System of additional insulation and method of facade insulation
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system and method of additional facade insulation. The system of additional insulation of the initial facade comprises two or more sections, at the same time each section comprises an insulating material resistant to compression, attached at least to one load-bearing element, besides, each section has an inner side made as capable of placement in direction of the initial facade, and an outer side, made as capable of placement with inversion from the initial facade; an intermediate insulating material made as capable of placement in one or more gaps between the specified sections; a facility of system attachment to the initial facade, besides, the cross section of at least one load-bearing element is T-shaped, which supports the fastening facility.
EFFECT: increased stability, simplicity of insulation system fixation to a facade.
18 cl, 5 dwg
The present invention relates to a system for improving the isolation of the original facade, and the system includes two or more sections, with each section contains resistant to compression of the insulating material attached to at least one carrying the load element, and each section has an inner side, made with the possibility of location in the direction of the original facade, and the outer side is made with the possibility of the location of appeal from the original facade, the intermediate insulating material made with the possibility of the location of one or more of the intervals between the said sections, and means of attaching the system to the original facade.
Due to climate change, etc. in many different areas meticulous attention is paid to energy efficiency. One of these areas is the energy consumption of buildings. The method of minimization of energy consumption for heating or cooling is to add a layer of insulation on the original facade of the building. To attach an extra layer of insulation to the original facade, in this area there are various ways.
In SE405028 system disclosed isolation. The system is based on the use of racks multi-layer structures or compound leaves with low mass, containing two load-bearing cell battery (included) is that, such as wooden beams, between which is located an insulating material. Between these posts multilayer structures may be placed intermediate insulating material.
Typically, this rack multilayer structures attached to the original facade by means of screws, nails or spikes that penetrate all three layers of the multilayered structure. With this layered structure, however, may be difficult to position the screw directly, as expected, since the screw must enter into a softer insulation in sandwich structures directly after logging in for the first beam. Another problem is the shear strength. In wall constructions shear force applied to the material, more than the roofs, because the rack multilayer structures must support the outer wall in a vertical position and not in a horizontal or tilted position. It can cause rupture of the rack when the shear force exceeds the shear strength is relatively weak insulating material.
Object of the invention is the creation of a system of the above type, but with greater stability and easier attachment, when it comes to securing the sections to the original facade.
According to the first aspect of the invention, the system mentioned in the above type differs the cross section of at least one bearing the load element has a T-shape. This provides better support for the fastening means, which is provided as the front part, and a housing carrying a load of T-element, before its entry into resistant to compression of the insulating material, which is often more soft.
According to a preferred variant implementation of the cross-section of the section is essentially rectangular. Due to the presence of essentially rectangular cross-section section section easy to fit together, for example, with an intermediate insulating material, which may be located side by side with the partitions.
According to another preferred variant implementation of the load bearing element consists of a front part and a housing, the housing is essentially perpendicular to the original façade. This section provides increased strength compared with the section known in the art.
According to another variant implementation of the housing facing towards the source of the facade. This provides the best support for the fastening means, when the system is attached to the original facade from the outside. When the body facing in the direction of compressing resistant insulating material, it is additionally provided by section b is greater shear strength.
Alternatively, when the body converted from the original facade, you can use the speaker housing when adding additional layers, for example, to attach the outer skin or windproof barrier. These additional layers can be customized to the sides of the speaker housing, thus creating a flat surface or a new facade. The housing can always replace the profile located at a certain distance, usually used between a windproof barrier and outer shell.
According to another variant implementation section contains two load-bearing element. Due to the presence of two load-bearing elements of the section becomes more rigid and may, for example, to provide a basis for the installation of the window frame. In addition, it provides a section greater strength in shear, as well as more rigid clamp the intermediate insulating material.
The preferred embodiment is an option when carrying load element is located on the outer side sections, and a housing carrying a load element facing towards the inner side of the section, as explained above. The location on the outer side makes it easier to attach the sections to the original facade, for example, crutches or screws, as this is obespechivalo from the outside, and with this hand will usually enter/screw fastening means. However, it also means that the ability of the section to carry the main load is far from the original facade and, thus, close to the outer hull, which needs support, resulting in a more direct transfer of forces and ensuring optimal stiffness in bending.
A housing carrying a load element can mainly be in the gutter resistant to compression of the insulating material. It provides a uniform transfer of forces and reduces the risk of extrusion resistant to compression of the insulating material from the mold under the action of wind on a new facade. In addition, it provides a solid clamp between the insulating material and carrying the load element. For ease of manufacture are resistant to compression of the insulating material can be pre-manufactured with a groove of the same size and shape with the body and possibly also with the front part.
