Arrangement of integrated generator for generation of energy from renewable alternative sources without hazardous emissions, which protects and saves environment

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a generator for energy generation. Generator (100) includes floating platform (1) adapted for partial submersion into fluid medium, mast (2) located on platform (1) and containing at least one wind generator (3), at least one first energy storage device and one converter. Generator (1) also includes at least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy. At least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy includes at least one rechargeable mechanical storage battery (14), at least one balance arm (12) with a flywheel, which is connected to storage battery (14), and a device for conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy. Wave motion or flow of fluid medium, into which platform (1) is submerged, determines oscillating movement of platform (1), mast (2) and at least one balance arm (12) for charging of storage battery (14), which in its turn outputs the energy generated by its movement to the mechanical energy conversion device.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of energy generation efficiency.

16 cl, 10 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a generator for power generation and, in particular, to a generator for generating energy from alternative renewable sources in a sustainable and environmentally compatible manner without harmful emissions saving the environment.

Known methods and devices for utilizing the energy derived from renewable sources (hydropower, wind energy, sea energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, etc.).

International patent application PCT/SE/000957 Abou-Raphael apply to the installation, which uses wave motion in the tank for actuating the hydraulic air compressor. The air is extracted from the flow of air/water through the separator and is compressed under the action of hydrostatic pressure determined by the height difference between located above the water storage tank and below the air separator, and with the release generates energy through suitable means. This system, apart from the fact that she still has high efficiency because it is not combined with other renewable energy sources.

JP 2004-19537 YAMAGUCHI KO refers to hybrid electric power generator and heat, thermal power plants consisting of a thermal collector of solar EN�depending, generating a spiral flow of hot air, which is converted into rotational energy by a wind turbine connected to a generator for conversion into electrical energy. The wind direction change through cyclone channels. The installation can be contained in a tubular element and located in urban areas without great inconvenience. In addition, the beam of thermal radiation can be used simultaneously to generate thermal energy (combined generation of heat and electric energy). In addition to combining only two renewable devices energy conversion of conventional type, the only advantage is stealth in urban areas and noise reduction.

US 2005/0218657 Wessner, MacMillan, relates to an apparatus for generating energy, which is portable and can be disassembled, consisting of mobile (towed) wind power generator and means for storing electrical energy in the battery.

Such a known system for generating electrical energy, which is quite common, is characterized in that it is capable of disassembly and moving.

The applicant further noted that none of the proposed solutions does not provide a complex integrated system, method�th simultaneous use of different renewable energy sources without compromising the environment, not only because of the complete absence of harmful emissions (use of carbon-free technologies), but also high efficiency, the ratio of produced energy/volume setup, in comparison with the occupied space.

It should be noted that none of the proposed solutions has a high efficiency by the ratio of energy produced/energy cost and/or produced energy/the cost of installation.

It was found that the aforementioned problems can be solved by using the generator, which connects the system power generation using wind with at least one system for accumulation and transformation of mechanical energy, on a floating platform.

Thus, in its first aspect the invention relates to an energy generator for generating energy from renewable alternative sources containing:

floating platform adapted for partial immersion in the fluid;

a mast mounted on the platform and comprising at least one wind turbine to capture wind energy and convert it into electrical energy, at least one energy accumulator and at least one transducer;

characterized in that said power generator further comprises, at m�re, one system for the storage and conversion of mechanical energy; and mentioned at least one system for the storage and conversion of mechanical energy comprises at least one rechargeable automatic battery, at least one balancer flywheel, connected with said rechargeable manual battery, and a device for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy;

thus, wave motion or flow of the fluid that surrounds the platform determines the oscillatory movement of the said platform and the said mast and accordingly balancer for charging a rechargeable automatic battery that produces energy obtained as a result of its movement, the said device for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Integrating means to generate energy generator in accordance with the present invention can provide an almost constant output power regardless of weather conditions.

In addition, the generator according to the present invention makes it easy to place and fit installation in natural and architectural conditions, besides implementing and providing additional social and commercial functions. In fact, in such a generator� may be provided for various commercial tools for trading tourism, advertising, sports, etc.

In addition, by combining different energy sources and their accumulation, this setup eliminates fluctuations in the flows of power supply, keeping them essentially permanent, complementing various energy sources with each other and summing in case of lack of energy produced by one source, with energy generated from another source, along with all sorts of capabilities accumulation, and retention of data generated energies.

The generator respectively further comprises at least one second energy accumulator and at least one first turbine, located under the platform and shipped to capture inkjet movement of the fluid in which it floats mentioned platform and convert it into rotational motion of the turbine to generate electric current and its output in said second energy storage.

Thus, the technology offered by the generator of the present invention, which is also called "carbonless", provides pollution-free energy generation without concurrent production of greenhouse gases. In fact, thanks to the use of natural renewable energy sources, this technology is the best way to ensure the reduction�Oia emissions of carbon dioxide FROM 2and limit the environmental damage caused by existing climatic changes.

In addition, the generator in accordance with the present invention is suitable for placing on rivers, lakes, seas, even offshore.

Preferably, the power generator in accordance with the present invention can be used to generate clean energy for agricultural, industrial, domestic, residential, commercial, tourist sites offline, without the aid of external energy sources.

