Device for saving people

FIELD: rescue equipment.

SUBSTANCE: rotary-driven platform for the boom and the base of the rest for it in the transport position are mounted on slides with a drive of their longitudinal movement along the axis of the vehicle, and both drives are connected to one control means for passing the complicated turns. On each side of the base on the vertical axes the telescopic manipulators are mounted to perform of function of remote support by each of them. The descending means is made in the form of an elevator cab with a cable retention mechanism on the roof, provided with guides and actuators to move the cable attachment point on the horizontal coordinates and a unit of their control, connected with load cells mounted in the corners of the cab roof. On the rear wall of the cab the guide elements are mounted to contact with the transport sections. At the site besides placement of the autonomous flame retardant means, with folding seats are equipped with elastic sleeves for descending, and also the horizontal telescopic sections are mounted, for the aggrieved persons can go to the place of descent by themselves or with the help of the rope drive and the wheel chairs stacked in the store. At that the side and the sections of the transition are equipped with folding fences with mesh.

EFFECT: this scheme of the device enables to accelerate the arrival and evacuation of the aggrieved persons from the fire seat remote from the roadway to the site and their descending to the ground using flexible hoses.

4 cl, 9 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of vehicle rescue equipment.

A device for rescuing people that contains a motor vehicle with standard supports, with the housing boom and a focus for him in the transport position, the rotary actuator platform on which is installed with the lift cylinder body with specified working sections telescopic wheel one-lifting, equipped with a controller extreme positions of the piston and stepper drive, also section equipped with means of their fixation, and clicking principle of capture, and at the ends of the rails framework with supports for fixing transport intended for the descent of the means of salvation, the telescopic sections of a closed profile with a slot the entire length on the upper surface, with the means of orientation and is suspended on a fixed on the first section of the axis of the platform affected with floors, Seating accommodation standalone flame retardants and Assembly to supply air into it, the fences, including hinged equipped to accommodate the mechanisms of capture of the cable mounts cable drive in the form of two winches connected by one rope, thrown through the block. Application No. 2013111984/12 (017836). The decision to grant patent for invention dated 19.12.2013. The disadvantages of this prior art device�TWA, there is no use of rescue elastic sleeves in front of residential buildings, densely planted with shrubs and trees, inaccessibility to buildings, considerably remote from the roadway, lack of roundabouts with a narrow carriageway. The basis of the claimed invention was based on the task of creating such a device for the salvation of men, which would increase the number of paths of descent men with thick green forests before objects of distress, to increase the availability of means of salvation to objects remote from the roadway, and improve agility in the intersections with narrow passages. Technical solution to the problem is provided by the fact that the device for the salvation of people, which includes vehicle with standard supports, with the housing boom and a focus for him in the transport position, the rotary actuator platform on which is installed with a hydraulic cylinder of lifting the said telescopic boom working sections hydraulically move them one at a time, equipped with a controller extreme positions of the piston and stepper drive, also section equipped with means of their fixation, and clicking principle of capture, and at the ends of the rails framework with the supports attaching a transport destined for the descent of rescue equipment the telescopic sections of a closed profile with a slot the entire length on the upper surface�STI, with the means of orientation and suspended on the first section of the axis of the platform affected with floors, Seating accommodation standalone flame retardants and Assembly thereto for supplying air, railings, including folding, to accommodate the mechanism of capture of the cable vehicles using a cable actuator in the form of two winches connected by one rope, thrown through the block, according to the invention is rotatable with the drive platform and the base of the fence installed on the sled with the drive moving them along the axis of the vehicle, and the emphasis is mounted on the circular guide whose center coincides with the center of rotation of the platform, while both drives are connected to the management tool equipped with the automation program through the complicated twists and turns, the sides of the base of the emphasis on vertical axes to the actuator pivot mounted telescopic manipulators to perform each of their functions, remote support or counterweight in combination with the load placed on the sled. Means the descent is made in the form of Elevator cabin with reclining seats and the mechanism of attachment of the cable on the roof, equipped with guide rails and a motor for moving the attachment of the cable in horizontal coordinates and unit management related to the load sensors mounted on the corners of roofs� cab, and the rear wall of the fixed guide members for contacting with the transport sections, the slits in closed profiles which are made in two different planes, and the combination of such profiles are selected so that the planes of their slots in the projection form a diametrically located grooves for contact with said guide elements. The platform is further provided with a means of descent in the form of life-sleeves with elastic Autonomous placement of a horizontal wheel telescopic sections, under the floor of which, including the site placed cable drive, the block is fixed at the beginning of the first section, and the floor to allow access for trucks made in the form of troughs transport guides and a slit for the passage of elements in their mechanism of capture of the cable, at the boundary sections of the height differential offset angled cuts floor, shop for chairs-trolleys fixed at the beginning of the first section on the inner side hinged to the outside of the fence, connected rigidly at the ends and the top with its elements equal to the internal width of the specified partition, and across the fence on the vertical axis is set to the cradle unit for an air supply, the back side which in turn serves as a fence. Folding guard teles�epicheskih sections and the periphery of the platform are made in the form of frames with mesh, in this case, sections of their height equal to the internal width of these sections in the transport position, they are laid horizontally upon each other and the bottom of them rely on the handrails, and to block the exit from the platform into the cockpit installed movable fencing, all fencing, including hinged, provided with means of illumination, which is designed to screen for victims real picture height. The invention is illustrated by drawings:

