Transport facility

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed vehicle comprises body, head, propulsor and steering complex. Hollow cylindrical screw jacket is arranged around the periphery of the body to spin there about and around its axis. Said jacket has outer laps as screw blades over the entire length of screw jacket. It is composed by three or more rectangular equal-width equal-length strips concaved or convexed relative to screw jacket rotational axis. Said strips are coiled in vertical plane in lengthwise direction and flexed in screw lines across cylindrical mandrel. Or, said screw jacket can be composed by three or more screw strips, curvilinear of various order and degree of curvature at centres located outside or inside screw jacket cross-section. Said strips are interconnected to make laps as screw blades over the entire length of screw jacket, screw lines and screw curvilinear surfaces as helical grooves concaved or convexed relative to screw jacket rotational axis with curvature centres located outside or inside screw jacket cross-section.

EFFECT: enhanced operating performances.

11 dwg

 

The present invention concerns the means of transport that can move with great speed.

This is achieved in that the transport means, comprising a body, head, propulsion and steering complex, around the perimeter of the housing with the possibility of rotation around the body and its axis is mounted a hollow cylindrical spiral shirt with exterior inlets in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the spiral shirt, made of three or more rectangular strips of identical width and along the length of the concave or convex shape relative to the axis of rotation of the screw shirts, folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved in a spiral lines in the transverse direction on a cylindrical mandrel, or screw the shirt can be made of three or more helical strips curved shape different order and degree of curvature with centers located outside or inside of the cross-section screw-type shirt, with stripes connected with education on the perimeter of the spiral shirt, the sewing in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the screw shirts, screw lines and spiral curved surfaces in the form of helical grooves, a concave or convex shape relative to the axis of rotation of the screw shirts with centers of curvature located outside� or within the cross section of the helical shirt.

According to the patent and technical literature not found a technical solution similar to declare, that allows to judge about the inventive step means of transport.

The novelty is due to the fact that the transport means along the entire length of the housing is provided with a cylindrical screw-face with the possibility of rotation around the body and its own axis with outer inlets in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the screw shirts, is provided with multiple curved spiral surfaces in the form of helical channels that are screwed into the water and attach to the tool longitudinal movement of the transport at high speed, as determined by step spiral surfaces, for example, when the pitch of the screw surface screw shirt is 100 meters per one circulation, the transport means can move 100 meters, at frequency of rotation of 100 rpm speed of the vehicle can reach speeds of 1,000 km/h.

The novelty of the proposal is also due to the fact that screw the shirt is mounted around the means of transport that improves its cavitation characteristics, provides a reduction of energy costs for its relocation.

The novelty lies in the fact that through the outer helical surfaces of double curvature, the hydraulic resistance of the water when moving funds transp�comfortable reduced, this increases speed and reduces noise, which together with the specified geometric elements of cylindrical helical shirt improves its cavitation characteristics.

The novelty lies in that the cylindrical screw the shirt is made from three or more helical strips curved shapes of various orders and degrees of curvature, which reduces the hydraulic resistance, increases speed of movement of the transport means and expanding technological capabilities.

The novelty lies in the fact that the helical shirt is made cylindrical, which ensures smooth movement of vehicles in the water, quiet and reduction of hydraulic resistance.

The novelty of the invention lies in the fact that the helical shirt along the entire length has a smooth cross-section that provides reduced water resistance during the movement of means of transport and its silent operation.

Novelty is seen that the tightening screw of the shirt is the multi-point channels curvilinear shape, which increases the speed and reduces noise.

The novelty lies in the fact that the perimeter of the spiral shirt helical surface formed concave curvilinear shape along its length, which reduces the resistance to movement Wed�of DSTV transport.

