Method and device to use group of lighting fixture nodes

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to lighting devices and control of the lighting devices operation. The result is attained due to the fact that each node out of a multitude of electric fixture nodes in the group of electric fixture nodes connected electrically may be used at a rated power level of a device; current consumption may be detected at least in the tested node of lighting fixtures out of the nodes of lighting fixtures; and the degree of reduced power for each node of lighting fixtures may be defined as a function of current consumption in the tested node of lighting fixtures.

EFFECT: invention ensures selective use of a group of lighting fixture nodes at a reduced power level in order to prevent an overload of the supply circuit and/or overload of one or more nodes of lighting fixtures in the group of the lighting fixture nodes.

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The technical field TO WHICH the INVENTION RELATES

[0001] the Present invention relates in General to a method and apparatus for using node groups of lighting devices. More specifically, various invented methods and device disclosed here relate to the selective use of peer groups of lighting devices with a reduced power level to prevent overloading of the power circuit and/or overload of one or more nodes of lighting devices in the group of lighting nodes.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

[0002] the Node of lighting devices comprises at least one lighting device having at least one light source and at least one driver/ballast, powering the light source. Sometimes the site lighting has only one luminaire. In the group of nodes of lighting devices sometimes are electrically connected with each other in order to distribute power from the power circuit in the host group of lighting devices. For example, the first node of lighting devices may be electrically connected to the circuit of AC power, the second node of lighting devices may be electrically connected to the first node of the lights, and the third node of lighting devices may be electrically connected with WTO�th node of lighting fixtures. The first node of lighting devices can use power from the power circuit AC, and can also transmit power to the second node of lighting fixtures. The second node of lighting devices can use the power transmitted from the first node of lighting, and can also transmit power to the third node of lighting fixtures. Such grouped and electrically connected nodes of lighting fixtures can be used in a variety of markets and applications. For example, such nodes of lighting fixtures can be used in the field of tourism and rental housing to help hold events at various venues.

[0003] With each node of lighting devices in the host group lighting consumes some power. The amount of consumed power can remain essentially constant over time or may vary depending on, among other things, selected in the current time of the output characteristics of the light site lighting (for example, the output light intensity and/or the output color of light). When nodes of lighting fixtures in this group are electrically connected with each other in order to distribute power from the power supply circuit, there is a likelihood that the aggregate p�power consumption of the host group of lighting devices will exceed the capabilities of the power supply circuit. If the aggregate power consumption of a group of lighting nodes exceeds the capacity of the supply circuit, it can cause tripping of the circuit breaker associated with the power circuit, may cause the melting of the fuse associated with the power circuit, and/or may cause other unwanted and/or hazardous events.

[0004] besides, when a group of nodes of lighting devices electrically connected to each other in order to distribute power from the power supply circuit, there is a likelihood that the aggregate power consumption of a plurality of lighting nodes in the peer group of lighting devices will exceed the electrical capabilities of one or more nodes of lighting devices in the group of lighting nodes. For example, there is a likelihood that the first node of lighting devices connected directly to the supply circuit and the first node of lighting fixtures delivers the power (directly or indirectly) the set of subsequent nodes of the lights, and the total power consumption of the subsequent nodes of lighting devices exceed the electrical capabilities of the first node of lighting fixtures. If the aggregate power consumption of a group of lighting nodes exceeds the capacity of one or �more nodes of lighting devices in the group of lighting nodes, this may cause the melting of the fuse site lighting, tripping breaker site lighting, the excess of the rated current in wiring, site lighting, and/or may cause other unwanted and/or hazardous events.

[0005] As described above, circuit breakers and/or fuses can be used in circuits that include a host group of lighting devices electrically connected to each other, in order to potentially prevent the occurrence of dangerous situations. However, triggered the circuit breaker and/or melted fuse will be/er to cause complete interruption of power supply in the host group of lighting devices. This interruption of power is not desirable (especially if it occurs during work) and will require the person to reset the breaker and/or replace the fuse. Moreover, the breakers and/or fuses can sometimes impractical to operate may be incorrectly installed and/or can be provided with defined settings.

[0006] Thus, there is a need in the prior art provide a method and apparatus for selective use of peer groups of lighting devices with a reduced power level in order to prevent�AMB overload the supply circuit and/or overload of one or more nodes of lighting devices in the group of lighting nodes.

Summary of the INVENTION

[0007] the Present description is directed to invented methods and apparatus for using node groups of lighting devices with a reduced power level. For example, in some methods in order to determine the degree to which you should reduce the capacity of each node of lighting fixtures can be accomplished with the following steps: each of the plurality of lighting nodes in the group of electrically connected nodes of lighting devices can be used at the rated power level of the device, which is less than the maximum power level of the corresponding node of the nodes of lighting devices; can be detected by the current consumption in at least the test node, lighting node of lighting devices; and can be determined the degree to which you should reduce the capacity of each node lighting as a function of the current consumption of the test site lighting. In some embodiments of the method the degree to which you should reduce the capacity of each node of lighting devices may be determined as a function of the current consumption of the test site lighting and nominal estimated the current consumption of the test site lighting. The amount of power used� all nodes of lighting devices in the group maybe there could be selectively limited to a maximum power output of the supply circuit and/or the maximum capacity minimum power consumption among the nodes of lighting fixtures.

[0008] In General, in one aspect is provided a method for selective use of the group are networked together and fed by the nodes of lighting devices with reduced power. Each of the networked nodes of lighting devices comprises at least one controllable lighting device, wherein the method includes the stages at which electrically connects one node of lighting devices of the nodes of lighting devices with a power supply circuit that has maximum output power of the power supply circuit; uses each of the plurality of nodes of lighting devices at the rated power level of the device, each nominal power level of the device is less than the maximum power level of the corresponding node of the nodes of lighting devices; identify the current consumption, at least the test node, lighting node lighting used at the rated power level of the device; determine a reduced power level for each of the nodes of lighting devices, wherein the reduced power level for each of the nodes of lighting osnovy�n, at least on the current consumption of the test device; and serving the team, each node of lighting devices essentially work with a corresponding reduced power level. When each of the nodes of lighting is used with a corresponding reduced power level, is maintained essentially uniform optical output radiation among the nodes of lighting fixtures. The amount of reduced power level for all nodes of lighting devices is selectively restricted based on the maximum output of the power supply circuit.

[0009] In some embodiments, the method additionally includes the stage of determining the intended nominal power consumption, at least the test site lighting. In some versions of those embodiments the reduced power level is further based on a comparison of estimated nominal current consumption with current consumption.

[0010] In some embodiments, the step of detecting the current consumption of at least the test site lighting devices further comprises an individual identification of the current consumption of additional site lighting. In some versions of those embodiments the method further includes the step of ODA�dividing the expected nominal current consumption for the secondary node of the nodes of lighting fixtures, which revealed a current consumption.

[0011] In some embodiments, the method additionally includes the stage of identifying the maximum capacity minimum power consumption among the nodes of lighting fixtures. In some versions of those embodiments the reduced power level is selectively restricted based on the maximum capacity minimum power consumption.

[0012] In some embodiments, the reduced power level is based on proportional extrapolation of the current consumption of the test site lighting. In some versions of those embodiments of the subject site lighting directly electrically connected to the power circuit.

[0013] In General, in another aspect, a method is provided for selective use in the networked together and fed by the nodes of lighting devices with reduced power. Each of the networked nodes of lighting devices comprises at least one controllable lighting device, wherein the method includes the stages at which electrically connects one node of lighting devices of the nodes of lighting devices with a power supply circuit that has maximum output power of the power supply circuit; serves the query command, the network topology of the device in all �evil lighting, moreover, each of the nodes of lighting sends a query command to the device, at least one of any subsequent nodes of lighting devices after receiving the query command, the topology of the network device; determine a master node of lighting devices of the lighting nodes that have not adopted any any command to query the device; determine the expected nominal current of the at least one device node of lighting; use one site lighting and any lighting nodes located after that one node of lighting devices with the rated power level of the device, which is less than the maximum power level of the corresponding node of the nodes of lighting devices; identify a current consumption of at least one node of lighting, when one node of lighting and any lighting nodes located after that one node of lighting devices, used at the rated power level of the device; reduce power consumption of at least part of the nodes of lighting devices based at least partially on a comparison of estimated nominal current consumption with current consumption.

[0014] In some embodiments, the step of reducing sweat�of ellenia power at least part of the nodes of the lighting devices includes reducing power consumption of at least part of the nodes of lighting devices so that between them is maintained essentially uniform optical output radiation. In some versions of those embodiments the step of reducing the power consumption of at least part of the nodes of the lighting devices includes reducing the power consumption of all units of lighting fixtures.

[0015] In some embodiments, one node of lighting is a main node of lighting fixtures.

[0016] In some embodiments, each of the nodes of lighting sends a command to query the device directly to the node from the nodes of lighting devices after receiving the query command, the network topology of the devices.

[0017] In some embodiments, the step of determining the intended nominal current, at least one node of lighting devices of the lighting nodes contains the definition of the intended nominal current secondary node of the nodes of the lights, and the step of detecting the current consumption of at least one node of lighting devices further comprises a separate detection of the consumption current in the secondary�tive node of the nodes of lighting fixtures.

