Panel for additional heat insulation of walls

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of development of structures of heat insulation of walls in construction and repair of buildings, designed for reduction of heat arrival from a room into wall thickness, as heat insulation panels are installed inside the room, or to protect walls against impact of negative atmospheric processes, as panels are installed at the outer side of the building. The panel for additional heat insulation of walls comprises sheets forming face and rear planes of the panel, with air layer between them, each of limiters providing for preservation of minimum thickness of air layer, and also the possibility of multiple dismantling and installation of the entire panel or only its face plane, is made in the form of at least four cells connected into a single structural part and having in the central part, where stiffening ribs of cells meet, a channel for insertion of a fastening part, designed for attachment of the face plane to the limiter, and stiffening ribs of each of the limiters are sunk into the mass of plastic material, from which they form a sheet forming a rear surface of the panel before the start of its hardening, as a result of which they produce a solid joint of each limiter with the rear plane of the panel made as capable of attachment of the wall using fastening parts, besides, sheets of panels are structurally grouped in packages of eight pieces with a stiff joint between them by rear and face planes and the ninth in the centre, which is capable of horizontal displacement relative to the wall due to attachment of a vibrator with a drive and a displacement speed controller to its face surface, a temperature controller connected with an air temperature sensor, arranged inside the panel, at the same time the temperature controller includes blocks of comparison and setting, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, an unit of non-linear feedback, and a displacement speed controller is made in the form of an unit of powder electromagnetic couplings, besides, the fastening part is made in the form of a rod with double-sided threaded joint, besides, with one end the rod is rigidly connected to the fastening channel in the central part of the limiter, and with the other end it is connected with the face plane of each panel sheet as capable of free joint and stiff joint, besides, on the rear surface of panel sheets grouped structurally as eight pieces in each group, there are curvilinear grooves with the opposite direction of tangents on each pair of panel sheets, at the same time on the first sheet of the pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a clockwise direction, and on the second sheet of this panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a counterclockwise direction. At the same time the displacement speed controller is connected to a moisture controller, comprising a moisture sensor, arranged inside the panel, besides, the moisture controller includes blocks of comparison and setting, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, an unit of non-linear feedback, besides, the magnetic amplifier is connected with a displacement controller in the form of an unit of powder electromagnetic couplings, and the moisture sensor is connected to the block of comparison.

EFFECT: maintenance of normalised strength parameters of barrier structures and panels for additional heat insulation of walls under changing weather and climate conditions of building operation by automated control and regulation of ventilated air moisture.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction of additional thermal insulation of walls in the construction and repair of buildings, designed to reduce the inflow of heat from the room into the wall when installing insulated panels indoors or to protect the walls from the effects of adverse atmospheric processes during the installation of the panels on the outside of the building.

Famous panel for additional insulation of walls (see RF patent №2235834, IPC EV 1/80 publ. 10.09.2004) containing the sheets forming the front and back panel plane, with an air layer between them, wherein the structural elements of the panel are made of materials that do not support combustion and having low thermal conductivity selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam with zamknutosti structure for the fences, expanded polystyrene, hardboard, sheets of dry plaster to the front of the plane, each of the dividers is providing maintaining a minimum constant thickness of an air layer, as well as the possibility of repeated removal and installation of the entire panel or only the front plane, made in the form of United in a single structural part, at least four cells, having in the Central part, where the REB�and stiffness of cells channel for input fasteners designed for attaching the front plane to the delimiter, and the ribs of each of the dividers is drowned in a mass of plastic material from which is formed the sheet forming the back plane of the panel, prior to its solidification, to thereby produce a solid connection of each fence with the rear plane of the panel, adapted to be attached to the wall using the fasteners.

The disadvantage is the energy consumption of correct education and drip film condensation inside the panel and on the wall surface in places of fastening of a back surface of the panel at different air density air gap due to the unstable climatic conditions of the building with the changing outdoor temperature.

