Automated system for controlling operation of combined fleet of freight locomotives at handling yard

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation and computer engineering and can be used on railway transport for controlling a combined fleet of locomotives. The system includes a central processing unit, a communication server, a data transmission channel, hardware-software of automated workstations of the station duty officer and the locomotive depot duty officer, a simulation unit, a memory unit. The system further includes an user interface, hardware-software processors of the automated workstations of an employee of the traffic control department and an employee of the towing resource management centre and a simulation unit. The simulation unit includes a generator for generating data on the presence of locomotives on handling areas, an unit for calculating operation of locomotives until the next maintenance, an unit for analysing availability of locomotive engines for trains and an unit for supporting decision making, a generator for generating data on the technical plan of the content of locomotives, generators for generating data on the actual demand for locomotives, actual release of locomotives from the depot, presence of locomotives at locomotive service stations, presence of locomotives at the station and at the depot, an unit for analysing deviations in the content of locomotives, an unit for supporting decision making, a unit for monitoring adherence to set standards and a memory unit.

EFFECT: high efficiency of using locomotives.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to automation and computer technology and can be used in rail transport to control the operation of the traction resources, primarily for management of the work of the joint fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site of treatment.

Known automated system of traffic control vehicles containing block centralized formation control programs, vehicle, controls, vehicles, components, infrastructure components of the movement, cellular networks and terrestrial communications network that ensures the transfer of information between elements of the system, and the hardware is designed to test newly built and restored in the process repair or alteration of mobile objects control components associated infrastructure, as well as verification of control programs (EN 35023 U1, G08G 1/00, 2003.12.20).

The known system is designed to control the readiness of the vehicles to the execution of the transportation process and vehicle control means infrastructure. However, the fleet of locomotives in the known system is carried out without considering the quickly changing situation in the direction of motion.

The closest analogue is the system for �of ONTRAS dislocation locomotive fleet, containing mounted on an automated workplace of the locomotive Manager personal computer, the Central processor unit through which communication channel is connected to a server that is connected to the memory block, the output of the Central processor unit via the processing unit output forms and the processing unit and the signal generation is connected to the monitor and its input connected to the control unit and the input information, the server through the communication channels connected to the CPUs of personal computers that are installed on the workstations of the train dispatcher and the officer on duty at the depot, an additional output of the Central processor unit via the processing unit of the source data is connected to the inputs of block modeling of dislocation of locomotives and block modeling of dislocation of locomotive crews, whose outputs are connected with inputs of the processing unit and generating signals, to the CPU of a personal computer that is installed on the automated workstation of the person on duty at the depot, the unit is connected to the fixing of the availability and condition of locomotives and the logger locomotive crews, to the CPU of a personal computer that is installed on the automated workstation train dispatcher, the unit is connected to the latching objects and block modeling of train si�of situations input coupled to an additional output of the latching objects (RU 77239 U1, B61L 27/00, 2008.20.10).

Known system aimed at providing locomotives and locomotive crews to perform shift-day transportation plan. However, it doesn't solve the problem of automatic control of work of the joint fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site of treatment.

The object of the present invention is to provide a system providing control and management of the combined fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site of treatment, a review of the technical content of locomotives freight traffic modeling needs of maintenance of locomotives and evaluation of the actual issuance of locomotives at the depot, reduction of wastes in the work of the locomotive fleet, the coordination of the utilization rates in the border areas and developing optimal control solutions.

The technical result of the invention is to improve the use of locomotives on the range of treatment by monitoring their condition and timely technical inspections and repair; analysis of deviations in the content of the locomotives, monitoring compliance of work locomotives, and by the timely provision of locomotive�and trains simulation of the locomotive fleet on the basis of the operational state data of the locomotives on the direction and progress of the transportation process.

