System for collection of information on telecommunication devices in railway transport

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: system has RFID tags, stationary information reception and processing units with RFID tag readers connected to them, a memory unit and a controller. RFID tags are added which are configured in telecommunication devices and personal ID cards of employees, mobile information reception and processing units with RFID tag reader, and navigation and data exchange functions through the radio channel, and also the personal information memory module, the measuring bench module, the technical process diagram memory module, the device location register, the register of electronic logs and passports, the device identification register the inputs and outputs of which are connected to the respective outputs / inputs of the added operated switching unit. The radio channel is connected to the high-level data transmission network. The switching unit is connected to the memory unit and the controller, and through the high-level data transmission network - to inputs and outputs of stationary information reception and processing units. Outputs/inputs of hardware-software complexes of the integrated automated control system of financial resources, the automated workstations of the supervisory control personnel and integrated monitoring and administration system are connected to the high-level data transmission network.

EFFECT: improvement of life cycle monitoring and movement of telecommunication devices.

4 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of automation of technological problems in the operation of communications equipment and may find application in railway transport for the identification, tracking and accounting of telecommunication devices in the communication units.

A known system for gathering information about the railway wagons and the goods transported, containing the receiving and processing information about the vehicles, placed on rail cars RFID tags associated by means of electromagnetic coupling via the unit by reading the RFID tag with the item, and the unit of sensors, the controller, the unit of analysis and management, coupled with the memory unit, transceiver unit for communication with the point of reception and information processing and transceiving unit for communication with a navigation system GPS/GLONASS, it includes the programmer and placed in railroad cars block the protection from unauthorized access and interface unit, wherein the programming device is connected via the protection unit against unauthorized access with the unit of analysis and management, appropriate information outputs of which are connected to the interface unit, and the information inputs are connected to the controller output, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the sensors unit (RU 88176U1, G08G 1/01, 2006).

The disadvantages of the known�a combined system are limited functionality, since this system does not allow to fully control the state of the object identification simultaneously on many parameters, as well as the insufficient level of protection from unauthorized access.

The technical result of the invention is operative to obtain information about the life cycle of devices of telecommunication on railway transport, including data on repair and maintenance of their movement, the main technical parameters and belonging to the operating organization.

The technical result of the invention is achieved in that the system for collecting information about devices telecommunication on railway transport contains RFID tags installed on the telecommunication devices and personal cards of employees communication stations, fixed blocks of reception and processing of information connected with readers RFID tag, a memory unit and a controller, the mobile units for receiving and processing information from an RFID reader and navigation functions and data exchange via a radio channel, a radio channel connected to the backbone data network, and a memory module of the personal data module measuring stand, memory module, schedules processes, the location register of the device, the register of electronic journals and passports, identification register at�devices, inputs/outputs are connected with the corresponding outputs/inputs entered controlled switching unit, other outputs/inputs connected directly to the inputs/outputs of the memory block and the controller, and through the bus data inputs/outputs mounted units receiving and processing of information with the main data network connected to the outputs/inputs hardware and software systems of a unified automated system of management of financial resources, workstations Supervisory staff and a unified system of monitoring and administration.

As radio use radio, WI-FI access points which are connected to the backbone data network.

As use cellular radio communication network of GSM standard, access points which are connected to the backbone network transmission of data through the regional data network.

Mobile units for receiving and processing information can be in the form of a smartphone with WI-FI, GSM, GPS/GLONASS and an RFID reader.

The drawing shows a block diagram of an embodiment of a system for collecting information about devices telecommunication on railway transport.

