Undercover soil disrupter
SUBSTANCE: undercover soil ripper comprises milling chisel plough knife with a rack (2) and a hollow mole blade. Inside the mole blade on the shaft (6) the thrust bearings (7) are mounted. The shaft (6) is connected through the connecting insert (12) to the soil disrupter (15) in the form of a conical spring. The connecting insert (12) has left-handed threaded recesses. The housing of the hollow mole blade with the thread on both ends is cut horizontally lengthwise in half. The halves (3, 4) of the mole blade are welded to the milling chisel plough and covered by the expansion head (8) and a nut (9) with the sealing ring (10). The side slits of the mole blade housing are sealed with flat gaskets in the form of an I-beam. The spring of the disrupter in the front part is made in the form of a cylinder in the middle part in the form of a cone with the angle of expansion α=15…25°, in the rear part in the form of the rotation paraboloid y=xn, where n=0.5…0.7. The cross-section of the spring in the working part is made in the form of a wedge with an angle of inclination to the axis of the spring wire β=10…20°. The working face of the spring is coated with a layer of wear-resistant material.
EFFECT: ensuring quick assembly and disassembly of the mole blade and intensive quality soil crumbling.
3 cl, 4 dwg
The invention relates to the agricultural industry, in particular, to devices for subsurface tillage prone to wind and water erosion.
Known rippers soil working bodies which are made in the form of extension springs or equal resistance, the front cylindrical portion which is fixed to the threaded tube [Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2113081, 1998] or in the loop . Of the Russian Federation No. 2112333, 1998].
These rippers passive and strongly deform the ground, creates a large tractive resistance.
A device for subsurface soil treatment containing saleres, core drainer on xelerate and connected with it by means of the hinge axis abrasively arch Ripper elements formed by conical logarithmic spiral [SU # A, 1984] (prototype).
Disadvantages: difficulty of manufacture, high cost of labor in the Assembly - disassembly for repair, loose soil particles, creates a large tractive resistance.
The problem to be solved by the invention is the creation of a quick-design of tenera and intensive high-quality crushing of soil.
This task is solved in that in a soil cultivating the cultivator of the soil on welaratna the knife is mounted a hollow body grenera threaded at the ends, which is sawn in half, the halves are welded to selectname the knife in front�th part screwed on the thread of the expansion head, in rear - nut with sealing ring, mounted inside the housing thrust bearings with shaft associated with the cultivator of the soil, side slit body grenera sealed flat strips in cross-section in the form of an I-beam. The front cylindrical end of the conical spring screw on lovespirals cut the threaded recess of the connecting wiring. The cone angle of the extension spring Ripper is α=15...25°, and the cross section of the spring in the working part is made in the form of a wedge, inclined to the axis of the spring wire at the angle β=10...20°, and the working face of the spring is covered with a wear-resistant material, for example, sorbitol. A variation of the spring Ripper is uniform: the front - cylinder, medium - cone, and in the rear - the paraboloid of revolution of y=xnwhere n=0,5...0,7.
Fig. 1 shows the working body of the soil cultivating of soil Ripper in section; Fig. 2 is a section along a - A of Fig. 1 housing tenera; Fig. 3 - section of the wire of the spring; Fig. 4 - working body with shank spring complex form.
To the rack 1 and fit 2 selectnode knife welded to the top 3 and bottom 4 of the housing halves 5 hollow grenera with threaded ends. The body of tenera made in the form of a hollow cylinder and cut in half lengthwise. Inside grenera on the shaft 6 are mounted thrust bearings 7, the housing grenera front screw secretpolice 8, and rear - nut 9 with a sealing ring 10. The side slit of the housing 5 grenera closed flat strips 11 in the form of an I-beam. The shaft 6 by means of the insert 12 having a left-hand helical groove 13 where is screwed a cylindrical spiral wrapping 14 Ripper, is connected with a conical Ripper 15 of the spring wire. The expansion angle of the conical Ripper α=15...25°. The cross section of the wire 16 in the working part is made wedge, the angle of inclination of the axis of the wedge is β=10...20°, the working face 17 is covered with a wear-resistant material, for example, sorbitol, layer thickness 0,2...0,4 mm. Form Ripper: length of a - cylindrical, the length of the in - conical, at length, in the form of a paraboloid of revolution y=xnwhere the exponent n=0,5...0,7.