According to another variant implementation, the system further includes one or more of the facing elements and/or windproof barrier. This provides an opportunity to coordinate facade with possible plans, as well as providing a surface for protection against moisture and/or bad weather. The development plan is a plan, coordinated with local editing is on. The plan establishes a framework for the use, location and appearance of the particular area.
According to another variant of implementation of the external surface of the system is moisture resistant. This gives the building the ability to resist the action of water and wind, eliminates the need for the use of wind barriers and/or facing elements.
According to another variant implementation is resistant to compression of the insulating material is chosen from the group consisting of mineral wool, glass wool, foamed or extruded polymer or any combination thereof. These materials have good insulating properties, low coefficient of heat transfer (lambda value), preferably below 0,042 W/MK, and have sufficient strength.
Carrying load element may mainly contain the front part, the first housing and the second housing, with the cross-section carrying a load element has the shape of a cross. Cruciform shape provides a solid clamp resistant to compression of the insulating material on the one hand, and the possibility of excluding pre-separation element, as the second case can be used as one. This saves time during the build phase, because the section can be manufactured off-site.
According to yet about the final version of the implementation is resistant to compression of the insulating material is attached to the bearing load element by gluing or cast in the form, containing at least one load bearing element. This provides better attachment is resistant to compression of the insulating material to the bearing load element than could be achieved only through T-shape.
According to another variant of implementation, the means of attaching the system to the original facade is selected from the group consisting of screws, bolts, anchors, spikes and nails, or any combination thereof. These tools provide the ability to easily attach system.
According to another variant implementation of the load bearing element is made from a material selected from the group consisting of wood, metal, polymer, concrete, composite, fiber reinforced composite, or any combination thereof. By choosing a suitable material carrying the load element may be given strength and flexibility, which is suitable for individual construction projects.
According to another variant implementation of the intermediate insulating material is automatic. Therefore, to hold the intermediate insulating material at its location does not require any exterior cladding or other fastening means, such as screws.
According to another variant implementation of the intermediate insulating material and one or more the facing elements and/or wind barriers constitute one element, contributing thereby contributing to the system protection against moisture, which is described above. Thus, subsequently no need to apply a windproof barrier and/or the outer wall, while the item may be made at the factory, which reduces the time of construction at the construction site. In addition, it provides an intermediate insulating material able to withstand water and/or wind even during the construction phase. In this case also, of course, will be the preferred provision of a similar surface on the outer side of the partition, i.e. on the outer side of the bearing load element or resistant to compression of the insulating material, whichever was provided on the outer side.
In order to ensure the sections sufficient capacity to support the load, resistant to compression of the insulation should preferably have a compressive strength at 2% strain 70-180 kPa, more preferably 90-160 kPa, and most preferably 110-140 kPa. High compressive strength section provides higher strength, but also makes the section more rigid, giving her a more good ability to bear the load transmitted from the new exterior facade.
According to another variant implementation, the system further includes an air groove between the specified wind the safety barrier and the specified one or more lining elements, and air create the notch at the expense of one or more dividing elements, or by acting corps T-shaped carrying a load element. This creates another layer with an insulating effect and/or provides ventilation and drainage between the layers of a new facade.
According to the second aspect of the invention provides a method of providing additional isolation of the original facade. The method includes attaching two or more sections, with each section contains resistant to compression of the insulating material attached to at least one carrying the load element having a T-shaped cross-section, the location of the intermediate insulating material in one or more intervals between the said sections and attaching the system to the original facade.
Any sign of the first aspect may be applied to the second aspect. Other aims, characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become clear from the following detailed disclosure, from the dependent claims and from the drawings.
Below the invention will be explained in more detail with the aid of examples of embodiments with reference to the drawings, in which:
Fig.1 shows a cross section of a variant of implementation of the system.
Fig.2 shows a perspective image is agenie variant implementation of the system.
Fig.3 shows a perspective representation of another version of the implementing system.
Fig.4 shows a perspective image of a closeup of the top choices of the implementation of Fig.1 and 2.
Fig.5 shows a cross section of a third variant of the implementation.
In Fig.1 and 2 shows the wall 101, is covered with an insulating layer consisting of an intermediate insulating material 102, and section 112 according to the invention.
Wall 101 forming the original facade in this embodiment, can be made of clay brick, concrete, wood, walls made of different materials, elements of multilayered structures, or any other material or combination of materials suitable for the outer wall. On the original facade installed section 112, each of which consists of compressing resistant insulating material 104 and carrying a load element 110.
