Method and unit for controlling modules of automation means

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and a device for controlling a module, made in the form of an automated system device with a communication interface at the module side. The invention provides a control unit with docking means for detachable mounting of the control unit to the module, with information input and output means, with a first communication interface which, when the control unit is mounted, is connected to the communication interface at the module side and is designed for data communication between the control unit and the module, and is also connected to a second communication interface for communication with a separate control unit.

EFFECT: efficient control of automated system devices.

17 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method and device management module, implemented in particular in the form of device of the automated system, with a communication interface on the module side.

In industrial automation solutions are used many different modules, for example, equipment for measurement and regulation. The control units for these modules are usually designed for a specific module or for a limited group of modules, i.e. belonging to the corresponding module menu structure and functionality of the management programme is rigidly retained in the respective control units.

Therefore, you cannot use the control unit for newly developed modules in the future, and to a great extent, in each case, also the newly developed control unit, which leads large development costs.

In industrial automation modules used techniques of measurement and control can include, for example, sensors, actuators, monitoring elements, transducers, or any other of the many different elements. To configure and/or set parameters of the module he is usually facing outward communication interface, which can selectively connect the removable control panel or a personal computer (PC). When modulating� need to connect with PC, in an unfavorable case, the control unit must be removed from the module to the PC can be connected to the communication interface.

The basis of the invention is to provide new and/or improved path management module, implemented in particular in the form of device of the automated system, with a communication interface on the module side.

The problem is solved by means of the control unit according to paragraph 1 of the formula of the invention and the method according to paragraph 15 of the claims. Preferred forms of implementation and refinements are given in the relevant subclauses.

Accordingly, the invention provides the control module with a communication interface on the module side, which has a fastening means for releasable attachment of the control unit to the module, and means for input and output input and output information. Further, the control unit has first and second communication interfaces, wherein the first communication interface when the fixed control unit is connected to the interface connection on the side of the module and is designed for data exchange between the control unit and the module, the second communication interface is used to communicate with a separate control unit.

Relative to the module it is primarily about the unit of the automation system, wherein the module is preferably made in the form of the unit of measurement techniques, control�management and automatic regulation or as a Converter for measuring techniques, control and automatic control. The control module includes, respectively, preferably, the display and/or edit details of the parameterization and/or configuration, and/or display the results of the process.

This equipment for measurement, control and automatic control is used, in particular, in order to avoid distortion of analog signals from external interference, since the transmission of analog signals in industrial surroundings especially susceptible to interference. By exact transformation, decoupling or convergence of analog signals, the Converter ensures and improves the transmission quality and thus the quality of the control circuits.

Accordingly, the module can be performed, for example, in the form of a separator of signals for electrical isolation, amplification, filtering and/or matching of analog signals, in the form of a Converter for conversion of signal values or in the form of a monitoring module for detecting analog signals and to control and monitor the process depending on the values of the signal.

The essence of the invention consists in that by means of the second communication interface of the control unit to allow connection of the computer with the module, if the control unit is fixed to the module, and accordingly the first communication interface control unit�display connected to the communication interface on the module side.

Accordingly, preferably developed a control unit for controlling the communication between the module connected to the first communication interface, and a separate control unit connected to the second communication interface, and a separate control unit, in particular, is a computer (PC), which may be, for example, designed as a laptop or tablet laptop.

To this end, in a preferred form of the invention provides that the interface connection on the side of the connected module has the first address and the second communication interface of the control unit, the second address different from the first. In this form of the invention the control unit is designed so that the adopted datagrams from a separate control unit, which contain the first address are relayed further to the module and the response module is relayed further to a separate control unit. Preferably the control unit comprises a leading Protocol stack for communication with the module for executing a Protocol stack for communication with a separate control unit.

Following the idea of the invention consists in that the control unit supports a variety of, in particular, also promising modules. This is achieved due to the fact that the microcontroller of the control unit can be programmed to work with�independently. If a module of a different type is connected to the control unit, the control unit loads a particularly preferable structure menu structure and functionality related to the module as part of the program from the module, and replaces the part of its own memory, and it is advisable to apply as the memory of the flash memory and load the program in the executable form of the hexadecimal code.

