Smart controllable lighting networks and circuit for them

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Systems, networks, devices and methods for development, implementation and sharing of lighting circuits between controllable lighting networks are described. The network (101, 601, 701, 801, 808) according to the invention keeps the lighting circuits developed for network in the remote data storage (802). Other networks (301) address remote data storages for selection of existing circuits for implementation. Also the systems, networks, devices and methods for sharing by user choice between the controllable lighting networks are described. The networks according to the invention can get access to the shared remote data storage (112) for identification of user preferences at detection of a user by sensors in the network. In essence, individual lighting networks can use known user preferences or trained behaviours and environment conditions for more efficient adaptation to such behaviour, preferences or conditions.

EFFECT: improvement of efficient control of lighting.

15 cl, 13 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

 

The technical field TO WHICH the INVENTION RELATES

The present invention generally relates to systems and lighting systems. More specifically, various methods, systems and devices of the invention described in this document relate to the design and implementation of schemes in managed networks for lighting and sharing schemes between controllable lighting networks.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

Digital lighting technologies, i.e. illumination based on semiconductor light sources such as light emitting diodes (LEDs), offer a viable alternative to traditional fluorescent lamps, the lamps high-intensity discharge (HID) and incandescent lamps. Functional advantages and benefits of LEDs include high energy conversion and high optical efficiency, durability, low maintenance costs and many others. Recent advances in LED technology have provided efficient and reliable sources of full spectrum lighting, which make possible the numerous lighting effects in many applications. Some of the devices that incorporate these sources are characterized by the lighting module, including one or more LEDs capable of creating different colors, e.g. red, green and blue, and a processor for independent control� " s output signal LED, to generate numerous colors and lighting effects with color-changing, for example, as described in detail in U.S. patents Nos. 6016038 and 6211626, incorporated herein by reference.

It has been shown, ensuring the control of personal lighting for office workers to improve employee satisfaction, while offering substantial energy savings. Recent developments in digital lighting technologies, such as lighting systems based on LED, has made the reality of precise control of digital or solid-state lighting. Consequently, the currently used system based on the lights that are programmed to respond to certain events or implementation of previously entered user preferences.

From the point of view of the user, the described system and method for implementing lighting control often offer little more than the dimming of the lamp in accordance with a previously entered preferences. For example, in the described systems and methods of lighting preferences of the user for a specific environment can be programmed by the administrator of the building. The system can then control the light environment to implement the preferred location lighting. Thus, the office worker who prefers to have your workplace brightly lit�th, or, alternatively, dimly lit, can be programmed accordingly by the administrator. Similarly, managers can schedule periods "on" and "off" in accordance with the operation mode of the user to save energy.

As an additional example, one known system is characterized by direct-indirect fluorescent fixtures with integrated sensors of employment and natural light, which enable communication with the Central controller via a hardware-implemented network via RS-485. The Central controller then communicates with desktop computers on a local area network (LAN). This system allows the office staff to adjust the lighting of jobs (direct) and lighting of the external environment (indirect) over their jobs and to turn on and off lighting workplace lighting and external environment, using management software personal lighting installed on their computers. The system also allows office managers to assign control of individual fixtures, groups, zones and the entire network lighting; unblock and block the sensors natural light lamps; unblock and block the sensors of employment of lamps; ask sageretia employment; to set the lamp lighting place of work and outside lighting; unblock and block load reduction; create detailed reports on energy consumption; and to plan daily, weekly, monthly and annual events. In this sense, this system and similar conventional products can be considered as the extension of building management systems that control heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) and subsystems security.

Were described lighting system that cause the execution of the lighting controllers command or set of commands, sometimes referred to as a lighting scenario, when detecting the occurrence of the event or in accordance with predetermined time sequences. For example, one described the system uses software that allows the lighting designer to create a lighting scenario by setting the changes in color and intensity of multiple lamps in time and a memory that stores a lighting scenario for the subsequent performance. Controllers lighting for places of theatrical and entertainment events allow the lighting designer to record and edit timing sequences for hundreds or thousands of luminaires. Have also been described lighting systems, to�which include the possibility of execution of pre-recorded lighting scenes in response to external events, such as, for example, circuit breaker, analog signals and network teams. One described the system activates or regulates the light upon detection of reception of the email message, you receive a phone call or alarm. Another described the system activates the light, using voice recognition or words; implements another template of lighting upon detection of the person making the gestures. The lighting controllers in such systems may include simple logical functions or conditions, such as a logical function, which executes the script lighting only when two events or conditions occur simultaneously. For example, the lighting scenario can be executed, if triggered proximity switch, photo sensor indicates that the sun went down. Such lighting scenarios, however, are not changed after they are written, unless the lighting designer will not change them manually.

Have also been described lighting system, in which a person may enter their lighting preferences for specific locations, and a Central controller can perform a lighting scenario for instructing LEDs or other light sources and implement the individual's preferences. In one described system, the lighting system may receive inputs indicating th� person the duration of human presence or identification of the presence of a particular person or people present in this place by, for example, magnetic swiping a badge or biometric evaluation. The described system can then implement different lighting scenarios depending on whether the person is, as long there is a man, and what man is there. These systems also can choose different lighting scenarios depending on the number of people in the room or from the direction toward which turned the face of people. In one described system of lighting devices and other sources of energy are switched on or off depending on the information in the electronic calendar of the person.

Some described the lighting system can receive information relating to the presence of a person or preferences of the person from the device carried by the user. For example, described in some systems, the card reader can detect the presence of cards, wearable by a user, which may then cause the inclusion of the light system when, for example, the user enters the room and turning the lights off when the user leaves the room. In other described lighting systems, user preferences are stored on the mobile device or ka�point. When the user moves, the data can be transferred to devices and systems that are able to agree on the parameters under their control with stored preferences (for example, to adjust the light or change the color of the light), or through automatic discovery cards, or in other systems by inserting the card into the reader of the cards.

However, in the various described systems, implementing user preferences or by implementing lighting scenarios when an event occurs, preferences or or scenarios are (1) specific locations and are not executable in a different location, or (2) necessarily transported by the user for implementation in other locations or on other networks. Essentially, there are no systems that allow for user preferences or lighting scenario in the system, except those in which user preferences have been programmed, unless the user moves the device that stores his or her preferences.

In addition, have been described lighting system that can track user actions and perceived environmental parameters for learning user preferences for a particular environment. For example, some systems can track how the user led or chose installation in Dan�a crowded environment during the period of time to create the user's preference for this environment. In other known systems, the device can follow the script of light until, until you identify the specific action. Other systems can track how the user reacts to a given set of environmental conditions, and create a rule for future implementation in this environment. One described the lighting control system has an Autonomous management and control event-based. This system is described as implementing the control system by means of fuzzy logic in which the rules base rules determine the output of the system based on the fuzzy inputs or events. Currently, however, there is no way for systems at remote locations to take advantage of preferences, trained other systems than the user carrying the device, containing his or her preferences.

Essentially, there are disadvantages associated with known systems. For example, the known systems mainly belong to the Autonomous closed-loop systems to control lighting or other devices. To user preferences have been implemented in a different environment, or to trained parameters were implemented in a different environment, the user must have a device that stores his or her preferences�Oia. Essentially, one disadvantage of these systems is the inability of the joint use of the trained parameters, including information trained through tracking individual and systemic actions with other systems.

Thus, there is a need in the prior art with systems, methods and devices that can include, to study and interpret the preferences of the system and the user, rules or schemes and share such preferences, rules or scheme between managed networks, lighting systems and users.

Summary of the INVENTION

The present disclosure relates to methods and apparatus of the invention for training and/or application of the system, group and/or user preferences, rules or schemes in managed networks lighting. Such systems and methods can be referred to as the system and/or network interactive modified dip (IMI). The present disclosure also relates to methods and apparatus of the invention for sharing such preferences and rules, or schemas, between managed networks and lighting systems.

Basically, in one aspect, the present disclosure relates to a lighting control system that includes a first memory, and network. The first memory stores data personally�about preferences, relevant to many users, these personal preferences corresponding to each of multiple users, including at least one personalized lighting parameter for each user. The network is in a location remote from the first memory, and includes at least one light source having a controllable output signal, and a second memory that stores a schema, where the schema includes at least one lighting parameter. The network also includes a system of sensors that detects the identification of the current user and actuator module connected with at least one light source, the second memory and sensors. The Executive module includes a controller and takes the identity of the current user from the system sensors. Executive module communicates with the first memory for data definition personal preferences corresponding to the current user.

In one embodiment of the actuator module modifies the schema to match the personalized parameter light current user, and the Executive module converts (translates) the modified schema into instructions for controlling the setting of the output signal of the light source. In neotrigonia of this variant implementation, the Executive module translates the modified scheme in the instructions by interpreting the modified scheme in accordance with the setting of the output signal at least one light source. In some versions of this embodiment of the actuator module stores the modified scheme in the second memory. In another embodiment of the sensor system detects the absence of the current user, the executing module revises the modified scheme to match the default lighting and actuator module saves the revised scheme in the second memory.

According to some variants of implementation, the sensor system detects the additional identification of the user. The Executive module receives the identification of the further user from the system of sensors, communicates with the first memory for data definition personal preferences corresponding to the additional user, generates the shared personalized lighting parameter, is reviewing the scheme to match the shared personalized parameter lighting, revised and translates the schema into instructions for controlling the setting of the output signal of the light source. In some versions of this embodiment of the actuator module generates the shared personalized lighting parameter by averaging personalisierte�tion parameter light current user and personalized setting lighting additional user. In other versions of this embodiment of the actuator module generates the shared personalized lighting parameter by selecting one of the personalized parameter light current user and personalized option of additional lighting.

The sensor system detects the identity of the current user by detecting radio frequency identification card, carried by the current user, in one embodiment of the implementation. In another embodiment of the sensor system detects the identity of the current user by detecting biometric data corresponding to the current user.

In some embodiments, the sensor system detects environmental data and behavioural data, and the Executive module modifies the scheme in accordance with at least one of environmental data and behavioral data.

In other embodiments, the second memory stores a number of schemes. Executive module selects one of the plurality of circuits depending on the personal preferences of the current user, and the Executive module translates the selected scheme in the instructions to control the plant output signal of the light source. In the d�ugih embodiments, the sensor system detects the output of the light source, pointing error at least one light source, and the Executive module sends a signal to repair to the light source to correct the error operation.

According to some variants of implementation, the network includes schematization to generate the schema. In other embodiments, at least one light source is a lamp. In other embodiments, at least one light source includes a plurality of light sources that communicate with each other using at least one of the wired lines, wireless communication lines, radio communication and optical communication lines. In some embodiments, at least one light source includes at least one light source light and at least one light source brightness. In other embodiments, the network also includes a mediation module and an Executive module communicates with the second memory through communication with the module-mediator.

In another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a lighting control system that includes a system of sensors to monitor system parameters, at least one light source and an Executive module. At least one source� light is in communication with the sensor system over the network, and at least one light source has operated installation of the output signal. The Executive module is in communication with the sensor system and at least one light source over the network and is in communication with the remote memory that stores at least one circuit on the communication line. The Executive module includes a controller and takes the observed system parameters from the sensors and sends a request to the schema on the remote memory, where the request includes information indicating at least one of the observed system parameters. The Executive module receives the schema from a remote database and converts the schema into instructions for controlling the units of the output signal of at least one light source.

In one embodiment, the implementation of at least one light source includes at least one lamp. In another embodiment, the implementation of the observed system parameters relate to one or more people. In this embodiment, the implementation of the observed system parameters include at least one of: the presence of one or more persons, identifying one or more persons, the location of one or more persons, the presence of one or more persons, gestures of one or more persons, one action�about or more persons, persons one or more persons and the sound emitted by one or more people. In another embodiment, the implementation of the observed system parameters include at least one of: an output signal from at least one light source, the level of external light, the amount of natural light, motion, temperature, humidity, weather and noise.

According to one embodiment of the this aspect of the Executive module is located in one of the at least one light source. In an additional embodiment of the actuator module are distributed by multiple light sources. In versions of this embodiment of multiple light sources communicate with each other using at least one of the wired lines, wireless communication lines, radio communication and optical communication lines.

According to other variants of implementation, the Executive module includes a controller, a memory, an interface to facilitate communication with at least one of the light source and sensors, and interface to facilitate communication with the remote memory via the communication line. In other embodiments, the communications link is a wireless link and a wired communication line.

In some embodiments, the OSU�of estline the system Executive module converts the diagram in the instructions by interpreting the scheme in accordance with the setting of the output signal of at least one light source.

Another aspect of the present disclosure is a method for implementing a lighting control system. Method involves taking on the Executive module, which includes a controller, the observed system parameters from the system sensors. The method also includes the transfer to the data warehouse query schema, wherein the request includes information indicating at least one of the observed system parameters, where the data store is located in a location remote from the Executive module. Furthermore, the method includes receiving at the Executive module schema from the data warehouse and transformation Executive module schema into instructions for controlling the units of the output signal of at least one light source.

In some embodiments of this method the reception of the observed system parameters includes receiving the identification of the current user. In this embodiment, the implementation of the forwarded request includes information indicating the identity of the current user, and the approved scheme includes the lighting parameters according to the preferences of the current user. In other embodiments, the method includes storing the received scheme in local memory. In other embodiments, conversion�s involves the interpretation of the Executive module of the scheme in accordance with the settings of the output signal of at least one light source.

In another aspect, the present disclosure relates to the Executive module for use in a lighting control system. The Executive module includes a sensor interface, the interface of the light source, the interface schematization, memory and the controller. The sensor interface is designed to receive the observed system parameters from the system sensors. The interface of the light source is designed to transmit control parameters to at least one light source. Interface schematization is designed to transmit the query to the schema on the remote schematization, where the request includes information indicating at least one of the observed system parameters. Interface schematization also designed to accept a schema from the remote schematization. The memory stores the observed system parameters and scheme. The controller translates the schema into instructions for controlling the units of the output signal of at least one light source.

In one embodiment, the implementation of the sensor interface is designed to receive additional observable system parameters, and the processor is additionally intended for modification of the scheme to compensate for the additional observed system parameters. In another embodiment of the controller additionally intended interpretation of the scheme in �accordance with the settings of the output signal of at least one light source.

In another aspect the present disclosure relates to a lighting control system. The system includes a first memory, and network. The first memory stores the data of personal preference, corresponding to multiple users, data and personal preferences corresponding to each of the plurality of users include at least one personalized lighting parameter for each user. The network is in a location remote from the first memory, and includes at least one light source, having managed the installation of the output signal. The network also includes a system of sensors that detects the identification of the current user, and the Executive module connected with at least one light source, the second memory and sensors. The Executive module includes a controller and a second memory that stores at least one standard parameter lighting. The Executive module receives the identification of the current user from the system of sensors, communicates with the first memory for data definition personal preferences corresponding to the current user, and modifies the default setting of lighting to match the personalized parameter light current user. Used�enforcement module converts personalized lighting parameter in the instruction to control the plant output signal of the light source.

Another aspect of the present disclosure is a method for implementing a lighting control system. Method involves taking on the Executive module, which includes a controller, the observed system parameters from the system of sensors indicating the identification of the current user. The method also includes transmitting a request for data of personal lighting preferences corresponding to the current user, a data repository where the data store is located in a location remote from the Executive module. The method also includes receiving at the Executive module data personal lighting preferences corresponding to the current user from the data store and convert received data personal lighting preferences in the instructions to control the plant output signal of at least one lamp.

In another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a lighting control system that includes a system of sensors that accepts input data about the environment, and the input environmental data includes at least one user ID. The lighting control system also includes at least one light source, having managed the installation of the output signal, and store d�nnyh schematic storing the schema, wherein the schema includes one or more of the characteristic of the user schema, schema group, characteristic for the system schema and shared system diagrams. Each of the stored circuit includes at least one rule to control the plant output signal of the light source. The lighting control system also includes schematization in communication with the sensor system and the data store schema, and schematization determines which schemas in the data warehouse schema is applicable, taking into account the input environmental data, and generates a set of applicable rules to control the plant output signal of at least one light source. The lighting control system also includes an actuator module connected to at least one light source and schematization. The Executive module includes a controller, and the Executive module takes the set of applicable rules from schematization and translates at least one rule in the set of applicable rules in the instructions for managing the installation of the output signal of the light source.

In some embodiments, the data store schema is located in a location remote from at least one light source. According to some variants of implementation of schematize�'or continuously monitors the input environmental data to determine what is applicable to the schema in the data warehouse schema. In some embodiments, schematization generates a set of applicable rules by averaging the output signal installations rules applicable schemes; in some embodiments, schematization generates a set of applicable rules by assigning priority rules applicable to the schema.

