Plough

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough contains main beam of the frame, angle-bars, plough casings with tusks, blades and landside plates. The plough casings are secured on poles. The plough-points are secured prior to plough casings on poles. Between the plough casings and plough-points the boards are installed oriented along the movement direction and without clearances. The plough casings are equipped with the side shavers installed on their poles from the side of leading edge, their width of cut is equal to width of cut of the plough casing. The plough-points are made with bend ends having cut-offs and bits installed on them. The plough-points ate installed below the tusks of the plough casings with distance from the plough-point bit to the tusk of the plough casing equal to maximum 30 cm. The plough-point poles are made out of pipes with diameter up to 10 cm, and installed with possibility of height adjustment on brackets with securing via the inserts. The side shavers are installed at angle 15-45° towards movement direction of the ploug with possibility of height adjustment.

EFFECT: reduced power consumption, increased operation reliability and quality of soil treatment, widening of functional abilities.

3 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to tillage implements for various operations of tillage, including energy-saving ways of plowing.

Known plow (see Method of plowing and the plow, patent RF №2095953), comprising a frame fixed thereto with the working bodies in the form of a plow sections, each of which has a fixed-side field shotgun blade of the knife, wherein the blade of each enclosure in the upper part has a cut, and on the wing of each blade is fastened to the reflector.

The disadvantages of the plow are low functionality, because not it is possible subsurface tillage.

Also known plow (see RF patent №2491807) containing a frame installed on it working bodies in the form of a plow sections, each of which consists of stand, plow, blade and plastoria razor, characterized in that the flat-cutting razor mounted by field-edge angle of 15-45° to the direction of movement of the plow for adjusting the height of the opposite angle of the plough and ploughshare has a width equal to the width of one of the case of a plow.

The disadvantages of the plow are low functionality, because not it is possible subsurface tillage for once�of latania plow pan.

The closest in technical essence and the achieved economic effect is a hinged plow model PLN-5-35 (see V. M. halanski, V. I. Gorbachev / Agricultural machinery. M., "Colossus", 2004, p. 34), comprising a frame with a hitch mechanism, a supporting wheel with screw Adjuster, prizepool for boron, and posted on the main beam of the frame, working bodies, consisting of a plow containing the rack, near the dumps and field boards, casings and skimmers, fixed with clamps on the strip brackets bolted to the corners and containing the rack, the dumps, the ploughshare and the Coulter has a width equal to 2/3 of the width of the housing, and placed in front of him at a distance L=25...35 cm, set by the displacement of the tool holder on the beam, for cutting the upper soil layer of a thickness of 8-12 cm

The disadvantages of the proposed working bodies of the plow are as follows.

1. The high cost of energy cultivation: due to high load on field Board and rack housing from lateral forces (bending moment); due to the high traction resistance of soil structural elements of the plow.

2. Low functionality of the plow from the absence of elements of ensuring the principles of subsurface tillage (decompression plow pan and deep loosening.

3. �low operational reliability and the quality of the soil, because of the rapid dull or wear of ploughshare occurs insufficient penetration of the plow.

Technical solution to the problem is to reduce the energy costs for the operation ploughing, improved operational reliability and the quality of the processing, as well as enhanced functionality.

The solution to the problem is achieved in that in the known plow, comprising mounted on welded to the main beam angle plow housings equipped with ploughshares, dumps, field boards and racks and forward through bandpass bolted to the angle brackets skimmers with racks, and between plough bodies and skimmers installed oriented in the travel direction without any gap guards, plow body mounted on their racks plow housings from the field crop of flat-cutting razors with width equal to the width of the plough body, in addition, skimmers are made with curved ends with the slicers and cutters mounted on the sections set forth below and plowshares plow enclosures, and racks of skimmers made of pipe and fixed to the bracket, through the spacers, and flat-cutting razor installed at an angle of 15-45° to the direction of movement of the plow with the ability to reg�of debugger in height, moreover, the skimmers are mounted for height adjustment, and their uprights have a diameter of 10 cm, while the distance from the bit of Coulter to plowshares plow body is not more than 30 cm