Novelty is also due to the fact that the helical shirt on the perimeter made of folded in a vertical plane and connected in series to each other along the length of the screw shirts rectangular strips, folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved in a cylindrical mandrel in a spiral lines in the transverse direction with the formation around the perimeter of the spiral shirt spiral lines and spiral curved surfaces in the form of helical grooves, a concave or convex shape relative to the axis of symmetry of the helical shirt with centers of curvature located outside or inside of the cross section of the helical shirt that facilitates the movement of means of transport and increases movement speed by reducing the hydraulic resistance.

The novelty is that the entire length of the screw shirts formed overlaps in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the screw shirts, which increases the speed of movement of the transport means.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, in which: Fig.1 shows means of transport, General view; Fig.2 is a top view of Fig.1; Fig.3 - screw-shirt, assembled from three lanes, General view; Fig.4 - a section a-A in Fig.3 with the centers of curvature of the strips inside screw shirts; Fig.5 - section a-A in Fig.3 with the centers krivis�s bands outside screw shirts; Fig.6 - screw-shirt, assembled from eight lanes, General view; Fig.7 - section b-B in Fig.6; Fig.8 - view of a rectangular strip after twisting its ends about a horizontal axis O1-O1; Fig.9 - view of the strip after twisting it on a cylindrical mandrel; Fig.10 - section b-b In Fig.9; Fig.11 - section b-b with combination of edges of the two strips.

Means of transport (Fig.1, Fig 2) comprises a housing 1, a head 2, a steering complex 3 and the driver 4. Around the perimeter of the housing 1 with the possibility of rotation around the body 1 and its axis is mounted a hollow cylindrical spiral shirt 5 with outer inlets in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the screw shirts.

Hollow cylindrical spiral shirt 5 mounted without the possibility of axial movement relative to the housing 1 and is provided with devices for imparting a cylindrical hollow screw shirts 5 for rotation about its own axis and the housing 1 (not shown).

Hollow cylindrical spiral shirt 5 made of, e.g., three (Fig.3, Fig 4, Fig.5) the same width and length of the strips 6, 7, 8 (Fig.4) or 9, 10, 11 (Fig.5), folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction, curved spiral lines in the transverse direction on a cylindrical mandrel, and connected with education on the perimeter of the propeller�th 5 outer shirt, the sewing And B, (Fig.3, Fig.4, Fig.5) in the form of helical blades, manufactured with exterior curved surfaces of the concave 6, 7, 8 shape (Fig.4) with the centers of curvature outside of the cylindrical helical shirt 5 or convex 9, 10, 11 form (Fig.5) relative to the axis of symmetry is the axis of rotation of the cylindrical helical shirt 5 with the centers of curvature of the inside cylindrical spiral shirt 5. The inlets A, B, C shown in Fig.3, Fig.4, Fig.5 separated from the strips with a dash-dotted line with two dots 12.

The connection lines are folded in the screw strips to form a distinct, unidirectional three-way with constant pitch helix 13-14, 15-16, 17-18 on the perimeter of the hollow cylindrical spiral shirt 5 (Fig.3, Fig.4, Fig.5).

Lanes 6, 7, 8, or 9, 10, 11 are joined to each other with the formation of the inlets A, B, C by known methods, for example by welding, and with education on the perimeter of the hollow cylindrical spiral shirt 5 not only screw lines 13-14, 15-16, 17-18 on the outer perimeter, and internal helical grooves K1To2To3(Fig.4, Fig.5) constant along the length of the hollow cylindrical spiral shirt step 5 S1spiral lines (Fig.2).

Each of the strips 6, 7, 8, or 9, 10, 11 are twisted in the longitudinal direction relative to its own axis of symmetry O1-O1, for example, the strip 6 in Fig.6 with the longitudinal side edges 19 and 0, which is fixed in a hot or cold condition one end and rotated the other end of the strip in a given direction. Twisted thus the strip is placed on a cylindrical mandrel 21, as, for example, Fig.7, Fig.8 of the strip 6, and is bent so that the edges 19 and 20 of the strip 6 is located in the transverse direction along a helical lines. The strip 6 is deformed and either remove it from the mandrel, either fix it in the deformed position. Processed in the same way the rest of the bands 7 and 8. Further deformed thus the strip is placed on the mandrel 21, for example, as in Fig.9, lanes 6 and 7, for example a lateral face 20 of the strip 7 with dashed with two dots line 12 of the strip 6, and is connected by known methods, for example by welding.