The technical result is achieved by the automated system to control the operation of the combined fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site of application contains the CPU first inputs/outputs of which through the server communication on the data channel are connected to the outputs/inputs of the hardware and software devices workstations duty officer duty station and locomotive depot, block modeling, coupled with the Central processor, memory, user interface, through which via the IP network, the second inputs/outputs of the CPU are connected to the outputs/inputs of the processor hardware and software devices automated workplaces of the employee of management of traffic control and employee control center traction resources block model includes serially connected driver data on the availability of locomotives in the areas of handling, the unit of calculation of the locomotives until the next service, the unit of analysis of provision of train locomotives and the unit of decision support, the first output connected to the input of the CPU, FD�miraval technical data content of locomotives, the third input/output connected to the Central processor, the shapers of data about the actual locomotives, the actual issuance of the locomotive from the depot, the data on the availability of locomotives in the items of maintenance of locomotives, the data on the availability of locomotives at the station and depot, the input of each of which is connected to the corresponding output of the Central processor, the unit of analysis of deviations in the content of the locomotives, the inputs connected to the fifth output of the Central processor and the outputs of the shapers of data about the actual units and actual issuance of the locomotive from the depot, and output - with the second input unit of decision support, third input connected to the output of the shaper technical data content of locomotives, the control unit compliance, included between the sixth output of the Central processor and the fourth input unit of decision-support, wherein the outputs of the shapers of the data on the availability of locomotives in items of maintenance, the availability of locomotives at the station and depot, the availability of locomotives in the areas of treatment are connected to respective inputs of the control unit, compliance unit of analysis of provision of locomotives and trains of the block of calculation of the locomotives to the lyrics�blowing maintenance the output of generator technical data content of locomotives connected to the second input of the shaper data about the actual locomotives, the input/output of the memory block connected to the fourth output/input Central processor, the seventh output of which is connected to the input of the shaper of the data on the availability of locomotives in the areas of treatment, and the first inputs/outputs via the server communication data channels connected to the hardware and software devices workstations locomotive dispatcher, train dispatcher and system for automatic identification of rolling stock.

The essence of the claimed invention is illustrated by drawings, which shows a block diagram of an automated system to control the operation of the combined fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site of treatment.

Automated system to control the operation of the combined fleet of locomotives freight traffic on the railway in contains a Central processor 1, the first inputs/outputs of which via server 2 connection on the data channel are connected to the outputs/inputs of the hardware and software devices workstations 3 and 4 of duty duty station and locomotive depot (arm 3 DSP and arm 4 TCD), block 5 of the simulation, the memory unit 6,�lovatelli interface 7, through which via the IP network, the second input/output of the Central processor 1 is connected to the outputs/inputs of the processors 8 and 9 hardware and software devices of workstations 10 and 11 employee of the Directorate of traffic and the employee of the center traction resources management (arm CSD 10 and arm 11 TSUTR).

To the input/output processor 8 WKS CSD 10 is connected to the block 12 I/o, and to the output of the display unit 13. To the input/output processor 9 WKS 11 TSUTR unit 14 connected input/output, and the output unit 15 of the display.

Unit 5 modeling includes serially connected driver 16 data on the availability of locomotives in the areas of treatment, block 17 calculation of the locomotives until the next service, block 18 analysis of supply trains locomotives and block 19 of decision support, the first output connected to the input of the Central processor unit 1 and the imaging unit 20 technical data content of locomotives, the third input/output connected to the Central processor 1, the mirrors 21 to 24, respectively, data about the actual locomotives, the actual issuance of the locomotive from the depot, the data on the availability of locomotives in the items of maintenance of locomotives, at stations and depots, the input of each of which is connected to the corresponding output of the Central proce�Sora 1, unit 25 the analysis of deviations in the content of the locomotives, the inputs connected to the outputs of the squaring circuits 21 and 22 data about the actual units and actual issuance of the locomotive from the depot and the fifth output of the CPU 1, and output - to the second input of block 19 of decision support, a third input coupled to the output of generator 20 technical data content of locomotives, the control unit 26 compliance, an output connected to the fourth input unit 19 of the decision support and the respective inputs to the sixth output of the CPU 1, the outputs of the squaring circuits 23, 24 and 16. Moreover, the corresponding inputs of the block 18 and 17 are also connected to the outputs of the squaring circuits 23, 24 and 16, and the output driver 20 - to the second input of the shaper 21.

The fourth input/output of the Central processor 1 is connected to the output/input unit 6 to the memory, and the first inputs/outputs - via server 2 communication data channels connected to the hardware and software devices workstations 27, 28, 29, respectively locomotive dispatcher, train dispatcher and system for automatic identification of rolling stock (AWS 27, Siberian branch, arm 28 dnts, SAI 29 PS).

The software of the CPU 1 is capable of forming in automated� mode graphical interfaces to display the status of the locomotive fleet with regard to the content and operational inventory of parks around the depot and the site in General, current information on the status of freight locomotives, which point inspection of the landfill, automated display of quantitative information on the display of the locomotive fleet, located at a given time in a simple at stations and depots of the polygon, displaying of required locomotives Park on sites and landfill for overall activities in production control solutions.

