Underwater aircraft carrier

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: underwater aircraft carrier is proposed which vessel contains interconnected in parallel modules, including two propeller modules, totally four modules are made, herewith, the third module is installed between propeller modules, made air-capable and contains flying-off deck and inductive coil made concentrically to main hull, under it aeroplane hangar module is made, herewith, front and rear ends of air-capable module are made with closing openings for take-off and landing.

EFFECT: improved combat capabilities of underwater vessel.

6 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to shipbuilding, mainly the submarine force.

Known for submarine (nuclear submarine - submarine, containing a solid body, covering his light body, tank between the buildings and rescue chamber, coupled to the Premier League with the possibility of separation from her (see Pavlov A. S. warships of Russia 1997-1998 Guide. Yakutsk, Lithographer, 1997, 151 PP., pp. 17, 18, 23, 24; Bukalov V. M., Narybaev A. A. Designing nuclear submarines. L., Shipbuilding, 1968, pp. 72-83).

The existing segmentation of the environment in a robust housing through use of "durable" intergate-type bulkheads submarine is illusory, maintaining the relation compartments by passing through bulkheads numerous pipelines for gases and liquids, ventilation ducts and cable routes (power, control, communications, etc.), which often leads to the impossibility of localization of damage and fires on Board, loss of control compartments and the distribution of damage in neighboring compartments. Such a situation inevitably end in disaster, see Bukan P. S. In the footsteps of submarine disasters. - M.: the Guild of masters "Rus", 1992.

These results (the safety of the crew) is achieved by the fact that in a nuclear submarine, containing a solid body, covering his light body, tank IU�do these corps and rescue chamber, docked nuclear submarine, robust housing made from separate rigidly interconnected capsules separated capsules for habitat crew and capsule with energy and other potentially hazardous installations and systems, and in a capsule attached to a common power keel farm, and rescue the chamber is made in the form of a self-propelled and controlled submarine, which is placed in the main control room of a nuclear submarine and used to rescue the entire crew in the accident of a nuclear submarine, when this capsules are communicated between transitional hatches with watertight closures and through the connecting block and plug the gateway for the passage to rescue the camera.

In addition, on a nuclear submarine reactors installed having a first branch circuit for thermoelectric generators with natural circulation of coolant. In addition, each capsule is equipped with Autonomous fire extinguishing systems and survivability of the manned capsules have an Autonomous life support systems and communications.

In addition to enhancing the safety of the crew capsules, distantsirovaniya from capsules with energy and other dangerous installations and systems, significant functional effect of the proposed nuclear submarine (NPS) provides inform�of additional thermoelectric generators (TEG), working with the staffing reactor nuclear power plant (NPP) nuclear submarines (see description to patent RU 2151083 C1. This allows you to abandon the emergency diesel generators and reduce the capacity of the battery backup. Power TAG approximately two orders of magnitude lower than the staffing of the turbogenerator and is selected from conditions ensure noiseless diving submarine at low speed (3-7 nodes) in the underwater flight with simultaneous economical electricity supply main on-Board control systems, life support, survivability and communications Barclays Premier League, including repairs and/or accidents on Board with no restrictions on time spent in a submerged position.

The reality of the proposal is certied at the present time, reliability and possibilities of remote control of complex technical systems from a remote center with the transfer of the active safety functions, self-regulation and automatic duplication unattended on a local computer device, have long been successfully used in terrestrial nuclear energy and the technology of manned space flight, aviation (see, for example, an Industry seminar Minatom "Modern methods and means of diagnostics of nuclear power plants. Obninsk, 2001, 98 p., as well as experience of creating and operating an automated submarine of project 705, develop�the auditors SKB-142, see Il'in V. E. submarines of Russia. - M: Astral, 2002 - 287 p., p. 62 to 71).

The proposed encapsulation and remote control intelligent units of nuclear submarines from the main control room (GPU), placed in the rescue chamber, allow to drastically reduce the number of the crew of the submarine, leaving experts only control on the main official positions. When the three-shift watch get 15 people on Board.

A number of auxiliary functions, such as meals, housekeeping, medical, recreation, etc., will be provided podsaharennoj change. The reality of such extension functions supported by practice, long-term (more than 1 year!) manned space flights. With the experience of sailing in such conditions we can expect further integration of the functions of the crew members and the population decline.

Famous American nuclear submarine "Triton" (SSRN-586) having a feed end (TO) containing solid hull, propeller shafts with propellers and main thrust bearings and dadude in the stern compartment. (Bykhov I. A. Nuclear ships. Leningrad, 1961, p. 121-128, 144, PL. 13/3 row from the top).

The disadvantage of this ALE is that it is not adapted for placement in it of additional equipment control and protection aft hemisphere as due to the lack of necessary�entered as much as possible space, and the inability to provide the conditions for the detection equipment.

Famous nuclear submarine RF patent for the invention №2466056, IPC D63G 8/00, publ. 10.11.2012.

The submarine contains a solid body, covering his light body, tank between the buildings, the aft extremity with propellers, with the hub mounted on the propeller shaft connected to the motor and is connected in turn through switch electric cable to the battery, the shaft of which is connected to the main shaft, propulsion system, shaft connected to an electric generator.

Disadvantages: limited time of stay in the Premier League submerged due to the heat of a nuclear reactor and a relatively low efficiency of the propulsion system.

Known modular submarine RF patent for the invention №2494004, IPC B63G 8/00, publ. 27.09.2013 G., a prototype.

The submarine contains three modules connected to one another, the longitudinal axes are parallel.

