System and method for interactive illumination control
SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to interactive illumination, specifically to control and creation of light effects such as regulation of light scenes based on position indication received from the input device, and more specifically to system and method for interactive illumination control in order to control and create light effects using position indicator. The main idea of this invention consists in provision of control over interactive illumination by combined indication of a position and approach of controlled light effects for illumination control in order to perfect creation of light effects such as regulation of light scenes, in particular scenes with large and heterogeneous infrastructures of illumination. One of the invention embodiments is referred to interactive illumination control system (10), which comprises interface (12) intended for receipt of data (14) specifying actual position (16) in real environment from input device (18) adapted for detection of position in the real environment by position pointing and receipt of data related to light effect (32), which is desired in the real position, and light effect controller (20) intended to convert actual position into virtual-type position of the real environment and to identify light effects available in virtual position.
EFFECT: control of interactive illumination and creation of light effects.
14 cl, 7 dwg
AREA of TECHNOLOGY
The invention relates to the management of interactive lighting, specifically to the management and creation of lighting effects, such as regulation of light scenes based on the indication of the location received from the input device, and more particularly to a system and method of managing an interactive lighting to control and create light effects with the use of display device location.
Modern professional environment and the home environment of the future should contain a large number of light sources of different nature and type: incandescent, halogen, discharge lamps or lamps based on LED (light emitting diode) for ambient, ambient, accent or working light. Each light source has different management capabilities, such as dimmable, cool/warm lighting, RGB or other methods that change the effect of light source on Wednesday.
Almost all of the management paradigm in lighting based on the lighting operation: the user selects the lamp and acts directly on the control unit of the lamp by changing the value of a blackout or acts on RGB (red, green, blue) channels of the lamp. At the same time can be very natural to adjust the lighting effect directly�in public location and don't bother searching for lamps, they are responsible for the effect in a certain location.
When the number of light sources is more than 20, can be challenging returning to track the effect of a light source provided at the location. Furthermore, the effect may be the result of a combination of different lighting effects from light sources of different nature (for example, lamps Ambient TL (working light) and LED lamps surrounding the lighting of the walls). In this case, the user should experiment with various lighting control lamps and to evaluate the effect of their changes. In some cases, this effect is more global (e.g., ambient light), in some cases, this effect is very local (e.g., point light). Therefore, the user has to figure out what the control unit is connected with one or another effect, and it is necessary to clarify the effect size in order to approach the desired light settings.
Summary of the INVENTION
The purpose of the invention is to improve the management of infrastructure lighting.
Goal is achieved by the subject invention according to the independent claims. Additional implementation options are presented in dependent claims.
The basic idea of the invention is a member, to provide control of the interactive lighting by combining display device location with controlled lighting effect approach to control of lighting in order to improve the creation of lighting effects, such as regulation of light scenes, in particular, in large and heterogeneous infrastructure lighting. Managed effect approach to control of lighting can be implemented by using a computer model that contains a virtual representation of a real environment with the lighting infrastructure. Virtual views can be used to project a real location to a virtual location in the virtual environment. The lighting effects available in the real location, you can detect and simulate in virtual form. While virtual location and available light effects can be used to display lighting effects to the user for selection, and to calculate the control settings for the lighting infrastructure. This automated and controlled lighting effect approach can improve management, in particular, the complex infrastructure of lighting and offers a more natural interaction, since users only need to point to a location in a real environment, where they would change�filament light effect, created by lighting infrastructure.
One of the embodiments of the invention relates to a control system of interactive lighting that contains
interface for receiving data reflecting real location in a real environment, from the input device, which is adapted to detect a location in the real environment by specifying the location, and for receiving data associated with light effect you wish to receive real location
controller lighting effects to transform the real location virtual location in the virtual view of the real environment and determine the lighting effects available in the virtual location.
The system may further comprise shaper lighting effects to calculate the control settings for the lighting infrastructure to create a desired lighting effect in a real location based on light effects available in the virtual location. Shaper lighting effects can be realized, for example, in the form of a software module that translates the lighting effects selected in virtual form, in the lighting effects in a real environment. For example, when the user selects a specific location in real� environment to change the lighting effect and changes the lighting effect through virtual view shaper lighting effects can automatically process the modified light effect in virtual form by computing the appropriate control settings for creating a lighting effect in the real environment. Shaper lighting effects may also consider any limitations of the lighting infrastructure in a live environment when creating a lighting effect.
