Nonvolatile device of automated control of environment parameters
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises X meteorological sensors (1), Y sensors (2) of environmental monitoring, Z sensors (3) of measurement of production medium indices, integrators (4) of sensor readings (1-3), signal converters (5) to each integrator (4), a measurement unit (6), setters (7) of limit permissible indices for each sensor (1-3), comparison units (8) to each sensor (1-3) and setter (7), a coupling unit (9), a power supply unit (10), a mode control unit (11), a control and communications unit (12), a power supply monitor (13), an additional source (14) of power supply, a power supply buffer (15), a nonvolatile memory unit (16), an input-output unit (17), gas dischargers (18), suppressors (19), additional gas dischargers (20) and additional suppressors (21).
EFFECT: increased reliability of device operation due to reduced impact of electromagnetic noise.
2 cl, 1 dwg
The invention relates to the field of control of environmental parameters, mainly in production areas. These settings include: meteorological - temperature, humidity, pressure, (sealed room) environmental - atmospheric chemical composition, including the presence and concentration of toxic gases, industrial, noise, illumination, vibration load, etc.
A device for monitoring and control of the levels of the physical factors of production environment. The device comprises a control unit, signal converters, temperature sensor, a noise sensor and a light sensor, a signal Converter noise and light on each sensor, the knobs are the maximum and minimum values of temperature. Also the Adjuster device contains the maximum permissible noise level, the trigger of the maximum permissible light level, a comparator for each setpoint limit values of measured parameters (temperature, noise, light), logic elements for each controlled factor, read-only memory, the counters values of temperature, noise and light and generator, EN 2279704 C1 (10.07.2006).
The disadvantage of this device is the lack of control of the chemical composition of air and control of humidity and pressure�Oia.
A device for automated remote environmental monitoring including meteorological sensors, the sensor measured the signals connected to each of the sensors, the measuring unit and display unit, power supply unit, instrument panel with digital indicator, interface unit with an external device; the system includes additional sensors for environmental monitoring, control and communications, including cellular modem, antenna and a storage device that handles information from the measurement unit and display unit, transmitting the processed data to the control center, equipped with computer workstations, EN 68714 U1 (27.11.2007).
The disadvantage of this device is the lack of control of environmental parameters in the premises.
This same disadvantage is inherent in the device for automated remote environmental monitoring including meteorological sensors, the sensor measured the signals connected to each of the sensors, the unit of measurement, unit interfacing with external devices, sensors for environmental monitoring, control and communications, including cellular modem, antenna and a storage device that processes the information from block� measurements transmitting the processed data to the control center, equipped with computer workstations, an additional self-contained power unit and the control unit modes of operation of the device, EN 78334 U1 (20.11.2008).
Known utility model representing the automatic control of the environment, including gas analyzer sensors, devices, signal processing, sensor and computer networks, CN 201072418 (Y) (11.06.2008).
The disadvantage of this device is the lack of control of meteorological and production of environmental parameters.
A device for monitoring environmental parameters in areas containing temperature sensors and humidity, as well as the sensor noise level, connected to the microprocessor associated with the communication device, such as a modem, from which the signal can act on your mobile phone or speakerphone device, SA 2661261 (A1) (03.10.2010).
The disadvantage of this device is the limited controlled parameters.
Known non-volatile device for automated control of environmental parameters, including a non-volatile device that contains X meteorological sensors and Y sensors for environmental monitoring, Z sensors measure the production environment(noise, light level, etc.), unit of measure, unit interfacing with external devices, control and communications, including cellular modem, antenna and a storage device that processes information from the measurement unit, which forwards the processed data to the control center, equipped with computer workstations, the contained power unit and the control unit modes of operation of the device; in the non-volatile device entered the block of non-volatile memory, extra power supply, power supply monitor, buffer power, the block I / o, an integrator of sensors X, Y, Z, signal Converter for each integrator, the maximum allowable setpoint indicators for each sensor, a comparison unit for each sensor and Adjuster; a non-volatile memory block is connected to the buffer supply connected to the control unit and communication control unit and communication feedbacks connected with the interface unit, the additional power source is connected to the supply monitor and the buffer power, the main power supply is also connected to the supply monitor and the monitor's power, in turn, is connected to the control unit and the communication block I / o is connected in feedback with the control modes and control unit and communication block mode control is connected to the interface box that soy�inen with power supply unit and the measurement unit, each sensor measurement X, Y, Z environment is connected with its own integrator, allowing to assess the dose impact of each indicator, integrator, in turn, is connected to the unit of measurement and the inverter, the inverter is connected to the unit of measurement and comparison unit, the comparison unit is connected with the measurement unit, the maximum allowable value for each of the comparisons for indicators with sensors X, Y, Z produces each Adjuster connected with each individual block comparison, EN 2392645 C1 (20.06.2010).