Fig.1 - General view of the device for saving people (functional diagram).

Fig.2 - view And Fig.1 (scheme).

Fig.3 - view of B in Fig.2(scheme).

Fig.4 - cross section b-b of Fig.2 (scheme increased).

Fig.5 - cross section g-G of Fig.3 (scheme increased).

Fig.6 - chair-cart in three projections (scheme).

Fig.7 - the mechanism of capture of the cable (the scheme).

Fig.8 - a view D of Fig.7 (scheme).

Fig.9 - view E in Fig.7 (scheme).

Fig.10 is a sectional view 3-3 of Fig.7 (scheme).

Device for rescue of people / of Fig.1, Fig.2, Fig.3 / includes motor vehicle 1 with the housing 2 of the boom and the bracket 3 for him in the transport position, a standard strut 4, the turntable 5 on which is mounted a hydraulic cylinder 6 lift the specified enclosure with telescopic working sections 7 and 8 hydraulic move them one at a time. The hydraulic drive is equipped with a controller extreme positions of the piston and stepper actuator, double,�same means and their fixation, the clicking principle, capture, and at the ends of the rails framework with the supports 9 of 10 attachment transport, funds for shutter 11, the telescoping sections 12, with the means of orientation and is suspended on a fixed on the first section of the axis 13 of the pad 14 with the floor, Seating accommodation standalone flame retardants 15, unit to supply air into it 16, with fences, including folding, to accommodate vehicles. Cable drive in the form of two winches 17 connected by one cable 18, thrown through the block 19. This turntable 5 and the base 20 of the stopper 3 is installed on the slide 21 with a drive of their displacement, the stopper 3 is fixed to the circular guide 22, and both drives are connected to the management tool equipped with the automation program through the complicated twists and turns. On the sides of the base 20 on the vertical axis with the actuator pivot set with telescopic legs 23 and hooks 24 positioners 25, and before the base is placed the load 26. Tool shutter 11 is formed as a hinged seat Elevator cab with the mechanism 27 of the cable mounting on the roof, equipped with guide rails and a motor for moving the attachment of the cable in horizontal coordinates and unit management related to the load sensors mounted in the corners of the cab roof and rear wall of the fixed guide elem�options 28 for contacting with grooves 29, educated in the transport section sections 12 slots they closed profile /Fig.4/. The platform 14 is additionally provided with means of descent in the form of life of the elastic sleeve 30 and placement 31, wherein the horizontal hole of the shutter plate 32 is made of a fence with a horizontal axis of rotation at the bottom and enclosed rotary angle around the vertical axis 33 and flat 34 fences with a spatial fixation of their position rotatable around the horizontal axis of the U-shaped bracket 35, the sleeve is fixed to the plate with a hole made with a flange for engagement with the hole bottom. Additionally, the platform is further provided with a horizontal telescopic sections 36, under the floor of which, including the site placed cable drive 37, block 38 which is fixed at the beginning of the first section, and the floor is made in the form of grooves 39 of the transport guides for chairs-trolleys 40 and the slot 41 for the passage of elements in their mechanism of capture of the cable 42 /Fig.5, Fig.6/, at the boundary of sections elevation offset angled cuts floor with gutters and slit. In the place of installation means 40 into the trough 39 of the wall is made sloping outwards for easy ingress wheels of these funds, and in the area of the cab 11, the bottom of the chute is made with a slope before reaching the level�and. Shop for armchairs-carriages 43 are placed at the beginning of the first section on the inner side hinged to the outside of the fence 44, rigidly United with its elements 45 and 46, and opposite it on the vertical axis is set to the cradle 47 for Assembly of air supply 16, the back side which in turn serves as a fence. Fencing telescopic sections and the periphery of the sites are equipped with hinged mesh fence 48, while the fence sections in the transport position, laid horizontally upon each other and the bottom of them rely on the rail 49, and all guards, without exception, is provided with illumination means for shielding the real picture height. The use of grids in protections aimed at reducing the sail device. Chair trolley 40 /Fig.6/ made in the form of carts for retail chains, which removed the recycle bin, instead of the bottom of the car seat 50, the handle 51 is used as the backrest, which is additionally secured to the divergent side arms 52, the front retainer for the wheels is made in step 53 with the opening in the middle for free passage during stacking by capture mechanism of a cable 42 attached to the crosspieces between the legs of the rear wheels, while the lower level jumpers selected from the conditions of free passage running boards, all wheel deprived of their liberty turn�and around their vertical axes, and the seat belt 54 is attached between the handle 51 and arm 52. The mechanism of capture of the cable 42 /Fig.7, Fig.8, Fig.9, Fig.10/ spring 55 mounted on the rod between the lugs of the plates 56 57 placed between brackets 58 and the plate 