Telecommunication network data transmission means and telecommunication network
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multiprotocol telecommunication data transmission means. The system enables to create a network with data relay and routing based on navigation information. The data transmission means comprises a signal (2) type detection and determination unit, a scanning receiver (28) for air scanning and transmission of a set of reports to a frequency spectrum (29) computer, intended for transmission thereof to the signal (30) type determination unit, designed to determine a set of frequencies corresponding to the detected signal based on geographic coordinates obtained from a navigator (14), and also notify a monitoring and control telecommunication module (1), selecting a corresponding radio station connected to a switch (12), for signal modulation with parameters corresponding to the detected parameters. The telecommunication network comprises radio stations with or without an Ethernet standard IEEE 802.3 interface, and telecommunication network (461-46q) data transmission means, the switches (12) of which are connected to the radio stations with or without an Ethernet standard IEEE interface.
EFFECT: constructing a data transmission network without setting the broadcast frequency and parameters of radio stations which are part of the network.
3 cl, 8 dwg
The invention relates to a multi-Protocol telecommunications means the transmission of data, namely telecommunications servers, and can be used to build a secure multi-service multi-Protocol network.
Known cellular phone Samsung SGH-i900, possesses within himself the transmitters Bluetooth, 802.11 and GSM. The disadvantage of this phone is that for the organization of the communication network uses only one transceiver (GSM), and the rest are used to wirelessly connect to different devices - computer, headset, etc.
Famous Amateur radio SDR-radio SDR-1000 . The disadvantage of this radio is that it is not possible to organize a network with a large number of existing radio stations that do not have the junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard and requires the separate manufacture.
The closest to the proposed apparatus is internal communication switching and control (ICS) [patent RU No. 58834 from 27.11.2006].
Diagram of the prototype device is shown in Fig.1, where indicated:
311...31k- headset (MTG) subscribers;
321...32k- the blocks mates with relevant ITI (BSMT);
331...33k- direct/reverse conversion of the analog signal ITI (BGTMTP) into a digital packet stream Ethernet IEE 802.3;
341...34s- telephones (SLT);
351...35s- the blocks mates with the corresponding TA (BSTA);
361...36s- direct/reverse conversion of the analog signal TA (PPTA) into a digital packet stream Ethernet IEEE 802.3;
371...37mradio station (PC);
381...38m- the blocks mates with the corresponding PC (BSRS);
391...39m- direct/reverse conversion of the analog signal and digital signal joints S1-FL radio stations and C2 (BPRS) into a digital packet stream Ethernet IEEE 802.3;
401...40n- apparatus transmission/privacy of the data (APSD);
411...41n- the blocks mates with a corresponding APSD (BSAPS);
421...42n- direct/inverse transformation of the digital signals of the junction of C1-FL APSD (BPAPS) into a digital packet stream Ethernet IEEE 802.3;
431...43rdevice having a junction of the Ethernet standard IEEE 802.3;
12 - unit of packet switching Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard (BKP) (switch).
The prototype device contains a microphone to set subscribers (MTG) 311...31k, k blocks of the pair (BSMT) 321...32kto the conversion units (BPMG).
331...33k's telephones (SLT) 341...34s, s of interface unit (BSTA) 351...35s that s the conversion units (BPTA) 361...36s; m radios (PC) 371...37m, m blocks of the pair (BSRS) 381...38mm conversion blocks (BPRS) 391...39m; n devices APSD 401...40n, n blocks of the pair (BSAPS) 411...41nn conversion blocks (BPAPS) 421...42n; n devices having a junction Ethernet IEEE 802.3 431...43rthe unit of packet switching Ethernet IEEE 802.3 (SAT) 12, and the input / output of each MTG 31l...31kthrough the series-connected matching BSMT 321...32kand PMTG 331...33kpaired with a matching of inputs to outputs of the first group of inputs-outputs of the BCP 12, input / output of each of THE 341...34sthrough the series-connected matching BSTA 351...35sand BSTA 361...36spaired with a matching from s inputs-outputs of the second group of inputs-outputs BCCS 12, first, second, third outputs-inputs of each PC 371...37mconnected with the corresponding inputs-outputs of the corresponding BCRS 381...38mthe fourth output is the input of which through the corresponding BPRS 391...39mconnected to respective m inputs / outputs of the third group of inputs-outputs of the BCP 12, input / output of each APSD 401...40nthrough the series-connected� appropriate BSPD 41 1...41nand BPPD 421...42nconnected to respective n inputs-outputs of the fourth group of inputs-outputs of the BCP 12, the output-input of each device having a junction Ethernet IEEE 802.3 431...43rconnected to the respective r inputs-outputs of the N-th group of inputs-outputs of the BCP 12.