[0018] In some embodiments, the method further includes the step of identifying the first separately powered site lighting in a separate group together in a network, but separately powered lighting nodes, by comparing the estimated nominal current and nominal current of the first current separately powered site lighting with an expected nominal current and current a rated current of at least one of the nodes of lighting fixtures.

[0019] In some embodiments, the method additionally includes the stage of identifying the maximum capacity minimum power consumption among the nodes of lighting and selective constraints reduced power level based on the maximum capacity minimum power consumption.

[0020] In General, in another aspect provided by the lighting devices, which includes a plurality of lighting nodes in communication with each other. Each of the nodes of lighting devices comprises at least one lighting device having at least one light source, at least one adjustable driver, controller, communication system, power input and power output. At least one adjustable driver actuates at less�St least one light source when selectively regulated power level. A controller associated with the adjustable driver. The communication system associated with the controller and at least one other node of the nodes of lighting fixtures. Input power takes power directly to at least one other node of the nodes of lighting and power supply circuit. Power output selectively transmits power of at least one other node of the nodes of lighting fixtures. Each controller is used in determining the power level, in which: each controller may enjoin the driver to operate at a nominal power level of the device, which is less than the maximum power level for the corresponding driver; and at least one controller selectively connects the data of the estimated current consumption of at least one other node of lighting devices and selectively connects the data current consumption current when operating in the mode of determining the power level of at least one other node of the nodes of lighting fixtures. Each controller is also used in the reduced power mode, in which: each controller may enjoin the driver to operate at a reduced power level that is based at least partially on a comparison of estimated nominal intakes�of current consumption.

[0021] In some embodiments, each of the controllers, being in a mode of reduced power, may enjoin the driver to actuate the corresponding at least one light source, which is maintained essentially constant optical output radiation among the nodes of lighting fixtures.

[0022] In some embodiments, multiple controllers, while in the mode of determining the power level, selectively connects the corresponding data estimated current consumption of at least one other node of the nodes of lighting devices and selectively connects the corresponding data current consumption current, with at least one other node of the nodes of lighting fixtures. In some versions of these embodiments, each reduced power level based at least partially on a comparison of many of the alleged nominal current consumption with lots of current consumption current.

[0023] As is used herein, for purposes of the present description, the term "LED" should be understood as the inclusion of any electroluminescent diode or other type of system based on injection/transport media, which is capable of producing radiation in response to an electrical signal. Thus, the term "LED" includes in with�BOJ, but not limited to, various structures based on semiconductors that emit light in response to current, light emitting polymers, organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), electroluminescent strips, etc., In particular, the term "LED" refers to light emitting diodes of all types (including semiconductor and organic light-emitting diodes), which can be configured to generate radiation in one or more of the infrared spectrum, ultraviolet spectrum and different sections of the visible spectrum (generally including radiation wavelengths from approximately 400 nanometers to approximately 700 nanometers). Some examples of LED include, but are not limited to, various types of infrared LEDs, ultraviolet LEDs, red LED, blue LED, green LED, yellow LED, amber LED, orange LED, white LED (discussed further below). Also should be taken into account that the LED can be performed and/or managed with the ability to generate radiation having various bandwidths (e.g., full width at half maximum or FWHM) for a given spectrum (e.g., narrow bandwidth, broad bandwidth), and a variety of dominant wavelengths within a given General color classification.

[0024] the Term "light source" should be understood as a relation to any one or more of a great�the radiation sources, including, but not limited to, sources based on LED (including one or more LED's, which are defined above), mantle sources (e.g., filament lamps, halogen lamps), fluorescent sources, phosphorescent sources, high-intensity discharge sources (e.g., sodium lamp, mercury lamp and metal halide lamps), lasers, other types of electroluminescent sources, bioluminescent sources (e.g., flames), Candela-luminescent sources (e.g., gas lamps, the radiation source is a carbon arc), photo-luminescent sources (e.g., gas discharge sources), cathodoluminescent sources using electronic satiation, galvanoplastia sources, kristallweizen sources, chinauniversity sources, thermoluminescent sources, triboluminescent sources, sonoluminescent sources, radio-luminescent sources, and luminescent polymers.

[0025] the light source may be arranged to generate electromagnetic radiation in the visible spectrum, outside the visible spectrum or in the aggregate, of both. As a result, the terms "light" and "radiation" are used herein interchangeably. Additionally, the light source may include as a single component, one or more filters (�of primer, the color filters), lenses or other optical components. Also, it should be clear that the light sources can be performed for a variety of applications, including, but not limited to, indication, display and/or lighting. "The light source is a light source, which is especially arranged to generate radiation having a sufficient intensity to effectively illuminate an interior or exterior. In this context, "sufficient intensity" refers to sufficient radiation power in the visible spectrum generated in the space or environment (the unit "lumens" often is used to represent the total light output from a light source in all directions, in terms of radiation power or "luminous flux") to provide illumination to the external environment (i.e., light that may be perceived indirectly and which may be, for example, reflected from one or more surfaces of the plurality of intermediate surfaces to be perceived in whole or in part).

[0026] the Term "spectrum" should be understood as a relation to any one or more frequencies (or wavelengths) of radiation produced by one or more light sources. Accordingly, the term "spectrum" refers not only to the frequencies (or wavelengths) in the visible range, but also frequencies (or wavelengths) in the quartz glass emitters�Noah, ultraviolet and other areas of the full electromagnetic spectrum. Besides, this range may have a relatively narrow width (e.g. FWHM, having essentially a little component of frequency or wavelength) or a relatively large bandwidth (several frequency components or wavelengths having different relative intensity). Also should be taken into account that a given spectrum may be the result of mixing two or more other spectra (e.g., mixing radiation respectively emitted from multiple light sources).

[0027] For the purposes of this disclosure, the term "color" is used interchangeably with the term "spectrum" However, the term "color" generally is used for the assignment mainly to a property of radiation that is perceivable by an observer (although this application is not intended to limit the scope of protection of this term). Accordingly, the term "different colors" implicitly refers to multiple spectra, components having different wavelength and/or bandwidth. Should also be noted that the term "color" may be used in combination with white and non-white light.

[0028] the Term "lighting fixture" is used here for referring to the implementation or arrangement of one or more lighting units�moving in a particular structural design, the Assembly or the housing. The term "lighting unit" is used here to designate to the device that includes one or more light sources of same or different types. The lighting unit may have any one of many mounting configurations for the source(s) of light, layouts and shapes of the shell/chassis and/or configurations of electrical and mechanical connections. Additionally, a given lighting unit optionally may be associated with (e.g., including, connected and/or assembled together with) various other components (e.g., control circuit) related to the work of the source(s) of light.

The term "lighting unit based on the LED" refers to a lighting unit that includes one or more light sources based on LEDs, which are discussed above, alone or in combination with other light sources not based on LED. The term "multi-channel" lighting unit refers to the unit of lighting based on LED or not on the basis of LED, which includes at least two light sources adapted to respectively generate different spectrums of radiation, each a great range of the source can be called the "channel of multi-channel lighting unit.

[0029] the Term "controller" is used here to describe the other device pertaining to the work of one or bol�e of the light sources. The controller may be implemented in many ways (e.g., such as with dedicated hardware) to perform various functions discussed here. "Processor" is one example of a controller that applies one or more microprocessors that may be programmed using software (e.g., microcode) to perform various functions described herein. The controller can be implemented with or without the use of the processor and may be implemented as a combination of dedicated hardware to perform some functions and a processor (e.g., one or more programmed microprocessors and associated circuits) to perform other functions. Examples of controller components that may be used in various embodiments of the present disclosure include, but are not limited to, conventional microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits (ASICs) and field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs).

[0030] In various embodiments, the processor or controller may be associated with one or more storage media (generally referred to herein as "memory," e.g., volatile and non-volatile computer memory, such as RAM, PROM, EPROM, and EEPROM, floppy disks, com�act-ROMs, optical discs, magnetic tapes, etc.). In certain embodiments, the media data may be encoded by one or more programs that, when executed in one or more processors and/or controllers, perform at least some of the functions discussed here. Various storage media may be fixed within a processor or controller or may be transportable so that one or more programs stored on it, can be loaded into a processor or controller so as to implement various aspects of the present invention discussed here. The term "program" or "computer program" are used here in a generalized sense for attributing to any type of computer code (e.g., software or microcode) that can be applied for programming one or more processors or controllers.

[0031] the Term "addressable" is used here to designate to the device (for example, the light source in General, the unit or the illumination device, the controller or processor associated with one or more light sources or lighting units, other devices not related to lighting, etc.) that is capable of receiving information (e.g., data) intended for multiple devices, including itself, and Vybornov� response to special information, intended for it. The term "addressable" often is used in combination with a networked environment (or "network," discussed further below), with multiple devices connected together with the help of certain media or communications.

