Absorbing product with circular absorbing element

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: absorbing product contains liquid-permeable upper sheet, liquid-impermeable lower sheet, circular absorbing element, located between upper sheet and lower sheet, which has possibility to absorb and retain liquid, passing through upper sheet, second absorbing element, located between circular absorbing element and lower sheet. Circular absorbing element has longitudinally elongated hole in its central part. Second absorbing element has visible area, aligned with position of said hole of circular absorbing element. Second absorbing element contains: transmitting element, absorbing and delivering liquid, retained in circular absorbing element, absorbing main element, absorbing liquid, delivered through transmitting element, with visual area containing multitude of dots, applied by means of stamp on transmitting element, or visible area contains multitude of perforations, formed in transmitting element, or visible area represents area of transmitting element, including different patterns.

EFFECT: increased absorption efficiency and reduction of product thickness are provided.

14 cl, 11 dwg

 

AREA of TECHNOLOGY

The invention relates to an absorbent product such as a personal hygienic pads for the treatment of menstrual blood, incontinence of urine and other liquid secretions of the body.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

A product such as a sanitary pad, strip to panties and a pad for incontinence of urine (hereinafter referred to as "absorbent product"), which absorbs and holds liquid secretion of the body released from the user's body, is widely known in the field of personal hygiene. Such absorbent product typically includes top sheet, bottom sheet and an absorbent core located between the top sheet and bottom sheet. The top sheet is made permeable to the fluid to allow the body fluids to penetrate to the absorbent core to hold the liquid secretions of the body, while the bottom sheet is made impermeable to prevent leakage of liquid secretions of the body and pollutants from the skin of the user or underwear.

For example, the absorbent articles of the prior art, Fig.1 shows the absorbent article described in the Published international application no WO 1997/001998. Fig.2 is a view in cross section taken along the line II-II of Fig.1. Referring to Fig.1 and 2, the absorbent product 50 includes a cover 52, an insulating layer 54, primary medical car�th absorbent element 56 and a secondary absorbent element 58. The coating 52 is permeable to liquids and is located in contact with the user's body. Insulating layer 54 is impermeable to liquid and is attached to the undergarment of the user. The primary absorbent element 56 serves for the absorption of bodily fluids through the coating 52. The secondary absorbent element 58 is formed with a hole 60 through which the area of the primary absorbent element 56 is open.

However, in the absorbent article 50 of the prior art, shown in Fig.1 and 2, the secondary absorbent element 58 includes a non-absorbent polymeric composition 50-95% and, thus, the secondary absorbent element 58 has little effect on the distribution of the liquid secretions of the body. That is, the velocity distribution of the secondary absorbent element 58 is relatively low. Thus, despite the fact that the aperture 60 is of sufficient capacity to hold large quantities of liquid secretions of the body in a short period of time, the liquid body is temporarily held in the secondary absorbent element 58 cannot be immediately absorbed by the primary and secondary absorbent elements 56, 58. As a result, the user can feel the moisture. In addition, the liquid secretion of the body, temporarily withheld, may leak from the absorbent products and zagryazniteley user and underwear.

Description of the INVENTION

The invention is directed to solving the foregoing problems. The invention provides an absorbent article which can properly handle unexpected, sudden release of body fluids.

In accordance with various embodiments of the invention provides the absorbent article with an annular absorbent member. Absorbent product in accordance with one variant of implementation may include the following: permeable to fluid top sheet; not permeable to liquids lower sheet; an annular absorbent element located between the top sheet and bottom sheet for absorption and retention of fluid passing through the top sheet, the annular absorbent element forms a hole in its Central area, wherein the hole is elongated in a longitudinal direction; and a second absorbent element located between the annular absorbent member and the lower sheet, whereby the absorbent element has a viewable area that is aligned with the position of the hole of the annular absorbent member.

In one embodiment, the second absorbent element may include: transmitting element, absorbing and delivering retained fluid in the annular absorbent element; and an absorbent main element, absorbent, sufficient�Lenno via the transmitting element. In addition, the visible area may include a plurality of dots printed with a print on the transmitting element or the plurality of holes forming the transmitting element.

