Method of drying of clothes, footwear and clothes elements and device for its implementation

FIELD: heating, drying.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to satisfaction of human vital needs. The device for drying of clothes and footwear contains the chamber for placement of clothes elements to be dried where the circulation of drying air flow is arranged at the expense of air intake from the outside of the chamber and its supply by the air injector into the chamber for heating and the subsequent removal of the humidified air flow from the chamber into environment. The chamber is implemented as a cabinet with elements for hanging of clothes subjects and placement of footwear to be dried. In the top part of the cabinet the exhaust fans are mounted. The thermal unit comprising the air heater for heating of air supplied from outside of the chamber and the heated air injector for heated air injection into the chamber is fixed in the lower part of the cabinet. The device is fitted with an electronic control system for controlling the circulation of drying air flow which comprises the control panel with elements of manual setting of values of humidity, temperature and time of drying, air temperature and humidity sensors inside the chamber and executive elements for switching on and off of heating elements of the thermal unit and fans.

EFFECT: design improvement.

5 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the satisfaction of vital human needs, in particular to the drying of clothing and footwear, namely, is designed for the automatic drying of clothes and shoes in different climatic conditions with the help of the drying system, equipped with a blowout of their internal space, the heated air flow, and subsequent excretion of heated air to the outside, as well as the processing of the dried clothes and shoes quartz germicidal irradiator for the purpose of disinfection of the surface of the dried and ionizer to drain and prevent unwanted electrostatic charges.

Known rotary dryer, which contains a closed air circuit adapted to circulate drying air in a drying Cabinet accommodating clothes to be dried, refreshing and/or smoothing (RU # 2455409, D06F 59/02, D06F 58/10, publ. 10.07.2012). Adopted as a prototype for the claimed device.

Tumble dryer according to this patent comprises a closed air circuit adapted to circulate the drying air through a rotating drum including a drum, means to discharge air condenser configured to remove moisture from escaping from the drum saturated drying air, and located �ilk downstream relative to the air condenser means heating the drying air, again directed into the drum, and open-loop cooling air circuit, arranged to provide the passage of air through the condenser cooling air flow diverted from the environment to cool the condenser, and the flow of cooling air again into the external environment. Drum dryer also contains a drying closet for clothes to be dried, refreshing and/or smoothing, connected by fluid from the closed loop of the drying air, so that a closed loop has the ability to provide movement of at least part of the drying air from the section of the closed loop of the drying air, which is located downstream of heating means and upstream relative to the drum in a drying Cabinet, passing through the drying Cabinet, the exit from the drying rack and return either in the drum or in the air condenser. It decreases the humidity of the air.

The disadvantage of this device is that its design features directed only to the organization of the circulation of heated air within the chamber of the drum. The parameters of this air flow is defined as permanent and are not regulated depending on the fabric structure or species that are subject to drying clothes. Thus, the drum mode�e defined drying time put in automatic mode. Drying is terminated after the exposed time, this leads to the fact that during the drying of products from different materials some of the products can be dried before this stage is reached other products. This leads to damage of the material and reduce the life of clothing. Besides, in that the drum cannot be dried shoes or other products different from the form of clothing.

Known section for storage with double built-in wardrobe and hanging clothes and with stand for shoes (RU # 2245093, A47B 61/00, A47B 45/00, publ. 27.01.2005).

A method of producing integrally molded parts made of felt, which is used for drying the canvas of felt (RU # 2457764, A41D 31/02, A42B 1/00, B44C 5/00, A43B 1/00, publ. 10.08.2012). However, the known method is not intended for use when drying clothes and shoes placed in the drying oven.

Known way to control the fog in a drying device for garments, consisting in spraying mist into the drum to remove wrinkles from clothes, and according to the way the spray mist so that the garment reaches the number of fog equal to double the standard amount of water absorbed per unit weight of clothes, and then carry out the drying at a temperature of pereraspredelnie fibers to remove wrinkles from clothes (Publ. application RU No. 2010144458, D06F 58/00,�UBL. 10.05.2012).

However, the known method is not suitable for use in a drying Cabinet under hanging clothes, and it is not intended for simultaneous drying of set of footwear.

