Method of increasing hatching and liveability of chickens

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: to increase the hatching and liveability of chickens by treating the hatching eggs of poultry, their surface is treated with an aqueous solution of the preparation based on milk whey with lactulose and quaternary ammonium compound in the following ratio, wt %: milk whey 30-35, lactulose 5-10, quaternary ammonium compound trimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide 40-45, water - the rest. The hatching eggs 2-4 hours prior to placement them for incubation are treated with 0.1-0.2% aqueous solution of the preparation.

EFFECT: invention provides environmental safety.

1 tbl

 

The technical field to which the invention relates

The invention relates to the commercial poultry industry, in particular to a method for the treatment of hatching eggs of poultry, and can be used when sanitizing of infectious diseases, the incubation of bird eggs.

The level of technology

A method of processing eggs high temperatures and.with. The USSR №1706494, AK 43/00, 1989), a method of processing magnetic water with drugs (and.with. The USSR №1780667 AC 41/00, 1990), method sweetlatinas processing eggs (and.with. The USSR №1780668, AK 45/00, 1990), incubation method of disinfection of eggs and incubators preparation of surface-active actions ATM (patent No. 2099939, AK 43/00, 1997) and others.

Also known method of disinfection of eggs before incubation, in which the disinfectants used 1-3% solutions containing composition 4-substituted ammonium compounds with salts of phosphate and sodium carbonate. The egg treatment is carried out for 2-4 minutes by immersion in a solution of the composition, heated to 40°C. the Eggs after immersion is removed, dried and lay on the hatchery (and.with. THE USSR NO. 900830, AK 43/00, 1982).

The closest in technical essence and the achieved positive effect and adopted by the authors for the prototype is a method for treating hatching eggs with formaldehyde, which involves 6 Krasnogorovka eggs before incubation and within it (see Veterinary legislation, vol. 4, Moscow, 1988, pp. 411-415).

The disadvantages of the known methods is the duration of the disinfection process, the need to use heated fluids to a certain temperature, which is a health risk, the presence of additional tanks for bathing eggs or trays with eggs, which create a hygienic inconveniences in the hatchery.

Repeated and uncontrolled fumigation with formaldehyde leads to pathological changes of internal organs of the embryo and increased mortality of embryos in the second half of incubation. The use of formaldehyde vapor has an adverse effect on the wait staff, which causes allergic reactions, increases the incidence of respiratory diseases and is carcinogenic to humans, animals and birds.

Disclosure of the invention

The object of the invention is to provide a method of increasing output and keeping chickens by processing of hatching eggs poultry, which is environmentally safe and cheap with the help of an antiseptic having a prolonged bactericidal action, and the use of funds for rehabilitation zootechnical supervision in the hatchery.

The technical result that can be obtained by using the proposed Fig�t, reduced environmental, safety and more cheap antiseptic.

The technical result is achieved by the method of processing of hatching eggs poultry, comprising treating the surface thereof with an aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide, wherein the aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide use 0.1 to 0.2% aqueous solution of the drug, which handles hatching eggs for 2-4 hours to bookmark them for incubation, with the following ratio of components, wt.%:

whey30-35
lactulose5-10
Quaternary ammonium compound trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide40-45
waterelse

The essence of the invention is as follows.

Before handling hatching eggs is carried out sanitation of the inner walls of the incubation cabinets by a single spray�Oia antiseptic Bactericide (see Nikolaenko V. P. Antiseptic bactericide for poultry // veterinary, 2004, No. 3, pp. 34-46), then treated with trays, trolleys, and also the surface of hatching eggs the drug in the following ratio of components, wt.%: whey 30-35; lactulose 5-10; Quaternary ammonium compound trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide 40-45; water - the rest, after which the objects of disinfection is formed of a thin polymer protective film, which protects the eggs against the penetration of germs during the entire incubation period, and also disinfects the surface of the shell eggs from pathogens echrishiosis, salmonellosis, mycoplasmosis, streptococcosis, pseudomonosis, candidiasis and staphylococcosis for the entire incubation period.

The drug is a liquid of light yellow color, contains a highly concentrated salt chetyrehjadernogo ammonium in bromoform - trimethyloctane ammonium bromide and whey with lactulose, taken in equal proportions and diluted with water in ratio of 1:10.

The drug is very soluble in alcohol, hot water of 50-60° C, do not possess irritating, skin-resorptive and allergic effects, non-toxic, without sharp smell, does not cause corrosion of metal equipment, has a prolonged bactericidal, virucidal and fungicide� action within one month, in hatchery conditions, which distinguishes it from other drugs, not possessing prolonged bactericidal action and is used in the form of aqueous-alcoholic solutions with the addition of toxic aldehydes, chlorine or phenol.

The drug has a pronounced bactericidal action against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. Installed his prolonged bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal effect during the entire period of incubation, due to the formation on the treated surface of a thin polymer film serving as a barrier for microorganisms and has bactericidal activity throughout the period of egg incubation.

The table shows the results of output of hatching eggs and bacteriological examination of swabs from the surface of the egg shell.

The implementation of the invention

Examples of specific implementation method of increasing output and keeping chickens.

Example. For the treatment of hatching eggs birds were selected three batches of 10 thousand eggs each, which were placed in trays and trolleys.

The first batch of eggs along with trays and trolleys groomed once wet a 0.1% aqueous solution of the drug in the following ratio of components, wt. %: whey - 30; lactulose - 5; Quaternary ammonium compound trimethyl�octadecyl ammonium bromide 40; water-the rest.

A second batch of eggs treated with a 0.2% solution of the drug in the following ratio of components, wt. %: whey - 35; lactulose - 10; Quaternary ammonium compound trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide 45; water - the rest.

Irrigation of eggs is carried out using import sprayer. After two or three hours after treatment of hatching eggs placed in trays in the carts are placed in incubators, pre-treated with 0.2% aqueous solution of the Bactericide.

The third batch of eggs (control) six-treated with formaldehyde: 1 - 2 hours after the demolition, 2nd - after sorting eggs in the warehouse, 3rd - after sorting in the hatchery, 4 - 6 h after the start of incubation, 5th - before the transfer of embryos at the conclusion of the 6th - hatchers. Incubators and technological equipment is treated with formaldehyde.

Bacteriological control of washings shell of incubated eggs is carried out before treatment, then after 7 and 18 days after the start of incubation, E. coli, Staphylococcus and Salmonella. The output of hatching eggs and bacteriological examination of swabs from the surface of the egg shell are presented in the table. After a single sanitation of hatching eggs poultry 0.1 to 0.2% solution of the drug to the surface of shell eggs was disinfected from excite�lei bacterial infection while in the control, with 6-fold disinfection of eggs with formaldehyde agents of bacterial infection were isolated during incubation.

The output of young birds in an experimental batch was 4.6-4.7 per cent higher than in controls, and the safety of calves up to 20 days of age was also higher by 3.2% to 3.3%. Economic efficiency of 1 million preincubating eggs is more than 400 thousand rubles.

The present invention compared with the prototype and other known technical solutions have the following advantages:

- environmental safety;

- low cost;

- antiseptic, has a prolonged bactericidal action;

- the use of funds for rehabilitation zootechnical supervision in the hatchery.

A method of increasing output and keeping chickens by processing of hatching eggs poultry, comprising treating the surface thereof with an aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds, characterized in that the aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide use 0.1 to 0.2% aqueous solution of the drug, which handles hatching eggs for 2-4 hours before putting them reincubation, with the following ratio of components, wt.%:

whey30-35
lactulose5-10
Quaternary ammonium compound trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide40-45
waterelse



 

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5 tbl

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4 tbl

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