Famous panel for additional insulation of walls (see RF patent №2466247, IPC EV 1/80 publ. 10.11.2012) containing the sheets forming the front and back panel plane, with an air layer between them, wherein the structural elements of the panel are made of materials that do not support combustion and having low thermal conductivity selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam with zamknutosti structure for rusgranit�carriers, foam Board, wood-fiber plates, sheets of dry plaster - for facial plane, wherein each of the dividers is providing maintaining a minimum constant thickness of an air layer, as well as the possibility of repeated removal and installation of the entire panel or only the front plane, made in the form of United in a single structural part, at least four cells, having in the Central part, where the ribs of the cells, the channel for input fasteners designed for attaching the front plane to the delimiter, and the ribs of each of the dividers is drowned in a mass of plastic material, which form the sheet, forming the back plane of the panel, prior to its solidification, to thereby produce a solid connection of each fence with the rear plane of the panel, made with the ability to attach to the wall using fasteners, and panel sheets are structurally grouped in packs of eight pieces with a rigid connection between the back and front planes and the ninth in the center that has the possibility of lateral movement relative to the wall by attaching to the front surface of the vibrator with actuator and speed control of displacement, temperature controller, connected�th with temperature sensor, located inside the panel, wherein the temperature controller includes blocks of comparisons and assignments, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, block nonlinear feedback, and the speed control move is made in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutch, and the fastener is made in the form of a rod with a double-sided threaded connection, in addition, one end of the rod is rigidly connected to the mounting channel in the Central part of the delimiter, and the other end is connected to the front of each sheet of the panel, with the possibility of free connection and rigid connection, and on the dorsal plane of the sheet panel, structurally grouped into eight pieces, is curved groove with opposite tangent direction at each pair of leaves of the tile and on the first leaf pair of tangent curved groove has a direction clockwise, and on the second sheet of the pair of panels tangent curved groove has a direction counterclockwise.

The disadvantage is the reduction of strength parameters of exterior walling and panels due to the formation of droplet and film of moisture condenses on the surface of the wall and in places of fastening of a back surface of the panel at different degrees of saturation of air that moves�I'm in the air gap, fine droplet and vapor moisture is always present in atmospheric air, which is used in the form of ventilated flow.

The technical task of the present invention is the maintenance of normalized strength parameters walling and panels for additional insulation of walls under changing climatic conditions by building automated control and regulation of humidity of ventilation air.

The technical result is achieved in that panel for additional insulation of the walls contains the sheets forming the front and back panel plane, with an air layer between them, wherein the structural elements of the panel are made of materials that do not support combustion and having low thermal conductivity selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam with zamknutosti structure for the fences, expanded polystyrene, hardboard, sheets of dry plaster to the front of the plane, each of the dividers is providing maintaining a minimum constant thickness of an air layer, as well as the possibility of repeated removal and installation of the entire panel or only the front plane, made in the form of United in a single constructi�ing detail, at least four cells, having in the Central part, where the ribs of the cells, the channel for input fasteners designed for attaching the front plane to the delimiter, and the ribs of each of the dividers is drowned in a mass of plastic material from which is formed the sheet forming the back plane of the panel, prior to its solidification, to thereby produce a solid connection of each fence with the rear plane of the panel, made with the ability to attach to the wall using fasteners, moreover, the sheets of the panel structurally grouped in packs of eight pieces with a rigid connection between the back and front planes and the ninth in the center that has the possibility of lateral movement relative to the wall by attaching to the front surface of the vibrator with the drive controller and the velocity of the temperature controller connected to the temperature sensor located inside the panel, wherein the temperature controller includes blocks of comparisons and assignments, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, block nonlinear feedback, and the speed control move is made in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutches, moreover, the fastener is made in the form of a rod with two-way threaded �the connection, in addition, one end of the rod is rigidly connected to the mounting channel in the Central part of the delimiter, and the other end is connected to the front of each sheet of the panel, with the possibility of free connection and rigid connection, and on the dorsal plane of the sheet panel, structurally grouped into eight pieces, is curved groove with opposite tangent direction at each pair of leaves of the tile and on the first leaf pair of tangent curved groove has a direction clockwise, and on the second sheet of the pair of panels tangent curved groove has a direction is counterclockwise, while the regulator of the rate of displacement is connected to a humidity controller comprising a humidity sensor, located inside the panel, wherein the humidity controller includes blocks of the task, and comparison of electronic and magnetic amplifiers, block nonlinear feedback, furthermore, the magnetic amplifier is associated with the move controller in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutch, and the humidity sensor is connected to the Comparer.