As resistant to compression of the insulating material 104 is preferred mineral wool, such as glass wool or rock wool, but can also be applied solidified foamed polymeric material such as polystyrene or polyurethane. Resistant to compression of the insulating material 104 is substantially rectangular, although, perhaps, is provided with a groove into which the insert housing 106 carrying a load element 110.
Behold the tion 112 can be attached to the wall 101 with a distance from one section to another, when viewed perpendicular to the longitudinal axis in this place, the components of 600-900 mm, by means of screws, bolts, anchors, spikes and nails, or any combination thereof.
Fastening means 103 is preferably a screw or bolt, which is carried out through the section from the outside, as shown in Fig.1 and 2. However, they can also be in the form of a hook or have teeth. For example, the fastening means 103 can first be attached to a wall 101, and then on top fastening means 103 to place the section 112. In this case, the fastening means 103 may preferably have teeth. Section 112 may also be pre-drilled so that the fastening means could easily pass it. Another option is that on the wall 101 provided wall anchors, which can slide section with pre-drilled hole, and subsequently it can be attached to a wall 101 by fixing a wall anchor or fasten with other accessories.
Then, the outer surface may be provided with a cutout for space nuts or other accessories to the nut or other accessory was recessed and not acted over the outer surface. Can also be used embedding, if the section 112 is attached by screws or crutch that BB is changed from the outside.
The intermediate insulating material 102 is placed between the sections 112. The intermediate insulating material 102 may be processed in such a way that he was provided with a surface that protects from bad weather or wind, and/or that the material was self-sustaining or automatic. Suitable intermediate insulating material may be flexible lightweight insulation of glass wool, such as ISOVER Flex®, 16 kg/m3.
As can be seen in Fig.1 and 2, windproof barrier 107 is located over the intermediate insulating material 102 and sections 112 and attached to the partition 112. On top windproof barrier 107 is placed separators 109, providing air in the recess 108. Then the outer wall 111 is attached to the separating elements 109. Separation elements 109 can be made of wood, polymer, fibrous material, such as compressing resistant insulating material, metal, composite or any other suitable material.
The outer casing 111 may be any material for cladding facades, made of wood, metal, glass, composite, ceramic tile or plastered masonry, manufactured by reinforcing mesh or cement mortar.
Also air the recess 108 may be excluded.
Carrying load elements which may also be located in front of the wall 101 of the housing, facing away from the wall 101. Preferably, if the section 112 receive the fastening means 103 of the wall 101, for example, in the form of wall anchor, as this would provide better support for the fastening means 103.
In order to obtain a more rigid clamp between resistant to compression of the insulating material 104 and the load bearing element 110 may also be provided with a surface profiling carrying a load element 110. This provides a large surface, for example, for applying glue to attach resistant to compression of the insulating material 104 to the bearing load element 110.
In this embodiment, the system is used for wall 101, but it can also be used for additional insulation of the roof, bearing walls or any other structures.
Fig.3 shows another variant of implementation of the system. In this case, section 301 applied both vertically and horizontally. In this case, section 301 is equipped with two load bearing elements 110. This option is preferred in connection with the installation of window frames, when the carrier is required both on the inner and on the outer side of the section 301. Section 301 consisting of a front part 105, the housing 106 and is resistant to compression of the insulating material 104 is used as a support for the installation of the kPa 113. Section 301 is installed sheet material 114, such as a composite or multi-layer plywood. Then the window 113 set by essentially airtight connection with the sheet material 114.
The design also contains a windproof barrier 107, the separation elements 109 and the outer wall 111.
Allows the location of the window 113 in the plane of insulation to minimize heat loss through the Assembly between the facade and window.
Windows and doors in the original facade can be removed later in the process of construction upon completion of a new facade with new Windows and doors.
Windproof barrier 107 may also be a part of the intermediate insulating material 102. The outer casing 111 is also more or less be a part of the intermediate insulating material 102, for example, if the intermediate insulating material 102 is an element of multilayer structures containing as a windproof barrier 107, and the outer wall 111.
Section 301, containing one load bearing element 110 can also be used in a horizontal application forms. Section 301 of the at least one load bearing element 110 can also be used in wall constructions partitions.
The housing 106 carrying a load element 110 may be turned in the direction of recognize the tion of the facade and/or from him. The front part 105 carrying a load element 110 may also be located perpendicular to the original facade, for example, openings for Windows or doors.