The number and type of connected to CDB 12 conversion blocks and devices with a junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard, can be selected arbitrarily depending on the task and is determined only by the throughput capacity of the unit of packet switching.
The integrated circuit of the prototype device is shown in Fig.2, where indicated:
12 - unit of packet switching Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard (BKP) (switch);
13 - hardware encoder;
25 - block user equipment.
261-26m- interface module;
371-37m- a regular radio station;
431-43rradio station with the junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard.
The handset subscribers 311...31kand telephones 341...34sperform the function of transmitting speech between users, so they are combined in one unit of user equipment 25. In the blocks mates with the corresponding 32 MT / y1...32ka coordinated signal levels, and blocks direct/inverse transformation EN�logologo of ITI signal into a digital packet stream 33 1...33k- sampling signal with a frequency of eight thousand samples per second. They are combined in one unit, performing the same functions. The blocks mates with the corresponding ONE of the 351...35sand blocks direct/inverse conversion of the analog signal TA (PPTA) into a digital stream 361...36scombined in one unit, since they perform the same function of converting the analog signal of the corresponding type in digital that block and educated. Data transmission/data encryption 401...40nthe blocks mates with a corresponding UPSD 411...41nand blocks direct/inverse transform digital signals into a digital stream 421...42nperform the same functions hardware encryption, and a hardware encoder 13, so they are combined. The blocks mates with the corresponding PC 381...38m- direct/reverse conversion of the analog signal and digital signal joints S1-FL radio stations and C2 into a digital packet stream 391...39mfunction of converting an analog signal corresponding type in the similar to the digital backends 261-26mso they are merged.
The disadvantage of the prototype device is that it does not simulate SDR devices, organization of exchange of electronic correspondence, and that�same connectivity Navigator.
The task is to expand the functionality of the device: simulating functions of SDR devices, including through radio stations that do not support SDR.
Technical when using the invention lies in the possibility of automated construction of data transmission networks, including with the participation of radio stations of a different type, the channels of the above devices and routing in such a network, and connectivity in a network of radio stations that do not support the same data transmission Protocol via a communication channel, such as Wi-Fi, and analogs, in addition, provides connection and switching between the connected to the proposed device radio stations and other means of communication.
To solve the problem in a means of self-organizing data telecommunications network that contains a hardware encoder, the unit of user equipment to which the switch is connected to the backends connected to the respective radio stations, and/or not having the junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard, according to the invention additionally introduced the unit of control channel, the Navigator and the detection unit and determine the type of signal containing a scanning receiver, the transmitter and the definition block of the signal; wherein the transmitter receives from the scanning receiver temporary �pectr ether, performs the Fourier transform of the obtained spectrum of the ether and obtains the frequency spectrum of the ether, which transmits in the definition block of signal upon detection of signals at frequencies based on the geographic coordinates received from the Navigator, select the set of configuration data corresponding to these coordinates, according to the table of adjustment data in accordance with the algorithm of signal detection and tuning radio stations, the selected set of configuration data from the block definition signal is transmitted to the control unit, the channel selection and tuning.
Diagram of the device shown in Fig.3, where indicated:
1 - controlling and managing the telecommunications module (CUTM);
2 - block detection and determination of the signal type;
261-26m- interface module;
27 - the DSL modem;
28 is a scanning receiver;
29 - evaluator;
30 - block determination signal;
371-37mradio station that does not have the junction of the Ethernet standard IEEE 802.3;
radio station with the junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard.
The means of data telecommunication network includes controlling and managing the telecommunications module 1 to which technology Ethernet connected modules mates 261-26mthat are connected to the switch 12 (Fig.4 - diagram of COTM), a part of the composition� CUCM 1. On the other hand to the backends 261-26mfor example , on a serial port RS-232 connected radio 371-37m(KB, VHF, HF and others). Also, the switch 12 is connected directly to the radio station 431-43rwith the junction of the Ethernet IEEE standard 802.3 and Ethernet technology - a detection unit and determining the signal type 2 (in this case - odnoplanovye computers). A detection unit and determining the signal type 2 contains the scan receiver 28, such as detection equipment and the formation of the interference, the transmitter 29, for example, on the basis of the ADSP and the computer, and the definition block of the signal 30 (the software installed on the hard disk of this computer). On the opposite side of the switch 12 has an output which is the output of CUCM 1 to which technology Ethernet connected DSL modem 27.
