Coloured lighting system to act on perception of environmental temperature

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. A light control method involves stages at which there chosen based on a pre-determined criterion is a certain group among a variety of light colour groups; besides, the above light colour is distributed as to groups in compliance with a predominant wave length, where each group of colours is arranged so that it can have an effect on a vertebrate temperature regulation; a control signal is generated to control the predominant length of the wave of light emitted at least by one light source in compliance with the chosen group of colours; the generated control signal is transmitted at least to one above said light source so that at least one above said light source can emit light of the chosen group of colours, thus acting on the temperature regulation of the vertebrate subject to action of light of the chosen group of colours, which is emitted with at least one above said light source on the basis of the above said pre-determined criterion; and the control signal is transmitted to a climate control device, which indicates whether it is necessary to decrease or increase an output temperature of the climate control system depending on the chosen group of colours.

EFFECT: reduction of electric power consumption with heating and air conditioning systems.

15 cl, 4 dwg

 

DESCRIPTION

The technical field TO WHICH the INVENTION RELATES

The present invention relates to a method of influence on thermoregulation of the spinal and to the lighting device to perform the same task. The present invention also relates to a system for climate control.

The prior art of the PRESENT INVENTION

It is known that lighting is an important factor in the management of the environment in the room. Light facilitates perception, can create a pleasant atmosphere and provides a powerful stimulus to our biological clock, thus maintaining a healthy cycle of activity-sleep.

Circadian (24 hour) rhythm is accompanied by a 24-hour almost sinusoidal in shape changes in core body temperature (CBT) of the human body. Full amount of change in CBT is typically approximately 0.7 degrees Celsius. A minimum of CBT usually happens during the night, about 1-2 hours before spontaneous awakening. The darkness of the night is connected with the peak of secretion of the hormone melatonin. Melatonin increases associated with dark behavior, which for men means sleep. Sleep is associated with lower temperatures, whereas activity is associated with higher temperatures. The temperature difference between distal skin (hands, feet) and proximal skin (thigh, abdomen) can contribute to the beginning of the dream. �La rapid sleep onset significantly, for the body to generate heat through the distal areas of the skin, to be conditioned by the heat from the internal parts of the body in the environment, allowing internal body temperature to drop. This demonstrates that temperature regulation can be used as a means to control the sleepiness of the individual. Impact night light suppress nocturnal melatonin secretion, thereby affecting thermoregulation as the peak of melatonin are usually associated with the CBT minimum. Through effects on melatonin levels and moving the phase biorhythm light has indirect effects on thermoregulation.

Not so well known that light also has a direct impact on thermoregulation in humans. Exposure to bright light lowers the internal body temperature even during exercise. The higher color temperature light source, the stronger this effect, while at high values could be the saturation of this effect. The effect of lowered CBT exposed to bright light can last for several hours after exposure. Exposure to bright light for several hours during the day, as it turns out, lowers the CBT threshold, above which there is dilation of the subcutaneous blood vessels and sweating hands.

After exposure to bright light in t�over the course of a day weaker subjects felt cold during the cool days or evenings. This discovery indicates a lowering of the set points of the internal temperature of the body, caused by the influence of exposure to bright light during the day. Reduced installation point CBT also affects the blood flow in the skin. In cold external environment, skin blood flow must increase in order to accelerate heat loss, so that you can maintain a lower level of CBT.

Not only about the intensity of light it is known that she has a thermoregulatory effect, color temperature of the light can also be used for thermoregulation. When comparing 3000, 5000, and 7500 K lighting increase of rectal temperature immediately after a hot bath (40°C) will be greatest when lighting bathroom 3000 K, and a higher value was maintained after taking a bath. This is consistent with the observation that light of higher color temperature leading to a lower mounting point of the CBT. When a person takes a bath, skin blood flow should decrease to increased CBT due to absorption of heat from the bath was minimal. When the set point CBT reduced blood flow in the skin decreases, to minimize heating of the internal parts of the body. However, after exiting the hot water flow in human skin is increasing rapidly. This allows a person to get rid of excess heat, in such a way�m giving CBT a chance to drop to its installation point. Lower installation point CBT will enhance the blood flow in the skin after the bath, reducing the temperature drop of human skin after leaving the water.

In conclusion, we can say that the intensity and color temperature of lighting have a direct influence on thermoregulation of the spinal exposed to light. Research results show that the installation point of the internal body temperature decreases with the increase in the intensity and color temperature.

International patent application with publication number WO 2008/120127 reveals the overall system interaction and user interface to simulate and management of natural daylight, as for example, by modifying the attributes of artificial light during the day or other time periods, for example, in response to a control input device, such as arm, thumb, pointer and/or a switchable disk controllers with indicators. In more detail, WO 2008/120127, which belongs to the present applicant, discloses an interactive lighting control system, which includes the user interface is not necessarily connected to the processor. The processor is also connected to the memory and configured to receive user input data from the interface, and to control at least one light source in accordance with user input data received from the user interface) and/or after execution of pre-defined programs or scripts light stored in memory. Light scenarios include instructions to control the light sources to obtain a pre-defined static and/or dynamically changing illumination as a function of one or many factors, such as time of day, day of year, time of year, weather, etc., by modifying the attributes of light received from different light sources, such as intensity (i.e., the light attenuation function), color, hue, saturation, direction and the like. Thus, the system according to WO 2008/120127 facilitates the simulation of natural daylight and discussed above does not consider issues associated with thermoregulation.