Fig.1 shows a schematic diagram of a package of eight sheets panels for additional insulation of the building wall with the ninth leaf in the center, connected to the vibrator, Fig.2 - a view A-A of Fig.1, Fig.3 - mount�of the Central panel sheet with a vibrator Fig.4 - the rear side panel sheets, structurally grouped into eight pieces with curved grooves opposite the direction of motion tangent.

Design for additional insulation includes a wall 1, panel 2 for additional insulation, consisting of the front 3 and rear 4 planes, between which is a layer of air 5. The back plane 4 is attached to the wall 1 by known methods, for example by pressure to the wall slats, through which you can enter in the thickness of the wall fasteners are of shorter length than would be required in the case of attachment to the wall of the assembled panel. Between the back 4 and front 3 planes fences placed 6 designed to maintain a minimum air gap of a constant value and represents the ribs 7 with the mounting channel 8. The sheets 9 are structurally connected in the complexes, of which eight sheets is rigidly connected with the dividers 6 and the sheet 10 in the center has the possibility of lateral movement relative to the wall 1.

Fastener 11 is made in the form of a rod with a double-sided threaded connection, with one end 12 of the rod 11 is fixedly connected with the mounting channel 8 in the Central part of the delimiter 6 and the other end 13 is connected with the front 3 of each sheet 10 of the panel 2 as � free horizontal movement by means of flexible connections, for example, the springs 14 and 15, and a rigid connection with the front 3 of the sheet 9, and the inside of the panel 2 on the front plane 3 sheet 10 of free horizontal movement is the vibrator 16.

The back plane 4 sheets 9 panel 2, structurally grouped into eight pieces, is curved groove 17 with opposite direction of motion tangent to each nearby pair of 18 sheets 9 panel 2. On the first sheet 19 9 pairs 18 of the panel 2 tangent curved groove 17 has a direction along the clockwise 20 and 21 on the second sheet 9 of the pairs 18 of the panel 2 tangent curved groove 17 has a direction against the move 22 clockwise (see, e.g., page 509, J. M. Profitable. Handbook of higher mathematics. M., 1965. 872 S.). The vibrator 16 is connected to the actuator 23 by means of the speed controller move 24 connected with the temperature controller 25, wherein the air gap 5 through the temperature sensor 26 is connected to the temperature controller 25.

The temperature controller 25 includes a setting block 27 and the comparison unit 28, connected to the output of electronic amplifier 29, which is associated with the block nonlinear feedback 30. The output e of the amplifier 29 is connected to the input of the magnetic amplifier 31, the output 32 of which affects the speed controller move 24,�made in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutches.

Speed controller move 24 is also connected with humidity controller 33 connected to the humidity sensor 34, which is located in the air gap 5. Humidity controller 33 includes a setting block 35 and the comparison block 36, whose output is connected to the block nonlinear feedback 38. The output e of amplifier 37 is connected to the input of the magnetic amplifier 39 whose output 40 is the effect on the speed controller move 24.