The known method of the industrial Ironing and drying of wet clothing, particularly coats, jackets and similar articles, comprising a step of loading, which wears the clothes to the corresponding dummy loading station, the step that moves the clothes worn by the mannequin, from a loading station to station, hot pressing, which performs a step of pressing, consisting of hot pressing is put on the dummy's clothes, and at least the step of uploading, which is pressed and dried the clothes are removed from the discharge station, in which at least selective blowing of superheated air through worn by the mannequin's clothes, at least in a static condition of the dummy, at least in step download, step line and step on discharge, and in a dynamic state of the dummy, at least during its passage between the loading station, the hot pressing station and the discharge station (publ. application RU No. 2011126080, D06F 61/00, publ. 10.01.2013). Adopted as a prototype for the claimed method.

However, the known method is quite time-consuming when used in various climatic� conditions requires expensive equipment and specialists serving him. In addition, it is not intended for simultaneous drying of clothes and shoes.

The present invention is directed to the achievement of the technical result consists in providing the possibility of automatic simultaneous drying of clothes, shoes, hats, PPE and other items of clothing in different climatic conditions, thus improving the wear resistance of clothing at the expense of quality and careful automatic drying and, consequently, increases the term of its service. And also have the opportunity to lower energy costs and storage of dry clothes.

Said technical result for the device is achieved in that the device for drying clothes and shoes and articles of clothing containing chamber to contain be dried items in the chamber is organized for the circulation of drying air flow through air intake from the environment and feeding it by means of the injection of air into the chamber through the unit for heating and discharging the humidified air flow from the chamber to the external environment, the chamber is made in the Cabinet, which houses the elements to be hanging drying clothes and placing shoes and clothing at the top of the Cabinet cm�mounted exhaust fans for discharging the moist air flow from the chamber to the external environment, and in the lower part of the Cabinet is fixed to a heat block comprising a means of heating coming from the outside of the air chamber, and means for forcing heated air inside the camera, the device is provided with electronic management system that includes a control panel with manual controls set the values of humidity and temperature sensors the temperature and humidity of the air located inside the chamber, the Executive node for controlling on and off of the heating means of heating elements in thermal unit, exhaust fans and fan means for circulating the air, and the controller, electrically connected to nodes of the electronic control system and performed with the function of turning off the heating elements and the fans when you reach the humidity values of the air flow inside the chamber or the expiration of the set time exhibited by the manual setting on remote control.

Said technical result for the method is achieved in that in the method of drying clothes and shoes and clothing, which consists in placing clothes and shoes and clothing in the chamber, made in the form of a Cabinet, the forced feeding of the inside chamber of the air flow through air intake from the environment, heating this stream to a predetermined temperature,ensuring the circulation of the heated air flow in the chamber and in the subsequent withdrawal of moist air flow from the chamber to the external environment, additionally determine moisture circulating in the chamber of the heated air stream and upon reaching a predetermined value of humidity is carried out off means for exercising air intake and its heating and venting air flow from the chamber.

These features are essential and interrelated with the formation of a stable combination of essential features, sufficient to obtain the desired technical result.

The present invention will be explained a specific example of execution, which, however, is not only possible, but clearly demonstrates the possibility of achieving the desired technical result.

Fig.1 - General view of the device for drying clothes and shoes;

Fig.2 - the same as in Fig.1, a side view;

Fig.3 - shows the movement of air flow inside the device in the form of Fig.1;

Fig.4 - shows the movement of air flow inside the device in the form of Fig.2.

According to the present invention considers the design of the device for drying clothes and shoes clothing allow automatic simultaneous drying of clothes, shoes, hats, PPE and other items of clothing in different climatic conditions. Such a functional feature of the device allows to increase the wear-resistant�you clothes at the expense of quality and careful automatic drying and, as a result, to increase its service life. And also it is possible to reduce the cost of electricity and the storage of dry clothes.