In one embodiment, the annular absorbent member may be formed so that the lower surface of the annular absorbent element facing the second absorbent element that absorbs and distributes the liquid faster than the upper surface of the annular absorbent element facing the upper sheet.

In one embodiment, the annular absorbent member can have a width 22-52 mm and a length of 50-150 mm. Ring-absorbing element may have a thickness of 0.5-3 mm.

In one embodiment, the opening may have a width of 20-50 mm and a length of 30-100 mm. the Internal volume of the hole, which is formed as a product of a flat area of the hole and the thickness of the annular absorbent element may be in the range of 0.5-3.0 ml. the distance from the end of the annular absorbent element in the direction of the width of the hole may be equal to or more than 2 mm.

In one embodiment, the annular absorbent element may include having absorbent properties of the material, which is equal to or more than 50% of the total weight of the annular absorbent member. In addition, the density with absorbing properties of the material can�t to be lower than that the density of the second absorbent element. With absorbing properties of the material may include cellulose fibers.

In one embodiment, the flat area of the hole may be equal to or more than 20% of the entire flat area of the annular absorbent member.

In one embodiment, the hole may include a plurality of perforations.

Absorbent product in accordance with one variant of implementation includes an annular absorbent element having a hole. Thus, the absorbent product can absorb and retain large amounts of fluid the body and can deliver the liquid secretion of the body to the absorbent core element through the transmitting element. Since the top sheet is partially spaced from the transmitting element through the hole of the annular absorbent element, the upper sheet can become dry in a short period of time after the introduction of the liquid body. Accordingly, the absorbent article can provide a sense of dryness to the user.

Since the hole is formed elongated in the longitudinal direction of the absorbent products in the Central absorbent portion of the ring element, the liquid secretion of the body, passing through the top sheet may advantageously be distributed in the longitudinal direction than in �the direction of the width of absorbent products. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent the intensive distribution of the liquid secretions of the body in the direction of the width of absorbent products, thereby preventing the flow in the direction of the width of absorbent products.

In addition, since the visible area is formed in the transmitting element so as to correspond to the hole of the annular absorbent member, the user can visually see the visible area through the upper sheet. As a result, the user can assume that the capacity of the hole is greater than the actual capacity, and can be expected that the absorbent product will instantly absorb large amount of liquid secretions of the body. Thus, the absorbent article can provide a sense of security to the user.

BRIEF description of the DRAWINGS

Fig.1 is a perspective view showing the absorbent article of the prior art.

Fig.2 - view in cross section along the line II-II of Fig.1.

Fig.3 is a perspective view showing the absorbent product in accordance with one variant of implementation, with pieces of absorbent products, partially carved.

Fig.4 is a view in section along the line IV-IV of Fig.3.

Fig.5 is a perspective view showing the annular absorbent element shown in Fig.3.

Fig.6 is a photograph showing artificial blood deposited on the absorption�the total product is tilted in the longitudinal direction.

Fig.7 is a photograph showing artificial blood distributed after application, as shown in Fig.6.

Fig.8 is a photograph showing artificial blood deposited on the absorbent product is tilted in the direction of width.

Fig.9 is a photograph showing artificial blood distributed after application, as shown in Fig.8.

Fig.10 is a photograph showing the top sheet after the application of artificial blood on absorbent product.

Fig.11 is a photograph showing the bottom sheet after the application of artificial blood on absorbent product.

The PREFERRED embodiment of the INVENTION

Embodiments of absorbent articles will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. The same reference position indicate similar or corresponding parts in the images of drawings.

As used herein, the term "longitudinal direction", in General, refers to the direction, which coincides with the front and rear direction in the body of a user when the absorbent product is on the user, while the term "width direction" refers to the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction. Also, used here the term "upper" is usually based on the orientation depicted in the drawings, while therm�h "bottom", usually refers to the opposite direction to the upper direction.