Under changing climatic conditions of buildings with panels for thermal insulation of cladding, especially in autumn-winter and winter-spring periods, when there is high content of both fine (rain, fog, snow) and vaporous atmospheric moisture or technological origin, in the air gap between the surfaces as outdoor enclosures and panels moves the mixture of waters of different phase States and air. The presence of this mixture not only degrades thermal insulation properties of an air layer, since thermal conductivity of dry air 0,0244 W/(m·g), and thermal conductivity of water 0,5514 W/(m·g), what in the mixture leads to the increase of thermal conductivity in 5÷10 times depending on the ratio of dry air and finely divided condensed during the cooling process, moisture (see, for example, p. 312. NASA�Jn, V. Technical thermodynamics and heat transfer]: textbook. manual for schools. - M.: Higher. school, 1980. 469 p.). Therefore, along with the dependence on the ambient temperature in the cavity panels airflow can change the moisture content due to precipitation, which requires control and concentration control of moisture in the air stream moving in the panels for additional insulation of the walls.

Normalized speed of the vibrator 16 is determined by the condition of minimization of the actuator 23, depending on gastromony thermal environmental parameters, e.g. temperature of 20°C and a relative humidity of 55%, without the presence of precipitation and weather determines the flow of air, providing the necessary thermal insulation of walls.

In this case, heat and mass transfer in the air gap of the panel 2 is as follows.

In the presence of particulate and vaporous moisture in the air when placing panels for additional insulation on the outside wall 1 of the building this vlagoperenosa mixture under the influence of free convection flows in an air layer 5, where it condenses wet component in the form of a liquid film flows down along the outer surface of the wall 1.

As a result, not only dramatically reduces the insulating properties of the air layer 5 (see,for example, pp. 181-183, V. N. Theological. Building Thermophysics. M.: Stroiizdat, 1980. 400 p., ill.), but also degrades reliability performance parameters of wall 1 at the expense of its moisture due to the formation of stagnant zones of still air in the air layers 5, which is observed in the laminar movement of the ventilated air by free convection.

To eliminate this phenomenon, it is proposed layout sheets 9 of the panel 2, for example, nine pieces, and located in the center of the sheet 10 has the possibility of lateral movement on the fastener in the form of a rod 11 under the influence of the vibrator 16 (see, e.g., pp. 10-27 Vibration machines and technology / S. F. Yatsun [and others]. Ed. "Elm", 2006. 408 p.). In this case, in the air gap 5 is observed pulsating movement of atmospheric air trapped between the back 4 and front 3 planes of the sheet 10.

When the humidity of ambient air, used as a moving flux in the air gap 5 of the panel 2, for example in the presence of atmospheric precipitation in the form of rain, fog, snow or emissions of process water, the humidity sensor 34 detects this increase and the signal supplied to the humidity controller 33, becomes smaller than the signal block assignment, with the result that the output of the compare unit 36 a signal of positive polarity�ti, which is fed to the input e of the amplifier 37 simultaneously with the signal of the nonlinear feedback block 38.

The output signal e of the amplifier 37 is fed to the input of the magnetic amplifier 39, where it is amplified by the power rectified and flows through the outlet 40 to the controller the speed of 24 in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutches. The positive polarity signal of the electronic amplifier 37 causes an increase in the output current of the excitation at the output 40 of the magnetic amplifier 39, resulting in an increase of the torque from the actuator 23 on the vibrator 16, increasing the mass amount of air, floating in the air gap 5 of the panel 2.

As a result of the amplified airflow tears forming on the Toolbox droplet particles of moisture coming with ventilated air, and condensing from the vapor as you move around the back of the plane 4 of the panel 2 in the wall 1. This eventually prevents the wetting of the exterior of building structures in General. The increased air flow intensifies the process of evaporation with temperature decrease in the air gap 5 (see, e.g., page 257, Isachenko, V. P., etc. Heat transfer. M.: Energy, 1981. 417 S.).