Alternatively, the generator in accordance with the present invention can also be used to generate clean energy on ships, such as ships, platforms, etc., independently and autonomously, without the use of fuels from sources that are non-renewable and/or recyclable, but causing the greenhouse effect and/or pollution.

In accordance with another preferred aspect of the generator in accordance with the present invention can also be used to generate clean energy in remote unserved areas and as a backup source of power supply when carrying out emergency or rescue operations.

Preferably, the generator comprises a covering element for converting solar� energy, connected to at least one battery current.

Preferably, the covering elements for the conversion of solar energy contain solar panels and/or photovoltaic cells, at least one load controller connected with said panels and/or photovoltaic elements, and at least one battery current is connected to the charge controller.

The generator accordingly provides a system for generating and converting potential/electrical energy, comprising:

at least one container to collect rainwater or water flowing back from the water surface;

at least one reservoir hydrostatic pressure and flow, coupled with the aforementioned team capacity and located in the upper part of the mast;

at least one second turbine and at least one channel to move rain water collected in said container and/or reservoir hydrostatic pressure to the turbine for generating electrical energy from the potential energy of water collected in the reservoir hydrostatic pressure, located at the top of the mast.

At least one third of the energy accumulator connected to the second turbine.

Preferably, the generator further comprises, IU�ISA least one feed channel connected to the reservoir hydrostatic pressure and at least one water supply pump connected to the flow channel, which sucks from a fluid medium, in which the floating platform, for supplying water to the reservoir hydrostatic pressure and/or in the container.

Preferably, to improve the efficiency of power generation the flow channel has a vertical elongation, which is shorter than the vertical elongation of the channel to move rain water collected in the vessel and/or in the reservoir to the turbine.

Accordingly, the feed pump is an electrical pump, driven by the excess energy generated by the wind turbine and/or system for generating and converting mechanical energy and/or covering elements for solar energy conversion.

In addition, the generator of the present invention is capable of rescue in the event of a storm or difficult conditions, the platform is able to fill with water and sink into the water, and is able to release themselves from the water and rise when the danger had passed. For this purpose, preferably, the generator comprises a device for diving and surfacing containing at least one flooded reservoir, the filling of which defines, in less�th least partial immersion of the platform, and at least one drain pump flooded reservoir for the ascent of the platform.

Preferably, the generator further comprises an anchor device.

Preferably, the anchor device comprises at least one tether for attaching the platform to a fixed or movable point and at least one auxiliary winch, which leads to the movement of the cable with the possibility of moving the platform vertically up or down.

To increase the stability of the generator platform includes stabilization Keeley, continuing perpendicularly under the platform.

Platform respectively contains:

at least one sector, like deformable bellows that undergoes extension and contraction under the action of wave motion for suction and air compression;

at least one reservoir for storing compressed air, over and above the air when letting off properly actuates at least one air turbine;

at least one shutoff valve, which is connected with the sector and with said reservoir, to prevent reverse movement of the compressed air accumulated in said reservoir for storing compressed air;

at least one air turbine.

Preferably, the wind turbine includes at least one vertical wind turbine comprising at least one vertical blade.

Preferably, the blade is made of carbon fiber.

Alternatively, the generator includes at least one vibrator mounted in the upper end of the mast, which converts the potential energy provided by the oscillations of the mast defined by wave motion to electrical energy, over and above the vibrator is connected to the battery electrical power.

Preferably, the generator comprises at least one second wind turbine mounted at the upper end of the mast, connected to at least one transmitter and at least one battery.

Preferably, at least one wind turbine, and/or system for generating and converting mechanical energy, and/or covering elements for solar energy conversion, and/or system for generating and converting potential/electric power connected together in parallel, forming a single unit for the generation and distribution of energy.

The high degree of integration of means of generating electrical energy generator of the present invention to provide an almost constant output power independent�isimo from influencing weather conditions.

For this purpose, the generator comprises a set of switches and a control unit to control the said systems and install them in a certain state for their connections, partial use or disconnection or independent use.

Additional features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the detailed description of some preferred but not the only embodiments of energy generator for generating energy from alternative renewable sources in accordance with the present invention.

The following is a description with reference to the accompanying drawings, is presented only to illustrate, but not limit, where:

Fig.1 is a perspective view of a preferred type of energy generator for generating energy from alternative renewable sources in accordance with the present invention;

Fig.2 is a perspective view of a second embodiment of an energy generator for generating energy from alternative renewable sources in accordance with the present invention containing the elongation of a wind vane with a vertical axis in the upper part of the mast of the generator;

Fig.3 is a view in perspective of a second embodiment of the generators�ora energy to generate energy from alternative renewable sources in accordance with the present invention, containing a wind vane conventional type with a horizontal axis, located in the upper part of the mast of the generator;

Fig.4A depicts the upper part of the generator, showing the installation of a telecommunication station;

Fig.4b depicts the upper part of the generator used for installations for commercial, advertising, alarm or informational purposes;

Fig.4C depicts the upper part of the generator, showing the installation of your plant to ensure navigation;

Fig.4d depicts the upper part of the generator, showing the installation of radar;

Fig.5A depicts a floating platform to a submerged bottom and configuration tools, fastening, diving and surfacing in a fixed position;

Fig.5b depicts a floating platform with an alternative view of the lower part;

Fig.6 is a layout diagram of the setup for combined or separate generating electrical energy, consisting of several means for generating electrical energy obtained from the appropriate means of conversion.