The expansion angle α=15...25° is chosen from the condition that each subsequent round cut layer of soil without wrinkling it.
The angle of inclination of the axis of the wedge β=10...20° is chosen from the condition that the wedge was hard and sharpened the blade of the axe.
The design of the spring Ripper at the front of the cylinder for winding onto the insert in the middle - cone for cutting soil in the rear of the paraboloid of revolution of y=xn(n=0,5...0,7) for vspuchivanija (raised) loosened soil.
Soil cultivating Ripper works as follows. On the headland at the beginning of the lure sinks to the soil Ripper, seceretly but� 1 is buried in the soil, drainer 5 forms drains, and under the action of the transverse component of the reaction of the soil on the coils of the spring 15 Ripper they begin to rotate counterclockwise in the bearings 7 grenera 5. When moving the machine tapered portion of the shank of the spring gently, without crushing, cuts strips of soil that are crushed, forming a shank layer, the soil above the working body is lifted. If you increase the resistance (increase the density of the soil), the spring is stretched and loosened the diameter D of the soil decreases, decreasing the resistance of the diameter D increases. Spring wire allows the cultivator to adapt to changing soil conditions. Coating the verge of a wear-resistant material allows samozatachivanie a tool.
When disassembling Ripper Unscrew the nut 9, then 8 head, disconnected top 3 and bottom 4 of the housing halves 5, then turns the shaft 6 of the insert 12.
The use of the soil cultivating of soil Ripper allows you to form a wavy bottom, loose soil turnover, which greatly increases the moisture content. The implementation of the working body and shear elastic type reduces the tractive resistance. The implementation of tenera quick-allows you to quickly replace failed (broken) the working body. Labor productivity increases, Ulu�decreases the quality of soil loosening.
1. Soil cultivating Ripper soils containing seceretly knife with hollow grenera in which you installed the thrust bearings on the shaft associated with the cultivator of the soil in the form of conical springs, characterized in that the housing grenera made in the form of a hollow cylinder threaded on the ends, cut in half lengthwise welded to selectname the knife in front of screwed on the thread of the expander head, and at the rear is closed by a nut with o-ring, side slit body grenera sealed flat gaskets in the form of an I-beam, the spring agitator is in the front part is made in the form of a cylinder, in the middle - in the form of a cone, and in rear of a paraboloid of revolution y=xnwhere n=0,5...0,7, the cone angle of the extension spring Ripper is α=15...25°, and the cross section of the spring in the working part is made in the form of a wedge, inclined to the axis of the spring wire at the angle β= 10...20°.
2. Soil cultivating Ripper according to claim 1, characterized in that the front cylindrical end of the conical spring screw on lovespirals cut the threaded recess of the connector insert.
3. Soil cultivating Ripper according to claim 1, characterized in that the working face of the spring is covered with a wear-resistant material, such as sorbitol layer thickness 0,2...0,4 mm.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a vertical blade 1 with two wings 2 having cutting edges and cartridges 3. The vertical blade is equipped with an additional cartridge 4, firmly fixed in the base of the blade 1. The cartridges are made in the form of the cylinders truncated in front part with bevels directed upwards, and are rigidly fixed to the wings. The mole plow wings are mounted symmetrically to the blade vertical axis and directed upwards relative to the horizontal axis of the blade at an angle γ=12°-35°. The water-air regime of soil is improved, the surface flow is accelerated, the resistance to siltation and erosion of mole drains is increased, the ground water level is lowered, and the process of desalination of heavy soils is accelerates during the wash.
EFFECT: long and reliable operation of mole drainage.
FIELD: land-reclamation, particularly drainage building in flooded irrigated lands.