When the temperature of the air in the air gap 5, and accordingly increasing its density, resulting in increased wt�new roaming number sheet 10 air the temperature sensor 26 detects the decrease of air temperature with respect to given climatic conditions of the building (SNiP 2.04.05-91) and the signal supplied to the temperature controller 25 becomes larger than the signal setting block 27, and the output of the compare unit 28 a signal of negative polarity, which is fed to the input e of the amplifier 29 simultaneously with the signal of the nonlinear feedback block 30.

The output signal e of the amplifier 29 is fed to the input of the magnetic amplifier 31, where it is amplified by the power rectified and flows through the outlet 32 to the controller the speed of 24 in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutches. Negative polarity signal of the electronic amplifier 29 causes a decrease of the excitation current at the output 32 of the magnetic amplifier 31, resulting in reduced torque from the actuator 23 on the vibrator 16, reducing the massive amount of air, floating in the air gap 5 of the panel 2.

Thereby achieving lower power consumption of the actuator 23 of the vibrator 16 in the software under the terms of normalized thermal insulation of walls required flow rate of a pulsating moving in the air gap 5 of the atmospheric air.

As a result waves are formed, transversely movable in the air cavities 5 sheets 9, and disturbing the air flow, peremeshalys� on curved grooves 17 of the panel 2. A curved groove 17 is made on the dorsal plane of the sheet 9 so that the air boundary layer flow of atmospheric air is moved, for example, on one sheet of 9 pairs 18 in the course of 20 clockwise, and the second sheet 21 on 9 of the 18 pairs of atmospheric air moves against the move 22 clockwise.

Then on the border of the sheet 9 and sheet 10 is formed twist in the opposite direction. This leads to implosions, intensifying the heat exchange of the air in the air gap (see, for example, Merkulov A. P. Vortex effect and its application in industry. M.: Mashinostroenie, 1979. 386 p.).

In addition, moving under the influence of free convection adjacent air Proleukin 5 sheets 9, which are arranged next to the sheet 10, leads to the turbulence in the boundary layer of air that is in contact with the back 4 the main surface 2 of the wall 1, that is, stagnant air zone, and this accelerates the formation of the condensate film on the surface of the wall 1.

As a result of this heat exchange provides a substantial saving of energy required for space heating of the building is covered by a panel that consists of sheets with rigid and flexible links of the rear and front surfaces, and to maintain reliable operation of building structures buildings�s by addressing their humidification under changing climatic impact.

The originality of the invention lies in the maintenance of normalized parameters of building outdoor fences in the conditions of changing humidity environmental influences, especially in the presence of rain, snow, fog, through automated control and regulation of the ventilated panel for additional insulation of the walls of the air like humidity and temperature. In addition, optimization of energy consumption for the drive of the vibrator in changing climatic conditions of the building, and this ultimately reduces the monetary costs of the use of ventilated panels.

Panel for additional insulation of the walls containing the sheets forming the front and back plane of the panel with an air layer between them, and the structural elements of the panel are made of materials that do not support combustion, with low thermal conductivity and selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam with zamknutosti structure for the fences, expanded polystyrene, hardboard, sheets of dry plaster - for facial plane, wherein each of the dividers is providing maintaining a minimum constant thickness of an air layer, as well as the possibility of multiple shot�I install the whole panel or just the front plane, made in the form of United in a single structural part, at least four cells, having in the Central part, where the ribs of the cells, the channel for input fasteners designed for attaching the front plane to the delimiter, and the ribs of each of the dividers is drowned in a mass of plastic material from which is formed the sheet forming the back plane of the panel, prior to its solidification, resulting in a strong connection of each fence with the rear plane of the panel, made with the ability to attach to the wall using fasteners, while the leaves panel structurally grouped in packs of eight pieces with a rigid connection between the back and front planes and the ninth in the center that has the possibility of lateral movement relative to the wall, by the addition to it of the front surface of the vibrator with the drive controller and the velocity of the temperature controller connected to the temperature sensor located inside the panel, wherein the temperature controller includes blocks of comparisons and assignments, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, block nonlinear feedback, and the speed control move is made in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutches, and crepe�important detail is made in the form of a rod with a double-sided threaded connection, in addition, one end of the rod is rigidly connected to the mounting channel in the Central part of the delimiter, and the other end is connected to the front of each sheet of the panel as to freely move horizontally by means of flexible connections, rigid connections, and the inside panel on the front plane of the sheet of free horizontal movement of the vibrator is, in addition, on the back plane of the panel sheets, structurally grouped into eight pieces, is curved groove with the opposite direction of the tangent at each nearby pair of panel sheets, on the first leaf pair of tangent curved groove has a direction clockwise, and on the second sheet of the pair of panels tangent curved groove has a direction is counterclockwise, characterized in that the speed controller move is connected to a humidity controller comprising a humidity sensor, located inside the panel, wherein the humidity controller includes blocks of task and block comparison, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, block nonlinear feedback, furthermore, the magnetic amplifier is associated with the move controller in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutch, and the humidity sensor is connected to the compare unit.