New elements is that between plough bodies and skimmers installed oriented in the travel direction without any gap guards, plow body mounted on their racks plow housings from the field crop of flat-cutting razors with width equal to the width of the plough body, in addition, the skimmers are made with curved ends with the slicers and cutters mounted on the sections set forth below and plowshares plow enclosures, and racks of skimmers made of pipe and fixed to the bracket using spacers, and flat-cutting razor installed at an angle of 15-45° to the direction of movement of the plow with adjustable height, and skimmers are installed with the possibility of height adjustment, and their uprights have a diameter of 10 cm, while the distance from the bit of Coulter to plowshares plow body is not more than 30 cm

The novelty lies in the fact that the treatment of the soil in the beginning is the undercutting of the top layer of soil and the discharge of lateral forces, then the chiseling and turning the soil, reducing the impact on the ploughshare, and increases�I quality, the entire totality of the detached soil due to the flap goes on the chest of the blade, the softening plow pan.

New elements of the device known in agricultural science, but according to the patent and scientific literature not found a similar the claimed combination of features that allows to achieve a technical result.

In the drawings schematically shows a plow. Fig. Figure 1 shows the working bodies of the plow of Fig. 2 - View A, Fig. 3 - section B-B.

The plow includes a main frame beam 1. To the main beam 1 is welded elbows 2. To 2 squares mounted racks 3 plow housings containing plowshares 4, 5 dumps and field Board 6. It is welded to the beam 1 to 2 squares bolted strip the brackets 7. In strip bracket 7 forward and is fixed by means of clamps via spacers 8 skimmers, which have pipe rack 9, the bent ends 10, sections 11 and overhead of 12 bits with a shank. Each chisel 12 is equipped with lugs 13, and the curved ends welded-in bushings 14 for mounting through the fingers 15 on sections 11. Between plough bodies and skimmers placed oriented in the direction of motion and installed with no gaps between the pads 16, which are bolted to the brackets 7. Rack 3 plow housings are equipped with flat-cutting razors 17, atthey are installed by field-edge angle of 15-45°, depending on soil type (light, medium, heavy) to the direction of movement of the plow. Flat-cutting razor 17 are mounted on racks with 3 adjustable in height and have a width equal to the width of one chassis of the plow. Bit 12 of the Coulter can be set to 30 cm below the plow 4 plow body. The pipe diameter for the manufacture of the rack 9 Coulter is selected from the range equal to 10 cm

The work is carried out as follows. Initially when tillage hour 9 bit 12 Coulter is embedded to a depth that is defined using the support wheels (not shown) and move the rack 9 relative to the bracket 7 when raspikirovki it in the spacers 8, and then followed by fixing with a clamp. T. E. Coulter produced by chiseling and saravana soil layer. In the pre-opening layer is implemented plow case your shingles 4, which opens and sends the layer on the blade 5, which is the layer rotation. The flap 16 can facilitate entry of a seam at the chest of the blade 5. Adjusted to a depth of 8-12 cm subsurface cultivator razor 17 by means of a discrete movement of the rack 3 is embedded in the soil and produces undercutting of the top layer of soil, i.e. carries out the unloading from the rack 3 lateral forces and field Board 6, and divides the reservoir in height into two parts. I.e. before�till then loosens the layer for the subsequent working body, containing plough body and Coulter. Thus, the first cutting of the formation by a subsurface cultivator razor 17, then chiseling the counter 9 bit 12, then the layer rotation of the blade 5. Due to the fact that the layer of pre-opening, reducing the effect of lateral forces on the ploughshare 4, and of higher quality, i.e., reduced lumpiness. The entire totality of the detached soil is directed to the chest of the blade 7. Due to the fact that the chisel 12 is disposed at a height below plowshares 4, unzip plow pan. Bit 12 can be easily removed for sharpening or repair of the cutting edge, as well as replacement. For this purpose, the finger 15 you must unlock and then it is removed from the sleeve 14 and the lugs 13. Setting bit 12 on the cut 11 is made in reverse order.

When tillage is performed with less energy by reducing the load from the action of lateral forces on the blade, but also due to the reduction of traction resistance of the soil when tearing the seam. And increases the operational reliability of the working bodies and the quality of the soil.

