Multi-hulled deep submersible manned vehicle (versions)

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention proposes a multi-hulled deep submersible manned vehicle being a general-purpose integrated system, which consists of several (for example three) hulls located for example in a row, one of which is the main propulsive one, and the rest ones are interchangeable modules. As per the second version of the design of the multi-hulled deep submersible manned vehicle, symmetry axes of its hulls if looking from the front are located in one circumferential direction; propellers are installed in the centre of the system between the hulls. The modules are tightly attached to the main hull by an automatic detachable connection with transfer hatches of interaction between the hulls. Each hull is provided with systems of life support and independent surfacing depending on the purpose. The multi-hulled deep submersible manned vehicle has a device for connection with a conducting rope to a carrier aircraft (at its arrangement on the carrier aircraft) or to a carrier ship and is capable of being moved both on the water surface and under water with remote control as a tethered vehicle or as an independent vehicle.

EFFECT: improvement of operating characteristics of a submersible vehicle; enlargement of its functional capabilities.

2 cl, 11 dwg

 

The invention relates to shipbuilding and aviation, namely to manned underwater vehicles (OOPS).

Known manned submersible "Mir" (magazine "Shipbuilding" No. 1, 1992, p. 67), built in Finland by order of the USSR with a diving depth of 6000 m and a weight of 18.7 t, speed 5 knots, with a crew of 3 persons, independence in terms of energy 10 hours, length 7.8 m, width 2.9 m. Manned underwater vehicle equipped with manipulator and three portholes. OPA Mir adapted to probe the depths of the ocean.

OOPS type "Peace" cannot be used as a versatile device and is adapted to perform certain research work.

OOPS type "World" is taken as equivalent.

The closest technical solution, selected as a prototype, is OPA "Saga" with a displacement of 515 tons, designed for underwater technical works at depths up to 300 m, built in France (Marine Engineers Revien, 1990, VII, P. 18, 19 "ship building" No. 1, 1992). It is equipped with two engine "sterling" Swedish company "Compower" brand V4-275P operating on diesel fuel and the oxygen. Provided for the airlock to exit of divers (6 people), 4 pull-out supports, Windows and separate wheelhouse, serving as a rescue capsule. "Saga" has a length of 28 m, a width of 7.4 m, height 8 m Max�th depth 600 m, speed u - 6 knots, the autonomy of underwater 35 days. OOPS "Saga" has equipment: propulsion device, cabin, controls (keel and rudder), the life support system, the ballast, and the supply of high pressure air, navigation equipment. Navigation equipment includes lightbar, log, depth indicator, echo inclinometer, differenter, speed indicator, sonar, durable housing.

With all its perfection OOPS "Saga" has a very large size, which complicates its use for placement in the aircraft carrier and impairs maneuverability. Its layout allows you to place only 6 people (divers). OOPS "Saga" has a narrow specialization in the application.

The technical result of the invention is the creation of a universal Multihull bathyscaphe (GOA) with rapid change in its use to perform various functions.

The technical result is achieved in that the Multihull manned bathyscaphe (I), comprising a housing, engines and propellers, avionics equipment, controls, and navigation, made in the form of a universal integrated system consisting of several buildings arranged in a row, one of which is the main driving and �steel - interchangeable modules. The modules are hermetically connected to the main body of the automatic releasable connection with the transitional hatches messages between the buildings. Each building is equipped depending on the purpose of life-support systems and Autonomous ascent. Multihull the apparatus has a device for connecting wire rope cable with aircraft-carrier (when placing it on the aircraft carrier) with the vessel or carrier.

In Multihull deep-sea manned apparatus according to option II the axis of symmetry of the buildings when viewed from the front are located on the same circle, and in the center of the system between buildings installed the propellers.

Multihull GOA is based on the amphibious aircraft carrier with a special hatch in the bottom of the boat, the lid of which opens downward, and him down the hatch into the water.

Multihull GOA allows you to quickly disconnect and replace the housing, as a unit with other equipment and purpose depending on the need to perform other tasks.

In addition, rescue modules, equipped with everything necessary to salvation, for example, the crew of the sunken submarine, to position saved in sections, decompression, medical care, etc., and also to disconnect the module from the main body and self surfacing. The proposed scheme of megacorps�go GOA allows its relatively small size, that gives the possibility of placing it on the plane-the carrier and at the same time to place more saved in a rescue helicopter.

Comparative analysis of the present invention with the identified analogues shows that it has novelty, inventive step and industrial applicability.

The invention is illustrated by a brief description and the attached drawings, which illustrate two variants of the mutual arrangement of the buildings.

I option

Fig. 1 shows a front projection bathyscaphe;

Fig. 2 shows a top view of GOA;

Fig. 3 shows a side view of GOA;

Fig. 4 shows A view;

Fig. 5 shows a section b-B;

Fig. 6 shows an axonometric view of GOA.

II variant

Fig. 7 shows a front view of GOA;

Fig. 8 shows a top view of GOA;

Fig. 9 shows a side view of GOA;

Fig. 10 shows an axonometric view of GOA;

Fig. 11 shows GOA, was lowered from the aircraft carrier through the fore-hatch in the bottom of the boat.

Multihull deep water manned vehicle can be performed both tethered (tether cable) and controlled mainly remotely from the aircraft carrier (vessel, vehicle) or as a standalone.

Multihull deep-sea manned apparatus shown in Fig. 1-11, is a universal�ing integrated system consisting of several, for example three, interchangeable wings arranged, for example, in row (I-variant), or the axis of symmetry of the buildings when viewed from the front are located on the same circle, and in the center of the system between buildings installed drivers (variant II).