[0032] In one version of one or more network devices connected to the network, can serve as a controller for one or more other devices connected to the network (e.g., for main/sub). In another embodiment, the networked environment may include one or more dedicated controllers that are configured to manage one or more devices connected to the network. In General, each of the multiple devices connected to the network can have access to data that is present in the medium or means of communication; however, this device may be "addressable" due to the fact that it is made with the ability to selectively exchange data with (i.e., receive data from and/or transmit data to) the network, based, for example, on one or more particular identifiers (e.g., "addresses") assigned to it.

[0033] the Term "network" as used here, refers to any mutual connection between two or more devices (including controllers or processors) that facilitates the transfer of information (e.g., UE�of Alenia device, data storage, data exchange, etc.) between any two or more devices and/or among multiple devices connected to the network. As should be clear, the different performance of networks that are suitable for inter-connecting multiple devices may include any of a variety of network topologies and apply any of a variety of communication protocols. Additionally, in various networks according to the present disclosure, any one connection between two devices may represent a dedicated connection between two systems or alternative unselected connection. In addition to the transfer of information intended for the two devices, such unselected connection may carry information not necessarily intended for one or the other device of the two devices (for example, open a network connection). Moreover, it should be taken into consideration that various networks of devices as discussed here, may apply one or more wireless, wire/cable, and/or fiber-optic lines to facilitate the transmission of information throughout the network.

[0034] the Term "user interface" as used here refers to the interface between a human user or operator and one or more devices that provide connectivity between the user � device(s). Examples of user interfaces that can be used in various embodiments of the present disclosure include, but are not limited to, switches, potentiometers, buttons, gauges, sliders, mouse, keyboard, keypad, various types of game controllers (e.g., joysticks, trackballs, display screens, various types of graphical user interfaces (GUIs), touch screens, microphones, and other types of sensors that may receive some form of man-made signals and to generate signals in response thereto.

[0035] it Should be noted that all taken together, the above ideas and more ideas that are discussed in more detail below (and such ideas do not contradict each other), will be part of the object of the invention disclosed here. In particular, all the totality of the claimed subject matter presented at the end of this disclosure are considered part of the invention, as disclosed here. Should also be noted that the terminology explicitly used here, which may appear in any disclosure incorporated by reference, would correspond to a value that is most coherent with special designs disclosed here.

BRIEF description of the DRAWINGS

[0036] In the drawings identical the symbol�texts generally refer to the same parts in all views. In addition, the drawings are not necessarily made to scale, instead, in General, made emphasis on the illustration of the principles of the invention.

[0037] FIG. 1 illustrates four nodes of the lighting units; three units of lighting fixtures, which distribute power from a common power supply circuit via the connection in the power circuit with each other; all four nodes of lighting devices connected to the network with each other.

[0038] FIG. 2 illustrates one of the nodes of lighting devices of FIG. 1.

[0039] FIG. 3 illustrates a variant of the implementation of part of the generalized logic host controller lighting devices of FIG. 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0040] When the lighting nodes of a group are electrically connected with each other in order to distribute power from the power supply circuit, there is a likelihood that the aggregate power consumption of the host group of lighting devices will exceed the capabilities of the power supply circuit. If the aggregate power consumption of a group of lighting nodes exceeds the capacity of the supply circuit, it can cause tripping of the circuit breaker associated with the power circuit, may cause the melting of the fuse associated with the power circuit and/or may cause other unwanted and/or hazardous events. In addition, there is a likelihood that total intakes�power consumption of a plurality of lighting nodes in the group of lighting nodes may additionally or alternatively exceed the electrical capabilities of one or more nodes of lighting in the host group of lighting devices, thereby potentially causing the melting of the fuse node of lighting fixtures, the opening operation of the interrupter of the site lighting equipment, the excess of the rated current in wiring, site lighting and/or causing the occurrence of other undesirable and/or dangerous events. Although circuit breakers and/or fuses can be used to potentially prevent the occurrence of dangerous situations, triggered the circuit breaker and/or melted fuse will be/er to cause complete interruption of power supply in the host group of lighting devices. This interruption of power is not desirable and will require the person to reset the breaker and/or replace the fuse.

[0041] Thus, Applicants have found that there is a need in the prior art in providing a method and apparatus for selective use of peer groups of lighting devices with a reduced power level. This method and apparatus can prevent overloading a circuit and/or overload of one or more nodes of lighting devices in the group of lighting nodes, thereby potentially preventing the tripping of the breaker and/or melting of the fuse.

[0042] more generally, Applicants detected�lived, what will be enabling the provision of a method and apparatus that selectively reduce power consumption of at least part of the plurality of lighting nodes in the peer group of lighting devices based at least on one measured characteristic in the group of lighting nodes.

[0043] With the above-mentioned various options for implementation and execution of the present invention relate to method for selective reduction of power consumption of at least part of the plurality of lighting nodes in the peer group of lighting devices. In some embodiments of the method in order to determine the degree to which you should reduce the capacity of each node of lighting fixtures can be accomplished with the following steps: each of the plurality of lighting nodes in the group of electrically connected nodes of lighting devices can be used at the rated power level of the device, which is less than the maximum power level of the corresponding node of the nodes of lighting devices; can be detected by the current consumption, at least the test node, lighting node of lighting devices; and can be determined the degree to which you should reduce the power of each lighting fixture node�in, as a function of the current consumption of the test site lighting. In some embodiment of the method, the extent to which you should reduce the capacity of each node of lighting devices may be determined as a function of the current consumption of the test site lighting and nominal estimated the current consumption of the test site lighting. The amount of power used by all nodes of lighting devices in the group may may be selectively limited to a maximum power output of the supply circuit and/or the maximum capacity minimum power consumption among the nodes of lighting fixtures.

[0044] FIG. 1 in one embodiment of the network 10 lighting devices includes a group are networked together and powered lighting nodes: the first node 10A of lighting devices, the second node 10B of lighting devices and a third node 10C lighting. A host of lighting devices comprises at least one lighting device having at least one light source and at least one driver/ballast, powering the light source. Sometimes the host of lighting devices includes only one light fixture.

[0045] the Nodes 10A, 10B and 10C lighting, eat together perfeicao 1A AC power. In particular, the first circuit 1A AC power is electrically connected to the input 12A of the power of the first node 10A of lighting devices using the wiring 3A. The output 14A of the power of the first node 10A of lighting devices connected to the input 12A power using the internal wiring of the first node 10A of lighting and electrically connected to the input of 12V power to the second node 10B lighting with wiring 3A-B. Additionally, the first node 10A of lighting can change the power output, adopted from the first circuit 1A AC power inlet 12A power up to the power obtained at the output 14A of the power. The 14V output power of the second node 10B of lighting devices connected to the input 12V power using the internal wiring of the first node 10A of lighting and electrically connected to the input 12C power of the third node 10C lighting with wiring 3B-S.

[0046] the Nodes 10A and 10B of lighting devices connected to the network with each other using the compounds 5A-B between the transmitter 18A of data from the first node 10A of lighting and the receiver 16B data of the second node 10B lighting. Similarly, the nodes 10B and 10C of lighting devices connected to the network with each other using the compounds 5B-C between the transmitter 18B data of the second node 10B lighting and priemnika� 16C data of the third node 10C lighting. Additionally, the receiver of the data given node of lighting devices and the data transceiver of the node of lighting devices can be combined as a transceiver of the data.

[0047] the Fourth node 10D lighting devices connected in a network with nodes 10A, 10B, 10C lighting, but separately fed by the second circuit 1D AC power. The second circuit 1D AC power is electrically connected with the input 12D power of the fourth node 10D lighting using 3D wiring.

[0048] In some embodiments, each node 10A-D lighting devices may contain nachennoe through the network connection with any immediately preceding or succeeding node 10A-D lighting. Such end-to-end network connection can provide a clear link between two adjacent nodes 10A-D lighting. For example, the first node 10A of lighting devices may be located in end-to-end connection with the second node 10B of the lights, and the second node 10B lighting devices may be located in end-to-end connection with the first and third nodes 10A and 10C lighting. In some embodiments, Ethernet and DMX can be used as protocols of exchange of signals. Perhaps the second DMX channel can be configured to work as DMX, thereby providing end-to-end exchange of signals between adjacent devices. In other embodiments, can be applied bus connection network. In such embodiments, each network 10A-D lighting fixtures possible can be individually addressable.

[0049] the Data can be transferred between different nodes 10A-D lighting on any physical medium, including, for example, twisted pair coaxial cable, fiber or wireless link using, for example, infrared transmission, microwave or encoded visible light, and any suitable transmitters, receivers or transceivers may be used to perform the communication network 10 knots of lighting fixtures. Any suitable Protocol may be used to transmit data, including, for example, TCP/IP, variations of Ethernet, universal serial bus (USB), Bluetooth, FireWire, Zigbee, DMX, 802.1 lb, 802.11 a, 802.1 lg, token ring, token bus, a serial bus, the networking of the supply lines of the supply network or lines with low voltage, or any other suitable wireless or wired Protocol. A network of 10 nodes of lighting devices may also use aggregate physical environment and/or Protocol data.