Accordingly, the fastening means is preferably made for fastening the control unit to the modules of various types. Further, the control unit is preferably executed in order to make and learn from module connected to the first communication interface, identification information that identifies the module type.

In accordance with one of preferred forms of the invention, the control unit includes at least a memory for storing a control program, wherein the first memory storage area used to store the first program and a second memory storage area used to store the second portion of the program, and accesses between program parts are preferably managed through defined programming interface of the control unit. Under the second part of the program means the module-specific part of the program that is loaded with p�glycanova module.

Management program prepares particularly preferably a management interface that includes a graphical user interface through which the user displays a menu for selecting functions. Module-specific menu area, which includes module-specific menu structure and module-specific functions, prepared by the second part of the program.

Preferably the control unit is configured to, before downloading the second part of the program to receive the identification information from the connected module and compared with the already stored identification information, and only when accepted and already stored information identification are different, download the second part of the program from the connected module and the received identification information to remember. Thus, the second part of the program will only be loaded from the module when required.

As the memory preferably has a memory with random access and/or flash memory, and preferably both the first and second memory areas, respectively include memory random access and flash memory.

In accordance with one of preferred forms of the invention the first and second communication interfaces of the control unit is designed DL� serial data.

Corresponding to the invention a method of controlling, in particular, for the constructed module with interface connection on the side of the module as a unit of the automated system provides for the fixing of the control unit on the module, as described above, so that the first communication interface of the control unit is connected to the communication interface on the module side and prepares through its loaded in the memory of the control unit the control program user interface.

Preferably the method includes the transfer from the module to the control unit identification information, which identifies one type of module and includes a comparison of the received identification information with identification information in one of the specified memory locations in the control unit, founded by the control unit. If the received identification information is different from the inherent identification information, the control unit loads the second part of the program module, stores the second loaded portion of the program in the second memory region of the control unit, and the second part of the program and first loaded in the first part of the memory of the control unit, to form a first control program and memorize the received identification information in a predetermined memory location in the control unit. After comparing the identification information and at the same time for�manual ultrasonic and remembering the second part of the program, as well as memorizing the received information identifying the control unit executes the control program, and the treatment between the first and second parts of the programs occur after a defined programming interface.

In a preferred form of the invention the communication interface on the module side has the first address and the second communication interface of the control unit assigned to the second address different from the first, and the control unit controls the communication between the module connected to the first communication interface, and a separate control unit connected to the second communication interface, wherein the datagram is addressed to the first address, which accepts a control unit separate from the control unit, connected to the second communication interface are relayed further to the module.

It is advisable to delay the acceptance addressed to the first address of a datagram from a separate control unit and simultaneous communication between the control unit and the module, relaying datagrams received from a separate control unit to the module as long as the connection between the control unit and the module is complete. Accordingly, it is preferable to delay the communication initiated via the control unit, while communication between the control unit and the module as long as the bond between a control unit and mo�UHL completes.

The invention will be further described in more detail in the examples, the preferred forms of the invention and with reference to given symbol. The same footnotes in the drawings denote the same or similar parts.

Shown:

Fig.1 - schematic representation of the preferred form of the invention corresponding to the invention the control unit, which docked with the module;

Fig.2 - schematically in Fig.1 shows a control unit in the undocked state;

Fig.3 - schematic process of self-programming of the preferred form of the invention corresponding to the invention the control unit, and

Fig.4 - schematically a preferred form of the invention corresponding to the invention the control unit, which is connected to the module and the computer, as a separate control unit.

Fig.1 shows a module 200 of automation equipment that includes analog signal input 230 and formed, for example, in the form of a sensor, a control element or the monitoring module. There is a corresponding to the invention the control unit 100, connected to the module 200, and due to the mechanism of the docking unit 100 is connected to the control module 200 with the possibility of separation. In the example implementation of�of bretania module 200 is installed to be mounted on the tire carrier 400.