One of the buildings 1 - main bearing equipped with 2 engines, and a navigation system control, and other equipment necessary for surface and underwater Autonomous moving apparatus. Other attached housings 3 and 4 as interchangeable modules, equipped with equipment depending on the purpose and functions.

The connection of the housings automatically detachable, allowing you to quickly disconnect one or more buildings for possible self surfacing.

In the combined housings capable of message (transitions from one building to another), to the 5 hatches. According to the main dimensions of all buildings are the same, of circular cross-section, with the nasal part 6, made in the form of a hemisphere, and a tail part 7 in the form of a cone.

In the fore part of the main body is a casing 8 in the form of a ball, which has a door 9, Windows 10, a lamp 11.

In the tail of the outside on the sides of the cone has two propeller 12 in the form of screws enclosed by a bezel 13. At the bottom of the cone spaced�s keel 14 and the wheel 15.

In the rescue case (Fig. 3) in the bow is the airlock chamber 16 with an input hatch 17 in the forward hemisphere of the housing closed by a cover 18. In cylindrical (middle) part of the body for the airlock are the seat 19 for the unsaved, between the seats - pass floor 20. In the upper part of the casing are brackets 21 for installation and fixation of stretcher 22. In the housing 4 has a hatch 23, when opened, pushed forward manipulating device 24, which allow you to perform operations with repair works, excavation activities, individual items, etc.

Fig. 7-11 shows a second variant of the mutual arrangement of buildings, for example, the axis of symmetry of the buildings when viewed from the front are located on the same circle, where the upper case of the main (driving), but below the two buildings-module.

This option has its advantages. It takes up less space in width and therefore is easier on the aircraft carrier 25 (Fig. 11).

Multihull GOA to the location of these buildings easier to manage at the approach to the sunken submarine and connecting to the airlock hatch, and better manage operations using manipulators.

In Multihull GOA second option is possible to install additional screws 26, the prisoners in the pipe 27 located between the hulls.

For completed�I tasks in extreme situations (the rescue of the crew of a sunken submarine, the underwater repair of oil or Gastropoda) amphibian aircraft carrier Multihull GOA on Board provodnitsa at the place of accident, the hatch opens at the bottom of the boat, the cover is lowered into the water. Multihull GOA liberated from braces mounts, the roller 28 moves down, the fall in the water and by setting in motion lead screws, switches to surface, and then diving. After the work Multihull GOA POPs up and pulled the cable of the cable 29 to the hatch of the plane, and then by conveyor 28 in the plane and secured in the travelling position for the return flight to base.

In shipbuilding for the design, construction and operation of the deep manned submersibles achieved high results and apparatuses close to perfection. Analyzing the schema structures OPA can improve some quality characteristics of these devices. So, in the result of research and analysis of structures of analogues appeared this proposal original scheme Multihull bathyscaphe.

When comparing the present invention with similar there are significant advantages of the proposed design scheme Multihull bathyscaphe, which gives the possibility of rapid changes zelev�th destination apparatus for performing various functions, using different configuration of the buildings-modules in an integrated system, able to solve different tasks.

The proposed design scheme bathyscaphe with multiple (e.g., three) interchangeable housings-modules equipped with the equipment depending on the destination and fused together with the main driving body, is a versatile integrated system with the possibility of its use for different situations, for example in case of emergency rescue of the crew of a sunken submarine, for repair works under water, divers and delivery of necessary goods to the depth of the ocean, ocean monitoring, and to perform other functions when possible and unpredictable situations.

Great importance is provided to undock one (or more) towers-modules and their emersion in extreme situations.

The size and location of buildings in the system allows maximum use of occupied office space and to dispose more saving in buildings, post it on the plane-the carrier (amphibians) with remote control on the cable, the cable from amphibian aircraft (afloat) or as an Autonomous underwater vehicle. Technical and economic efficiency of the invention is achieved �offer original design scheme Multihull bathyscaphe with its advantages compared to identified analogues and is reflected in the universality of this system, in the mobility of its application, in the rapidity of change in its use by prompt replacement of buildings-modules to perform various functions, the possibility of placing it on the aircraft carrier, to enhance the safety, compactness of the whole system.

The present invention is implementable on existing technologies from the currently used materials.

1. Multihull deep water manned vehicle, comprising a housing, engines and propellers, avionics equipment, controls and navigation, characterized in that it is made in the form of a universal integrated system consisting of several buildings arranged in a row, one of which is the main driving and the rest of interchangeable modules, hermetically United with the main body of the automatic releasable connection with the transitional hatches messages between the housings, with each housing is equipped depending on the purpose of life-support systems and Autonomous ascent, as well as multi-hull apparatus has a device for connecting wire rope cable with aircraft-carrier (when placing it on the aircraft carrier) with the vessel or carrier.

2. Multihull deep water manned vehicle, comprising a housing, engines and propellers, avionics equipment, controls and �aviatsii, characterized in that it is made in the form of a universal integrated system consisting of several buildings, with the axis of symmetry of the buildings when viewed from the front are located on the same circle, and in the center of the system between buildings installed the propellers, and one of the buildings is the main driving and the rest of interchangeable modules, hermetically United with the main body of the automatic releasable connection with the transitional hatches messages between the housings, with each housing is equipped depending on the purpose of life-support systems and Autonomous ascent, as well as multi-hull apparatus has a device for connecting wire rope cable with aircraft-carrier (when placing it on the aircraft carrier) with the vessel or vehicle.



 

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