59, wherein the axis of rotation 60 is installed on the average, a Cam with a handle 61 on the bottom and the locking arm 62 on the top bracket. Plate 59 is provided with a guide 63 for engagement with the holder 64, which is equipped with two restrictors 65 moving said plate and the hole 66 under the retainer 62 to its upper position, with indexable inserts grip 67 is installed in the plane of the working ends of the wafers. To block the exit from the platform 14 to the cab 11 is mounted a movable fence 68 and exit at the bottom installed standalone receiver 69 in the form of a platform with railing and stairs with railings. The claimed device is as follows. In transport and source the provisions of standard strut 4 is removed, the telescopic sections 7, 12, 36 in the folded position, the housing boom 2 is supported on the stop 3, flame retardant, 15 folded recorded at the end of the first section 36 and the cradle 47 unit with the air supply turned off inside the specified partition, chairs-trolleys stacked in the form placed in the store 43, the handles 25 are fixed along the sides of the vehicle 1, the load 26 closed�captured on slide 21, cabin 11 is fixed in the lower position of the sections 12, elastic sleeve 30 is fixed on the floor of the platform 14, and all of the hinged fence fixed conditions of minimal external dimensions. When driving in conditions with complex twists include the actuators of the platform 5, the rails 21 and their coordinated management. On-scene motor vehicle 1 mounted on the support 4, the arm 25 from the side sections 36 turns around and in between parked vehicles will Telescopium reliance on the maximum possible distance, it is possible to use the movement of the slide 21 for the optimal location of the specified manipulator in constrained conditions. The opposite arm hook 24 by a cable relieves respecitvely load 26 and sets on the ground in a location convenient to pereshchepine his support of the manipulator, and then unfold the latter at right angles to the tool 1 and Telescopium cargo as possible over the distance. At the same time lift cylinder the boom 6 and the mechanism of orientation of the platform 14, when the arrow of the vertical position under the cab 11 set the receiver 69 and the cabin itself respexit, operators occupy a place in it, and include a working winch on the rise 17, wherein the auxiliary winch works in R�the bench idling (unwinding of the cable drum). Upon reaching the cabin pad 14 is triggered the system to its shutdown, operators face on a specified platform, close the output moveable barrier 68 and include a lifting platform, which is carried out alternately raising sections 7 hydraulic 8, wherein the winch 17 is included in a synchronous unwinding the ropes from their drums. At the time of the lifting operators are deploying space 31, hinged lift all barriers, turn out the guard 44 with the store 43 to the cradle 47, transferred to the beginning of the first section 36 of the Autonomous flame retardant 15 and include moving sections 36 to the fire, and also offer a means of illumination. In the fire set and reveal the frame means 15 to shelter victims from fire, able to move independently in sections 36 are transferred in 31 places and carry out their descent, and hard-hit move with chairs-trolleys 40, which extracts them from the store 43, set their wheels in the trough 39, pull the lock 62 of the locking mechanism 42, the plate 59 with inserts which grip 67 is lowered down into the zone of the drive cable 37, rotate the handle 61, the grip of the cable inserts 67, chair cart ready to move. The victim is seated in a chair cart feet on the foot pegs 53, fasten the seat belt 54, include only�e of the actuator 37 in the cabin area 11, at which system is triggered off of the actuator 37. If possible, the victim with the assistance of the operator to reach his cabin seated on a folding seat in it while waiting for other victims, otherwise the victim in the cabin is delivered with the tool 40, for which pre-rotate the handle 61 to the other side, lift the plate 59 up to the limiter 65, the latch 62 enters the slot 66 of the holder 64 and locks the mechanism in the upper position, and the grippers release the cable, after which the chair-the cart is moved forward to the exit of the wheels on the floor. Available tools 40 rolls back on an empty seat pad 14 to be stacked. Fully loaded cabin close the door, turn on the mechanism of attachment of the cable 27, the control unit which, upon receiving data from the load sensors, calculates the center of gravity of the cab, and drives the location of attachment of the tether is moved to the center, thereby reducing the probability of occurrence of the force imbalance on the guide members 28 of the cab 11, further include her descent. While working winch lowers the cab, and pulls the auxiliary cabin down dosed with a small force to overcome a possible hang due to small distortions of the guides transport sections. At the bottom end triggered switch�, the cab stops, victims are planted in the receiver 69. And further cycles of descent may be repeated until the complete reception of all the victims. The inclusion of the cab lowering linked with the position of the movable fence 68 and can only be carried out in a closed condition.