This device contains a camera to place the subject to the drying of items, wherein the chamber is organized for the circulation of drying air flow through air intake from the environment and feeding it by means of the injection of air into the chamber through the unit for heating and discharging the humidified air flow from the chamber to the external environment. The chamber is made in the Cabinet, which houses the elements for hanging podlasia drying clothes and placing shoes and clothing. At the top of the Cabinet mounted exhaust fans for discharging the moist air flow from the chamber to the external environment, and in the lower part of the Cabinet is fixed to a heat block comprising a means of heating coming from the outside of the air chamber, and means for forcing heated air into the chamber.

The device is equipped with an electronic control system that includes a control panel with manual controls set the values of humidity, temperature and time, temperature and humidity of the air located inside the chamber, the Executive node for controlling on and off of the heating elements of the heating means in a heat block, vitiny� fans and fan means for circulating the air, and a controller electrically connected to nodes of the electronic control system and performed with the function of turning off the heating elements and the fans when you reach the humidity values of the air flow inside the chamber exhibited by the manual setting on remote control.

Technology for drying clothes and shoes is to place items in the chamber of the drying Cabinet is equipped with an automatic electronic control system of air cooling and heating the air circulating inside the chamber, which is then forcibly removed with the aid of exhaust fans, placed in the upper part of the drying system. Electronic drying Cabinet determines optimal operating parameters based on the continuously received data from sensors, humidity and temperature and offline, automatic mode produces a gentle and high-quality drying, in addition, the system carries out the disinfection and ionization chamber of the drying rack.

The following is an example of a specific execution unit.

A drying device (Fig.1 and 2) is a metal Cabinet 1, which used metal sheets, for example, with a thickness from 0.8-1.2 mm, grade 08 PS. Surface is painted with powder polymer dyes. Polo�th inside the Cabinet forms a chamber for drying special clothes, shoes and hats. The camera is not only convenient storage of clothing and shoes, but also for drying them. This camera is also used to implement drying and other items (sports equipment, equipment, equipment, etc.).

The camera inside the Cabinet 1 is equipped with elements of reflective insulation, shelves, rails, hinges, hooks for clothes and shoes or other items dry. These features are not described in detail.

In the lower part of the drying chamber to its base attached to the heat block 2, consisting of heating elements, in particular electric finned heaters, stainless steel, maximum power consumption 1.5 kW (heat unit installed in the lower part of the Cabinet can be equipped with not only the finned heating element, but other types of heaters), and a fan that generates a uniform directional flow of heated air. Air 3 is cold or the ambient temperature climbs outside and enters a heat block 2, where it is heated to a predetermined temperature (Fig.3 and 4). For air intake 3 can be used couplings for the message channel intake system with air injection or direct air intake from outside the room. Hot air heat 4 of block 2 enters�UTR chamber of the drying Cabinet 1. The latter is equipped with electronic system of airflow circulating inside the chamber with heated air 5. The temperature inside the controlled Cabinet temperature sensor 6 and the temperature inside the camera is displayed on digital display digital control panel 7 is placed on the Cabinet. The heating temperature was set from +30°C to +60°C depending on the humidity of the drying items. The control panel has a flexible temperature programming, thus providing an opportunity for drying various fabrics in different climatic conditions.

As a result of drying when installed electronic temperature inside the chamber of the drying Cabinet the evaporation of moisture from the surface of objects drying.

The humidity inside the chamber is monitored by a humidity sensor 8 which indications are also displayed on digital display digital control panel 7.

To remove moist air from the chamber 9 of the drying Cabinet, as well as unpleasant odours in the upper parts use exhaust fans 10 and the coupling (not shown). Couplings are used to connect channels blowing exhaust fans 9 drying rack with a ventilation system for General use (not shown) or for discharging humidified air beyond the premises where installed sushi�flax Cabinet, equipped with an electronic system.

For disinfection of air and surfaces dry items that are placed in a drying oven equipped with an electronic system, use a quartz germicidal irradiator/do 11 (quartz lamp). And to neutralize static electricity from the objects of drying, air purification from impurities use the built-in ionizer 12.

The use of an electronic meter controller (controller electrically connected to the nodes of the electronic control system) in the process of drying was allowed to establish the required operating parameters of the electronic system in automatic mode for drying the clothes, shoes and other articles subjected to drying. Upon reaching the set parameters on the degree of humidity inside the chamber, drying Cabinet, exhibited by the manual setting on the control panel, the meter, the controller automatically disables the operation of heating elements of thermal unit and fan, thereby saving energy costs.