According to some variants of implementation of the set of applicable rules is revised characteristic for the system schema. In another embodiment, the implementation of at least one light source includes a plurality of light sources that communicate with each other using at least one of the wired lines, wireless communication lines, radio communication and optical communication lines. In other embodiments, the Executive module translates the at least one rule in the instructions by interpreting at least one rule in accordance with the setting of the output signal of at least one light source.

In another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a method for implementing a lighting control system. The method includes receiving input data about the environment, and the input environmental data includes at least one identifier floor�friendly, and accessing data storage scheme for extracting at least one of the applicable scheme, taking into account the input data about the environment, and at least one applicable circuit includes rules to control the plant output signal of at least one light source. The method also includes the decision rules associated to at least one applicable scheme for determining the set of working rules to control the plant output signal of at least one light source and translating business rules into instructions to control the plant output signal of at least one light source.

According to some variants of implementation of the data warehouse scheme is located in a location remote from at least one light source. In some embodiments, the method additionally includes continuous monitoring of environmental data to determine which schemes are applicable. In some embodiments, the decision includes averaging the output signal installations rules applicable schemes for determining the set of working rules. In some embodiments, the decision includes the purpose of the priority rules applicable schemes to determine the set �otor rules.

According to some variants of implementation of this method a set of operating rules is the revised system scheme. In another embodiment, the implementation of translation involves the interpretation of the operating rules in accordance with the setting of the output signal of at least one light source.

In another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a method for implementing a lighting control system. Method involves taking on the Executive module, which includes a controller, the sensed system parameters from the system of sensors indicating the identification of the current user, and passing the request on the schema corresponding to the current user, the data store where the data store is located in a location remote from the Executive module. The method also includes receiving at the Executive module diagram corresponding to the current user, from the data storage and conversion scheme adopted in the instructions to control the plant output signal of at least one lamp.

In some embodiments, the implementation of the approved scheme is personalized for the current user. In some embodiments, the implementation of the approved scheme is personalized for the user group, and the group of users includes the current user. In other Varian�Ah the implementation of the transformation involves the interpretation adopted by the scheme in accordance with the setting of the output signal of at least one lamp.

In still another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a lighting control system that includes a memory storing circuits, each circuit includes at least one rule. The system also includes a network at a location remote from the memory. The network includes at least one light source, having managed the installation of the output signal, wherein the sensor system detects the identity of the current user, and the Executive module. The Executive module is in communication with at least one light source and the sensor system. The Executive module receives the identification of the current user from the system of sensors, communicates with the memory for receiving diagram corresponding to the current user, and translates the received schema into instructions for controlling the setting of the output signal of at least one light source.

In some embodiments, the implementation of the approved scheme is personalized for the current user. In other embodiments, implementation of the approved scheme is personalized for the user group, and the group of users includes the current user. In other embodiments, the Executive module translates the scheme adopted by the interpretation adopted by the scheme in accordance with the setting of the output si�Nala at least one light source.

You must understand that all combinations of the above ideas and additional ideas are described in more detail below (provided that such ideas are not mutually incompatible), are considered as part of the subject invention described in this document. In particular, all combinations of claimed subject matter, at the end of this disclosure are considered part of the subject invention described in this document. Also you should understand that terminology explicitly used in this document, which may be in any disclosure incorporated by reference should match the value that is most consistent with specific ideas described in this document.

BRIEF description of the DRAWINGS

In the drawings similar reference designators, basically refer to the same elements on different types. Also, the drawings are not necessarily made to scale, instead of special importance mainly given to illustrate the principles of the invention.

Fig.1 depicts a block diagram of an exemplary interactive system modified dip (IMI) system according to embodiments of the invention, in which the data, rules and/or diagrams of user preferences stored in the remote database.

Fig.2 illustrates a block diagram of lighting network according to embodiments of�of westline of the invention, which uses the schema.

Fig.3 depicts a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, where the rules of the user data or user preferences can be shared between networks of lighting.

Fig.4 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary personal identifier according to some embodiments of the invention.

Fig.5 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary Executive module according to some embodiments of the invention.

Fig.6 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary network of lighting according to embodiments of the invention, which use the schema.

Fig.7 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, which uses the schema, and can be shared rules user preferences or data.

Fig.8A illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, which can be shared schema and data preferences.

Fig.8B illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, which can be shared schema and data preferences, and the intermediary (the agent) is used for communication with remote resources.

Fig.9A illustrates a block diagram of IP�resident students of light for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, in which the Executive module is a part of the light source.

Fig.9B illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, in which the Executive module is distributed to the light sources.

Fig.9C illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, in which each light source includes an Executive module.

Fig.9D illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention in which the light sources is carried out the optical connection.

Fig.9E illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention in which the light sources communicate using multiple protocols.

Fig.10 illustrates a block diagram of placement of lighting network according to embodiments of the invention.

Fig.11 is a block diagram of the sequence of operations illustrating a modification of the system diagrams according to some embodiments of the invention.

Fig.12 is a block diagram of the sequence of operations illustrating the implementation of the preferred�plants user or schema from a remote database according to some embodiments of the invention, taking into account of the preferences or scheme for more than one user.

Fig.13 is a block diagram of the sequence of operations illustrating the implementation of user preferences or circuits from a remote database according to some embodiments of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Now reference is made to the detailed illustration of the embodiments of the invention, examples of which are shown in the accompanying drawings.

Below are described various implementations of the present technology and related ideas of the invention, including some implementations relating to interactive lighting systems that are aware of their environment. Such networks are particularly suitable for intelligent lighting in bars, restaurants, stadiums, Convention centers, museums, stores, shopping malls, Nightclubs, dance halls, public transport, waiting rooms, spaces of transition, airports, among other applications. You should understand, however, that the present disclosure is not limited to any particular manner of implementation, and that the various embodiments of the described explicitly in this document are intended primarily for illustrative purposes.

Described in this document, the technology relates to lighting systems that can work�AMB independently from each other and have access to shared data, determining personal lighting preferences. Illumination and/or brightness produced by these networks are controlled by the illumination, which represent one or more rules of operation of the light sources and sensors that are specific to the user, user group, system or set of systems. The system according to the invention can intelligently learn the preferences, rules and schemes and can be shared between networks of lighting.

Preceding the lighting control system were Autonomous, independent systems. In order to implement user preferences in a different environment, or trained parameters to implement in a different environment, the user had to wear a device that stores his or her preferences. Previous systems and networks also could not effectively trained to share options, including information obtained by the method of learning by tracking individual and systemic actions with other systems and networks.

The applicants understood and appreciated that it would be advantageous to make possible sharing schemes, which are based on data preferences between lighting networks that implement the system and method of lighting control. Consequently, aspects of the present invent�Oia are sharing schemes or rules between lighting networks or zones of lighting network. Individual lighting networks using these aspects, then you can use a previously defined schema or previously defined rules to better adapt their behaviour, preferences or conditions. Such systems and methods can be referred to as the system and/or network interactive modified dip (IMI) system. Individual IMI system can also interpret the schema or rules in accordance with the configuration, components and capabilities of the system.

Fig.1 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system 100 according to embodiments of the invention, in which the data user preferences, rules and/or diagrams stored in the repository 112 data preferences. As shown in Fig.1, in one embodiment, the implementation of the IMI system includes an exemplary network 101, which includes an illumination system 102, the system 104 sensors and control module 106. The term "network" as used herein refers to any interconnection of two or more devices (including controllers or processors) that facilitates the flow of information (e.g., device management, data storage, data exchange, etc.) between any two or more devices and/or among multiple connected devices. How to understand different�e implementation of networks suitable for inter-connecting multiple devices may include any of numerous network topologies and apply any of the numerous communication protocols. Additionally, in various networks according to the present disclosure, any one connection between two devices may represent a dedicated connection between two systems, or alternatively, the unselected connection. In addition to the transfer of information intended for the two devices, such unselected connection may carry information not necessarily intended for either of the two devices (for example, open a network connection). In addition, it should be understood that various networks of devices as described herein may employ one or more wireless, wire/cable and/or optical communication lines to facilitate the transport of information over the network 101 lighting.

The illumination system 102 may be any system that influence the environment of space, including a system for providing one or more of: luminance, brightness, or combination of illumination and brightness. In one embodiment, the implementation of the lighting system 102 may further include a system having an impact on the environment space, including, but not limited to, si�the subject to provide one or more of: fragrance, heating, ventilation, cooling, television, background music and/or sound. The illumination system 102 may include one or more light sources, such as one or more LEDs or lamps, with communication via the network 101 lighting. In one embodiment, the implementation of the lighting system 102 includes at least one light source, having managed the installation of the output signal. For example, the illumination system 102 may include a lamp, made with the possibility of changing its photometric output signal, or a lamp, made with the possibility to visualize the pictures of the light distribution. One or more of the light sources in the lighting system may also have one or more manual controls such as switches on/off or dimmer switches. Any adjustment of these elements of manual control by the user, and the context for any such adjustments, can be monitored by the Executive module 106 and used as input for the patterns of learning and preferences of users in the coverage area 101 of the lighting.

You must understand that the term "light source" refers to any one or more of the many sources of radiation, including, but not limited to, sources based on LEDs (including one or several� LED, defined above), incandescent sources (e.g., filament lamps, halogen lamps), fluorescent sources, phosphorescent sources, sources high-intensity discharge (e.g. mercury, sodium and metal halide lamps), lasers, other types of electroluminescent sources, bioluminescent sources (e.g., flames), getluminance sources (e.g. gas mantle mesh, radiation sources with carbon electrodes), photo-luminescent sources (e.g., gas discharge sources), cathodoluminescent sources using electronic satiation, galvanoplastia sources, crystallochemistry sources, chinauniversity sources, thermoluminescent sources, triboluminescent sources, sonoluminescent sources radio-luminescent sources, and luminescent polymers.

The light source may be configured to generate electromagnetic radiation in the visible spectrum, outside the visible spectrum or in combination thereof. Therefore, the terms "light" and "radiation" are used interchangeably in this document. Additionally, the light source may include as an integral component of the one or more filters (e.g., color filters, lenses or other optical components. Also, it should�should understand the light sources can be implemented for numerous applications, including, but not limited to, indication, display and/or illumination. "The illumination light source is a light source, which is specifically configured to generate radiation having a sufficient intensity to effectively illuminate an internal or external space. In this context, "sufficient intensity" refers to sufficient radiation power in the visible spectrum generated in the space or environment (the unit "lumens" often is used to represent the total light output of the light source in all directions in terms of radiation power or "luminous flux") to provide illumination to the external environment (i.e., light that may be perceived indirect, and which may be, for example, reflected from one or more of the numerous intermediate surfaces in front of his perception completely or partially).

The term "lighting fixture" or "lamp" is used herein to refer to the implementation or placement of one or more lighting units in a particular form factor, site or building. The term "lighting unit" is used herein to refer to a device that includes od�n or more light sources of same or different types. This lighting unit may have any one of the numerous installation devices source (s) of light, locations and shapes of the shell/casing and/or configurations of electrical and mechanical connections. In addition, a given lighting unit optionally may be associated with (e.g., include, be connected and/or mounted together with) various other components (e.g., control circuit) related to the work source (s) of light. "The lighting unit based on the LED" refers to a lighting unit that includes one or more light sources based on LEDs, as described above, alone or in combination with other light sources not based on LEDs. "Multi-channel" lighting unit refers to a lighting unit based on LED or not on the basis of LED, which includes at least two light sources adapted to respectively generate different radiation spectrum, and each different spectrum of the source can be referred to as "channel" multi-channel lighting unit.

There are numerous known intelligent lights and lamps that can be used as part of a system 102 lighting network lighting 101. In one embodiment of the system 102 lighting includes luminaires containing TVE�dateline light-emitting elements. Any such lamp may be individually controllable light levels for one or more of its constituent wavelengths, so that there may be obtained a wide range of colors, brightness levels and color temperatures. For example, the LED lamp may include red, green and blue LEDs. Other types of lighting can also be included in the network, such as fluorescent lighting or incandescent lighting. Some examples of such light sources are system Lexel LED DLM and lighting COLORBLAST/iW Blast, commercially available from the company Royal Philips Electronics, N. V.

As mentioned above, the term "light emitting element" is used to define any device that emits radiation in any region or combination of regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, for example, the visible region, infrared and/or ultraviolet region, when it is powered, for example, by submitting to him of a potential difference or a current is passed through it. Therefore, the light-emitting element can have spectral characteristics monochrome, quasimonochromatic, multicolor or broadband radiation. Examples of light-emitting elements include semiconductor, organic or polymeric light-emitting diodes, light-emitting diodes with luminous coating and �akachi blue or ultraviolet (UV) illumination, nanocrystal light-emitting diodes with optical pumping, laser diodes or any other similar light emitting devices that is clear to a person skilled in the art. In addition, the term "light emitting element" is used to define the specific device that emits the radiation, for example, crystal LED, and equally could be used to determine the combination of the specific device that emits the radiation together with a housing or casing, in which is placed a specific device or device.

As used in this document for the purposes of this disclosure, the term "LED", as will be understood, includes any electroluminescent diode or other carrier injection/type of system on the basis of the transition, which is capable of generating radiation under the action of an electrical signal. Thus, the term "LED" includes, but is not limited to, various structure-based semiconductor that emits light under the action of the current, light emitting polymers, organic light emitting diodes (asid), electroluminescent strips, etc., In particular, the term "LED" refers to light emitting diodes of all types (including semiconductor and organic light emitting diodes) that can be performed with the opportunity� generate radiation in one or more of the infrared spectrum, ultraviolet spectrum and different parts of the visible spectrum (comprised primarily of wavelengths from approximately 400 nanometers to approximately 700 nanometers). Some examples of LEDs include, but are not limited to, various types of infrared LEDs glow, LED UV light, LED red light, LED blue glow, green LED, yellow LED glow, amber LED illumination, LED orange glow and LED white light (described further below). It is also necessary to appreciate that the LEDs can be arranged to and/or can be controlled to generate radiation having various bandwidths (e.g., total width at 0.5 (FWHM)) for a given spectrum (e.g., narrow bandwidth, broad bandwidth), and a variety of dominant wavelengths within a given General color categorization.

For example, one implementation LED configured to generate essentially white light (e.g., LED white light), can include some crystals which respectively emit different spectra of electroluminescence that, in combination miscible and form essentially white light. In another implementation, the white light LED may be associated with a luminescent material which converts electrolu�inessence, having the first spectrum, the second spectrum to another. In one example of this implementation, electroluminescence having a relatively short wavelength and narrow-band spectrum "pumps" the phosphor material, which, in turn, emits radiation with a longer wavelength that has a somewhat broader spectrum.

You should also understand that the term "LED" does not limit the type of physical and/or electric packaging LED. For example, as described above, an LED may refer to a single light emitting device having multiple crystals that are arranged to respectively emit different radiation spectrum (e.g., which may or may not be individually controllable). Also, the LED may be associated with a phosphor that is considered as an integral part of the LED (for example, some types of white LED light. Generally, the term "LED" may refer to hull LED, chip LED, LED SMD, LED by mounting the crystal on the PCB of the chip module, LED with the mounting in the T-shaped housing, LED in the radial case, LED with power supply, LEDs including some type of packaging and/or optical element (e.g., a diffusing lens), etc.

The illumination system 102 may be controlled using a communication Protocol, such to�to digital addressable lighting interface (DALI), DMX (digital multiplexing), or Zigbee, or using a different Protocol or light control device. As described above, the network 101 can communicate via wireless and/or wired connections. Wireless connections can be radio frequency (RF), e.g., via Bluetooth technology, or they can be modulated optical signals superposed on light of the light derived from the system 102 lighting. The illumination system 102 may be designed to provide illumination of spaces, to highlight the brightness of architectural features, or combinations thereof.

In one embodiment, the implementation of the lighting system 102 connected via the network 101 lighting system with sensors 104. The sensor system 104 may take one or more system parameters, including, for example, parameters relating to people, behavioral parameters or data, settings, or data about the environment and the parameters or data feedback system for lighting 102. Although not an exclusive list, the system sensors 104 may take one or any combination of the following parameters: the presence of one or more persons, identifying one or more persons, the physical characteristics of one or more persons, such as the structure of blood vessels in the human body the location of one or more persons, the presence of one or more persons, the gestures of one or more persons, the actions of one or more persons one or more persons, the sounds produced by one or more persons or from other sources, the output signal from at least one of the light sources, the level of external illumination, the quantity of natural light, movement, temperature, humidity, weather and noise. The sensor system 104 may include, for example, one or more of the following: thermometer, hygrometer for measuring humidity; an anemometer to measure air speed; a phonometer for the measurement of noise levels; a light meter to measure light intensity values; a gas probe for measuring the concentration of certain chemicals, such as the concentration of CO2or CO; a detector for detecting natural light; and an external weather sensor, such as a rain sensor.