Scheme of control and managing the telecommunication module shown in Fig.4, where indicated:
3 - the client supports MIME Security with OpenPGP (for sending emails);
4 - the client supports MIME-types (encryption);
5 - the software that supports protocols RTP, RTCP (UDP);
6 - the software that supports the SIP Protocol;
7 - the software that supports the Protocol Session Description Protocol;
8 - block user interaction).
9.1 - network interface�with po Eth0;
9.2 - network interface po Eth1;
9.3 - network interface frontend Eth0;
10 - block firewall router;
11 - controller channel;
12 - switch;
13 - hardware encoder;
15 - printer;
17 - expander ports;
18 - block software-based encryption and authentication;
19 - server telecommunications system;
20 - the navigation of the client;
21 - unit facility access;
22 is a block client scanner;
23 - block client printer;
24 is a block servers that support the Protocol HMR;
25 - block user equipment.
Controlling and managing the telecommunications module 1 comprises a channel, subscriber and user part.
The channel part of the control and managing of telecommunication module contains block the firewall of the router 10, which, for example, technology WinSock is connected to the control unit the channel 11, which have the driver connected to the switch 12. The switch 12 Ethernet either directly or via modem, the type of which depends on the type of station, connecting the station (Fig.4 not shown).
Subscriber of the telecommunications Manager module contains the server telecommunications system 19, which is on the TCP/IP port or other use�creating a network Protocol through the block software-based encryption and authentication 18, support Protocol-Transport Layer Security (the standard that governs the Protocol - RFC 5246) connected to subscriber network interface part 9.2. With side channel technology Ethernet server telecommunications system 19 is connected to a subscriber network interface part 9.1. Also to the server telecommunications system 19 connected to the navigation client 20.1, which is connected to the block internal access 21, is connected to a subscriber network interface part 9.1. Block intrabuilding access 21 includes a set of driver Navigator 14, scanner 15, a printer 16 and a service connect/disconnect these devices through the expander port 17 connected to it, and Navigator 14 receives satellite coordinates according to the standard GLONASS and/or GPS.
The user part of the control and managing of telecommunication module contains block server 24 that support the Protocol HMR. The module server 24 includes a block exchange of electronic correspondence, the transmission unit of stream data and the block of interaction with the user 8, and block the exchange of electronic mail and block the transmission of streaming data, which, for example, technology WinSok connected to the block of user interaction 8. Block the exchange of electronic correspondence contains United, for example, technology inSock client supports MIME Security with OpenPGP 3 and the client supports MIME-types 4. Block streaming data comprises serially connected, for example, by the technology of WinSock software that supports protocols RTP, RTCP (UDP) 5, the software that supports the SIP Protocol 6, and the software that supports the Protocol Session Description Protocol 7. To block user interaction 8 is connected to the user equipment unit 25 (for example, keyboard, mouse, microphone, camera, display). Block streaming data, the unit of exchange of electronic correspondence, as well as the block of interaction with the user 8 from the TCP/IP port or another network Protocol used connected to a network interface of the user portion of 9.3, which also respectively connected blocks of the navigation client 20.2, scanner 22, a printer 23.
The channel part of the control-managing data module via a hardware encoder 13 is connected to a subscriber network interface part 9.2, and network interface 9.1 the subscriber side is connected to a network interface 9.3 user control and managing the telecommunication module.
The proposed means of data telecommunication network operates as follows.
CUCM 1 performs the functions of a router and providing services to the exchange of electronic correspondence, TRANS�villas speech data software-based encryption, and is able to manage the software SDR (SDR), as defined in the block server 24 (Fig.4).
The algorithm of data transmission facilities of the telecommunications network shown in Fig.5. The algorithm of signal detection and configuration of the radio stations shown in Fig.6.
In SDR stored unique identifier means and the table configuration data (frequency, capacity, etc.) for all stations by type of station, while, in the case of repeated use of the same set of frequencies in this table contains the geographic coordinates of the locate networks that use the same set of frequencies.
|The configuration table data|
|The name of the field||Tool ID||Frequency||Modulation||The keys TM||Poft||Geographic coordinates||Subnet||Joining the network|
|Note||Primary key||Table 2||The ID of the subnet that includes the device|
|Table hardware shared subnet|
|The name of the field||Tool ID||The subnet ID|
Table setup data (ND) 1 can boot from ON SDR in the definition block of the signal 30 (Fig.3). The scan receiver 28 is viewing a broadcast and transmits the set of samples in the transmitter 29, which converts the set frequency range (GFC 29 receives from the scan receiver 28 temporal range "time-intensity" of the air, performs a Fourier transform of the obtained spectrum and obtains the frequency spectrum of the frequency-intensity"), and then passes it to the block definition signal 30 to detect signals at frequencies contained in table 1. According to the obtained frequency spectrum detected potential subscribers (the possible types of stations in the network, and �arianty setup data are assumed to be known in advance), and also, if possible, they use the settings data (type of modulation and pseudo-random adjustment of the operating frequency (frequency hopping).