The present invention is the prototype of the claimed technical solutions.
In contrast to the above analogues of the prototype device allows you to control a wide range of parameters - meteorological, environmental, and production.
However, the device prototype has serious shortcomings, in particular, undesired operation of the device, and the failure of the lines connecting the sensors due to the influence of electromagnetic noise of significant amplitude.
There are three main categories of electromagnetic interference caused by electromagnetic phenomena and processes: low-frequency electromagnetic interference; a high-frequency electromagnetic interference electrostatic discharges.
The most common and have the most strong �egative impacts are conductive high-frequency electromagnetic interference:
- induced voltage or current continuous oscillations;
- aperiodic transients;
- oscillatory transients.
The source conductive high-frequency electromagnetic interference, for example, may be located near a functioning technical equipment that uses electromagnetic energy interference "sparking" when switching loads in electrical networks, pulses caused by lightning discharges and propagating in the underground cables, etc.
The object of the present invention is to reduce the influence of electromagnetic interference, including high-frequency conductive, the operation of the device and thereby improving the reliability of its work.
According to the invention a non-volatile device for automated control of environmental parameters, including X meteorological sensors and Y sensors for environmental monitoring, Z sensors measure the production environment, the integrators of the sensor readings for each sensor, signal converters for each integrator, the unit of measurement, referencing the maximum allowable indicators for each sensor, the compare units on each sensor and Adjuster, interface unit, power supply unit, control unit, control unit and communications, power supply monitor, power source, butacite, the non-volatile memory block and the block I / o, output compare units connected respectively to the fourth, fifth and sixth inputs of the measuring unit, and the first inputs of the compare units connected to the outputs of the respective manipulators, the interface box is connected to the first input-output of the seventh input-output of the unit 6 measurement, a second outlet connected to the first input of the control unit mode, the fourth input to the first power supply output, the third input-output to the first input-output control unit and connection, a second input-output of which is connected to a first input of the block I / o, the second input-output of which is connected to the second input-output unit, the second output of the power supply unit connected to the first input of the monitor power, the fourth output of which is connected with the fourth input of the control unit, the third input coupled to an output of the block of non-volatile memory whose input is connected to the first output buffer power, the second output of which is connected to the third input of the monitor power and the input to the second output of the additional power source, the first output of which is connected to the second input of the monitor power between the converters of the signal and the measurement unit are connected in series the United gazoraspredelitel and suppressor, the inputs of gazoraspredelitel connected with you�odes of signal converters, and outputs suppressors are connected, respectively, with first, second and third inputs of the measurement unit and second inputs of the block comparison, between the sensors and integrators connected in series United additional gazoraspredelitel and additional suppressors, and the inputs of gazoraspredelitel are connected, respectively, with sensors, and outputs of the suppressor is connected to the inputs of integrators; may be further provided with an alarm unit, the input of which is connected to the fifth output of the interface box.
The applicant has not identified any technical solutions, identical statements, which allows to make a conclusion about conformity of the invention the condition of patentability "Novelty."
Non-volatile computer control system (Fig.1) contains X meteorological sensors 1, in this example - temperature (KTY81-210), humidity, air (NN-4000-001), pressure (24PCDFA6A), made in China, Y environmental sensors 2, determining the chemical composition of air (CDW) - Russia, the Z sensors 3 measure the production environment: the noise level - sensor type ECM (Germany), light level sensor type HSDL-9001 (USA), vibration level measured by the sensor type MVSO 608.02 (China). Integrators 4 on each of the sensors 1, 2, 3 and transformers 5 signal to each integrator is executed on the microprocessor part no attiny13a (�A).
Unit 6 measurement and referencing-7 limit values 8 blocks comparison blocks 9 mates made on the basis of microprocessors ATXMEGA128A1 (USA).