Referring to Fig.1, a reference position 100 shows an energy generator for generating energy from alternative renewable sources in accordance with the present invention.

As shown in Fig.1, a gene�ATOR contains floating platform 1, adapted for partial immersion in the fluid 10.

In a preferred embodiment of the platform 1 has a circular shape, but may be other shapes without departing from the scope of protection of the present invention.

To stabilize the platform 1 is provided stabilization fins 1', continuing under the platform.

Preferably provides from 2 to 8 stabilization fins 1' depending on the size of the platform 1.

In a preferred embodiment of the three stabilization of the keel 1', spaced along the perimeter of the platform 1. Stabilization fins 1' continue from platform 1, Sastras towards her.

On a floating platform 1 at the Central position of the mast 2, which continues vertically upward. The mast 2 is a hollow tubular element discovered in the appropriate section of its elongation to receive the wind turbine 3.

At the top, high on the mast 2 is a container 4 for collecting rainwater, attached to the reservoir 4' hydrostatic pressure and flow.

In the lower part of the mast 2, i.e. on a plot of less than 50% of the total length, the mast 2 has the shape of a hollow tubular member with a circular cross section.

The public part consists of two or more vertical ribs or struts 2' depending on design� requirements and taking into account the efficiency of the wind turbine 3, preferably, two to four, over and above the ribs 2' can also be made like the aerodynamic stabilizer for more efficient movement of air and increase the efficiency of wind blades (blades).

The 3 wind turbine to capture wind energy is additionally connected to at least one energy accumulator and at least one Converter. Wind turbine 3, preferably, is a generator with the blade (blades) having a vertical axis and a variable height, preferably in the range from 6 to 25 mm, the movement of air interacts with the wind turbine blade 3 and determines its rotation to generate a current, which is given in the energy accumulator.

The energy accumulator is an accumulator of electrical energy known type, for example, such as a battery.

Preferably, the vertical wind blade is made of carbon fiber with strength and ease.

In accordance with an important aspect of the present invention, the energy generator 1 further comprises at least one system 70 for storage and conversion of mechanical energy.

System for storage and conversion of mechanical energy comprises at least one rechargeable fur�algebraic battery 14, such a wound as a flat spiral spring, and at least one balancer or flywheel 12 type automatic movement, coupled with a rechargeable manual battery 14. Rechargeable automatic battery 14 is in turn connected to the at least one device for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Rechargeable automatic battery 14 is charged by moving the balancer 12, gives his energy to supply the above-mentioned at least one device for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy, not shown in the drawing.

Wave motion or flow of the fluid that surrounds the platform 1, determines the oscillatory movement of the platform 1 and the mast 2 and respectively of the balance weight 12 for charging a rechargeable automatic battery 14.

The latter gives the energy generated by its movement, the said device for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy, of a known type and therefore this description is not covered in detail.

As mentioned above, in the upper part of the mast 2 is at least one capacity 4 to collect rainwater or water flowing back from the water surface, and at least one storage tank 4' gidrostaticheskogo� pressure and flow.

Capacity 4 to collect rainwater or water flowing back from the water surface, and the tank 4' hydrostatic pressure and flow are connected through channel 32 with the turbine 6, the generator 6' AC power and battery power.

Water is dripping down into the channel 32, actuates a turbine 6, for example belt & bucket turbine 6, which is connected with an AC generator 6' generates electrical energy, respectively, issued by the energy accumulator, not shown in the drawing.

This hydraulic system can also be used to maintain a constant output power of the generator 100.

In a collecting tank 4 is connected to the flow channel 42, through which at least one pump 5 for supplying water soaks up water from a fluid medium 10, in which the floating referred to the platform 1, and delivers water into the container 4 and/or to the reservoir 4' to use the potential energy of falling water.

To improve the efficiency of power generation the flow channel 42 has a vertical elongation, which is shorter than the vertical elongation of the channel 32 to move rain water collected in the container 4 and/or in said tank, a turbine 6, for this purpose, the turbine 6 is placed a few meters below the platform 1.

The channels 32, 42 are located on the edges m�AC count 2 and can be mounted or built-in.

The pump 5 is an electrical pump that receives its energy from any excess electrical energy from other generating systems available in the generator 100.

Alternatively, the pump 5 is a pump, submerged base and driven by a fluid medium, in which the floating platform 1.

Accordingly, in this case, the pump receives its energy from the wave motion by the blades 9.

The wave motion or the excess generated energy actuates the pump 5, which sucks out the fluid 10 to move through the channel 42 into the container 4 to collect rainwater, and also to the reservoir 4'. On demand, the water penetrating into the downward penstock 32, provides hydraulic turbine 6 bucket-type, connected to a generator 6' AC, to generate additional electrical energy.

The generator 100 is available, where possible, surfaces contains a system covering elements 7 for the conversion of solar energy, which are connected to at least one battery current.

System covering elements 7 for the conversion of solar energy includes solar panels and/or photovoltaic elements connected to the at least one controller for�ADCI and, at least one battery current, not shown in the drawing.

Wind turbine 3 may be integrated with the covering elements 7 for the conversion of solar energy. In this case, the input of the Converter, which is preferably common, contains electrical filtering device for limiting the maximum input power to the Converter and to add power from the wind turbine 3 and from the system covering elements 7 for solar energy conversion.