Disadvantages: limited combat capabilities of the submarine, which is armed only with missiles and torpedoes. There is no air.

The task of creating a group of inventions increase the combat capabilities of the submarine.

Solving these problems is achieved in an underwater aircraft carrier, containing connected in parallel between a fashion�and, including two motor module with propeller shafts, characterized in that a total of four modules, wherein the third module is installed between the motor modules made aircraft carrier and contains the flight deck and inductive coil formed concentrically rugged body beneath him made a module hangar for planes, the front and rear extremity of the aircraft-carrier module is made with lockable openings for takeoff and landing.

Aircraft module can be performed with a differential relative to the motor modules. On the flight deck may be constructed with at least one hatch, which has an Elevator. At the front of the carrier deck can be done the ramp. The connection modules can be made power elements and sluice modules. In the front part of the motor modules can be performed rescue compartments.

The invention is illustrated in Fig. 1...5, where

- Fig. 1 is a diagram of an underwater aircraft carrier,

- Fig. 2 shows a top view,

- Fig. 3 shows the front part of the aircraft module,

- Fig. 4 shows the rear part of the aircraft module,

- Fig. 5 shows the section A-A.

Submarine aircraft carrier (Fig. 1...5) contains four modules, the longitudinal axes are parallel in the horizontal plane two motor 1 and 2 and in �ertikalnye between them aircraft carriers 3 mounted above and between them the hangar module 4 mounted underneath. Motor modules 1 and 2 attached to the aircraft-carrier module 3 and module-hangar 4 using gateway 5.

Aircraft module 3 contains a robust housing 6, within which the flight deck with 7 runway 8.

Along durable casing 6 is made of an electromagnetic coil 9. In the front and rear of the aircraft-carrier module 3 is provided with holes 10 and 11 that can be closed by flaps 12 and 13 when sinking an aircraft carrier. In front of the aircraft-carrier module 3 is the ramp 14.

Module-hangar 4 has a housing 15 and the deck 16. In the module-hangar 4 has 17 aircraft. Modules 3 and 4 are connected by the lift 18, in which the Elevator platform 19 for raising and lowering the aircraft 17.

Motor modules 2 and 3 contain the housing 20, with the propeller 21 is mounted on the propeller shaft 22 connected to the motor 23.

The motor 23 electric cable 24 is connected with the switch 25, which is mounted in the compartment of the electrical motor 26 modules 1 and 2. The switch 25 is connected to the battery 27. To login to the switch 25 is connected to the generator 28 connected to the shaft 29 with the propulsion system 30, which is the circulation pipelines 31 and 32 are connected with a nuclear reactor 33 installed in the nuclear compartment 34.

Before the nuclear compartment 34 posted rescue compartment 35.

Aircraft carriers m�Dul 3 with a main switch 36, with which are connected the electrical cables 24 from the motor modules 2 and 3 and the electromagnetic coil 12..

The longitudinal axis of the two modules 1 and 2 performed in a horizontal plane, and modules 3 and 4 are formed in the vertical plane (Fig. 5) and the aircraft-carrier module 3 is located above the motor modules 1 and 2, which will arrange the flight deck 7 above the water level 37.

Combat use carrier submarine

In submerged holes 10 and 11 are closed by the flaps 12 and 13. Planes 17 are in the module-hangar 4. For the application of aviation kick underwater aircraft carrier POPs up. Open the holes 10 and 11. Elevators 18 raise the aircraft 17 one on the flight deck 7. Planes 17 and seasoned complement of weapons (bombs, missiles and shells).

The 17 aircraft taking off from hole 10, using the ramp 14. Before overclocking 17 aircraft on the runway include 8 electromagnet coil 9, which speeds up the acceleration.

Landing 17 is in the hole 11 on runway 8.

In an emergency it is possible to move the crew from the aircraft-carrier module 3 through the 5 gateways to rescue compartments in the compartment 35 and the electrical motor 26 modules 1 and 2, the disjuncture between the modules 1...4 and care preserved module or two modules 1 and 2.

Application of the invention allowed:

1. �to provide for a significant increase in the depth of swimming underwater aircraft carrier by reducing the diameter of the modules compared with a submarine of the same displacement as a single module.

2. To facilitate the takeoff of the aircraft through the use of inductors that perform the acceleration of the aircraft during takeoff.

3. To increase the reliability of propulsion and underwater aircraft carrier through the use of reliable engine external heating and a nuclear reactor.

4. To significantly improve the reliability of the control system and the efficiency of the propulsion system through the application of the main switch.

5. To improve the layout of the compartments of the submarine aircraft carrier and the safety of the crew due to the modular design, application gateways and rescue compartments.

1. Underwater carrier, containing connected in parallel between the modules, including two motor module with propeller shafts, characterized in that a total of four modules, wherein the third module is installed between the motor modules made aircraft carrier and contains the flight deck and inductive coil formed concentrically rugged body beneath him made a module hangar for planes, the front and rear extremity of the aircraft-carrier module is made with lockable openings for takeoff and landing.

2. Underwater carrier, according to claim 1, characterized in that the aircraft-carrier module is made with the elevation relative to the propulsion units.

3. Underwater carrier, according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that in take-off pelobiidae at least one hatch, which has an Elevator.

4. Underwater carrier, according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that at the front of the flight deck made the jump.

5. Underwater carrier, according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the connection module is made power elements and sluice modules.

6. Underwater carrier, according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that in the front of the motor modules is designed rescue compartments.



 

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