1. Device for rescue of people, containing a motor with the standard pillars of the tool, with the housing boom and a focus for him in the transport position, the rotary actuator platform on which is installed with a hydraulic cylinder of lifting the said telescopic boom working sections, is equipped with a hydraulically move them one at a time, the controller of the end position of the piston, a stepper actuator, means of fixation, clicking principle sections, and the ends of the guide frames with lugs for attaching a transport destined for the descent of the means of salvation, the telescopic sections of a closed profile with a slot the entire length on the upper surface, with the means of orientation and suspended on the first section of the axis of the platform affected with floors, Seating accommodation standalone flame retardants and Assembly thereto for supplying air, with fences, including folding, to accommodate the store with individual means of transportation, has a mechanism of capture of the cable actuator in the form of dahlbeck United one specified cable thrown through the block, characterized in that the rotary drive platform and the base of the fence installed on the sled with the drive for moving them along the axis of the vehicle, and the emphasis is mounted on the circular guide whose center coincides with the center of rotation of the platform, with both drives connected to the management tool equipped with the automation program through the complicated twists and turns, and on each side of the base on a vertical axis with the actuator pivot mounted telescopic manipulators to perform each of their functions, remote support or counterweight in combination with the load placed on the sled, means descent is made in the form of a reclining seat Elevator cab with the mechanism of attachment of the cable on the roof, equipped with guide rails and a motor for moving the attachment of the cable in horizontal coordinates, the control unit associated with said actuators and load sensors mounted in the corners of the cab roof, with the means of stopping it in the extreme positions, and the rear wall of the fixed guide members for contacting with the transport sections, the slits in closed profiles which are made in two different planes, and the combination of these profiles are selected so that that the planes of their slots in the projection form the shape diameter�exponentially spaced grooves for contact with said guide elements, the platform is further provided with a means of descent in the form of life of the elastic sleeve and offline placement horizontal wheel telescopic sections, under the floor of which, including the site placed cable drive, the block is fixed at the beginning of the first section and to allow access for trucks on the floor made transport guides in the form of grooves and slits for the passage of elements in their mechanism of capture of the cable, at the boundary sections of the height differential offset angled cuts floor, shop for armchairs-carriages fixed in the beginning of the first section on the inner side hinged to the outside of the fence, connected rigidly at the ends and the top with its elements equal to the internal width of the specified partition, and across the fence on the vertical axis is set to the cradle unit for an air supply, the back side which in turn serves as a fence, folding fences telescopic sections and the periphery of the platform are made in the form of frames with mesh and sections, their height equal to their internal width in the transport position they are laid horizontally upon each other and the bottom of them rely on the handrails mounted on a vertical fences of the fields and sections, and to block the exit from the platform into the cockpit installed movable barrier, all Ogre�statement, including hinged, provided with means of illumination, which is designed to screen for victims real picture height.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that chair truck is made in the form of a truck for trade networks, in which removed the recycle bin, instead of the bottom of the car seat, the handle is used as a backrest, which is additionally secured to the divergent side armrests, front retainer for wheels made in the form of step with a gap in the middle for free passage during stacking past the mechanism of capture of the cable attached to the crosspieces between the legs of the rear wheels, while the lower level jumpers selected from the conditions of the free passage of foot pegs, and all the wheels are deprived of freedom of rotation its vertical axis.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the mechanism of capture of the cable springs are moved to the ends of the plates opposite the inserts grip, and mounted between the lugs of the latter, and their axis of rotation is moved to an additional bracket placed between the existing ones, thus the Cam with the handle installed on the remote from the spring clamp, the same plate is provided with a guide to communicate with the base fitted with two sides limiters displacement of the plate and a hole for a locking mechanism on its upper�of osenia, fixed thereto, while the insert for engagement of a cable deployed in the plane of the working ends of the wafers.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that to accommodate Autonomous rescue of the elastic sleeve is made of rotary elements of the fence, with horizontal hole for lowering the hull is made of fencing with the axis of rotation at its lower part and a fenced rotatable around the vertical axis in the form of area and flat rails with bearings at the bottom for the bottom and spatial fixing their position by means of pivoting around a horizontal, fixed on the top of the fence axes of the U-shaped bracket with stops along its perimeter for engagement with the upper edges of the aforesaid panels, elastic sleeve secured to the plate with a hole, made with a flange for engagement with a hole for the descent of the bottom.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: rescue operations.