Summary of the INVENTION

The aim of the present invention is a method and apparatus of lighting control for the effects on thermoregulation of the spinal.

This object is achieved by the present invention as defined by the independent claims. Preferred options for implementation are defined in dependent claims.

In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention provides a method of influence on thermoregulation of the spinal containing a selection step based on a predefined criterion of a certain group among many groups of color light. Color light� are divided into groups in accordance with a dominant wavelength of a certain color, where each color group organized to influence thermoregulation of the spinal certain way. In addition, the method includes the steps of generating a control signal for controlling the dominant wavelength of light emitted by the at least one light source, in accordance with the selected group of colors and transmit the generated control signal to the source(s) of light, to the source(s) of light emitted light of a selected group of colors, thereby influencing thermoregulation of the spinal exposed to light of the selected group of colors emitted by the source(s) of light on the basis of predefined criteria.

In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention proposes a lighting device for influencing thermoregulation of the spinal, and the specified device includes a processor and a transmitter. The processor is arranged to select, on the basis of predefined criteria, a specific group among many groups of color light. The color of the light are divided into groups in accordance with a dominant wavelength of the corresponding color, and each color group organized to influence thermoregulation of the spinal certain way. Proce�COP further configured to generate a control signal for controlling the dominant wavelength of light emitted by the at least one light source, in accordance with the selected color group. The transmitter is arranged to transmit the generated control signal to the source(s) of light, to the source(s) of light emitted light of a selected group of colors, thereby influencing thermoregulation of the spinal exposed to light of the selected group of colors emitted by the source(s) of light on the basis of predefined criteria.

In accordance with a third aspect of the present invention suggests a system of climate control, made with the possibility of connection with the lighting device according to the invention. This system includes a control unit climate, is arranged to respond to a control signal generated by the processor device, lighting control, and the characteristics of the flow coming from the device climate control, adjusted in accordance with a predefined criterion.

The basic idea of the present invention is the color distribution of light in groups in accordance with the color's dominant wavelength. Colors, creating a feeling of elevated ambient temperatures, are the colors between red and yellow (for example red, orange, yellow�o-orange, pure yellow) on the so-called color wheel; i.e., in units of the dominant wavelength λdcolor 576 nm <λd<700 nm. Colors, creating a feeling of lower ambient temperatures, are the colors between green and blue on the color wheel (e.g. green, blue); i.e., in units of the dominant wavelength λdcolor 460 nm <λd<520 nm. Thus, each group of flowers arranged to affect the human perception of the temperature of the environment in a certain way or actually affect physiological thermoregulation person. That is to be subjected to influence not only the perception of ambient temperature, but also the internal physiological process of the individual, because it may be under the influence of the internal body temperature of the individual. The color tone can be considered as the perceptual attribute, whereas the dominant wavelength is a physical counterpart.

After the distribution of colors on various groups of a certain group of colors may be selected based on a predefined criterion, and one criterion is that the person must perceive the ambient temperature as higher than it actually is, whereas another criterion may be that Cloverdale to perceive the ambient temperature as lower than they actually are. After that, generates a control signal for controlling the dominant wavelength of light emitted by the at least one light source, in accordance with the selected color group. Finally, the generated control signal is transmitted to a controlled source(s) of light, thereby affecting thermoregulation of the individual, of the affected source(s) of light on the basis of predefined criteria.

The present invention is useful as colored lighting is used to change the perception of ambient temperature by an individual, thus reducing the energy consumption of heating and air conditioning. The appliance and lighting control to change the color of light results in a flexible solution, because the device greatly simplifies the change of environment, which is perceived as warmer or colder than the actual room temperature. Obviously, this cannot be achieved so easily using conventional solutions such as painted walls. The present invention can be used for illumination of walls and/or ceilings, columns, etc. or create glowing walls, ceilings, floors, etc. the Intensity and/or color of the light can be adjusted, n�example, depending on the time of day or subjective perception, such as an individual the sensation of heat or cold.

In addition, in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention in order to successfully achieve a high or low perceived ambient temperature, the colors should have sufficient level of saturation. These levels are usually defined by the chromaticity diagram CIE 1931, which are known to those skilled in the art. In addition, the saturation level for the particular shade is also determined by the choice of the reference point white. The choice of the white point in the color system, equal to 6500 K (daylight), must be versatile choice, suitable for both warm and cool colors. It can also be used for ambient white lighting that is present in the interior space of the premises. Thus, when the color distribution of the light groups color saturation also mainly taken into account and the characteristics defined by the chromaticity diagram CIE 1931, can form the basis for allocating the color light groups. However, the perception of "warm" or "cold" shades can be strengthened also by the regulation of the color temperature of white light.