To control the operation of the combined fleet of locomotives freight traffic on the polygon of the proposed system carries out a comprehensive analysis of current and forthcoming train situation; determines the need for locomotives based prediction approach of trains on the accounting period; counting the number of available locomotives; oversees the timely supply of locomotives for TR-1 and prevents the production of locomotives for-2 with unfounded "neoprobe", shall also monitor the rate of run-to-2 with a shortage of locomotives; for cutaway locomotives from trains, as on search and do a train new locomotive takes a long time; for excess of being one of the locomotives at the station; the provision of train traction resources, considering which corrects for model control operating a fleet of locomotives on direction�, namely, taking action on additional redirection of locomotives with their shortage over the forecast period.

Automated system to control the operation of a fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site appeals operates as follows.

In the first stage, the system determines the required content of locomotives for security of the anticipated amount of traffic at the landfill.

To this end the output of the processor 8 of the automated workplace of 10 employees of the Directorate of traffic management (APM 10 CD) over an IP network through the user interface 7 is transferred to the Central data processor 1 of the operational plan of the railway areas in the coming days, which are the initial data for modeling of the technical plan contents locomotives.

From the output of the processor 9 of the automated workplace of 11 duty traction control center resources (arm 11 TSUTR) periodically over an IP network via the interface 7 is transferred to the Central processor 1 data on the measured direction and the adjacent areas on the compositions and locations of the traction resources.

With the hardware and software of the device of the automated workplace of 28 train Manager (arm 28 dnts) depending on local conditions until a specified time (up to 15.00 m�skulskogo time) transmit data channels via server 2 connection to Central processor 1 information on train flow for the coming day and the current train situation in the selected direction.

The CPU 1 performs processing of received information by integrating data with the subsequent formation of graphical interfaces. The processing results of the CPU 1 sends to the driver 20 data technical plans of the Park's locomotives.

Driver 20 for each depot the conversion of calculates the delivery of locomotives on the day including the anticipated size of the movement. Calculated data on delivery of locomotives for each depot of the polygon of the driver 20 transmits to the Central processor 1, which forwards them to the memory unit 6, and also through the interface 7 to the processor 8 and 9, respectively AWP CSD 10 and arm 11 TSUTR for subsequent visual display of the delivery of locomotives for each depot directions on the monitor blocks 13 and 15 display.

In Central Directorate analyze the received information and, in case of discrepancy of the calculated data with the data of the train network environment for the coming day with a block of 12 employee of the Central management can make appropriate adjustments.

In the center of traction resources management also analyze the received information and, in case of discrepancy of the calculated data with the data of the train situation of the chosen direction for the coming day, with the help of block 14 R�botnick control center may make appropriate adjustments.

If adjustments to the technical content of locomotives all of the changes that the processors 8 and 9 channel over an IP network via the interface 7 to the CPU 1, which passes it to the driver 20. Driver 20 performs the recalculation of the technical plan the content of the locomotives in the coming days, the results of the recalculation of the plan directs in block 19 of decision support, as well as in the CPU 1 to the memory unit 6 through the communication server 2 in a hardware-software device for 3 WKS DSP, arm 27, Siberian branch, arm 28 dnts and arm 4 TCD for the operational management of the locomotives.

In the second stage, the system monitors the actual content of locomotives corresponding to the given plan, and adopt measures for its implementation.

In automatic mode with hardware and software devices 4 WKS TCHD each depot in the CPU 1 receives the data channels via server 2, data about the actual depot in locomotives and their actual issuance. The CPU 1 performs the appropriate processing of the received data and sends them to the formers 21 and 22.

Driver 21 for each depot with regard to the delivery of locomotives to the actual issuance of locomotives establishing a database on the availability and needs of the depot in locomotives, and the driver 22 - forms op�operational data Bank issuing locomotives. The formers 21 and 22 transmit data banks formed in the block 25 for the analysis of deviations in the content of the locomotives. Block 25 on command of the CPU 1 periodically or in the case of abnormal situations transmits the analysis results to the CPU 1 and in block 19 of decision support.

The CPU 1 generates graphical interfaces, displaying information for each depot on deviations in the content of the locomotives.