Method of drying clothes and shoes and clothing in this device is to place the clothes and shoes and clothing in the Luggage rack and the forced feeding of the inside chamber of the air flow through air intake from the environment. Then this air flow heating�t to a predetermined temperature and circulating the heated air flow in the chamber, then the humidified air stream is discharged from the chamber to the external environment. Thus, during circulation, and discharging the humidified air stream, further comprising determining the moisture circulating in the chamber of the heated air stream and upon reaching a predetermined value of humidity is carried out off means for exercising air intake and its heating and venting air flow from the chamber.

For example, contaminated, soaked clothing, shoes, hats and personal protection equipment is placed in the chamber of the drying Cabinet. Then activate the electronic system of the drying rack by pressing the button on the digital remote control 7. Next, the system determines the optimal mode of drying based on the continuously received data from sensors, humidity and temperature. After their definition included the electronic system of ventilation and heating, placed in the chamber of the drying system. The humidity and temperature inside the Cabinet is continuously monitored by the sensors 6 and 8, the readings which are displayed on the digital display drying oven cyclically throughout the drying process.

In addition, disinfection of air drying chamber placed in her garments, shoes and hats with germicidal quartz lamp. For neutralizar�and static electricity from the objects of the drying, air purification from impurities use the built-in ionizer. Quartz lamp is in the upper part of the Cabinet, and the ionizer at the bottom (near thermal block). They also cease to exist together with the shutdown of the system. The system is completely de-energized. And the ionizer and UV lamp are working from the beginning of the drying process to its end.

Exhaust and moist air with unpleasant odors are removed from the chamber through exhaust fans and couplings that connect the drying system with a ventilation system for General use, or disperse humidified air beyond the premises where installed drying chamber.

Upon reaching the specified parameters of time, or the degree of humidity inside the chamber of the drying Cabinet, the electronic system switches off automatically. The electronic control system is also configured to implement the functions of stopping the drying process after the preset time or the preset level of humidity inside the chamber.

The unit has a cyclicity of processes of heating and air extraction to achieve a specified percentage of humidity (i.e., heating-ventilation, heating-ventilation, heating-ventilation), until the sensor measuring humidity will show the pre-programmed values and then the system switched�fully consistent with, together with ionizer and quartz lamp.

This is accomplished as follows. The operator sets on the remote control the maximum temperature of the air in the chamber, for example 42°C, the temperature decrease due to dissipation of the air flow from the chamber through exhaust fans, for example -12°C, the humidity is 10% and the timer to 6 hours. After initiation of the drying process is heating circulating in the air chamber, and the humidity is around 90%. When reaching a temperature of 42°C turn on exhaust fans, and heat the unit turns off, the temperature falls to 30°C, humidity up to 80%. Then again turns on the heat block heats the air. Temperature of 42°C turn on exhaust fans, and heat block is disabled. The temperature is reduced to 30°C, humidity up to 80%. Process heating-ventilation is repeated many times and the device operation is completed when the humidity sensor will show a 10% or upon expiration of 6 hours, whichever comes first.

The proposed method allows not only to store but also to provide quality and gentle drying of clothes, shoes, hats and other articles in various climatic conditions in a fully automatic mode.

In addition, the proposed method improves wear resistance special about�IDI at the expense of quality of drying. Using the proposed method allows to reduce the cost of the acquisition costs of special clothing, footwear and means of individual protection of the employee and prolong their service life. And also reduce the energy costs associated with drying clothes, and reduce the risk of fire in the room where installed drying system.