SUBSTANCE: rescue device with a suspension comprises a walling made of a solid material in the form of a bottom (1), and a side wall (2) made with the ability to be folded in a vertical direction under the action of gravity when its support from the bottom and unfolding in the same direction during its suspension with the upper part, the straps (3) designed for connecting the upper part of the side wall with the outer suspension (4) of the davit, and a frame (5) with a protective cover (6) mounted on the bottom. The frame racks (7) are made in the form of pressure-tight closed tubes filled with compressed air, the bottom is made in the form of an inflatable raft (9), also filled with compressed air, at that the side wall is made in the form of the bellows (10) covering the bottom, the outer diameter of which is chosen with larger dimensions than the inflatable raft. The tubes, the inflatable raft and the bellows are made of organosilicone rubber.

EFFECT: providing the possibility to rescue of people from the water surface, their safety while raising them to the shipboard, increase in reliability of the side wall.

3 dwg

FIELD: rescue operations.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises an enclosing structure made of a solid material, in the form of a bottom (1) and a side wall (2), made with the ability to be folded in a vertical direction under the action of gravity with its support in the bottom and folding it in the same direction when being suspended by its upper part, cords (3) designed for connecting the upper part of the side wall to the outer suspension (4) of a davit, a frame (5) with a protective cover (6) fixed to the bottom. Racks (7) of the frame are made in the form of sealed tubes (8) filled with compressed air. The bottom is made in the form of an inflatable raft (9), the inflatable raft and the bellows are made of silicone rubber, at that the inflatable raft protrudes beyond the dimensions of the bellows and the protective cover.

EFFECT: rescuing people from the water surface, safety of the rescued when lifting them aboard the ship, increase in the reliability of the enclosing structure due to the presence of an accordion-type compliance structure.

