Portable illumination device

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: illumination device comprises a metal element 1, light-emitting device 2, on-off switch 3, low-voltage source 4 (accumulator-based), resistor 5, the first and second diodes 6, 7. An anode of the first diode 6 and a cathode of the second diode 7 are jointed and connected to the metal element 1. The metal element 1 should be rather made of tin with the surface area of at least 20 square centimetres. Additional charging of accumulators for a low-voltage source 4 feeding the light-emitting device 2 is made by energy generated during the rectification of electric oscillations occurring as a result of the heat motion of the metal element 1 particles.

EFFECT: development of a universal mobile portable and durable energy-saving illumination device with a long-term continuous operation.

5 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used in portable devices with continuous charging of batteries in low-voltage supply operation in the various fields of activity, including for personal, household, utility, utilities, industrial, military, medical use, as well as in places far from the external power grid (in the woods, fishing, etc.) in field conditions.

Known portable lighting device in the form of an electric lamp, comprising a housing, a light emitting device (led), a switching element, batteries, and running from an external network device to charge batteries and power sources are two serially connected to the battery by three volt size "A", "AA", "AAA" cells (see application for invention No. 2010103878, IPC F21S 9/00, publ. 10.08.2011).

A disadvantage of such devices is small an expiration date associated with the use of batteries and their replacement, and therefore the need to manufacture and delivery to the place of work. Stock of batteries is impractical to keep in connection with the expiry of their shelf life, caused irreversible chemical processes in batteries. Another disadvantage is the need�completely device charging his batteries working from the external network.

The closest to the proposed is a portable energy-saving lighting device, comprising a housing, a light emitting device in the form of a lamp, the ballast element, the first and second switching elements, batteries, ballast element and the resistor connected with one output to the output of the ballast element and the battery, and the other output to the terminal of the second switching element (see U.S. patent No. 4962347, IPC H02J 7/04, publ. 09.10.2011 G. - prototype).

The duration of continuous operation of the known device is not more than 4 hours in places remote from the external power grid. The batteries must be periodically removed to be recharged using electrical energy generated during operation of the power plants.

The technical result of the invention is to provide a compact portable universal mobile power-saving lighting device with high time (up to 8 hours of continuous operation without replacement of batteries and charging from the external power grid with minimal effort into making it.

The technical result is achieved in that the portable lighting device containing a light-emitting device, connected to one output with the first output of the switch, a source of low voltage supply and a resistor connected by one output to the first output of the low-voltage supply source, introduced metallic element, first and second diodes, the anode of the first diode and the cathode of the second diode is combined and connected with a metal element, a cathode of the first diode is connected to the second conclusions, respectively, of the switch and the source of low voltage supply, the anode of the second diode connected to the first output of the low-voltage supply source and the second resistor output connected to the second output of the light-emitting device.

It is preferable to have a metal element of arbitrary shape, including in the form of a plate, the housing of the lighting device or its parts.

Preferably the metallic element to perform from steel sheets with a surface area of at least 20 square centimeters.

Advantageously the light emitting device to perform at least one light emitting diode, the anode and cathode of which are respectively the first and the second output of the specified device.

Preferably, the source of low voltage supply to perform at least one rechargeable battery, the negative and positive terminals of which are respectively the first and second findings of the specified source.

Summary of the invention to provide a battery low-voltage source powering the light-emitting device, the energy resulting from the rectified�I electrical oscillations, resulting from thermal motion of particles of a metallic element in a portable lighting device.

When conducting patent research solutions are not found identical statements, and, therefore, the proposed solution meets the criterion of "novelty." The invention should not be explicitly known solutions, therefore, the proposed invention meets the criterion of "inventive step".

Fig.1 shows a diagram of a portable lighting device.

Fig.1 the following notation:

1 - metallic element;

2 - light-emitting device;

3 - switch;

4 - the source of low voltage supply (batteries);

5 - resistor;

6, the first diode;

7 is a second diode.

Portable energy-saving lighting device comprises a metal element 1, the light emitting device 2, connected to one output with the first output of the switch 3, the source 4 low-voltage supply, a resistor 5 connected by one output to the first output 4 low-voltage supply, first and second diodes 6, 7. The anode of the first diode 6 and the cathode of the second diode 7 are United and connected with the metal element 1. The cathode of the first diode 6 is connected to the second conclusions, respectively, of the switch 3 and the source 4 low-voltage supply. The anode of the second d�ode 7 is connected to the first output 4 low-voltage supply, and the resistor 5 a second output connected to the second output of the light-emitting device 2. As the first and second diodes 6, 7 you can use the rectified diodes high frequency diodes.

