Mounted combined machine
SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises articulated three frame sections with working tools. Front and second sections (1) and (7) are coupled by hydraulic cylinder (16) for upward turn of second section (7) on pins (9) of articulation with front section (1). Front and third sections (1) and (13) are coupled by con-rod (17) with pins (18) and (19) of these sections. Con-rod (17) pin axle (18) is located ahead of and above pin (10) of articulation between first and second sections (1) and (7). Pin (19) of articulation between con-rod (17) with frame third section (13) is fitted on its top end ahead of pin of articulation between second and third sections (7) and (13). Pin (19) has crosswise bore to receive con-rod and can turn about its axis. In run-in position, distance between remote points of pins (18) and (19) for con-rod (17) is smaller than its working length (S), In working position, said distance equals the con-rod (17) working length while angle between second and third sections (7) and (13) is not smaller than 90 degrees.
EFFECT: reliable conversion from in-run to working position.
2 cl, 3 dwg
The invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to combined machines.
Known combined tillage machine containing three-section along the length of the frame and fixed thereto, the working bodies of the USSR No. 604527, MKI7A01B 59/04). To improve longitudinal stability and decreasing dimension in height frame made in sections pivotally interconnected and further conjugated by means of hydraulic cylinders which lift the sections and the translation machine in transport position.
A disadvantage of the known construction is that each of the hinged connection of the sections required in the hydraulic cylinder, and providing a working position of the sections requires rigid fixation manually, which is connected with the tractor from the tractor cab.
The closest to the technical nature of the claimed is selected as a prototype combined tillage machine, comprising a series arrangement pivotally connected and further connected by a cylinder frame sections with disc and ripping the working bodies and the roller (Pat. OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION NO. 2483508, A01B 59/04). In transport position the frame on the side view has a Z-shape. When shifting from transport to working position, a second frame section (Ripper working bodies),turning is lowered, the angle between it and the third frame section with the roller increases, but even rink in contact with the soil remains less than 90°. Therefore, when lowering the car rink, usually not rolled back, and he rolled forward and prevents the penetration of the working bodies, placed in front of him. This shortcoming makes it difficult to use the machine.
An object of the invention is to provide a reliable translation machine from the transport position into the working position.
The technical problem is solved in that the curtain combined machine containing a consistent set pivotally coupled three sections of the frame with the working bodies, such as disk and ripping on the front and second sections, and rollers mounted on the lower end of the third section of the frame, the front and second sections are connected by a hydraulic cylinder to rotate the second section on the fingers of her pivotally mates with the first section, according to the invention the front and the third sections of the frame are connected by a rod pivotally coupled with the fingers mounted on these sections, on the front section, the axis of the finger to pull on the front and above the axis of the finger pivotally connecting the first and second sections of the frame, the finger swivel thrust to the third section of the frame is located at its upper end in front of the axis of the pin�connection of the second and third frame sections and, at least one finger to install traction is made rotatable about its axis, in addition, when the transport position of the machine the distance between the most distant points of the fingers to install the thrust is less than its operating length, and rink in contact with the soil, this distance is equal to the working length of pull, and the angle between the second and third frame sections, at least not less than 90°. In addition, the working length of pull is made adjustable.
The invention is illustrated by drawings. Fig.1 shows a hinged combined machine in transport position, side view; Fig.2 - the same, before penetration of the working bodies rink in contact with the soil, side view. Fig.3 shows the position of the frame of the rink at the time of his contact with the soil in the absence of thrust between the first and third sections, side view.
Hinged combined machine contains three consecutively placed pivotally coupled to the frame section. On the front section 1 with a hinge device 2 and jaws 3, 4 contains the open and closed grooves 5, installed the disc operating 6. In the second section of the frame 7 is fixed shank working bodies 8 and the connecting fingers 9 disposed in the front of the frame and installed in open grooves 4, and the fingers 10 is in closed grooves 5. The rear part of the section 7 contains the cheeks 11 of the fingers 12, which are installed tert�I section 13 of the frame. At its lower end is fixed boronka 14 and an ice rink 15. Front 1 and the second section of the frame 7 are further connected by a hydraulic cylinder 16 which, when the transport folding machine turns up the second section 7 of the 10 fingers her swivel front section 1.