Alternatively, the system covering elements 7 for the conversion of solar energy can be adapted to generate thermal energy.

In this case, solar panels and/or photovoltaic elements connected with heat storage or steam boilers.

Solar panels and/or photovoltaic cells, preferably, can be located on the outer surface of the container 4 for rainwater collection tank 4' hydrostatic pressure, ribs or lugs 2' and on the platform 1.

The generator respectively further comprises at least one second energy accumulator and at least one first turbine 8, which is located under the platform 1 and immersed in water to capture fluidic movement of a fluid medium 10, in which the floating platform, and pre�fatality of it in its rotary movement with the possibility of generating electric current and its output in the above-mentioned second battery energy.

For this purpose the first turbine 8, the support shaft 23 connected to an accumulator of electrical energy such as a battery.

Preferably, the wind turbine 3, and/or system 70 for generating and converting mechanical energy, and/or system covering elements 7 for the conversion of solar energy, and/or system for use in potential energy of falling water are connected together in parallel, forming a single unit for the generation and distribution of energy.

For this purpose, the generator 100 includes, as shown in Fig.6, a set of switches 52, one for each system, power generation, and the block 53 to control the above-mentioned systems and install them in a certain state for their connections, partial use or disconnection or independent use.

As the control unit can be used programmable logic controller (PLC).

Regulation and control of power systems via PLC is Autonomous in place by means of a set of programs pre-installed in this PLC. However, for any changes in or modifications to such programs, you can perform remote control using tools such as GPS/modem or even telecommunications.

Generator ene�GII also implies, the platform comprises a device for immersion in water and ascent, in addition to means for controlling the oscillation of the platform and the mast is formed integrally with her. In fact, the generator of the present invention is capable of rescue in the event of a storm or difficult conditions, the platform can be filled with water and dive under the water and out of the water and float when the danger had passed.

To do this, the generator comprises a device for diving and surfacing containing at least one flooded reservoir, not shown in the drawing, the filling of which defines at least partial immersion of the platform 1, and at least one drain pump flooded reservoir for the ascent of the platform.

Preferably, as shown in the drawings, the generator includes an anchor device 54.

Preferably, the anchor device comprises at least one of the wires 26 for attachment of the platform and at least one auxiliary winch 28, which drives the cable to move the platform vertically up or down, thus helping the device to dive under the water and float.

In the drawing, the cable 26 for attaching the platform to the moving point contains the anchor 20'.

Alternatively, if used�Xia fixed attachment, it is supposed to tie the anchor rope 26 in its lower end to a fixed point 20 at the bottom of the water flow, which houses the generator 1.

As shown in the drawings, the generator 1 may further comprise a device for controlling the oscillation of the platform and the mast.

Device for controlling the oscillation of the platform and the mast end contains ballast 50, fully immersed in the fluid under the platform 1 and connected with it by means of telescopic rods 24 and the collector 27. The telescopic rod is actuated by means of hydraulic jacks, not shown.

In more detail, the terminal ballast 50, which balances the mast 2 and the platform 1, is rigidly connected with them, and its extension from the bottom of the platform can be adjusted.

End ballast 50 with its extension from the water surface 10, is adjusted by means of telescopic rods 24 and hydraulic jacks, allows you to set the amplitude of oscillation of the platform 1 and the mast 2 by increasing or decreasing it for more efficient use of alternative energy sources.

If, for example, the wind was very favourable and strong, you need to keep small oscillations for greater efficiency of the wind blades (blades) and better security, installation, and Vice versa, when winds are n�is necessary to use a wave motion increasing to the maximum extent possible oscillations of the mast.

In accordance with an alternative implementation, not shown in the drawings, the platform 1 may include at least one sector, like deformable bellows that undergoes extension and contraction under the action of wave motion for suction and compression of air.

In more detail, the platform 1 may be formed by a greater number of sectors, or parts, of which some are like deformable bellows and subjected to extension and compression under the influence of wave motion, with the possibility of suction and compression of air in a suitable reservoir for compressed air storage pressure. If necessary sucked and thus compressed air is discharged to drive the air turbine or air motors, or pneumatic pistons to generate electric current.

In a preferred embodiment of the implementation shown in Fig.1, in the upper part of the mast 2 over capacity 4 rainwater is the vibrator 33, such as a pendulum. The vibrator 33 converts the potential energy created by the oscillations of the mast defined by wave motion to electrical/mechanical energy.

In another embodiment of the implementation, shown in�m in Fig.2, in the upper part of the mast 2 of the generator 1 instead of the vibrator 33 is set to the second wind turbine with a vertical axis 3', either continuing or not continuing wind turbine 3 from below and supported by respective ribs 22, which may be continuations of the ribs 2'.

Fig.3 shows another alternative embodiment of a generator according to the present invention which is generally similar to the generator shown in Fig.1, except that the preferred installation of the second wind turbine with a horizontal axis 3".

Fig.4A shows another alternative embodiment of a generator according to the present invention which is generally similar to the generator shown in Fig.1, except that the generator involves the installation of a telecommunications station (antenna, parabolic antenna, antenna for mobile phone, satellite dish) 44 on the top of the mast 2.