Referring to Fig.3 and 5, the absorbent article 100 in accordance with one variant of the invention includes: permeable to fluid top sheet 110; impervious to liquids lower sheet 120; and an annular absorbent element 130 and the second absorbing element 140, 150, located between the top sheet 110 and the bottom sheet 120. The second absorbing element 140, 150 is located between the annular absorbent element 130 and the bottom sheet 120. The annular absorbent element 130 absorbs and holds the liquid passing through the top sheet 110. The annular absorbent element 130 has a hole 131 formed in its Central area. Hole 131 is formed elongated in the longitudinal direction. The second absorbent element has a viewable area or region of detection 141, which is aligned with the hole 131 of the annular absorbent element 130. In one embodiment, the second absorbent element 140, 150 may include: transmitting element 140, absorbing and delivering the liquid retained in the annular absorbent element 130; and an absorbent main element 150, absorbing and collecting the liquid delivered through the transmitting element 140. The transmitting element 140 and an absorbent core element 150 may be separately performed or formed�coloured integrally. The liquid may include the fluid secreted from the body of the user (hereinafter, the liquid secretion of the body).

The top plate 110 serves for the transmission fluid and rapid movement of liquid to the annular absorbent element 130, so that is in contact with the top sheet 110. The top sheet 110 may include a material having a wetting ability, hydrophilicity and porosity.

The bottom sheet 120 may be made of an impermeable plastic film. The bottom sheet 120 prevents the flow of body fluids held in the absorbent core element 150 and leaving stains or dirt on the skin or undergarment of the user.

The annular absorbent element 130 is located under the top sheet 110. The annular absorbent element 130 serves to absorb part of the liquid secretions of the body, passing or penetrating through the top sheet 110 and for temporary retention.

As shown in Fig.5, single hole 131 formed in the Central portion of a circular absorbent element 130. In another embodiment, the annular absorbent element 130 may include a plurality of perforations, which are arranged so as to conform to the shape of the opening 131, instead of the single hole 131. The hole 131 can affect the increase in the volume of the annular itity�delivery element 130 and the temporary hold. Since the top sheet 110 and the transmitting element 140 spaced apart through holes 131, the absorbent article 100 can provide a feeling of dryness to the user. In one embodiment, the width W1 of the openings 131 may be in the range of 20-50 mm and the length L1 of the openings 131 may be in the range of 30-100 mm. in addition, the width W2 of the annular absorbent element 130 may be in the range 22-52 mm, while the length L2 of the annular absorbent element 130 may be in the range of 50-150 mm. To provide a physical barrier annular absorbent element 130, the distance d between the end or edge in the direction of the width of the annular absorbent element 130 and the hole 131 may be equal to or more than 2 mm.

When the hole 131 is formed elongated in the longitudinal direction of the absorbent product 100, the liquid secretion of the body mainly aim to be absorbed and distributed in the longitudinal direction more than in the direction of the width of the absorbent product 100. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent extensive distribution of the liquid secretions of the body in the direction of the width of the absorbent product 100, and thus, leakage of the absorbent product 100. In one embodiment, the thickness t of the hole 131 (for example, the thickness of the annular absorbent element 130) may be in the range of 0.5-3 mm. in addition, the internal lens� holes 131, which can be formed as a product of a flat area of the hole 131 and the thickness t of the hole 131 may be in the range of 0.5-2.0 ml. Thus, the annular absorbent element 130 may temporarily hold a lot of liquid secretions of the body.

In one embodiment, the annular absorbent element 130 can include one hydrophilic material, one hydrophobic material and their composition. In addition, the annular absorbent element 130 may contain absorbent material is more than 50% of the total weight of the annular absorbent element 130. In some embodiments the absorbent material may include cellulose fibers. The absorbent material can have a density lower than the density of the transmitting element 140 or absorbent core element 150. The annular absorbent element 130 in some embodiments is designed so that the bottom surface of the annular absorbent element 130, addressed to the transmitting element 140, absorbs and distributes the liquid body faster than the upper surface of the annular absorbent element 130, appeal to the upper sheet 110.