1. A plow comprising mounted on welded to the main beam angle plow housings equipped with ploughshares, dumps, field boards and racks, and moved forward through bandpass bolted to the angle brackets preplus�ICA with racks characterized in that between plough bodies and skimmers installed oriented in the travel direction without any gap guards, plow body mounted on their racks plow housings from the field crop of flat-cutting razors with width equal to the width of the hull Dodger, in addition, the skimmers are made with curved ends with the slicers and cutters mounted on the sections set forth below and plowshares plow enclosures, and racks of skimmers made of pipe and fixed to the bracket using spacers.

2. Plough according to claim 1, characterized in that the flat-cutting razor installed at an angle of 15-45° to the direction of movement of the plow with adjustable height.

3. Plough according to claim 1, characterized in that the skimmers are mounted for height adjustment, and their uprights have a diameter of 10 cm, while the distance from the bit of Coulter to plowshares plow body is not more than 30 cm.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery, particularly, to in-soil rotary milling and cutting of water absorbing slots in soils. This device comprises two vertical milling chisel ploughs (2). The latter are engaged with common drive. Milling chisel plough (2) is equipped with circular milling chisel plough (5). Circular milling chisel plough (5) has external cutting edges (11). The latter are made along its outer part on side surfaces, in turns at the right and left sides. Soil intake container (12) is arranged ahead of cutting edges (11). Said soil intake container (12) doubles as the recess of engagement of the driving gear of drive (15) on outer side of circular milling chisel plough (5). Said soil intake container (12) is provided with hole (13). The latter is directed perpendicular to the surface of circular milling chisel plough 5 and through its depth.

EFFECT: better cleaning of said soil intake container, lower traction resistance and higher reliability.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: rotary thatcheriser-chisel cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, a rotor counter-rotating to the movement of the tool with the shaft and the combing teeth on it, and the driving mechanisms of the rotor. The teeth of the rotor are arranged in one plane of rotation and secured to the flange movable in the plane of rotation. The teeth are placed along a helical line with an angular displacement on the adjacent flanges of not less than 45°. The flange holder is connected to the rotor shaft by means of elastic elements. The elastic elements are mounted in the annular cavity between the connected surfaces of the holder and the shaft. The holder and the shaft contain the longitudinal ribs respectively on the inner and outer connected surfaces. The longitudinal ribs are arranged with the same angular displacement. The length of the part of the annular cavity of the unloaded rotor is filled with the elastic elements in front of the edge of the shaft, and at least two times greater than in front of the rib of the holder. In front of the rotor in the middle part of the bands extending between its teeth the circular knives with leashes are mounted. The leashes of the circular knives are mounted on the bearing beam with the ability of adjustment in height of the unit. At the rear part of the rotor between the teeth the grooved and tapered down shields are located. The shields contain rounded longitudinal ribs of different heights. The leashes of the shields are pivotally connected to the bearing beam with restriction of their descent. The lower ends of the shields are located behind the body of rotation of the rotor.

EFFECT: providing stability and quality of the process of extraction from the soil of root residues of perennial plants and reduction of energy consumption for deep loosening of the soil.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises articulated three frame sections with working tools. Front and second sections (1) and (7) are coupled by hydraulic cylinder (16) for upward turn of second section (7) on pins (9) of articulation with front section (1). Front and third sections (1) and (13) are coupled by con-rod (17) with pins (18) and (19) of these sections. Con-rod (17) pin axle (18) is located ahead of and above pin (10) of articulation between first and second sections (1) and (7). Pin (19) of articulation between con-rod (17) with frame third section (13) is fitted on its top end ahead of pin of articulation between second and third sections (7) and (13). Pin (19) has crosswise bore to receive con-rod and can turn about its axis. In run-in position, distance between remote points of pins (18) and (19) for con-rod (17) is smaller than its working length (S), In working position, said distance equals the con-rod (17) working length while angle between second and third sections (7) and (13) is not smaller than 90 degrees.