In case of detection of a signal at the corresponding frequency, the block determination signal 30 compares the geographic coordinates of funds data telecommunications network received from the Navigator 14 (Fig.4), and selects from the table 1 that the set of ND, the geographical coordinates using the least of which differ. If frequencies are used without repetition, then select the set that corresponds to the frequency at which the detected signal. After selecting sets of ND from table 1, the respective detected signals in the spectrum, the block determination signal 30 notifies CUCM 1) detection of the respective networks, and after selecting them, the network selects the desired station from the number connected to the switch 12, which can modulate the signal with settings similarly found in table 1 and the corresponding network selected by CUCM 1, and transmits (in the case of support to change the settings on the network radio station) the appropriate found in table 1 settings. If your radio does not support changing settings on the network, the block determination signal 30 notifies CUCM 1 about the need for manual configuration.
If the devices are located close to each other, �about they can be connected via Ethernet or via modem DSL 27, this will also release available frequencies for use by wireless network connection.
For technological purposes, functions, CUCM 1 choice network can also be duplicated in SDR.
In order to decrease the price of the product instead of the scan receiver 28 may be used receivers included in the means of data transmission stations. In this case, the scan receiver 28 may be absent, and the radio receivers 371-37m431-43rto connect to the transmitter 29, which, in this case, to not give the entire frequency spectrum, but only a part corresponding to the frequency of radio receivers 371-37m431-43r.
Thus, in comparison with the prototype, a means of data telecommunication network implements the functions of the SDR-enabled devices, including through radio stations that do not support SDR.
Known cellular network, built using devices ZTE SDR  the Disadvantage of this network is the presence of a stationary base station, upon failure of which, the network collapses.
Closest to the proposed is a network of devices that support the 802.11 s, in particular HWMP organization of wireless ad hoc networks Wi-Fi technology .
Network-a prototype consists of computers that support the Protocol 802.11 s, in particular HWMP. Data computer and�use flash memory instead of a hard drive and come with the Linux distribution based on Fedora from Red Hat as a preinstalled operating system. Used mobile ad hoc network Protocol 802.11 s Wi-Fi for public access to the Internet, while at least one of the computers can connect to the router or another access point.
The disadvantage of the prototype device is the lack of connectivity in the network of radio stations that do not support the same data transmission Protocol via a communication channel, such as Wi-Fi, and analogues.
The network is composed of stations connected to the network communication equipment, adopted as a prototype for the data transmission according to claim 1 (hereinafter - the ABCK, instrument internal communication, switching and control), is analogous to the inventive communication network, but since the ICS does not have a feature mimic SDR-radio, through it it is impossible to organize the communication network proposed in the ABCK missing module CUCM, for this reason is not available navigational information, no block detect and determine signal type 2 and there is no way to route data packets between different network segments, and so on.
Proposed technical solution not only provides a radio channel and automatically selects the frequency and tunes the radio stations, and routes the data packets through the network using CUCM, and the self-organization of the data network. Self-organization �hildren and automatic configuration of the network elements shown in the figures 5, 6, 8 (flowcharts).
Thus, ABCK, though it can connect different radio types, but does not include automatic configuration and selection of frequencies for radio stations, and most importantly - he does not possess the capability to route the data (since it lacks CUCM). Therefore, you cannot use it to organize network consisting of segments operating on different frequencies, modulations and other characteristics. And in the prototype of the proposed network contains a block of routing (performing functions similar to the unit 10 CUCM, however, does not provide navigation information). The prototype does not perform the automatic adjustment feature, the selection of frequencies for radio stations and has a function of simulating the SDR radio.
In the claimed invention solves the problem of self-organization networks with regard to navigation data, the use in the construction of a network of radio stations of different types.
Technical results: the automatic creation of the network without specifying the broadcast frequencies and other parameters of its member radio stations in advance, taking into account the navigation information (thus reducing the deployment time of the network and frees the user from the need to develop sets of frequencies); the establishment of a network with relaying and routing of data and provision of telecommunication�cationic services; pair networks consisting of radio stations of different types into a single network capable of routing data packets from one network segment to another (it is possible, that in each segment of the radio stations broadcast on different frequencies).