3 dwg

FIELD: rescue operations.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises displacing the liquid up by the body immersed in it under the influence of its gravity and returned to the initial upper position by gravity of liquid displaced by it, acting on the lever that raises the drowned body upwards, and also displacement of liquid between the well tanks in the siphon tubes. According to the invention the liquid is pushed from the housing both under the action of gravity of the immersed body and the gravity of the storage container mounted on it with the displaced liquid stored in it, the displaced liquid is first used for additional loading of the body immersed in the liquid, and after reaching the limit depth of immersion of the drowned body the load of the displaced water is removed from it and the long lever is loaded with it, that lifts the drowned body at a distance from the bearing point of the lever, corresponding to compliance to the energy conservation principle on the lever, which is expressed in equation of moments of forces acting on the lever of the opposite direction relating to the bearing point of the lever.

EFFECT: device consisting of a housing, an immersed body, and the means for its reciprocating motion enables to remove water from flooded sites due to gravity of the immersed body and the lifted water and thus provides resource saving.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: rescue operations.

SUBSTANCE: device for rescue people on water comprises an enclosing structure made of a solid material, in the form of a bottom (1) and a side wall (2), made with the ability to be folded in a vertical direction under the action of gravity with its support in the bottom and folding it in the same direction when being suspended by its upper part, cords (3) designed for connecting the upper part of the side wall to the outer suspension (4) of a davit, a support frame (5) with a protective cover (6) fixed to the bottom. The side wall is made of heat-resistant silicone rubber in the form of bellows (7) covering the bottom. The device is provided with an inflatable raft (8), the external dimensions of which are greater than the external dimensions of the bellows and protective cover.

EFFECT: opportunity to rescue people from the water surface, safety of the rescued when lifting them aboard the ship, in addition, the increase in the reliability of the side wall due to the presence of an accordion-type compliance structure.

3 dwg

FIELD: fire safety.

SUBSTANCE: invention is based on the use of special fold-out wall sections of the building to form evacuation descents from the building. The sections are folded-out by individual drives of the automatic control system on preliminary prepared stationary earthen cushions comparable in height to the level of the surrounding earth surface, and the command to their folding-out is issued automatically when exceeding the level of smoke above the determined.

EFFECT: development of a method of rapid evacuation of categories of citizens with limited mobility from low-level buildings without waiting for arrival of rescue workers, and with simplified access of fire-fighters to the burning building.

5 cl, 2 dwg

Belay device // 2541305

FIELD: rescue equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a belay device for controlling and blocking the rope moving inside it. The belay device for blocking the rope comprises a main housing made of two flat plates arranged opposite each other in parallel planes and connected to each other by means of several fastening elements, a rope intended for insertion inside the housing between two plates, a snaphook, at that the device has an opening for attachment to the device housing of the snaphook by passing it through the opening, characterised in that the snaphook is attachable to the user and is made with the ability to move along the opening between the positions non-blocking and blocking the rope and vice versa, at that the movement of the snaphook in the blocking position occurs due to the tension of the rope.

EFFECT: present invention is directed to improvement of reliability and safety.

11 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the means which enable people to escape or draw attention to themselves when in contact with the snow avalanche. The device for self-escaping of people in the snow avalanche comprises an avalanche cord, a signal cartridge and a parachute. At that the signal cartridge, the parachute and the avalanche cord are connected in series with each other.

EFFECT: invention is directed at the salvation of a person when in contact with an avalanche by preventing its covering with the avalanche material - snow, ice, and removal of a person out of the avalanche flow to the surface of the snowdrift.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for chuting people and cargo under action of gravity, in particular to life saving equipment for self-evacuation during fires and for descending mountain-rescue men and spidermen. Device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes includes body, flexible load carrier made as resilient steel band placed on drum, movable and immovable pins between which the load carrier is moved. According to the invention the device contains speed limiter located between two immovable pins and consisting of plank set on axis, right and left pins located on the plank at different sides from axis, rod with piston which rod is shifted down by left pin, spring squeezed by piston and bolt serving to adjust spring flexibility. To stabilise speed the device additionally contains a gear set transmitting rotation from drum to gear wheel interacting via balancer axis with pendulum and pendulum weight, herewith the balancer can also be of spring type.

EFFECT: improved safety of device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes at constant speed in automatic braking mode.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: this device comprises the following components: cylinder body, plunger reciprocating therein and including piston rod extending inside cylinder body to make the cylinder with body, mechanical extending assembly with at least one element of the set composed by cylinder, rod and lock with individual drive at assembly for mechanical setting of design length of the device required for application of the cylinder.

EFFECT: perfected design.

19 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: rescue operations.