System for collecting information about devices telecommunication on railway �the track contains RFID tags, installed on the telecommunication devices and personal cards of employees (not shown), the stationary blocks 1 reception and processing of information connected with readers 2 RFID tag, the memory block 3 and the controller 4, the mobile unit 5 for receiving and processing information from the reader 6 of RFID tags, Navigator 7 and means 8 and 9 for exchanging data through a radio channel connected to the backbone network 10, a data transfer and the memory module 11 of the personal data module 12 measuring stands, the module memory 13 charts of manufacturing process, the register 14 location devices register 15 electronic journals and passports, the register 16 identification devices, the inputs/outputs of which are connected with the corresponding outputs/inputs entered the managed switching unit 17, the other outputs/inputs connected directly to the inputs/outputs of the memory block 3 and the controller 4, and through the bus 10 data inputs/outputs mounted units 1 receiving and processing information.

With the backbone network 10 data are connected to the outputs/inputs of the hardware and software devices of a single set of financial resources management, workstations Supervisory staff and a unified system of monitoring and administration (not shown).

As �of the radio channel for communication using broadband wireless WI-FI and cellular communication of GSM standard.

Point 18 of broadband access networks WI-FI are connected to the backbone network 10 for data transmission. Wherein the means 8 is designed as a broadband transceiver. Point 19 access cellular communication of GSM standard are connected to the backbone network 10 transmit data via a regional network of 20 data. Wherein the means 9 is designed as a transceiver of the cellular network connection.

Unit 5 is arranged to select a radio channel for data exchange.

System for collecting information about devices telecommunication on railway transport works as follows.

To collect information about the telecommunication devices carrying the marking of pieces of equipment, material and technical resources is carried out by placing RFID tags. In addition, RFID tags installed on personal cards of employees of the CSS.

Employees of division of railway telecommunications, performing maintenance or repair of telecommunication devices, can be on remote linear objects without fixed blocks 1 receiving and processing information. In this case, the mobile unit 5 for receiving and processing information.

At the first stage by means of readers 2, 6 read identification data from RFID tags radio devices.

On remote line features information about RFID tags, telecommunications device read by the reader 6 mobile unit 5 for receiving and processing information. Identification data telecommunications device unit 5 transmits in block 17 via the radio network WI-FI, access point 18 which are connected to the backbone network 10 data, or cellular communication of GSM standard, 19 points of access which are connected to the backbone network 10 transmit data via a regional network of 20 data. Simultaneously, the unit 5 transmits data about its location, which is defined by Navigator 9.

Unit 5 is arranged to select a radio channel for data transmission. The choice of channel radio WI-FI or GSM produced by the availability and quality of radio communications. Information transfer in 20 regional and long-haul 10-data networks when interacting with a controllable switching unit 17 is carried out using standard IP protocols data transfer.

The switching unit 17 analyzes the received data to determine the presence of signs corresponding thread defined in the table switching, and voltage�ulation them to the appropriate output interface. If the corresponding output interface of the switch 17 data controller 4 generates a control signal for transmission to the registers 16 and 14.

The register 16 of the identification device compares the received identification data with the list of assigned telecommunication devices IDs. In the presence of the identities in said list register 16 identifies the telecommunication device and via a controllable switching unit 17 sends data to the controller 4.

In the register 14 stores the location data as a stationary unit 5 for receiving and processing information and telecommunication devices. Register 14 determines the location of telecommunication devices by location of units 1 and 5, compares with the data location of the communication device stored in its memory. In case of discrepancy between the data register 14 is recorded in the memory the new location of the communication device. The location information of the communication device, the register sends via the switching unit 17 to the processor 4.

The controller 4, upon receiving data on the connection object and its location, generates a corresponding request via the switching unit 17 sends it to the module memory 13 charts of manufacturing process.

After the request is received in the stationary unit 1 receiving and processing module 13 via the switching unit 17 �on the backbone network 10 sends a schedule of maintenance works identified telecommunications device.

Unit 1 is in the form of hardware and software devices. When data is received on the display unit 1 visually displays information about the schedule of preventive maintenance.