The technical result is achieved in that the telecommunications network includes a radio with and/or without a junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard and transmission media telecommunications network, the switches which are connected to the radios of all types, with and/or without a junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard; wherein the data transmission facilities of a telecommunication network is made with the possibility of using SDR technology, which in the means of data telecommunication network, a detection unit and determine the type of signal gives a list of frequencies at which the detected signals from the radio network controller configures channel radio included in the tool data telecommunications network at the required frequency, and sets the other settings in accordance with the information received from the detection unit and determining the signal type according to the algorithm of formation of the network, block firewall router builds routes between the means of data telecommunication networks and radio stations that are not connected to the means of data telecommunication�ocazional network selects necessary for routing the physical communication channel, transmits to the control unit the channel command to go to the selected physical communication channel and sends to the control unit channel data from network layer protocols and servers telecommunications system performing channel selection network layer and the parameters of the channel to send user data and sending this data to the block the firewall of the router.
A diagram of the proposed network is shown in Fig.7, where indicated:
37i1-37imradio station that does not have the junction of the Ethernet standard IEEE 802.3;
43i1-43irradio station with the junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard and, for example, supports Wi-Fi wireless Protocol 802.11 s;
451-45qchannel portion of the data transmission facilities of a telecommunication network;
461-46q- subscriber portion of the data transmission facilities of a telecommunication network.
Telecommunication network contains m groups of stations 37i1...37imnot having the junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard, each group is configured with the settings fi, i=1, ... m (in General, speaking of the settings, we mean the frequency, modulation and other signal); r groups of stations 43j1, 43 ... jrwith the junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard and, for example, supports Wi-Fi wireless Protocol 802.11 s, each GRU�PA is configured with the settings of the g j, j=1, ... r.
The chain also incorporates the q channel parts data transmission media 45, which consists of m stations 37, r radio 43. Using a scanning receiver 28 (Fig.7 not shown) in the channel parts of the transmission media 451-45qis set, at what frequency and with what parameters are broadcast to the aforementioned group of radio stations and radio stations 37 and 43 in the composition of the channel part of the transmission media 451-45qtune into the same frequency and other parameters in accordance with each group of radio equipment. Thus, each channel portion of the transmission media 451-45qforms a communication channel with each of the groups of radio equipment included in the telecommunication network. In addition, the formed channels can be connected and choose channel part of the transmission 451-45q.
With the channel parts of the data transmission media 451-45qcan be organized communication between networks with different radio stations and operating at different frequencies, with different modulation types, etc., for example, 37114311. To do this, the radio station of the same type, included in one group, for example, 3711data is forwarded to a configured with the same settings the 37 station connected to a subscriber-hour�and transmission media 46, for example, 461, as part of the means of data transmission. At the subscriber side transmission media data 461data is routed to station 43, which is configured with the same settings, and station 4311.
If from stations connected to the subscriber side transmission media data 461it is not possible to communicate with the station 4311built the route between the means of data transmission using existing channels so until I have a means of transferring data from vehicles attached to his unit, for example, 463you can organize a radio channel with the 4311. In this case, data is transferred from the 3711first means of data transfer, further down the chain of data transmission, and data transmission media in chains - 4311.
When migrating groups of radio to other frequencies, since the scan receiver 28 operates continuously detects this and reconfiguring, resetting the respective radio stations as part of the means of data transfer.
The network itself is grouped by the groups of radio equipment, as well as routes between the groups of radio equipment constructed in accordance with the Protocol clustering  and Protocol AODV (RFC 3561) .
Education network in the General case shown in Fig.8.
As a server system telecommunications �can apply the Server system of telecommunications" utility model of the Russian Federation No. 121977.
Some means of data telecommunication network determines the required signal parameters - frequency, modulation, etc. and there is a transfer of the package (if your network includes a radio station by means of data telecommunication network is expected to transfer during a given operator time). Other means of data telecommunication network, receiving the appropriate spectrum and found from table 1 that the signal is observed at the frequency contained in table 1, configure the appropriate data corresponding to the radio station. Thus it is necessary to edit the table 1 the means of data telecommunication network, recording that the selected set is already occupied by a specific network (filling the corresponding field of table 1 the corresponding value from table 2).
If you want to organize several different networks, which include data transmission facilities of a telecommunication network, in table 1 should be included unique identifiers funds and a list of identifiers of the funds, may enter into one or another network. Upon initial detection of a signal transmission medium data telecommunications network queries discovered by means of its unique identifier, and organizes the network detected by the tool, only if FOR this SDR deterge�VA set, that the received identifier is included in the list of identifiers that characterize the network, which should include a means of data telecommunication network (table 1). If funds for that ID, the frequency and other parameters of the signal in table 1, etc. are not clearly defined, then set the one on which the signal was detected. If after that, the means of data telecommunication network it is necessary to form a new network with other simulators, in which he will be leading station, it begins the transmission from an arbitrary ND, except for those that have already been used for the formation of the aforementioned network. Alternative he starts transmission with OD, explicitly listed in table 1 for him.