[0050] In FIG. 2 shows further detail the first node 10A will light�found devices in FIG. 1. The first node 10A of lighting devices includes a controller 20 in electrical communication with the system connection 15A, which includes the receiver 16A of the data transmitter and data 18A. The controller 20 is also electrically connected to the input 12A power output 14A power driver 22 of the light source. The driver 22 of the light source is connected to power supply to the input 12A of power and actuates the source of light 24. In some embodiments, the driver 22 may be an LED driver, and the source of light 24 may be a light source based on LED and it could include many different colors LED. In other embodiments, the driver 22 of the light source can be HID driver, and the source of light 24 may be HID light source. The driver 22 of the light source is adjustable and actuates to control the source of light 24 in accordance with the instructions of the controller 20, thereby to achieve the required light output of the source of light 24. For example, the controller 20 may request the driver 22 of the light source to modify one or more characteristics of the light source 24 of the light, such as, for example, the intensity and/or color. The controller 20 may change the characteristics of light output, as a part, including a light display, in response to the user control, and/or to�ensati the output power of the first node 10A of lighting fixtures, as described in further detail herein.

[0051] the Controller 20 is also configured to measure one or more values indicating the current consumption of the first node 10A of lighting fixtures. The current consumption of the first node 10A of lighting represents the current consumed by the first node 10A of lighting fixtures in addition to the power consumption of any subsequent nodes of lighting devices, which are connected in a circuit with the node 10A of lighting devices (e.g., the second node 10B lighting devices and/or the third node 10C lighting). The controller 20 may be configured to measure the current consumption of current of the first node 10A of lighting devices by measuring one or more characteristics of the input voltage 12A power and/or the output 14A power can be electrically connected to a separate device that measures the current consumption of a current, or otherwise can measure the current consumption and/or receive signals, also characterizing the current consumption of a current.

[0052] the First node 10A of lighting devices comprises one lighting device. In some embodiments, the first node 10A of lighting devices may include one or more of additional.�additional components such as, for example, cooling fan, heat dissipation structure, the casing, on/off switch and/or additional lighting unit (for example, an additional driver and the light source). In some embodiments, the first node 10A of lighting devices may be the only lighting. In some embodiments, the first node 10A of lighting devices may be lighting ColorBlaze TRX supplied by Philips Color Kinetics and a controller configured according to one or more aspects of the methods and devices described herein. In some embodiments, other nodes 10B, 10C and 10D of lighting devices of FIG. 1 can share a configuration essentially similar to the configuration of the first node 10A of lighting fixtures. In other embodiments, one or more other nodes 10B, 10C and 10D of lighting devices of FIG. 1 may have a unique configuration. For example, in some embodiments, one or more nodes 10B, 10C and 10D of lighting devices may contain multiple lighting devices may jointly managed by one controller. In addition, for example, in some embodiments, one or more nodes 10B, 10C and 10D of lighting devices may contain different configuration source� light driver and/or controller.

[0053] FIG. 3 illustrates a variant of the implementation of part of the generalized logic of the controller 20 to the first node 10A of lighting fixtures. Perhaps the controller of each of the other nodes 10B, 10C and 10D of lighting devices may contain such a generalized logic. In step 150, the controller 20 keeps track of the query command, the network topology of the devices. Request command, the network topology of the devices may be issued by any of the nodes 10A-D lighting. Request command, the network topology of the devices may be issued in response to a predetermined event (e.g., initial power on one or more nodes 10A-D lighting, and/or when the power load in one or more nodes 10A-10D lighting reaches the threshold) and/or in response to user-initiated event (e.g., actuation of a switch or other user interface, possibly combined with one or more lighting devices of the network 10 lighting devices). Request command, the network topology of the devices can also be re-issued in response to the inclusion of additional nodes lighting later and/or addition of lighting nodes to the network 10.

[0054] After receiving the query command, the network topology of the devices in step 152, the controller 20 se�t query command device, at least in the lighting node devices that are directly connected to its transmitter 18A of data. For example, the first node 10A of lighting fixtures will send a query command to the device, at least a second node 10B lighting. The query command can be sent by the node 10A of lighting devices within a certain time after receiving the query command, the network topology of the devices.

[0055] In step 154, the controller 20 waits for a query command to the device received from the preceding node of lighting fixtures. The controller 20 can expect the query command of the instrument, taken prior to, simultaneously with or after sending its own team of requesting device in step 152. If the query command of the instrument is not accepted by the controller 20 during the pre-determined time of reception of a query command, the network topology, then the controller 20 will proceed to step 170 and proceed to the main site lighting. If, on the other hand, the query command of the instrument is accepted by the controller 20 during the pre-determined time of reception of a query command, the network topology, then the controller 20 will proceed to a subordinate role of a lighting device, and it will proceed to step 160.

[0056] In the configuration of the network 10 of FIG. 1 the first node 10A of lighting bodyprint the query command of the instrument, because before him no nodes of lighting devices for feeding the team. Accordingly, the first node 10A of lighting fixtures will act as master node 10A of lighting devices in the network configuration 10 of FIG. 1. Next, the first node 10A of lighting devices to send commands to identify and set-up in subsequent nodes 10A-10D lighting devices, thereby to determine the number of subsequent nodes of lighting devices in the network 10. Perhaps the first node 10A of lighting can consistently send commands to identify and configure the nodes 10B-10D lighting and take responses from the nodes 10B-10D lighting devices, thereby to determine the order of the nodes 10A-10D lighting. For example, the nodes 10A-10D lighting can have continuous communication with each other, and the first node 10A of lighting can first send commands to identify and configure the second node 10B lighting, which then forwards the data back to identify the first node 10A of lighting before the departure of the team identifying and configuring the third node 10C lighting. Accordingly, in such embodiments, the first node 10A of lighting fixtures will know how far downstream is every �green 10B-D lighting, based on the sequential order in which messages are received replies to the command detecting and setting.

[0057] In step 172, the controller 20 requests and receives the estimated value of rated current from each of the subsequent nodes 10B-D lighting. The value of the expected nominal current at each node of lighting fixtures indicates an estimated current consumed by this node lighting fixtures only (not including the current consumption of any subsequent nodes lighting) when one or more of its drivers operate at the rated power level is less than the maximum power level of the driver(s). In some embodiments, each node of lighting can have only one value of the expected nominal current and only one nominal power level. In other embodiments, the controller 20 of the master node of lighting fixtures may prescribe subsequent nodes 10A, 1OB, 10C and/or 10D lighting to work with special nominal power level, and corresponding nodes 10A, 10B, 10C and 10D lighting can determine (e.g., using one or more reference tables and/or one or more formulas) corresponding to the value of the expected nominal current.

[0058] In step 172 to�of troller 20 it is also possible queries and takes the maximum value of the consumption current of each of the other nodes 10A-D lighting. The maximum value of power consumption indicates maximum power load that can safely be kept for site lighting fixtures. The maximum value of the current consumption can be based, among other things, on the values of the fuse and/or the value of maximum current transaction corresponding node 10A, 10B, 10C and/or 10D lighting. In step 172, the controller 20 may also queries and takes the maximum value of the power level from each of the other nodes 10A-D lighting. The maximum value of the power level indicates the maximum amount of current that will be consumed by the corresponding node 10A-D lighting fixtures only (not including the current consumption of any subsequent nodes of lighting devices) when the corresponding node 10A-D lighting operates at maximum power level.

[0059] In step 174, the controller 20 sends the command to the subsequent nodes 10B-D lighting devices to operate at their respective nominal power level of the device. The controller 20 also instructs the first node 10A of lighting devices to operate at the rated power level of the device. In some embodiments, each of the nodes 10A-10D lighting can accept commands to operate at essentially similar but�Inal power levels of the device. In other embodiments, one or more nodes 10A-10D lighting devices can receive commands to work with a unique nominal power level of the device.

[0060] In step 176, the controller 20 requests and receives the current value of the current consumption from each of the subsequent nodes 10B-D lighting. The controller 20 also receives the value of current consumption current to the first node 10A of lighting fixtures. Possibly, the controller 20 may request and receive the current value of the current consumption from the nodes 10A-D lighting devices in sequential order. As described here, the current value of the current consumption of each of the lighting devices 10A-10D represents the current consumption of a corresponding node 10A-D lighting in addition to the power consumption of any subsequent nodes 10A-D lighting devices that have a connection on the food chain. For example, the first node 10A of lighting devices will have the highest value of current consumption current, when it delivers the power in the second and third nodes 10B and 10C lighting. When each of the lighting devices 10A-10D are used in essentially similar nominal power level of the device, the first node 10A of lighting will have a value of valid�delivery of current consumption which is approximately three times the expected nominal current to the first node 10A of lighting fixtures. When each of the lighting devices 10A-10D is used in essentially similar nominal power level of the device, the second node 10B lighting will have a value of current consumption current which is approximately twice the expected nominal current to the second node 10B of the lights, and the third node 10C lighting will have a value of current consumption current which is approximately equal to the estimated nominal current to the third node 10C lighting.

[0061] Based on one or more comparisons of the alleged nominal current current current consumption, the controller 20 can recognize that the third node 10C lighting is the last node of lighting fixtures, powered for the first circuit 1A of power. For example, if the topology of the network 10 lighting devices is determined, the controller 20 can recognize that the third node 10C lighting is the latest fed by node based on a comparison of estimated nominal current current current consumption of the first, second and/or third nodes 10A-lighting.