EFFECT: reliable conversion from in-run to working position.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to the combination tillage tools with replaceable working bodies. The combined tillage tool consists of a frame (1) of hinged colter-mouldboard plough, a support wheel (2) with the mechanism (3) of tillage depth control, replaceable working bodies: blade cultivator hoes (4) or the plough housings. The operating width of the blade cultivator hoe (4) is equal to twice the operating width of the plough housing. The tool has a disc section (6). The disc section (6) has an operating width equal to the overall width of the plough housings. When the tool is equipped with the blade cultivator hoes (4) the additional disc section (7) is mounted behind them, as well as the extender (11) of the frame with the additional odd-numbered bracket for mounting the last blade cultivator hoe (4). The disc sections are mounted on the offset beams (8) and rigidly fixed relative to the frame (1). The disc sections (6 and 7) have the tillage depth control mechanism (9) and the mechanism (10) of changing the angle of attack.

EFFECT: design implementation of tool provides high quality of primary soil tillage and enables to improve the energy efficiency of the basic treatment due to the more efficient use of power of traction vehicle.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises milling the soil as strips. The soil of milled strip is subjected to separation. Unseparated part of the soil is subjected to impact action, followed by separation, accompanied by crushing of undisrupted clumps of soil on the rods and pushing them into the gaps between the rods of the separating grid. The device comprises a milling drum, a rear rotor the separating grid located behind it. The working bodies of the rear rotor are made in the form of rubber blades. The blades strike the clumps falling on a wide plate fastening the rods of the separating grid.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of agronomically valuable aggregates over the entire thickness of the treated land.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: rotary subsoil cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, the driveless ripper working bodies installed in series, forcibly rotating rotor with teeth on the horizontal shaft, the rotor drive mechanisms, and a compactor. The ripper working bodies are made in the form of spherical discs. The discs are mounted with an angle of attack in front of the rotor teeth and are facing with the convex to the longitudinal axis of the subsoil cultivator. The diameter of the rotor is at least one and a half times greater than the diameter of the discs. The discs are arranged above the lower line of the rotor body of revolution by an amount exceeding not less than half the radius of the disc. The devices for connection of the discs with the frame are made with elastic elements. The compactor is made with adjustable limitation of lifting height. The rotor teeth are provided with replaceable cutting devices. The discs are made adjustable in height and fixed on the spring-loaded or spring racks.

EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption of loosening the soil by rotary subsoil cultivator and cost of power to the rotor drive, providing sustainable performance of processing the agricultural backgrounds with weed vegetation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to vegetable farming. The method is implemented by means of laying of milled soil for the formed furrows to the surface of unprocessed soil. For long-term provision of cultivated crop with accessible (capillary) water entering the soil mass with capillary porosity, formed within a long period after qualitative autumn treatment the dried surface layer of this mass id destructed and removed. Meanwhile newly formed surface layer additionally compacted, that prevents to excessive loss of capillary water. The soil with non-capillary porosity hard-worked on the usual mass making side slopes and sowing layer, forming the hole soil mass as a furrow slice. The device includes the power shaft, fixed on the frame, with interspaces between milling drums with covers, shaping furrow slices. Meanwhile it is equipped with chains fixed on the driving shaft in interspaces between the milling drums.