SUBSTANCE: method involves digging out channel in a single drainage machine pass by plow-type ditcher; dumping dug out fertile ground on channel brows in banks; digging out trench by operative tool of drainage machine; laying drainage pipe and covering thereof with ground; filling channel with fertile ground. Fertile ground layer is loosened before trench digging out along drainage pipe laying axis, wherein width of loosened ground strip is not less than operative tool width. Loosened ground is laid on channel brows. Trench is dug out by chain operative tool of narrow drainage machine performing reverse rotation and extracted ground is placed between trench walls and drainage machine bunker to cover drainage pipe moved into trench by guiding means. Trench is backfilled with ground with the use of two pairs of banks, which provides successive filling trench with ground and loosened fertile ground.
EFFECT: increased efficiency due to prevention of trench wall compaction, reduced power inputs.
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to pharmaceutical industry, namely to a composition for treating nicotine addiction by means of an electronic device intended to simulate tobacco smoking. A pharmaceutical composition for treating nicotine addiction by means of the electronic device comprising a cartridge simulating tobacco smoking with the use of vapour or fog generating compound containing water, glycerol, propylene glycol, contains citric acid additionally, as well as varenicline, or anabasin hydrochloride, or cytisin taken in certain relations. A method for preparing the pharmaceutical composition by mixing water, glycerol, propylene glycol and citric acid, as well as varenicline, or anabasin hydrochloride, or cytisin. The cartridge of the electronic device for simulating tobacco smoking. A method of treating nicotine addiction by means of simulating tobacco smoking by means of the electronic device.
EFFECT: pharmaceutical composition described above enables treating nicotine addiction effectively.
4 cl, 2 dwg, 5 tbl, 15 ex
SUBSTANCE: combined subsoil cultivator of a plough comprises a plough housing, a tubular rack, a chisel point, a mole plough, and an aerator nozzle. This constructive solution enables to improve soil fertility, and crop yields will increase accordingly.
EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve soil fertility due to simultaneous loosening of the subsurface layer, formation of molehill and aeration of subsurface soil layer.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a frame, a support wheel, a mechanism of attachment to the tractor, working bodies. The frame consists of a longitudinal, transverse and bearing bars. The working bodies are made with the controlled parameters of plough-bottom surface (PBS) and have a system of parameter regulation. The system of parameter regulation comprises a movable rod with a hydraulic cylinder. The bearing bar in the front part is pivotally connected to the transverse bar by means of an axis and with the ability of rotation relative to it. At the rear part the bearing bar is attached to the longitudinal bar using a rounded clamp. The clamp with its one end is rigidly fixed to the bearing bar and with the other end it is attached to the longitudinal bar by the fixing finger and slots, and also by the hydraulic cylinder. The openings are made on the longitudinal bar and the rounded clamp and have equal diameter. The hydraulic cylinder with one end is connected to the bearing bar and with the other end it is pivotally connected to the end of the transverse bar. The transverse bar is rigidly attached to the longitudinal bar perpendicular to it. At the other end of the transverse bar the finish loader of the mechanism of connection to the tractor is hingedly mounted. The racks of the working bodies of the plough are attached in the bearing bar using sleeves with the ability of rotation carried out by cranks. The cranks are rigidly connected with the upper part of the racks on one side, and on the other - with a pivotally movable rod with a screw mechanism. The screw mechanism is a tube inside which at its end the fixed nut is mounted, which with the rod of the screw mechanism constitutes a screw pair. The rod of the screw mechanism with the handle at the end is located with the ability of rotation in the through opening of the fixing plate attached rigidly to the end of bearing bar. The method consists in regulating the angles characterising the PBS. In accordance with a given degree of crumbling soil a certain trajectory of soil movement on PBS is graphically set and the normal forces acting on a layer of soil are determined. Then on the directions of the normal forces the PBS patterns are created implementing the given trajectories. Analysis of the patterns is carried out, by change of amount of bending of mouldboard and the angles of placement the coulter to the bottom and the wall of the furrow the parameters of the PBS are determined, corresponding to the given degree of crumbling. The obtained parameters are set by adjusting the base PBS of the surface of the working bodies of the plough by its turns and movements using the device described above.
EFFECT: such technology and constructive implementation enable to ensure the given degree of soil crumbling and to regulate the energy consumption of the tillage process.
5 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: chisel is made in the form of a plate. The outer surface of the plate has a weld layer with the thickness of 0.1-0.8 of the plate thickness, and the length of 2-20 on the plate thickness, in a direction away from the working end face long the plate the chisel. The weld layer together with other elements contains by weight 1.0-6.5% carbon and 2.5-45.0% chromium.