In an alternative embodiment of the perceived "warmth" of colors or shades can be strengthened through�Twomey regulation of the color temperature of the reference point white. Through the use of the color temperature of the white point below 3000 K can increase warmth in the sense that "warm" white point combines with the warm tones.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the lighting device is made with the possibility of connection with thermometer, giving the lighting device, the value of the ambient temperature, and ambient temperature by means that generates a predetermined criterion for light control. For example, on a summer day the room temperature is measured, proving equal to 25°C, and is sent back to the device. Alternatively (or additionally) the lowering of the temperature can be selected "cold" color of light, such as blue. People exposed to a light source will, therefore, perceive the ambient temperature as reduced.

In addition, the great advantage of this invention is that it is possible to reduce the consumption of energy management systems climate and/or heating, such as an air conditioner, because people perceive the ambient temperature as higher or lower, when it is exposed to light of a certain color. Thus, through effects on human�and light "warm" color, for example, red or yellow, it becomes possible to lower the temperature of the environment and, nevertheless, to preserve the person's perception of the ambient temperature as the same as it was before the actual downgrade. When human exposure to the light of cold color, the person will perceive the ambient temperature as colder, whereby there is less need for air conditioning systems. Therefore, there are great energy savings for heating and cooling systems.

In addition, a system of climate control, which can be connected with the previously described lighting device according to the invention and which additionally includes a control device for climate smart climate control. Thus, the lighting device according to the present invention connects to the device HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning), also called device control climate. In the system of climate control according to the invention the output of the HVAC device is sensitive to pre-specified criteria control the source(s) of light. For example, assuming that the color of the source(s) of light of the illumination system is adjusted in the direction of the red-yellow region�ti color scale, the output temperature of the system of climate control can be reduced, since a "warmer" color of light will lead to a higher perceived ambient temperature for humans. Or system settings, climate control, excellent temperature, such as, for example, humidity, air flow, cleanliness, etc. may be adjusted in response to a managed property of light. Thus, the unit of climate control is arranged to respond to a control signal generated by the processor device, lighting control, and the characteristics of the flow coming from the device climate control, adjusted in accordance with a predefined criterion light control.

Most commercially available HVAC systems optimal from the point of view of energy saving and they work quite well. However, their main drawback is that they are designed to operate in response to pure physical parameters such as temperature and/or humidity. Their weakness is that they don't use the perception of light in order to become more effective from the point of view of energy saving. In this particular system climate control the perception of light is taken into account when controlling the output device�TWA HVAC, that, in turn, makes possible a more rational energy consumption.

Used light sources can be any kind of LED, incandescent, halogen, fluorescent or metal halide lamps, etc. the Person on thermoregulation is influenced, may be exposed to more than one light source.

The scope of the present invention are numerous.

For example:

in offices or meeting rooms in order to reduce the energy costs for air conditioning or heating by applying respectively cold and warm colors on the walls or ceilings or floor or suspended decorative luminaires;

in supermarkets, in which the presence of fresh or chilled products. In winter you can use a lower ambient temperature, using warm colors to keep the comfort of buyers. This is useful because the products can be kept fresh longer, in particular fruits and vegetables that are not refrigerated. In addition, this leads to a reduction of consumption of energy intended for heating of premises of supermarkets. In addition, the energy consumption associated with cooling in refrigerators and freezers, can be reduced, since the temperature of the ambient�happening is lowered;

in supermarkets, in which there are other products. In summer you can use a higher ambient temperature, while using cool colors to keep the comfort of buyers. This is useful because the energy consumption associated with the use of air conditioning to cool the rooms, can be reduced;

in rooms in hotels, homes, nursing homes, hospital wards, schools, etc. in accordance with the principles of conservation of energy stated above.

It should be noted that the present invention relates to all possible combinations of the characteristics listed in the claims. Further characteristic features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent after studying the attached claims and the following description. Specialists in the art will realize that various characteristic features of the present invention can be combined to create embodiments of, other than what is described in the future.

BRIEF description of the DRAWINGS

These and other aspects of the present invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings showing one or more embodiments of the present invention.

Fig. 1 shows known)�MMU chromaticity CIE 1931.

Fig. 2 shows a lighting device in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention.

Fig. 3 shows a lighting device in accordance with another variant implementation of the present invention.

Fig. 4 demonstrates the system of climate control in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention, and the system of climate control uses the lighting device shown in Fig. 2 and 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Fig. 1 shows the well-known chromaticity diagram CIE 1931. This diagram represents all the colors visible to humans. Color approximately indicated by the marked areas shown in the form of the language area 1. Curvilinear boundary 2 having the form of a language region 1 corresponds to monochromatic light of wavelength specified in nanometers. Straight border 3 in the lower part having the shape of a language region 1 has no counterpart in monochromatic light. Less saturated colors are in the inner part of Fig. 1 with a plot of 10, representing white in the center. Other parts shown in Fig. 1 consist of section 12 for pink, plot 14 for green, plot 18 for blue, plot 25 for the red and the area 29 for yellow, as well as a number of additional plots for transient color�V. In a variant implementation of the present invention is the color of light placed in a group by using the properties of the chromaticity diagram CIE 1931. Colors, creating a feeling of elevated ambient temperatures, are the colors between red, i.e. a plot of 25, and yellow, i.e., plot 29 (for example, red, orange, yellow-orange, pure yellow) on the so-called color wheel; i.e., in units of the dominant wavelength λdcolor 576 nm <λd<700 nm. Colors, creating a feeling of lower ambient temperatures, are the colors between green, i.e. a plot of 14, and blue, i.e. a plot of 18, on the color wheel (e.g. green, blue); i.e., in units of the dominant wavelength λdcolor 460 nm <λd<520 nm.

