Transport facility

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises hull with two rows of working wells, propulsor, deckhouse and steering complex. Hollow conical screw jacket is arranged around the periphery of the body to spin there about and around its axis It is composed by curvilinear strips of various order and degree of curvature. Centres of curvature are located inside or outside jacket cross-section to make along its periphery the multistart screw surface with screw lines and helical grooves. These are inclined relative to rotational axis inside said hollow conical screw jacket. Strips feature different width increasing over jacket length from inlet to outlet. Said strips are coiled in vertical plane in lengthwise direction and flexed in screw lines across mandrel composed by paraboloid of revolution. Said jacket has outer laps as screw blades over the entire length of screw jacket.

EFFECT: enhanced operating performances.

14 dwg

 

The invention concerns a vehicle that can move at high speed.

This is achieved in that in a vehicle, comprising a housing with two rows of working mines, propulsion, wheelhouse and steering complex, while around the perimeter of the front part of the vehicle body rotatably around the front of the housing is mounted a hollow conical helical shirt, made of helical strips curved shape different order and degree of curvature with centers located outside or inside of the cross section of the hollow conical helical shirt with the formation around the perimeter of the multi-start helical surface with helical lines and helical grooves with an angle of inclination relative to the axis of rotation inside or outside the hollow conical helical shirt with different widths of bands with increase in length of the conical spiral shirt from the inlet to the outlet, folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved in a spiral lines in the transverse direction on the mandrel in the form of a paraboloid of revolution, and on the outer perimeter of the spiral shirt formed overlaps in the form of a helical blade along its entire length from the inlet to the outlet.

According to the patent and technical literature�URS not found a technical solution similar to declare, that allows to judge about the inventive step of the proposed vehicle.

The novelty is due to the fact that the vehicle around the perimeter of the front of the housing is mounted a hollow conical helical shirt, is provided with multiple curved spiral surfaces in the form of helical channels that are screwed into the water and attach to the vehicle longitudinal movement with great speed, defined by pitch helical surfaces, for example, when the pitch of the helical surface of the conical helical shirt, 100 meters in one turn, the vehicle can move up to ≈100 meters, at a speed of 500 Rev/min speed the vehicle can reach speeds of ≈500 km/h, at speeds of 1000 rpm speed the vehicle can reach speeds of ≈1000 km/h.

The novelty of the proposal is also due to the fact that the hollow conical helical shirt is mounted in the front part of the vehicle body, which results in reducing the energy costs for its relocation.

The novelty lies in the fact that placement on the perimeter of the front of the housing conical helical shirt provides a vehicle high speed under water.

The novelty is that blah�of odara outer helical surfaces of double curvature, the hydraulic resistance of the water while the vehicle is reduced, this increases speed and reduces noise, which together with the specified geometric elements screw conical shirt improves its cavitation characteristics.

The novelty lies in the fact that the helical shirt is made conical, which ensures the smooth entry of the vehicle into the water, quiet and reduction of hydraulic resistance.

The novelty of the invention lies in the fact that the helical shirt along the entire length has a variable smooth not only transverse but also longitudinal smooth section that provides a reduction in water resistance when the vehicle is moving and its silent operation.

Novelty is seen that the tightening screw of the shirt is the multi-point channels curvilinear shape, which increases the speed and reduces noise.

The novelty of the invention lies in the fact that such design allows to ensure a gradual increase of the hydraulic resistance to the movement of the vehicle.

The novelty lies in the fact that the perimeter of the spiral shirt helical surface formed with a variable width of a concave curved shape along its length, h�about reduces the resistance to movement of the vehicle.

Novelty is also due to the fact that the pitch of the helical lines along the perimeter varies along the length of the spiral shirt from the inlet to the outlet, which changes the flow resistance when the vehicle is moving.