Unit 10 power is a source of stabilized voltage LM2575T ADJ (China).
Unit 11 control modes are implemented on microprocessors ATXMEGA128A1 (USA).
Block 12 control and communication is performed based on the chip interface ST1480ACDR (China).
The monitor 13 power the same way as in the device prototype is a comparator, in particular, type LM339 (China).
Additional source 14, the power supply is a rechargeable battery.
The buffer 15 power is an electrolytic capacitor of large capacity (2000 μf).
Block 16 of the nonvolatile memory is performed based on the chip ATS (USA).
Unit 17 I / o performed on the chip ST1480ACDR.
Gazoraspredelitel 18 type 4DS090H connected in series with the suppressor 19 type P4SMA18A. The inputs of gazoraspredelitel 18 are connected to the outputs of the converters 5 signal. The outputs of the suppressor 19 are connected, respectively, with first, second and third inputs of unit 6 and second measurement units 8 inputs of the comparison. Between the sensors 1, 2, 3 and the integrator 4 is connected in series United additional gazoraspredelitel 20 and additional suppressors 21 similar gazoraspredelitel suppressors 18 and the 19 Inputs gazoraspredelitel 20 is connected, accordingly, sensors 1,2,3, and exits the suppressor 21 are connected to the inputs of integrators 4. The device has the alarm unit 22 constituting the driver UDN2987LW-6. The input unit 22 is connected to the fifth output of the block 9 of the pairing, the outputs of blocks 8 comparison connected respectively to the fourth, fifth and sixth inputs of the block 6 of the measurement, and the first inputs of the blocks 8 are connected to the respective outputs of the knobs 7, block 9 of the pair is connected to the first input-output of the seventh input-output of the unit 6 measurement, the second output - to the input of the first block 11 of the control modes, the fourth input to the output of the power unit 10, the third input-output - to the first input-output unit 12 of the control and communications, the second input-output of which is connected to the first input unit 17 input / output, a second input-output of which is connected to the second input-output unit 11 of the control; the output of the power unit 10 is connected to the first input of the monitor 13 of the power supply; a connection unit 10 of the power supply with other blocks in the drawing not shown for simplicity; the output of the monitor 13 is connected to the fourth input of the control unit 12, a third input connected to the output of block 16 of the nonvolatile memory; an input unit 16 is connected to the output of the buffer 15 of the power supply, the output of which is connected to the third input of the monitor 13 power and the entrance to the second output of the additional source 14 power, first by the withdrawal� of which is connected to the second input of the monitor 13.
The device operates as follows.
Emerging electromagnetic interference caused by the reasons described above, induced mainly on having the greatest length of the communication lines of sensors 1, 2, 3 with integrators converters 4 and 5 with a block of 6 dimensions and units 8 comparison. However, because these lines are sequentially enabled gazoraspredelitel 20 and the suppressor 21 and, accordingly, gazoraspredelitel 18 and suppressor 19, the energy of the interference is suppressed in two stages. High-frequency conductive noise with amplitude above 3 kV extinguished gazoraspredeleniye. The remaining energy is the interference caused by aperiodic and oscillatory processes, neutralized with a suppressor. The voltage suppressor is selected such that when the interference level exceeding the supply voltage by 20 percent, is the operation of the suppressor (decrease their resistance in a very short time of the order of 1 ns), and the suppression of energy impulse noise. After the suppression of the energy of the interference suppressor is restored (returned to its original state), and the signal transmission from the sensors 1, 2, 3 to unit 4 is in operation. Thus, blocks 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, the most sensitive to electromagnetic interference, electromagnetic interference reaches a safe level, virtually no offset�and thereafter the supply voltage of the device.
Integrators 4 contain analog-to-digital converters that are specified intervals provide measurements coming from the sensors signal and converting it into a discrete code (digital signal), and then averaging the readings over a specified time interval, thus improving the accuracy of measurements. Next, the digital signal is encoded by the transducer 5 into a format that can transmit the signal on a standard asynchronous interface. In this case the digital signal from each sensor is added, a unique identifying number.