The control unit 100 includes, in the depicted form of the invention the input means in the form of push buttons 130, and output means in the form of a display 140 and an led display (LED display) 142. Further to protect the means of input and output has a foldable cover 190. In block 100 control downloaded control program, which is designed in such a way that by means of input and output creates a graphical user interface, and the display 140 during execution of the program control menu is displayed with the selected user functions, and the choice is made via the push buttons 130.

The control unit 100 includes a first interface connection 110, which is represented in the docked position is connected to the interface 210 connection on the side of the module, which makes possible the communication between the module 200 and the control unit 100. The interface 210 side communication module according to the represented form of embodiment of the invention, placed on the upper side of the module 200, and the first interface 110 communication control unit 100 is placed on the bottom side. Accordingly, the interfaces 110 and 210 are not visible in Fig.1

The control unit 100 has a further second interface 120 for connection to a separate control unit, for example, designed as a PC.

Fig.2 shows a control unit 100 and mod�l 200 in the undocked state. The docking of the control unit 100 to the module 200 is carried out by means of connecting elements 181 and 182, which in the docked position are joined to corresponding connecting elements of the module 200. At least one of the connecting elements 181, 182 or the connecting element module 200 is mounted movable in such a way that rustikova possible using manual exposure.

Fig.3 schematically depicts a memory structure of the preferred form of the invention the control unit 100 and is connected to the module 200. An example embodiment of the invention schematically depicts the controlled process of self-programming using a microcontroller of the control unit 100. Each module type varies through an unambiguous Ident number (ID). The control unit memorizes the ID of the module to which it belongs is actual loaded the menu area. This area of the menu includes module-specific menu structure and module-specific functions that can be called from the menu.

After switching on, the control unit 100 first reads the ID of the connected module 200 and compares it with the ID that belongs to the actual loaded the menu area. If these two IDs are different, the control unit 100 is connected to a module of another type, and the control unit 100 starts to load for this module 200 pertinently�call him the menu area in the form of executable hex code from the memory 250 of the attached module 200 and in the process he begins to programmed. Own built-in software loaded in the region 152 memory flash memory of the microcontroller and uses the region 154 of the memory with random access of the microcontroller.

For the menu area reserved constant region 162 of the flash memory of the microcontroller of the control unit 100. For static variables, the menu area is reserved, in addition, the constant region 164 in the memory random access of a microprocessor.

To make it possible to choose how code programming outside the menu on the functions and/or variables inside the area menu and the function menu area on the functions and/or variables outside of the menu area, there is a specific interface 170 between the two areas. Thus, it is possible to specifically agree on the menu for each module, without having to make changes in their own embedded software of the control unit, embedded in the field 152 memory flash memory of the microcontroller.

For the application of the control unit 100 is depicted in the form of the invention, after setting the menu area should be preserved it in the form of hexadecimal code in the memory of the respective module, each control unit itself it loads the module and can operate in conjunction with the module.

In Fig.4 example implementation�ia the invention of the PC 300 connected to the control unit 100, connected to the module 200. The interfaces 110, 210, 220, and 320 preferably designed as a parallel interface for parallel data transmission. Respectively designed interface 210 of the module 200 and the second interface 120 of the control unit 100 preferably as a 12-pole socket and the first interface 110 of the control unit 100 and the interface 320 PC computer 300 preferably as a 12-pole plug, and the interface 320 is depicted in the form of the invention in conjunction with the cable 325 form a multi-pole connection cable.

To implement the connection between control unit 100 and the module and between the PC 300 and the module 200, the control unit 100 has the leading Protocol stack and the Executive Protocol stack. The control unit 100 performs with respect to the PC 300 connected as a performer and is a relative to the module 200 is connected to the active device.

Designed as a serial port interface 210 of the communication module 200 is presented in the form of the invention, the Protocol address of 192, the serial port 120 from the front of the control unit 100, by contrast, has an address of 191. The Executive stack management unit 100 checks in the first place, what the address is of the incoming telegram. When the address 191 telegram is processed in the Executive stack� the control unit 100. Thus, it is possible directly from the individual control unit 300, is designed as a PC, to communicate with the control unit 100, for example, read and/or write parameters. When the address 192 telegram will be further relayed to the master stack management unit 100 and transmitted to the connected module 200. The response module 200 will be further relayed exclusively on the PC 300.