1. The device for drying clothes and shoes and articles of clothing containing chamber to contain be dried items, wherein the chamber is organized for the circulation of drying air flow through air intake from the environment and feeding it by means of the injection of air into the chamber through the unit for heating and discharging the humidified air flow from the chamber to the outside environment, characterized in that the chamber is made in the Cabinet, which houses the items to be dried hanging clothes and placing shoes and clothing at the top of the Cabinet mounted exhaust fans for discharging the moist air flow from the chamber to the external environment, and in the lower part of the Cabinet is fixed to a heat block comprising a means of heating coming from the outside of the air chamber, and means for forcing heated air inside the camera, the device is provided with electronic management system, including with�BOJ remote control with manual controls set the values of humidity and temperature, temperature sensors and humidity of the air located inside the chamber, the Executive node for controlling on and off of the heating means of heating elements in thermal unit, exhaust fans and fan means for circulating the air, and a controller electrically connected to nodes of the electronic control system and performed with the function of turning off the heating elements and the fans when you reach the humidity values of the air flow inside the chamber or the expiration of the set time exhibited by the manual setting on remote control.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that installed inside the chamber, UV lamp and ionizer.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the quartz lamp and ionizer is made with possibility of manual switching on and off or electrically connected to the controller to turn them on when you turn off the heating elements and fans.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it is provided with couplings or sleeves for discharging humidified air beyond the premises where a wardrobe.

5. Method of drying clothes and shoes and clothing, which consists in placing clothes and shoes and clothing in the chamber, made in the form of a Cabinet, the forced feeding inside to�measures the air flow through air intake from the environment, heating this stream to a predetermined temperature, ensuring the circulation of the heated air flow in the chamber and in the subsequent withdrawal of moist air flow from the chamber to the outside environment, characterized in that it further determine moisture circulating in the chamber of the heated air stream and upon reaching a predetermined value of humidity is carried out off means for exercising air intake, heat and venting of the air flow from the chamber.



 

Same patents:

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SUBSTANCE: proposed is a household laundry dryer containing a box-shaped body (3), a rotary drum, a calorifier (8) ensuring hot air flow circulation, a ventilation means (10) creating along the recirculation pipeline (9) air flow (f) through the rotary drum (4), a filtering element (1), positioned in the air flow recirculation pipeline (9) upstream at least one air flow cooling means (13) designed so that to enable easily dismountable installation into the recession (3b) made in the external edge of the laundry charging/discharging hole (3a). The filtering element (1) contains a plastic support plate (20) (designed so that to enable easily dismountable installation into the recession (3b) made in the external edge of the laundry charging/discharging (3a) of the laundry dryer (2) so that to ensure complete closure of such recession (3b), and an essentially hollow housing (21) in the form of a container projecting from the rear surface of the support plate 20 into the inner part (9b) of the air recirculation pipeline (9) of the laundry dryer (2). The hollow housing (21) is fabricated integrated with the support plate (20) by means of pressure casting and is divided into two mutually complementary parts (22a, 22b) in the form of wings pivotally interconnected along the side line. The filtering element (1) additionally contains an O-ring seal (24) made of thermoplastic elastomer and applied onto the whole of the external edge of the support plate (20) and/or a second O-ring seal (25) made of thermoplastic elastomer and applied along the whole of the connective external edge of at least either of the two parts (22a, 22b) of the hollow housing.

EFFECT: design improvement.

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EFFECT: design improvement.

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FIELD: textiles, paper.

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25 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

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EFFECT: improvement of the method.

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FIELD: textiles and paper.

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FIELD: textile industry.

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EFFECT: easy servicing of the dryer.

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FIELD: textiles, paper.

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EFFECT: increased service reliability.

1 cl, 2 dwg

Drum dryer // 2452803

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: drum dryer contains a rotating drum (2) installed inside the outer housing and adapted to receive items for drying. The drum (2) comprises a cylindrical side wall (3), a front flange (11) with a hole for clothes, a rear flange (5), and at least one sound-absorbing coating (8), located on the outer surface of the rear or the front flange of the drum (2) to absorb the sound waves produced by items rotating inside the drum (2) which strike on its wall during the drying process. The sound-absorbing coating (8) comprises a metal sheet (9) and a viscous layer (10) placed between the sheet (9) and the outer surface of the drum (2).