Front 1 and the third section 13 of the frame connected by rods 17 pivotally mounted on both sides of the section 7 of the frame on the fingers 18 placed on the cheeks 3 1 front section of the frame and rotating about its axis, the fingers 19 on the upper ends of the third section 13. Rod 17 contains the eyelet for mounting on the finger 18 and the pivot pin 19 has a transverse hole for the mounting of traction 17. The axis of the finger 18 is placed in front of and above the axis of the finger 10. Pivot pin 19 is located in front of the axis of the finger 12 swivel 7 second and third frame sections 13.
In the transport position of the machine the distance l between the most distant points of the fingers 18 and 19 is less than the working length 5 thrust, and when shifting from transport to working position and the contact of the rink 15 with the soil, the distance l is equal to the working length of s rods 17, and the angle β between the second 7 and third frame sections 13 is at least not less than 90°.
The working length of s thrust 17 consider the distance from the point of eyelets closest to the front end 17 to thrust element (nut) limiting the movement of the thrust rotation�now one of the finger 19. Working length s thrust 17 is made adjustable by means of nuts on the end of it. Length adjustment of traction 17 when changing roll diameter 15 or shank type bodies 8.
In the second section of the frame 7 can be installed (with a chisel) support wheel 20 with screw adjustment mechanisms for depth, brackets 21 limiting the turning down of section 13 of the frame and lowering the rink 15-transportation of the machine, and adjusting bolts 22 that limits the turn-up section 13 of the frame and the depth of the machine when it is working without wheels.
The device operates as follows.
When shifting from operating position to transport position her maglubiyet by means of a hinged device of a tractor, then a hydraulic cylinder 16 is moved forward second section of the frame 7 with 10 fingers until it stops in front of the rib grooves 5 and the release of the fingers 9 from open grooves 4, then section 7, turning on the fingers 8, together with section 13 of the frame will rise up into the transport position. While turning the fingers 19 are some down thrust) 17, the thrust is rotated by the finger 18 and the frame 13 with the roller 15 is rotated by the fingers 12 and is lowered until it stops in the brackets 21. In the transport position of the machine the distance l between the most distant points of the fingers 18 and 19 is less than the working length s of thrust.
When shifting from �transport position into the working position by a hydraulic cylinder 16 is rotated section 7 of the frame and lower the car to the supporting surface. The finger 9 comes into the open groove 4, and a hydraulic cylinder 16 moves backward second section of the frame 7. Since the thrust axis of rotation 17 (the axis of the finger 18) placed in front of and above the axis of the finger 10, when approaching the rink 15 to the supporting surface of the rod 17, by acting on the pivot pin 19, section 13 rotates the frame and deflects it back from the vertical position. While working length thrust s=l, and the angle between frames 7 and 13 is at least 90°. Upon further lowering of the machine rink 15 on the support surface (soil) would move backwards, preventing the penetration of the working bodies mounted on front 1 and second frame sections 7.
When the machine is a hydraulic cylinder 16 is set to "neutral". Under the action of traction resistance section 7 of the frame remains in the backwards position, additional fixation is required.
The use of this device allows to provide reliable shifting from transport to working position.
1. Hinged combined machine containing a consistent set pivotally coupled three sections of the frame with the working bodies, for example, with disc and ripping on the front and second sections, and rollers mounted on the lower end of the third section of the frame, the front and second sections are connected by a hydraulic cylinder to rotate the second section on your fin�x her pivotally mates with the front section, characterized in that the front and the third sections of the frame are connected by a rod pivotally coupled with the fingers mounted on these sections, with the front section, the axis of the finger to pull on the front and above the axis of the finger pivotally connecting the first and second sections of the frame, the finger swivel thrust to the third section of the frame is located at its upper end in front of the swivel axis of the second and third frame sections and is made rotatable about its axis, in addition, in the transport position of the machine the distance between the most distant points of the fingers to install the thrust is less than its working length, a rink in contact with the soil it is equal to the working length of pull, and the angle between the second and third frame sections, at least not less than 90°.