In one embodiment of the system sensors 104 may detect the user identification through detection of biometric data such as fingerprint data or the data of the iris corresponding to the user 108. In another embodiment of the sensor system may include a video camera, which uses the software of face recognition for the ID� characteristic facial features of the user 108. In yet another embodiment of the sensor system detects a user identification through detection of a personal identifier 110, wearable by the user 108. In one embodiment, the implementation of the personal identifier is a radio frequency identification card (RFID) badge or a device equipped with a bar code, or a portable device. In some embodiments, the personal identifier is not part of the network, but is detectable by the sensor system. In some embodiments, the personal identifier stores data preferences, rules and/or schema for the user. System sensors 104 may also detect the presence and the number of people who don't wear a personal identifier 110, or who has disabled the possibility of discovering their personal identifier network 101 lighting.

The Executive module, or Executive body, 106 are connected via the network 101 lighting to the lighting system 102 and system 104 sensors; and thus, Executive module 106, the sensor system 104 and the illumination system 102, as is, can form part of a network of lighting 101. Executive module 106 may be implemented in a variety of ways (e.g., such as with specialized hardware) to perform various�governmental functions, described in this document. In one example, Executive module includes one or more microprocessors that may be programmed using software (e.g., microcode) to perform various functions described herein. In another example, the Executive module includes a combination of dedicated hardware to perform some functions and a controller or processor (e.g., one or more programmed microprocessors and associated circuits) to perform other functions. Examples of components of the Executive module 106, which can be used in various embodiments of the present disclosure include, but are not limited to, conventional microprocessors and specialized integrated circuit (system ASICs) and field programmable gate array (FPGA).

Executive module 106, in some embodiments, manages one or several light sources in the lighting system 102 network 101 lighting in accordance with the scheme conditions detected by the sensor system 104. For example, Executive module can apply the first rule or rule group in the scheme, when there are no people in the space covered by the network lighting 101, and may apply the second rule and�and group rules in the schema when are unidentifiable people in the coverage area 101 of the lighting. In another example, the actuator module may apply the third rule or group of rules in the second circuit to control one or more light sources in the lighting system 102 in response to a personal identifier 110 that is detected in the coverage area 101 of the lighting. In still another example, when the sensor system 104 detects that one or more light sources in the lighting system 102 old or not functioning properly, the actuator module may send control signals to a malfunctioning light source to correct the inefficiency of the failing of the light source.

Executive module 106 may adjust the operation of the system 102 lighting under the action of the input signals from the system sensors 104. The Executive module may further receive input from a system of sensors that is causing them a choice or a schema change, and, thus, provides the user with interactivity. In one embodiment of the implementation, described in more detail below, Executive module 106 may implement and update the schema or rules that make up the schema.

The scheme is a set of one or more of the rules of operation of the light sources and sensors. As used�ized in this document a rule may include a preceding conditional statement, which when executed, enables a logical conclusion other follow-up information. Essentially, Executive module 106 may be considered as an expert system that includes or consists of a logical inference mechanism, which can realize the logical conclusion of the information on the basis of perceived or certain conditions. The format for such rules can be:

IF <prior> THEN <next>

The previous conditions can be determined by input data provided by the sensor system 104. Executive module 106 may examine the existing facts or conditions for inference of new facts or follow-up information, for example:

IF <a rain sensor detects rainfall in liquid form in an amount of 0.01 oz (0,0002835 kg)> THEN <weather = rain>

The logical conclusion of the subsequent information can satisfy another condition in accordance with user preferences or system, for example:

IF <weather = rain> THEN <background color = red>

IF <background color = red> THEN <color highlight = blue>

Such rules could run the Executive module 106 to issue commands to the lighting system 102 to set background color in widerange color and color highlighting in blue, when the sensor system 104 detects that it is raining.

The rules and/or diagrams may be established when multiple IMI users present in the network 101 lighting. For example, one such rule might be:

IF <users> ≥ 2 THEN <color highlight = average color highlighting users>

When you may apply more than one rule, and implementation of applicable rules leads to conflict follow-up information, Executive module 106 may perform conflict resolution to determine which rule to implement. Some rules may be assigned a higher priority than other rules. For example, IMI-user can have its own schema, the IMI group-users can have a shared scheme, and IMI-system may have its own schema. Priority can be assigned so that the circuit is shared by a group of IMI users takes precedence over individual user's schema, but is realized only when many group members are present in the system 101 of the lighting.

As is clear to a person skilled in the art, the rules can be structured to require numerous conditions or require one or more conditional options before the logical conclusion of the information�AI, and, similarly, rules can be structured as making a logical conclusion about the numerous portions of information, when one or more conditions. For example, an exemplary rule may be formulated:

IF <number of members in the group> ≥ 3 OR <the group leader is not present> THEN <color highlight = average color highlighting users>

IF <number of members in the group> ≥ 2 AND <background color = red> THEN <do nothing>

IF <users> ≥ (<number of members in the group> + 5) > THEN <background color = red> AND <color highlight = average color highlighting users>

The rules and/or lighting schemes can be modified through, for example, Executive module 106 or the user interface. The rules and/or lighting schemes can adapt and, thus, be modified by the Executive module without additional input from the user, the lighting designer or an external processing device. The term "user interface" as used herein refers to an interface between a human user or operator and one or more devices that enables communication between the user and the device (s). Examples of user interfaces that may be used in various implementations of the present disclosure, include, but are not limited to, switches, potentiometers, buttons, dials, slider switches, mouse, keyboard, keypad dialer, various types of game controllers (e.g., joysticks, trackballs, display screens, various types of graphical user interfaces (GUIs), touch screens, microphones, and other types of sensors that may receive some form created by the human external exposure and to generate a signal in response to him.

The lighting scheme may cause the implementation of a lighting scenario when a condition is detected. For the specialist in the art it is clear that the rules can be defined and modified in numerous other ways.

One or more components of the system 102 lighting can be pre-programmed set of default rules, which specify how the default behavior for one or more light sources. These default rules can be overridden or altered by the rules marked with a higher priority is specified by the lighting designer. Default rules may also be modified or replaced by rules that are created by the system when it learns about its environment and users.

IMI-system 100 itself may have its own schema�, she can create or receive from the data store schema or from other IMI system. At IMI system can influence the rules about the rules, sometimes called metaplasia that determine whether restricted certain classes of rules priority or is it forbidden in some situations. For example, it is easier to say that "the General rules are overridden by the emergency rules" than to individually identify each and every rule that needs to be overridden during evacuation in case of fire. Specialist in the art understands that the scheme can also be overridden or modified schemes with a higher priority and be managed by metaprogram.

Collective rule schema can contain a database of rules to which the Executive module 106 may continuously be consulted to determine which rules should be run. In one embodiment, the implementation of multiple execution units can refer to the basis of the rules, when IMI users move within and between buildings.

If the system can rewrite the rules and schemes in accordance with past experience and current situation can be generated for programs that can examine the current situation and to generate new rules that are appropriate from the point of view of user preferences and preda�torii. Artificial intelligence inherent in these programs, making them much more valuable than simple sets of rules.

IMI-system 100 is designed for the synthesis of new information from multiple and possibly great sensors in the sensor system 104. For example, the data from the occupancy sensor may be combined with information from the RFID sensor to determine that the person previously identified by the personal identifier 110, entered the space with an occupancy sensor. An example of this is whether there is only one person in the building, the identity of which are found at the entrance. In different places in the building can be sensors of employment and did not have identification, but the Executive module 106 may check the overall coherence of the signals from the sensors in the sensor system 104 to draw a conclusion about the identity discovered by the visitor. Another example is when there are two people in the building, identification of both of which was detected by the system. If they are in different places, the signals from neighboring non-identifying sensors of employment can contact Executive body together to track the identification of the visitor and provide preferences accordingly. Yet another example would be if one person from the group comes out of the common room, perhaps �ez personal identifier 110. In this case, the system may store information regarding the identification of the speed at which it goes, where it goes, and wall switches that can be adjusted.

Network lighting 101 is in communication with the storage or memory of, 112 data preferences, which in one embodiment, the implementation is in a location remote from the network 101 lighting. In one embodiment of the storage data 112 preferences stores the data of personal preference, relevant to many users, these personal preferences corresponding to each of multiple users, including at least one personalized lighting parameter for each user. These personal preferences are stored in the repository 112 data preferences can be encoded in the form of one or more rules in an individual scheme IMI-user, in the scheme of the group and/or in the scheme of the IMI system. Essentially, the storage data 112 preferences can be considered a rules database.

Storage data 112 preferences can be a database, a register or other data storage element. Storage data 112 preferences can be in the server connected to the Internet, and may store numerous preferences and/or rules for numerous people. In �the bottom of the embodiment of the network 101 can access the data store preferences but can't manage it. In one embodiment, the implementation, the user 108 has access to the storage data 112 preferences and may modify the user preferences and/or rules, including personalized settings lighting user, e.g., via the user interface.

For example, the user 108 may access the storage data 112 preferences via the Internet. Table 1 lists exemplary data of personal preferences, including personalized settings lighting, which the user can enter, and which can be stored in the data store preference. Approximate personalized lighting options include, but are not limited to, the preferred lighting color, the desired brightness level or preferred intensity.

Table 1
Sample data user preferences
Identification
pid (ID)
ColorLevelStartThe endColorLevelStart The end
123FFFFFF10008:0017:00FF99995517:0002:00
298EEEEFF10006:0017:00FF99667717:0021:00
32400ff0060

In other embodiments, these user preferences may vary from a single parameter to a large number of parameters. For example, in some embodiments, these user preferences may consist of a light level, which refers to the preferred brightness of light, or, as shown in Table 1, can map the user-defined identifier (ID), with the preferred intensity (level) lighting uses�to the user and range, or color where the preferred color is encoded as a hexadecimal number, the first two digits indicate the amount of red, the second two digits correspond to the blue color, and the third pair of numbers corresponds to a green color. As shown in Table 1, these preferences may include the start and end time for the implementation of the preferences options. Such these preferences can be viewed as a set of rules for the user, which control the response or output from the system on a specific condition or system input. Executive module 106 may apply rules to determine how to respond to a specific situation. For example, if the Executive module 106 receives an indication from the system sensors 104 that the user specified by ID 298, included in the network 101 lighting, Executive module 106 may access a rule that specifies that the user 298 prefers light colors FF9966 level 77 between the times of 06:00 and 17:00 and prefers lighting with color EEEEFF with 100 level between the time points 17:00 and 21:00.

You must understand that the term "spectrum" refers to any one or more frequencies (or wavelengths) of radiation produced by one or more light sources. Therefore, the term "spectrum" refers � frequencies (or wavelengths) not only in the visible range, but also to the frequencies (or wavelengths) in the infrared, ultraviolet, and other areas of the full electromagnetic spectrum. Also, a given spectrum may have a relatively narrow frequency band (e.g., FWHM, having, essentially, several components of frequency or wavelength) or a relatively wide bandwidth (several components of frequency or wavelength, having different relative intensity). You should also understand that a given spectrum may be the result of mixing two or more other spectra (e.g., mixing radiation emitted respectively from the multiple light sources).

For purposes of this disclosure, the term "color" is used interchangeably with the term "spectrum". However, the term "color" is generally used to denote mainly the properties of radiation that is perceivable by an observer (although this use is assumed, does not restrict the scope of this term). Therefore, the terms "other colors" implicitly indicate numerous spectra, which has components with different wavelengths and/or different frequency bands. You should also understand that the term "color" may be used in connection with both white and not white light.

The term "color temperature" is generally used in this document in connection with white �vet, although this use is assumed, does not restrict the scope of the term. Color temperature essentially refers to a particular color content or shade (e.g., reddish, bluish) of white light. Color temperature of this sample radiation is usually characterized in accordance with the temperature in degrees Kelvin (K) emitter characteristics of a blackbody that radiates essentially the same spectrum, and consider the sample radiation. The color temperature of the radiator with the characteristics of an absolute black body, mostly falls within the range from approximately 700 degrees K (generally considered the first visible to the human eye) to over 10,000 degrees K; white light, basically, is perceived at color temperatures above 1500-2000 degrees K.

Lower color temperatures, in the main, indicate white light having a more significant red component or a "warmer feel," while higher color temperatures mainly indicate white light having a more significant blue component or a "cooler feel". As an example, fire has a color temperature of approximately 1,800 degrees K, a conventional incandescent bulb has a color temperature of approximately 2848 degrees To natural light early in the morning and�States color temperature of approximately 3,000 degrees K, and there are small clouds midday sky has a color temperature of approximately 10,000 degrees K. a Color image viewed under white light having a color temperature of approximately 3,000 degree K has a relatively reddish tone, whereas the same color image viewed under white light having a color temperature of approximately 10,000 degrees K has a relatively bluish tint.

Appendix a lists sample data personal preferences, including personalized settings lighting, which the user can enter, and which can be stored in the repository 112 data preferences or personal identifier 110, and which can be encoded in the form of one or more rules in an individual user's schema. As shown in Appendix a, sample data personal preferences may include personalized settings for environment management devices in addition to light sources. For example, these preferences may include preferences for devices that provide the ambient effects, such as, but not limited to: heating, ventilation, cooling, TV, background music and aroma. These preferences may include one or more of the next spri ... � non-exclusive list: the preferred temperature; the preferred percentage of natural light; preferences relating to the opening or closing of Windows; the degree by which the internal temperature must monitor the external temperature; preferred odors; preferred sound levels sound system that plays music in public or private environment; the preferred humidity level; the preferred genre of the background music; the preferred television channel or program for use in hotels, Lounges, or bars; a list of preferred songs or audio clips; a list of preferred musicians, singers or groups; preferred language; YuoTube or the list of playback video; a set of keywords, who may belong to YouTube or similar video clips or themes of the songs; a list of your favorite videos; a list of preferred speakers on the radio; a list of likes and dislikes; products of interest and not of interest.

Preferences and/or rules may be associated with a specific time of day, a certain type of venue, specific places or General geographic locations. They can be associated with certain type of weather or any other perceived option. For example, a lively, cheerful music, it may be preferable for rainy days, t�GDSs as any choice can be acceptable for a Sunny day.

As shown in Appendix a, these user preferences may include data other than data relating to environmental control environment. This information facilitates the perception of the user in various places. For example, the preferred type of room can be maintained so that visitors coming to the hotel, will know that the Registrar informed the network that the guest enters the hotel. Such preferences may include the preferred fitness equipment in the gym for automated planning; preferred or favorite food or meal; drinks etc. These user preferences can also include personal information such as, but not limited to, age, gender and weight. In one embodiment of the data stored in the storage 112 of the data, may be considered under one or more of the following categories: registration information to provide the objective data without specific emotional values; preferences, which are things that the user enjoys, or preferred modes of expression; actions that represent data on actual behavior; biometric/physical, which represent data on body condition and�a; and data features that represent data about the capabilities of the user.

These user preferences, rules or personal scheme can also be more abstract than those listed in Table 1 and Appendix A. for Example, in addition to specific color or brightness, or a combination of them, preferences, rules or scheme can be selected as one or more of the following, for example: "bright"; "alive"; "gourmet"; "soothing"; "colorful"; "random"; "economical", "brilliant"; "amazing"; "doubtful"; "natural", etc. Is the work of a lighting designer to determine the specific reaction of the color/brightness/time and/or limitations that are triggered as a result of detecting that the user specifies one of these as preferences. This simplifies the input of data necessary for determining the user's preferences, and allows the administrator, or designer, in the illuminated space to interpret the preference, a rule or schema, and not ask the illuminated space (to some extent) the owner's preferences. From time to time preferences, the rules or the scheme may change, so may work on display and interpretation of different administrators or lighting designers.

In addition, the individual�nye IMI system can interpret the schema or rules in accordance with the configuration, components and features of the system. For example, if the user preferences indicate that any colors are red and yellow, IMI-system consisting of a source of white light may conclude that the user prefers "warm" colors and adjust accordingly to their color temperature.

Although table 1 and Appendix a show the estimated data is a user preference stored in the tables, these user preferences may be stored in different formats to increase efficiency and promote programming and data access preferences. In one embodiment, the implementation of these preferences are divided into numerous tables in a relational database.