In addition, in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention, in order to successfully achieve a high or low perceived ambient temperature, the colors should have sufficient level of saturation. These levels are usually defined by the chromaticity diagram CIE 1931, shown in Fig. 1. In addition, the saturation level for the particular shade is also determined by the choice of the reference point white. The choice of the white point in the color system at 6500 K (daylight) must be versatile choice, suitable for both warm and cold color�. It can also be used for ambient white lighting that is present in the interior space of the premises. Thus, when the color distribution of the light groups color saturation also mainly taken into account. However, the perception of "warm" or "cold" shades can be strengthened also by the regulation of the color temperature of white light. So the diagram in Fig. 1 is used to determine the range of the saturation level of each color segment of the color can be classified as "red", "orange", "blue", etc. in addition, it should be noted that the saturation level for the particular shade is additionally determined by the choice of the reference point white:

to provide a "warm" colors along the line through the given point and white rich shade on the boundary of the color space CIE 1931, the color temperature of the reference point white should preferably be 6500 K (daylight) or below,

to provide a "cold" color along the line through the given point and white rich shade on the boundary of the color space CIE 1931, the color temperature of the reference point white should preferably be 6500 K (daylight) or higher.

The choice of the white point in the color chart, as well� 6500 K (daylight), must be versatile choice, suitable for both warm and cool colors. The white point can also be used for ambient white lighting that is present in the interior space of the premises, which are used in the lighting device according to the invention.

Fig. 2 shows a variant implementation of the device 100 lighting control in accordance with the present invention. The person 102 is exposed to light from several sources 101 light, emitting light with a certain characteristic. Depending on the effect to be achieved, choose a specific group of a plurality of groups of color light. Classified groups can be stored in memory 103, a built-in control device 100. Or of the group remain remotely and the device receives the selected group via the Internet or wireless connection. In the assumption that the predetermined criterion is that the person must perceive the ambient temperature as a cold, may be chosen from the group containing a bluish color with a wavelength of approximately 470 nm. After that, the control signal is generated by the processor 104 to control the wavelength of the light emitted by the source 101 of the light in accordance with the selected (blue) group.The control signal is transmitted by transmitter 105, built-in lighting device, via the wiring 106, so that the light sources emit light of a color corresponding to the selected wavelength, thereby influencing thermoregulation affected person 102 in the desired direction.

In a specific embodiment, the person can provide the device 100 lighting control subjective measure of the feeling, such as "I feel cold", for example using a keypad (not shown) connected to the device.

Fig. 3 illustrates the device 200 lighting control in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention. Thermometer 206 is connected to the device 200 lighting control to provide the device with the measured values of the ambient temperature. thermometer may be a conventional thermometer attached to the wall of the room, exposed sources of light 201, or otherwise may be embodied in the form of a sensor attached to the person 202 to measure the ambient temperature and for wireless transmission of the measured value of the lighting device. Again in accordance with a predefined criterion to choose the color group of the plurality of groups. For example, the ambient temperature, is equal�th 17-19°C, the criteria can be that the person must perceive the temperature as significantly warmer that requires color selection (red) with a dominant wavelength equal to, for example, 670 nm, whereas for the ambient temperature equal to 19-21°C, the criterion may be that the person must perceive the temperature as slightly cooler air, and that requires choice of color (orange) with a dominant wavelength equal to, for example, 590 nm. For the ambient temperature equal to 21-23°C, the criterion may be that the person must perceive the temperature as neutral, which requires the selection of a color (yellowish-green) with a dominant wavelength equal to 550 nm (or possibly off the light). On the other hand, for ambient temperature equal to 23-25°C, the criterion may be that the person must perceive the temperature as slightly cooler air that requires color selection (green) with a dominant wavelength equal to, for example, 510 nm, whereas for the ambient temperature equal to 25-27°C, the criterion may be that the person must perceive the temperature as significantly colder, which requires color selection (blue) with a dominant wavelength equal to, for example, 460 nm.

Thus, the processor 204 selects a color group, taking into account the criterion that must be met, and GE�uriroot control signal for controlling the wavelength of light, emitted by the source 201 of the light according to the selected color group. The control signal is transmitted wirelessly by the transmitter 205 is integrated in the lighting device, so that the light sources emit light of a color corresponding to the selected wavelength, thereby influencing thermoregulation affected person 202 accordingly. The sensor 206 in Fig.3 may, for example, be implemented in the form of a bracelet, possibly connected to the device for exercise, such as watch with pulse meter. Instead of using the transmitter device 200 lighting control may contain a transceiver capable of receiving appropriate signals from the temperature sensor 206, and to transmit control signals to the sources of light 201.