2. Hinged combined machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the working length of pull is made adjustable.
SUBSTANCE: machine comprises chassis, engine, control cabin, link mechanism, and at least two working sets joined to link mechanism of agricultural machine by means of link frame. At least two working sets are arranged with the possibility of rotation between working position, in which working sets are arranged substantially horizontally and transversely to direction of working movement, and transport position, in which working sets are arranged substantially above chassis. Link mechanism is connected to chassis through rigid structure, which is connected to chassis by means of transverse hinged joint. Between chassis and rigid structure there is at least one drive to provide for rotation of rigid structure around transverse hinged joint.
EFFECT: improved efficiency, simplified design, reduced dimensions and expanded functional capabilities.
15 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: device contains the first part of oscillation shaft, the second part of oscillation shaft; collapsible pivot, connecting the first and the second part of oscillation shaft and facilitating displacement of instrument section relative to each other. Collapsible pivot contains device for adjusting of angular position of the first part of oscillation shaft. Farm implement allows multitude of sections, herewith instrument contains device for oscillation shaft.
EFFECT: facilitation of instrument section displacement.
18 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to the combination tillage tools with replaceable working bodies. The combined tillage tool consists of a frame (1) of hinged colter-mouldboard plough, a support wheel (2) with the mechanism (3) of tillage depth control, replaceable working bodies: blade cultivator hoes (4) or the plough housings. The operating width of the blade cultivator hoe (4) is equal to twice the operating width of the plough housing. The tool has a disc section (6). The disc section (6) has an operating width equal to the overall width of the plough housings. When the tool is equipped with the blade cultivator hoes (4) the additional disc section (7) is mounted behind them, as well as the extender (11) of the frame with the additional odd-numbered bracket for mounting the last blade cultivator hoe (4). The disc sections are mounted on the offset beams (8) and rigidly fixed relative to the frame (1). The disc sections (6 and 7) have the tillage depth control mechanism (9) and the mechanism (10) of changing the angle of attack.
EFFECT: design implementation of tool provides high quality of primary soil tillage and enables to improve the energy efficiency of the basic treatment due to the more efficient use of power of traction vehicle.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises milling the soil as strips. The soil of milled strip is subjected to separation. Unseparated part of the soil is subjected to impact action, followed by separation, accompanied by crushing of undisrupted clumps of soil on the rods and pushing them into the gaps between the rods of the separating grid. The device comprises a milling drum, a rear rotor the separating grid located behind it. The working bodies of the rear rotor are made in the form of rubber blades. The blades strike the clumps falling on a wide plate fastening the rods of the separating grid.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of agronomically valuable aggregates over the entire thickness of the treated land.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: rotary subsoil cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, the driveless ripper working bodies installed in series, forcibly rotating rotor with teeth on the horizontal shaft, the rotor drive mechanisms, and a compactor. The ripper working bodies are made in the form of spherical discs. The discs are mounted with an angle of attack in front of the rotor teeth and are facing with the convex to the longitudinal axis of the subsoil cultivator. The diameter of the rotor is at least one and a half times greater than the diameter of the discs. The discs are arranged above the lower line of the rotor body of revolution by an amount exceeding not less than half the radius of the disc. The devices for connection of the discs with the frame are made with elastic elements. The compactor is made with adjustable limitation of lifting height. The rotor teeth are provided with replaceable cutting devices. The discs are made adjustable in height and fixed on the spring-loaded or spring racks.
EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption of loosening the soil by rotary subsoil cultivator and cost of power to the rotor drive, providing sustainable performance of processing the agricultural backgrounds with weed vegetation.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to vegetable farming. The method is implemented by means of laying of milled soil for the formed furrows to the surface of unprocessed soil. For long-term provision of cultivated crop with accessible (capillary) water entering the soil mass with capillary porosity, formed within a long period after qualitative autumn treatment the dried surface layer of this mass id destructed and removed. Meanwhile newly formed surface layer additionally compacted, that prevents to excessive loss of capillary water. The soil with non-capillary porosity hard-worked on the usual mass making side slopes and sowing layer, forming the hole soil mass as a furrow slice. The device includes the power shaft, fixed on the frame, with interspaces between milling drums with covers, shaping furrow slices. Meanwhile it is equipped with chains fixed on the driving shaft in interspaces between the milling drums.
EFFECT: group of inventions allows to prevent an excessive loss of capillary water and for a long time to provide the cultivated crops with accessible water.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises cutting, crumbling of the treated soil layer, the layer turnover, the destruction of "plough pan" and formation of slits with the inter-slit distance of 70-90 cm. When crumbling the upper part of the treated layer its turnover is carried out in both directions with respect to the rack of the working body and movement to the field surface with the formation of cavities in the passage ways of the working bodies to form a ridge on the untreated part of the field surface. Then with the working bodies of the second row the process of formation of cavities is repeated. Then with the working bodies of the following rows cutting, crumbling of the untreated surface of the field to greater depth is carried out, moving it into the formed cavities and forming slits. Then the surface of the field is levelled. The tool comprises a frame consisting of longitudinal and transverse beams. The frame is provided with replaceable working bodies located to form parallel rows, enabling treatment of soil over the entire working width of the tool. The working bodies are made in the form of removable A-blades mounted on the rack, consisting of right and left ploughshares in the direction of motion. The ploughshares are made of triangular or quadrangular form, located with displacement of the cutting edges and have mouldboards. The working bodies are fixed to the longitudinal beams of the frame using the racks. The left and right ploughshares are mounted with displacement of 0.5-1.5 width of the ploughshare relative to each other horizontally and are located at an angle of 20-35° to the horizontal and 30-55° to the vertical planes. The cutting edges of the ploughshares are formed with displacement of 0-30 mm relative to each other vertically. On the rack of the working body over the ploughshares the right and left mouldboards are mounted at an angle of 25-50° relative to the side part of the rack in the horizontal plane and at an angle of 25-40° relative to the front part of the rack in the vertical plane. The lower edges of the mouldboards are made with the cutting at an angle of 20-40° relative to the horizontal plane. In the front part of the rack at the junction place of the left and right mouldboards the fairing is mounted made of a rod with the cross-section of a circle or part of a circle, corresponding to the length of conjugation of the mouldboards from the upper part of one of the ploughshares to the upper part of conjugation of the mouldboards. Two last rows of the working bodies consist of a rack, a fairing and a chisel, fixed through the side slot on the front part of the rack of the working body, which is attached to the equalizer by means of brackets. The working bodies of each of the next row are located with displacement with respect to the working bodies of the previous row.
EFFECT: technology and constructive implementation enable to improve the quality of soil treatment and to reduce the tractive resistance.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a first row and a second row, located behind it, of earthmoving working bodies and at least one row of discs for forming soil. The adjacent working bodies of the first row are located at a first distance from each other, and the adjacent working bodies of the second row are located at a second distance from each other. The row of discs for forming soil is located behind the second row of earthmoving working bodies. The adjacent discs are located not at equal distance. The distance between the adjacent discs is greater or smaller depending on the fact whether the distance is located between the adjacent discs behind the working body of the first row or behind the working body of the second row. According to a second embodiment the tools of the earthmoving working bodies of the first and second rows are located at a predetermined distance from each other. The third embodiment of the tool provides location of the earthmoving working bodies of the first and second rows at equal distance, designed to form the first and second groups of recessions and groups of berms in the soil, at equal distance from each other. Each of the recesses in the second group of recesses is located approximately centrally of the corresponding berm from the group of berms and between the adjacent recesses of the first group of recesses. The second group of recesses is deeper than the first group of recesses. The discs for forming soil are designed for forming the first and second groups of recesses and berms to ensure the equal release of soil.
EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to ensure uniformity of location of recesses on the surface of the treated area, which enables to retain moisture in the soil and to facilitate sowing of seeds.
20 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: on the frame the working members for soil treatment are fixed. The support wheels have swing arms and are equipped with ground cleaners in the form of the metal plates. The swing arms of support wheels are equipped with brackets with holes. Cleaners are installed on brackets with a possibility of regulation through the holes in brackets of the angle of their setup with reference to the direction of the unit motion. The value of the angle of setup of the cleaners with reference to the direction of the unit motion does not exceed the value of the angle of steel-soil friction with the humidity.
EFFECT: lowering of traction resistance of the unit.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machine industry, in particular to rotary tillers. The tiller contains hinge, rotor, central conic and board reducers, protective cover, holding tank. The holding tank is made as a lattice bucket. In the bottom of the tank an unloading hatch and support beam with raning roller on hallow stands. Inside the hollow stands the pushers with springs are installed. On the roller axle the protuberances are provisioned. The protuberances interact with pushers and shake the holding tank at motion.
EFFECT: qualitative loosening of soil and its solid lamps, and also their final elimination from the field surface is ensured.
SUBSTANCE: multifunctional plow for primary tillage comprises a frame with support height-adjustable wheels, a hinge system. The frame comprises a carrier beam fixedly located at an angle of 45° to the direction of movement, with chisels mounted on it. The chisels are made in the form of a circular pipe with the end and the cut curved radially, closed by chisel of elliptical shape with hard-alloy welding. Parallel to the carrier beam an additional beam is located. On the platform of the additional beam welded on the edge the electrical drive is mounted. The electrical drive is kinematically connected to the racks placed with the ability of rotation on the additional beam, located behind the chisels. The racks are welded to the spherical discs equipped with eccentricities and rings with a parallelogram cross-section. The rings are sharpened and mounted on circumference of the spherical disc and with the ability of rotation on its axis.
EFFECT: enhanced functionality and performance capabilities of the device, reducing labour costs for re-equipment, reduction of energy costs, and improvement of quality of soil treatment.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: tiller comprises frame with trailer supported by two rear pneumatic wheels. Fenders are articulated with the frame while packing sections are staggered with frontal overlap. Packing sections consists of frames with bearing assemblies and shafts. Two pneumatic wheels are fitted on the frame via levers secured to the frame from below and interconnected by the beam. Fenders are arranged at the frame to displace upward. Wheels are fitted at outer ends of the fenders. Fenders are connected with the frame via suspensions and lifting levers. Lifting levers are connected via hydraulic cylinders with levers of the wheels. Frame lifting relative to pneumatic wheels is limited by posts with the frame retaining pins at transport position. Packing section shafts are equipped with helical strips of width a secured at spacing C and pitch t to make angle δ with generatrix describing the cylindrical surface of packing section in diameter D. Inclination of helical strip projection on whatever surface extending through section axis to their axes makes β. Section frames are mounted on the frame and fenders via parallelogram mechanisms and turn-buckles and crossbars to make packing sections located behind the fenders to cover the wheels fitted at edges of said fenders. All packing sections are located at angle α between tiller direction and perpendicularly to section axes diverted to the side of angle β for complete compaction of field under crop. Angle α is defined by relationship:
EFFECT: higher quality of tillage.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method involves shallow plowing, deep basic tillage and surface tillage (cultivation) of soil by cutting furrows; after harvesting of cereals, performing simultaneously shallow plowing, surface tillage of soil to depth of up to 16 cm, crushing of soil lumps, compacting, leveling and mulching of soil top layer; in September, providing deep tillage of soil on fields arranged on slopes with gradient exceeding 5 deg while forming vertical slits to depth of 40 cm and inclined slits; simultaneously with slitting procedure, forming water-accumulating vessels, holes and intermittent furrows. Apparatus has hitch, carrier wheels, bearing system and replaceable working tools in the form of disk batteries, flat narrow hoes, rippers with chisel, ring-and-serrated roller, and leveling drum. Blades of leveling drum are arranged at an angle α=30 deg relative to drum axis.