Above the housing 106 carrying a load element 110 has been shown and described with reference in the direction of the center of section 301. However, it should be clear that it can also be converted from a stable to compression of the insulating material 104 and from the wall 101. This alternative implementation provides air in the recess 108 between the intermediate insulating material 102 and the outer casing 111 without the use of a separating element 109.
Fig.4 represents the image from the top in an enlarged scale of the section 112 in Fig.1 and 2. More clearly shows that the section 112 includes compressing resistant insulating material 102 and the load bearing element 110. Carrying load element consists of a front portion 105 and the housing 106.
Fig.5 shows a third variant of the implementation according to the invention. Carrying load element in this case is presented in the form of crosses, 510, so that the housings 106, 506 are on each side of the front part 105. Section 512 contains a load bearing element in the form of crosses 510 and resistant to compression of the insulating material 104. When carrying a load element in the form of crosses 510 is located from the wall 101, it provides air to the recess 108 intermediate between the insulating material 102 and the outer casing 111 without the use of a separating element. The thickness of the windproof barrier 107, and air grooves 108 corresponds to the length of the body 506. Windproof barrier attached to the front of each side of the housing 506 and the outer wall 111 is attached to the housing 506. This provides a strong clamp resistant to compression of the insulating material, because the housing 106 facing is resistant to compression of the insulating material 104. In addition, it has a built-dividing element in the form of a housing 506. This saves time on the phase of construction, as subsequently do not need to attach any separation of elements.
If carrying a load element in the form of crosses 510 is located in the direction of the wall 101, between the wall 101 and an additional layer of insulation is provided by air excavation. In addition, it provides a solid clamp resistant to compression of the insulating material 104, because the housing 106 facing is resistant to compression of the insulating material 104.
Link to original facade means that the existing facade, which is isolated, creating due to this new facade. The facade is also can be an external or internal wall.
Qualified specialists in this field will be clear that the various elements of the different embodiments can be combined in appropriate combinations.
1. System updat the comparative isolation of the original facade (101),
two or more sections (112, 301, 512), each section (112, 301, 512) contains resistant to compression of the insulating material (104) attached to at least one carrying the load element (110, 510), each section (112, 301, 512) has an inner side, made with the possibility of accommodation in the direction of the original facade (101) and the outer side is made with the possibility of placing an appeal from the original facade (101),
- intermediate insulating material (102), made with the possibility of placement in one or more intervals between these sections (112, 301, 512),
- means (103) attaching the system to the original facade (101), and
characterized in that the cross-section of at least one bearing the load element (110, 510) has a T-shaped supporting the securing means (103).
2. The system under item 1, in which the cross-section section (112) is essentially rectangular.
3. The system under item 1 or 2, in which the load bearing element (110, 510) contains the front part (105) and the housing (106), the housing (106) is essentially perpendicular to the original facade (101).
4. The system under item 1 or 2, in which case (106) carrying a load element (110, 510) is located in the chute resistant to compression of the insulating material (104).
5. The system under item 1 or 2, in which section (112, 301, 512) includes DV is the load-bearing element (110, 510).
6. The system under item 1 or 2, in which the load bearing element (110, 510) is located on the outer side sections (112, 301, 512), the housing (106) carrying a load element (110, 510) facing the inner side of the section(112, 301, 512).
7. The system under item 1 or 2, which is resistant to compression of the insulating material (104) is selected from the group consisting of mineral wool, glass wool, foamed or extruded polymer or any combination thereof.
8. The system under item 1 or 2, which is resistant to compression of the insulating material (104) is attached to the bearing load element (110, 510) by gluing or cast in the form that contains at least one load bearing element (110, 510).
9. The system under item 1 or 2, in which the means of attaching the system to the original facade (101) is selected from the group consisting of screws, bolts, anchors, spikes and nails, or any combination thereof.
10. The system under item 1 or 2, in which the load bearing element (110, 510) is made of a material selected from the group consisting of wood, metal, polymer, concrete, composite, fiber reinforced composite, or any combination thereof.
11. The system under item 1 or 2, in which the outer surface of the system is moisture resistant.
12. The system under item 1 or 2, in which the intermediate insulating material (102) is automatic.
13. With the system under item 1 or 2, which is resistant to compression of the insulating material (104) has a compressive strength at 2% strain between 70-180 kPa, more preferably between 90-160 kPa, and most preferably between 110-140 kPa.
14. The system under item 1 or 2, which is resistant to compression of the insulating material (104) has a coefficient of thermal conductivity lower 0,042 W/MK.
15. The system under item 1 or 2, in which the load bearing element (510) contains the front part (105), the first housing (106) and a second housing (506), while the cross-section carrying a load element (510) has the shape of a cross.