The input device location may contain one or more of the following devices:
the first input device adapted to receive a location from the detected position of the infrared LED;
the second input device, which is adapted to receive a location from the detected position of the coded beacons;
- skylights, which is diagnosed by the camera;
- laser pointer that is detected by the camera.
Typically a suitable input device in the context of the invention is a pointing device, i.e. a device for detecting the location at which the user is pointing the device.
The system may further comprise a camera and a video processing unit, which is adapted for processing video data received from the camera, and to detect a location in the real environment in which the device indicates�istwo input and withdrawal find real location for the unit conversion for further processing.
The interface may be adapted to receive data associated with the light effect that you want to get real location from the input device lighting effects.
Controller lighting effects can be adapted for indication light effects available in real location based on the virtual location in the virtual view, and to transmit available light effects on the input device, a display device and/or a sound device for display to the user.
The display device can be controlled so as to display static or dynamic content with lighting effects to select using the input device lighting effects.
The data associated with the light effect that you want to get real location can contain one or more of the following:
- data on the size of the real location in which to create the desired lighting effect;
data about light effect in the first real location of the drag input device into a second real location, which will also created lighting effect;
data about light effect in the first real location of the drag input device into a second real location, in which you want to move light effect;
data about the effect of the distribution or attenuation in a particular area or spot.
Shaper lighting effects can be adapted to track down the offending lamps that affect light in a real location, in the lighting infrastructure based on the virtual location, and to calculate the control settings for lamps that were tracked.
An additional variant embodiment of the invention relates to an input device for the system in accordance with the invention and as described above, where the input device comprises
sensor location for detecting the location in the actual environment to which the input device, and
transmitter for transmitting data relating to the detected location.
The input device may further comprise
- the pump light effects to enter the lighting effect desired at the location, which specifies the input device, where the data associated with the desired input light effect, passed through the transmitter.
One additional variant embodiment of the invention relates to a method for interactive control of lighting, including actions
- obtain data that reflect the real location in real environments�, from the input device, which is adapted for locating in a real environment by specifying the location, and receiving data associated with light effect you wish to obtain real location, and
transform the real location to a virtual location in the virtual view of the real environment and determine the lighting effects available in the virtual location.
Variant implementation of the invention relates to a computer program that enables a processor to implement a method in accordance with the invention and as described above. The processor may be implemented, for example, in the lighting control system, for example, in the Central controller of the lighting system.
According to an additional embodiment of the invention may be provided in a carrier on which is stored a computer program in accordance with the invention, for example, CD-ROM, DVD, memory card, diskette, Internet device memory or similar storage media suitable for storing computer program for optical or electronic access.
An additional variant embodiment of the invention relates to a computer programmed to perform the method in accordance with the invention, such as a PC (personal computer). For example, in a computer�'ere can be implemented in a controller of the lighting infrastructure.
These and other aspects of the invention will be seen from the embodiments that are described later in this document and explained with reference to them.
Hereunder the invention is described in more detail with reference to an exemplary implementation options. However, the invention is not limited to these exemplary embodiments of the implementation.
BRIEF description of the DRAWINGS
Fig.1 shows a variant implementation of the control system of interactive lighting in accordance with the invention;
Fig.2 shows a first scenario of use of the control system of interactive lighting in accordance with the invention where a light effect of drag from one location to another location by an input device in accordance with the invention;
Fig.3 shows the second mode of the control system of interactive lighting in accordance with the invention, where the spot of the lamp, allowing the redirection drag from one location to another location by an input device in accordance with the invention;
Fig.4 presents a third scenario of use of the control system of interactive lighting in accordance with the invention, where features provided in virtual form for the expansion of interactions in accordance with the invention;
nafig.5 shows a fourth scenario of use of the control system of interactive lighting in accordance with the invention, where provided for the point of gravity location;
Fig.6 shows a first variant implementation of the fifth scenario of the control system of interactive lighting in accordance with the invention, where a display device shows a static color palette; and
Fig.7 shows a second variant implementation of the fifth scenario of the control system of interactive lighting in accordance with the invention, where a display device shows a dynamic color palette.
DESCRIPTION of embodiments of
In the future, functionally similar or identical elements may have the same item numbers. The terms "lamp", "light" and "light source" describe the same thing.