EFFECT: reduced soil erosion and provision for retention of moisture in soil root layer.
3 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, minimal tillage of soil for cultivation of farm crops on farm and home plots.
SUBSTANCE: method involves deep mellowing, disking and rotavation of surface layer by combining local deep mellowing of soil to 25-32 cm depth and disking by semi-helical mellowing by means of out-of-phase spherical half-disks of intermediate mid layer disposed at 14-32 cm depth and rotavation of upper layer by means of L-shaped knives to 8-12 cm depth, said processes being effectuated in single cycle. Disking is provided by shifting of layer under process at an angle of attack in direction opposite to direction of backward motion of unit by means of one "from the right to the left" type half disk and backward motion by means of other "from the left to the right" type half disk from mid portion of full width of paired half disks. Deep mellowing is provided along longitudinal axis of symmetry of tractor in front of one pair of paired half disks, which is united with L-shaped cutter knives, and along passage tracks of tractor propeller before batteries of two pairs of paired out-of-phase half disks.
EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, substantially reduced draft and stabilized depth of advancement of tillage tools in longitudinal-vertical plane of movement of tillage unit.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, presowing tillage of soil.
SUBSTANCE: combined tillage tool has frame equipped with transport and carrier wheels and composed of central and side sections connected with one another through mechanism providing transfer from operating position to transport position and vice versa. Working tools are mounted in succession on frame, said tools are A-hoes, paired disk-type levelers and spiral-rod multithread paired front and rear rollers. Front rollers are pivotally connected with frame central and side sections for adjustment of their position in vertical plane. Rear rollers are pivotally connected with front roller bars and spring-loaded. Combined tool of such construction allows soil to be prepared for sowing of cereal crops.
EFFECT: provision for employment of tillage tool on different types of soils without necessity of additional readjustment, improved preparing of soil, increased efficiency, reduced labor intensity and power consumption, and reduced metal usage.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, agricultural engineering, pharmaceutical, confectionery, canned food, chemical, perfume, food-processing, tobacco industry and some special branches of industry.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mowing and grinding licorice vegetative buds and accompanying plants in association of low-productivity licorice undergrowth by means of haying machines to produce cuttings; while mowing, uniformly distributing ground mass over surface of mown strip; providing marker lines and placing planting material in narrow strips at predetermined spacing, with high-quality cuttings of 4-5 years licorice rootages of 12-18 mm diameter and 18-25 cm length being used as planting material; mellowing strips and cutting inclined slits by means of tillage tool; during advancement of machine, moving planting material into inclined slits; simultaneously with planting of cuttings, providing grooves for receiving of mineral fertilizer in surface of inclined wall of slit by means of slitter tine equipped with tiered cutters made in the form of rectangular parallelepipeds; placing nitrogenous fertilizer at norm of 0.2-0.6 kg/running meter in upper tier and phosphorous fertilizer at norm of 1.3-1.8 kg/running meter in middle tier; introducing into lower layer potash fertilizer at norm of 0.8-1.6 kg/running meter for development of plants at second and third years of life; after introducing of mineral fertilizer and placing of cuttings, compacting mellowed strips above inclined slits by means of ring-lug roller sections. Nozzle of pneumatic pipeline is arranged above each cutter. Each pneumatic pipeline is individually connected with seeding unit for withdrawal from fertilizer box of nitrogenous, phosphorous or potash fertilizer. Seeding units are kinematically connected with supporting wheel. Each pneumatic pipeline of tine-cutter is connected with pressure cavity of high-pressure fan equipped with hydraulic drive.