Users, setting your preferences, you can set the random inclusion of a specific table light. In one embodiment, the implementation, the user may set user preferences on the basis of zones that can be personalized physical areas (e.g., area overhead, at eye level, at a lower level, on the floor, in front and behind), which can be based or may not be based on activity, and which may depend on time or may not depend on it. In one embodiment, the implementation, the user can determine �ons middle distance and far zones, which affect the light sources located at a predetermined distance from the user 108 and/or personal identifier 110 of the user. In one embodiment, the implementation, the user can set the areas of rooms where lighting is insensitive to the exact location in the room. Zone preferences are then displayed on the zones defined in the network, and uses an algorithm to best provide the required illumination in accordance with the preferences. The algorithm can be used for quick fixes or workarounds for real-time inverse problem of determining lighting installations to meet the preference of the user, and, where there are many solutions, finding the appropriate or optimal solution, and if there is no relevant decision, finding a solution that would be sufficient. If a solution cannot be found quickly, then the decision can be implemented gradually. In one embodiment, the implementation of the IMI system 100 may deliberately choose the implementation of user preferences gradually. When determining the lighting installations that match the user preference, when the condition can be encoded by a corresponding rule for the implementation of lighting installations.

In one embodiment implemented�I, when it is discovered that the individual person changes the preference storage 112 data preferences by means of a manual control, for example, the preference and any relevant scheme or rule can be automatically updated in the database; intellectually be updated with the time, frequency and pattern of such requests; maintained subject to the approval of the owner's preferences; or ignored. In some embodiments, the implementation of many individual people can save these preferences in the storage data 112 preferences, and intelligent update can be copied with such changes requested by other user, or may select other similar users. Because of its ability to perceive a large amount of data, intelligently respond to the data, update and implement the scheme and to enable the data user preferences, IMI-system 100 has information about its environment.

Fig.2 illustrates a block diagram of the network 101 lighting according to one embodiment of the invention which makes use of the scheme. As shown in Fig.2, in addition to the lighting system 102, the system 104 sensors and actuation module 106, the network 101 can include local storage 202 for storing user preferences or schemes floor�friendly. These preferences and/or the user's schema can be loaded from any storage media such as storage data 112 preferences, before being stored in the local storage 202 data. In one embodiment, the implementation of network lighting 101 may also include schematization 204, made with the possibility of delivery of schemas or schema files stored in the repository 206 schema data. In one embodiment, the implementation instead of or in addition to local storage data 202 user preferences and/or the user's schema stored in the storage part 208 in the storage 206 of the data schema, which refers to schematization 204.

In one embodiment, the implementation can be considered that the scheme represents a list of constraints, for which the lighting system 102 can do, how she should react to some input data from the system sensors 104 or when an event occurs, and to adapt the lighting system 102 to work in its environment. For example, a circuit may authorize the Executive module 106 to operate with a baseline scenario of lighting, but to deviate from the script when necessary. In one embodiment, the implementation of lighting schemes are sets of rules that may be modified for inclusion of personal preferences when it encounters the presence and identification �the owner's preferences. Generally, the fewer restrictions the scheme provides, the more likely that the lighting system 102, the system 104 sensors and actuation module 106 may be adapted to work in its environment. The network 101 can track past events, including past sensor data and past output signals from the system 102 lighting to identify appropriate responses to specific events or scenarios. In addition, the network 101 can detect lighting conditions, using a system of sensors 104. The network administrator 101 lighting may ask, what scheme implements the network 101 lighting.

In one embodiment, the implementation of a markup language such as extensible markup language (XML) or similar language may be used to generate diagrams. The language used to create circuits, may include commands structured query language (SQL) to access the storage data 112 preferences, which stores user preferences. Specialist in the art understands that other programming languages can be used to create diagrams, such as, but not limited to, Visual Basic, C++, etc.

In one embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 determines which scheme or schemes at the moment are active and organize a working set of rules for the Executive module 106 DL� treatment and implementation. Schematization 204 may determine which scheme or schemes are active through the instructions, which IMI users are in space. Schematization 204 may wirelessly connect to the Executive module 106 to unload its own set of operating rules in memory in the Executive module 106. Specialist in the art understands that schematization 204 may also be connected via a wired or other communication lines to the Executive module 106. In one embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 is a hardware module; in another embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 is an executable program. Alternative or in addition to schematization 204, the network 101 can include storage 206 schema data storage schemes. Storage 206 data circuit is in communication with schematization 204, and schematization 204 can store the patterns that he creates or modifies, in the storage 206 schema data. Executive module 106, or alternatively, may download or take the schema from another remote source, such as from another network or server, which you can access on the Internet, and save the schema in the repository 206 schema data. Storage 206 schema data also can store the schema that have been modified to include personal� user preferences. In addition, storage of data 206 may store numerous schemes, of which the Executive module 106 may select the scheme for implementation. Executive module 106 may select a particular scheme for implementation depending on the personal preference of the user 108, or depending on other system parameters monitored by the system sensors 104.

Executive module 106 may make decisions on input data received from system sensors 104, to make decisions according to user preferences stored in the local storage 202 of the data, select the schema from the repository 206 schema data or alternatively be provided by a set of business rules from schematization; and transfer scheme or a set of business rules to control commands that allow the lighting system 102 to implement the scheme and/or operating rules.

Schematization 204 allows the lighting designer, administrator or other person to set the default devices, such as illumination by default of the lamp and interactive behavior for a network of lighting 101. For example, the schema may define the limits within which the output signal of the device (e.g., lamp) may change (e.g., color, intensity, or sequence of different output signals). The scheme can work with PR�dpochtenie user and/or may be retrofitted to implement the user's preferences. For example, while the schema may define the limits within which the output signal of the device may change the output signal of the device may be installed within the limits set by the scheme, according to user preferences 108, when the user is in the coverage area 101 of the lighting and was identified, for example, via detection of a personal identifier 110, and user preferences were extracted, e.g., from the storage data 112 preferences or personal identifier 110. Schematization 204 may be used to define constraints and/or allow tolerances within which can work Executive module 106 and the illumination system 102.

In some embodiments, schematization 204 is a portable, handheld or other computer with Bluetooth or other suitable Protocol. Schematization can be connected temporarily or permanently to the network 101 lighting. In one embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 may be located remotely from the network 101 lighting. In this embodiment, the lighting schematization connects to the network 101 lighting via the Internet or via a communication network. In one embodiment, the implementation of the network 101 can include one or more schematization 202 and/or may also be in communication with one�m or more remote schematization on the Internet or through a network connection.

Schematization 204 and/or storage 206 schema can store a number of schemes that are offloaded to network 101 lighting on demand, for example, when the user 108, who had previously saved preferences corresponding to the circuit is within the coverage area of the network 101, which implements this scheme. Essentially, it is believed that schematization 204 and/or storage 206 schema data can be a database of rules.

In one embodiment, the implementation of one or more of schematization 204, storage 206 of the data schema and the Executive module 106 can be combined into the same component. In one embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 and the Executive module 106 may belong to software hardware, software hardware or a combination of both in a personal computer. Schematization 204 may be a pop-up utility. In one embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 is the plugin of the web browser that identifies the presence of IMI-system 100 and the network 101 lighting, determines that he can control the lighting system 102, determines the appropriate communication Protocol for performing communication with the lighting system 102 by querying a remote database, and dynamically generates the code in a compatible programming language glaucophane control system for lighting 102. For example, many machines have sensors that can be programmed JavaScript™, and after the discovery of the luminaires in the lighting system 102, schematization 204 can generate JavaScript code™ to display control dimmer for user management of the luminaires in the lighting system 102. As mentioned above, schematization 204 may be located on a remote server connected to the network 101 via the Internet, and the browser may be programmed for easy detection of any possibilities of control over the environment that is available to him through his current wired or wireless connection.

Essentially, in one embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 represents one or more physical hardware devices, in another embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 represents one or more software programs. In still another embodiment, the implementation of schematization can be considered a service that is available to the user, that have components that are distributed across the world wide web. In addition to generating schemes schematization 204 can be used by the user 108 for setting the personal preferences of the user.

In one embodiment, the implementation of schematization 204 accepts FAI� computer-aided design (CAD) from the network 101 to the lighting system or lighting 102, for example, systems of illumination and brightness, which includes data about the location and types of light sources in the network 101 lighting. In another embodiment, the implementation of the arrangement of light sources is created in schematization, and the CAD file is sent to the architect, the lighting designer and/or installer of the device. A lighting designer or other person can create scenarios for the operation of the light sources. For example, a lighting designer can create a script that specifies one or more of the level of darkening of the color and the beam angle for each light source in the network 101 lighting that varies in time or is constant. Although the scheme can be considered as a combination of scenarios for the system 102 lighting scheme can represent a scenario for the only light source in the lighting system 102. In addition, scenarios for one or more light sources in the lighting system 102 may be managed by the scheme, which itself may contain numerous auxiliary schema.

Differing schemes can be created for different conditions or pre-defined events. For example, a special scheme may be created for the entrance of a famous person in the lobby of the hotel, or if the Dow Jones falls below a predetermined threshold. In one embodiment, osushestvlyaem can be designated and referred to, using a meaningful word or words that preferably relate to the condition for which they are intended, for example, "Celebrity" for the schema, which is created for the entrance of a famous person, or "Dow-Jones_down" for the circuit, decreases when the Dow Jones. These names of the schema can be loaded when the associated schemas are loaded in the Executive module 106 and stored in the repository 206 schema.

One feature of the IMI system is the conversion of signals from the system sensors 104, for example, sensors that monitor the Internet, words, or signals that may be associated with the names of the scheme. For example, the sensor system 104 may include a detection module that is equipped with option analysis, which can track the value of the Dow Jones and can send a meaningful word "Dow-Jones_down" on the Executive module 106. When receiving significant words of the Executive module 106 starts execution of the scheme "Dow-Jones_down, which is stored in the storage 206 schema.

Similarly, the sensor that detects the personal identifier 110 may include a receiver (e.g., wireless local area network (WLAN) or RFID), the interpretation unit and the unit that sends a meaningful word in the Executive module. When receiving an RFID signal from a personal banner ID�wow human sensor for detecting the personal identifier sends a meaningful word "Celebrity" in the Executive module, and the Executive module 106 starts execution of the scheme "Celebrity", stored in the storage 206 schema data. If applicable, other scheme, Executive module 106 may make decisions between circuits, and/or schematization 204 may provide a set of working rules to the Executive module 106, which takes into account both schemes.

In another embodiment, the implementation of the sensor system 104 may include a rain sensor and an extension that translates detected in the rain meaning of the word "Rain". When receiving significant words "Rain" Executive module 106 executes the scheme, which is called "Rain", from storage 206 schema data, which, for example, can cause activation or deactivation of some light sources in the lighting system 102. In one embodiment of the actuator module may also control other devices in the lighting system 102, which, for example, provide sound effects in the network, and the implementation of the scheme "Rain" can cause that these devices will produce sounds such as simulated sounds of the rain, in the network 101. Essentially, visitors to the network 101 lighting, which are in a room that has no Windows, can know that it's raining outside, and visitors can experience a simulated impression of rain.

Fig.3 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments implemented�of tvline of the invention, where the rules of the user data or user preferences can be shared between networks. Network lighting 101 and the network 301 lighting can implement the same or different schemas. As shown in Fig.3, the network 301 lighting includes system 302 lighting system 304 of sensors and control module 306. In one embodiment of the lighting system may include a set of subnets, such as network 101, 301 lighting, in the same or different buildings. For example, a company with geographically dispersed group of offices, can have each of the lighting systems connected to centralized management or monitoring.

In some embodiments, the network 101 lighting, and the network 301 lighting have access to data in storage data 112 preferences, which may be part of a remote data repository for schemas. Essentially, when the user 108 moves to a location serviced by the network 301 lighting actuator module 306 may access the storage data 112 preferences to access the preferences lighting, and/or personal schemes, the user 108. In these embodiments, the user 108 may input user preferences to store data 112 preferences, after which a large network can contact the repository 112 Dunn�x preferences for receiving user preferences. For example, the user 108 may set user preferences and/or personal schemas in the repository 112 preferences and data can move into the coverage area 101 of lighting, which will take into account user preferences, including personalized settings lighting user. The user 108 can then go to the network coverage area 301 lighting, which also will take into account user preferences and/or the scheme, including personalized settings lighting user. Essentially, the user 108 need only once to enter the data preferences and/or personalized settings, lighting, and so he can do before entering the coverage area of a particular network. Thus, regardless of implement network lighting 101 and the network 301 different lighting system diagrams, user preferences and personal scheme can be taken into account in each network lighting. In some embodiments, only the selected network will recognize the user or a personal user ID.

In addition to storing preferences in the storage data 112 preferences, in some embodiments, the user may store preferences for lighting and/or a personal schema of a user in the personal identifier 110. In these embodiments, �of sushestvennee each user, effectively interacting with the network, has its own minigranules data. A set of minigranules data almost equivalent to a remote distributed database, such storage data 112. In this embodiment, the implementation of network 301 can retrieve the user preferences, including personalized settings lighting user and/or a personal schema of a user of the personal identifier 110. In another embodiment, the implementation of network 301 can receive the data preferences or the user's schema from the previous network, which was visited by the user 108, such as the network 101 lighting.

Fig.4 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary personal identifier 110 according to some embodiments of the invention. In one embodiment, the implementation of the personal identifier is a mobile electronic communication device, such as a cell phone, satellite phone, BlackBerry® smartphones, iPhone, personal digital assistant (PDA), pager, portable computer, smart phone or any other electronic device with computing power and the ability to communicate. As shown in Fig.4, the personal identifier may include a controller or microprocessor, or the processor 402, the circuit 404 informed sources, prosecut�STI location, interface 406, a memory 408, a memory 410 data preferences and RFID tag 412. The user, such as user 108 may enter his or her personal preferences devices, such as lighting preferences of the user, through interface 406, which may be the user interface.

Circuit 404 of awareness about the location in the personal identifier 110 may be a circuit service global positioning (GPS). Diagram 404 awareness of the location can operate with the use of assisted GPS, triangulation from WiFi or other radio frequency (RF) signals, or the location in the personal identifier 110 can be calculated from the signals from the accelerometers, or the location of the personal identifier 110 may be determined based on a combination of these methods.

In some embodiments, the data preference and/or the user's schema stored in memory 408 and loaded into the memory 410 of the data preferences, when necessary, on the merits, for example, when the user 108 comes to the location having the IMI system 100. RFID tag 412 can be detected by the sensor system 104 and/or can be transmitted unsolicited broadcast identification signal, or the network 101. RFID tag 412 may communicate with the memory 410 preferences for data access Yes�tion preferences and/or the scheme, stored in the data memory preferences, and RFID tag 412 can transmit the preferences of the network 101. In some embodiments, the personal identifier 110 is arranged to transmit data to the network preferences, even when the personal identifier 110 is disabled by the user. In one embodiment, the implementation of these preferences stored in the data preferences 410 and/or memory 408, cannot be changed by the network lighting 101.

RFID tag 412, or alternatively, the personal identifier 110, may be controlled by a security system, which provides data for IMI system, which consists of a centralized (or possibly distributed) data registration system and events, which communicates with the building management system for HVAC control and load reduction (obtained from the local power company network). IMI-system communicates with, but is not managed directly by each light source in the lighting system 102, each of which can have its own sensors and controls dimming/switching. Decisions regarding how each device is controlled, then become a shared responsibility, because the device reacts to the sensor system 104, but can be overridden by the event recording system, when �lateline load reduction. Similarly, the security system may override all other commands in emergencies.

In some embodiments, the user may have preferences and/or schema for use only in some environments. For example, the user may not have any preferences to the device during the working day, or when walking to the shops but may have a preference, such as a preference for lighting, when visiting a night club. For that user's personal identifier 110 is programmed so that the memory 410 data preferences does not contain data when the circuit 404 of awareness about the location detects that a personal identifier 110 is at work or in the shopping arcade. When the circuit 404 of awareness about the location determines that a personal identifier 110 is in a nightclub, then the memory 410 data preferences associated with the RFID tag 412, is filled with data of the lighting preferences of the person. Similarly, when user preferences are stored in the storage 112 of the data storage data 112 may include only the data of the preferences for the case when the user 108 is located in a particular environment.

In one embodiment, the implementation of these user preferences can be shared n� different levels of resolution, so that different networks can only refer to some parameters of preferences. For example, the network 101 can be allowed to refer only to certain aspects of the data user preferences 108; network 301 lighting may be allowed to access all data, user preferences 108. As another example, the lighting preference of the user may contain the color and brightness. Level with broader permission can be granted by this brightness that will be suitable, for example, for someone in a business environment, the environment of shopping in a store or the environment of the Museum. Level with a narrower resolution can be applied to data of a color preference, so that only Nightclubs, bars and restaurants have access to it. When you request storage 112 data network identifies himself and his type, and the storage data 112 only provides the data preferences, access the network.