Fig.1 shows a control system of interactive lighting 10 that contains the interface 12, for example, the wireless transceiver adapted to wirelessly receive data from the input device 18, the controller light effects 20, shaper lighting effects 22 and the video processing unit 26 for processing video data captured by the camera 24, which is connected with the system of interactive lighting 10. The control system of interactive lighting 10 is provided for controlling the lighting infrastructure 34 containing several lamps 36 installed in the actual fry�e, like the room with the wall 30. The system 10 can be implemented by a computer executing software that implements the modules 20, 22 and 26 of the system 10. Then the interface 12 may be, for example, Bluetooth™ or Wi-Fi computer. The system 10 may be further connected with a display device 28, such as a computer monitor or TV.
Interactive lighting control created using the infrastructure of lighting 34, can be done by using the input device 18, which can keep the user 38. The user 38 who wants to create a certain lighting effect in real location 16 on the wall 30, just pointing input device 18 to the location 16. To detect the location 16, which shows the user 38, the input device 18 is adapted to the detection of the location 16.
The input device 18 may be, for example, the intuitive pointer uWand™ and three-dimensional control device from the applicant. The control device uWand™ contains the IR (infrared) receiver that detects signals from coded IR beacons, which can be located on the wall 30 in addition to the TV. From the received signals and the positions of the beacons, the control device uWand™ can get it half�proposal instructions and to transmit the received position indication via a wireless 2.4 GHz communication channel interface 12. The control device uWand™ makes possible the detection of two-dimensional and three-dimensional position. For example, can also occur detection of rotation of the input device.
For the purposes of the present invention it is also possible to use the input device WiiMote™ of Nintendo Co., Ltd. The input device WiiMote™ makes it possible to detect two-dimensional position indication by means of capturing the IR radiation from the IR LED built-in camera and receiving the position indication from the detected position of the infrared LED. Transmission-related data detected by the position specifying occur via a Bluetooth™, for example, using the interface 12.
In addition, as the input device, you can use a laser pointer or light the lantern when it is combined with a camera to detect the position of the instructions in a real environment, for example, on the wall 30. The data associated with the detected position indications generated by processing image data captured by the camera. The camera can be embedded in the input device, similar to the input device WiiMote™. Alternatively, a camera can be an external device, combined with a block of video processing to detect the position of the instructions. An external device that contains a camera, or may be connected to the control system interact�VNOM lighting 10 or integrated into it, for example, the camera 24 and the video processing unit 26 of the system 10.
The input device 18 wirelessly transmits data 14, reflecting the location 16 to which it points in a real environment 30, the interface 12 of the control system of interactive lighting 10.
Controller lighting effects 20 of the control system of interactive lighting 10 processes the received data 14 as follows: actual position location 16 is converted to a virtual location of the virtual species in a real environment. The virtual view may represent a two-dimensional representation of a real environment, such as wall 30 shown in Fig.1. The virtual view may be generated, for example, by means of capturing the real environment using the camera 24. Also, the virtual view may already be stored in the control system of interactive lighting 10, for example, by obtaining the image of the wall 30 using a digital camera and transfer the obtained image to the system 10.
Controller lighting effects 20 determines the lighting effects available in the virtual location. This can be accomplished, for example, by a model infrastructure lighting 34 installed in a live environment, where the model connects the device management infrastructure light 34 with light effects and locations in�realnom real environment.
You can create a model of the so-called method of calibration in a dark room (DRC), which measure the effect and the location of each control device, the lighting DMX channels. Then, the lighting effects are detectable using DRC, you can assign virtual locations in a virtual form, to generate a model. For example, the distribution of the target illumination can be expressed in the form of the target set at discrete points, for example, 500 Lux at certain points of the working surface, in the form of colorful propagation in two-dimensional form, for example, distribution, measured on a wall, or spread, which is attended by the camera or colorimetric device, or, more abstractly, as a function that associates light effect with a location.
The lighting effects, which is determined by the controller light effects 20 as available at the location 16 can be displayed on the display device 28 or transmit through the interface 12 to the input device 18 or a separate input device lighting effects 40, which may be, for example, implemented, for example, via a PDA (personal digital assistant), smartphone, keyboard, PC (personal computer), the remote control, such as TV.
Custom �selecting the desired lighting effect is passed from the input device 18 or the input device lighting effects 40 system 10 via the interface controller 12 light effects 20, that transmits selected light effect and the location of the 16 shaper lighting effects 22. The imaging unit 22 monitors the lamp 36 infrastructure lighting 34, which affect the light at the location 16, calculates the control settings for tracked lamps 36 and transmits the calculated control settings lighting infrastructure 34 so that at the location 16 to create the desired user effect light by lamps 32 36.