 

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SUBSTANCE: device consists of the following components: a feeder designed to supply a foam plastic polyethylene sheet with lateral ties; a frame comprising coiling machines at its front and rear side for winding of a finished heat insulator; a cutting part placed on the front side of the frame and designed for making slots in the foam plastic polyethyelen sheet that arrives from the feeder; an expanding part placed on the rear side of the cutting part, designed for conversion of cut slots into cells by expansion of the foam plastic polyethyelene sheet; a cooling part placed at the rear side of the expanding part, which has cooling rollers for permanent preservation of the increased width of the foam plastic polyethylene sheet and the shape of cells produced by means of conversion of cut slots; and a part for sheet attachment placed onto the rear side of the cooling part, which is designed for fixation of the aluminium film on one surface or both surfaces of the expanded foam plastic polyethylene sheet.

EFFECT: improved quality of a heat insulator.

17 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: panel for additional heat insulation of walls comprises sheets forming face and rear planes of a panel, with an air layer between them and structurally grouped packets, with eight pieces each, rigidly joined to each other by rear and face surfaces and the ninth in the centre, which may move horizontally relative to a wall under action of a vibrator with a drive and a controller of displacement speed, and is also equipped with a temperature controller with a sensor of temperatures and arranged in the form of setting and comparing units, electronic and magnet amplifiers, a unit of non-linear feedback. Besides, the movement speed controller is arranged in the form of a unit of powder electromagnet couplings, at the same time on the rear plane of panel sheets structurally grouped with eight pieces each, there are curvilinear grooves with the opposite direction of motion of the tangent on each adjacent pair of panel sheets, at the same time on the first sheet of the panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a clockwise direction, and on the second sheet of this panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove moves counterclockwise.

EFFECT: maintenance of heat-insulation properties of a panel during long-term operation by elimination of moisture condensation process from atmospheric air available between rear and face surfaces of a panel, by means of turbulisation of a mode of its movement due to vibration horizontal displacement under effect of vibration of a face surface relative to a rear one, and also air flow swirling in an air layer due to swirls in curvilinear grooves on a rear side of panel surface.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: panel for additional heat insulation of walls comprises sheets, forming face and rear planes of a panel, with an air layer between them. At the same time sheets of the panel are structurally grouped in packets of eight pieces with rigid connection of rear and face surfaces to each other, and a ninth one in the centre, which may move horizontally relative to the wall, and a fastening part is arranged in the form of a rod with a double-sided threaded joint, besides, with one end the rod is rigidly connected with a fastening channel in the central part of the isolator, and with the other end it is connected with the face plane of each sheet of the panel with the possibility of free horizontal displacement by means of flexible links, and rigid connection, at the same time inside the panel on the sheet plane of the sheet of free horizontal displacement there is a vibrator, besides, on the rear plane of panel sheets structurally grouped by eight pieces, there are curvilinear grooves with opposite direction of tangent movement on each adjacent pair of panel sheets, at the same time on the first sheet of the panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a clockwise direction, and on the second sheet of this panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a counterclockwise direction.