Fig.5 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary Executive module 106 according to some embodiments of the invention. In one embodiment of the actuator module 106 includes a controller or microprocessor, or a processor 502, memory 504 and interfaces A, B and C. In one embodiment of the memory 504 contains machine-readable instructions carefully before�and for processing by controller 502, to control a light output of one or more light sources in the lighting system 102 in accordance with the preference of the user, one or more schemes, the lighting scenario or under the influence of the parameter detected by the sensor system 104. For example, Executive module 106 can control the output of light sources in accordance with these preferences, such as personalized user's schema that are stored in the repository 112 data preferences. In one embodiment of the actuator module 106 arbitrates between different input signals, for example, different input signals changing from sensors in the sensor system 104. In another embodiment of the memory 504 may serve as a temporary or long-term storage for one or more of the default settings, a trained behavior, user preferences and one or more schemes. As shown in Fig.5, Executive module 106 has three interfaces: the interface A and B, which are shown as wired interfaces; and interface S, shown as a wireless interface.

Executive module 106 may be implemented by a personal computer or laptop, or it can be a standalone electronic module. In one embodiment implemented�of Tulane Executive module 106 is distributed across multiple devices.

Fig.6 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary network 601 illumination according to embodiments of the invention, which uses scheme. As shown in Fig.6, the illumination system 102 may include one or more sources of light 603 connected to line 605 power as their power source. In one embodiment, the implementation of one or several sources 603 light can be individually supplied, for example, using individual solar panel or battery power. Sources 603 light can also be connected to line 607 management of the network and to communicate via the interface V with the Executive module 606. Sources 603 light contain drivers for converting input power into a format suitable for supplying current to the light emitting elements. System sensors 604 may include one or more sensors 610, which is connected to the Executive module 606 and the line 612 network management interface and A. Although the system sensors 604 are shown as separate the user interface from the system 602 lighting system 604 sensors and system 602 illumination can share the interface with the Executive module 606. In addition, although line 607 612 and network management to sources 603 lights and sensors 610 are shown as wired, they can be wireless. Fig.6 illustrates the ISPA�nitely module 606, combine with schematization 204 via wireless communication lines, with an interface S. However, the specialist in the art understands that can use other communication line such as a wired communication line, for performing communication with schematization 204.

Fig.7 illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system 700 according to embodiments of the invention, in which the scheme shall apply and can be used together. As shown in Fig.7, user and/or system diagrams can be stored remotely on a server or storage data 112, which may be connected to the Executive module 706 702 on the Internet using the web interface 704. Executive module 706 in the network 701, basically, can take system the scheme, but upon detection of the presence of the personal identifier 110 in its coverage area uses the identity of the personal identifier 110 to access and extract personal user's schema stored in the repository 112 data. Depending on the specific network, or schema, where more than one scheme is available to IMI-system 701, the user's schema loaded from the storage data 112 may be used to varying degrees.

As shown in Fig.7, system components 104 of sensors, such as sensors 705, can share a line 607 management with system components 102 �of svedeniya, such as sources of light 603.

Fig.8A illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system 800 according to embodiments of the invention, which can be shared schema and data preferences. As shown in Fig.8A, the schema can be generated or stored in schematization 204, which is connected to the Executive body 706. In addition, the schema may be stored remotely in a remote repository 802 schemes that may be available for network lighting 801 702 on the Internet, and which can be centrally accessible to one or more networks. Considered to be a remote repository 802 schemes of data may be a database of rules. In one embodiment, the implementation of remote storage schemes is schematization. In some embodiments, actuator module 706 downloads a schema from a remote repository 802 schemes for implementation in the IMI system 800. Executive module 706 can load the schema from the remote repository 802 schemes under the guidance of the administrator, the lighting designer or operator of the network 801. The scheme can then be loaded in the repository 206 schema data. Although shown as stored in the separate storage of the data in Fig.8, a personal schema user and system diagrams can be stored on a single server, separate servers or distributed servers. In one� embodiment of the payment may be collected from the loader schemes to reward the owner or Creator of the scheme. The schema can be written so that they are independent or automatically adaptable to the size and number of devices in the lighting system 102 and the sensors in the sensor system 104 in the network 801 lighting.

In one embodiment, the implementation of the scheme can be uploaded to a remote storage 802 schemes after going through the process of learning to adapt to the network 801 lighting IMI-system 800 located in a specific building and/or preferences of visitors of the building. Making this scheme available to other networks in similar buildings, and if visitors do the work of a similar kind, is much more likely that the original settings will be best to approach the visitors than the ready-made scheme or a scheme that is simply installed by the building custodian.

In addition, IMI-system 800 may detect that the behaviour of visitors in the building has changed or is changing beyond what is normal. IMI-system 800 can then search for available schemes unloaded from other buildings and stored in remote storage 802 schemes that may already have gone through such a change, and switch to a new scheme, or to compromise with her current scheme to obtain a set of operating rules for the new scheme by merging the data. In one embodiment, the implementation takes into account the interests of confidentialness�, when sharing schemes, so may not be sharing preferences and/or patterns of the user, or can be performed using only up to an extent which is determined by the permission level.

For example, with reference to Fig.3, the network 101 and 301 lighting can be located in such buildings, and each system 102, 302 lighting may include system control natural light, designed to minimize energy consumption during the year by changing the light output of light sources in the systems 102, 302 light, as it changes the input signal to the sensors daylighting in the systems 104, 304 sensors. Although it is usually necessary to take into account numerous options when generating control signals for systems 102, 302 lighting for the implementation of such management systems, natural lighting, using IMI technology, they can learn the best lighting solution by trial and error. In addition, they can communicate with each other and with other networks in other buildings to learn about their solutions. In this embodiment, the implementation is considered that the scheme can meet the buildings in which they were trained.

Fig.8B illustrates a block diagram of an exemplary IMI system 803 according to embodiments �of sushestvennee of the invention, in which schema and data preferences can be shared, and the mediator is used to communicate with remote resources. As shown in Fig.8B, the illumination system 102 includes two types of light: sources of light 804 and light sources 806 light brightness. The illumination system 102 may include one or more sources 804 light illumination and one or more sources 806 light brightness. Executive module 106 may retrieve different schemes of schematization 204 based on input data from the personal identifier 110 or system sensors 104, or based on input from the storage data 112 preferences 702 on the Internet.

The network 808 includes an intermediary (agent) 810. In one embodiment, the implementation of the mediator 810 is operated by followers of the centre, having a Central database schemes, such as, for example, remote storage 802 schemes. The mediator 810 monitors the network 808 and transmits the behavior or newly developed scheme to a remote storage 802 schemes. A mediator can work offline, only sending information when there is something to send, or it can be run on demand from schematization 204 or the remote repository 802 schemes. A proxy may be recorded to be installed in new networks as part of the software or hardware-software�software, or can be written to install in existing networks as a software update or hardware and software. One or more intermediaries 810 installed in numerous independent networks can be controlled by a Central tracking center to download more appropriate and effective lighting schemes with RBS 802 schemes in accordance with globally acquired knowledge.

Fig.9A illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, in which the Executive module is a part of the light source. Sources A and B light also include sensors for use in the network 101 lighting. Essentially, sources A-IN lights are part of the system 102 lighting and also part of the system of sensors 104. Each source A and B contains a light sensor 904 and is connected by network line 906. In one embodiment, the implementation of source A light includes an Executive module 908. As increasing the lighting network, such as network 101 lighting, or as being implemented in more complex patterns of light, and/or as there are more users with personal preferences, in the network coverage area 101 lighting may be necessary or useful complement�price memory. Therefore, in one embodiment, the implementation of each source V light contains modules 910 memory. Modules memory 910 may be of different size or capacity to optimize production and supply chain sources V light.

Fig.9B illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, in which the Executive module is distributed to the light sources. Fig.9V estimated sources S, V light include sensors 904 for use in the network 101, and the Executive module is allocated to the various light sources. For example, in Fig.9V source S light includes a controller or microprocessor 901 and the sources of V light includes modules 910 memory. This version of the implementation can be used, but there is no need in using it, for systems in which the schema of the user stored in the personal identifier 110. Source S light is presumed to be a part of the system 102 lighting and also part of the system sensors 104.

Fig.9C illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, in which each light source includes an Executive module. Sources A-light is identical and can be implemented with�IDE wirelessly for example, by radio frequency (RF). Sources 914 light include Executive modules 908 and sensors 904. Sources 914 light, as it is considered, can be a part of the system 102 lighting and also part of the system sensors 104. This version of the implementation can simplify the supply chain for sources A light, as sources A light shown in Fig.9C, may be identical. In one embodiment, the implementation of one of the sources 914 light, such as a source A light, can be designated as having a chief Executive module and can use the processing power and memory of other sources V and S light in the network, when and as necessary. In a large network where there are many zones to control different lighting effects, can be marked with numerous senior Executive modules, which are all subordinated to the main point, which manages the global effects of lighting in the space. For example, different groups of people in a bar or restaurant by setting their own personal preferences can have very different lighting color. Due to situations caused by energy conservation, the need for signaling the entrance of very important person (VIP) or approaching closing time, the global level can fade or be brighter at the W� time still keeping the color preferences of individual people or groups. This version of the implementation may apply a fixed hierarchy of dedicated controllers lighting. As the sources 914 light include sensors 904, it is believed that the sources 914 light can be a part of the system 102 lighting and also part of the system sensors 104.

Fig.9D illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention in which the light sources communicate optically. Sources 916 light can be lighting, where light emitted from one source 916 light is modulated communication signals. This light is reflected from the surface 918 in the environment and is found nearby light sources that is arranged to extract the communication signal from the total detected signal light. Like source 914 and A-light, as the sources 916 light include sensors 904, sources 916 light, as it is considered, can be a part of the system 102 lighting and also part of the system sensors 104.

Fig.9E illustrates a block diagram of light sources for use in an exemplary IMI system according to embodiments of the invention, in which the sources 920A-D light communicate using multiple protocols. For example, the source A light can communicate with the source�m V optical light through reflection from the surface 918, source V light can communicate with the source S light wirelessly and source S light can communicate with the source 920D light through a wired connection.

In one embodiment, the implementation sources A, B, A, 916 and 920A-D-light hardware connected to the power source; in another embodiment, the implementation sources A, B, A, 916 and 920A-D are fed individually, for example, using individual solar panels or batteries.

Fig.10 illustrates a block diagram of the layout of the network according to embodiments of the invention. Network 1002 includes multiple regions 1004A-D, having a plurality of sources 1008 light, which are managed by a distributed arrangement of controllers A-E, which can be sources 1008 light. For example, the area A can imagine the office, the area B may represent a corridor, the area S can imagine the waiting room, and the field 1004D may represent a zone of reception. In one embodiment, the implementation of each area 1004A-D may be a separate network.

The term "controller" is used herein primarily to describe various devices relating to the work of one or more light sources. The controller may be implemented in various ways (such as with dedicated hardware) to in�execution of various functions, described in this document. "Processor" is one example of a controller which employs one or more microprocessors that may be programmed using software (e.g., microcode) to perform various functions described herein. The controller can be implemented with or without the use of the processor, and also may be implemented as a combination of dedicated hardware to perform some functions and a processor (e.g., one or more programmed microprocessors and associated circuits) to perform other functions. Examples of controller components that may be used in various embodiments of the present disclosure include, but are not limited to, conventional microprocessors and specialized integrated circuit (system ASICs) and field programmable gate array (FPGA).

In one implementation the one or more network devices (e.g., light or a light source in General, a lighting unit or device, the controller or processor associated with one or more light sources or lighting units, other non-lighting devices, etc.) connected to the network, can serve as a controller for one or more other devices connected�military network (for example, according to master/slave). In another implementation, the network environment may include one or more dedicated controllers that are configured to manage one or more devices connected to the network. Basically, each of the multiple devices connected to the network, you may have access to data that are present in the medium or media of communication; however, this device may be "addressable" in that it is made with the possibility of selective data exchange (i.e., receive data from and/or transmit data to) the network, based, for example, on one or more particular identifiers (e.g., "addresses") assigned to them.

The term "addressable" is used herein to refer to a device that is capable of receiving information (e.g., data) intended for multiple devices, including itself, and selective response to particular information intended for it. The term "addressable" often is used in connection with a network environment in which multiple devices are connected together using some medium or media of communication.

In various implementations, the processor or controller may be associated with one or more storage media (referred to in this document, mainly ka� "memory", for example, volatile or non-volatile computer memory such as random access memory (RAM), programmable read only memory (PROM), electrically programmable ROM (EPROM) and electrically erasable programmable ROM (EEPROM), floppy disks, CD-ROMs, optical disks, magnetic tape, etc.). In some implementations, the media data may be encoded by one or more programs that, when they are executed on one or more processors and/or controllers, perform at least some of the functions described in this document. Various storage media may be fixed within a processor or controller or may be transportable, such that one or more programs stored on it can be loaded into the processor or controller to implement various aspects of the present invention described in this document. The terms "program" or "computer program" are used in this document in a generic sense to reference any type of computer code (e.g., software or microcode) that can be used for programming one or more processors or controllers.

Each of the regions 1004A-D includes sources 1008 light, which in one embodiment, the implementation may be East�czniki A, V, A, 916 and 920A-D light. Although the area A described as having twelve springs of 1008 light, W described as having four 1008 source of light, IS described as having eight sources 1008 light, and 1004D are described as having six sources 1008 light region can have only one light source. Sources 1008 light can communicate with each other using a variety of channels, including channels of optical, wired or wireless connection.

One or more sources 1008 light may have a processor and/or memory. In some embodiments, sources 1008 light having a processor, such as controllers 1006A-D, do the schema for sources 1008 light in this area. For example, the controller C can perform the schema for the field S waiting room. In one embodiment, the implementation of one light source having a processor, can be declared as the "master" processor or controller that monitors signals from other processors to ensure proper operation of the system. The main processor may also execute a circuit for a specific area A-D. for Example, the controller 1006D can perform the schema for the field 1004D and can also serve as the main processor for the network 1002. If the main processor detects a problem in the processor to the light source,the main processor may assign a backup processor in the network, so he took upon himself the execution of the scheme for the area. If the main controller 1006D detects a problem in the processor light source, for example, the controller A, the main processor 1006D may appoint a replacement processor in the network, for example, the controller E that he took upon himself the execution of the scheme for the area A. Modules memory 1012 may store information, such as schematics and user preferences. In one embodiment, the implementation of each module 1012 memory stores the same information. If the controller fails to extract information from one memory module, it can extract the same information from another memory module with which it can perform communication. In another embodiment, the implementation of one or more modules 1012 memory store information different from information of other memory modules.

In one embodiment, the implementation, if one or more regions 1004A-D, or portion of the area has no controller 1006, the device in the area 1004A-D can receive instructions from the processor to another region 1004A-D and sensors can hand the observed parameters at him.

In a variant implementation, shown in Fig.10, modules 1012 memory distributed across a network. In this embodiment, the subsystem, or area of the network can provide data to other subsystems or areas that use the information for modifikasi� localized databases. For example, a specific set of conduct can be installed in the field A and preferences stored locally in the module memory 1012, located in the area A. In the field 1004D may not be or may be very few set of behavior, but if the sensors detect there's some kind of other behavior, the controller 1006D can poll the modules 1012 memory in the network to find the nearest match and copy the preferences or options of the schema in the local database/memory in the field 1004D. In one embodiment, the implementation of the controller 1006D can also poll the remote data repositories to find the closest match and copy the preferences or options of the scheme. The principle of forwarding or copying of the behavior of light from one network area to another can also be carried out with the use of a Central database on the network.

In one embodiment, the implementation of the lighting system 102 is an existing device, such as Color Kinetics iPlayer or illumivision Pharos. Such lighting systems based on standard protocols for communication networks lighting, such as digital addressable lighting interface (Dali), digital multiplexing (DMX), the Zigbee standard. Essentially, the illumination system 102 may enable the use of such protocols or other open standards and, therefore, allows the network 101 svedeniaosuschestvennomfakte communication using existing protocols lighting.

Fig.11 is a block diagram of the sequence of operations illustrating a modification of the system diagrams according to some embodiments of the invention. In step 1102 is installed with the original output signal of the device in the schema stored in the repository 206 schema data. In one exemplary embodiment, the initial illumination level can be set at 10%, when the room has no visitors. In step 1104, the system 102 of sensors in the network lighting 101 detects the identification of the user 108 in the network 101 lighting, for example, by detecting the presence of the personal identifier 110, or via detection of biometric data, and in step 1106, the Executive module 106 retrieves preferences associated with the user 108 (or a personal user's schema, if there is any), from the storage data 112. If the extracted personal preferences indicate that the user prefers to change the output signal of the light source, for example, the user prefers 80% of the lighting level in step 1108, Executive module 106 sets a new output signal of the light source and, for example, can set the lighting level of 80%. Thus, Executive module 106 modifies the system schema to align with personal preferences, including feathers�nationalized the device settings of the current user, and translates the modified schema into instructions for controlling the setting of the output signal of one or more light sources in the lighting system 102. In the translation of diagrams in the instructions of the Executive module 106 and/or the controller can interpret instructions in accordance with the network configuration 101 lighting. For example, the Executive body 106 can interpret the diagram "Soothing" in accordance with the capabilities of the system 102 of the lighting. For example, the rules in the schema can assume that will emit light of a particular color, but the lighting system 102 may not have the output capabilities of this color. In this situation, the Executive module 106 may instruct the lighting system 102 for emitting light of a similar color. A modified scheme may be stored in storage 206 schema data. In step 1110, when the system 102 of the sensor no longer detects user 108 in the network 101 lighting, Executive module 106 sets the output signal of the light source in the lighting system 102 in the circuit back to the initial light level 10% at stage 1102 and saves the revised schema in the repository 206 schema.