Fig. 4 demonstrates the system of climate control in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention, with a system of climate control can be connected with the lighting device shown in Fig. 2 and 3. In the system of climate control, shown in Fig. 4, the lighting device depicted in Fig. 2 and 3, is connected to the climate control. The device 300 lighting control communicates with a number of light sources 301, emitting light with a certain character�greater, under the influence of which is 302 people. Depending on the achieved effect is a specific group of the plurality of groups of color light selected from the memory 303. In the assumption that the predetermined criterion is that the person must perceive the ambient temperature as warm, may be chosen from the group containing yellow color with a wavelength of approximately 575 nm. After that, the control signal is generated by the processor 304 to control the wavelength of light emitted from the light sources 301, in accordance with the selected (yellow) group. The control signal is transmitted wirelessly by the transmitter 305, so that the light sources emit light of a color corresponding to the selected wavelength, thereby influencing thermoregulation affected person 302 in the desired direction. In this particular example, the light source 301 to emit yellow light, through this 302 forcing people to perceive the ambient temperature as warmer.

In this regard, the transmitter 305 wirelessly transmits the control signal to the device 307 climate control, in order to reduce the heat of exhaust air. In the case where the device 307 climate control is included with the device 300 lighting control, control�, most of the signal does not transmit through the wireless interface, because the device 307 climate control in this case, as a rule, contained in the same housing as the device 300 of lighting control. Thus, when choosing the "warm" colors, the effects of which man is exposed, people perceive the ambient temperature as constant, despite the fact that the temperature of the heat dissipated by the device climate control, decreased. Therefore, there can be obtained the energy savings.

The climate may include a user interface through which the user can program the desired parameters of climate, such as the desired set temperature of 20°C. in addition, the device of climate control may include a control algorithm that will manage deviations from the temperature set by the user, by automatically lowering the set temperature of the exhaust air, when heated, or increase the set temperature of the exhaust air, when the cooling of the conditioned air, while is compensated for the deviation by adjusting the controller of the color of light emitted by the light sources.

Shows the device control lighting and climate control systems typically include one or�how many microprocessors, or any other device with computing capability, for example, a specialized integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate arrays (FPGA), complex programmable logic integrated circuit (CPLD), etc., in order to manipulate the properties of light sources and output devices climate control, while performing the appropriate downloadable software stored in a suitable memory, such as RAM, flash memory or hard disk. To possible internal communication, proposes interfaces for wireless communications.

Specialist in the art should be understood that the present invention is in no way limited to the preferred variants of the implementation described above. On the contrary, numerous possible modifications and variations within the scope of the attached claims of the invention. For example, the lighting device can be implemented in many different ways, for example as a standalone lighting device, in a personal headgear, visor vanity vehicle, a pair of glasses on the frame of the PC monitor or in the General lighting system, etc. Other implementations may be based on connecting devices lighting control with backlighting, which is part of the LCD display.

1. A method of controlling a lighting that contains e�UPS, in which:
choose, on the basis of predefined criteria, a specific group among many groups of color light, and a specified color of light are divided into groups in accordance with a dominant wavelength of each color group organized to influence thermoregulation of the spinal certain way;
generate a control signal for controlling the dominant wavelength of light emitted by the at least one light source, in accordance with the selected group of colors;
transmit the generated control signal to said at least one light source to said at least one light source emitted light of a selected group of colors, thereby influencing thermoregulation of the spinal exposed to light of the selected group of colors emitted by the specified at least one light source, based on a specified pre-defined criterion; and
transmit a control signal to the control unit climate, made with the ability to manage the climate control systems, and the control signal indicates whether to increase or decrease the output of the temperature control system climate, depending on selected color group.

2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the pre�relatively certain criterion is what vertebrate must perceive the ambient temperature as higher, which select a group of colors with a dominant wavelength in the range of approximately 576-700 nm.

3. A method according to claim 1, wherein the predefined criterion is that the vertebrate must perceive the ambient temperature as lower, which select a group of colors with a dominant wavelength in the range of approximately 460-520 nm.

4. A method according to any one of claims. 1 to 3, additionally containing a stage, on which:
take into account the color saturation and/or color temperature in the color distribution of light in groups.

5. A method according to any one of claims. 1-3, in which the characteristics defined by the chromaticity diagram CIE 1931, form the basis for the distribution of the color light groups.

6. A method according to claim 5, in which the point of the reference white chromaticity diagram CIE 1931 set to have a color temperature of approximately 6500 ° K or 3000 K.