EFFECT: group of inventions allows to prevent an excessive loss of capillary water and for a long time to provide the cultivated crops with accessible water.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises cutting, crumbling of the treated soil layer, the layer turnover, the destruction of "plough pan" and formation of slits with the inter-slit distance of 70-90 cm. When crumbling the upper part of the treated layer its turnover is carried out in both directions with respect to the rack of the working body and movement to the field surface with the formation of cavities in the passage ways of the working bodies to form a ridge on the untreated part of the field surface. Then with the working bodies of the second row the process of formation of cavities is repeated. Then with the working bodies of the following rows cutting, crumbling of the untreated surface of the field to greater depth is carried out, moving it into the formed cavities and forming slits. Then the surface of the field is levelled. The tool comprises a frame consisting of longitudinal and transverse beams. The frame is provided with replaceable working bodies located to form parallel rows, enabling treatment of soil over the entire working width of the tool. The working bodies are made in the form of removable A-blades mounted on the rack, consisting of right and left ploughshares in the direction of motion. The ploughshares are made of triangular or quadrangular form, located with displacement of the cutting edges and have mouldboards. The working bodies are fixed to the longitudinal beams of the frame using the racks. The left and right ploughshares are mounted with displacement of 0.5-1.5 width of the ploughshare relative to each other horizontally and are located at an angle of 20-35° to the horizontal and 30-55° to the vertical planes. The cutting edges of the ploughshares are formed with displacement of 0-30 mm relative to each other vertically. On the rack of the working body over the ploughshares the right and left mouldboards are mounted at an angle of 25-50° relative to the side part of the rack in the horizontal plane and at an angle of 25-40° relative to the front part of the rack in the vertical plane. The lower edges of the mouldboards are made with the cutting at an angle of 20-40° relative to the horizontal plane. In the front part of the rack at the junction place of the left and right mouldboards the fairing is mounted made of a rod with the cross-section of a circle or part of a circle, corresponding to the length of conjugation of the mouldboards from the upper part of one of the ploughshares to the upper part of conjugation of the mouldboards. Two last rows of the working bodies consist of a rack, a fairing and a chisel, fixed through the side slot on the front part of the rack of the working body, which is attached to the equalizer by means of brackets. The working bodies of each of the next row are located with displacement with respect to the working bodies of the previous row.

EFFECT: technology and constructive implementation enable to improve the quality of soil treatment and to reduce the tractive resistance.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a first row and a second row, located behind it, of earthmoving working bodies and at least one row of discs for forming soil. The adjacent working bodies of the first row are located at a first distance from each other, and the adjacent working bodies of the second row are located at a second distance from each other. The row of discs for forming soil is located behind the second row of earthmoving working bodies. The adjacent discs are located not at equal distance. The distance between the adjacent discs is greater or smaller depending on the fact whether the distance is located between the adjacent discs behind the working body of the first row or behind the working body of the second row. According to a second embodiment the tools of the earthmoving working bodies of the first and second rows are located at a predetermined distance from each other. The third embodiment of the tool provides location of the earthmoving working bodies of the first and second rows at equal distance, designed to form the first and second groups of recessions and groups of berms in the soil, at equal distance from each other. Each of the recesses in the second group of recesses is located approximately centrally of the corresponding berm from the group of berms and between the adjacent recesses of the first group of recesses. The second group of recesses is deeper than the first group of recesses. The discs for forming soil are designed for forming the first and second groups of recesses and berms to ensure the equal release of soil.

EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to ensure uniformity of location of recesses on the surface of the treated area, which enables to retain moisture in the soil and to facilitate sowing of seeds.

20 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: on the frame the working members for soil treatment are fixed. The support wheels have swing arms and are equipped with ground cleaners in the form of the metal plates. The swing arms of support wheels are equipped with brackets with holes. Cleaners are installed on brackets with a possibility of regulation through the holes in brackets of the angle of their setup with reference to the direction of the unit motion. The value of the angle of setup of the cleaners with reference to the direction of the unit motion does not exceed the value of the angle of steel-soil friction with the humidity.

EFFECT: lowering of traction resistance of the unit.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: multifunctional tillage tool contains a hinged frame with support wheels adjustable in height. On the hinged frame a beam is mounted fixedly at an angle to the direction of movement. In front on the beam the chisels are attached in the cylindrical brackets. The chisels contain tubular racks of round cross-section with a rounded end with an oblique cut and chisels in the form of elliptical plates with soldering of metalloceramic alloy. Downstream of movement the projecting shafts with additional equipped supports are attached in the cylindrical bearing units. The supports are fixed by the plate and cylindrical brackets on the chisel racks are equipped with a welded mouldboard under the beam. At the upper part the mouldboard is designed as a vertical trapezoidal plate with two symmetrically fixed rounded wings. In the lower and middle part the mouldboard is equipped with holes for mounting with bolts of removable cutting semi-hoes in the form of semi-discs. The projecting shafts with the mouldboards have the ability of rotation by the drive comprising a pad mounted on the edge of the beam, with an electric motor, a worm gear with limit switches, and a shaft with the elements of worm gear of rotation of tooth wheels rigidly mounted in the upper part of the projecting shafts.

EFFECT: expansion of technological and functional capabilities of the tool, as well as reduction of energy consumption, and increase in operational reliability.