Converters 5 transmit the converted values on the unit 6 measurement and units 8 comparison. Referencing-7 contain the maximum allowable value of each of the measured parameters. Everyone entering the block 8 comparison signal is compared with the value contained in the corresponding Adjuster 7. In the reference 7 contains a signal characterizing the maximum allowable level of the measured indicator that allows you to capture all the moments of exceeding the indicator of each of the sensors 1, 2, 3. Unit 8 comparison as Converter 5, a signal to the unit 6 measurement. Unit 6 measure all the parameter values from sensors 1, 2, 3 are transmitted to a block 9 of the pairing, which transmits the measurement values to the control unit 12 and communication - d�I storage in memory and transmission via communication lines to the block 17 I / o. The control unit modes 11 through the block 17 I / o specifies the modes of measurements and their frequency. Additional source 14 power creates energy stored in the buffer 15 of a food and provides a non-volatile memory 16 with the necessary energy for emergency saving measured values. The monitor 13 monitors the power status of the battery of the main unit 10 of the power supply, additional battery source 14 power and buffer 15 power and transmits this information through the control unit 12 and the communication unit 17 input / enter. After receipt of a signal of malnutrition on the power unit 10, a monitor 13 power generates the control signal for the block 11 control modes. Once the control signal is supplied to the input unit 11 of the control modes, the buffer 15 power supports the functionality of the unit 12 of the control and communications unit 16 of the nonvolatile memory unit 17 of the I / o unit 11 of the control modes during the time of capacitor discharge. Information about malnutrition is output to the block 17 I / o. By user request submitted for the block 17 I / o, data is retrieved from memory and transmitted through the block 12 control and communication in the place has been requested.
The implementation of the distinguishing features of the invention provides an important technical result: reduced to bezopasno� level of influence of electromagnetic interference, including providing the strongest impact on the operation of the device. This significantly increases the reliability of the device: in fact eliminated to malfunction, preventing the failure of the lines connecting the sensors.
The applicant has not identified sources of information, which would include information about the impact of the distinctive features of invention technical result.
These circumstances allow us to conclude that the claimed technical solution the condition of patentability "Inventive step".
For the realization of devices used famous elements, the device may be implemented using known hardware, which allows to make a conclusion on compliance of the claimed invention the condition of patentability "Industrial applicability".
1. Non-volatile device for automated control of environmental parameters, including X meteorological sensors 1, Y 2 sensors for environmental monitoring, Z sensors 3 measure the production environment, the integrators 4 sensors 1, 2, 3 on each sensor, the signal converters 5 for each integrator, unit 6, measurement, referencing-7 maximum allowable indicators for each of the sensor units 8 comparison on each sensor and the earnest money�IR, block 9 of the pairing, the power unit 10, unit 11 control modes, the control unit 12 and communication, the monitor 13 of the supply, an additional source 14 power buffer 15 power block non-volatile memory 16 and the block 17 I / o, the outputs of blocks 8 comparison connected respectively to the fourth, fifth and sixth inputs of the block 6 of the measurement, and the first inputs of blocks 8 comparison connected to the outputs of the respective manipulators 7, block 9 of the pair is connected to the first input-output of the seventh input-output of the unit 6 measurement a second outlet connected to the first input unit 11 of the control modes, the fourth input to the first output of the power unit 10, the third input-output - to the first input-output unit 12 of the control and communication, a second input-output of which is connected to the first input unit 17 input / output, a second input-output of which is connected to the second input-output control block 11, the second output of the power unit 10 is connected to the first input of the monitor 13 of the power supply, the fourth output of which is connected with the fourth input of the control unit 12, third input connected to the output of block 16 is a nonvolatile memory whose input is connected to the first output buffer 15 power, the second output of which is connected to the third input of the monitor 13 of the power supply and the input to the second output of the additional source 14 power, the first output of which is connected with the second whodo� monitor 13 power characterized in that between the signal converters 5 and unit 6 measurement series the United gazoraspredelitel 18 and suppressor 19, wherein the inputs of gazoraspredelitel 18 are connected to the outputs of the converters 5 signal, and outputs the suppressor 19 are connected respectively with the first, second and third inputs of the unit 6 measurement and second inputs of the blocks 8 comparison between sensors 1, 2, 3 and the integrator 4 is connected in series United additional gazoraspredelitel 20 and additional suppressors 21, and inputs gazoraspredelitel 20 are connected respectively with the sensors 1, 2, 3, and outputs of the suppressor 21 are connected to the inputs of integrators 4.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it further provided with an alarm unit 22, the input of which is connected to the fifth output of the block 9 mates.