[0062] the Fourth node 10D about�vetically devices will also have the current value of the current consumption which is approximately equal to the estimated nominal current, as it is powered by the second circuit 1D and nourishes none of the subsequent nodes of lighting fixtures. When the network topology is determined, the controller 20 may recognize that the fourth node 10D lighting is powered by the second power supply circuit, since it is located after the third node 10C lighting. If additional networked nodes of lighting devices were attached after the fourth node 10D lighting (either jointly or eating incompatible with the fourth node 10D lighting), the controller 20 can determine that feed on these devices second circuit 1D of the food they eat or the supply circuit that is different from the second circuit 1D power based on, among other things, comparisons of estimated nominal current and current consumption current of the fourth node 10D lighting devices 10D and/or other subsequent nodes of lighting fixtures.

[0063] If necessary, in step 178, the controller 20 determines a reduced power site lighting for one or more of the first node 10A of lighting and the subsequent nodes 10B-10D lighting. Reduced power site lighting for one or more nodes 10A-D lighting appr�the ditch will be needed if the total current consumption of the nodes 10A-D lighting devices connected to a power circuit, superior options of this one power, when such nodes 10A-D lighting devices are used at the maximum power level. For example, if the first circuit 1A has a maximum power nominal current of fifteen amperes, and the total current consumption of the nodes 10A-WITH lighting more than fifteen amperes at maximum power level, then it will be necessary to reduce power site lighting for one or more nodes 10A-WITH lighting. The maximum value of the first current circuit 1A power can be defined as a fixed value supplied to the controller 20, or may be communicated to the controller 20 through the user interface. In addition, for example, if the second circuit 1D has a maximum power nominal current of ten amperes, and the total current consumption of the node 10D lighting more than ten amps, then it will be necessary to reduce the capacity of the node, lighting node 10D lighting.

[0064] the Reduced power level will also be necessary if the total current consumption of the nodes 10A-D lighting installations after jointly fed by one of the nodes 10A-D lighting, exceeds m�kimalee the value of the current consumption of a single node lighting when such subsequent nodes 10A-D lighting devices are used at maximum power. For example, if the first node 10A of lighting devices has a maximum value of the consumption current of fifteen amperes, and the total current consumption of the nodes 10B and 10C lighting more than fifteen amps, then it will be necessary to reduce power site lighting for one or more nodes 10A, 10B and 10C lighting. The maximum value of the consumption current of the first node 10A of lighting fixtures can be defined as a fixed value supplied to the controller 20, or may be communicated to the controller 20 through the user interface.

[0065] If the reduced power level is needed, it may be determined based on the current consumption of one or more of the nodes 10A-D lighting devices specified in step 176, and the estimated nominal current consumption of one or more of the nodes 10A-D lighting devices determined in step 172. For example, as described herein, the controller 20 may determine that the nodes 10A-lighting eat together, based on a comparison of estimated values of the rated current of one or more of the nodes 10A-D lighting and current values of the current consumption of the nodes 10A-D PR lighting�hog. In some embodiments, the controller 20 may further analyze the values of the current the current consumption of one or more of the nodes 10A-lighting devices for determining a reduced power level. For example, if the total current consumption of the nodes 10A-WITH lighting when working at nominal power levels of the device constituting about fifty percent of their respective maximum power levels, approximately ten amps, the controller 20 may determine that each of the nodes 10A-lighting devices will operate at a reduced power level, which is seventy-five percent or less of the maximum power level in order to prevent exceeding the value of fifteen amps first circuit 1A of power. In other embodiments, controller 20 may analyze the maximum power levels of one or more of the nodes 10A-lighting devices for determining a reduced power level. For example, if the total maximum power level of the nodes 10A-lighting is approximately twenty-amps, the controller 20 may determine that each of the nodes of lighting fixtures will operate at a reduced power level, which is seventy-five percent or Myung�above from the maximum power level for to prevent exceeding the value of fifteen amps first circuit 1A of power. In some embodiments, at least one measured current consumption current can be used to determine which nodes of lighting devices together feed and in other embodiments can be further used in the current calculation of reduced levels of power. In one of the two above-mentioned scenarios, the reduced power level based at least on one measured the current consumption of a current.

[0066] a specialist in the field of technology, realizing the advantage of the present disclosure, would take note that a reduced power level may be determined using any number of methods and using any number of indicators in addition, at least one of the measured current consumption. For example, the reduced power level may be calculated so that the total power level together as a powered node of lighting leaves a predetermined value below the maximum current capacity. In addition, for example, the reduced power level may be computed based on a linear formula, nonlinear formula and/or with reference to one or more tables. In addition, for example, reduced insulation level�ü power can be calculated given the speed of one or more fans of the nodes 10A-D lighting devices and/or one or more environmental parameters such as temperature.

[0067] In step 180, the controller 20 gives a command to each of the subsequent nodes of lighting devices to operate at a reduced power level. In some embodiments, the capacity of all the nodes 10A-D lighting devices in the network 10 can be reduced essentially uniformly in proportion to below the maximum power level, thereby to maintain essentially uniform optical output radiation in the world of lighting nodes 10A-D lighting. For example, the capacity of all the nodes 10A-D lighting can be reduced essentially uniformly in proportion so that when all lighting devices shall be operated at essentially the same light output relative to one another, the output light in the world of lighting is essentially the same. In addition, for example, when lighting devices are driven in fixed proportions to each other, the output light in the world of lighting is formed at essentially the same fixed proportions. In other words, while maintaining essentially uniform optical output radiation among lighting �of ribarov when operating at a reduced power level, given the proportionality among the lighting devices is essentially the same as described proportionality in the world of lighting when working at the maximum power level (despite the fact that the output intensity of light of each of the lighting devices may be reduced).

[0068] In some embodiments, it may be necessary and/or desirable for the first node 10A of lighting fixtures to measure its own current consumption to determine the number of subsequent nodes of lighting devices connected to it. For example, if all nodes 10A-lighting devices consume substantially the same current at their rated power levels, then the controller 20 after reading the current value of the current consumption of approximately three times the value of the expected nominal current in node 10A of lighting devices, to conclude that the first circuit 1A power connected three nodes of lighting fixtures. In addition, if determined by the topology of the network, then the controller 20 may read the current value of the current consumption of approximately the value of the expected nominal current consumption in the fourth node 10D lighting, to conclude that only this node PR lighting�hog is connected with the second circuit 1D.

[0069] In some embodiments, where the estimated nominal current consumption and current consumption is determined for a plurality of nodes 10A-D lighting, unintended reading between one or more nodes 10A-D lighting can make the network 10 to give a warning about the health system user and/or off. For example, where the comparison of the current consumption of the current and projected nominal current consumption of the preceding node of lighting shows that four additional site lighting must be connected after this node lighting, but the comparison of the current consumption of the current and projected nominal current consumption immediately after site lighting shows that only one additional unit must be connected directly after this successor node of lighting, you may receive a warning about the health system. A warning about the health system it is possible to identify certain potential problems with the previous site lighting.

[0070] In some embodiments, only a portion of the node 10A-D lighting can be used with a reduced level�e power, while the other nodes 10A-D lighting devices used in undiminished power level. In some embodiments, one or more of the nodes 10A-D lighting can be used at the first reduced power level, while one or more other nodes 10A-D lighting devices are used in the second reduced power level that is different from the first reduced power level.

[0071] Next, in FIG. 3, if at step 154, the query command of the instrument is not accepted by the controller 20 (for example, if the network 10 is modified so that the node 10A of lighting fixtures is not the very first), then the controller 20 will take him for a slave controller. As described herein, in step 160, the controller 20 will send the value of the expected nominal current in main controller. The controller 20 may also send the maximum value of the consumption current in the main controller and/or the maximum value of the power level in this controller. The controller 20 may send these values to the main controller after the expiration of the period of time of reception of the inquiry command device or possibly can deliver these values in response to a request by the master.

[0072] In step 162, the controller 20 uses the site lighting at a nominal level powerfully�ti device. The controller 20 may perform this procedure after the expiry of a period of time, automatically after startup (in other words, the site lighting may be used at the rated power level of the device), or after receiving a command from the controller 20 (the lighting device may only can nourish the controller 20 [not lighting fixture(s)] command received from the controller 20).

[0073] In step 164, the controller 20 sends the current measurement of the current consumption in the main controller. The controller 20 may perform this procedure after the expiry of the period of time or after receiving a command from the controller 20.

[0074] In step 166, the controller 20 instructs the driver 22 to operate at a reduced power level, as resulting mainly from site lighting. It is clear that the reduced power level is a maximum power at which the driver will work, and that the driver may, for example, in the course of their scheduled show, temporarily reduce the capacity in which he works, below is a reduced power level. For example, if the maximum current that the device can consume when operating at a reduced power level, is three ampere, the unit may, in the course of displaying or otherwise operate at a current of less than three amps.