5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: rotary subsoil cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, the driveless ripper working bodies installed in series, forcibly rotating rotor with teeth on the horizontal shaft, the rotor drive mechanisms, and a compactor. The ripper working bodies are made in the form of spherical discs. The discs are mounted with an angle of attack in front of the rotor teeth and are facing with the convex to the longitudinal axis of the subsoil cultivator. The diameter of the rotor is at least one and a half times greater than the diameter of the discs. The discs are arranged above the lower line of the rotor body of revolution by an amount exceeding not less than half the radius of the disc. The devices for connection of the discs with the frame are made with elastic elements. The compactor is made with adjustable limitation of lifting height. The rotor teeth are provided with replaceable cutting devices. The discs are made adjustable in height and fixed on the spring-loaded or spring racks.

EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption of loosening the soil by rotary subsoil cultivator and cost of power to the rotor drive, providing sustainable performance of processing the agricultural backgrounds with weed vegetation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Plough-ripper // 2502250

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry. The plough-ripper comprises moldboard housings mounted on the frame, each of which consists of a rack, a plowshares, a mouldboard, a boardless ripper with a chisel, adjustable in height along the rack. The ripper is attached to the rack on its side so it chisel is placed in a transverse-horizontal plane from the edge of the plowshare tip at a distance no more than (0.3…0.5)B, where B is the working width of the housing, and in the longitudinal-horizontal plane at the lowest setting parameters is not more than H2(0,1...0,2)B2, where H is the difference between the depths of ripping and soil overturning.

EFFECT: constructive solution enables to improve operational and technological characteristics of the machine-tractor aggregate, and to rip effectively the subsoil horizons.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery industry, in particular to tillage elements for loosening subsurface layer during primary tillage. The device comprises a landside plate of the plow, a rocker, a disc. The landside plate is made in the form of a chisel-shaped ripper with the integrated a rocker. The landside plate is pivotally mounted on the housing of the plow. The rocker is pivotally connected to the disc located in front of it.

EFFECT: constructive solution enables to loose the subsurface layer of soil depending on its compaction, to increase the moisture capacity and moisture permeability of the soil, and to reduce soil erosion.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to working bodies for deep tillage tools and can be used in agriculture. The working body comprises a rack with a hub welded at the lower part with a plated chisel. Along the rack the holes are drilled through which a movable mouldboard and a pair of cutting wings or a pair of cutting wings can be fastened with a pair of bolts. The cutting wings are made with turned-end corresponding to the profile of the rack and are secured by bolted assembly not protruding beyond the projection of the rear part. The other bolted assembly is located in the area of the closed cutting part of the wings.

EFFECT: constructive implementation of working body of the tillage tool enables to reduce tractive resistance and wear resistance of the cutting wings, to improve operational and technological characteristics of the device.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, in particular, to land reclamation. The method includes deep tillage of soil with soil cultivating tools with passive actuators, rotor-milling treatment of internal soil layers, which is carried out 2-5 years after deep tillage of soil with soil cultivating tools with passive actuators. Soil treatment is carried out in cycles, cycle components include deep tillage of soil with a soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators for depth of 45-50 cm with a pitch of vertical plane circumscribed by the treatment tool in the space of soil continuum, multiple to minimum distance between lines of plants of future agrophytocenosis, for instance, 45 cm, 70 cm, 110 cm. After deep tillage of soil with a soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators in 2-5 years rotor-milling treatment is carried out for internal soil layers in the discrete zone of soil continuum in the layer of 25-50 cm. The width of the treated space of the soil continuum, for instance, 15 cm, 23 cm, 34 cm, is selected so that it makes not more than 1/3 of the distance between lines of deep tillage. The discrete zone of rotor-milling treatment of internal soil layers is placed in the soil continuum symmetrically so that the vertical axis of its symmetry matches the axial plane of symmetry of the vertical discrete zone of the soil continuum, previously arranged in the space of the soil continuum with a treatment tool of the soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators. In 20-30 years the cycle is repeated by means of the specified sequence of soil treatments. Treatment is carried out with displacement in the vertical plane circumscribed with the treatment tool of the soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators in the space of soil continuum by 1/3 of the distance between tillage lines selected when performing the first cycle of soil treatment. Cycles of soil treatment by the soil continuum are closed in 60-90 years and are continued in the same manner.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to stabilise soil profile and a biogeosystem as a whole, to improve quality of soil tillage, to provide for long-term soil reclamation effect and to optimise conditions for development of plant rhizosphere.