The hole 131 of the annular absorbent element 130 allows the liquid excretions of the body pass through the top sheet 110 for quick absorption of the absorbent core element 150. Thus, in addition, it is possible�th preventing leakage or seepage of the liquid secretion of the body outward from the transmitting element 140, as the liquid secretion of the body is absorbed absorbent core element 150. Thus, the annular absorbent element 130 may serve as a physical barrier for liquid secretion of the body. The annular absorbent element 130 can provide the flexibility of absorbent articles 100 and to maintain the original shape of the absorbent product 100. To this end, in some embodiments the planar area of the hole 131 is equal to or more than 20% of the total planar area of the annular absorbent element 130. The annular absorbent element 130 may have a rectangular shape with a rectangular opening in accordance with the design of absorbent products.

The transmitting element 140 not only delivers the liquid secretion of the body held within the annular absorbent element 130 in the direction of the absorbent main element 150, but at the same time, absorbs the fluid discharge portion of the body. The transmitting element 140 may include the visible area (or region recognition) 141, which is formed to fit the shape of the holes 131 of the annular absorbent element 130 which is aligned with the position of the hole 131.

In one embodiment, the visible region 141 may include a plurality of dots deposited by printing on the upper surface of paradossalmente 140. In addition, the visible area 141 may include a plurality of perforations or small holes) formed in the transmitting element 140. As shown in Fig.3, a set of points or set of perforations can be positioned so as to match or fit the shape of the hole 131. If the visible area includes points, such points can be deposited by printing a color deeper than the upper plate (110) or the transmitting element 140. If the points with deeper colors are visible through the upper sheet 110 together with the hole 131, the user may believe that the depth of the hole 131 (or the height of the annular absorbent element 130) is greater than the actual depth or height. For this reason, the user can expect that the opening 131 has a large capacity, and absorbent product absorb large quantities of liquid secretions of the body. Thereby, the user can feel safe. In addition, with regard to the visible region 141, including perforation, the user may believe that the capacity of the hole 131, visible through the upper sheet 110, has a large capacity, and thus feel safe. Moreover, the perforations can, essentially, increase the capacity of the hole 131. As a result, the liquid secretion of the body, held in both, the hole 131 and the perforations, can be quickly sufficient�Leno to absorbent main element 150. In other embodiments the visible region 141 may include various patterns to enhance the aesthetic feeling of the absorbent product 100.

Absorbent core element is located between the transmitting element 140 and the bottom sheet 120 for quick absorption and collecting liquid excretions of the body.

Absorbent core element 150 may include a material which is elastic, pliable and not irritating the skin of the user.

In one embodiment, the absorbent article 100 may also include plot embossing 160 to effectively prevent coagulation and leakage of liquid secretions of the body. Plot embossing 160 may be formed by pressing the upper sheet 110, the transmitting element 140 and an absorbent core element 150. Plot embossing 160 may include: a first area of the embossing 161 located along the transmitting element 140 and an absorbent core element 150; and the second phase embossing 162 adjacent to the first sector of embossing 161 in the longitudinal direction of the absorbent product 100. The first section of embossing 161 may be in the form of a closed loop and the second phase embossing 162 may be in the form of discontinuous dots.

Next, the description will be based on the characteristics of absorbing and�Delia in accordance with one variant of implementation, based on the test results together with an absorbent product in accordance with comparative examples. Fake blood was used during testing, as the liquid to be absorbed absorbent products. The blood of animals, such as cattle or horse, can be used as the liquid to be absorbed.

The absorbtion time

Table 1 below shows the absorbtion time, when the artificial blood is applied to different types of absorbent products in the same conditions.

[Table 1]
A1B1B2
The absorbtion time (sec)14,527,637,2

A1: the Absorbent product in accordance with one variant of execution

B1: Comparative example 1

B2: Comparative example 2 (Absorbent product to another company)

From table 1 it can be seen that the time absorbed in the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant has decreased by about 30-50% compared to the comparative samples 1 and 2 (B1, B2).

Changes in time itaiwan�I, associated with the periodic application

Table 2 below shows the absorbtion time when 3 ml of artificial blood applied 3 times on different types of absorbent products in the same conditions.

