Method of evacuation of categories of citizens with limited mobility from low-level buildings of social protection of population
FIELD: fire safety.
SUBSTANCE: invention is based on the use of special fold-out wall sections of the building to form evacuation descents from the building. The sections are folded-out by individual drives of the automatic control system on preliminary prepared stationary earthen cushions comparable in height to the level of the surrounding earth surface, and the command to their folding-out is issued automatically when exceeding the level of smoke above the determined.
EFFECT: development of a method of rapid evacuation of categories of citizens with limited mobility from low-level buildings without waiting for arrival of rescue workers, and with simplified access of fire-fighters to the burning building.
5 cl, 2 dwg
The invention relates to the field of fire safety and is intended for rapid evacuation of citizens from low-altitude (up to two storeys) buildings at fires and other emergencies. Appropriate use of the invention in medical and social institutions with the presence of people with limited mobility.
Fires in the residential sector and public buildings cause significant property damage, result in injury and loss of life. Especially dangerous fires in buildings, where the category of people with disabilities: neurologic clinics, nursing homes, medical hospitals for various purposes. the Main cause of death in this case is the inability of their rapid evacuation from the fire area.
Various methods of evacuation of people from buildings involving the use of various technical rescue devices: devices rescue bag, rope lowering devices, mounted a rescue ladders, rescue ladders (chutes), pneumatic rescue mats, stretch rescue canvases  and their improved counterparts: mobile units for evacuation of people from buildings , mobile ladder , ladders with equipment for evacuation , lifts for emergency evacuation , cluster set�TBA emergency evacuation . The methods involve the evacuation of people only through the existing openings of the building - Windows, doors, stairs, prove difficult to use for people with disabilities categories of citizens and impossible to use when you cut off the fire escape routes. Implementation of fire safety requirements in buildings intended for social protection of the population, however, does not provide the possibility of evacuation of citizens during set time intervals.
Known window opening for evacuation , which is the sash that pivots outward to a horizontal position, and the ropes holding them in a horizontal position and placed on the sash attachment means for vertical evacuation from the valves. The disadvantage of this device is the impossibility of its use for the evacuation of mobility-impaired citizens.
A device for the evacuation of people with physical disabilities the stairs , involving the use for this purpose wheeled means of transport, moving down the ramp from the top to the bottom of the stairs. The disadvantage of this device is associated with the need to transport people with disabilities to the stairs, is equipped with a device, and the impossibility of simultaneously�about using the device several evacuees.
The analysis of the prior art did not reveal the closest equivalent, but the famous "taken as a prototype method of increasing safety of buildings through the use of wall for easy discharged panels , when the vent panel is lifted a certain part of the outer fence of the building. However, this method is implemented only in the event of overpressure inside the premises and does not allow to use it in a fire.
The relevance of the invention consists in the necessity of fire safety of mobility-impaired citizens.
The object of the invention is to provide a method of rapid evacuation of disabled citizens from low-altitude buildings of social protection of the population without waiting for the arrival of rescuers and simplified access of firefighters into a burning building.
The technical result is to simplify and accelerate the process of evacuating people from a burning home in the building.
Method of evacuation is based on a special fold-out wall sections of the house for the education of emergency descents from the premises of the building, while the sections are arranged by individual actuators (hydraulic, electric, pneumatic, etc.) of the automatic control system, and the team on their unfolding is fed automatically when s�evidenee level of smoke above the set. Folding wall sections are formed as one (for the first floor of the building) or multiple panels folded together (for the second floor of the building), pivotally interconnected and the inner panel is in its lower area with a floor respective floor. The fastening sections can be performed similar fastening legkousvaivaemyh sandwich panels  associated with the building frame using a mounting seams with steam insulating and insulating material and waterproofing tapes, wherein wall sections of the first and second floors go down on a prearranged fixed soil cushion, the height is comparable to the level of the surrounding ground surface.
The result of the invention is achieved as follows. In case of fire and you receive the command from the remote control folding wall sections are transformed into evacuation descent from the building. The sequencing of the transformation of sections of the first and second floors (for two-panel sections) shown in Fig.1 and Fig.2, respectively. When using a two-panel folding wall sections of the second floor is the angle of makespace will be α=30° (see Fig.2):
and to reduce the angle of the number of panels in the section should be increased.