The following points explain the user selecting 38 lighting effects with just a few usage scenarios. In the presented scenarios, the cross denotes the position specifying input device 18, and the dashed arrows represent movements performed with the input device 18, i.e. the movement of the location of the instructions of the input device 18 from one location to another in a virtual form, which is a two-dimensional representation of a real environment, for example, the walls 30.
Fig.2-7 presents some possible interactions between the input device 18 and effects present in virtual form. Because the contents of the virtual view can be considered as the target distribution of light effects, the issuance of illumination can vary accordingly so that the user 38 can receive immediate feedback. This can apply to�lead to immersive subtle regulation of the atmosphere lighting created by lighting infrastructure 34.
Fig.2 presents a scenario where the lighting effect is selected in one location 161 and drag to another location 162. The desired lighting effect, such as a spot light, is in the first location 161. The user 38 may select the desired lighting effect by specifying the input device 18 to the location 161 and clicking on a certain button of the input device 18 and drag the chosen light effect to a new location 162, where it needs to be created. In its new location 162, placed a cross, 38 user releases still pressed button or presses the button again. The input device 18 may record the location 161 when clicking the first button and 162 location when you release the pressed button or you press the second button and pass both locations 161 and 162 as the data reflecting the actual location, along with data associated with the light effect, that is, dragging light effect on location 161 162 to a location in the system 10, which then creates a spot light location 161 in its new location 162. This technical process for detecting user interaction to select the desired lighting effect for location and transmission� data associated with this choice, also carried out with the following usage scenarios described below.
Fig.3 presents a use case where light effect, such as the spot of light created by the lamp, allowing a redirect or movable head at location 161 select and drag to another location 162. Interaction the same way as described in relation to the usage scenario shown in Fig.2. In this scenario, use may be easier to put light effect exactly at the desired user to the new location 162.
Fig.4 presents a use case of the virtual functions in the form to expand interaction. In some cases it is necessary to create a more complex task lighting (such as gradients). In this case the green effect 163 can be inserted in a gradient from red to blue 164. Location green effect affects the formation of the transition red- > green and green- > blue. The location of the green spots can be changed using the described interaction drag and drop. In General, functions (such as creating a gradient) can be implemented as such that it is possible to provide a richer interaction with the lighting system. Then, these functions respond to the location of the lighting effects in order to�to give a more complex interaction.
Fig.5 shows a scenario to use with the points of attraction location 165. Since the system 10 knows the location effects and maximums effects, it can use these location 165 as "points of attraction effects". When dragging light effect 166 he will jump from point of attraction to the point of attraction. This simplifies for the user the location of the effect, since the effects are placed only in the appropriate places. Also this extends the immersive feedback to the user, because the location can follow the change of the illumination. The definition points of attraction is not limited to maximum effect; also relevant may be sensitive input functions.
Fig.6 and 7 presents additional usage scenarios, combining a display device with a color palette 167. As described in relation to Fig.1, in a real environment may be a display device 28, which can display the color palette 167 lighting effects. Palette and location on the screen can be operated by a control system of interactive lighting 10. The location of the display device 28 can be embedded in a virtual form. Indicating the 168 color palette 167 on the display device 28 may be �narozena virtual, and there is no difference between the color drop on the display device and lighting effect. It makes possible the interaction that is similar to the usage scenario shown in Fig.2 and explained above: select an effect and drag it to another location. The color effect of drag from the display device in the environment, as if it was a lighting effect. Instead of a display device with a static color palette it may also be a display device with some dynamic content, as shown in Fig.7. Dynamic content can contain multiple 169 pixels, and each pixel can vary with time. The pixels in the dynamic content can also be converted into points of attraction of the location in the virtual view. Instead of a single display device the color palette and the target color can also be displayed and selected on the input device 18 or the input device lighting effect 40.
When pointing to the location that the display device can give some feedback on opportunities in these locations. For example, a triangle of colors that can be traced in that location may be displayed on the input device or a separate display device.
When there are multiple effects, control system �online lighting 10 can choose the most influencing effect at the location, in which the user must specify. You can also affect the range of effects.
Finally, as in the well-known interaction with mouse and pointer, the user 38 may also specify the area in virtual form. Thus, choosing a set of effects, which are mainly present in a certain area. Then carry out adjustment operations for a set of effects.
Adjustment operations possible in the selected area can be, for example,
changing the color temperature, hue, saturation and intensity.
smoothing or sharpening effects: weaken or intensify the limit values of the hue/saturation/intensity.