Information about the availability of locomotives in paragraphs turnover on duty in the exchange of locomotives reported on duty at the depot, which by means of hardware-software device 4 WKS TCD by data transfer channels via server 2 sends the data to the CPU 1. The CPU 1 carries out appropriate processing of the data obtained from the duty of all depot landfill treatment and sends them to the driver 23 of the data on the availability of locomotives in paragraphs turnover. Driver 23 determines the number of locomotives in paragraphs turnover specifying special marks, for example, data on the mileage of locomotives between THE time of the next TP, the necessity of THE extraordinary, etc.

Information about the availability of locomotives at the station and the depot is supplied automatically from a hardware and software system devices 29 auto identification of rolling stock (SAI 29 PS).

As is known, the system �automatically transmits the identification information, identifying the locomotive control and on-Board sensor which is read by the apparatus of points read (PCP) (A. Y. Timchenko, a Wide range of services, Eurasia, journal of IY, 2009). PCP installed on the inlet and outlet of the locomotive depot, sorting, core, butt, precinct and other stations, railway stations before container platforms, and if necessary at checkpoints, limiting train stations, within individual stations, for example between parks for the formation and administration of marshalling yards. PCP provide a reading of the rolling stock at speeds from 0 to 200 km/h when driving in any direction. The information obtained about the locomotive is handled by the hub of information and is transmitted over the data network to the data center system of automatic identification.

These PCP about locomotives, suitable to the station and depot, located in the areas of treatment, are processed in the data center SAI PS 29 and the channels of transmission over the communication server 2 is transmitted to the CPU 1. The CPU 1 processes a properly received data and transmits the data on the availability of locomotives in PTOL in driver 23, the availability of locomotives at the station and the depot - in driver 24, the availability of locomotives on sites about�of Amenia - in the driver 16. Formed in the shaper 23, 24, and 16 data in the block 18 and in block 17. Unit 17 calculates the time of each locomotive to the next and THEN TP and sends the calculation results in a block 18, which on the basis of received data analyses provide trains with locomotives at each station, if necessary corrects the analysis results and sends them to the block 19.

In addition, the data on the availability of locomotives in PTOL, stations and depots, as well as at the site of treatment respectively from the outputs of the squaring circuits 23, 24 and 16 are received in the control unit 26, which monitors compliance with the established norms of maintenance, the results of which sends to the block 19.

On the basis of the received information block 19 of decision support creates integrated solutions for operational and effective management of the activities of the combined fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site of treatment and sends them to the processor 1, which generates interfaces for visually displaying the status of the locomotive fleet, with regard to the content and operational inventory of parks around the depot and the site in General, current information on the status of freight locomotives, which point inspection of the landfill, automated performance reports�public information on the display of the locomotive fleet, located at a given time in a simple at stations and depots of the polygon, displaying of required locomotives Park on sites and the site in General, for events production adjustment decisions, automatic generation of output information on the work of the locomotives.

Thus, the proposed system provides automated calculation of ensuring of train locomotives at the site of treatment, automated operational monitoring the status of the entire inventory fleet of locomotives, reduction of downtime of locomotives in paragraphs turnover, timely maintenance and technical repairs.

Automated control system to control the operation of the combined fleet of locomotives freight traffic at the site appeals containing the Central processor unit, the first inputs/outputs of which through the server communication on the data channel are connected to the outputs/inputs of the hardware and software devices workstations duty officer duty station and locomotive depot, block modeling, coupled with the Central processor, and a memory unit, characterized in that the entered user interface, through which via the IP network, the second inputs/outputs of the CPU are connected to the outputs/inputs of the processor hardware and software�'s devices workstations employee of the Directorate of traffic and the employee of the center traction resources management, the block model includes serially connected driver data on the availability of locomotives in the areas of handling, the unit of calculation of the locomotives until the next service, the unit of analysis of provision of train locomotives and the unit of decision support, the first output connected to the input of the Central processor, the data driver technical content of locomotives, the third input/output connected to the Central processor, the shapers of data about the actual locomotives, the actual issuance of the locomotive from the depot, the data on the availability of locomotives in the items of maintenance of locomotives, the data on the availability of locomotives at the station and depot, the input of each of which is connected to the corresponding output of the Central processor, the unit of analysis of deviations in the content of the locomotives, the inputs connected to the fifth output of the Central processor and the outputs of the shapers of data about the actual units and actual issuance of the locomotive from the depot, and output - with the second input unit of decision support, a third input coupled to the output of generator technical data content of locomotives, the control unit compliance, included between the sixth output of the Central processor and �otwartym the input unit of decision support, the outputs of the shapers of the data on the availability of locomotives in items of maintenance, the availability of locomotives at the station and depot, the availability of locomotives in the areas of treatment are connected to respective inputs of the control unit, compliance unit of analysis of provision of locomotives and trains of the block of calculation of the locomotives until the next service, the output driver data the technical content of locomotives connected to the second input of the shaper data about the actual locomotives, the input/output of the memory block connected to the fourth output/input Central processor, the seventh output of which is connected to the input of the shaper of the data on the availability of locomotives in the areas of treatment, and the first inputs/outputs via the server communication data channels connected to the hardware and software devices workstations locomotive dispatcher, train dispatcher and system for automatic identification of rolling stock.