Sources of information
1. St�d rules. Personal protection and rescue in case of fire. The rules and regulations of the placement and application. - M., 2009.
2. Tarasov Y. D. Mobile complex for the evacuation of people from buildings // EN 2411051. - 2011.
3. Emelyanov E. A. Sochnev M. E. Mobile ladder to equip fire and rescue units // EN 116051. - 2012.
4. The Akatiev V. A., Bezzubenkov D. N., Egorov S. A., etc. the ladder truck // EN 120128. - 2012.
5. Moiseenko, V. I., Moiseenko E. G. Lifts for emergency evacuation from high-rise buildings // EN 134917. - 2013.
6. Popov V. V. Cluster emergency evacuation device // EN 2424017. - 2011.
7. The Akatiev V. A., Ovsyanik P. A., Prilutsky R.N. etc. the Window opening of the building // EN 118674. - 2012.
8. Remennikov O. S. Device for the evacuation of people with physical disabilities the stairs // EN 116048. - 2012.
9. G. G. Orlov Legkoperevarimye design for explosion protection of industrial buildings. - M.: Stroiizdat, 1987.
10. Stolba V. L. Legkousvaivaemyh cladding explosive areas // EN 119780. - 2012.
1. Method of evacuation of mobility-impaired citizens from low-altitude buildings, based on a special fold-out wall sections of the house, characterized in that during the unfolding of the sections are formed of emergency descents for evacuation and access of fire in the building.
2. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that relativisation section is made in the form of one (for the first floor of the building) or multiple panels folded together (for the second floor of the building), pivotally interconnected and the inner panel is in its lower area with a floor respective floor.
3. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the folding wall sections of the house occurs through the individual actuators of the automatic control system.
4. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the command the unfolding of wall sections of the house are served automatically by exceeding the level of smoke above the set.
5. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the wall sections of the first and second floors go down on a prearranged fixed soil cushion, the height is comparable to the level of the surrounding ground surface.
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a belay device for controlling and blocking the rope moving inside it. The belay device for blocking the rope comprises a main housing made of two flat plates arranged opposite each other in parallel planes and connected to each other by means of several fastening elements, a rope intended for insertion inside the housing between two plates, a snaphook, at that the device has an opening for attachment to the device housing of the snaphook by passing it through the opening, characterised in that the snaphook is attachable to the user and is made with the ability to move along the opening between the positions non-blocking and blocking the rope and vice versa, at that the movement of the snaphook in the blocking position occurs due to the tension of the rope.
EFFECT: present invention is directed to improvement of reliability and safety.
11 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the means which enable people to escape or draw attention to themselves when in contact with the snow avalanche. The device for self-escaping of people in the snow avalanche comprises an avalanche cord, a signal cartridge and a parachute. At that the signal cartridge, the parachute and the avalanche cord are connected in series with each other.
EFFECT: invention is directed at the salvation of a person when in contact with an avalanche by preventing its covering with the avalanche material - snow, ice, and removal of a person out of the avalanche flow to the surface of the snowdrift.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for chuting people and cargo under action of gravity, in particular to life saving equipment for self-evacuation during fires and for descending mountain-rescue men and spidermen. Device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes includes body, flexible load carrier made as resilient steel band placed on drum, movable and immovable pins between which the load carrier is moved. According to the invention the device contains speed limiter located between two immovable pins and consisting of plank set on axis, right and left pins located on the plank at different sides from axis, rod with piston which rod is shifted down by left pin, spring squeezed by piston and bolt serving to adjust spring flexibility. To stabilise speed the device additionally contains a gear set transmitting rotation from drum to gear wheel interacting via balancer axis with pendulum and pendulum weight, herewith the balancer can also be of spring type.
EFFECT: improved safety of device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes at constant speed in automatic braking mode.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: this device comprises the following components: cylinder body, plunger reciprocating therein and including piston rod extending inside cylinder body to make the cylinder with body, mechanical extending assembly with at least one element of the set composed by cylinder, rod and lock with individual drive at assembly for mechanical setting of design length of the device required for application of the cylinder.
EFFECT: perfected design.