Thus, the claimed invention allows to automatically create a data network, without specifying in advance of broadcast frequencies and other parameters of its member radio stations, taking into account navigational information that helps to reduce the time of network deployment and frees the user from the need to develop sets of frequencies, to pair networks consisting of radio stations of different types, into a single network capable of routing data packets from one network segment to another (it is possible, that in each segment of the radio stations broadcast on different frequencies).
1 Samsung SGH-i900.
2 Flex Radio Systems SDR-1000. Software-dependent transceiver. URL: http://rw3ps.qrz.ru/1001.htm
4 Is IEEE 802.1 Tutorial Overview of the Amendment for Wireless Local Area Mesh Networking, 2006. URL: http://www.ieee802.org/802_tutorials/06-November/802.11s_Tutorial_r5.pdf
5 R. Ramanathan Hierarchically-organized, Multi-Hop Mobile Wireless Networks for Quality-of-Service Support/R. Ramanathan and M. Steen-strup/Mobile Networks and Applications, vol.3, 1998, pp.101-119.
1. A means of self-organizing data telecommunications network that contains a hardware encoder, the unit of user equipment to which the switch is connected to the backends connected to the respective radio stations, and/or not having the junction of the Ethernet standard IEEE 802.3, characterized in that it additionally introduced the unit of control channel, the Navigator and the detection unit and determine the type of signal containing a scanning receiver, the transmitter and the definition block of the signal; wherein the transmitter receives from the scanning receiver, the time spectrum of the ether, performs the Fourier transform of the obtained spectrum of the ether and obtains the frequency spectrum of the ether, which passes in the definition block of signal upon detection of signals at frequencies based on the geographic coordinates received from the Navigator, select the set of configuration data corresponds to the�concerned these coordinates, according to the table of adjustment data in accordance with the algorithm of signal detection and tuning radio stations, the selected set of configuration data from the block definition signal is transmitted to the control unit, the channel selection and tuning.
2. The means of data transmission according to claim 1, characterized in that the switch has an output connected to the DSL modem.
3. Telecommunication network containing stations with and/or without a junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard and the means of data telecommunication network, the switches which is connected by radio with and/or without a junction of the Ethernet IEEE 802.3 standard; wherein the data transmission facilities of a telecommunication network is made with the possibility of using SDR technology, which in the means of data telecommunication network, a detection unit and determine the type of signal gives a list of frequencies at which the detected signals from the radio network controller configures channel radio stations included in the tool data telecommunications network at an appropriate frequency and sets the settings according to the information received from the detection unit and determining the signal type according to the algorithm of formation of the network, block firewall router builds routes between the means of telecommunication and data transmission� networks and radio stations, not connected to the means of data telecommunication network, selects necessary for routing the physical communication channel, transmits to the control unit the channel command to go to the selected physical communication channel and sends to the control unit channel data from network layer protocols and servers telecommunications system performing channel selection network layer and the parameters of the channel to send user data and sending this data to the block the firewall of the router.
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises forming a database of content units to a user or group of users, formed on a particular list and, based on the list, making a more precise calculation of the required channel resources in the system by building a queue of orders for rate reservation for each ordered content unit for each user or group of users; combining the same orders and multicasting the same custom content units to the user or group of users; carrying out automatic switching of the user access device to a content channel that has already broadcast a content unit in accordance with its request. The allocation of resources is also carried out through creating dynamic content feeds that include content units of duration T to be transmitted to groups of user access devices at certain time intervals.
EFFECT: high optimisation of broadband access channel resources.
17 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to database management and specifically to database applications for performing certain functions on databases. The technical result is achieved due to a database server application program which is provided such that it is configured to provide a programmable interface into a database application through uniform resource locators (URL) of database services. A database services URL used by the database application can be updated programmatically by program code executing within or under control of the database server application program. A macro action for use in conjunction with a database server application that provides functionality for displaying a database object, such as a form or report, locally in a Web browser is also described.
EFFECT: enabling users without a copy of the client database application to gain access and use the database application through a Web browser and a local or wide area network.
19 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a method of redirecting an Internet protocol (IP) packet in a network element and a network element for redirecting an IP packet through Ethernet segments. A network element comprises a virtual router, which connects at least two level 2 network segments to allow data transmission in between, wherein each level 2 network segment is connected to a corresponding I-SID value, wherein each network element is configured to receive, from the level 2 network segment, an Ethernet frame in which an IP packet is encapsulated, wherein the IP packet contains the IP address of the recipient, and the Ethernet frame contains the I-SID and MAC address of the recipient associated with the virtual router, and when the MAC address of the recipient in the received Ethernet frame is associated with the virtual router, perform at least one routing data stream processing in the encapsulated IP packet, wherein said routing data stream processing includes identification of the level 2 network segment associated with the IP address of the recipient in the IP packet, and direct the IP packet to the identified level 2 network segment in the Ethernet frame with the I-SID associated with the identified level 2 network segment.