Subsoiler // 2479969

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry, in particular to a device for subsoiling. The subsoiler comprises a rack (1), a chisel attached to it (5) and additional loosening elements in the form of hingedly attached mole presses (11). The rack (1) in the lower part comprises a knife (4) made in the form of a wing. At the ends of the wing at the rear side the mole presses are attached, at the upper part of the rack (1) the oppositely located flat hoes (12) are mounted. The flat hoes (12) are mounted with the ability to change the angle of attack and of discrete reinstallation on height.

EFFECT: invention enables to reduce the tractive resistance of the device and to loosen effectively the subsurface horizon.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used in processing of soil with plowing units. The method includes a consistent separation from the soil layers monolith of the upper and middle layers, their circulation and laying with a change in mutual position vertically, and also loosening the soil of the lower level. Laying of the soil stratum of the upper layer is carried out on top of the loosened soil stratum of the lower layer. After laying of the soil stratum of the upper layer, at the same time the soil of middle and lower layers are loosened, and then are separated, wrapped, and the soil stratum of the middle layer is laid on top of the previous soil stratum of the upper soil layer.

EFFECT: method enables to reduce energy costs for tillage due to eliminating of compaction effect on soil of the lower level of blades of plow bodies plowshares during separation of the soil stratum of the middle layer, and thereat forming a compacted soil layer, as well as its subsequent loosening; increases productivity of the device and reduces fuel consumption on soil tillage.

6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: working body comprises the lower part of bracket-like shape, which front pointed part is wider than the rear and has a conical shape. The cultivator tooth is rigidly attached to the lower point of the front part. The lateral surface of the bracket is made in the lower part half in the form of a half of a truncated cone. The centers of the lower and upper bases of the cone are shifted relative to each other. In the upper part the lateral surface of the bracket blends smoothly into the vertical plates of width equal to the width of the lateral surface of a truncated cone. The vertical plates are rigidly attached to the blades which are hinged on the rack brackets. On the ends of the blades the spherical bushings are mounted, one of which has the right and the other - the left-hand thread. In the bushings a feed screw with a feedback thread is mounted. The angle between the lateral surfaces of the vertical plates ranges from 0 to 18°.

EFFECT: invention enables to provide the required quality of crumbling soil under different operating speeds of the device movement.

5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture. In the method the roots of the weed are undercut with shallow tool for deep processing. Deep processing is carried out with a chizel tool with simultaneous continuous undercutting of roots at a depth of 35-40 cm and crushing them in the arable horizon to the size of 10-15 cm. The device comprises a frame with racks installed on it, each of which has a shoe with a contact chisel. Along the rack the holes are made through which bolts and an eccentric a pair of cutting wings are fixed. Pairs of cutting wings are installed in several rows spaced 10-15 cm, and the lower pair of wings operates at a depth of 35-40 cm.

EFFECT: group of inventions can effectively control quarantine weed mountain bluet in the system of main, steam and semi-steam tillage with a decrease in number of cultivation.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage tools for cultivation of solonetz soil.

SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has passive mellowing working member and rotavation mellowing member for mixing of subsurface layers, said members being mounted on frame. Passive mellowing member is formed as U-shaped bracket. Ribs are mounted in inclined position on horizontal share of bracket. Rotavation mellowing member for mixing of subsurface layers is furnished with paired teeth arranged in diametrically opposed planes. Disks are eccentrically mounted for rotation on teeth ends. Teeth equipped with cutters are arranged between teeth with disks. Each cutter is formed as rod with cutting edges at its end. Teeth equipped with cutters, as compared with adjacent teeth equipped with disks, are mutually turned through an angle of 90° around axis of rotation of mellower.

EFFECT: improved quality of tillage of solonetz soil while keeping top fertile layer.

9 cl, 6 dwg

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