Novelty is also due to the fact that the screw conical shirt on the perimeter made of folded in a vertical plane and connected in series to each other along the length of the screw shirt stripes convex curved shape, folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved in a spiral lines in the transverse direction with the formation around the perimeter of the spiral shirt spiral lines and spiral surfaces concave shape with the centers of curvature outside screw shirts and lapping outside screw shirts in the form of a helical blade along its entire length, which facilitates the movement of the vehicle and increases movement speed by reducing the hydraulic resistance.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where: Fig.1 shows a vehicle, General view; Fig.2 is a top view of Fig.1; Fig.3 - screw-shirt without sewing in the form of helical blades, General view; Fig.4 - view And Fig.3 screw shirts without sewing in the form of helical blades; Fig.5 - one of the bands, General view; Fig.6 - view of the strip after crucian�I of its ends about a horizontal axis O 1-O1Fig.7 - a view of the strip after twisting it on the mandrel in the form of a paraboloid of rotation; Fig.8 - a section a-A in Fig.7; Fig.9 - screw-shirt with inlets in the form of helical blades, General view; Fig.10 - view of B in Fig.9 screw shirts with inlets in the form of helical blades; Fig.11 - one of the bands with an overlap, General view; Fig.12 - view of the strip with an overlap after twisting its ends about a horizontal axis O2-O2; Fig.13 - view of the strip with an overlap after twisting it on the mandrel in the form of a paraboloid of rotation; Fig.14 - a section b-B in Fig.13.

Vehicle (Fig.1, 2) includes a housing 1 with two rows of operating mines 2, cabin 3, the steering complex 4 and 5 and the driver 6.

Around the perimeter of the front part of the vehicle body rotatably around the front of the housing is mounted a hollow conical helical shirt 7, for example, without lapping in the form of helical blades. Spiral bevel shirt 7 mounted on the perimeter of the front of the housing 1 without the possibility of axial movement relative to the housing 1 and is provided with devices for imparting a hollow conical helical shirt 7 rotation around its own axis and the housing 1 (not shown).

Hollow conical helical shirt 7 (Fig.3, 4) with an inlet opening 8 and outlet opening 9 is made with the formation of e� the perimeter of multiple helical surface with spiral lines and spiral fluted concave shape 10 with an angle of inclination relative to the axis of rotation of the outer curved surfaces of the concave shape of about 10 the symmetry axis of the conical helical shirt 7 with the center of curvature of the outside conical helical shirt 7 or inside (not shown) and described curves of various orders and degrees of curvature, for example lines of the second order curvature

- the ellipse x2/a2+2/b2=1;

- the parabola y2=2*p*x;

the hyperbola y=K/x.

Lines of the third order curvature and higher

- Decerto sheet x3+3-3*a*x*y=0;

- curl the Anezi y=and3*(α2+x2);

- strofoid3=x(a+x)/(a-x);

- snail of Pascal (x2+2-2R*x)2-and2*(x2+2)=0, etc.

and lines n-th order curvature - polynomials.

Hollow conical helical shirt 7 (Fig.3, 4) is made of strips, for example, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 with the side edges 21 and 22 of the convex curved shape (Fig.5), made with different widths of strips, for example, Fig.5, the strip 17 is made of a width 23 of the outlet 9 of the conical helical shirt 7, which is greater than the width 24 at the inlet 8 of the conical screw shirts 7. Strip 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 with the side edges 21 and 22 of the convex curved shape is described by the curves of different order and degree of curvature with different widths of strips 23 and 24, with the increase in the width of the stripes along the length of the conical helical shirt 7 from the input otverstia to the outlet 9, twisted along a helical line in the longitudinal direction (Fig.6) relative to the longitudinal axis O1-O1and curved along a helical line in the transverse direction on the mandrel in the form of a paraboloid of rotation 25 (Fig.7, 8) with the formation around the perimeter of the conical helical shirt 7 spiral lines 26 (Fig.3, 4) and screw surfaces 10 a concave shape in the form of helical grooves 27 with the centers of curvature of, for example, outside of the hollow conical helical shirt 7.

Strip 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 after the bend is removed from the mandrel 25 (Fig.7, 8) and joined to each other side-to-side (edges 21 and 22) by known methods, for example by welding, with the formation around the perimeter of the hollow conical helical shirt 7 spiral lines 26 and screw grooves - spiral surfaces 27, with variable, increasing the length of the hollow conical helical shirt step 7 S1. One of the helical lines 28 and 29 shown in Fig.3 and 4 in bold.

Hollow conical helical shirt 30 with inlets in the form of helical blades (Fig.9, 10) mounted on the perimeter of the front of the housing 1 without the possibility of axial movement relative to the housing 1 and is provided with devices for giving it a rotation around its own axis and the housing 1 (not shown).