To reflect the size of the selected area, lamps that create a contribution in a specific area, you may begin to flash, or can be configured through the control system of interactive lighting 10 on a contrasting light effect. It provides the user with 38 feedback in the selected area.
The input device 18 can be used several ways of interaction for changing light effect:
Buttons for changing hue, saturation and intensity (set) effect(s) on which you specify.
These settings can also be changed by moving the input device 18 up or down and through�your use of acceleration sensors for detecting this movement.
Buttons or other input methods can be used to implement the operation "drag" (to move effects or to select the area).
Circle color sensitive touch screen or other arrangement that shows the hue, saturation and intensity of the specified lighting effect and which allows you to bring the hue, saturation and intensity to a value that satisfies the user.
When choosing the area shown values of hue, saturation and intensity may represent averages and minimums and maximums. In the latter case, the interaction makes it possible to change the extreme values. It is also possible to weaken or strengthen the distribution of extreme values in order to smooth or sharpen effect.
The invention can be used in environments where there is a large number, for example, more than 20 light sources in homes of the future with a complex and heterogeneous infrastructure lighting in shops, public spaces, lobbies, create lighting scenes, for chains of shops (you can come up with a single reference store where lighting scenes are created for all stores; when light scenes unfold, it may take some fine control). The interaction also can be used�to olisivat for adjusting the location of the spot, allowing for the redirection. These spots are mainly used in stores (mannequins), art galleries, theaters and concert venues.
Typical applications of the invention are, for example, in the creation of light scenes in an empty place (place area and intensify the effects from zero to the desired value) and immersive subtle regulation of light scenes, which are created using other methods of generation.
At least some functionality of the invention can be implemented using hardware or software. In the case of implementation in software you can use one or multiple standard microprocessors or microcontrollers for processing one or more algorithms that implement the invention.
It should be noted that the word "contains" does not exclude other elements or stages and that the forms of the singular does not exclude a plurality. In addition, any reference positions in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope of invention.
1. The system (10) control interactive lighting that contains
interface (12) for receiving data (14) indicating the actual location (16) in a real environment, from the device (18) input, and referred to the input device being configured to detect position�tion in a real environment through the instructions mentioned on the location and moreover the said interface configured to receive data associated with light effect (32), the desired real location, and
- a controller (20) lighting effects to transform the real location, as determined by the aforementioned input device, a virtual location in the virtual view of the real environment and determine the lighting effects available in the virtual location.
2. A system according to claim 1, which further comprises a shaper (22) lighting effects to calculate the control settings for infrastructure (34) lighting to create a desired lighting effect in a real location, on the basis of light effects available in the virtual location.
3. A system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the input device comprises a camera configured to obtain the pointing position defined by the light of a flashlight or laser pointer, or the position of the infrared LED, thus indicating the position obtained by processing image data captured mentioned camera.
4. A system according to claim 1 or 2, which further comprises a chamber (24) and the block (26) video processing is capable of processing video data received from the camera, and the detection location in a real environment to which the device� input and output the detected actual location on the controller light effects for further processing.
5. A system according to claim 1 or 2, in which the interface (12) is arranged to receive data pertaining to the light effect, the desired effect in the real location from the device (40) of the input light effects.
6. A system according to claim 1 or 2, in which the controller (20) light effects made with the possibility of indicating lighting effects available in the actual location, based on the virtual location in a virtual, and transfer of available lighting effects on the input device, device (28) display and/or audio device for display to the user.
7. A system according to claim 6, in which the display device control to display static or dynamic content with lighting effects to select using the input device lighting effects.
8. A system according to claim 1 or 2, in which data pertaining to the light effect, the desired effect in the real location, contain one or more of the following:
- data on the size of the real location in which to create the desired lighting effect;
data about light effect in the first real location of the drag input device into a second real location, which will also be created CBE�type effect;
data about light effect in the first real location of the drag input device into a second real location in which you want to move light effect;
data about the effect of the distribution or attenuation in a particular area or spot.
9. A system according to claim 2, in which the driver (22) light effects made with the ability to track lamps (36) that affect light in a real location, infrastructure lighting, based on the virtual location, and calculating the control settings for lamps that are tracked.
10. The input device (18) for a system according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, which contains
sensor location for detecting the location in the actual environment to which the input device, and
transmitter for transmitting data indicating the detected location.
11. The device according to claim 10, which additionally contains
- the pump light effects to enter the desired lighting effect at the location to which the input device, wherein the data associated with the entered desired lighting effect, then passed through a transmitter.