[Table 2]
A1B1
The first time of absorption (sec)4,65,7
The second time of absorption (sec)4,311,1
The third time of absorption (sec)9,716,6

A1: the Absorbent product in accordance with one variant of execution

B1: Comparative example 1

As comparative example 1, the second and third being absorbed is increased about two times and about three times compared to the first time absorbed. In contrast, in the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant of execution of the second time of absorption was almost equal to the first time absorbed. In addition, a third being absorbed increased about two times compared with the first or second time, itity�of. Accordingly, despite the fact that artificial blood is re-deposited on the absorbent article (A1), while absorbed into the absorbent article (A1) has not increased significantly.

The operation of the annular absorbent member as a physical barrier

Fig.6 shows that artificial blood is applied to the absorbent product is tilted in the longitudinal direction. Fig.7 shows that artificial blood is distributed after application, as shown in Fig.6. Fig.8 shows the artificial blood deposited on the absorbent product is tilted in the direction of width. Fig.9 shows an artificial blood distributed after application, as shown in Fig.8.

Fig.6 and 7 artificial blood is applied to an absorbent product, which was tilted at about 30 degrees in the longitudinal direction of the absorbent products. As clearly seen from comparison of Fig.7, in comparative example 2 (B2) artificial blood was flowing down in the direction of inclination of absorbent products after application. However, very little artificial blood in the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant of implementation emerged from the hole of the annular absorbent member.

Referring to Fig.8 and 9, the artificial blood was deposited on the absorbent product, which was tilted at about 30 degrees in direction� width of the absorbent products. As clearly seen from comparison of Fig.9, in comparative example 2 (B2) artificial blood was flowing down in the direction of inclination of absorbent products after application. However, very little artificial blood in the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant of implementation emerged from the hole of the annular absorbent member.

Accordingly, it is established that the annular absorbent element of the absorbent product in accordance with one variant of implementation acts as a physical barrier.

The flexibility of absorbent products

Table 3 below shows the effort required to deform various types of absorbent products in the same conditions.

[Table 3]
A1B1
The force required for deformation of the absorbent products (gram-force)6,8419,60

A1: Absorbent product with an annular absorbent element in accordance with one variant of execution

B1: Comparative example 1

The force required for deformation of the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant of implementation, reduced by the eye�about 50%, when compared with comparative example 1 (B1). Thus, the flexibility of the absorbent article (A1) is increased by about 50% when compared with comparative example 1 (B1). Accordingly, when the user moves or leads an active lifestyle, while using an absorbent product, such flexibility absorbent products can provide tight fit to the user.

The distribution of artificial blood in the absorbent product

Fig.10 shows the upper leaves are absorbing products after application of artificial blood. Fig.11 shows the lower leaves absorbing products after application of artificial blood.

As shown in Fig.10 and 11, the artificial blood in the comparative examples 1 and 2 (B1, B2) is distributed in the longitudinal direction and in the width direction of the respective absorbent articles. In addition, in comparative examples 1 and 2 (B1, B2), the value distribution in the longitudinal direction of the absorbent products was approximately equal to the size in the width direction. More specifically, the artificial blood in the comparative example 2 (B2) is distributed in both ends of the absorbent products in the direction of width. The absorbent product (A1), in accordance with one variant of implementation, however, artificial blood predominant way extends in the longitudinal direction of the pain�e, than in the direction of width. Thus, in the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant of implementation of the liquid secretion of the body may be distributed in the direction of both ends of the transmitting element and the absorbent core element in the longitudinal direction. Accordingly, the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant of execution can reduce the absorption and increase the absorption capacity. In addition, the absorbent article (A1) in accordance with one variant of implementation can prevent the liquid secretion of the body from strong expansion in the direction of the width of absorbent products for the flow in the direction of the width of absorbent products.

Although the invention has been shown and described with the help of the above variants of implementation, the invention should not be limited. For specialists in the art it will be understood that various alternatives or modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention.