Fig.4b shows another alternative embodiment of a generator according to the present invention which is generally similar to the generator shown in Fig.1, except that it involves the installation of a Maritime radio beacon and/or station 46 to provide marine navigation.

Fig.4C shows another alternative embodiment of a generator with�testii to the present invention, which in General is similar to the generator shown in Fig.1, except that it involves the installation of radar or radar beacon 47 to provide naval/aerial navigation.

And finally, Fig.4d shows another embodiment of the present invention, which is intended for installation in a tourist city or street areas and involves the installation on the top of the mast hours and/or signage for advertising or information, calendar, weather station 45, etc.

The generator of the present invention can have many applications and uses, for example, when placed near the urban areas of marinas, residential areas or coastal areas, where, among other things, as an additional element, it may very well be placed without violating the natural, landscape and architectural environment.

The generator provides a convenient inclusion and adaptation of the unit in natural and architectural conditions, besides exercising and performing additional social and commercial functions, as many other tools for trade, tourism, advertising, sports and others can be located in such generating units.

It can also be used to provide growing plants near the sea coast or the banks of the river through the injection of water for irrigation and/�whether through lighting and heating farms, greenhouses or even by means of power supply used for agricultural and forestry work.

It can also generate clean energy in remote unserved areas (e.g. Islands) and can be used as a backup power source in the cases and in the centers of the emergency and rescue operations.

This generator is very well suited to perform the support functions as a reference point for marine and air navigation, in particular as a beacon in isolated or coastal areas.

It can be placed in rivers, lakes, seas even coastal objects.

In addition, it can also function as a power generator for offshore platforms for oil explorations, and it can be installed as a generator/propulsion means for ships and vessels, generating clean energy, in the form of independent, Autonomous, without using fuel from non-renewable sources or renewable, but pollutants or greenhouse (not carbon-free sources.

The generator 100 energy in accordance with the present invention may have any size and performance, so it can be adjusted to match the efficiency of energy use and intended use.

in addition, the generator 100 energy also implies that the platform 2 has a hydrodynamic shape. Thus, the generator, which is the aim of the present invention, uses natural energy in such a way that guarantees the protection and preservation of the environment, causes no pollution, reducing the use of harmful energy sources that cause greenhouse gas emissions and warming, AIDS in land reclamation and drainage of the environment and promotes sustainable development.

The present invention is described with reference to some variations in its implementation. Many modifications may be made in the described implementation options, which in any case are within the scope of protection of the invention, which is defined by the following claims.

As an example, the power generator can be assumed that the platform 1 places the propellers, self-supporting capacity generated by various devices installed generating capacity to move and change their location offline without using power from an external power supply.

1. Generator (100) of energy for the generation of energy from renewable alternative sources containing floating platform (1), adapted to be partially�wow immersion in the fluid; the mast (2) located on the platform (1) and containing at least one wind turbine (3) to capture wind energy and convert it into electrical energy, at least one first energy accumulator and at least one Converter; characterized in that the generator (100) of energy further comprises at least one system for the storage and conversion of mechanical energy; and mentioned at least one system for the storage and conversion of mechanical energy contains at least one rechargeable automatic battery (14), at least one rocker (12) with a flywheel connected to a rechargeable manual battery (14), and a device for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy; wherein the wave motion or flow of the fluid that surrounds the platform (1), determines the oscillatory motion of the platform (1), mast (2) and at least one link arm (12) for mechanical charging the battery pack (14), which in turn produces energy generated by its movement, in a device for converting mechanical energy, wherein the platform (1) comprises at least one sector, like deformable bellows that undergoes extension and contraction under the action of wave motion�ment for suction and compression of air; at least one reservoir for storing air compressed by at least one deformable sector, and when letting off properly referred to the air drives the air turbine, at least one shutoff valve, which is connected with the sector and with the reservoir, to prevent reverse movement of the compressed air stored in the reservoir for storing compressed air.

2. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least one first turbine (8) arranged under the platform (1) and fully submerged to capture fluidic movement of a fluid medium, in which the floating platform (1), and converting it into its rotational movement with the possibility of generating electric current.

3. Generator (100) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises a covering element (7) for converting solar energy connected to at least one battery current.

4. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that the covering elements (7) for converting solar energy contain solar panels and/or photovoltaic cells, at least one load controller coupled to the panels and/or photovoltaic elements, and at least one battery current is connected to the charge controller.

5. Generator (00) according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least one container (4) for collecting rainwater or water flowing back from the water surface (10); at least one tank (4') of the hydrostatic pressure and flow, coupled with a team of receptacle (4) and located in the upper part of the mast (2); at least one second turbine (6), comprising an electric generator (6'); and at least one channel (32) to move rainwater, collected in the tank (4) and/or in the vessel (4'), the turbine (6).

6. Generator (100) according to claim 5, characterized in that it comprises at least one channel (42) feed coupled to the vessel (4') hydrostatic pressure and/or team capacity (4); at least one pump (5) for water supply connected to the channel (42) for feeding, which sucks out the fluid (10), in which the floating platform (1), for supplying water to the tank (4') and/or in the container (4).

7. Generator (100) according to claim 5, characterized in that the channel (42) has a vertical feed elongation, which is shorter than the vertical elongation of the channel (32) for feeding the rain water collected in the tank (4) and/or in the reservoir to the turbine (6).