 

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2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: system for determining performance of two joined railway stations comprises a road server connected to processors of personal computers of automated workstations at each station and a simulation device. The system also includes a performance evaluation unit consisting of a performance comparison and evaluation module, a predicted performance computation module and a performance dynamics module. Each station is fitted with an additional automated workstation which consists of a personal computer, a computational unit, two data receiving units and a time recording unit. Each simulation device is connected to the computation unit which consists of a standard performance computation module.

EFFECT: designing a universal system for measuring and evaluating performance of stations.

2 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering, communication.

SUBSTANCE: automated train traffic control system comprises an automated workstation of a traffic controller of a control station, having a processor with display and input/output units, a fixed wireless modem and a communication server. Locomotives are fitted with an on-board wireless modem and a train control system. The automated workstation of the traffic controller includes a unit for simulating train operation and a database of train schedules. Each locomotive is fitted with a safety device, a radio channel gateway and a CAN-MVB gateway. The fixed and on-board wireless modems include transceivers and an automatic band switch. The communication server connected to the processor is connected to hardware/software of an automated system for inputting and analysing a traffic schedule, a system for creating schedules, a system for analysing, reporting and monitoring fault elimination, an electric centralised control system, a centralised traffic control system and a train traffic schedule database.

EFFECT: faster control.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway dispatcher control. Proposed method comprises computation of distance to rolling stock end of ahead train by summation of increments of its coordinate and train speed by increment of traversed path coordinate. Received train motion data are selected in the order of decrease in precision for computation of yellow-to-green light changeover at second light signal in direction of train motion. Proposed system comprises automatic interlocking devices, station power interlocking devices and control centre. Control centre computer is connected with power interlocking devices and locomotive onboard control devices connected with satellite navigation receiver. Control centre automated workstation incorporates train interval and speed data computation and ranking module connected with PC processor of said workstation.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of automatic control over train.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: system for inspection and real-time control of locomotive stock includes interconnected dispatcher personal computer, server, memory unit, output form generating unit, signal processing and generating unit, monitor, information control and inputting unit, locomotive approach simulating unit and locomotive crew deployment simulating unit, unit for determining presence and state of locomotives, service speed control unit and train situation simulating unit. The system further includes a locomotive ranking unit, which is connected to the processor of the dispatcher computer. The server is connected to a railway transport safety subsystem of an automated train control subsystem, which is connected to a block of rolling stock diagnosis equipment. The automated locomotive enterprise control subsystem is connected to a block of onboard locomotive diagnosis equipment.

EFFECT: high efficiency of inspection and real-time control of locomotive stock.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to positioning of railway vehicles. Proposed system comprises satellite navigation system station connected to differential correction computer, data acquisition and processing unit including processor connected to data base and gateway, positioning unit including controller connected to memory unit of the station digital models and data base, computer-aided workstation and navigation communication hardware installed at moving objects. Every navigation device comprises navigation signal receiver, GSM/GPRS radio station with Wi-Fi adapter, slots for two sim-cards, inertial navigation system unit, controller two plug-in memory units and microprocessor. Besides, it includes onboard train motion controller and data transmission circuit. GSM/GPRS radio station is connected via GSM/GPRS circuit in TCP/IP protocol to data acquisition and processing unit.

EFFECT: higher accuracy and validity of location.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: public transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains two control circuits, namely automatic and manual ones. Automatic circuit includes two on-board controllers, first data display device, speed sensor, position sensors, series interfaces and motor controllers. Manual circuit includes control panel with control outputs, series interface and second data display device.

EFFECT: provision of centralized high-accuracy graph-and-internal traffic control of monorail trains, improved safety of passenger carriage.

3 dwg

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