EFFECT: increased yield of green mass and provision for applying of mineral fertilizer to different soil depth.
3 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, soil tillage equipment used for cultivation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: tillage machine has frame, rake-type grid adapted for distributing straw over field in windrow spacings. Supporting-driving roller is arranged behind rake-type grid and is adapted for cutting part of straw by means of spines and for deepening cut straw into soil to plowing depth. Upon exit from under roller, straw is ground and mixed with soil. Rotavation drum knives provide for mellowing of soil behind roller. During operation with wet soil, roller spines and rotavation drum knives are mutually cleaned since said knives are positioned between said spines. Roller spines are made in the form of triangles whose one side is oriented in radial direction and other side is extending tangentially to roller circumference.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, uniform distribution of straw from straw windrows followed with grinding and embedding of ground straw, and improved quality of tillage.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for basic cultivation of solonetz soil in closed furrow mode and for surface cultivation of soil by rotavation method.
SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has frame, share, tiered rotavation drums disposed behind share and equipped with knives, drive mechanism made in the form of reducer and adapted for driving of rotavation drums, and seeding unit. Lower part of reducer is deepened into soil together with rotavation drums, which are adapted for rotation in opposite directions. Rotavation drums are arranged in spaced relation with respect to one another, rotate at equal angular speeds and have unequal diameters, with total value of diameters exceeding thickness of soil layer under tillage process. Share is positioned in front of rotavation drums and is deepened to depth equal to half the thickness of soil layer under tillage process. Gas distributing device disposed immediately behind share is connected through filter with exhaust pipe of tractor engine. Ratio of rotavation drum diameters, distance between axes of rotation of rotavation drums and angular offset are set in accordance with respective dependence.
EFFECT: improved quality of basic tillage of solonetz soil.
FIELD: agriculture and agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method involves compacting soil and imparting rough surface thereto during licorice postharvest period; cutting into agronomically valuable fractions of large lumps and soil aggregates while continuously advancing on strip surface and on slopes in the vicinity of ditch; moving soil therefrom into mid portion of ditch during strip soil compaction and forming groove-type drain with water-distributing slot along its axis; during extraction of licorice raw material, grinding 3-7% of root mass into 10-25 cm long pieces with one-five dormant auxiliary buds and leaving in mid portion of layer of strip to be harvested. Machine for extraction of licorice roots has frame, carrier wheels and undercutting device mounted on H-shaped bar and coupled to frame for automatic displacement into transport position. Drive members are disposed in longitudinal beams of H-shaped bar, which is additionally fixed on frame through variable length tie-rods. Machine is further equipped with toothed rotor driven from tractor. At least one of teeth located on mid portion of rotor is provided with replaceable knife, which is arranged on peripheral part of tooth, is made of inversion type and is provided with blade. Ratio of blade and rotor lengths is within the range of (0.03-0.07):1. Knife is mounted at tooth end by means of shaft and cut-off pin.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in rehabilitating population of licorice of local ecotypes in natural brushes and on long-term licorice plantations, reduced time intervals between harvesting periods, increased yield of epiterranean buds and improved productivity of raw licorice material.
7 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tools for continuous tillage of soil.
SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has hitch tongue, frame, carrier wheels, levelers, two-raw covering rollers, mechanism for turning of transport wheels, and frame folding device. Transport wheel turning mechanism has hydraulic cylinder fixed on rotary bracket with adjustable thrust and connected with wheel crank shaft. Crank shaft is coupled to double-armed lever through bar, intermediate lever and tie-rod of adjustable length. Double-armed lever is coupled to hitch tongue through bar. Frame folding device is composed of hydraulic cylinder, lever and bar of variable length. The latter is connected through elongated slot to side section of frame.
EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage and wider operational capabilities.