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of aviation instrument making and may be used in aviation meteorology in measurement of parameters of aviation dynamics in surface layer for assessment of conditions of aircraft take-off and landing, in forecasting of environmental situation in areas of anthropogenic catastrophes, and also on aircrafts and vessels in measurement of parameters of a wind speed vector. Substance: a system comprises a wind-receiving device (1), flow-through pressure difference sensors (2), electric measurement circuits (3) for generation of primary informative signals, an analogue-digital converter (4), an information processing device (5), an information display device (6). At the same time pressure difference sensors (2) with their electric measurement circuits (3) create a unit (7) of generation of primary informative signals by signals of pressure difference. Besides, the system comprises a unit (8) of primary signals generation by climatic parameters of atmosphere, comprising an averaging cavity (12) of signal generation by atmospheric pressure, communicated with a sensor (13) of atmospheric pressure, an averaging cavity (14) of temperature perception, communication with a sensor (15) of atmospheric temperature, and a compensation sensor (16) of temperature connected with its electric measurement circuit (17) of signal generation by temperature compensation. Besides, the system comprises a unit (9) of preliminary processing of signals, comprising serially connected circuits (18) of temperature correction and low pass filters (19). Inputs of the unit (9) of preliminary signals processing are connected to electric outputs of the unit (7) of primary signals generation by pressure difference and to the output of the unit (8) of primary signals generation by a signal of temperature compensation. Outputs of the unit (9) of preliminary processing of signals by signals of speed are connected to inputs of the analogue-digital converter (4). The digital output of the analogue-digital converter (4) is connected to the unit (5) of functional processing. Outputs of the unit (5) of functional processing are outputs of the system of measurement of parameters of atmosphere dynamics in surface layer by signals of speed and direction of the wind, atmospheric pressure, speed of its change, temperature of atmospheric air and speed of its change.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of a system due to expansion of functional capabilities, increased noise immunity of system functioning to disturbances of surface layer of atmosphere.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: mobile laboratory of environmental monitoring comprises a car carrier, a navigation system based on GPS and an electronic compass, control and measurement instrumentation, laboratory, automated work place and technological equipment. The control and measurement instrumentation comprises equipment for continuous dosimetry measurement of gamma radiation, gas-analysing and chromatographic equipment, equipment for occasional measurement of gamma radiation, and gas analysers. The gas-analysing equipment for continuous measurement comprises a gas chromatograph equipped with a system of dampers, a chemiluminescent gas analyser, and IR Fourier spectrometer. The laboratory comprises a hardware-software complex and is provided with equipment for protection of laboratory personnel. The automated work place comprises a table of a chemist engineer, a table of engineer radiologist, a stand with cabinets for placement of gas-analysing equipment, and swivel chairs. The technological equipment comprises radio devices, a signal installation and a remote control, a light module, an emergency lighting system.
EFFECT: provision of continuous automated monitoring of organic and inorganic air pollution.
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mobile technical means of sampling and quantitative chemical analysis of atmospheric air samples and industrial emissions, and may be used in the system of environmental monitoring for efficient and valid detection of sources of above-limit pollution of objects of environment in local urban territories. A mobile laboratory of operating control of atmospheric pollution in urbanised territories consists of a carrier vehicle (with high plastic roof and wheel formula 4×4) and a trailer. Besides, the trailer is equipped with control and measurement and auxiliary equipment, energy units and life support facilities, making it possible to perform simultaneous sampling, identification and quantitative chemical determination (also with usage of different gas analysers) of harmful substances in samples of atmospheric air and industrial emissions.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of a system of urban environmental monitoring due to reliable and operating determination of sources of above-limit pollution of environmental objects by continuous comparison and modelling with the help of PC processes of harmful substances scattering by results of direct measurements of atmospheric air (water and soil) and industrial emissions with account of actual meteorological parameters.