EFFECT: increase in chisel strength.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises forming of said members for hot-rolled bimetallic sheet and heat treatment. Main layer is made from alloy steel that contains the following components in wt %: carbon - 0.10-0.50; silicon - 0.5-1.5; manganese - 0.5-1.5; chromium - 0.5-1.5; phosphorus - not over 0.025; sulphur - not over 0.025, iron and unavoidable impurities making the rest. Clad layer is made from high-alloyed wearproof steel containing the following elements in wt %: carbon - 0.7-1.2; silicon - 0.1-1.7; manganese - 0.15-0.80; chromium - 0.6-2.0; molybdenum - to 0.3; phosphorus - not over 0.025; sulphur - not over 0.025, iron and unavoidable impurities making the rest. Clad layer is applied by ESR process on said base layer. prior to forming, said sheet is annealed at 680-820°C. Thermal treatment comprises quenching at 850-950°C at tempering at 150-250°C.
EFFECT: higher adhesion of layer and machinability, hardness and wear resistance.
4 cl, 6 tbl
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a system of controlling parameters of the plow-bottom surface (PBS) with the hydraulic cylinder, mounted on a frame. The frame consists of a longitudinal (23), the transverse and the carrier (2) beams. The LSP control system comprises telescopic brackets with working elements (1) connected to the carrier beam (2) of the frame, the upper and the lower plates for mounting the preliminary calculated using the computer device the angle of mounting the working element (1) to the wall of the furrow. The telescopic bracket is a tube of square section (4) having one end rigidly attached to the upper plate and the other end inserted with the ability to move and fix mutually using a fixing device into the outer pipe (6) of the larger size, rigidly fixed under the carrying beam (2) of the frame. The upper plate with the curvilinear through groove formed in it, the openings and graduation applied on it is connected to the lower plate with the corresponding openings formed in it, rigidly and horizontally secured to the upper part of the rack of the working element(1). The plates are interconnected with the ability to move relative to each other by the fixing axis on which the castellated nut is screwed with the locking pin. The radius of movement of the upper plate relative to the lower one corresponds to the through curved groove of the upper plate, in which the finger with the pointer is located fixed to the lower plate by means of a nut with protection against self-untwisting, pointing on the graduation the amount of movement of the plates. For rigid fixation of the upper plate relative to the lower one the finger with the flat retainer is inserted in the matching openings. To rotate the working element (1) the helical coupler (12) is mounted, pivotally connected with one end to the rack of the working element (1), and pivotally connected with the other end to the vertical axis, rigidly attached to the upper plate. All working elements (1) are interconnected by a lever mounted on the telescopic bracket axis with clearance and with the ability of rotation about the axis of the first working element (1), which housing is fixed without possibility of lateral movement. The lever is pivotally connected to the hydraulic cylinder attached pivotally to the longitudinal beam (23) of the frame. The locking device of the telescopic square tubes (4) consists of an L-shaped longitudinal traction located in the openings of mounting brackets with the ability of rotation, and to which, opposite the working elements (1), the retaining fingers are rigidly fixed, pivotally connected to the spring retainers inserted into the openings of the telescoping square tubes (4). The mounting brackets are rigidly secured to the carrying beam (2) of the frame. On the flange of the hydraulic cylinder from the side of the retractable rod, parallel to it, a measuring bar is fixed, and on the rest fixed on the rod there is the pointer cooperating with the bar. Graduation on the upper plate, the amount of fixing openings on the telescopic square tubes, the upper and lower plates, the rest positions with pointing on the measuring bar of the hydraulic cylinder correspond to the four standard corners of placement of the coulter of the working element to the wall of the furrow at the four existing plow-bottom surfaces: cylindrical, cultural, semihelical and helical.
EFFECT: improving the quality of soil treatment, reducing the energy consumption of the process of mouldboard tillage.