8. Generator (100) according to claim 6, characterized in that the pump (5) is an electric pump, driven by the excess energy of the wind turbine (3) and/or system (70) for generating and changes�of adowanie mechanical energy and/or cover elements (7) for solar energy conversion.

9. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a device for submersion and surfacing containing at least one flooded reservoir, the filling of which defines at least partial immersion of the platform (1), and at least one drain pump, at least one flooded reservoir for the ascent of the platform (1).

10. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises the anchor device.

11. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that the platform includes at least two stabilizing keel (1') extending perpendicularly under the platform (2).

12. Generator (100) according to claim 1, wherein the wind turbine includes at least one vertical wind turbine comprising at least one vertical blade.

13. Generator (100) according to claim 12, characterized in that at least one vertical blade is made of carbon fiber.

14. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least one vibrator (33) arranged in the upper end of the mast (2), which converts the potential energy created by the oscillation of the mast (2) defined by wave motion to electrical energy, wherein the vibrator is connected to the battery electrical power.

15. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises, at measures�, one second wind turbine placed in the upper end of the mast (2) connected to at least one transmitter and at least one battery.

16. Generator (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that at least the wind turbine system for generating and converting mechanical energy covering elements for the conversion of solar energy are connected together in parallel, forming a single unit for generating and distributing energy, wherein the generator comprises a set of switches (52) and the unit (53) to control and setup in a certain state for their connections, partial use or disconnection or independent use.



 

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2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment, particularly, to buoy intended for buoyage and marking definite waterway risks. Navigation buoy comprises streamlined sealed housing divided by waterproof baffles into compartments, light-optical hardware built around LEDs arranged at buoy head section, and stabilisation ballast. Cylindrical container is arranged inside said housing to accommodate the rod displacing in guides secured to said container along its axis and provided with stabilisation ballast secured to rod end. Thrust flange is rigidly attached to said rod to rest upon spring arranged between on of rod guides and thrust flange. Rotor with permanent magnets of linear electric generator is fitted on rod at the center. Linear generator stator is secured at cylindrical container inner surface. Stator winding is connected to input of charging device. Charging device output is connected to storage battery supplying light-optical hardware. In compliance with the second version, stabilisation ballast is attached to cylindrical container. One end of the rod is secured to buoy sealed housing. Thrust flange is rigidly secured at the rod. Spring is fitted atop the rod between upper guide and thrust flange.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher power supply.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: device for electric power generation due to water surface sloshing contains mechanical wave energy converter 3 connected kinematically with electric generator 6 in floated hull 2. Device is equipped with potential energy storage unit 4, self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement and gear systems. Mechanical wave energy converter 3 is connected through one gear system to potential energy storage unit 4 limited by drive gears and spinning spring fixed on it; through another gear system it is connected to self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement that transfers rotational torque to drive gear on shaft of electric generator 6.

EFFECT: design allowing conversion of wave and tide energy into electric power by reasonable method and provision of its uniform production.

7 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: wave structure 1 of water surface is used as primary source. In the section of the specified surface area of the above structure 1 there arranged is conversion system (CS) 2 on the basis at least of two discrete modules in the form of linear electromagnetic transducers 3 including relatively movable electrically insulated winding 4 and magnetic system 5, 51 with positive buoyancy, which is located inside it. Electromagnetic transducers 3 are integrated to CS 2 by means of mechanical communications. Mechanical communications are formed in the form of rigid volume wave-permeable grid structure 7 with positive buoyancy, which is structurally managed with possibility of providing minimum vertical movement relative to central plane 8 of wave structure 1. Electrically insulated winding 4 in each module is rigidly fixed in vertical seats of grid structure 7 so that wave permeability of this winding 4 is provided. Positive buoyancy of magnetic system 5, 51 in each module is managed by means of kinematic communication of its upper part with float 6. For that purpose, float 6 is arranged with possibility of location at least of its upper part in the area of wave structure 1 of water surface. Wave energy plant is provided for method's implementation. The construction is simplified owing to necessary fixture of each discrete module of energy system relative to the water reservoir bottom, providing current collection from virtually fixed elements of discrete modules.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency.

18 cl, 2 dwg

Sea ice buoy // 2399546

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment intended for buoyage of the waterway and prevention of navigation threats in autumn-winter and spring periods. Sea buoy comprises streamline body divided by watertight baffles into compartments, LED optical hardware arranged in buoy head part, stabilizing ballast secured on buoy tail and self-contained power supply arranged in buoy body tail compartment. Self-contained power supply represents inertial power producing unit arranged inside buoy body. Said power plant comprises capacitative molecular electric power accumulator (two-layer capacitor), accumulator charging device comprising DC generator, voltage relay-generator with its rotor rigidly jointed with turbine blade (for example, Wells turbine), turbine wheel drive, cylindrical air chamber rigidly secured to tail compartment upper bulkhead. Said air chamber accommodates inertial piston rigidly connected by spring dampers to air chamber top and bottom. Said dampers have hole to receive two air tubes for compressed air to pass from air chamber to turbine wheel blades.

EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, simplified operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises buoy, autonomous electrical source and recharging power device with mechanism of its connection to source, inertial piston arranged with the possibility of reciprocal motion up and down due to vertical movements of buoy under action of water surface oscillations and spring shock absorbers. Output of device via mechanism of connection is connected to input of source. Plant is equipped with air turbine, for instance Wells turbine, and air-conducting tubes. Inside buoy there are the following components arranged - source in the form of capacitance molecular accumulator of energy on the basis of double-layer capacitor and recharging device, including DC generator with relay-voltage controller. Its rotor is rigidly connected to blade wheel of turbine, and mechanism of rotation with air reservoir of cylindrical shape, inside of which there is a piston arranged as fixed on top and bottom inside reservoir body with the help of shock absorbers. In lower and upper part of reservoir there are holes arranged, to which tubes are fixed rigidly, and their location provides for motion of air flow to blades of turbine wheel, caused by oscillating reciprocal movements of piston.

EFFECT: simplified technical design of wave power plants, increased reliability, durability and simplification of their operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the power industry field, in particular electrogenerating installations using sea waves energy. Pulse wave energy converter contains movable multilink structure consisting of modules with local energy-transducer implemented in the form of movable connected one relative to other floating blocks with winding, condensing installation and rectifying installation. Modules are outfitted by electromagnets with detachable core and located on it magnetised and power winding. Magnetising windings are directly or through adjusting resistor are connected to common buses. Power winding are connected to them through rectifying installation. Buses are connected to condensing installation. Components of detachable core are connected to adjoining blocks.

EFFECT: simplification of design; increasing of coefficient of efficiency by means of self-optimise of operation mode.

3 dwg

Wave energy plant // 2286476

FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.

EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.

1 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to marine energy, namely, devices for converting wave, natural and local ocean currents into electrical energy in the open sea

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: installation for conversion of roll and pitch energy of the going vessel comprises a body of anticorrosive material with ratchet mechanisms arranged in parallel to its sides, one end of the mechanisms is placed in the rear part of the installation while the second is in the front part and is fixed to the cylinder-shaped shaft. Both ends are interconnected by a circuit connected to side outputs of a rectangular tank placed inside the installation. On the top of the tank there are a front and rear handles. Wheels of the tank are placed at the rails fixed to the installation bottom. Between rails in the front and rear part of the installation there are spring-type brake systems consisting of a heel and a spring. At the installation top part, from inwards, at both sides there are gripping mechanisms, which consist of a latch hook, a lock and spring.

EFFECT: simplification of the installation design, reduction of manufacturing costs.

5 dwg

Hydraulic unit // 2534642

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic unit for removal of energy from wave movement. Automatic adjustable hydraulic unit 200 for conversion of wave energy includes pump 201 intended for fluid medium pumping through hydraulic unit 200. Pump 201 has housing 202 forming chamber 203 and piston 207 allowing separation of chamber 203 into working compartment 208 and blind compartment 209. A provision is made for an activating element that is connected to piston 207. The inlet hole is interconnected with working compartment 208 of chamber 203 so that a provision of fluid medium flowing from the inlet hole to working compartment 208 of chamber 203 is provided. The outlet hole is interconnected with working compartment 208 of chamber 203 so that a possibility of fluid medium flowing from working compartment 208 of chamber 203 to the outlet hole is provided. A provision is made for a hydraulic control device having a possibility of control of pump 201 by controlling the fluid medium pressure at the inlet hole and the outlet hole so that optimisation of pump 201 output power as a response to tidal variations and/or sea state is provided. Control of the fluid medium pressure at the inlet hole and the outlet hole is performed in compliance with a control algorithm.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at achievement of higher volumes of production at lower costs.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: hydrojet device includes a water passage with nozzles formed with vertical side walls and flat plates. The water passage is divided at least into two cascades. Each successive cascade has bigger height. Cascades are connected to each other by means of connection planks. Each cascade of the water passage has upper and lower outside channels, at least one upper inner nozzle, one lower inner nozzle and one central nozzle. An inlet water intake hole of the central nozzle is located vertically and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the water passage. Connection planks are inclined to the longitudinal axis of the water passage in a vertical plane. The water passage diverges along the longitudinal axis of the water passage in a horizontal plane. Flat plates are bent symmetrically and in a convex manner relative to the longitudinal axis of the water passage in a horizontal plane so that a blunt angle is formed. Water flow turbulisers formed with spiral-shaped vertical strips are installed on the outer side of the side walls of the water passage.

EFFECT: improving use efficiency of a hydrojet device at conversion of oscillating motion energy of a ship to hydrojet energy.

3 dwg

Wave power plant // 2482325

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wave power plant contains at least one float 1 or several interconnected floats. The float 1 is shaped asymmetrically relative to the waves propagation direction; alternatively, the interconnected floats are positioned asymmetrical relative to the waves propagation direction. The said asymmetrical shape or the said asymmetrical position results in a circular motion of the float 1 or the element linking the interconnected floats in response to the pushing action of a series of waves propagating in the said direction. The power plant additionally contains elements for converting circular movement into rotation for extraction of energy.

EFFECT: conversion of waves reciprocating movement immediately into continuous rotation.

18 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: transmission (10) is supported by turbine (5) housing and includes inlet (12), outlet (20) and gear train (14, 16) between inlet and outlet, which is intended to increase the rotation speed at the outlet in comparison to the inlet. Gear train includes many gear wheels for transmission of torque from inlet to outlet. Transmission also includes static carrier (44) of stage of planetary transmission (14), which is elastically connected to housing (50) of turbine to receive reactive torque of a single elastic gear train. Transmission also includes elastic support that includes extended torsional element (60) designed for elastic twisting around torsional axis (C).