EFFECT: improved drying.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: microwave drying machine (1) for linen comprises a housing (2), a drying chamber (4) located inside it with a front opening (6), a door (7) pivotally mounted on the housing (2) to prevent access to the drying chamber (4), and a source (15) of microwave energy to direct microwave energy into the drying chamber (4). The source (15) of microwave energy is attached to the front panel (16), which is located on the housing (2) and has a central opening (17), coaxial to the front opening (6) of the drying chamber (4).

EFFECT: increased operational reliability.

25 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: household dryer (1) for linen comprises an outer box-body (2) mounted inside it with the ability of rotation about its longitudinal axis (L), drying drum (3) for laundry to be dried, a generator (7) of hot air to circulate the hot air stream inside the drying drum (3), a steam generator (20) to supply steam to the drying drum (3) and a drive (6) to rotate the drying drum (3) around its longitudinal axis (L). End wall (3a) of the drying drum (3) is made breathable for air supply to the drum (3), and the hot air generator (7) contains a pipe (8) of air recirculation, which exhaust end is connected to the end wall (3a) of the drying drum (3), and means (9) of ventilation to form along the pipeline (8) of air stream recirculation (ƒ) entering the drying drum (3) through its end wall (3a). The steam generator (20) delivers steam to the drying drum (3) through a nozzle (22) facing the end wall (3a) of the drying drum (3), and the drive (6) contains an electric motor (12), which rotates the drying drum (3) about its longitudinal axis (L) and actuates the device (9) of ventilation.

EFFECT: design improvement.

1 cl, 1 dwg

Dryer for linen // 2466228

FIELD: textiles and paper.

SUBSTANCE: dryer for linen comprises a chamber (4) for clothes to be dried, an air circuit (5) for circulation of the drying air through the chamber (4) and a dewatering unit (9) to reduce the moisture content in the wet stream of air coming out of the chamber (4). According to the invention the dewatering device (9) comprises a unit (10, 210) of ionisation, designed for electric charge of water dispersed in the air stream, and means (17, 18) of release of water.

EFFECT: improvement of air dewatering system.

1 cl, 3 dwg

Dryer for laundry // 2466229

FIELD: textiles and paper.

SUBSTANCE: machine for drying laundry comprising a rotating drum (2) made with the ability to accommodate objects (3) of laundry to be dried, one or more means (4) of lifting laundry, located on the inner circumferential surface (5) of the drum (2), and an electrical circuit for determining the electrical resistivity and/or conductivity of laundry placed into the rotating drum (2), with each means (4) of lifting laundry comprises at least one first electrode (6) and at least one second electrode (7), electrically isolated from each other and made with the ability to contact with the laundry, and the first electrode (6) and the second electrode (7) are electrically connected, respectively, to the first conductive contact element (8) and the second conductive contact element (9) electrically isolated from each other and located on the outer circumferential surface (10) of the drum (2). The first conductive contact element (8) and the second conductive contact element (9) are in a constant galvanical connection during the drum (2) rotation respectively, the first sliding contact (11) and the second sliding contact (12) made with the ability to slide on the first conductive contact element (8) and the second conductive contact element (9), and both sliding contacts (11, 12) are electrically connected to the control unit (13) for measuring the electrical parameter depending on the residual moisture content in the dried laundry, which connects the first and second electrodes (6), (7). Each means (4) of lifting laundry comprises a first metal part that serves as the first electrode (6), and a second metal part that serves as the second electrode (7). These parts are located on the inner circumferential surface (5) of the drum (2) and are electrically insulated from each other by an insulating spacing element (18), and each means (4) of lifting laundry comprises two metal halves separated from each other by an insulating spacing element (18).

EFFECT: machine for drying laundry enables to define the electrical conductivity or electrical resistivity of laundry processed inside the rotating drum, even when the inner surface of the drum being in contact with the laundry, is made of electrically non-conductive material.

8 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: laundry is dried in the drum (2) under the influence of air flow evaporating the water contained in the laundry, and the drying cycle includes at least one stage of the closed loop during which the air flow with constant air mass (1, 10) passes several times through the drum (2), and at least one stage of the open loop during which the air flow has the air mass intake from the ambient environment and then discharged into the ambient environment after a single flow through the drum (2), and air is heated in during the stage of the closed loop.

EFFECT: improvement of the method.

20 cl, 14 dwg

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