Fig.12 is a block diagram of the sequence of operations illustrating the implementation of the user preference schemes or from remote databases in a suitable�and with some embodiments of the invention, taking into account of the preferences or scheme for more than one user. In step 1202 is set to the initial output signal of the device. In step 1204, the system 102 of the sensors detects the presence of the user, e.g., via detection of a personal identifier 110 of the user, and in step 1206, the Executive module 106 retrieves preferences associated with the user, from the storage data 112. If the extracted personal preferences or personal schema of the user indicate that the user prefers to change the output signal of the device, in step 1208, the Executive module 106 sets a new output signal of the device. In step 1210, the system sensors 104 detect additional user 116 (see Fig.3), for example, via detection of a personal identifier 114 in the presence of network 101. In step 1212, the Executive module 106 retrieves preferences or schema associated with the second personal identifier 114, from the storage data 112. In one embodiment, the implementation instead of or in addition to the recovery of preferences from the storage data 112 Executive module 106 queries the users, such as user 108, and user 116, for the purpose of obtaining current data user preferences. Each user can enter his Il� her current preferences in his or her personal identifier, which then provides this information to the Executive body 106.

In step 1214, the Executive module 106 determines the average level or the level of combination, using the preferences from the user 108, or additional user 116 having a second personal identifier 114. Such combination may be, but is not limited to, mixing the preferences of two users, secondary users ' preferences and the sequence of user preferences. These preferences for one of the users may include registration data indicating that one of the users has priority status relative to another, in this case the combination of the preferences of two users can be a choice of preference of the user with higher priority, or weighted average of the preferences of the user, giving more weight to the levels of preferences of a user with higher priority, or weighted average, weighted in accordance with the length of time during which a personal identifier and a corresponding user is present in the space. In step 1216, the Executive module 106 sets the output level of light for the light source system 102 to the lighting, how do�Leno in step 1214.

The transition from one output signal to another can be immediate or quick, or it can be delayed or gradual, so as not to lead users present in the environment, to new installations. The transition time can be changed within a few seconds or a few minutes, and this time of transition can be enabled in the user preferences.

Fig.13 is a block diagram of the sequence of operations illustrating the implementation of user preferences or diagrams from a remote database according to some embodiments of the invention. Fig.13 in step 1302, the Executive module 106 receives the data indicating the time of day or from the system sensors 104 or from internal timing mechanism in the Executive module 106. In step 1304, the system 104 extracts sensors sensor input environment, such as, but not limited to, input of weather, input temperature and the level of natural illumination. In step 1306, the system sensors 104 detects one or more users, for example, by detecting personal identifiers 110, and in step 1308, the Executive module 106 retrieves preferences associated with users, such as a shared scheme user groups, shenilia data 112. In step 1310, the Executive module 106 adds the extracted data preferences in the local storage 202 data. In step 1312, the Executive module 106 inserts the shared preferences, time and other data extracted from the system 104 of sensors in the system schema. In step 1314, using a modified system the scheme, Executive module 106 determines control signals to be transmitted to the lighting system 104 to implement the scheme. In step 1316, the Executive module 106 sets a new output signal for light sources in the lighting system 104.

In one embodiment, the implementation of network 101 may provide the user with individualized experiences (e.g., personalized music experience), when he visits all sorts of different places throughout the day. For example, a railway station can have a video screen that can be controlled in accordance with user preferences near it. Those who are looking for work, can upload a short video clip presenting their qualifications and the type of work they are looking for, and additionally may include a telephone number. This clip can be played automatically on the screen to be seen by potential employers in the County, contributing to their meeting. The people selling the car privately, you can do well, or even �if they sell other products. Advertising may be associated with the detected phrases.

Although several embodiments of the invention have been described and illustrated in this document, the specialist in the art can easily present numerous implementation options to perform the function and/or obtaining the results and/or one or more of the benefits described in this document.

For example, in large office buildings can achieve significant energy savings through control of lighting and HVAC equipment for rooms for business meetings. I.e., the light sources can be replaced or turned off when the room has no visitors, and the air conditioning may be reduced. The approximate scheme for room for business meetings can include one or more of the following rules: (1) if the meeting room is empty, all devices, including lighting, must be turned off; (2) if there is one visitor in the room that moves, the room should be lit in accordance with the data the visitor's preferences, but the preferences of the visitors have to scale within a small range centered on white light; (3) if there is one visitor in the room, and sits motionless at the table, the system must illuminate the desktop area of the visitor in accordance with this� the visitor's preferences and illuminate the rest of the room with low level for example, with a brightness that is 30% of normal brightness; (4) if there are many visitors in the room for business meetings, and all visitors are, the level of light in the room for business meetings should be set at the average value of visitors ' preferences; (5) if there are many visitors in the room for business meetings, and one visitor sits down at the table, the light projected on the table, where the visitor sits, must be installed on the preference of the visitor, and other lights of the room should be darkened at 5%; (6) if all guests are sitting behind one or more tables, light tables must be set on the preferences of visitors in their specific areas around the Desk or within the room the maximum allowed, and the room's light that is not aimed at the tables must be reduced to a level 30% brightness; (7) if all the guests are sitting, and one or more visitors are beginning to turn, after a certain amount of time after the visitor sat down, add a blue tint to the light; and (8) when a visitor starts to get up, to increase the brightness in the room according to the preferences of the visitor, but to scale the light output signal to a small range centered on white. This scheme can be shared with other networks, with room for business meetings.

In �the bottom of the embodiment of the building management system can control lighting and HVAC equipment, but the alternative she may only have information about how to plan meetings. IMI system can help through controlling when visitors enter or leave the room and inform the governing system of the building, how many people are in the room. Since each person usually produces 100 Watts of heat, a collection of twenty or more people can have a significant impact on requirements for HVAC rooms for business meetings.

Lighting requirements in the rooms for business meetings often change as the change in the work meetings. For example, participants may be separated for video presentations and discussions at the Board. Devices such as projectors, can be connected or can be connected to the building management system, and users can cause confusion for manual control of the light sources, if necessary General illumination during video presentations. IMI-system, however, can determine who is in the room for business meetings on their personal identifiers. Their collective lighting schemes and the location can then be used to determine the most likely preference of lighting for a specific room for business meetings, based on past history.

In another example, the network coverage area which includes the foyer, can �to tearout and/or implement the following scheme to deal with identified and unidentified people. The foyer scheme may include the default mode, when visitors were not detected within the coverage area of the network. In the default mode the space is illuminated with a low level with a slow, but constantly changing color or brightness. Every time one enters the foyer, you enter a different color. The scheme of the lobby may include a mode for the case when the person is near the entrance to the lobby, but outside the lobby. In this mode, when a person close to the entrance, the lighting level is slightly increased or changed color as an invitation to enter. In one embodiment, the implementation or the lobby doors are transparent or has a window near the door so that the visitor can see a change in the level of lighting or the lighting color. The scheme of the lobby may include a mode for the case when the visitor just walked into the lobby and looks around. In this mode increases the brightness in one particular or a randomly selected area, or discolouration in this area. When the main subject of attention of the visitor is moved to the area, the system tracks the visitor's view. Additionally, increased brightness or color change. In one embodiment, the implementation of a bright or colored area then begins to slowly move around the room and the system may continue to monitor the glance visit�me. If a visitor is watching a bright or colored area, may last for enhanced brightness or color. If not, bright or colored area may begin again with the initial zone, trying to persuade the visitor to follow the area of his or her opinion, may be with lesser or greater speed. If a visitor is looking somewhere else, the area facing the view of the visitor, can become brighter or colored, and the process can again be repeated with this new starting point. In one embodiment, the implementation, if the visitor starts to smile or verbally confirms bright or colored area, the whole room can respond with an instant color boost. In this mode, the bathroom trying to show that she can do, but only to the extent to which the visitor responds positively to it. In one mode, if the visitor indicates a specific area in the lobby, for example, if the visitor drew the attention of the guests accompanying him or her, on a bright or colored zone, the zone where the visitor becomes more vivid or enhanced color and used color may be removed from the preference scheme or a visitor, if the visitor of their intensified, or be removed from the preference scheme or the guest, if the guest has stepped up preferences or scheme. In one embodiment, the implementation, if you visit�ü rotated in awe of the lobby, the visitor may be rewarded with a warm glow around her in accordance with the color selected from the visitor preferences. If in the lobby there are already people, increased lighting, color and movement can be minimized close to these people, so as not to disturb them. Coverage around these people already in the system may be determined by some implementations of combining their preferences, limited color gamut defined in the schema. Such combination may be, but is not limited to, a mixture of the preferences of visitors, average visitors preferences, the preference selected priority visitors, a weighted average of the preferences of visitors, based on the priorities of the visitor; and the sequence of the different visitor preferences.

In the example the foyer, when a visitor came in and headed for the scene within the foyer, if at any point the visitor is not interested in looking, for example, the visitor just sits and reads the newspaper, or going directly to the location (e.g., a bathroom, a bar, reception area), lighting system responds by providing light for reading in accordance with her preference, switching to static lighting in accordance with her preference, or trying to determine where she is going to go and provides additional illumination for this�about in accordance with its preference. If there are two or three possible destination, all covered as long as the system will make a more accurate determination as to the place whither the visitor. When a visitor comes towards the destination, more than a warm glow to surround her. It may be due to the weather, or maybe the opposite of the weather, prevailing color or complementary color to the color of clothing, or in accordance with the level of seniority or priority of the visitor. In addition, the color or brightness of the light, following the visitor data may be determined preferences of the visitor. The lobby may also have a mode for the case when a visitor walked into the lobby and found the activity to perform. In this mode, the local lighting adjusted to the activities of the visitor and the preference for lighting of the visitor for this activity. The rest of the illumination is gradually reduced in brightness to save power, but it still changes color gradually, so each time when the visitor's view is removed from the activity, it becomes slightly different. If the visitor then starts to look around, the light may continue to change, or gradually, or quickly.

In yet another example, the schema may be created for the private office to the user. This scheme can be implemented in a set�, with: lighting system, which includes, but is not limited to switchable and/or controllable light sources; and a sensor system having one or more sensors of employment, movement sensors, sensors personal identifier, such as sensors, RFID tags, sensors and geolocation personal identifier, such as sensors geolocation RFID tags. The network may further include one or more of the following software modules embodied on a computer readable medium: a timer or scheduling events, the module learning opportunities behavior and module capabilities recording and reporting of energy use. The network may communicate with a building management system.

For example, the user can work in a private office without any Windows, to use RFID keychain for access to the building's private office when arriving at the office and, as a rule, pass directly to the outside of the front door of the building to the private office of the visitor. During the day, the user can usually stay in the office user, but sometimes goes off at the scheduled meetings for long periods of time, leaving the private office is empty. The user can sometimes work late at night and on weekends, and this can happen regular� or at random times. IMI-system can receive the notification from the security system that the user entered the building, after which he can turn on the lights in the private office. If the user came early and fixtures buildings disconnected from security lighting, IMI system can include only those lights necessary to illuminate the route to the private office of the user. The sensor system may also query the RFID tag of the user on a regular basis to determine the location of the user within a preset distance, for example, one meter. If the user is in a meeting somewhere in the building, the sensor system can detect it, and the Executive module can turn off the lights in the office the user after a preset delay and include them when you return.

IMI-the system can also control the intensity of light office user during the day, simulating a change in the intensity of natural light. In addition, if a private office is of luminaires solid-state lighting (SSL), the system can also control the color temperature and spectral composition, adjusting the circadian rhythm of the user. Studies of night shift workers (sailors and submarines) showed that the change in lighting so about�time reduces the stress levels of employees.

IMI-the system also knows the preferences of the user that the user prefers moderately high levels of external light, while the person in the next office might prefer significantly lower levels of external lighting. If this person visits the office user, IMI-the system can choose the light dimming office user as a compromise. As the primary entity that resides in the private office, the user may be given the right to override this behavior. If the user overrides the dimming of the light often enough, IMI-the system learns the user's preference without special information about this preference.

IMI system also may refer to or pyroelectric ultrasonic sensor employment in the office of the user. If he determines that a personal identifier of a user reports that the user is in a private office, but found no movement for a long period of time, IMI system can dim or turn off the lighting system on the assumption that the user has left the office, but left the personal identifier on the user's desktop, or fell asleep. Again, the user may override this behavior, and if overridden frequently, IMI-system is trained on �Velicina time delay of the occupancy sensor and in the end, just ignore it.

IMI-the system can also be connected with a personal scheduler user and other devices, so if it detects that the user is asleep, when approaching the time appointed for the meeting, it issues an audible warning signal plays your favorite music of the user and/or increases the brightness of the light.

In one embodiment of the commandant of the building has access to a daily user activity, although this activity may be provided to the commandant of the building anonymous for privacy reasons. This can provide the commandant of the building records of monthly energy consumption by the user. If the user is an Executive, allowing IMI system to save energy (for example, allowing them to turn off the lights in the private office when it's not the people), the user may be credited a small but significant amount in his or her wages or offer some other incentive.

IMI system also may submit a request to the building management system for the determination of the hourly cost of electricity the utility company and perform the reduction of load by dimming the lights when it is necessary or desirable.

Another exemplary scheme can be created for the private office of the user. This�EMA can be implemented in the network, with: lighting system, which includes, but is not limited to, a switchable and/or adjustable lamps, programmable table lamp with the optical receiver, motorized blinds and/or electrochromic window; and a sensor system having one or more sensors of employment, movement sensors, sensors personal identifier, such as sensors, RFID tags, sensors and geolocation personal identifier, such as sensors geolocation RFID tags; photosensors natural light with the installation of a lamp or ceiling external photocells, sensors, imaging sensors and color temperature. The network may further include one or more of the following software modules implemented on a computer readable medium: a timer or scheduling events, the module with the possibility of learning behaviour-module with the capabilities of recording and reporting on the use of energy; and a module with the capabilities of processing and image analysis. The network may communicate with a building management system and/or office computer system.

In this embodiment, the implementation, the user may have a private office facing West Windows. The user can choose to have lights switched on in the morning, n� usually may be sufficient the flow of natural light in the afternoon, to dim lights or turn them off. However, the sun can sometimes be a source of glare in the afternoon during the summer months, and, therefore, the user can sometimes close the blinds and turn on the light. The user can also choose to dim the lights when the user interacts with his computer and a Desk lamp for normal lighting, but you may need more light when the user holds meetings in the office.

IMI-the system can monitor the sensor light installation in luminaires or ceiling in the room, or it can track the natural illumination sensor, mounted on the roof. In the first case, the IMI system may operate lamps in a closed-loop feedback mode to maintain a constant illumination of the working table in the room. In the second case, IMI-system can be powered lamps in open loop mode to achieve the same purpose, although it must be assumed that the blinds are open.

Itself photosensor installed on the ceiling can only determine the average value of the reflected light within its field of view. However, in one embodiment, the implementation of the IMI system may determine from time-of-day and date calendar, where it is probable that the sun represents the potential�to the real source of glare, and close the blinds, if they are motorized, or equivalent dimming electrochromic window.

In addition, in one embodiment, the implementation, if mounted on the ceiling of the photosensor is an imaging device, IMI system can process images for different purposes, including: (a) determining the current illuminance of the desktop; (b) detecting whether the room people; (C) determining the position of visitors in the room; and (d) perform the functions of the security in the room when there are no people or after work. IMI-system can potentially verify the installed on the computer webcam.

In another variant implementation, if the user regularly closes the blinds on Sunny days during the summer months, IMI-the system can learn this behavior and perform a function automatically when needed. If this step is not required, a simple "undo the last event entered by use of desktop computer or cell phone, sufficient for retraining IMI.

Although many control systems natural light can easily be bewildered by external events, such as passing clouds on a Sunny day or the reflection from the delivery vehicle (which is a real� example), in one embodiment, the implementation of the IMI system may compare the output signal of the photosensor output signals of the other photo-sensors in the building or in other buildings close to to determine a more appropriate response.

The ability to track and share information from multiple sensors can be valuable for safety in some embodiments. For example, in one embodiment, the implementation, if the imaging device detects motion in the room at night, it could be an attacker or just the light from a passing car. However, if it then detects motion outside the room, then this is probably the attacker, and set event alarms to building management systems.