7. The device (100) for controlling lighting including:
the processor (104);
the transmitter (105);
moreover, the specified processor is made with the possibility
to choose on the basis of predefined criteria specific group among many groups of color light, and a specified color of light are divided into groups in accordance with Domini�following wavelength, where each color group organized to influence thermoregulation of the spinal (102) in a certain way;
and the said processor is additionally configured to
to generate a control signal for controlling the dominant wavelength of light emitted by the at least one source (101) of the light in accordance with a selected group of colors; and a transmitter configured to
to transfer the generated control signal to said at least one light source to said at least one light source emitted light of a selected group of colors, thereby influencing thermoregulation of the spinal exposed to light of the selected group of colors emitted by the specified at least one light source, based on a specified pre-defined criterion, and
to transmit a control signal to the control unit climate, made with the ability to manage the climate control systems, and the control signal indicates whether to increase or decrease the output of the temperature control system climate, depending on selected color group.

8. The lighting device according to claim 7, in which the control signal indicates that:
output temperature control system climate �Udet is lowered, when a predetermined criterion is to reduce the energy consumption for heating in the system of climate control, this criterion selects the group of colors with a dominant wavelength in the range of approximately 576-700 nm; or
the output temperature of the system of climate control will be enhanced when a predetermined criterion is to reduce the energy consumption for cooling in the system of climate control, this criterion selects the group of colors with a dominant wavelength in the range of approximately 460-520 nm.

9. The device (100) for controlling lighting according to any one of claims. 7 or 8, further comprising:
memory (103), configured to store a specified set of groups of color light.

10. The device (100) for controlling lighting according to any one of claims. 7 or 8, further comprising:
a user interface through which may be inserted a predetermined criterion.

11. The device (100) for controlling lighting according to any one of claims. 7 or 8, further comprising:
said at least one source (101) of the light to control them.

12. The device (200) control of lighting according to any one of claims. 7 or 8, additionally made with the possibility of connection with:
thermometer (206), is arranged to provide mouth�oistu lighting control temperature value of the environment, the given measured temperature of the environment determines a pre-defined criterion for the application.

13. The device (100) of lighting control, including:
the receiver is arranged to receive a signal from the control unit climate, made with the ability to manage the climate control systems;
the processor (104);
the transmitter (105);
moreover, the specified processor is made with the possibility
to choose on the basis of predefined criteria and a received signal of a specific group among many groups of color light, and a specified color of light are divided into groups in accordance with a dominant wavelength of each color group organized to influence thermoregulation of the spinal (102) in a certain way; and the said processor is additionally configured to
to generate a control signal for controlling the dominant wavelength of light emitted by the at least one source (101) of the light in accordance with a selected group of colors;
wherein the transmitter is arranged to transmit the generated control signal to said at least one light source to said at least one light source emitted light of a selected group of colors, through this in�deistvuya on thermoregulation of the spinal, exposed to light of the selected group of colors emitted by the specified at least one light source.

14. System climate control, made with the possibility of connection with the device (300) of controlling lighting according to claim 7 or 13, wherein said system further includes: a device (307) climate control, performed with the opportunity to respond to the control signal generated by the processor (304) of the control device of the lighting, and the characteristics of the flow coming from the device climate control, adjusted in accordance with a predefined criterion.

15. Machine-readable media containing executable computer commands to instruct the computer to perform the steps listed in any one of claims. 1-6, when the computer executable commands are executed by the data processing unit, which is part of the computer.



 

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13 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: physics, control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environment programme control and specifically lighting, audio, video, odour scenes or any combination thereof via a user interface for easy selection of an environment programme. An environment programme control system (10) comprises a remotely accessed server (12) which stores an environment programme and a client controller (16) of an environment creation system for providing a user interface for selecting an environment programme. The environment programme control system comprises a remote control client (14) for providing a user interface for controlling the environment programmes stored by the server. The server (12) is configured to execute an environment control programme which is configured to remotely display on the remote control client available environment programmes stored by the server, and enable remote control of access to the available environment programmes for loading by client controllers of the environment creation system.

EFFECT: providing centralised environment programme control along with the capacity to interactively select an environment programme to be activated locally using an environment creation system.

11 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electronic engineering. The electronic system comprises at least a basic component, a power supply and at least one electronic unit configured to be powered by the power supply. The basic component is provided with at least two parallel extended electroconductive guides. At least one parameter of the electronic unit can be varied by varying the distance from the electronic unit to a predetermined position on the guides.

EFFECT: easier control of a parameter of the electronic unit.

12 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Configuration of lighting for representation of the first object contains the directed lighting assembly and decorative lighting assembly. The directed lighting assembly is designed with a possibility to provide lighting of the first object, has at least one directed lighting characteristic and contains at least one directed lighting generation device. The decorative lighting assembly is designed with a possibility to provide background lighting of the first object, has at least one decorative lighting characteristic and contains at least one decorative lighting generation device. The configuration also contains at least one sensor designed with a possibility to detect a distance between the sensor and the second object and to generate the value of a distance signal, and the controller designed with a possibility to accept a signal value from at least one sensor and to match the directed lighting characteristic and the decorative lighting characteristic on the basis of the signal value.

EFFECT: increase of lighting dynamism.