Hollow cylindrical spiral shirt 5 (Fig.10, Fig.11) may be performed not only three, but more lanes with the inlets 12, for example 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, twisted along a helical line in the longitudinal direction (Fig.6) and curved in the transverse direction (Fig.7. Fig.8).

Each of the bands 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 twisted in the longitudinal direction relative to its own axis of symmetry O1-O1for example , as a band 6 in Fig.6 with the longitudinal side edges 19 and 20, which are fixed in a hot or cold condition one end and rotated the other end of�wasps in a given direction. Twisted thus the strip 6 is placed on a cylindrical mandrel 21, as, for example, Fig.7 strip 6, and is bent so that the edges 19 and 20 of the strip 6 is located in the transverse direction along a helical lines. The strip 6 is deformed and either remove it from the mandrel, either fix it in the deformed position. Processed in the same way the rest of the bands 7 and 8. Further deformed thus the strip is placed on the mandrel 21, as for example in Fig.7 bands 6 and 7, for example a lateral face 20 of the strip 7 with dashed with two dots line 12 of the strip 6, and is connected by known methods, for example by welding.

Hollow cylindrical spiral shirt 5 can be manufactured (Fig.3, Fig.10) of three or more folded in a vertical plane and connected to each other along the length of the screw strips curved concave (Fig.4) or convex (Fig.5) shape relative to the axis of rotation of the screw shirts 5 and described curves of various orders and degrees of curvature, for example, lines of the second order curvature:

- the ellipse x2/a2+2/b2=1;

- the parabola y2=2*p*x;

the hyperbola y=K/x.

Lines of the third order curvature and higher:

- Decerto sheet x3+3-3*a*x*y=0;

- curl the Anezi y=and3*(α2+x2);

- strofoid3=x2(a+x)/(Ah);

- snail of Pascal (x2+2-2R*x)2-and2*(x2+2)=0, etc.;

and lines n-th order curvature - polynomials.

The connection lines are folded in the screw strips to form a clear cylindrical multiple-screw-shirt 5 (Fig.1, Fig.2, Fig.3, Fig.10).

Moving the transport means is carried out during rotation of the screw cylindrical jacket 2 mover 1, which when rotated is screwed into the layers of water and imparts longitudinal movement of the housing 3 transport means at a speed determined by the rotational speed of a screw of the cylindrical jacket 2. Case 3 transport means during the movement retains its position with the help of steering complex 4.

Techno-economic advantages torpedoes arise by performing around the perimeter of the housing means of transport with the possibility of rotation around the body and its own axis of the hollow cylindrical spiral shirt and creation on its outer surface unidirectional cylindrical spiral lines and spiral surfaces in the form of channels curvilinear shape, which not only screwed into the layers of water, but also provide, in this case, the movement of vehicles at high speed in the longitudinal direction.

A means of transport, comprising a body, head, propulsion and steering complex, PR� this around the perimeter of the housing with the possibility of rotation around the body and its axis is mounted a hollow cylindrical spiral shirt with exterior inlets in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the screw shirts made of three or more rectangular strips of identical width and along the length of the concave or convex shape relative to the axis of rotation of the screw shirts, folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved in a spiral lines in the transverse direction on a cylindrical mandrel, or screw the shirt can be made of three or more helical strips curved shape different order and degree of curvature with centers located outside or inside of the cross-section screw-type shirt, with stripes connected with education on the perimeter of the spiral shirt, the sewing in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the screw shirts, screw lines and spiral curved surfaces in the form of helical grooves, a concave or convex shape relative to the axis of rotation of the screw shirts with centers of curvature located outside or inside of the cross section of the helical shirt.



 

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