1. Absorbent article containing:
permeable to fluid top sheet;
impermeable bottom sheet;
the annular absorbent element located between the top sheet and bottom sheet, having the ability to absorb and retain the liquid passing through the top sheet, and an annular absorption�schy element has a longitudinally elongated opening in its Central area; and
the second absorbent element located between the annular absorbent member and the lower sheet, whereby the absorbent element has a viewable area that is aligned with the specified position of the hole of the annular absorbent element, the absorbent element contains:
the transmitting element, absorbing and delivering the liquid retained in the annular absorbent element; and
absorbent core element, the absorbent liquid is delivered through the transmitting element;
the apparent area contains many points applied by printing on the transmitting element, or the visible area contains a number of perforations formed in the transmitting element, or the visible area is the area of the transmitting element, including different patterns.

2. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the annular absorbent element is designed so that the lower surface of the annular absorbent element facing the second absorbent element that absorbs and distributes the liquid faster than the upper surface of the annular absorbent element facing the upper sheet.

3. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the annular absorbent element has a width 22-52 mm and a length of 50-150 mm.

4. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the annular absorbent element has tolmino,5-3 mm.

5. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the hole has a width of 20-50 mm and a length of 30-100 mm.

6. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the inner volume of the hole is in the range of 0.5-3.0 ml, and the internal volume is formed as a product of planar area of the hole and the thickness of the annular absorbent member.

7. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the distance from the end of the annular absorbent element in the direction of the width of the hole is equal to or more than 2 mm.

8. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the annular absorbent element comprises absorbent material is equal to or more than 50% of the total weight of the annular absorbent member.

9. Absorbent article according to claim 8, in which the density of the absorbent material is lower than the density of the second absorbent element.

10. Absorbent article according to claim 8, in which the absorbent material comprises pulp fibers.

11. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the planar area of the hole is equal to or more than 20% of the total planar area of the annular absorbent member.

12. Absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein a hole is made in the form of a plurality of perforations.

13. Absorbent product according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, in which the visible area is formed to fit the shape of the holes of the annular absorbent member.

14. Absorb�its product according to any one of claims. 1-12, in which the transmitting element and the absorbent core element made separately.



 

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FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves application of a dressing on the periodontal tissues. Before the application of the dressing, the periodontal tissues are irrigated with Dentos solution for more than once. The dressing is prepared by adding zinc oxide power and zinc sulphate to Dentos and mixing them to pasty consistency. The solid dental tissues are coated with the polymer film from the vestibular and oral surfaces to a cutting edge. The periodontal tissues and the solid dental tissues coated with the polymer film are coated with the dressing.

EFFECT: method provides the anti-inflammatory, hardening, haemostatic capillary-reinforcing, immunomodulatory and adaptogenic effects; it enables maintaining the active substance concentration in the periodontal tissues, removing the dressing from the solid dental tissues, preventing colouring them and providing the Dentos exposure on the restoration components.

2 ex

Wound bandage // 2538808

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, namely to wound bandages. Wound bandage for wound treatment from medium to high exudation contains carrying layer and absorbing pillow, with absorbing pillow including first absorbing layer, which contains first absorbing material, and different from first layer second absorbing layer, which contains different from first material second absorbing material, with first layer being held at a distance from second layer by at least one third layer, and third layer contains at least one antimicrobial preparation, characterised by the fact that second absorbing material contains fibres, which possess super-high absorption ability, and absorbing pillow additionally contains contacting with wound layer, which is in direct contact with first layer, and contacting with wound layer represents polymer net or perforated polymer film, and antimicrobial means represents elementary silver, silver oxide, silver complex, or silver salt, or their mixtures, and fibres which have super-high absorption ability are obtained from salts of polyacrylic acids or polyacrylates.

EFFECT: application of invention makes it possible to reduce risk of sticking to wound and simultaneously counteract maceration, without loading wound to be treated with excessive biologically active substances.

8 cl, 3 dwg

Absorbing product // 2532727

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: disposable diaper contains a back and a front parts, an absorbing element, a belt flap and a hydrophilous sheets set. The hydrophilous sheets set includes an inner hydrophilous sheet and an outer hydrophilous sheet; the inner hydrophilous sheet and the outer hydrophilous sheet are in the belt zone containing a zone overlapping the belt flap edge and the absorbing element end. The belt flap having an outer hydrophilous sheet and an inner hydrophilous sheet additionally contains a belt elastic element fixed in the flap in a condition wherein the belt elastic element is stretched in a cross direction of the disposable diaper so that the flap forms frills. The outer hydrophilous sheet has higher liquid absorbing capacity than the inner hydrophilous sheet and contains two outer hydrophilous sheets where the belt elastic elements are positioned between the said two outer hydrophilous sheets; the outer hydrophilous sheet passes from the belt flap edge beyond the absorbing element end and ends over the absorbing element.