[0075] Various methods can be used �La achieve reduced levels of power within the light source lighting fixture nodes 10A-D lighting. For example, in the first method, the maximum output level of each color light source will decrease equally. This first method essentially supports the correctness of color on the entire range of the output device and limits the output intensity of a single color. In addition, for example, in the second method, the maximum output level of the light source is reduced only when the multiple color light source are active at the same time. This second method can essentially maintain correct color limitation of the intensity of the output when more than one color light source is active. This second method also can provide a maximum output intensity for saturated colors. In addition, for example, in the third method, all the colors of the light source is lit at the maximum output levels and output levels are reduced only when the specified output levels exceed the reduced power levels, in this third method, the correct colors are sacrificing for the sake of maximum output, when multiple configurations of color output are active.

[0076] In certain embodiments, the main controller may be separately connected to the nodes 10A-10D lighting and may not contain the host part of lighting fixtures. For example, in some embodiments �of sushestvennee the main controller may be enclosed in a separate enclosure and can be placed in network connectivity with one or more of the nodes 10A-D lighting. In some embodiments, all nodes of lighting devices in the network support the ability to measure current consumption current. However, it is clear that the methods described here can still be effective, even when only a portion of the lighting nodes of the network devices support this functionality.

[0077] As described herein, in some embodiments, the master controller can apply the command to all nodes of lighting devices, which are networked with each other, including the nodes of lighting devices that do not feed on a common power circuit, to operate at essentially uniform reduced power level. However, in other embodiments, where the main controller detects the network topology, the master controller can apply the command to all nodes of lighting fixtures that eat together, work with essentially uniform reduced power level, but maybe can give the team another fed separately to the host group of lighting devices to operate at different reduced power level or the maximum power level. For example, the controller 20 of the node 10A of lighting fixtures can give a command to the nodes 10A-FROM the lighting to operate at a reduced power level, but to apply the command to the node 10D lighting R�to work at the maximum power level. Moreover, in other embodiments, the controller 20 of the node 10A of lighting devices may, after identifying the node 10D lighting, separately fed, to ensure the node 10D lighting with the possibility of Autonomous self-management (and control one or more nodes of lighting devices that can be connected after a node 10D lighting).

[0078] In some embodiments, network 10 may be performed so that the topology of the nodes 10A-D lighting devices may not be fully detectable. This situation may occur when some of the bus system are used instead of through signal connections. In such embodiments, the previously identified main controller (which possibly can be a part of one of the nodes 10A-D lighting) can query the active current consumption of all the nodes 10A-D lighting when all nodes 10A-D lighting devices receive a command to operate at essentially similar nominal power level. The maximum current that will be consumed by any device or advanced sequences of devices, hereinafter is calculated using a proportional extrapolation of current consumption current, at least one of the nodes 10A-D lighting. I�Arseny power level for each node of lighting devices is further defined, based on proportional extrapolation, and is transmitted to all the nodes 10A-D lighting.

[0079] for Example, all the nodes 10A-D lighting can be used in essentially similar nominal power level in fifty percent, and the main controller may be provided with active current consumption in each. The main controller may determine that the greatest current consumption associated with any of the nodes of lighting, is ten amps. The main controller may be notified that the smallest current rating of any of the power circuits in the network is fifteen amps. The main controller can then apply the command to all nodes 10A-D lighting network lighting devices to operate at a reduced power level in seventy percent to ensure that the total power level of any of the nodes of lighting devices connected to a common power circuit does not exceed the lowest value of a current of fifteen amperes of a circuit in the network.

[0080] Then, as here described and illustrated several embodiments of the invention, specialists in the field of technology clearly imagine a variety of other means and/or structures for implementing the functions and/or obtaining the results and/or one or more of the advantages described herein, and each of such changes and/or transformations is considered to be included within the scope of protection of the embodiments of the invention, described here. More generally, a specialist in the field of technology will clearly understand that all parameters, dimensions, materials and configurations described here are important examples, and what operating parameters, dimensions, materials, and/or configurations will depend upon the specific application or applications for which suitable/; and the conception of the invention. A specialist in the field of technology will take into account or will be able to identify, using no more than routine experimentation, many equivalents to the special embodiments of the invention described herein. In this regard, it should be clear that the above-mentioned variants of the implementation presented solely by way of example, and that within the scope of protection of the appended claims and their equivalents of the embodiments of the invention can be implemented otherwise than as specifically described and claimed. Embodiments of the present disclosure is directed to each individual feature, system, article, material, kit and/or method described herein. In addition, any combination of two or more such features, systems, articles, materials, kits and/or methods, if such features, systems, articles, materials, kits and/or methods do not contradict each other, are included within the scope of protection of the present�of invention.

[0081] All of the definitions that are presented and used here should be understood to control over dictionary definitions, definitions in documents incorporated by reference, and/or common meanings of certain terms.

[0082] a Single number used in the description and the claims, unless otherwise stated, should be construed as meaning "at least one".

[0083] the Phrase "and/or" which is used here in the description and in the claims, should be understood with the meaning of "one or the other or both" of the elements thus combined, i.e. elements, which are jointly presented in some cases and are presented separately in other cases. Multiple elements used with "and/or" should be interpreted in the same way, i.e., "one or more" of the elements so incongruous. Other elements may be represented differently than the elements specifically United by the expression "and/or", regardless of whether or not it refers to these specific items specially. Thus, as a non-limiting example, reference to "A and/or B", when used in conjunction with open expression, such as "containing" can refer, in one embodiment, the implementation only to A (possibly including elements other than B); in other� version of the implementation only In (possibly including elements than A); in yet another embodiment of the and to A and to B (possibly including other elements); etc.

[0084] As used here in the description and in the claims, "or" should be understood as having the same meaning as "and/or", which is defined above. For example, when separating items in a list "or" or "and/or" should be interpreted as including, i.e., at least one, and the inclusion of more than one, several or a list of items, and possibly additional items not listed. Only those expressions that clearly indicates to the contrary, such as "only one" or "exactly one of," or when used in the claims, "comprising" will refer to the inclusion of exactly one element of several or list of elements. In General, the term "or" used here should be interpreted only as indicating exclusive alternatives (i.e. "one or the other but not both") when preceded by the expression of exclusivity, such as "one or the other," "one" "only one" or "exactly one of". "Consisting essentially of" when used in the claims must have a common value that is used in the field of patent law.

[0085] As used here in the description and in the claims, the phrase "for minicamera one" when referring to a list of one or more elements must be understood with a value of at least one element, selected from any one or more elements in the list elements, but not necessarily including at least one of all without exception of the items specifically listed in the list of elements and not excluding any set of elements in the list elements. This definition also provides that items may be presented differently than the elements specifically placed in the list of elements to which the phrase "at least one" refers, regardless of whether or not it refers to these specific items specially. Thus, as a non-limiting example, "at least one of A and B" (or, equivalently, "at least one of A or B", or equivalently "at least one of A and/or B") can refer, in one embodiment, the implementation of at least one, possibly including more than one And without the presence (and possibly including elements other than B); in another embodiment, the implementation of at least one, possibly including more than one B without A (and possibly including items other than A); in yet another variant implementation, at least one, possibly including more than one A and at least one, possibly including more than one In (and possibly including other elements); etc.

[0086] it should Also be understood that except when it is clear about�meant otherwise in any of the ways stated herein that include more than one step or act, the order of the steps or actions of the method are not necessarily limited to the order in which the stages or steps of the method are listed.

[0087] In the claims and in the description above, all introductory phrases such as "containing," "involving" "bearing" "with" "restraint" "composed of," etc. should be understood as an incomplete (open), i.e. with a value including, but not limited to. Only the introductory phrases "consisting of" and "consisting essentially of" shall be closed or semi-closed introductory phrases, respectively.

1. Method sample group are networked together and powered nodes (10A-C) lighting at reduced power, and each of these networked nodes of lighting devices comprises at least one controllable lighting device, the method contains the stages at which:
electrically connect one node of lighting devices of the mentioned nodes (10A-C) lighting fixtures with a circuit (1A) power supply having a maximum output power of the power supply circuit;
use each of the mentioned units (10A-C) lighting devices at the rated power level of the device;
each of the mentioned nominal�an obscene power level of the device is less than the maximum power level of the corresponding node of the nodes of lighting devices;
identify the current consumption, at least the test site lighting devices of the lighting nodes used when referred to the nominal power level of the device;
determine a reduced power level for each of these nodes lighting;
over and above the reduced power level for each of the nodes of lighting devices based at least on the mentioned consumption of current in said test device;
serves the team in each of those nodes of lighting devices essentially work when referred to the corresponding reduced power level;
and when referred to the nodes of lighting is used when referred to the corresponding reduced power level, among the nodes of lighting is maintained essentially uniform optical output radiation; and
and the sum is referred to a reduced power level for all the nodes of lighting devices is selectively restricted based on these the maximum output of the power supply circuit.

2. A method according to claim 1, additionally containing phase, which determine the expected nominal current consumption, at least for the subject site lighting.

3. A method according to �. 2, which referred to the reduced power level is further based on the comparison referred to the alleged nominal current consumption with the power consumption.