In the second stage for carrying out preventive maintenance works in accordance with the schedule of the stationary unit 1 for receiving and processing the information by the reader 2, and a remote line feature mobile unit 5 using the reader 6 receive identification information of the employee performing the maintenance or repair of telecommunication devices. Information about read RFID tags of the employee through the bus 10 data flows in a controllable switching unit 17, which directs them to the controller 4. The controller 4 requests in block 3 of memory the list of workers of communication with the access codes and compares it with the received identifier information of the employee. If the identity of the employee is present in this list, the controller 4 generates the appropriate request through the block 17 is routed to the memory module 11 of the personal data.

The memory module 11 of the personal data passes through the block 17 and the backbone network 10 on the stationary unit 1 receiving and processing the personal data of the employee, including his / her qualification.

If the qualifications of the employee allows Prov�dit appropriate measurements, the controller 4 sends the enable signal to the module 12 benches for the measurement of the parameters of the identified object, as well as in the module 11, which records in its memory the data of the employee performing the maintenance or repair of telecommunication devices.

Module 12 benches provide measurements of the electrical characteristics of the device. For example, when checking the parameters of the radio module 12 provides a measure of:

the frequency of the HF and LF signals, the power of the RF signal, the voltage of the LF signal, the frequency deviation, harmonic ratio of LF signals and FM signals, the receiver sensitivity and the sensitivity of the modulation input to the transmitter. The results of these measurements are compared with the norms laid down in the memory module 12 measuring benches. The comparison results define the state of the telecommunications device. The results of measurements and status data telecommunications device module 12 through the block 17 sends to the register 15 electronic journals and passports, which records them in its memory.

To account for the receipts/write-off, inventory logistics support and company codes, the controller 4 carries out information exchange with a single set of automated system� financial resources EC ASUR. The data exchange with the EC ASUR is integration of message formats operating in the system.

In addition, the controller 4 carries out information exchange on the state of telecommunication devices with the service center, control and repair the item, the regional communications center and directorates connection with the use of hardware-software complex automated workplaces of the dispatcher apparatus according to existing local data networks using standard data transfer protocols.

Information about the technical condition of the devices, the controller 4 transmits the unified system of monitoring and administration using the standard SNMP Protocol.

The technical result of the proposed system for collecting information about devices telecommunication on railway transport is operative to obtain information about the life cycle of railway telecommunications devices, including repair and maintenance, control of movement, the main technical parameters and belonging to the operating organization.

The proposed technical solution allows you to:

- to organize the rational movement of communications equipment, tools, mobile laboratories, to identify the specific features of organization of such processes spent at the enterprises;

- to investigate the organization and timely execution of schedules of the process;

- identify advantages, disadvantages and hidden reserves, affecting the efficiency of warehouse and production activities;

- to develop a complex of measures on implementation of technology of RFID tags in an automated warehouse management system and production activity of structural divisions.

1. System for collecting information about devices telecommunication on railway transport, containing RFID tags, stationary blocks of the reception and processing of information connected with readers RFID tag, a memory unit and a controller, wherein the RFID tag is installed on the telecommunication devices and personal cards of employees, introduced mobile units for receiving and processing information from an RFID reader and navigation functions and exchange data on a radio channel, a radio channel connected to the backbone data network, and a memory module of the personal data module measuring stand, memory module, schedules processes, the location register of the device, the register of electronic journals and passports, the register device identification, inputs/outputs of which are connected with the corresponding outputs/inputs entered controlled switching unit, the other output�and/inputs connected directly to the inputs/outputs of the memory block and a controller, and through the bus data inputs/outputs mounted units receiving and processing of information with the main data network connected to the outputs/inputs hardware and software systems of a unified automated system of management of financial resources, workstations Supervisory staff and a unified system of monitoring and administration.

2. A system according to claim 1, characterized in that the radio channel used by the radio network, WI-FI access points which are connected to the backbone data network.

3. A system according to claim 1, characterized in that the radio channel used by the cellular communication network of GSM standard, access points which are connected to the backbone network transmission of data through the regional data network.

4. A system according to any one of claims.1-3, characterized in that the mobile receiving unit and information processing is executed in the form of a smartphone with an RFID reader.



 

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