19 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: each passenger and crew member is supplied with short-term exposure self-contained breathing apparatus, which are located at the place of location of the passenger or crew member, the pneumatic circuit is mounted along the deck handrails with the compressed air; the branch pipes of the pneumatic circuit with pneumatic valves are made at each output gate; the wardrobes with cocoon-overalls are mounted at the latter; in case of a sudden sinking of watercraft every citizen, using the breathing apparatus, gets to the nearest wardrobe with cocoon-overalls and puts it on himself, as well as on the child, if any; opens the gate; attaches the trunk of the cocoon-overall to the branch pipes of the pneumatic circuit and switches on the pneumatic valve; the cocoon-overall is filled with compressed air and by comparing the pressure in it and in the pneumatic circuit it unlocks the trunk of the cocoon-overall, and the latter with the fleeing citizen flows to the surface of the water reservoir, where remains afloat until his radio beacon is heard by rescuers and the cocoon-overall is detected with its bright phosphorescent colour; a fleeing citizen is not threatened to death from cold water, because he is protected from all sides with compressed air layer.
EFFECT: increasing reliability of application of means of citizen rescue from the sunken watercraft.
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire and rescue vehicle comprising automobile chassis with a support-rotating platform on which the telescopic boom is located, consisting of sections, at the end of the last of them a cradle is mounted, besides this a telescopic ladder with fencing is located, which sections are adjacent to the last boom section, characterised in that two rotary ramps are adjacent to the cradle symmetrically to the longitudinal axis of the telescoping boom, which are pivotally mounted on the last section of the telescopic ladder, at that each ramp has a slide section with a mechanism of extension in the form of a pair "tooth wheel-rack" and the pivot arm, at that the tooth wheel is provided with a spring clamp, and the fencing of the ramps and slide sections is made of hingedly mounted railing of tubular section, which handrails enter into the handrails of the railing of the ramps.
EFFECT: ensuring the delivery of fire-fighters and fire extinguishing agents, as well as evacuation of people from high-rise buildings.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: device relates to the field of life-saving appliances based on the car with a basket on boom with working telescopic sections with the guide frames on their end, which are fixed on top to the transport telescopic sections of closed profile with a slot on the upper surface on the entire length, and below they are fixed to supports, inside which the spring-loaded latches are mounted for connecting the working sections between each other, also along the sides the protrusions are made for gripping sections in their lifting-descending and for fixing section on the boom. The drive of sections lifting is made in the form of two hydraulic cylinders connected with jumpers installed on the sides of the boom with the ability to be moved along its axis, is equipped with a controller of the extreme positions of the piston for positioning on the stops by a step-type drive, their rods are connected by the plate equipped with mechanisms of gripping the stops. The basket from the outside of the barrier is equipped with the lodgment for portable standalone flame retardant means and a cartridge with capsules for the descent of the injured people, equipped with grippers of the rope thrown over the block on the upper section and connected to the working and auxiliary winches. The device for quick installation and removal of capsules from the transport sections is equipped with a staple and receiver, respectively.
EFFECT: this scheme of the device by increasing the number of sections enables to reduce its length, to increase the number of floors of lifting the basket, to reduce by the use of multiple capsules the time of rescuing the injured people, and the use of fire-retardant device enables to increase the chance of their survival in the fire seat.
8 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: inflatable rescue chute of closed section comprises an outer, middle and inner airtight elastic shells separated by airtight elastic partitions into several compartments (inner and outer compartments ) with the possibility of pressure injection in each of the outer compartments of separately heated noncombustible gas or a mixture of gases, and in each of the inner compartments - of air separately with the temperature of human comfort under higher pressure but not greater than the strength of the chute material. At least one of the inner compartments in the upper part of the chute comprises an opening for discharging air into the chute, and the opening of the closed section for entry into the chute comprises a door - the valve mounted with the ability of opening and slamming from inside by air pressure. Furthermore, at least one of the inner compartments in the upper part of the chute comprises a gas valve for connecting the hose with a mouthpiece or mask for breathing, and at least one of the outer compartments in the upper part of the chute comprises a gas valve for connecting the hose to the hose nozzle.