4. A method according to claim 1, wherein the said step of identifying the said current consumption, at least in said test node of the lighting devices further comprises a stage on which individually detect the current consumption of the additional node of the nodes of lighting fixtures.

5. A method according to claim 4, additionally containing phase, which determine the expected nominal current consumption for the additional node of the nodes of lighting fixtures.

6. A method according to claim 1, additionally containing a stage at which identify the maximum capacity minimum power consumption among the nodes of lighting fixtures.

7. A method according to claim 6, in which mentioned the reduced power level is selectively restricted based on the above mentioned at least the maximum capacity of the current consumption.

8. A method according to claim 1, in which mentioned the reduced power level based on proportional extrapolation of the said current in said test site lighting.

9. A method according to claim 8, in which mentioned the subject site osvet�tive devices is directly electrically connected with said supply circuit.

10. Method sample group are networked together and fed by the nodes of lighting devices with reduced power, and each of these networked nodes of lighting devices comprises at least one controllable lighting device, the method contains the stages at which:
electrically connect one node of lighting devices of the mentioned nodes (10A-C) lighting fixtures with a circuit (1A) power supply having a maximum output power of the power supply circuit;
submit the request command, the network topology of the devices in all nodes (10A-C) lighting;
moreover, each of these nodes (10A-C) lighting sends a query command to the device, at least one of any follow-up of the above-mentioned lighting nodes after receiving the said query command, the network topology of the devices;
determine the master node of lighting devices of the lighting nodes that have not adopted any of the mentioned query command device;
determine the expected nominal current of the at least one device of the lighting nodes;
use mentioned one site lighting and any of the nodes of lighting fixtures, located after the one mentioned in�La lighting at the rated power level of the device, which is less than the maximum power level of the corresponding node of the nodes of lighting;
identify the current consumption, at least in said one node of lighting devices when the said one node of lighting devices and any of the nodes of lighting fixtures, located after referred to one node of lighting devices, used when referred to the nominal power level of the device;
reduce power consumption of at least part of the mentioned nodes of lighting devices based at least in part, on the comparison referred to the alleged nominal current consumption with the power consumption.

11. A method according to claim 10, wherein the step of reducing the power consumption of at least part of the mentioned lighting nodes contains the stage at which reduce power consumption of at least part of the mentioned nodes of lighting devices so that between them is maintained essentially uniform optical output radiation.

12. A method according to claim 11, wherein the step of reducing the power consumption of at least part of the mentioned lighting nodes contains the stage at which reduce the power consumption of all the nodes lighting �of ribarov.

13. A method according to claim 10, in which the mentioned one node of lighting devices mentioned is a master node of lighting fixtures.

14. A method according to claim 10, wherein each of the nodes of lighting sends the query command to the device directly in the node of the nodes of lighting after taking the said query command, the network topology of the devices.

15. A method according to claim 10, wherein the step of determining the intended nominal current at least mentioned one node of lighting devices of the lighting nodes contains the phase in which determine the expected nominal current of the secondary node of the nodes of the lights, and in which the step of detecting the current consumption of at least mentioned in one node of lighting devices further comprises a stage on which separately identify the current consumption in said additional node of the nodes of lighting fixtures.

16. A method according to claim 10, further containing a stage at which identify the first separately powered hub (10D) of lighting devices in a separate group together in a network, but separately fed by the nodes of lighting devices a comparison of the mentioned presumptive nominee Tokai mentioned current nominal current first mentioned separately powered site lighting fixtures with those alleged by the rated current and mentioned current nominal current, at least one of the lighting nodes.

17. A method according to claim 10, further comprising stages, which identify the maximum capacity minimum power consumption among the nodes of lighting devices and selectively limit mentioned reduced power level based on the above mentioned at least the maximum capacity of the current consumption.

18. A network of lighting devices, comprising:
many nodes (10A-D) lighting devices in communication with each other, and each of these nodes of lighting devices comprises at least one lighting device having at least one source (24) of light; at least one adjustable driver (22) to actuate the mentioned at least one source (24) of light at a selectively adjustable power level;
the controller (20) in connection with the adjustable driver;
the system (15A) connection in communication with said controller (20) and in communication with at least one other node of the nodes (10A-D) lighting;
input (12A) power, receiving power directly, at least from one of the other mentioned sites lighting and the power supply circuit; and
the output (14A) of power for selectively transmitting power of at least one of the other monsters�NLRB nodes (10A-D) lighting;
and every the said controller (20) is arranged to operate in the mode of determining the power level;
moreover, in the above-mentioned mode, determine the power level of each of the said controller (20) instructs referred to the appropriate driver (22) to operate at nominal power level of the device;
and everyone referred to the nominal power level of the device is less than the maximum power level referred to the appropriate driver; and
in this case, at least one controller (20) selectively reported data estimated current consumption of at least one other of the nodes of lighting devices and selectively reported data current consumption current when operating in said mode, determine the power level of at least one other node of the nodes of lighting;
and every the said controller (20) is arranged to operate in the reduced power mode;
wherein in said reduced power mode every the said controller (20) instructs referred to the appropriate driver to operate at a reduced power level;
each mentioned the reduced power level based, at least in part, on the comparison referred to the alleged nominal current consumption from the consumer�leniem current.

19. A network of lighting devices according to claim 18, in which, while in said reduced power mode, each of these controllers instructs referred to the appropriate driver to actuate the respective mentioned at least one light source so that the lighting nodes is maintained essentially uniform optical output radiation.

20. A network of lighting devices according to claim 18, where in said determining the power level of the variety mentioned controller 20 selectively reports the relevant data referred to the alleged current consumption of at least one other node of the nodes of lighting devices and selectively reports the relevant data referred to the current power consumption of at least one other node of the nodes of lighting fixtures.

21. A network of lighting devices according to claim 20, in which everyone referred to the reduced power level based, at least in part, on comparing the many mentioned the alleged nominal current consumption with many referred to the current consumption of current.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to lighting engineering. The lighting system (100) contains many lighting fixtures (101a-d). Each lighting fixture is made with possibility to transmit the identification code ID in the emitted light. To guarantee sufficient registration of the identification codes during selection using the selection device (120) the system additionally contains a control unit (130), made with possibility to identify any lighting fixture which rated excitation is equal pr below the minimum pre-set value or is equal or above the maximum pre-set value. The control unit sets (or commands to excitation system to set) the rated excitation value of such identified lighting fixture to the set value to achieve the appropriate set light output of the lighting fixture ensuring signal sufficient to transmit the identification code ID.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of the light sources control.

11 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting units. The light source 1 has LED module 2, at least, with one series circuit of light-emitting diodes. Terminals of the module 2 are connected to terminals of the power supply 5 which is stabilised by the output current. The power of the module 2 is greater than the power of the light source, and on separate light-emitting diodes the bridging pieces 6 are installed. Light-emitting diodes can be placed along the module surface and are connected in several series circuits, connected to each other in parallel, so that each light-emitting diode of one circuit has corresponding light-emitting diodes symmetric to it in other circuits, their similar terminals are unipotential and can be connected to each other. The light source power is regulated by switching on the ready LED module, without any changes in the light source.

EFFECT: simplification of regulation of the light source power.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: physics, control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to controlling the level of light in building illumination. The result is achieved due to that the level of light is controlled by a control system (2), which is operably linked to at least one interior sensor (3) for detecting the interior level of light; at least one electric light control device (4); at least one window drapery control device (5) for controlling the allowable level of daylight; and a processing unit (7) for processing given control values, which include a given value of the interior level of light. The level of electric light and the allowable level of daylight are controlled concurrently by the electric light control device and the window drapery control device.

EFFECT: providing an automatic power-saving system for controlling building illumination.

10 cl, 10 dwg

Lighting device // 2551109

FIELD: lighting.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting device (2) is made with possibility of light quality data inclusion in the light emitted by the lighting device. The light quality data relate to state of the lighting device (2), for example to end of its k service life. Light can be detected by the control device (3) being external for the lighting device (2). The control device (3) can further help in determination of the lighting device (2) state, as result the current maintenance operations for the lighting device (2) can be made. So, the servicing personnel can replace the lighting devices and/or light sources requiring maintenance according to state indication of each lighting device before any lighting device of the system will achieve its service life.

EFFECT: increased quality of the emitted light due to more accurate determination of the light source state.

8 cl, 5 dwg

Led radiator // 2550743

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: LED radiator circuit is added by N keys and the ring impulse generator having N outputs, each of which is connected to the control inputs of keys, and cathodes of each of N light-emitting diodes through power electrodes of keys are connected to the negative output pole of the driver. The use of keys 4.1, 4.2, … 4.N and the ring impulse generator 3 ensures reliable functioning of the offered LED radiator when using only one driver that will significantly reduce its cost.

EFFECT: improvement of reliability of LED radiator and reduction of its cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. A lighting system for the intensification of the facility visual appearance comprises a lighting unit (5) in order to ensure intensifying lighting and a light register (1) intended for the registration of light reflection by the lighted facility. Reference lighting is mixed up (8) with intensifying lighting. Data on reflected light is filtered (9) in order to filter reflection data (1) from reference lighting. These data are used for the computation of intensified lighting in a processing unit (3).