15 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to control of the lighting system with a variety of light sources, in particular, to semiautomatic bringing into service of light sources in the lighting system. The main idea of the invention consists in usage of spatial light coding to control the lighting system, in particular, to bring its light sources into operation instead or in addition to temporary light coding applied in the known state of the art. Embodiment of the invention is related to the system for control of the lighting system comprising a variety of light sources, which includes the lighting system controller to control light sources wherein spatial pattern of lighting is generated, which codes one or several attributes of the light sources, and a device for light pattern to receive the generated spatial light pattern and to interact with the lighting system controller in order to ensure control of one or several light sources based on the received spatial light pattern. Spatial coding is particularly suited for wall-mounted light sources and it facilitates the personnel during brining the wall-mounted light sources of the lighting system into service.

EFFECT: control simplification for generation of lighting scenes by means of the lighting system.

14 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: physics, control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of selecting at least one of a plurality of controlled devices, wherein each of the controlled devices is capable of transmitting a detectable signal. The method comprises steps of: receiving signals from a plurality of controlled devices through a plurality of receiving modules contained in the controlled device, where each receiving module separately detects signal contribution; determining the width and angle of incidence for each of the signals using correlation between different signal contributions; comparing the width and angle of incidence for each of the signals with a set of predetermined criteria and selecting at least one of the plurality of controlled devices best corresponding to the set of predetermined criteria.

EFFECT: enabling selection of a controlled device from a plurality of controlled devices by determining the width and angle of incidence of the signal emitted by said devices.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic integration of a device into a network system so that a user does not have to tune or configure a new device. The method includes the following stages: a new device is detected for integration into a network system; a reference device of the network system is determined, and functional capabilities of the reference device are copied to the new device; at the same time the stage of detection of the new device for integration into the network system includes determination of new device capabilities, and the stage of determination of the reference device of the network system includes determination of the reference device of the network system with capabilities that are close to capabilities of the new device.

EFFECT: possibility to integrate a new device into a network system, without necessity for a user to interact with this system, due to procedure of automatic copying of functional capabilities of a device to a new device integrated into a network system.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. An excitation circuit of LED with adjustable brightness includes a resonant DC/DC converter connected to a resonant circuit. The converter includes a half-wave or double-wave switching circuit connected to the resonant circuit. An output signal of the resonant circuit is rectified and supplied to an output circuit. The output circuit can contain at least one series or shunting LED switch for switching on and off a LED unit. The control circuit controls switches of the switching circuit with a variable switching frequency and is configured to control the switching circuit for amplitude modulation of the converter and for pulse-width modulation of the converter with the first frequency of pulse-width modulation that is lower than the switching frequency. The control circuit can be additionally configured to control switching of the LED switch with the second frequency of pulse-width modulation that is lower than the switching frequency.

EFFECT: providing deep brightness adjustment with stable control of a working cycle of pulse-width modulation.

10 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: suggested invention refers to the sphere of artificial lighting control and regulation using powerful light-emitting diodes (LEDs) supplied from external direct current sources. Technical result consists in increase of LEDs service life and accuracy of current regulation due to regulation against average current, and it is attained due to generation of a pulse-width modulated signal controlling the built-in transistor switch by integration of a signal from the current sensor and its comparison with synchronous saw-tooth voltage, wherein RS-trigger, logic elements and a source of reference thermostable voltage is used in order to ensure protection from reduction of input voltage, short-circuiting current and overheating of the elements. The device checking has been made by simulation modelling in OrCAD environment and by experimental measurements. Results of the investigations demonstrated that the suggested device allows increase in current stabilisation accuracy up to 3%, linearity of specifications and reproducibility of the current source for LEDs, usage of lower inductances (50-500 mcH) and ability of dimming by external signal. In case of breakdown of one of light emitters the remaining LEDs will continue functioning with the specific current value.

EFFECT: advantage of this device is high current stability, which prevents overloading of any LED in a succession and ensures large service life.

6 dwg

Light diode lamp // 2248107

FIELD: engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has block for connection to AC current source, converter for forming a DC current source and light diode group, consisting of multiple light diodes. Light diode group is provided with block for prior telling of service duration, including counter for measuring power-on period on basis of frequency of AC current source, integration device for power feeding, which is measured by counter, and for recording integrated value in energy-independent memory device and device for controlling power feeding mode for controlling light level of diodes in different modes, including normal lighting modes. Prior messaging block is meant for integration of power-on period for output of forwarding message, indicating approach of service duration end.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; railway traffic control light signals.

SUBSTANCE: proposed controlled light-emitting diode light signal contains N transformers whose primary windings are connected in series aiding and connected to supply source through contact of signal relay and power electrodes of transistor, and each of N secondary windings of transformers is connected through protective diodes with corresponding group of light-emitting diodes consisting of K light-emitting diodes connected in series aiding. Each of K x N light-emitting diodes of groups is optically coupled with each of parallel connected K x N photoresistors. Light signal contains resistor and comparator circuit where first point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistors is connected to point of connection of contact of signal relay and transformer, and second point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistor is connected to first output of resistor and input of comparator circuit. Comparator circuit consists of differential amplifier whose first input is connected with common contact of voltage drop relay, its front and resting contacts are connected to first and second sources of reference voltage, respectively, second input of differential amplifier being input of comparator circuit whose output connected to control input of pulse generator being output of differential amplifier. Second output of resistor is connected with point of connection of one of power electrodes of transistor and supply source. Invention makes it possible to control brightness of light-emitting diodes and stabilize radiation, and it provides possibility of double reduction of voltage and blackout.