EFFECT: invention enables to provide to the rescued people the fire protection during the descent from the altitude object inside the chute and while waiting on the altitude object for their priority of descent.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: system includes an auxiliary database which receives information recorded in a personal medical database and a device for determining vital signs and which records said information. The system also includes a unit for computing a safe condition, which computes information on safety evaluation, wherein a safe condition of a person is evaluated by comparing clinical information and information on vital signs recorded in the auxiliary database. The system includes a portable terminal which accesses medical insurance information recorded in the auxiliary database, information on safety evaluation computed by the unit for computing a safe condition, and information on vital signs and clinical information recorded in the auxiliary database. The portable terminal displays medical insurance information, information on safety evaluation, information on vital signs and clinical information.
EFFECT: enabling verification of information on safety evaluation, medical insurance information, information on vital signs and clinical information of a person to be saved using a portable terminal.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: rescue vehicle for evacuation of people from high-rise buildings comprises automobile chassis with the platform on which the technological equipment is located, as part of the lifting mechanism and the device for receiving people from the building and lowering them down. At that the technological equipment is located on the platforms of the automobile chassis and the trailer which is a part of the machine. At that the device comprises supporting stands of telescopic structure, at the ends of which the pivoting levers are placed. At that the levers of each platform are interconnected with jumpers of variable length. At that the jumpers of the levers located on the automobile platform are connected to the jumpers of the levers. At that by the device for receiving people is made of a flexible membrane consisting of at least three shock absorbing grids located one above another and having different elasticity.
EFFECT: claimed invention is aimed at improving the efficiency of the evacuation of people by reducing the height of fall, increasing the bearing surface and elasticity of the membrane.
7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, in particular, apparatus for urgent descending of people in extreme situations.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier casing with member for connecting to individual to be descended, power-type descending speed regulator comprising power block embraced with cable, rotary lever and sliding friction member. Carrier casing is made in the form of semi-circle adapted for arrangement in vertical plane and is equipped with slots for passage of cable through cavities thereof, and handle. Power block embraced with cable is rigidly fixed on rotary lever positioned for angular displacement relative to axis, arrangement along generatrix of cylindrical surface of carrier casing, and is equipped with self-braking screw-type descending mechanism. Descending mechanism has power screw with flywheel positioned at one end and semi-spherical member arranged at other end of power screw for contacting with semi-spherical receptacle at end of rotary lever, and threaded opening made in carrier casing wall and extending perpendicular to descending direction.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased safety of descending of individual.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: life-saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from ablaze multi-story buildings.
SUBSTANCE: device includes pulley having body and lid. Embedded into body and lid is reel with flexible member connected thereto by one end and wound round the reel. Reel is secured to body and lid by means of fixed pins and hinges. Device also has rotary reel actuator and braking means adapted to perform operative control of reel torque. Connected to another flexible means end is safety hook. When rope unwinds from reel braking means actuates braking drum built in reel, two semi-rings located inside braking drum and cooperating with it, an joint pin and adjusting screw. Device is also provided with bandage secured to pulley body or to safety hook by shock. Shock has orifice formed as groove and is made of antifriction material. Device also includes automatic brake. The latter includes wedges, rotary disc installed in pulley body and cooperating with wedges by orifice edge, and pressing disc. Braking drum includes splines. Outer wedge surface is rounded and has radius equal to that or rotary disc orifice. Sides defining wedge have different lengths. Rotary reel actuator may rotate only in one direction.
EFFECT: increased reliability.
2 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: life saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from water surface.
SUBSTANCE: complex comprises air-borne vehicle with rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable, upper ends thereof are secured to elongated sleeves movably connected to rescuing cable. Rescuing cable is wound on reel secured to frame inside air-borne vehicle. Reel is driven with winch through gearing. Complex also has transparent inflatable rubber balloons secured to necks provided with safety hooks engaging loops of elongated sleeves connected to rescuing cable. Balloon necks are made as two containers connected one to another by threaded connection through transition member having threads on both ends thereof. One container is air-tight, filled with compressed air and has thin diaphragm. The second container has dry electric power source and light bulb with socket having longitudinal groove. Transition member comprises needle with inner channel for diaphragm piercing.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of people rescuing.