EFFECT: sweat absorbing capacity enhancement thus preventing appearance of eczema, sweat fever, contact dermatitis etc.

7 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has foam tampon to be introduced into a wound area and material for covering the wound and sealing the foam tampon in the wound area. The foam tampon communicates to vacuum source via flowing medium to help draining the flowing medium. The foam tampon is impregnated with basic fibroblast growth factor and antimicrobial factor.

EFFECT: accelerated wound healing.

9 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has flat applicator base, removable base and inlay placed between them for covering given surface. Applicator base has gripping mechanism and its internal surface has adhesive means. The flat strap has the first surface and the second surface having adhesive means. The flat removable base has gripping mechanism and its internal surface. The adhesive means covering internal surface of the applicator base detachably attaches the first strap surface to the internal surface of the applicator base making up in this way the first splittable connection forming thus combination of the applicator base and inlay having upper surface. The removable base is detachably attached to the upper surface of the combination forming in this way the second splittable connection so that strength of the first splittable connection is higher as that of the second one. The strap has also peripheral lateral border having frontal edge placed near the capturing means of the removable base, back edge being remote from the capturing means of the removable base and free edge. The adhesive means on the internal surface of the applicator base has adhesive area having adhesive contact zone having contact zone of the frontal edge and contact zone of the back edge. The frontal edge and contact zone gives frontal edge attachment to the internal surface of the applicator base. The back edge contact zone gives back edge attachment to the internal surface of the applicator base.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in applying strap without twisting the treated surface; easy removal of detachable member.

12 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with absorbing product that has both longitudinal and cross-sectional directions, two lateral edges coming, essentially, longitudinally, anterior part, posterior part, the first surface and the second surface and absorbing element located between the first surface and the second one. Absorbing element has the area for liquid accumulation and that of secondary absorption, moreover, the latter contains parts which completely surround the area of liquid accumulation, the layer of liquid-impermeable material is located on the second surface of absorbing product and, essentially, within the area of liquid accumulation only. The innovation also, deals with the method to obtain an absorbing product. Area of liquid accumulation should have high absorbability capacity and good capacity for liquid accumulation and distribution.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

12 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has longitudinal direction and transverse direction, two lateral borders arranged essentially in longitudinal direction, anterior part, posterior part, the first surface and the second surface, absorbing member placed between the first surface and the second surface. The absorbing member has essentially triangular shape, its anterior part being wider than the posterior one. The absorbing member also has the basic absorbing region arranged in the article plane in a way that at least 85% of its total absorbing capacity is concentrated in the anterior three-fourth of the article length and at least 70% of its total absorbing capacity is concentrated in the anterior half of the article.

EFFECT: wide range of functional applications.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has longitudinal direction and transverse direction. Two lateral edges of essentially longitudinal direction have superficial layer permeable for liquid, superficial layer impermeable for liquid and absorbing member placed between the superficial layers. The absorbing member has compressible absorbing material layer. The absorbing material layer has at least one fold running in longitudinal direction, the fold being at least partially pressed giving to the compressible absorbing material layer greater density in the fold vicinity than in the compressible absorbing material layer areas outside the fold. The fold has swelling properties when being wetted and/or subjected to mechanical treatment and it reshapes at least partially into its original shape assumed before being pressed.

EFFECT: reduced risk of leakage; arrangement kept unchanged irrespective of usage mode.