EFFECT: optimising data routing in a network.
12 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to controlling transmission of data to medical devices. A system for controlling transmission of data to and/or from medical devices, wherein medical devices are divided into separate groups of at least one medical device in each case, wherein each group of medical devices at a first level of transmitting data via a first network is directly connected in each case to a communication device located at a second data transmission level for transmitting, storing and controlling data, and means are provided to facilitate communication between said communication devices with a common central server device located at a third data transmission level, for storing, controlling and transmitting data, wherein said means represent a second network which is independent and separated from the first network and which directly connects the communication device with the common central server device located at the third data transmission level.
EFFECT: providing continuous fail-proof data transmission between medical devices without data loss during transmission.
11 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: domain-wide unique node identifiers and unique service identifiers are distributed within a MPLS domain using a routing system LSA. Nodes on the MPLS network compute shortest path trees for each destination and install unicast forwarding state based on the calculated trees. Nodes also install multicast connectivity between nodes advertising common interest in a common service instance identifier. Instead of distributing labels to be used in connection with unicast and multicast connectivity, the nodes deterministically calculate the labels. Any number of label contexts may be calculated. The labels may either be domain-wide unique per unicast path or may be locally unique and deterministically calculated to provide forwarding context for the associated path. Multicast and unicast paths may be congruent, although this is not a requirement.
EFFECT: improved communication.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to connection processing systems and methods using a temporary port. The technical result is achieved using a proxy server which imitates a status from the server through changes in the states of the temporary port. The connection processing system using a temporary port comprises an application, an interception means, a connection establishing means and a remote server. The application initiates connection establishment with the remote server by sending network requests. The interception means intercepts network requests from the application to the remote server and initiates creation of a temporary port. The connection establishing means establishes a connection with the remote server after interception, creates a temporary port and imitates the status from the server by changing the state of the created temporary port. The remote server establishes a connection in response to the network requests.
EFFECT: enabling establishment or termination of a connection between an application and a remote server.
8 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods and apparatus for selecting a gateway in a wireless communication system. A method of selecting a gateway (GW) in a mobility management entity (MME) in a wireless communication system comprising steps of receiving a connection request message from a home evolved Node B (HeNB); determining if the connection request message includes a local gateway (L-GW) address; and if the connection request message includes a L-GW address, selecting a GW using the L-GW address.
EFFECT: efficient gateway search using core network equipment.
24 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic integration of a device into a network system so that a user does not have to tune or configure a new device. The method includes the following stages: a new device is detected for integration into a network system; a reference device of the network system is determined, and functional capabilities of the reference device are copied to the new device; at the same time the stage of detection of the new device for integration into the network system includes determination of new device capabilities, and the stage of determination of the reference device of the network system includes determination of the reference device of the network system with capabilities that are close to capabilities of the new device.
EFFECT: possibility to integrate a new device into a network system, without necessity for a user to interact with this system, due to procedure of automatic copying of functional capabilities of a device to a new device integrated into a network system.
9 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: private base station comprises: a processing unit configured to scan data of overlaying macro cells of a public radio network in order to report the location of the private base station; a communication device configured to request a connectivity service from the public radio network by using identification data of the private base station and the location of the private base station; and a communication device configured to receive grant to use the requested connectivity service once the identification data have been verified by the public radio network.
EFFECT: facilitating automatic configuration of private base stations in a public bearer network.
34 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises: devices which are connected to the same network and are allocated for the same limited space. A transmitting device is configured to transmit access information for devices in said limited space over a limited-range transmission channel different from the transmission channel(s) of the network control system. In this manner, which substantially limits reception of access information within said limited space, wherein said access information contains an access identifier for obtaining access for controlling one or more devices in said limited space. The transmitting device frequently changes the access identifier contained in the transmitted access information such that only receiving devices receiving an access identifier in the limited space may obtain access to devices in the limited space.
EFFECT: faster transmission of information within a network.
12 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: wireless interface technology.
SUBSTANCE: one protocol of network messaging is a control protocol for NDIS device. Also, multiple software products for operation in circuit-based, i.e. bus-connected, network, can also be used for any wireless Bluetooth network.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.
3 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: wireless communications.