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for measurement of meteorological parameters in systems of temperature control of heated equipment. Substance: device comprises a ball-shaped sensor (1), inside of which there is a temperature sensor (2) and a heating element (3) with continuous heating capacity. Besides, the device comprises a unit (4) of detection of heat release coefficient, an ambient temperature sensor (5), a solar radiation capacity sensor (6), a unit (7) of calculation of thermal radiation capacity of a ball-shaped sensor (1), a communication unit (8). The temperature sensor (2), the heating element (3), the ambient temperature sensor (5), the solar radiation capacity sensor (6), the unit (7) of calculation of heat radiation capacity and the communication unit (8) are connected with the unit (4) for detection of heat release coefficient.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of temperature detection.
FIELD: aircraft engineering.
SUBSTANCE: in cruising flight of aircraft with definite gas turbine engine the following parameters are measured: altitude, pressure, ambient air temperature and relative humidity, flight speed, full temperature of low-pressure turbine exhaust gases, rpm of one of engine rotors and fuel consumption. CT availability or absence is registered. For every preset altitude, calculated is total quantitative statistic of steam oversaturation at relative humidity of atmospheric air of 60% and equality of outside air and standard temperature. CT formation boundary height is calculated at different deviation of ambient air temperature from standard value and different magnitudes of relative humidity. Model for forecasting of CT and CFC formation and availability in preset lanes is constructed. Indications of heat effect change caused by CFC in preset lane sector at definite altitude are defined with allowance for density of air traffic.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation of ecological optimization of daily flights and peculiarities of atmospheric conditions at airliner cruising altitudes.
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: air temperature is measured by a psychrometer. Then air moisture is measured using a stationary psychrometer, and air motion speed is determined using anemometers. Then on the basis of the produced parameters - air temperature in the working area, its moisture and speed of motion, and also temperature of surrounding surfaces in the working area - the extent of comfort is calculated using the following formula: S=7.83-0.1ta-0.0968ts-0.0372P+0.18v(37.8-tp). where tp - air temperature in the working area of the production premise: ts - temperature of surrounding surfaces in the working area: v - air motion speed, m/s: P - partial pressure of water vapours calculated in accordance with the following formula: P=0.01φ×Psat. mm of mercury column, where φ - relative air moisture. %; Psat - partial pressure of water vapour in saturated condition. Afterwards comfort of microclimate parameters is estimated using the following scale: 1 - very hot; 2 - too warm; 3 - warm, but nice; 1 - feeling of comfort; 5 - cool, but nice; 6 - cold; 7 - very cold. At the same time measurements are carried out: air temperature and its moisture by the stationary psychrometer of VIT-2 type. speed of air motion by the digital anemometer LTK-1034. and temperature of surrounding surfaces in the working area - with the help of a contact thermometer with the submerged probe of TK5.01M type.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, speed and reliability of system actuation.
4 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: complex comprises the following components installed in a single thermostatted body: a control unit, a unit of coordinates detection according to a satellite navigation system, a unit of atmosphere condition identification, connected to a transceiving device. Besides, the complex comprises a power supply unit connected to power-consuming units. Besides, the control unit is made as capable of connecting units of coordinates detection according to the satellite navigation system, detection of ice cover thickness and detection of atmosphere condition, and also the transceiving device to receive a control signal and to transfer telemetry of complex board systems conditions.
EFFECT: possibility to do monitoring of ice and environment condition with simultaneous detection of complex location coordinates, higher safety when navigating vessels in ice.
FIELD: instrument making industry.
SUBSTANCE: device for remote measurement of atmospheric parameters comprises a scanning device and a transponder. The scanning device comprises a driving oscillator 1, a power amplifier 2, a duplexer 3, a transceiving antenna 4, doublers 5, 26 and 27 of the phase, dividers 6, 28 and 29 of the phase into two, narrow-bandwidth filters 7, 19, 21, 30 and 31, a phase detector 8, phasemeters 9, 32 and 33, registration unit 10, multipliers 18 and 20, an adder unit 22, band pass filters 23, 24 and 25. The transponder comprises an acoustic transmission line 11, a microstrip transceiving antenna 12, the electrodes 13.1, 13.2 and 13.3, buses 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 15.1, 15.2 and 15.3, sensing elements 16.1, 16.2 and 16.3, reflecting gratings 17.1, 17.2 and 17.3, the interdigitated transducer I, II and III.
EFFECT: enhanced functionality due to simultaneous remote measurement of temperature and humidity of the atmosphere.