EFFECT: improvement of turbine transmission design.

11 cl, 12 dwg

Hydrojet unit // 2447316

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: hydrojet unit contains water conduit as system of channels with input water intake holes, vertical side walls and horizontal curved walls in channels cross-section. Water conduit is divided into two or more cascades and in each cascade there are systems getting narrower along flow direction of channels. Each further cascade has bigger height. Side walls of each conduit cascade are made with front and rear edges bevelled along the flow direction. Each conduit cascade has upper and lower outside channels, at least one upper inner channel, one lower inner channel and one central channel. At each side wall of cascades there vertical chambers formed by concave plates along rear edge of vertical side walls.

EFFECT: invention allows improvement of hydrojet unit efficiency at conversion of roll and pitch energy of a ship into hydraulic-jet energy.

3 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: device for data transmission over water surface - marine notification column (MNC) - contains mast with equipment to receive and transmit communication signals, pivotally connected via rods with at least three floats connected with device for electric power generation made capable to convert work executed during relative movement of the floats and the mast into electric power as well as mooring device located in the lower part of the mast. MNC is also equipped with solar battery installed on the mast and being capable to be folded and deployed. The system of data transmission over water surface contains MNCs spaced-apart on marine and/or ocean water surface in at least one chain or network so that robust communication is ensured, and fixed in their locations using mooring devices. It is easy to estimate that to cover with complete square grid of MNCs with square side of 40 km providing robust communication in all directions of various water surfaces of seas and oceans it would be enough and to spare to have 200000 such masts.

EFFECT: obtaining information from remote regions, communication over marine space, placement of data transmission device directly on sea surface and providing robust communications within World ocean.

7 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: hydraulic jet device includes water conduit made in the form of system of channels with inlet water intake holes, which is located symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis, vertical side walls common for all channels and horizontal curved walls in cross section of the channels, which form nozzles converging in the flow direction, which are meant for conversion of mechanical energy of the ship's pitching to hydraulic jet energy. At that, on each side wall of channels on outer side of water conduit there is vertical chamber with inlet hole on the side of front side of water conduit; vertical side walls have front and rear edges which are chamfered in the flow direction, each of which forms an angle respectively on the inlet side, to water conduit and on outlet side from it with vertex of an angle, which is located on longitudinal axis of water conduit; water conduit has upper and lower external channels, at least two internal upper and two internal lower channels and one central channel; at that, inlet water intake hole of central channel is located vertically, perpendicular to water conduit longitudinal axes; external walls of upper and lower external channels are concave relative to water conduit longitudinal axes; upper and lower walls of upper and lower internal channels respectively, which are common with channels adjacent to them of upper and lower external and internal channels, as well as upper and lower walls of central channel consist of straight plates with concave inlet section relative to water conduit longitudinal axis; at inlet of central channel in the middle between its horizontal curved walls there installed with possibility of being bent relative to its inlet edge is horizontal flat plate the inlet edge of which protrudes forward and is located in front of inlet water intake hole of central channel; at the inlet of external and internal channels there installed are flow turbulators made in the form of the rods located in middle section between curved walls across the flow entering the channels, and vertical chambers are formed with concave plates located along rear edge of vertical side walls so that concave plates form together with side walls of water conduit the convergent-divergent nozzles.

EFFECT: increasing use efficiency of hydraulic jet device at conversion of pitching energy of ship to hydraulic jet energy.

3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: store of energy created with wind force includes sufficient amount of energy to meet the demands of the whole mankind. The invention represents effective device supplying this energy store for practical use. On rotating drive shaft 3 there installed is a pair of shaped parts 1, 2 of convex and concave profile, open V-shaped profile with rounded top, which reverses its orientation through 180 degrees, i.e. it is rotated from convex state to concave state. Drive shaft is rotated through 180 degrees. Circular movement of water, which takes place in the wave, effectively brings into operation such turbine, while the wave dies away. Pair of concave and convex shaped parts 1, 2 is spirally spread about drive shaft 3, by means of which the streams in all directions, which come into contact with pair of shaped parts, create the torque moment.

EFFECT: improving the use efficiency of streams and multidirectional oscillatory movements occurring in waves.

25 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: hydraulic jet device includes water conduit made in the form of system of channels with inlet water intake holes, which are located symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis, vertical side walls common for all channels and with curved walls which are horizontal in cross section of channels, which form nozzles converging in the flow direction and having the outlet holes for conversion of mechanical energy of the ship's rolling to hydraulic jet energy. System contains three stages of energy conversion, which are located one after the other. Each of the stages is made in the form of system of channels located one above the other in vertical longitudinal plane of the water conduit section and symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis.

EFFECT: increasing use efficiency of hydraulic jet device at conversion of wave energy to hydraulic jet energy.

5 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: power station comprises underwater wave-receiving blade mounted for permitting rocking around the axle, hydraulic pump, and fluid-operated motor provided with electric generator. The wave-receiving blade is provided with the hydraulic accumulator built in its intermediate section and drain tank. The hydraulic pump is provided with the diaphragm and has two ways. The flexible diaphragms are arranged from the outsides of the wave-receiving blade.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

3 dwg

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