In one embodiment, the implementation, if IMI system detects that the user is in the room in accordance with the position of his personal identifier, it may request the office computer system on recent actions on a desktop computer to determine whether to fade the upper lamps and turn on the Desk lamp.

In some embodiments, it may be more economical to equip table lamp and other light sources to the photodetector, which can accept commands generated by the overhead light�the recreation, instead connect a table lamp to the illumination network with its own Internet Protocol address (IP). Light output signal from fluorescent lamps or SSL lamps can be modulated with digital commands (similar to infrared remote control) that can be visually perceived by users.

In some embodiments, the implementation of the IMI system also may consult or not to be notified of the scheduled meetings user and change the lighting of the room in preparation for scheduled meetings, offering a subtle visual hint that the meeting begins.

With multicolor SSL lamps IMI system also has the ability to track the color temperature of natural light coming into the room, and adjust accordingly the color temperature of the lamp.

According to variants of implementation, described herein, if the scheme for the private office of the user, schema, adapted to the user's preferences can be shared with other networks. For example, to the scheme can contact a network that works in the home office user, or when the user operates additional office and not from your regular office.

Another exemplary scheme can be created for working warranty�VA for the user which is not a private office, such as separated by a partition workstation open office. Such a workspace can have, for example, the top direct-indirect fluorescent lighting and working podscape lighting.

IMI-system may offer the user working in this workspace, independent control and external lighting from overhead fixtures directly above his Desk. IMI-system may also have information about the distribution of lighting in an office space where there is a working space, and, therefore, can ensure that the dimming these lamps has no negative impact on the working and external lighting adjacent workspaces, or separated by a partition jobs. For example, IMI-the system can quickly learn the preferences of employees by recording the reactions of the employee to modify the working and external lighting, raised by their colleagues. Although this may not ensure complete satisfaction for each, it can quickly establish the optimal balance. In one embodiment, the implementation of office workers can be polled in the implementation of environmental change colleagues; in another embodiment, the implementation executes the learning preferences of office workers on the basics� manual modifications of the environment of workers in response to changes to colleagues.

In the circuit according to this embodiment of the IMI system can track the flow of natural light and save energy by dimming the upper lamps when necessary. It can also be powered motorized blinds or electrochromic Windows to minimize visible glare. In some embodiments, the implementation of the IMI system has access to multiple sensors and, therefore, can gain a better understanding of the distribution of electric light and natural light throughout the space. Even if she can't track individual people in space in real time, it can examine the output signal from the multiple photo-sensors and sensors of image formation, to distinguish changes in light levels due to the movement of people and changes in the ambient light conditions.

If, however, the IMI system can track individual people, it can respond to emergency situations requiring evacuation of the building, through the calculation of optimal routes of exit without the risk of congestion at the exits and display them using flashing top lights. It can also ensure that everyone will be evacuated from the building and will determine the location of people who can't do it.

In the scheme for working p�space sensor image formation, mounted on the ceiling or the top of the lamp, can track the user's position and to manage appropriately the lower lighting of the workplace. Alternatively, recessed pyroelectric motion sensor located in the video monitor, you can track the IMI system to manage how energy-saving mode of consumption of the computer, and the lighting of the workplace in a separated partition the workplace.

According to variants of the implementation described in this document, the scheme can be shared with other buildings, networks and IMI systems. For example, the IMI-system with a network coverage area which includes workspaces, you may need to use the preinstalled schemes to work in workspaces.

In some embodiments, the lighting system includes the light fixtures based on SSL, is able to communicate using visible light in free space. The lamps on the basis of SSL does not need any low-voltage wiring or cable channels for communication cables that may be useful to variants of implementation, where is modernized with the use of the IMI system in offices where installation of new wiring and conduit for communication can be prohibitively expensive. System, use�th lamps with SSL, can also be, by its nature, fault tolerant. All fixtures within direct line of sight of each other can communicate with any other fixture in the group. If one lamp or built-in processor fails for any reason, the remainder of the network is not affected. In addition, the lamps which are not within line of sight of each other, however, may communicate via one or more fixtures that are within line of sight of both lamps. In addition, a system using the lamps on the basis of SSL, you can use the link on the basis of visible light, whereas radio-frequency interference or restriction on the bandwidth that may be the case with methods of wireless communication, such as Zigbee or Bluetooth. In addition, for lamps based on SSL does not require additional power electronics, which is required, for example, some LED infrared or radio frequency transceivers. The visible light modulators are an integral part of the LED drivers.

Another exemplary scheme can be created for use in the hotel. For example, a hotel may implement schemes for the use of sources of spotlighting and wall lighting fixtures for a specified�I, that staff member may serve the next guest. Network in the hotel, which has a sensor system that can identify guests who can guide guests through the light tips to the staff member who is ready to do registration.

Lighting, and especially the color, also can be used to identify where members of the tour group should be collected in a large hotel lobby or restaurant. In this case, are equipped with RFID key cards for hotel rooms can serve to determine the location and direction of regular customers unobtrusive manner.

Similarly, the color of the lighting can be used to help two people to locate each other in a large hall, for example, by changing the intensity or color when they are in close proximity to each other. Similarly, the IMI system may send the newly arrived guest to his room by tracing its equipped with RFID key to the hotel room and increase the level of light outside his door in a long corridor, or flash lamp, if he took a wrong turn at the exit, for example, from the Elevator.

The lighting control system may be perceived by customers as a system that responds to, and helps �m, instead of or in addition to the system, which is managed by the hotel.

In the swimming pool or gym of the hotel guests can be alone late at night or early in the morning. In this situation IMI system can use the camera to track the position of a man in a swimming pool and maintenance of their colored lights (such as LEDs are built into the edge of the pool) or to change the intensity of the colour light in the gym, on the basis of his level of physical activity.

In the hotel rooms IMI system can slowly increase the level of lighting in the morning for ten minutes or so before the alarm rings, giving the body a natural light tip that simulates the sunrise. Similarly, the light in the bathroom can be switched on automatically if the guest gets out of bed at night. On site and in the Park IMI-system can carry guests along the paths by tracking the position of guests and management as appropriate for landscape lighting.

According to variants of the implementation described in this document, if you created the schema for the hotel, the scheme can be shared with other networks and IMI-systems such as, for example, other hotels, motels, buildings, housing associations and apartment complexes�cops which have facilities and lighting systems, such hotel, which was established schema.

Another exemplary scheme can be created for use in a Mall or individual stores in the shopping arcade. Buyers with personal identifiers that indicate membership in the bonus program may be notified by changing the colors of the storefront, if you have interest sales or special events, when they approach the store. For other buyers can change the color display to present a pleasant show, but for members of changes can serve as a notice.

Lighting the entrance to the shop also can instantly change color when the member of the bonus program is in the shop (but only if he activated this functionality), thus confirming its presence and welcoming them. It can also serve as an incentive for other customers to consider membership in the bonus program, especially if you make purchases with friends.

In its most General sense the surrounding IMI-Wednesday, described herein, is an Association of systems that can be combined to perform specific to IMI functions, and there is no need for the network, as such, was fixyou�Noah. For example, computers, Hosteria sensors in the sensor system, for example, ambient light sensors and employment, may not even know that they are used for the purposes of IMI. If Yes, computers can have an impact on their work without having to IMI system has been programmed to track and manage. From the point of view of IMI computers are just data sources.

Although several embodiments of the invention have been described and illustrated in this document, the specialist in the art can easily imagine a variety of other means and/or structures for performing the functions and/or obtaining the results and/or one or more of the advantages described herein, and each of such variations and/or modifications considered to be within the embodiments of the invention described in this document. More specifically, the specialist in the art it is clear that all parameters, dimensions, materials and configurations described in this document are assumed to be exemplary and that actual parameters, dimensions, materials and/or configurations will depend upon the particular application or applications that use the ideas of the invention. Specialist in the art will recognize, or be able to ascertain using no more than the usual experimental�kantinovye, many equivalents of the specific embodiments of the invention described in this document. Therefore, it is clear that the above variants of the implementation presented only as examples, and that within the scope of the attached claims and its equivalents, variants of the invention can be implemented otherwise than specifically described and claimed. Embodiments of the invention the present disclosure relate to each individual feature, system, subject, material, kit and/or method described herein. In addition, any combination of two or more such features, systems, articles, materials, kits and/or methods, if such features, systems, articles, materials, kits and/or methods are not mutually inconsistent, is included in with the features of the invention scope of the present disclosure.

All definitions that are defined and used in this document, should be understood by dictionary definitions, definitions in documents incorporated by reference, and/or ordinary meanings of certain terms.

Indefinite articles "a" and "an" as used in this document in the description and in the claims, unless clearly indicated the opposite, should be understood as meaning "at least Odie�".

The phrase "and/or" as it is used herein in the description and in the claims, should be understood to mean "either or both" of the element, thus combined, i.e. elements, which together are present in some cases and separately present in other cases. Multiple elements listed with "and/or" should be explained in the same way, i.e., "one or more" of the elements combined in this way. Other elements may optionally be present, in addition to the elements specifically identified by the expression "and/or" relevant or do not belong to those elements specifically identified. Thus, as a non-limiting example, reference to "A and/or B", when it is used together with the open wording, such as "containing" can refer, in one embodiment of implementation, only to A (optionally including elements except B); in another embodiment, the implementation, only to B (optionally including elements except A); in yet another embodiment, the implementation as A and b (optionally including other elements); etc.

As is used herein in the description and in the claims, "or" as you must understand, has the same meaning as "and/or" as defined above. For example, under the discernment of elements in the list "or" or "and/or� should be interpreted as including, i.e. at least one, but also including more than one, several or list of elements, and, optionally, additional elements not listed. Only items that are clearly specified in the reverse sense, such as "only one" or "exactly one" or, when used in the claims, "consisting of" refers to the inclusion of an accurate one item or several items list. Generally, the term "or", as used in this document, must be interpreted as indicating exclusive alternatives (i.e. "one or the other but not both") when it is preceded by terms of exclusivity, such as "any", "one", "only one" or "exactly one". The phrase "consisting essentially of" when used in the claims, shall have its ordinary meaning as it is used in the field of patent law.

As is used herein in the description and in the claims, the phrase "at least one", in reference to a list of one or more elements, should be understood as meaning at least one element selected from any one or more items in the item list, but not necessarily including at least one in each and every element specifically listed within the list of items, and is not an ex�sort of any combination of items in the item list. This definition also allows that elements may optionally be present in addition to the items specifically identified in the list of elements referred to by the phrase "at least one" relevant or do not belong to those elements specifically identified. Thus, as a non-limiting example, "at least one of A and b" (or equivalently "at least one of A or b", or equivalently "at least one of A and/or b") can refer, in one embodiment, the implementation of at least one, optionally including more than one, And, without the presence of B (and optionally including elements except B); in another embodiment, the implementation of at least one, optionally including more than one, In, without the presence of A (and optionally including elements except A); in yet another embodiment, the implementation of at least one, optionally including more than one, and at least one, optionally including more than one, B (and optionally including other elements); etc.

You should also understand that, unless clearly indicated the opposite, in any way, as stated in this document, which includes more than one step or operation, the other stages or steps of the method are not necessarily limited to the order in which sets out the stages or steps of the method.

In the formula Fig�plants, as well as in the specification above, all transitional phrases such as "containing", "including", "carrying", "having", "comprising", "including", "containing", "has", etc., as you know, are open-ended, i.e. to mean the inclusion of, but not limited to them. Only the transitional phrases "consisting of" and "consisting essentially of" shall be closed or semi-closed transitional phrases, respectively, as given in the Manual of patent examination, section 2111.03 USPTO.

Movie stars
Annex a
Approximate registration information and preferences
Registration dataPreferences
The predefined registration informationConsumables that you like
2Place and date of birth�Oia 43Favorite food
71Local local time61Lunch
22Sign astrology34Vegetarian or not
6Nationality30Favorite drink
8Age31What are you drinking?
144Age46Favorite smell/aroma
20Pedigree of36Perfume: favorite flavors
21Gender: for men/women79Kind of cigarettes
89DNA markers
23Blood group
The effects that you like
Medical registration data27Preferred dynamics of light
4Doctor and hospital109Type of experience that you like
10Medicine164Preferred lighting dynamics
122Diet182Favorite lighting designers
193Favorite scene lighting
Professional registration data195Favorite scene of natural light
3The company you work for
7Place of workConditions that you like
13Income48Preferred ambient temperature
112Professional data68The preferred mode of transport
127Seat aisle or window
Related to public relations registration information77Favorite time of day
5Married or not88Favorite time of day
18The phone number of the contact person in the address book of the mobile phone with which to contact in case of emergency (ICE-number)82Preferred companion
74Your home address87Description of a satellite
76What are friends
184What are friends
95AnimalsPlaces that are popular
148The social position of children49Favorite places in three-dimensional virtual world Second life (second life)
41Favorite country
Relating to the subscription registration data
1Identifier (ID) of the networkPreferences media
11The e-mail address 40Preferences media
12Phone number67The movies you have seen recently
16The account number in the Bank84The movies you have seen recently
24Insurance139Favorite music
Service providers32Favorite music
86What electronic devices you own140Favorite art
169Card loyalty158Musical instruments
151Musical instruments
Related skills registration information152
9The languages in which you say156Cartoons
130Additional skills157Favorite authors
142Secondary school33Favorite quotes
159The education level161Television stations
37Favorite news channel
Evidence about the situation163Toys
185The current time
192Time of day (current)Preferences in activity
226The weather forecast on the street 141Favorite sport
171Police nearby149Favorite games that you play and level
179The frequency of information133The basic facts of your life
194The indicator of the expiration
199Active issuesThe preference relations
174Preference for brunettes/blondes
198The kind of relationship you are looking for
Related to operations data25Gay or not
135Social Aller�AI
The activities related to travel
69The place from whence you cameRelated to the expression of preferences
70A place where you eat29The color of your clothes
189A warning that you don't want to go to some place72The color of your clothes
85Next destination35Favorite style/clothes
94Plans for a trip26Favorite color
118The time that you are staying at a hotel66Machine type
137Ordered taxi146Preferred�citicolina trade mark
38Favorite brand
Activities associated with reading47Preferred personal brand
110Book memory90The person you want to be
145Share photos and books80Image (avatar) of the virtual world Second life
83The book you read2D3Carbon footprint
81Environment green level
39Heroes
Activities related�Naya planning Social/cultural preferences
53The plan42Political interest
63Activities of the day44Political opinion
115Necessary event28Religion
73The time when you Wake up132Cultural rules
102The presence45Career ambitions
78Free lunch
120ServedSocial network Tribes
153Your turn to take a seat in the restaurant51 The same social network Hyves
200Ask to pay attention (speech)52Available friends
176To provide the sequence in the conversation55People who have the same interest
181Don't bother me56The same interest
191Status display do Not disturb57The same reasoning and significance
97The social network
Biometric and physical data128Connect on Linked - lin
129Memory people + reminder
Biometric data state138 The tribe to which you belong
58Physical state162Favorite friends
59Physical state183The people with whom you want to meet
105Physical strength116Any sports clubs
106Fighting skills65Favorite sport
107Ability to fight
75Biometric information
113Biometric dataRelated to privacy preferences
98All biometric2D4The blocking of information
2D5Not to give information
177Help, I'm shy
Other biometric
data
180Pain thresholdData about the capabilities
64Aura
190To measure the alpha brain wavesData about personal capabilities
196The circadian rhythm cycle65The indicator of types Myers-Briggs
197An indication of sleep problems131Strengths and weaknesses
125Biometric response to the previous lighting experience119Your personal strong point
117Hormone levels121Emotion quotient (E. Q.)
101The activity level123Intelligence quotient (I. Q.)
167Personal evaluation
Condition body functions126The level of access to classified materials
165Vision: you can see better in dark light
17Suffer from color blindnessData related to the purchasing power
19Vision168 Will not be illuminated things you can't afford
178Hearing loss188Shares
166Epileptic seizure15The level of loan
96Health170Public position
60Allergy2D2Social background
2D1The level of concealment
Physical data
154WeightData related to the gaming opportunities
187Height bar stools147The games that you play
155Growth 160The games that you play
172Three-dimensional scan of the body for fashion shopping150Luck in the casino/game
173Your length: the chair is raised and lowered134Your luck at the casino
14The Golf handicap
Relating to the mood data136The Golf handicap
50Relating to the mood data1D3The level of competition
92You overworked?143The highest score in video games
93State of mind
99Tired - light dims Perceived opportunities
100The level of motivation54Attractiveness
1D8The level of popularity
Related to the consumption data111Personal impression
91Drunk or not186The perceived social standing of others
114How much are you drunk
175Alcohol %
104The calories that you have used and you have received
124Status diet, calories received + used

1. System�management lighting, contains:
a first memory that stores at least one of:
data personal preferences, relevant to many users, and these personal preferences corresponding to each of the plurality of users include at least one personalized lighting parameter for each user, and
the schema associated with the observed variables of the system and the schema contains a set of one or more of the rules of operation of the light sources or sensors, and
at least one network, and mentioned at least one network includes:
at least one light source, having managed the installation of the output signal, a sensor system for detecting the identity of the current user or a monitoring system parameter, and
the Executive module, which is in communication with at least one light source and the sensor system, wherein the Executive module includes a controller, and wherein the Executive module receives the identification of the current user or the observable system parameter from the system sensors and communicates with the first memory for data definition personal preferences corresponding to the current user, or selection of a particular scheme depending on other observed parameters, from�ecaudata, what each network has access to a first memory.