EFFECT: high efficiency of the lighting system.

13 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting installation (1) comprises input pins (2) for connection to alternating current (AC) network; a circuit (10) of light-emitting diodes (LED) connected in series with input pins; rectifier (30) with input pins (31, 32) connected in series with LED circuit, controllable voltage source (40) with input pins coupled to output pins of the rectifier; in-series assembly of at least one auxiliary LED (51) and the second ballast resistor (52) coupled to output pins of the controllable voltage source. Voltage source comprises in-series assembly of the fist controllable resistor (46) and the second resistor (47) coupled in parallel to input pins; controllable semiconductor stabilitron connected in parallel to output pins, which has input pin (48) connected at connection point between two resistors; at that positive output pin is connected to positive input pin while negative output pin is connected to negative input pin.

EFFECT: simplified regulation of the device in regard to luminous power and luminous efficiency shift to lower colour temperature.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The invention suggests coded light to ensure improved control over light sources and transmission of data using light sources. Assignment of identification frequency for light sources allows assignment of more unique frequencies, i.e. for unique identification of more light sources in the system. Accessible frequency band is divided into uneven frequency areas and frequency is selected from the set of evenly separated frequencies in uneven frequency areas. Operation of the receiver is based on successive principle and able to analyse higher harmonics of the received light signals. Light components are assessed by groups successively.

EFFECT: improving efficiency in appointment of light source identifiers in the lighting system.

15 cl, 8 dwg

Led circuit // 2550496

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. In LED circuits (1) comprised of in-series first and second circuits (11, 12) with the first and second LEDs; the third circuits (13) are connected in parallel to the second circuits (12) to control the first LEDs in the first circuits (11) and /or third LEDs in the fourth circuits (14). The LED circuit (1) receives supply voltage from a power supply source (2, 3) supplying the LED circuit (1). The third circuit (13) receives supply voltage from the second circuit (12) supplying the third circuit (13). Supply voltage may be represented as voltage in the second circuit (12). The third circuit (13) may control the second LEDs in the second circuit (12) additionally. The above control may contain control unit for current passing through the above LEDs in order to turn light down, suppress light blinking, to adjust light and/or to protect overheating.

EFFECT: improving control efficiency.

13 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to control of lighting infrastructure. One embodiment of the invention ensures PC-based method for control of lighting infrastructure, which includes the following stages: generating of the united room layout (10) with lighting infrastructure by joining different room layouts at the display (12, S10); receiving and processing of input signals (14) related to generated united room layout (S12) and generating output signals (16) to control lighting infrastructure in response to processed input signals (S14). The united room layout ensures intuitive control of lighting infrastructure in the way similar to PC painting programme.

EFFECT: simplified control of lighting infrastructure.

15 cl, 7 dwg

Light diode lamp // 2248107

FIELD: engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has block for connection to AC current source, converter for forming a DC current source and light diode group, consisting of multiple light diodes. Light diode group is provided with block for prior telling of service duration, including counter for measuring power-on period on basis of frequency of AC current source, integration device for power feeding, which is measured by counter, and for recording integrated value in energy-independent memory device and device for controlling power feeding mode for controlling light level of diodes in different modes, including normal lighting modes. Prior messaging block is meant for integration of power-on period for output of forwarding message, indicating approach of service duration end.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; railway traffic control light signals.

SUBSTANCE: proposed controlled light-emitting diode light signal contains N transformers whose primary windings are connected in series aiding and connected to supply source through contact of signal relay and power electrodes of transistor, and each of N secondary windings of transformers is connected through protective diodes with corresponding group of light-emitting diodes consisting of K light-emitting diodes connected in series aiding. Each of K x N light-emitting diodes of groups is optically coupled with each of parallel connected K x N photoresistors. Light signal contains resistor and comparator circuit where first point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistors is connected to point of connection of contact of signal relay and transformer, and second point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistor is connected to first output of resistor and input of comparator circuit. Comparator circuit consists of differential amplifier whose first input is connected with common contact of voltage drop relay, its front and resting contacts are connected to first and second sources of reference voltage, respectively, second input of differential amplifier being input of comparator circuit whose output connected to control input of pulse generator being output of differential amplifier. Second output of resistor is connected with point of connection of one of power electrodes of transistor and supply source. Invention makes it possible to control brightness of light-emitting diodes and stabilize radiation, and it provides possibility of double reduction of voltage and blackout.

EFFECT: provision of reliable control of light signal.

1 dwg

FIELD: municipal equipment of residential houses and industrial buildings, namely automatic systems for controlling electric parameters, namely apparatuses for automatic control of different-designation illuminating devices.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes primary pulse-type photo-converter with built-in photo detector forming output pulse-width modulated information signal; secondary converter including micro-controller, shaping amplifier, switch, display module, power unit, inductor, unit for controlling illumination, switching controller of power supply of mains. Secondary converter includes in addition real-time clock and standby power source. Primary pulse-type photo-converter is connected with secondary converter by means of two-wire line that is connected with inlet of shaping amplifier and first terminal of inductor at one side and outlet of primary pulse type converter at other side. Outlet of shaping amplifier is connected with first inlet of micro-controller whose second inlet is connected with switch. Third inlet of micro-controller is connected with outlet of real-time clock. First outlet of micro-controller is connected with first inlet of power unit. Second outlet of micro-controller is connected with inlet of display module. Inlet of illumination control module is connected with third outlet of micro-controller. AC supply mains is connected with second inlet of power unit whose first outlet is connected with second terminal of inductor. Second outlet of power unit is connected with inlet of standby power source whose outlet is connected with respective inlet of real time clock. Outlet of illumination control unit is connected with connected in parallel first inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. AC mains is connected with second (connected in parallel) inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. Connected in parallel outlets of said switching controllers through load (illuminating lamps) are connected with zero wire of AC mains.

EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability and safety of apparatus.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; starting and operating circuits for gas-discharge lamps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device designed for use in gas-discharge lamps of high starting voltage amounting to about 4 kV, such as high-pressure sodium vapor lamps, xenon and metal halide lamps that enables starting two lamps at a time from ac 220 V supply mains has dc current supply whose output is connected through series-interconnected converter and rectifier to input of inverter whose common input is connected to common inputs of inverter and rectifier and output, to its inverting output through two series-connected lamps; novelty is introduction of two voltage sensors, current sensor, second inverter, voltage multiplier, switch, capacitor, two delay circuits, OR circuit and NAND circuit; common output of dc current supply is connected to common inputs of two voltage sensors, multiplier, and through current sensor, to common inputs of converter and switch; output of dc current supply is connected to input of second inverter whose output is connected through multiplier to midpoint of two lamps and to capacitor electrode, other electrode of capacitor being connected to input of inverter; output of first voltage sensor is connected to input of NAND circuit and to input of first delay circuit whose inverting output is connected to input of OR circuit whose other input is connected to output of second voltage sensor and output, to clear inputs of converter and inverter, to control input of switch, and to input of second delay circuit whose output is connected to other input of NAND circuit; output of the latter is connected to clear input of second inverter; switch input is connected to rectifier output and current sensor output is connected to control input of converter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency, service life, power factor, and light stability; reduced power requirement.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: lighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.

EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.

20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally has digital counters and comparators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes band filters, included in each light source between output of controlled modulator and transformer control circuit, and amplitude modulator, connected along control chain to adjustable generator and connected between power source and light source.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, emergency lighting equipment for industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes delay circuits and pulse generators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of devices for controlling electric light sources, in particular, lighting or illumination systems, which use light diodes in their construction.

SUBSTANCE: by means of personal computer, using specialized graphic software, a frame of required light diode illumination is formed. By means of color pattern, each imitator of light diode module is colored. After forming of one frame, other frames are formed, which require to be colored in similar way. Number of frames is determined by given model of illumination. As a result, animated cinematic is produced, which reflects appearance of illumination model. After that, programmed model is transferred to flash memory of controller through RS-485 interface port. Then, controller outputs aforementioned data into loop line with light diode modules.

EFFECT: using device for decorative or primary lighting of architectural objects makes possible fast generation of complicated and various models and types of illumination and backlight, with possible control over each module.

2 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: technology for providing power to auxiliary devices of a light.

SUBSTANCE: power of one or several auxiliary devices 26 of light is extracted from lamp power impulse series, fed by phase light controller 28. Direct current power block 44 is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to produce and store direct current energy for powering auxiliary devices. Controller 48 of lamp is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to transfer power of power impulses to lamp 24. Lamp controller 48 has adjustable impulse transfer characteristic for powering the lamp not to interfere with its operation due to alterations to power consumed by auxiliary devices. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic may be provided with switching device 76, which either interrupts or blocks selected parts of lamp power impulses. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic maintains constant apparent brightness of lamp, independently on changes of power consumption by auxiliary devices. In disabled state or in preliminary heating mode transfer of power to lamp 24 is decreased to avoid emission of visible light. In full brightness mode lamp power impulses are practically left unchanged by lamp controller 48.

EFFECT: provision of power to auxiliary devices without using auxiliary force cables and without interfering with operation of light.

3 cl, 16 dwg

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