3 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: rescuing equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable through couplings, upper ones are connected to the cable through couplings movably connected to rescuing cable. Lower ends are attached to the cable through short couplings, upper ends are connected to the cable through long ones. Pieces of cable having lesser diameter are provided with protective jackets made of reinforced heat-resistance threads with sleeving made of twisted basalt fiber. Short couplings are made of metal, long ones are formed of elastic material. Air-tight container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals is connected to lower end of rescuing cable. Loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch is connected to upper end of rescuing cable.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
3 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: rescuing equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has netted bracket suspended to air-borne vehicle and having two hollow rimming rings. Upper ring has annular handrail, lower one comprises cross-piece and bottom made of metal net. Upper ring is formed of duralumin and has inner volume providing device floatability. Lower ring is made of stainless steel. Two ears are secured to cross-piece center and have orifices for blasting pin. Upper and lower rings are pivotally connected to posts formed of plates made of spring steel. Posts are connected one to another by rope bridges. Lower ring is attached to transition connection member by ropes for suspending sealed container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals and to connect rope with loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch. Connection member provides plate suspension and has orifice for blasting pin.
EFFECT: reduced time of load delivering to people subjected to an accident.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly for emergency lowering people or loads from tall objects.
SUBSTANCE: device has base with load fastening member and locking means for load lowering speed regulation secured to the base and cooperating with flexible member. The locking means is formed as rest and cam rotating around axis and having rotation lever connected thereto. Rest and cam are opposite one to another. Cam is provided with groove facing the rest. Device is also provided with limiter which prevents flexible member slipping during lowering operation and with rotary fixer having tooth installed to contact with arch-shaped groove. The groove is arranged in rotary fixer plane and bounded with rest. Angle of arch-shaped groove inclination is not less than cam stroke angle.
EFFECT: increased safety of lowering operation during device usage.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: fire fighting equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention is used in fire fighting and rescuing operation for lifting firemen and fire fighting facilities and evacuation of humans from building and structures in emergency. Proposed device contains vehicle with outriggers, lifting-and-slewing device mounted on vehicle frame, set of telescopic sections installed on lifting-and-slewing device and mechanism for telescoping the sections. Working stage is mounted on front end face of end section, and cap is installed on guides of telescopic sections. Device is furnished also with cab lifting mechanism made in form of wire rope reeved sheaves installed on cab skeleton and on front end face of end section. One end of wire rope is secured on drum of cab lifting mechanism, and the other, on balancing drum which is connected with drum of section telescopic mechanism through gear train. Bottom of cab is furnished with opening hatch for securing emergency evacuation sleeve.
EFFECT: improved safety at fire fighting and rescuing.
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly to evacuate people from multistory buildings in emergency.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises composite body with drum provided with rope and braking mechanism arranged in the body. Braking mechanism comprises gear ring having odd number of projections formed on inner drum rim, wedge-like double-armed pendulum, pendulum guides and members adapted to prevent resilient rebounding of pendulum in its extreme positions. The pendulum may reciprocate into the guides.
EFFECT: increased breaking reliability and simplified device structure.
FIELD: rescue equipment for helicopter cargo hoisting system.
SUBSTANCE: proposed rescue system includes cylindrical container, container retainers mounted on helicopter, winch and communication facilities for rescuers. Container has doorway and swivel panels with cone-shaped members at the ends. Rope of winch is secured to top of cone-shaped member of container. Container is provided with ballast weight mounted on side opposite to doorway. Helicopter is provided with instrument for measuring the mass and sensor engageable with winch rope; indicator of mass measuring device is mounted in pilot cabin. Rescue system is provided with rope cutter for release of container in an emergency.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability due to control of loading the container.
2 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly equipment for emergency people group evacuation from elevated location.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises evacuation capsule provided with parachute and guiding means arranged at an angle one to another and adapted to support the capsule. The evacuation capsule has door openings, seats, seat safety belts, air bags and windows. The capsule also has self-braking system. Part of capsule bottom is made as anchoring plate, which may be removed from the capsule and lowered by ropes. In concordance with the second embodiment the capsule is provided with winch to pull ropes, which connect the capsule with the anchoring plate. In the third embodiment the device also has winch with pulls ropes connecting the capsule with the anchoring panel. In another embodiment device comprises air sleeve secured to guiding ropes and connected with evacuation capsule from the first end and with fan from the second end thereof. During fan operation the capsule moves out by filling the sleeve with air. The evacuation capsule, air sleeve and fan are installed in land-based structure. The capsule is provided with parachute and self-braking system. Methods of emergency evacuation from elevated locations and from television tower with the use of above device are also disclosed.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of emergency large people group evacuation.
10 cl, 11 dwg