2. The lighting control system according to claim 1, dopolnitelnaja second memory that stores the additional circuit, wherein the additional circuit includes at least one lighting parameter, wherein the Executive module modifies the additional scheme to match the personalized parameter light current user or the observable system parameter, and wherein the Executive module translates the modified schema into instructions for controlling the setting of the output signal of at least one light source.

3. The lighting control system according to claim 2, in which the Executive module saves a modified scheme in the second memory.

4. The lighting control system according to claim 1, in which the sensor system detects the absence of the current user is referred to the Executive module revises the modified scheme to match standard lighting option, and referred to the Executive module saves the revised scheme in the second memory.

5. The lighting control system according to claim 1, in which the sensor system detects the additional identification of the user and referred to the Executive module receives identification to�additional user from the system sensors, communicates with the first memory to determine the data of personal preference, corresponding to an additional user, generates the shared personalized lighting parameter, is reviewing the scheme to match the shared personalized parameter lighting, revised and translates the schema into instructions for controlling the setting of the output signal of the mentioned at least one light source.

6. The lighting control system according to claim 5, in which the Executive module generates the shared personalized lighting parameter by averaging personalized parameter light current user and personalized setting lighting additional user or by selecting one of the personalized parameter light current user and personalized option of additional lighting.

7. The lighting control system according to claim 1, in which the sensor system detects the identity of the current user by detecting radio frequency identification card, carried by the current user, or by detecting biometric data corresponding to the current user.

8. System�and control of lighting according to claim 1, in which the observed system parameters relate to one or more persons and include at least one of: the presence of the mentioned one or more persons, the identification referred to one or more persons, locations, referred to one or more persons, the time referred to one or more human gestures mentioned one or more of the actions referred to one or more persons, the persons referred to one or more persons, as well as sound mentioned by one or more persons.

9. The lighting control system according to claim 1, in which the observed system parameters include at least one of: the output signal from at least one light source, ambient light levels, amount of daylight, motion, temperature, humidity, weather and noise.

10. The lighting control system according to claim 1, in which the second memory stores a number of schemes in which the Executive module selects one of the plurality of circuits depending on the personal preferences of the current user or the observable system parameter and in which the Executive module translates the selected scheme in the instructions to control the plant output signal of the mentioned at least one light source.

11. The lighting control system on the P1, in which the mentioned at least one network further comprises schematization to generate the schema.

12. The lighting control system according to claim 1, in which the network further comprises a mediation module and actuator module which communicates with the second memory through communication with the module-mediator.

13. Method for implementing a lighting control system that contains at least two lighting networks that function independently from each other, the method includes:
admission to the Executive module, which includes a controller, the observed system parameters from the system sensors;
the transfer request on the schema in the data store, wherein the request includes information indicating at least one of the observable system parameter;
admission to the Executive module schema from the data store; and
transformation Executive module mentioned schema into instructions for controlling the units of the output signal of the mentioned at least one light source
characterized in that the actuator module of each network communicates with the data store shared by the mentioned networks lighting in the lighting control system.

14. A method according to claim 13, in which the reception of the observed system parameters includes receiving, combined with led�tion of the current user, in this case the transmitted request includes information indicating the identity of the current user and which accept the scheme includes the lighting parameters according to the preferences of the current user.

15. A method according to claim 13, in which the scheme includes rules to control the plant output signal of the mentioned at least one light source and the transform involves the administration of non-permanent rules mentioned in at least one of the schemes application to determine a set of operating rules for the management of the installations of the output signal of the mentioned at least one light source, wherein the administration comprises (I) averaging of the output signal installations of the rules of the schemes of use or (II) prioritization of schemes rules apply.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to lighting devices and control of the lighting devices operation. The result is attained due to the fact that each node out of a multitude of electric fixture nodes in the group of electric fixture nodes connected electrically may be used at a rated power level of a device; current consumption may be detected at least in the tested node of lighting fixtures out of the nodes of lighting fixtures; and the degree of reduced power for each node of lighting fixtures may be defined as a function of current consumption in the tested node of lighting fixtures.

EFFECT: invention ensures selective use of a group of lighting fixture nodes at a reduced power level in order to prevent an overload of the supply circuit and/or overload of one or more nodes of lighting fixtures in the group of the lighting fixture nodes.

21 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to lighting engineering. The lighting system (100) contains many lighting fixtures (101a-d). Each lighting fixture is made with possibility to transmit the identification code ID in the emitted light. To guarantee sufficient registration of the identification codes during selection using the selection device (120) the system additionally contains a control unit (130), made with possibility to identify any lighting fixture which rated excitation is equal pr below the minimum pre-set value or is equal or above the maximum pre-set value. The control unit sets (or commands to excitation system to set) the rated excitation value of such identified lighting fixture to the set value to achieve the appropriate set light output of the lighting fixture ensuring signal sufficient to transmit the identification code ID.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of the light sources control.

11 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting units. The light source 1 has LED module 2, at least, with one series circuit of light-emitting diodes. Terminals of the module 2 are connected to terminals of the power supply 5 which is stabilised by the output current. The power of the module 2 is greater than the power of the light source, and on separate light-emitting diodes the bridging pieces 6 are installed. Light-emitting diodes can be placed along the module surface and are connected in several series circuits, connected to each other in parallel, so that each light-emitting diode of one circuit has corresponding light-emitting diodes symmetric to it in other circuits, their similar terminals are unipotential and can be connected to each other. The light source power is regulated by switching on the ready LED module, without any changes in the light source.

EFFECT: simplification of regulation of the light source power.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: physics, control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to controlling the level of light in building illumination. The result is achieved due to that the level of light is controlled by a control system (2), which is operably linked to at least one interior sensor (3) for detecting the interior level of light; at least one electric light control device (4); at least one window drapery control device (5) for controlling the allowable level of daylight; and a processing unit (7) for processing given control values, which include a given value of the interior level of light. The level of electric light and the allowable level of daylight are controlled concurrently by the electric light control device and the window drapery control device.

EFFECT: providing an automatic power-saving system for controlling building illumination.

10 cl, 10 dwg

Lighting device // 2551109

FIELD: lighting.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting device (2) is made with possibility of light quality data inclusion in the light emitted by the lighting device. The light quality data relate to state of the lighting device (2), for example to end of its k service life. Light can be detected by the control device (3) being external for the lighting device (2). The control device (3) can further help in determination of the lighting device (2) state, as result the current maintenance operations for the lighting device (2) can be made. So, the servicing personnel can replace the lighting devices and/or light sources requiring maintenance according to state indication of each lighting device before any lighting device of the system will achieve its service life.

EFFECT: increased quality of the emitted light due to more accurate determination of the light source state.

8 cl, 5 dwg

Led radiator // 2550743

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: LED radiator circuit is added by N keys and the ring impulse generator having N outputs, each of which is connected to the control inputs of keys, and cathodes of each of N light-emitting diodes through power electrodes of keys are connected to the negative output pole of the driver. The use of keys 4.1, 4.2, … 4.N and the ring impulse generator 3 ensures reliable functioning of the offered LED radiator when using only one driver that will significantly reduce its cost.

EFFECT: improvement of reliability of LED radiator and reduction of its cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. A lighting system for the intensification of the facility visual appearance comprises a lighting unit (5) in order to ensure intensifying lighting and a light register (1) intended for the registration of light reflection by the lighted facility. Reference lighting is mixed up (8) with intensifying lighting. Data on reflected light is filtered (9) in order to filter reflection data (1) from reference lighting. These data are used for the computation of intensified lighting in a processing unit (3).

EFFECT: high efficiency of the lighting system.

13 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting installation (1) comprises input pins (2) for connection to alternating current (AC) network; a circuit (10) of light-emitting diodes (LED) connected in series with input pins; rectifier (30) with input pins (31, 32) connected in series with LED circuit, controllable voltage source (40) with input pins coupled to output pins of the rectifier; in-series assembly of at least one auxiliary LED (51) and the second ballast resistor (52) coupled to output pins of the controllable voltage source. Voltage source comprises in-series assembly of the fist controllable resistor (46) and the second resistor (47) coupled in parallel to input pins; controllable semiconductor stabilitron connected in parallel to output pins, which has input pin (48) connected at connection point between two resistors; at that positive output pin is connected to positive input pin while negative output pin is connected to negative input pin.

EFFECT: simplified regulation of the device in regard to luminous power and luminous efficiency shift to lower colour temperature.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The invention suggests coded light to ensure improved control over light sources and transmission of data using light sources. Assignment of identification frequency for light sources allows assignment of more unique frequencies, i.e. for unique identification of more light sources in the system. Accessible frequency band is divided into uneven frequency areas and frequency is selected from the set of evenly separated frequencies in uneven frequency areas. Operation of the receiver is based on successive principle and able to analyse higher harmonics of the received light signals. Light components are assessed by groups successively.

EFFECT: improving efficiency in appointment of light source identifiers in the lighting system.

15 cl, 8 dwg

Led circuit // 2550496

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. In LED circuits (1) comprised of in-series first and second circuits (11, 12) with the first and second LEDs; the third circuits (13) are connected in parallel to the second circuits (12) to control the first LEDs in the first circuits (11) and /or third LEDs in the fourth circuits (14). The LED circuit (1) receives supply voltage from a power supply source (2, 3) supplying the LED circuit (1). The third circuit (13) receives supply voltage from the second circuit (12) supplying the third circuit (13). Supply voltage may be represented as voltage in the second circuit (12). The third circuit (13) may control the second LEDs in the second circuit (12) additionally. The above control may contain control unit for current passing through the above LEDs in order to turn light down, suppress light blinking, to adjust light and/or to protect overheating.

EFFECT: improving control efficiency.

13 cl, 5 dwg

Light diode lamp // 2248107

FIELD: engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has block for connection to AC current source, converter for forming a DC current source and light diode group, consisting of multiple light diodes. Light diode group is provided with block for prior telling of service duration, including counter for measuring power-on period on basis of frequency of AC current source, integration device for power feeding, which is measured by counter, and for recording integrated value in energy-independent memory device and device for controlling power feeding mode for controlling light level of diodes in different modes, including normal lighting modes. Prior messaging block is meant for integration of power-on period for output of forwarding message, indicating approach of service duration end.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; railway traffic control light signals.

SUBSTANCE: proposed controlled light-emitting diode light signal contains N transformers whose primary windings are connected in series aiding and connected to supply source through contact of signal relay and power electrodes of transistor, and each of N secondary windings of transformers is connected through protective diodes with corresponding group of light-emitting diodes consisting of K light-emitting diodes connected in series aiding. Each of K x N light-emitting diodes of groups is optically coupled with each of parallel connected K x N photoresistors. Light signal contains resistor and comparator circuit where first point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistors is connected to point of connection of contact of signal relay and transformer, and second point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistor is connected to first output of resistor and input of comparator circuit. Comparator circuit consists of differential amplifier whose first input is connected with common contact of voltage drop relay, its front and resting contacts are connected to first and second sources of reference voltage, respectively, second input of differential amplifier being input of comparator circuit whose output connected to control input of pulse generator being output of differential amplifier. Second output of resistor is connected with point of connection of one of power electrodes of transistor and supply source. Invention makes it possible to control brightness of light-emitting diodes and stabilize radiation, and it provides possibility of double reduction of voltage and blackout.

EFFECT: provision of reliable control of light signal.

1 dwg

FIELD: municipal equipment of residential houses and industrial buildings, namely automatic systems for controlling electric parameters, namely apparatuses for automatic control of different-designation illuminating devices.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes primary pulse-type photo-converter with built-in photo detector forming output pulse-width modulated information signal; secondary converter including micro-controller, shaping amplifier, switch, display module, power unit, inductor, unit for controlling illumination, switching controller of power supply of mains. Secondary converter includes in addition real-time clock and standby power source. Primary pulse-type photo-converter is connected with secondary converter by means of two-wire line that is connected with inlet of shaping amplifier and first terminal of inductor at one side and outlet of primary pulse type converter at other side. Outlet of shaping amplifier is connected with first inlet of micro-controller whose second inlet is connected with switch. Third inlet of micro-controller is connected with outlet of real-time clock. First outlet of micro-controller is connected with first inlet of power unit. Second outlet of micro-controller is connected with inlet of display module. Inlet of illumination control module is connected with third outlet of micro-controller. AC supply mains is connected with second inlet of power unit whose first outlet is connected with second terminal of inductor. Second outlet of power unit is connected with inlet of standby power source whose outlet is connected with respective inlet of real time clock. Outlet of illumination control unit is connected with connected in parallel first inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. AC mains is connected with second (connected in parallel) inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. Connected in parallel outlets of said switching controllers through load (illuminating lamps) are connected with zero wire of AC mains.

EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability and safety of apparatus.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; starting and operating circuits for gas-discharge lamps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device designed for use in gas-discharge lamps of high starting voltage amounting to about 4 kV, such as high-pressure sodium vapor lamps, xenon and metal halide lamps that enables starting two lamps at a time from ac 220 V supply mains has dc current supply whose output is connected through series-interconnected converter and rectifier to input of inverter whose common input is connected to common inputs of inverter and rectifier and output, to its inverting output through two series-connected lamps; novelty is introduction of two voltage sensors, current sensor, second inverter, voltage multiplier, switch, capacitor, two delay circuits, OR circuit and NAND circuit; common output of dc current supply is connected to common inputs of two voltage sensors, multiplier, and through current sensor, to common inputs of converter and switch; output of dc current supply is connected to input of second inverter whose output is connected through multiplier to midpoint of two lamps and to capacitor electrode, other electrode of capacitor being connected to input of inverter; output of first voltage sensor is connected to input of NAND circuit and to input of first delay circuit whose inverting output is connected to input of OR circuit whose other input is connected to output of second voltage sensor and output, to clear inputs of converter and inverter, to control input of switch, and to input of second delay circuit whose output is connected to other input of NAND circuit; output of the latter is connected to clear input of second inverter; switch input is connected to rectifier output and current sensor output is connected to control input of converter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency, service life, power factor, and light stability; reduced power requirement.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: lighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.

EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.

20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally has digital counters and comparators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes band filters, included in each light source between output of controlled modulator and transformer control circuit, and amplitude modulator, connected along control chain to adjustable generator and connected between power source and light source.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, emergency lighting equipment for industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes delay circuits and pulse generators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of devices for controlling electric light sources, in particular, lighting or illumination systems, which use light diodes in their construction.

SUBSTANCE: by means of personal computer, using specialized graphic software, a frame of required light diode illumination is formed. By means of color pattern, each imitator of light diode module is colored. After forming of one frame, other frames are formed, which require to be colored in similar way. Number of frames is determined by given model of illumination. As a result, animated cinematic is produced, which reflects appearance of illumination model. After that, programmed model is transferred to flash memory of controller through RS-485 interface port. Then, controller outputs aforementioned data into loop line with light diode modules.

EFFECT: using device for decorative or primary lighting of architectural objects makes possible fast generation of complicated and various models and types of illumination and backlight, with possible control over each module.

2 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: technology for providing power to auxiliary devices of a light.

SUBSTANCE: power of one or several auxiliary devices 26 of light is extracted from lamp power impulse series, fed by phase light controller 28. Direct current power block 44 is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to produce and store direct current energy for powering auxiliary devices. Controller 48 of lamp is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to transfer power of power impulses to lamp 24. Lamp controller 48 has adjustable impulse transfer characteristic for powering the lamp not to interfere with its operation due to alterations to power consumed by auxiliary devices. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic may be provided with switching device 76, which either interrupts or blocks selected parts of lamp power impulses. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic maintains constant apparent brightness of lamp, independently on changes of power consumption by auxiliary devices. In disabled state or in preliminary heating mode transfer of power to lamp 24 is decreased to avoid emission of visible light. In full brightness mode lamp power impulses are practically left unchanged by lamp controller 48.

EFFECT: provision of power to auxiliary devices without using auxiliary force cables and without interfering with operation of light.

3 cl, 16 dwg

Up!