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: complex includes above-water and underwater sections connected with a cable. The above-water part comprises a control unit, a unit of coordinates determination according to a system of satellite navigation, a unit of ice cover thickness detection, a unit of atmosphere condition detection, connected to a transceiving device, and also a power supply unit, connected to power consuming units. The underwater part comprises an underwater navigation beacon. At the same time the control unit is made as capable of connection of units of coordinate determination according to the satellite navigation system, detection of ice cover thickness and determination of atmosphere condition, and also the transceiving device and the underwater navigation beacon to produce a control signal.
EFFECT: possibility to monitor condition of ice and environment with simultaneous determination of complex location coordinates, higher safety when navigating vessels in ice.
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of instrument making and may find application in board systems for detection of air turbulence area location. To achieve this result, the value of correlation delay is determined, which corresponds to a time shift when receiving propagation of an interference pattern spreading along the route exposed to air turbulence. At the same time the time shift is caused by the turbulence area. The turbulence area is located on the way of signals sent from a satellite to an aircraft platform. Besides, the value of the correlation delay corresponds to time shift when the received interference pattern propagates relative to the first and second antennas arranged on the aircraft platform. Based on the value of correlation delay, the distance to the turbulence air from the antenna platform is identified, and a warning is generated on availability of turbulence, with indication of a distance to turbulence.
EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: ecological informative stations, namely automatic control stations for physicochemical and radiation state of atmospheric air.
SUBSTANCE: portable meteorological station has a temperature-controlled body and meteorological transducers. Measuring, microprocessor and transmitting information equipment is installed inside the body. A draught gauge fulfilled in the shape of tarred vessel with a conical neck and a drain plug is also placed. The neck is directly communicated with atmosphere and is provided with an electrical heating appliance with temperature sensor. A drain conduit with electromagnetic valve is brought to the bottom of the internal volume of the vessel. A differential pressure cell with temperature balance is put into the vessel lower than the level of the drain conduit's opening.
EFFECT: increases the device's functional capabilities.
SUBSTANCE: station has pavilion with equipment posts positioned in central portion holding equipment of control and measuring system, which includes gas-analyzing equipment, and sample-taking means and post device with meteorological sensors set are positioned on the roof of pavilion. In one of walls of pavilion oppositely to equipment posts conditioner and influx window are built, which window is provided with air duct from window to pavilion floor, and in opposite wall below ceiling drain ventilator is built. Above pavilion door heat ventilator is built, made in form of combined electric heater and ventilator, positioned in same cover, connected to door air curtain collectors, provided with jalousies and positioned at sides of door hole, while walls, floor and ceiling of pavilion are provided with hydrophobic heat insulation.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: aircraft meteorology; estimation of conditions of forming aircraft condensation trails.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in measurement of atmospheric air parameters in air route: pressure, temperature and relative humidity. Temperature gradient of mixing line is measured as well. Then, threshold magnitude of temperature corresponding to maximum super-saturation of steam in mixed jet relative to its saturated magnitude at definite temperature is calculated. Proposed method includes also measurement of difference of partial pressures of steam in mixed jet and saturated steam above water at threshold magnitude of temperature and quantitative criterion - super-saturation factor is formed. Quantitative estimation of conditions of forming condensation trails is determined by total magnitude and sign of super-saturation factor.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of estimation.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: the invention refers to ecological information posts namely to the posts of automatic control of physical-chemical, radiation condition of atmospheric air.
SUBSTANCE: it may be applied in the regions of oil and gas deposits, metallurgical, chemical, atomic production. The meteorological post has a sealed body with located in it blocks of electronic equipment having cable connection with meteorological sensors located outside of the sealed body. On the sealed body provided with a convex lid there is a sealed hollow bracket on whose face a flange is fulfilled. In the sealed body there is an electric heater and a removable frame with blocks of electronic equipment and power supply fixed on it. At that the block of electronic equipment is installed on the frame from the side of the convex lid, and block of power supply -from the side of the bottom of the body. At that in the removable frame hollow grooves for convection heat exchange are fulfilled and the place of joining of the sealed body with the convex lid is provided with a packer and is located no higher of the adjusting surface of the removable frame.
EFFECT: increases accuracy of measuring and simplification of assembling and exploitation of the construction.