EFFECT: provision of reliable control of light signal.

1 dwg

FIELD: municipal equipment of residential houses and industrial buildings, namely automatic systems for controlling electric parameters, namely apparatuses for automatic control of different-designation illuminating devices.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes primary pulse-type photo-converter with built-in photo detector forming output pulse-width modulated information signal; secondary converter including micro-controller, shaping amplifier, switch, display module, power unit, inductor, unit for controlling illumination, switching controller of power supply of mains. Secondary converter includes in addition real-time clock and standby power source. Primary pulse-type photo-converter is connected with secondary converter by means of two-wire line that is connected with inlet of shaping amplifier and first terminal of inductor at one side and outlet of primary pulse type converter at other side. Outlet of shaping amplifier is connected with first inlet of micro-controller whose second inlet is connected with switch. Third inlet of micro-controller is connected with outlet of real-time clock. First outlet of micro-controller is connected with first inlet of power unit. Second outlet of micro-controller is connected with inlet of display module. Inlet of illumination control module is connected with third outlet of micro-controller. AC supply mains is connected with second inlet of power unit whose first outlet is connected with second terminal of inductor. Second outlet of power unit is connected with inlet of standby power source whose outlet is connected with respective inlet of real time clock. Outlet of illumination control unit is connected with connected in parallel first inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. AC mains is connected with second (connected in parallel) inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. Connected in parallel outlets of said switching controllers through load (illuminating lamps) are connected with zero wire of AC mains.

EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability and safety of apparatus.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; starting and operating circuits for gas-discharge lamps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device designed for use in gas-discharge lamps of high starting voltage amounting to about 4 kV, such as high-pressure sodium vapor lamps, xenon and metal halide lamps that enables starting two lamps at a time from ac 220 V supply mains has dc current supply whose output is connected through series-interconnected converter and rectifier to input of inverter whose common input is connected to common inputs of inverter and rectifier and output, to its inverting output through two series-connected lamps; novelty is introduction of two voltage sensors, current sensor, second inverter, voltage multiplier, switch, capacitor, two delay circuits, OR circuit and NAND circuit; common output of dc current supply is connected to common inputs of two voltage sensors, multiplier, and through current sensor, to common inputs of converter and switch; output of dc current supply is connected to input of second inverter whose output is connected through multiplier to midpoint of two lamps and to capacitor electrode, other electrode of capacitor being connected to input of inverter; output of first voltage sensor is connected to input of NAND circuit and to input of first delay circuit whose inverting output is connected to input of OR circuit whose other input is connected to output of second voltage sensor and output, to clear inputs of converter and inverter, to control input of switch, and to input of second delay circuit whose output is connected to other input of NAND circuit; output of the latter is connected to clear input of second inverter; switch input is connected to rectifier output and current sensor output is connected to control input of converter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency, service life, power factor, and light stability; reduced power requirement.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: lighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.

EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.

20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally has digital counters and comparators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes band filters, included in each light source between output of controlled modulator and transformer control circuit, and amplitude modulator, connected along control chain to adjustable generator and connected between power source and light source.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, emergency lighting equipment for industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes delay circuits and pulse generators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of devices for controlling electric light sources, in particular, lighting or illumination systems, which use light diodes in their construction.

SUBSTANCE: by means of personal computer, using specialized graphic software, a frame of required light diode illumination is formed. By means of color pattern, each imitator of light diode module is colored. After forming of one frame, other frames are formed, which require to be colored in similar way. Number of frames is determined by given model of illumination. As a result, animated cinematic is produced, which reflects appearance of illumination model. After that, programmed model is transferred to flash memory of controller through RS-485 interface port. Then, controller outputs aforementioned data into loop line with light diode modules.

EFFECT: using device for decorative or primary lighting of architectural objects makes possible fast generation of complicated and various models and types of illumination and backlight, with possible control over each module.

2 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: technology for providing power to auxiliary devices of a light.

SUBSTANCE: power of one or several auxiliary devices 26 of light is extracted from lamp power impulse series, fed by phase light controller 28. Direct current power block 44 is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to produce and store direct current energy for powering auxiliary devices. Controller 48 of lamp is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to transfer power of power impulses to lamp 24. Lamp controller 48 has adjustable impulse transfer characteristic for powering the lamp not to interfere with its operation due to alterations to power consumed by auxiliary devices. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic may be provided with switching device 76, which either interrupts or blocks selected parts of lamp power impulses. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic maintains constant apparent brightness of lamp, independently on changes of power consumption by auxiliary devices. In disabled state or in preliminary heating mode transfer of power to lamp 24 is decreased to avoid emission of visible light. In full brightness mode lamp power impulses are practically left unchanged by lamp controller 48.

EFFECT: provision of power to auxiliary devices without using auxiliary force cables and without interfering with operation of light.

3 cl, 16 dwg

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