Hollow conical helical shirt 30 (Fig.9, 10) with an inlet opening 31 and outlet hole� 32 is made with outer curved surfaces concave shape 33 relative to the axis of symmetry of the conical helical shirt 30 with the center of curvature of the outside conical helical shirt 30, and also the sewing from the outside of the spiral shirt 30 in the form of helical blades 34 (Fig.9, 10) along the entire length of the screw shirts 30 from the inlet 31 to the outlet 32.

Hollow conical helical shirt 30 (Fig.9, 10) is made of strips, for example, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40. 41, 42, 43, 44 with the side edges 45 and 46, including the inlet 47 on one side of the strips of the convex curved shape (Fig.11). The inlet 47 is shown in Fig.11 separated from the strip, 35 for example, a dash-dotted line with two dots 48. Band, 35 for example, are made with varying widths of the stripes, for example, Fig.11, the strip 35 is made of a width of 49 at the outlet of the tapered screw 32 of the jacket 30, which is greater than the width 50 of the inlet 31 of the conical helical shirt 30. Strip 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40. 41, 42, 43, 44 by lap 47 and with the side edges 45 and 46 of the convex curved shape is described by the curves of different order and degree of curvature with different widths of the strips 49 and 50, with the increase in the width of the stripes along the length of the conical helical shirt 30 from the inlet 31 to the outlet 32, twisted along a helical line in the longitudinal direction (Fig.12) relative to the longitudinal axis O2-O2and curved along a helical line in the transverse direction on the mandrel in the form of a paraboloid of revolution 51 (Fig.13, 14) with the formation around the perimeter of the conical helical shirt screw 30 �rime 52 (Fig.9, 10), and spiral surfaces 33 of the concave shape in the form of helical grooves 53 with the center of curvature of the outside of the hollow conical helical shirt 30 or inside (not shown).

Strip 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40. 41, 42, 43, 44 by lap 47 after the bend is removed from the mandrel 51 (Fig.13, 14) and are connected to other lateral face 46 of a single band with a dash-dotted line with two points 48 other bands known methods, for example by welding, with the formation around the perimeter of the hollow conical helical shirt screw 30 lines 52 and spiral surfaces 33 in the form of helical grooves 53, with variable, increasing the length of the hollow conical helical shirt step 30 S2. One of the helical lines 54-55 shown in Fig.10 and 11 in bold. For example, a strip 35 of its spiral edge 45 is connected with the strip 44 by dot-dashed with two dots line 48 with its convex side, for example by welding, in turn, the strip 44 is connected to its spiral edge 45 with the strip 43 in its dash-dotted line with two points 48, etc. with the formation of spiral bevel shirts with sewing outside screw shirts 30 in the form of helical blades 34 (Fig.9, 10) along the entire length of the screw shirts 30 from the inlet 31 to the outlet 32.

The displacement of the submarine is carried out during rotation of the spiral bevel shirt 7 without lapping or by the rotation of the bevel�coy shirt 30 with helical blades 34, which when rotated, screwed into layers of water and imparts longitudinal movement of the body 1 of the vehicle at a speed determined by the rotational speed of a screw conical shirt 7 (30). The vehicle body during movement retains its position using the steering complexes 4 and 5 and felling 3.

Techno-economic advantages arise due to the fact that the perimeter of the front part of the vehicle body rotatably around the front of the housing is mounted a hollow conical helical shirt and an outer surface of the unidirectional tapered screw lines and spiral surfaces in the form of channels curvilinear shape, as well as lapping in the form of a helical blade along the entire length of the helical tapered shirt that not only are threaded into the layers of water, but also provide, in this case, the movement of the vehicle in the longitudinal direction at high speed.

A vehicle, comprising a housing with two rows of working mines, propulsion, wheelhouse and steering complex, while around the perimeter of the front part of the vehicle body rotatably around the front of the housing is mounted a hollow conical helical shirt, made of helical strips curved shape different order and degree of curvature with TSE�spectra, located outside or inside of the cross section of the hollow conical helical shirt with the formation around the perimeter of the multi-start helical surface with helical lines and helical grooves with an angle of inclination relative to the axis of rotation inside or outside the hollow conical helical shirt, with different widths of bands with increase in length of the conical spiral shirt from the inlet to the outlet, folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved in a spiral lines in the transverse direction on the mandrel in the form of a paraboloid of revolution, moreover, on the outer perimeter of the spiral shirt formed overlaps in the form of a helical blade along its entire length from the inlet to the outlet.



 

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