Preferably the metal element 1 to perform the tin with a surface area of not less than 20 square centimeters.

Light-emitting device 2 includes at least one light emitting diode, the anode and cathode of which are respectively the first and second specified output device 2.

Source 4 low-voltage supply is one or more batteries. The negative and positive terminals of the battery are respectively the first and second findings of the specified power source 4. Metal element 1 may have any form, including in the form of a plate (as shown in Fig.1), the housing of the portable lighting device or a part thereof (Fig. not shown).

As the battery it is advisable to use penlight batteries company Cameliobn with a total voltage of 4.4 volts (4 pieces). As an energy source for recharging the low-voltage source 4 power used metallic element 1 is made, in particular in the form of a plate of roofing tin area of not less than 20 cm2and a thickness of 0.9 mm.

In all subjects, PR�conducting current at temperature significantly different from absolute zero, there are electromagnetic vibrations, noises. If these oscillations are rectified, the resulting energy is enough to recharge the batteries and work from these batteries diverse means of lighting from flashlights, lamps lighting etc. And such noises exist in the conductors everywhere (in the remote villages, in attics, in cellars and caves, etc.) that allows you to recharge the batteries and have an electric light in places where fuel delivery is difficult or impractical. As a result, you can charge the batteries regardless of the availability of fuel and electricity.

Portable energy saving device (Fig.1) lighting work as. Battery low-voltage source 4 power have consistently. Electrical energy from a specified source 4 is conducted to the light-emitting device 2 (e.g., LEDs) through the mechanism of the switch 3, located between the source 4 low-voltage and light-emitting device 2. Light-emitting device 2 shines, receiving energy from the source 4 low-voltage supply. The proposed device is capable of continuously Shine (brightly) due to the energy barrier from the potential difference of the first and second diodes 6 7 (existing in all the diodes), and at the expense of producing electrical energy from the rectification of thermal noise fluctuations of the metal element 1, in particular from sheet metal. Thermal noise exists in all conductors, including any metal. Real energy is stored in compact batteries company Chameleon.

The proposed device allows you to recharge the source 4 low-voltage supply (battery) energy from thermal noise existing in the metallic member 1. Fully charged batteries, the brightness of the lamp is reduced, but he shines a very long time. Restores brightness to the same level when you turn off the portable device for lighting and recharging batteries.

Prototypes of the proposed device is capable of continuously illuminate the hallway. Portable energy saving device design which used one led light, designed for a voltage of three volts, can work all night, since it consumes little power from batteries that are recharged by the energy of the noise. In it, the batteries can be recharged directly from the energy of thermal noise Explorer - metallic element 1, anywhere, anytime and for a long time (up to three years).

The scope of the proposed portable devices - any low-power consumers, which allows using them on�reamer, in portable portable energy-saving lamps, nightlights, flashlights, indicators, annunciators, lights clothes, toys, trinkets, jewelry, computers, mini-greenhouses, aquariums, continuously operating light equipment, airfields, garages, Parking lots, entrances, corridors, advertising signs, signs, pedestrian crossings, the interiors of vehicles. An important area of application areas where extremely undesirable any power outage, which can lead to death. Such zones may include zones of lighting equipment of airfields, where short outage lighting may lead to the death of the crews and passengers of aircraft, zones of emergency lighting in medical institutions, including hospitals, surgical wards, etc.

We offer portable energy-saving lighting device is characterized by universality, portability, compactness, ease of manufacture and need not be tied to a particular location or region, in sunlight or temperature difference.

1. Portable lighting device containing a light-emitting device, connected to one output with the first output of the switch, a source of low voltage supply and a resistor connected by one output to the first output of the source of the bottom�voltage power characterized in that the introduced metal element, the first and second diodes, the anode of the first diode and the cathode of the second diode is combined and connected with a metal element, a cathode of the first diode is connected to the second conclusions, respectively, of the switch and the source of low voltage supply, the anode of the second diode connected to the first output of the low-voltage supply source and the second resistor output connected to the second output of the light-emitting device.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the metallic element has an arbitrary shape including a plate, the housing or a part thereof.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the metal element is made of steel sheets with a surface area of at least 20 cm2.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the light-emitting device comprises at least one light emitting diode, the anode and cathode of which are respectively the first and the second output of the specified device.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the low-voltage supply source represents at least one battery, the negative and positive terminals of which are respectively the first and second findings of this source.



 

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