6 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry. The plough-ripper comprises moldboard housings mounted on the frame, each of which consists of a rack, a plowshares, a mouldboard, a boardless ripper with a chisel, adjustable in height along the rack. The ripper is attached to the rack on its side so it chisel is placed in a transverse-horizontal plane from the edge of the plowshare tip at a distance no more than (0.3…0.5)B, where B is the working width of the housing, and in the longitudinal-horizontal plane at the lowest setting parameters is not more than
EFFECT: constructive solution enables to improve operational and technological characteristics of the machine-tractor aggregate, and to rip effectively the subsoil horizons.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry, in particular to tillage tools for primary soil cultivation. The plough comprises a frame with plough bodies mounted on it. Each of which consists of a rack, a plowshare, a mouldboard and a flat blade. The flat blade is mounted on the rack on the side of the landward edge at an angle of 15-45 degrees to the direction of the plough movement with the ability of height adjustment. The flat blade is mounted oppositely to the slope angle of the plowshare and has a width equal to the working width of one plough body.
EFFECT: invention enables to increase soil pulverisation extent due to its cultivation differentiated by the depth by primary and secondary working elements, depending on the soil condition and its predecessor, as well as reduction of tractive resistance of the plough due to reduction of pressure of the landside plate on the furrow wall.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry, in particular to the working elements of rotary plows for flatbusting. The plow body of a rotary plow comprises (hingedly connected to) a beam, a rack in the form of a regular prism. On the upper base of the rack the pivot axis and the support platform, the lever with a finger are mounted. The finger is pivotally connected to the rod. The shoe is made in the form of an equilateral triangle. The axis of rotation of the rack passes through the shoe orthocentre. The shoe is fixed to the lower base of the rack by means of two brackets. Along the lateral sides of the shoe two stacked saddles are mounted. On the saddles using the tips the interconnected ploughshares and mouldboards of the left and right soil overturning are mounted. The mouldboards are stacked at an angle to each other with landward edges using the shin. The shin has a curved cutting edge and is fixed to the front face of the rack. The rear face of the rack the brace is mounted to connect the mouldboard wings.
EFFECT: constructive implementation is aimed at simplifying the design of the body and the rotary mechanism, as well as enables to reduce the specific draft of the body.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agricultural machinery, particularly, to tillage equipment. The working element comprises a stand with a shoe and a field board, a ploughshare and a mouldboard. Elastic pads are attached to the mouldboard at the rear side of the working surface. A control facility is a hinged connection of the ploughshare-mouldboard surface with the stand. The upper half of the mouldboard is divided into separate horizontal plates parallel to each other and the joint of the ploughshare with the mouldboard and are connected with each other by vertical elastic pads. Planks are stiffly fixed to elastic pads. Inside the planks there are flat hinged joints installed with rectangular rods. Rods are connected by means of a helical mechanism with a thrust fastening rod. The fastening lever is stiffly connected with the other end to the stand of the working element. The lower half of the mouldboard via a support bed is attached with the help of screws with flat hinged joints to the fastening plank of the shoe side. One horizontal plate of the mouldboard is connected to one vertical elastic pad with the help of at least two bolts with a hidden head. Edges of plates are made as rounded. Planks are attached to elastic plates at the level of the first and second horizontal plates, starting on top of the mouldboard.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase quality and to reduce energy intensity of the process of main soil treatment.
SUBSTANCE: device for measuring the soil surface profile and determining the direction of flow of atmospheric precipitations in the field comprises a frame (1) with height-adjustable supports (3) and a mechanic's level (12) mounted on it, a platform (10) movable in a vertical plane. The platform (10) is mounted on the supports (3) of the frame (1) with use of sleeves (2) and connected to the frame (1) of the screw mechanism. The screw mechanism consists of a screw (5) with a handle (6) with a turn counter (7) and the rotation angle of the handle (6), the central retainer nut (8) mounted on the frame (1), the lower nut (9) mounted rigidly on the movable platform (10). In the holes of the platform (10) at equal distances from each other in a two-dimensional grid nodes there are movable probes-rods (11). The probes-rods (11) are made of dielectric material and their upper ends are fixed to abutments-rings (17) made of electrically conductive material.
EFFECT: improvement of accuracy of measuring the soil surface profile and determining the direction of flow of atmospheric precipitations in the field.
2 cl, 4 dwg