SUBSTANCE: each passenger and crew member is supplied with short-term exposure self-contained breathing apparatus, which are located at the place of location of the passenger or crew member, the pneumatic circuit is mounted along the deck handrails with the compressed air; the branch pipes of the pneumatic circuit with pneumatic valves are made at each output gate; the wardrobes with cocoon-overalls are mounted at the latter; in case of a sudden sinking of watercraft every citizen, using the breathing apparatus, gets to the nearest wardrobe with cocoon-overalls and puts it on himself, as well as on the child, if any; opens the gate; attaches the trunk of the cocoon-overall to the branch pipes of the pneumatic circuit and switches on the pneumatic valve; the cocoon-overall is filled with compressed air and by comparing the pressure in it and in the pneumatic circuit it unlocks the trunk of the cocoon-overall, and the latter with the fleeing citizen flows to the surface of the water reservoir, where remains afloat until his radio beacon is heard by rescuers and the cocoon-overall is detected with its bright phosphorescent colour; a fleeing citizen is not threatened to death from cold water, because he is protected from all sides with compressed air layer.

EFFECT: increasing reliability of application of means of citizen rescue from the sunken watercraft.

FIELD: rescue equipment, in particular, apparatus for urgent descending of people in extreme situations.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier casing with member for connecting to individual to be descended, power-type descending speed regulator comprising power block embraced with cable, rotary lever and sliding friction member. Carrier casing is made in the form of semi-circle adapted for arrangement in vertical plane and is equipped with slots for passage of cable through cavities thereof, and handle. Power block embraced with cable is rigidly fixed on rotary lever positioned for angular displacement relative to axis, arrangement along generatrix of cylindrical surface of carrier casing, and is equipped with self-braking screw-type descending mechanism. Descending mechanism has power screw with flywheel positioned at one end and semi-spherical member arranged at other end of power screw for contacting with semi-spherical receptacle at end of rotary lever, and threaded opening made in carrier casing wall and extending perpendicular to descending direction.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased safety of descending of individual.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: life-saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from ablaze multi-story buildings.

SUBSTANCE: device includes pulley having body and lid. Embedded into body and lid is reel with flexible member connected thereto by one end and wound round the reel. Reel is secured to body and lid by means of fixed pins and hinges. Device also has rotary reel actuator and braking means adapted to perform operative control of reel torque. Connected to another flexible means end is safety hook. When rope unwinds from reel braking means actuates braking drum built in reel, two semi-rings located inside braking drum and cooperating with it, an joint pin and adjusting screw. Device is also provided with bandage secured to pulley body or to safety hook by shock. Shock has orifice formed as groove and is made of antifriction material. Device also includes automatic brake. The latter includes wedges, rotary disc installed in pulley body and cooperating with wedges by orifice edge, and pressing disc. Braking drum includes splines. Outer wedge surface is rounded and has radius equal to that or rotary disc orifice. Sides defining wedge have different lengths. Rotary reel actuator may rotate only in one direction.

EFFECT: increased reliability.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: life saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from water surface.

SUBSTANCE: complex comprises air-borne vehicle with rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable, upper ends thereof are secured to elongated sleeves movably connected to rescuing cable. Rescuing cable is wound on reel secured to frame inside air-borne vehicle. Reel is driven with winch through gearing. Complex also has transparent inflatable rubber balloons secured to necks provided with safety hooks engaging loops of elongated sleeves connected to rescuing cable. Balloon necks are made as two containers connected one to another by threaded connection through transition member having threads on both ends thereof. One container is air-tight, filled with compressed air and has thin diaphragm. The second container has dry electric power source and light bulb with socket having longitudinal groove. Transition member comprises needle with inner channel for diaphragm piercing.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of people rescuing.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: rescuing equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device has rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable through couplings, upper ones are connected to the cable through couplings movably connected to rescuing cable. Lower ends are attached to the cable through short couplings, upper ends are connected to the cable through long ones. Pieces of cable having lesser diameter are provided with protective jackets made of reinforced heat-resistance threads with sleeving made of twisted basalt fiber. Short couplings are made of metal, long ones are formed of elastic material. Air-tight container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals is connected to lower end of rescuing cable. Loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch is connected to upper end of rescuing cable.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

3 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: rescuing equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device has netted bracket suspended to air-borne vehicle and having two hollow rimming rings. Upper ring has annular handrail, lower one comprises cross-piece and bottom made of metal net. Upper ring is formed of duralumin and has inner volume providing device floatability. Lower ring is made of stainless steel. Two ears are secured to cross-piece center and have orifices for blasting pin. Upper and lower rings are pivotally connected to posts formed of plates made of spring steel. Posts are connected one to another by rope bridges. Lower ring is attached to transition connection member by ropes for suspending sealed container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals and to connect rope with loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch. Connection member provides plate suspension and has orifice for blasting pin.