Since the connection can also occur in parallel between the control unit 100 and the module 200, Executive, stack management unit 100 - as soon as the PC 300 will want to contact the module 200 is must with the transmission of telegrams in leading the stack until be in waiting state until active transmission between control unit 100 and the module 200 is completed. If the firmware of the control unit intends to contact the module 200, and direct transfer between the PC 300 and the module 200 occurs, it has a data transfer will still be in the wait state until, until an active communication between the PC 300 and the module 200.

1. Block (100) of the control module (200) with an interface (210) and connection module, which includes:
- a means (181, 182) dock for releasable attachment unit (100) of the control module (200), and means (181, 182) dock for attachment to the module (100) is a control for m�Dooley of various types,
- means (130) and input means (140, 142) of the output to the input and output of information,
- a first interface (110) connection, which when attached to a block (100) is connected to the control interface (210) and connection module and is intended for transferring data between the unit (100) of the control module (200), wherein the block (100) control is arranged to receive and store the identification information from the connected to the first interface (110) of the module (200) that identifies the type of module to receive and to remember,
- at least a memory (152, 154, 162, 164) for storing a control program, wherein the first memory region (152) storage is designed to store the first program and a second memory region (162) storage is designed to store the second part of the program, and accesses between program parts preferably occur via the specified interface (170) and the block (100) control is performed so that the second part of the program is loaded from the connected module (200), wherein the control unit is arranged to compare before uploading the second part of the program identification information from the connected module (200) for receiving from the already stored identification information, and only when accepted and already stored information identification are different, download the second part of the program from the connected module (20) and memorize the received identification information,
- a second interface (120) connection to individual unit (300) controls.

2. The control unit according to claim 1, wherein the module (200) is made in the form of device technology, measurement, control and automatic regulation or in a Converter equipment for measurement, control and automatic control.

3. The control unit according to claim 1 or 2, which is arranged to control communication between one of the modules (200) connected to the interface (110) connection, and one of the individual blocks (300) control connected to the second interface (120) connection.

4. The control unit according to claim 3, in which the interface (210) and connection of the module with the connected module (200) has a first address and a second interface (120) of the communication unit (100) controls the second address different from the first, and the block (100) control is so performed that accept datagrams from a single unit (300) controls that contain the first address are relayed further to the module (200).

5. The control unit according to claim 4, including a leading Protocol stack for communication with the module (200) for executing a Protocol stack for communication with a separate unit (300) controls.

6. The control unit according to any one of claims. 1,2,4,5, wherein the memory includes RAM memory (154, 164) random access and/or flash memory (152, 162).

7. The control unit according to claim 3, wherein the memory includes RAM memory (154, 164) with arbitrary�Borkou and/or flash memory (152, 162).

8. The control unit according to any one of claims. 1,2,4,5,7, in which the management module (200) includes a display and/or change the parameter adjustment data or configuration and/or indication of the estimates process.

9. The control unit according to claim 3, wherein the management module (200) includes a display and/or change the parameter adjustment data or configuration and/or indication of the estimates process.

10. The control unit according to claim 6, wherein the management module (200) includes a display and/or change the parameter adjustment data or configuration and/or indication of the estimates process.

11. The control unit according to any one of claims. 1,2,4,5,7,9,10 in which the first (110) and/or the second (120) communication interfaces configured to serial data.

12. The control unit according to claim 3, wherein the first (110) and/or the second (120) communication interfaces configured to serial data.

13. The control unit according to claim 6, wherein the first (110) and/or the second (120) communication interfaces configured to serial data.

14. The control unit according to claim 8, in which the first (110) and/or the second (120) communication interfaces configured to serial data.