SUBSTANCE: estimate of time needed for transfer and confirmation of receipt is synchronized by both sides of radio communication line protocol without necessity for three-side synchronization of communication establishing process usually necessary for said synchronization. Method includes procedures used by both sides of communication line to dynamically renew and correct their starting estimates of time needed for transfer and confirmation of receipt.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, broader functional capabilities.
7 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: computer science.
SUBSTANCE: device has programmable controller with software integrated in random-access and hard memory for functions of gathering and processing of information about peripheral devices of segment, buffer memory, output register, input register, clock generator, power block, buffer output cascade of force outputs ad buffer input cascade for inputs.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, broader functional capabilities.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: mobile communication systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method used for Internet protocol (IP) mobile centers in heterogeneous networks with real-time applications includes following procedures: module 134 designed for managing interfaces of mobile center 10 checks mobile center for available network interfaces 14 - 17, generates recoding table with available and configurable interfaces 14 - 17, and communicates with applications 11 of interfaces 14 - 17. Applications 11 of IP mobile center 10 are given access to heterogeneous networks through virtual network IP interface 133 organized in mobile center 10; this IP interface 133 communicates with current network 21 - 24 through interface management module 134. Changing interface 14 - 17 of mobile center 10 updates communications of IP permanent virtual network interface with network 21 - 24 basing on recoding table by means of interface management module 134.
EFFECT: ability of change-over from one network connection to other in heterogeneous networks without interrupting internet protocol applications.
16 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: engineering of telecommunication equipment.
SUBSTANCE: wireless initialization device is a system for administrating computer data traffic, capable of routing TCP/IP traffic with utilization of 2,4 GHz equipment. Aforementioned wireless initialization device, strategically, is subject to positioning in areas of logical segments of wireless network for facilitation of traffic administration. This device operates to provide for possible connection between wireless access points and main line. Device also may be positioned in client local network, providing possibility of access to global network. Wireless device has authentication means, maintaining operative connection with operation system. Wireless device is capable of filtering IP-addresses, controlling a firewall and/or router and/or bridge.
EFFECT: increased effective TCP/IP traffic capacity for global network or local network, at the same time, realization of safe administration and improved integrity.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: mobile electronic commerce.
SUBSTANCE: method includes receipt by operations execution system of request for operation from operation requester, and identification of operation requester. After identification of requester of operation, code of operation is transferred from operations executing system to wireless communication device of requester. After receiving operation code, operation code is optically scanned from video terminal of wireless communication device of requester by the system for executing operations.
EFFECT: improved comfort of commercial operations performed over wireless electronic commerce network while providing for safety of these.
5 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: systems and methods for advancing traffic streams with guaranteed quality of service in network.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method involves use of dispatch network resource managers to execute service function ensuring desired quality of service (QoS) similar to and separated from route choice function for IP bursts in Internet Protocol dispatch networks at transfer channel control level. Upon completion of route choice dispatch network resource managers control routers so as to enable traffic streams to run on the way assigned by resource manager in dispatch network with aid of multilayer label stack technology. Proposed system implements this method.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of system.
14 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: computer science, possible use for constructing multiple protected virtual networks.
SUBSTANCE: source IP packet of protected virtual network is encoded, network consisting of separately standing computers or portion of computers from local area network or computers of several local networks, output packet is formed including encoded packet (encapsulation), while at each computer, which can be utilized in several protected virtual networks, for each created protected virtual network separate long-term memory block is assigned, wherein separate operation system is recorded, adjusted for current virtual network, and access to long-term memory block and loading of operation system of each protected virtual network is performed after checking user rights, while access to memory blocks of each protected virtual network from other virtual networks is blocked by means of limiting access.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
2 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: technology for providing centralized remote control over digital television systems.
SUBSTANCE: interface of global WAN network is emulated for IP datagram over original remote interface of adapter and simple IP datagram transfer function is added between global WAN network interface and original Ethernet network interface in accordance to protocols stack. Therefore, system for controlling local network of digital television system performs IP connection to systems for controlling local area networks LANs of other digital television systems, then datagram is transformed to transport packets and transferred jointly with other transport packets via one and the same channel.
EFFECT: possible exchange of control data via network without mounting an additional commutation network.
9 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: mobile electronic commerce.
SUBSTANCE: method for realization of wireless operation includes placing an order for operation from wireless communication device to operation device and transfer of spoken operation authentication code from wireless communication device to operation device. After authentication of spoken authentication code wireless communication device receives code of operation. After receiving operation code, operation code is displayed on video terminal of wireless communication device and optically scanned from it for providing a legal commercial operation.
EFFECT: increase comfort of commercial operation in wireless electronic commerce network while providing for safety of said operations.
3 cl, 11 dwg