12. A method of controlling an interactive lighting that contains the following stages:
- receive data (14) indicating the actual location (16) in a real environment, from the�of trojstva input over and above the input device is arranged to detect the position in the real environment by reference to the said location, and wherein said interface is configured to receive data pertaining to the light effect, the desired effect in the real location, and
transform of the real location, as determined by the aforementioned input device, a virtual location in the virtual view of the real environment and identification of light effects available in the virtual location.
13. A computer configured to implement the method according to claim 12 and containing an interface for controlling a lighting infrastructure.
14. A recording medium that stores a computer program that allows a processor to implement a method according to claim 12.
SUBSTANCE: illumination device comprises a metal element 1, light-emitting device 2, on-off switch 3, low-voltage source 4 (accumulator-based), resistor 5, the first and second diodes 6, 7. An anode of the first diode 6 and a cathode of the second diode 7 are jointed and connected to the metal element 1. The metal element 1 should be rather made of tin with the surface area of at least 20 square centimetres. Additional charging of accumulators for a low-voltage source 4 feeding the light-emitting device 2 is made by energy generated during the rectification of electric oscillations occurring as a result of the heat motion of the metal element 1 particles.
EFFECT: development of a universal mobile portable and durable energy-saving illumination device with a long-term continuous operation.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Systems, networks, devices and methods for development, implementation and sharing of lighting circuits between controllable lighting networks are described. The network (101, 601, 701, 801, 808) according to the invention keeps the lighting circuits developed for network in the remote data storage (802). Other networks (301) address remote data storages for selection of existing circuits for implementation. Also the systems, networks, devices and methods for sharing by user choice between the controllable lighting networks are described. The networks according to the invention can get access to the shared remote data storage (112) for identification of user preferences at detection of a user by sensors in the network. In essence, individual lighting networks can use known user preferences or trained behaviours and environment conditions for more efficient adaptation to such behaviour, preferences or conditions.
EFFECT: improvement of efficient control of lighting.
15 cl, 13 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to lighting devices and control of the lighting devices operation. The result is attained due to the fact that each node out of a multitude of electric fixture nodes in the group of electric fixture nodes connected electrically may be used at a rated power level of a device; current consumption may be detected at least in the tested node of lighting fixtures out of the nodes of lighting fixtures; and the degree of reduced power for each node of lighting fixtures may be defined as a function of current consumption in the tested node of lighting fixtures.
EFFECT: invention ensures selective use of a group of lighting fixture nodes at a reduced power level in order to prevent an overload of the supply circuit and/or overload of one or more nodes of lighting fixtures in the group of the lighting fixture nodes.
21 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to lighting engineering. The lighting system (100) contains many lighting fixtures (101a-d). Each lighting fixture is made with possibility to transmit the identification code ID in the emitted light. To guarantee sufficient registration of the identification codes during selection using the selection device (120) the system additionally contains a control unit (130), made with possibility to identify any lighting fixture which rated excitation is equal pr below the minimum pre-set value or is equal or above the maximum pre-set value. The control unit sets (or commands to excitation system to set) the rated excitation value of such identified lighting fixture to the set value to achieve the appropriate set light output of the lighting fixture ensuring signal sufficient to transmit the identification code ID.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of the light sources control.
11 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting units. The light source 1 has LED module 2, at least, with one series circuit of light-emitting diodes. Terminals of the module 2 are connected to terminals of the power supply 5 which is stabilised by the output current. The power of the module 2 is greater than the power of the light source, and on separate light-emitting diodes the bridging pieces 6 are installed. Light-emitting diodes can be placed along the module surface and are connected in several series circuits, connected to each other in parallel, so that each light-emitting diode of one circuit has corresponding light-emitting diodes symmetric to it in other circuits, their similar terminals are unipotential and can be connected to each other. The light source power is regulated by switching on the ready LED module, without any changes in the light source.
EFFECT: simplification of regulation of the light source power.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: physics, control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to controlling the level of light in building illumination. The result is achieved due to that the level of light is controlled by a control system (2), which is operably linked to at least one interior sensor (3) for detecting the interior level of light; at least one electric light control device (4); at least one window drapery control device (5) for controlling the allowable level of daylight; and a processing unit (7) for processing given control values, which include a given value of the interior level of light. The level of electric light and the allowable level of daylight are controlled concurrently by the electric light control device and the window drapery control device.
EFFECT: providing an automatic power-saving system for controlling building illumination.