12 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has liquid-permeable porous lining that is to be placed on or in a wound, flexible plastic film having a set of holes distributed over its surface, liquid-impermeable film napkin and connection means. The porous lining has foamed polymer material having interconnecting cells. The plastic film makes contact with porous lining surface and is between wound surface and the lining when used. The film napkin is placed above the porous lining and is sticky along its perimeter to provide sealing in skin area surrounding the wound. The connection means passes through the film napkin and communicates to porous lining via liquid flow for making connection to negative pressure source for stimulating fluid flow discharged from the wound. Another embodiment has removable wound bandage usable in particular for treating large wounds requiring draining fluids. It has the first porous lining, the second porous lining, elastomer envelope, film napkin and tubular connection means. The first liquid-permeable porous lining contacts the wound and has foamed lining having foamed material based on polymer built of interconnecting cells and isolated transverse holes. The elastomer envelope has the first and the second sheets of elastomer film soldered along their periphery and enveloping said foamed lining. Each of the first and the second elastomer film sheets has spaced-apart holes. The holes in the second sheet are justified with said spaced-apart holes in the first sheet. The second liquid-permeable porous lining is to be placed under the first porous lining. It has foamed polymer material having interconnecting cells. The liquid-impermeable film napkin is placed above the second porous lining. The first porous lining is placed above the wound. The film napkin is sticky along its perimeter to glue the napkin to skin area surrounding the wound. The tubular connection means passes through said film napkin and communicates to porous lining via liquid flow for making connection to negative pressure source for stimulating fluid flow discharged from the wound. The third embodiment has the first elastomer film sheet having spaced-apart holes deviated from spaced-apart holes in the foamed lining. The second elastomer film sheet has spaced-apart holes adjusted to the spaced-apart holes in the foamed lining.

EFFECT: simplified usage; accelerated wound healing.

15 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: medicine, in particular, means and methods for closing of wound or incision.

SUBSTANCE: dressing has first flat flexible component with adhesive layer on its lower surface and number of first elongated connection members extending in first direction from one of edges of said component, second flat flexible component with adhesive layer on its lower surface and one or more second elongated connection members extending in second direction substantially opposite to said first direction, from one of edges of said component, first tension member joined with first elongated connection members, second tension member joined with second elongated connection members, means for attachment of first elongated connection members on second flat flexible component, and means for attachment of second elongated connection members on first flat flexible component. Elongated connection members are spaced from one another by distance sufficient for positioning of first flat flexible component relative to second flat flexible component in a manner allowing edge of first flat flexible component to be arranged in parallel with edge of second flat flexible component during closing of wound or incision. Method involves attaching first flexible component of dressing with its lower surface on patient's skin surface along first edge of wound, and attaching second flexible component with its lower surface to patient's skin surface along second edge of wound; simultaneously tightening first and second tension members for closing of wound or incision; fixing first elongated connection members on second flexible component and fixing second elongated connection members on first flexible component.

EFFECT: simplified and convenient method and dressing for closing of wound or incision ensuring invasion-free or less traumatic closing of wound of incision.

20 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: medicine, in particular, manufacture of plaster bandages used in traumatology and orthopedics.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying ground hemihydrate plaster to base and fixing said plaster thereon; using multilayer base; preliminarily applying ground hemihydrate plaster onto each layer of said base; applying layers onto each other and fixing plaster on base; rolling base and placing resultant base roll into plaster fixing enclosure and further into tight package, which fixes shape of article.

EFFECT: provision for producing of high-quality and high-strength article convenient in use.

FIELD: medical equipment; traumatology; orthopedics.

SUBSTANCE: band can be used for restoring functions of joints after joint or near-joint breaks. Tautness metering band has to be bandage aid used for applying splints or semi-rigid bands. Tautness metering band has semi-rigid rubber-tissue band onto which tautness-metering plate with electrical resistance strain gauges glued to the plate, which resistance strain gauges are integrated into bridge circuit for connection to controller.

EFFECT: widened functional abilities.

1 dwg

FIELD: hygienic items, in particular sanitary towels.

SUBSTANCE: claimed article has multicomponent absorbing structure, containing the first liquid absorbing component which represents bonded flexible matrix including stratified layers made of fibrous material, and the second liquid absorbing component.

EFFECT: article of increased liquid absorbing capability and improved adjoining.

24 cl, 9 dwg, 5 tbl, 4 ex

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