EFFECT: maintenance of heat-insulation properties of a panel during long-term operation by elimination of moisture condensation process from atmospheric air available between rear and face surfaces of a panel, by means of turbulisation of a mode of its movement due to vibration horizontal displacement under effect of vibration of a face surface relative to a rear one, and also air flow swirling in an air layer due to swirls in curvilinear grooves on a rear side of panel surface.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: composite heat-insulation material suitable for use in buildings, which may demonstrate high parameters of heat insulation when filling a cavity limited with outer and inner walls. The composite material is formed of heat insulation materials 6 on the basis of fibre in the form of two sheets, and a vacuum heat insulation material 7, which is included between these heat insulation materials 6 on the basis of fibre. Layers of the heat insulation material on the basis of fibre are joined as a whole, and a joint section between the heat insulation materials is filled with thinly cut heat insulation material on the basis of fibre.

EFFECT: invention provides for protection of vacuum material against damages in case of exposure, improved heat insulation and strength properties.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat insulation building structures and various items with high heat insulation properties and may be used to erect buildings, etc. under extreme temperature conditions, for thermal protection of barrier structures, and also in production of various containers to maintain necessary temperature condition in them for a long time. Method to create heat insulation structure includes assembly of two or more substrates installed with a clearance. Coating is applied onto inner surfaces of substrates facing each other, such as material with high coefficient of heat radiation absorption and low coefficients of heat intensity and conductivity, for instance, sodium boron silicate glass arranged in the form of thin-walled hollow microspheres, besides, inner surfaces of substrates facing each other are installed with a gap of at least 0.5 cm.

EFFECT: reduced heat losses.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly production of articles having high heat-insulation properties.

SUBSTANCE: method involves assembling article pack, forming cavity in the pack and evacuating the cavity. Pack is formed by pressing plates one to another. Then the pack is laid on support, which touches pack perimeter. One plate is carried to condition, which provides plastic deformation thereof under the action of three-dimensional forces to be applied to the plate. The cavity is formed and the cavity is evacuated simultaneously by above three-dimensional force application. Before cavity is formed the pack is sealed along plate contact area. The three-dimensional forces are inertia force, magnetic force or gravity force. The cavity may be also created by applying vacuum to the pack from side of plate carried to condition, which provides plastic deformation thereof under the action of three-dimensional forces.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs and improved technical and service properties.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly multilayered building members.

SUBSTANCE: building member consists of central layer and outer layers arranged from both opposite sides of central one. The central layer is made of rock wool strips extending along the building member length and the surface layers are applied to the central one by gluing thereof to opposite central layer sides. The central layer includes at least two strips having different properties, namely fire-resistance, strength and rigidity. At least one strip having strength or strength and fire-resistance or rigidity exceeding that of another one is provided with at least one separate channel adapted to convey heat, water and air or to guide power cords, communication lines and/or means to receive building frame members, which permits building frame member concealing inside the building wall. The building member may be joined with adjacent one to form continuous channel and/or building frame member receiving means between building members.

EFFECT: improved structural and technological properties.

6 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: articles for heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection.

SUBSTANCE: insulation article comprises basic layer made of mineral fiber and rigid surface layer. Basic insulation material comprises mineral fiber and binding agent. Average density of basic insulation layer is 50-300 kg/m3. Rigid surface layer comprises mineral material in amount of 40-95% by rigid surface layer weight bonded with organic binding agent taken in amount of 5-35% by rigid surface layer weight. Average rigid surface layer density is at least 450 kg/m3. Article production method is also disclosed.

EFFECT: possibility to obtain articles having any predetermined density, increased manufacturability, strength and insulation properties thereof.

20 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl, 4 ex

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