15. Method management module (200) with an interface (210) and connection module, and the module (200) is fixed unit (100) according to any one of claims. 1-14.�, the first interface (110) connection unit (100) is connected to the control interface (210) and connection module, and wherein preparing the user interface by means loaded in a memory block (100) of the control flow program, which is carried out in stages:
- read unit (100) of the control module (200) is identification information that identifies the module,
- comparing the received identification information with identification information laid down by unit (100) of the control at the specified location in memory block (100) control when the received identification information is different from the inherent identification information,
- loading the second software module (200) through the block (100) of the control and storing the downloaded second program in the second area (162) storage unit (100) of the administration and the second part of the program and first loaded in the first region (152) of the memory control unit forms the control program, and
- remember the received identification information in a predetermined memory location in the block (100) of the control, and
- perform program management through the block (100) of the administration and treatment between the first and second parts of the program take place through the specified native programming interface (170).

16. A method according to claim 15, in which
interface (210) and connection module, and�Adamu module (200), assign the first address and the second interface (120) of the communication unit (100) controls the second address different from the first, and
- through unit (100) manage the communication between the module connected to the first interface (110) connection, and a separate unit (300) control connected to the second interface (120) connections and datagrams addressed to the first address, which takes a block (100) control from a single unit (300) control is connected to the second interface (120) connection, pass on to the module (200).

17. A method according to claim 16, in which when receiving addressed to the first address of a datagram from a separate unit (300) control and simultaneous communications between the unit (100) of the control module (200) relaying datagrams received from a single block (300) of the control module (200) to detain until the connection between the block (100) of the control module (200) not completed, and while the relationship between the selected block (300) of the control module (200) is initiated by the unit (100) controls the connection between the block (100) the control module (200) to detain until the bond between a block (300) of the control module (200) is completed.



 

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FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to control of oil production. The invention suggests oil production data support and control method in real time and automated system for its implementation, which contains n actuating mechanisms, n data processing and converting devices corresponding to each actuating mechanism, self-contained control unit, data visualisation unit, mobile communication unit and self-contained data acquisition and storage unit.

EFFECT: development of reliable oil production data support and control method in real time and automated system for its implementation, which ensures continuous monitoring with receipt of true information in real time at any set instant of time with potential timely detection of deviations from the preset operation modes of any actuating mechanism out of n actuating mechanisms coupled to the claimed automated system as well as potential selection of optimal operating modes for actuating mechanisms both at the site of their location and location of data processing and converting devices as well as at any geographic point where mobile communications are ensured for devices, which may be coupled according to the claimed invention as mobile communication units, data visualisation units, and potential control of actuating mechanisms operation.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to telemechanics and automated systems for measuring, monitoring, adjusting, diagnosing and controlling remote objects, and specifically to systems for corrosion monitoring of electrochemical protection of gas pipelines, particularly cathodic protection units. The telemechanical system for monitoring and controlling cathodic protection units of gas pipelines comprises cathodic protection units, a control station with an automated workstation for a controller and a communication channel between cathodic protection stations and the control station. The communication channel is set up by connecting an overhead power line to high-frequency chokes and coupling capacitors, connected to coupling filters which are provided with grounding blades and are connected to high-frequency communication units, one of which is installed at the control station and is linked to the automated workstation of the controller, and the other are installed in the cathodic protection units and are linked to monitoring and control units; furthermore, each anode grounding connection and each pipeline drainage point is connected to a measuring transducer which is linked to the monitoring and control unit.

EFFECT: high reliability of cathodic protection units of gas pipelines.

2 dwg

FIELD: physics, control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatics and may be used in development of control systems of aviation objects, items of rocket-space engineering and robotic complexes operating under extreme conditions (wide range of temperature variation from -60 to +125°C, mechanical impact in the form of strikes and wideband vibration) in ionising radiation fields. The proposed system comprises actuating elements of a control object, an angular speed sensor, an acceleration sensor, an information collection unit, satellite navigation equipment, an inertial navigation subsystem, control computing devices, a sensor of external impact, a blocking signal generator, a memory with authorized access and actuating elements, a power supply subsystem, an image processing subsystem, a control unit and an optical correction subsystem.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of control system operation, namely, preservation of operability in case of any single failure in system equipment, and also preservation of functioning and accuracy of control in case of parametric changes in components caused by ageing, change of environmental temperature and dose factors of ionising radiation.