FIELD: ecology, possible use for controlling physical, chemical, radiation condition of atmospheric air.
SUBSTANCE: equipment includes electronic devices and electric power blocks, located in sealed body, meteorological sensors, mounted on a hollow meteorological mast. Introduced to composition of equipment are devices for fastening equipment during installation on object, as which object active tower or mast for cell communications is used. Devices for fastening equipment are made in form of rigid detachable straps, connected to rod structure of tower or mast for cell communications, and installation units, equipped with flange detachable connections for fastening hollow meteorological mast and hollow overhanging support, connected to sealed body of electronic equipment and electric power blocks. Cables for electrical connection of meteorological sensors to electronic equipment and electric power blocks are located inside hollow meteorological mast and through sealed inputs, mounted in zones of flange detachable connections of hollow meteorological mast and hollow overhanging support with appropriate mounting units, are wired and connected to electronic equipment and power blocks.
EFFECT: simplified installation and operation.
FIELD: ecology, possible use for monitoring pollution of atmosphere in cruising flight.
SUBSTANCE: system contains, positioned onboard the probing plane, meters of gas composition of sprays, spectral composition of sprays, pressure and temperature of atmosphere, relative moisture and water content of atmosphere, transparence of clouds and condensation trail from the engine of generator plane, haze meter, central processor of onboard digital computing machine. Probing plane includes air intake, communication and control system, onboard equipment of consumer of satellite navigation system, navigation and guidance system, automatic control. Additionally system includes generator plane and ground-based control equipment. Generator plane contains onboard equipment of satellite navigation system consumer, navigation and guidance system, automatic control, communication and control systems. Ground-based control equipment contains infrared laser locator, electronic-optical transformer, computer. Generator plane and ground-based equipment are connected to probing plane through devices of communication and control system.
EFFECT: increased precision of evaluation of conditions of generation and chars of condensation traces.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: aviation and ecology; environmental control.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in measurement of altitude H in cruising flights, pressure P, temperature tHB, partial pressure steam contained in atmospheric air eHB, turbine exhaust gas temperature tt and rotational speed of engine, calculation of temperature gradient of moisture mixed with exhaust jet B0. Besides that, magnitude of quantitative parameter of steam super-saturation in mixed exhaust jet of engine is calculated by definite formula.
EFFECT: possibility of normalizing of quantitative characteristics of condensation trails depending on their effect on radiation balance of atmosphere and ground surface for reduction of content of carbon dioxide in exhaust jet of aircraft engine.
FIELD: the inventions refer to the field of meteorology and may find application at conducting monitoring of environment.
SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions includes installations of automatic measuring of meteorological parameters of an air medium and soil, an arrangement for measuring of meteorological parameters of an air medium, an arrangement for measuring of meteorological parameters of soil and an arrangement of an informational system of servicing sensors of meteorological parameters of an air medium and soil.
EFFECT: the technical result achieved by the group of the inventions, is in increasing compactness, increasing of the service term, increasing reliability of fixation.
11 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: invention refers to meteorological instruments and may be used for measuring of wind speed and air temperature with the ultrasound method.
SUBSTANCE: arrangement has a pair of oriented toward to each other ultrasound radiators and receiving sets, a connected with them device for measuring time intervals switched to the main computing device. Additionally the arrangement has an electronic sensor of air temperature, a comparison device, an additional computing device, a wind-proof box-container and a sensor of the signal of its closing. Moreover in the moment of the beginning of measurements the measuring tract of the ultrasound thermal anemometer and the electronic sensor of air temperature are placed in the wind-proof box-container. The output of the main computing device of the ultrasound thermal anemometer is connected with the first input of the comparison device. The sensor of signal closing the box-container is switched to the second input of the comparison device. The output of the comparison device is switched to the first input of the additional computing device. To the second input of the additional computing device is switched to the device for measuring time intervals and to the third input - the electronic sensor of air temperature inside the box-container. The output of the additional computing device is switched to the second input of the main computing device.
EFFECT: increase of accuracy of measuring results.
SUBSTANCE: level land side of ca. 200 m length is selected aside of emplacement site, in the direction of wind bullet drift. Air temperature and wind speed and direction is measured in the surface air layer.
EFFECT: higher operation speed and precision and wider functional capabilities.