10 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting device (2) is made with possibility of light quality data inclusion in the light emitted by the lighting device. The light quality data relate to state of the lighting device (2), for example to end of its k service life. Light can be detected by the control device (3) being external for the lighting device (2). The control device (3) can further help in determination of the lighting device (2) state, as result the current maintenance operations for the lighting device (2) can be made. So, the servicing personnel can replace the lighting devices and/or light sources requiring maintenance according to state indication of each lighting device before any lighting device of the system will achieve its service life.
EFFECT: increased quality of the emitted light due to more accurate determination of the light source state.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: LED radiator circuit is added by N keys and the ring impulse generator having N outputs, each of which is connected to the control inputs of keys, and cathodes of each of N light-emitting diodes through power electrodes of keys are connected to the negative output pole of the driver. The use of keys 4.1, 4.2, … 4.N and the ring impulse generator 3 ensures reliable functioning of the offered LED radiator when using only one driver that will significantly reduce its cost.
EFFECT: improvement of reliability of LED radiator and reduction of its cost.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. A lighting system for the intensification of the facility visual appearance comprises a lighting unit (5) in order to ensure intensifying lighting and a light register (1) intended for the registration of light reflection by the lighted facility. Reference lighting is mixed up (8) with intensifying lighting. Data on reflected light is filtered (9) in order to filter reflection data (1) from reference lighting. These data are used for the computation of intensified lighting in a processing unit (3).
EFFECT: high efficiency of the lighting system.
13 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting installation (1) comprises input pins (2) for connection to alternating current (AC) network; a circuit (10) of light-emitting diodes (LED) connected in series with input pins; rectifier (30) with input pins (31, 32) connected in series with LED circuit, controllable voltage source (40) with input pins coupled to output pins of the rectifier; in-series assembly of at least one auxiliary LED (51) and the second ballast resistor (52) coupled to output pins of the controllable voltage source. Voltage source comprises in-series assembly of the fist controllable resistor (46) and the second resistor (47) coupled in parallel to input pins; controllable semiconductor stabilitron connected in parallel to output pins, which has input pin (48) connected at connection point between two resistors; at that positive output pin is connected to positive input pin while negative output pin is connected to negative input pin.
EFFECT: simplified regulation of the device in regard to luminous power and luminous efficiency shift to lower colour temperature.
7 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device has block for connection to AC current source, converter for forming a DC current source and light diode group, consisting of multiple light diodes. Light diode group is provided with block for prior telling of service duration, including counter for measuring power-on period on basis of frequency of AC current source, integration device for power feeding, which is measured by counter, and for recording integrated value in energy-independent memory device and device for controlling power feeding mode for controlling light level of diodes in different modes, including normal lighting modes. Prior messaging block is meant for integration of power-on period for output of forwarding message, indicating approach of service duration end.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.
10 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; railway traffic control light signals.
SUBSTANCE: proposed controlled light-emitting diode light signal contains N transformers whose primary windings are connected in series aiding and connected to supply source through contact of signal relay and power electrodes of transistor, and each of N secondary windings of transformers is connected through protective diodes with corresponding group of light-emitting diodes consisting of K light-emitting diodes connected in series aiding. Each of K x N light-emitting diodes of groups is optically coupled with each of parallel connected K x N photoresistors. Light signal contains resistor and comparator circuit where first point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistors is connected to point of connection of contact of signal relay and transformer, and second point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistor is connected to first output of resistor and input of comparator circuit. Comparator circuit consists of differential amplifier whose first input is connected with common contact of voltage drop relay, its front and resting contacts are connected to first and second sources of reference voltage, respectively, second input of differential amplifier being input of comparator circuit whose output connected to control input of pulse generator being output of differential amplifier. Second output of resistor is connected with point of connection of one of power electrodes of transistor and supply source. Invention makes it possible to control brightness of light-emitting diodes and stabilize radiation, and it provides possibility of double reduction of voltage and blackout.
EFFECT: provision of reliable control of light signal.