EFFECT: reduced time of load delivering to people subjected to an accident.

2 cl, 6 dwg

Lowering device // 2261741

FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly for emergency lowering people or loads from tall objects.

SUBSTANCE: device has base with load fastening member and locking means for load lowering speed regulation secured to the base and cooperating with flexible member. The locking means is formed as rest and cam rotating around axis and having rotation lever connected thereto. Rest and cam are opposite one to another. Cam is provided with groove facing the rest. Device is also provided with limiter which prevents flexible member slipping during lowering operation and with rotary fixer having tooth installed to contact with arch-shaped groove. The groove is arranged in rotary fixer plane and bounded with rest. Angle of arch-shaped groove inclination is not less than cam stroke angle.

EFFECT: increased safety of lowering operation during device usage.

9 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: fire fighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention is used in fire fighting and rescuing operation for lifting firemen and fire fighting facilities and evacuation of humans from building and structures in emergency. Proposed device contains vehicle with outriggers, lifting-and-slewing device mounted on vehicle frame, set of telescopic sections installed on lifting-and-slewing device and mechanism for telescoping the sections. Working stage is mounted on front end face of end section, and cap is installed on guides of telescopic sections. Device is furnished also with cab lifting mechanism made in form of wire rope reeved sheaves installed on cab skeleton and on front end face of end section. One end of wire rope is secured on drum of cab lifting mechanism, and the other, on balancing drum which is connected with drum of section telescopic mechanism through gear train. Bottom of cab is furnished with opening hatch for securing emergency evacuation sleeve.

EFFECT: improved safety at fire fighting and rescuing.

8 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly to evacuate people from multistory buildings in emergency.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises composite body with drum provided with rope and braking mechanism arranged in the body. Braking mechanism comprises gear ring having odd number of projections formed on inner drum rim, wedge-like double-armed pendulum, pendulum guides and members adapted to prevent resilient rebounding of pendulum in its extreme positions. The pendulum may reciprocate into the guides.

EFFECT: increased breaking reliability and simplified device structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment for helicopter cargo hoisting system.

SUBSTANCE: proposed rescue system includes cylindrical container, container retainers mounted on helicopter, winch and communication facilities for rescuers. Container has doorway and swivel panels with cone-shaped members at the ends. Rope of winch is secured to top of cone-shaped member of container. Container is provided with ballast weight mounted on side opposite to doorway. Helicopter is provided with instrument for measuring the mass and sensor engageable with winch rope; indicator of mass measuring device is mounted in pilot cabin. Rescue system is provided with rope cutter for release of container in an emergency.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability due to control of loading the container.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly equipment for emergency people group evacuation from elevated location.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises evacuation capsule provided with parachute and guiding means arranged at an angle one to another and adapted to support the capsule. The evacuation capsule has door openings, seats, seat safety belts, air bags and windows. The capsule also has self-braking system. Part of capsule bottom is made as anchoring plate, which may be removed from the capsule and lowered by ropes. In concordance with the second embodiment the capsule is provided with winch to pull ropes, which connect the capsule with the anchoring plate. In the third embodiment the device also has winch with pulls ropes connecting the capsule with the anchoring panel. In another embodiment device comprises air sleeve secured to guiding ropes and connected with evacuation capsule from the first end and with fan from the second end thereof. During fan operation the capsule moves out by filling the sleeve with air. The evacuation capsule, air sleeve and fan are installed in land-based structure. The capsule is provided with parachute and self-braking system. Methods of emergency evacuation from elevated locations and from television tower with the use of above device are also disclosed.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of emergency large people group evacuation.

10 cl, 11 dwg

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