24 cl, 24 dwg

FIELD: instrumentation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises intake-and-discharge sealed station equipped with two-way controlled orifice valve arranged at vessel bottom. It includes device for vacuum feed of samples to measuring device. Said device consists of interconnected intake commutator, flow measuring cell connected to vacuum-pressure control system of said intake-and-discharge vessel. Note here that measuring cell comprises bottom inlet-outlet of fluids and is located at top point of sample feed line to rule out the ingress of said products into the meter at breakage of the film and covered by protection film from above. Besides, this system comprises control, indication and data transfer unit including pneumoelectric and electric devices equipped with programmable logical controller and digital processing program. Note here that it incorporates extra intake-and-discharge station coupled with the first one to make the pump. Said intake-and-discharge stations are identical and consist of two-way orifice valves while top covers accommodate sample level pickups and vacuum and pressure feed valves. Union to feed material at rarefaction of two-way orifice valves of both stations are interconnected via T-bend and flexible hose and connected with top union of flow measuring cell while union to feed material under pressure are interconnected by T-bend with flexible hose to drain measured sample portion in accumulation tank. Accumulation tank comprises union at its top part to receive sample from primary sampling system, measured sample return line, air separator and flushing water feed valve. Its bottom comprises T-bend connected with controlled drain valve and flexible hose for connection with measuring cell bottom union. Note here that air separator is composed of diffuser provided with conical splitter.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of measurements, continuous sample mixing, sample feed at rarefaction.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system of situation-analytical centres of an organisational system. The system comprises a telecommunication network, a control centre, situation-analytical centres, control points of departments of the organisational system, two-way communication means, means of monitoring surveillance objects, which affect the state of operations of the organisational system, and enables automated generation of scenarios using computer systems of the control centre, situation-analytical centres and control points of departments of the organisational system, storage of data on the scenarios in a system for storing data for auditing operations of the organisational system, which is part of the control centre, transmission of data on the scenarios via equipment interfaces of the control centre, situation-analytical centres, control points of departments of the organisational system and over the telecommunication network to computer networks of the control centre, situation-analytical centres and control points of departments of the organisational system, to video systems and a computer for setting up the video system of the control centre and situation-analytical centres, to multimedia screens of the control centre, situation-analytical centres and control points of departments of the organisational system to make decisions based on the generated scenarios.

EFFECT: high efficiency of the decision-making process owing to automated generation of scenarios for solving problem situations.

21 cl, 1 tbl, 30 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of supporting operation of an organisational system. The method comprises steps of forming blocks of standardised data on the state of support objects and operation of the organisational system, critical and allowable performance indicators of the organisational system, control commands for setting support objects into standardised or allowable states depending on the actual situation, setting support objects into standardised states, determining the actual states of support objects, evaluating the actual performance of the organisational system, determining blocks of data on the control commands required in the actual situation, optionally setting the support objects into standardised or allowable states based on the effect thereof on the types of operation in subdivisions of the organisational system and operation of the organisational system as a whole.

EFFECT: high efficiency of controlling information support of operation of an organisational system through automated evaluation of performance indicators of the organisational system and automatic control of support objects of the organisational system based on said evaluation.

24 cl, 50 dwg

FIELD: tire industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant contains great number of working units operating successively. Plant is furnished with central processor made for setting successive execution of great number of operations at working stations. Each working station contains at least one unit of indicated working units according to one or several set sequences of tire types. Plant includes also local processor connected with each working station and made for determining type corresponding to drum found in each of said working units. Local processor provides selection of definite procedure from preset group of procedures for each of said working units designed for type of tire corresponding to drum to be used in operation. Invention reduces to minimum downtimes for changing type of tire to be manufactured and makes it possible to manufacture lots of tires of different types without changing equipment producing tire semifinished products.

EFFECT: provision of automatic manufacturing of different type tires.

9 cl, 3 dwg

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