FIELD: municipal equipment of residential houses and industrial buildings, namely automatic systems for controlling electric parameters, namely apparatuses for automatic control of different-designation illuminating devices.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes primary pulse-type photo-converter with built-in photo detector forming output pulse-width modulated information signal; secondary converter including micro-controller, shaping amplifier, switch, display module, power unit, inductor, unit for controlling illumination, switching controller of power supply of mains. Secondary converter includes in addition real-time clock and standby power source. Primary pulse-type photo-converter is connected with secondary converter by means of two-wire line that is connected with inlet of shaping amplifier and first terminal of inductor at one side and outlet of primary pulse type converter at other side. Outlet of shaping amplifier is connected with first inlet of micro-controller whose second inlet is connected with switch. Third inlet of micro-controller is connected with outlet of real-time clock. First outlet of micro-controller is connected with first inlet of power unit. Second outlet of micro-controller is connected with inlet of display module. Inlet of illumination control module is connected with third outlet of micro-controller. AC supply mains is connected with second inlet of power unit whose first outlet is connected with second terminal of inductor. Second outlet of power unit is connected with inlet of standby power source whose outlet is connected with respective inlet of real time clock. Outlet of illumination control unit is connected with connected in parallel first inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. AC mains is connected with second (connected in parallel) inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. Connected in parallel outlets of said switching controllers through load (illuminating lamps) are connected with zero wire of AC mains.
EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability and safety of apparatus.
7 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering; starting and operating circuits for gas-discharge lamps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device designed for use in gas-discharge lamps of high starting voltage amounting to about 4 kV, such as high-pressure sodium vapor lamps, xenon and metal halide lamps that enables starting two lamps at a time from ac 220 V supply mains has dc current supply whose output is connected through series-interconnected converter and rectifier to input of inverter whose common input is connected to common inputs of inverter and rectifier and output, to its inverting output through two series-connected lamps; novelty is introduction of two voltage sensors, current sensor, second inverter, voltage multiplier, switch, capacitor, two delay circuits, OR circuit and NAND circuit; common output of dc current supply is connected to common inputs of two voltage sensors, multiplier, and through current sensor, to common inputs of converter and switch; output of dc current supply is connected to input of second inverter whose output is connected through multiplier to midpoint of two lamps and to capacitor electrode, other electrode of capacitor being connected to input of inverter; output of first voltage sensor is connected to input of NAND circuit and to input of first delay circuit whose inverting output is connected to input of OR circuit whose other input is connected to output of second voltage sensor and output, to clear inputs of converter and inverter, to control input of switch, and to input of second delay circuit whose output is connected to other input of NAND circuit; output of the latter is connected to clear input of second inverter; switch input is connected to rectifier output and current sensor output is connected to control input of converter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency, service life, power factor, and light stability; reduced power requirement.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: lighting equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.
EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.
20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.
SUBSTANCE: device additionally has digital counters and comparators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.
EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.
SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes band filters, included in each light source between output of controlled modulator and transformer control circuit, and amplitude modulator, connected along control chain to adjustable generator and connected between power source and light source.
EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.
FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, emergency lighting equipment for industrial quarters.
SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes delay circuits and pulse generators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.
EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.
FIELD: engineering of devices for controlling electric light sources, in particular, lighting or illumination systems, which use light diodes in their construction.
SUBSTANCE: by means of personal computer, using specialized graphic software, a frame of required light diode illumination is formed. By means of color pattern, each imitator of light diode module is colored. After forming of one frame, other frames are formed, which require to be colored in similar way. Number of frames is determined by given model of illumination. As a result, animated cinematic is produced, which reflects appearance of illumination model. After that, programmed model is transferred to flash memory of controller through RS-485 interface port. Then, controller outputs aforementioned data into loop line with light diode modules.
EFFECT: using device for decorative or primary lighting of architectural objects makes possible fast generation of complicated and various models and types of illumination and backlight, with possible control over each module.
2 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: technology for providing power to auxiliary devices of a light.
SUBSTANCE: power of one or several auxiliary devices 26 of light is extracted from lamp power impulse series, fed by phase light controller 28. Direct current power block 44 is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to produce and store direct current energy for powering auxiliary devices. Controller 48 of lamp is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to transfer power of power impulses to lamp 24. Lamp controller 48 has adjustable impulse transfer characteristic for powering the lamp not to interfere with its operation due to alterations to power consumed by auxiliary devices. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic may be provided with switching device 76, which either interrupts or blocks selected parts of lamp power impulses. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic maintains constant apparent brightness of lamp, independently on changes of power consumption by auxiliary devices. In disabled state or in preliminary heating mode transfer of power to lamp 24 is decreased to avoid emission of visible light. In full brightness mode lamp power impulses are practically left unchanged by lamp controller 48.
EFFECT: provision of power to auxiliary devices without using auxiliary force cables and without interfering with operation of light.
3 cl, 16 dwg