16. The system under item 1, additionally containing one or more ornamental elements (111) and/or windproof barrier (107).
17. The system under item 16, in which the intermediate insulating material (102) and one or more cladding elements (111) and/or windproof barrier (107) constitute one element.
18. Method for making further isolate the source of the facade (101) according to any one of paragraphs.1-17, in which:
- attach two or more sections (112, 301, 512), each section (112, 301, 512) contains resistant to compression of the insulating material (104) attached to at least one carrying the load element (110, 510) having a T-shaped cross-section,
- place the intermediate insulating material (102) in one or more gaps between sections (112, 301, 512), and
- attach system the mu to the original facade (101).
SUBSTANCE: method is realised by facilities of development of several versions of a universal plastic panel, which is made of at least one section shaped from at least two plates of preferably rectangular shape so that a pair of plates is located one under the other, to create a volume section, and also to ensure strength, the space between the pair of plates arranged one under the other is filled with cells of preferably rectangular shape, the quantity and size of which is selected randomly or depending on parameters of plates, for connection of sections between each other there is a lock element, formed by ends of parallel plates of the section extended in the place of formation of the lock element for the width of the lock element and bent towards each other to produce two elastically compressible and releasing arched structures arranged at the end of the section along its long side and providing for reliable fixation with the round ledge formed at the opposite side of the section from the lock element at the end of the section along its long side by the fact that the lock element of one section, gripping and holding by means of compression the round ledge of the other section, fixes the sections in the fixed condition relative to each other, providing for reliable connection of sections to each other to produce a collapsible structure made of several sections. To provide for decorative properties and to observe visual homogeneity of the structure made of one or several sections, on that side of the section, where there is a round ledge, there is a slot shaped along the lower side of the slot as extension of the lower plate of the section along the width through its entire length and lateral sides formed at one side by the end of the section and at the other side bent preferably at the right angle by the side of the lower plate, forming a rectangle with an open external side, in this case the round ledge is arranged not in the end of the section, but on the external free side of the slot, in case of combination of several sections into one by means of their arrangement on a single lower plate, the slot between sections is made without a round ledge. The round ledge is made on the external side of the slot, arranged at the external side of combined sections, to eliminate sagging of sections as they are connected or to eliminate sagging of combined sections, the lower side of the slot is strengthened with an additional base. To provide for installation of various holders, and/or decorative retained elements, and/or storage systems on the structure from sections, on one of slot sides there is a closed contour representing a structure of rectangular shape directed along the long side of the section, with width by size smaller than the side wall of the slot, providing for rigidity of fixation of sections along their long side, and also providing for stiffness of fixation of holders, and/or decorative retained elements, and/or storage systems, which by means of their installation into the slot are reliably fixed by means of engagement to the closed contour.
EFFECT: development of such universal plastic panel, design of which would provide for production of finished universal panels of different size and configuration, where reliable fixtures would be provided, design of which would provide for the possibility to create various decorative walls for interiors and exteriors, using universal plastic panels.
4 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: facade facing mounting system consists of pin-anchors arranged in rows linked with each other and with elements of their tension by rods fixed in the building wall, at free ends of which locking devices-bolts with a rectangular T-shaped head and a rectangular neck on which locking elements retaining the lining are put, are installed with a possibility of an adjustable longitudinal movement due to the connecting threaded couplings. The locking elements are designed as horizontally arranged rectangular U-shaped clamps, in the middle part of which there are tabs, which are pressed against the upper and lower plates, and the central hole for the locking bolt, and their bent parts cover the lock-bolt head from the lateral sides and there are ledges, fixing the plates, pressed to the legs at the ends of the bent parts.
EFFECT: creation of a mounting system for facing the curtain ventilated facade, provision of good aerodynamic qualities, achievement of low metal consumption and labour intensity of manufacturing.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: bracket for attachment of profiles includes a rear wall with holes for attachment of a bracket and L-shaped plates, the first flanges of which are intended for attachment of profiles; with that, the second flanges of plates are directed from bracket symmetry axis. Flanges perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall are cut out and bent in the central part of the rear wall in the direction of profiles; with that, the second flanges of plates are located parallel to the rear wall on its reverse side. The face side of the rear wall faces to the direction of the profiles, and the first flanges of plates are located parallel to flanges of the rear wall and rigidly attached to them. Ribs of angles formed with the plane and the flanges of the rear wall are located in internal corners of the plates; besides, on the second flanges of the plates there are holes coinciding with holes for fixation of the bracket on the rear wall.
EFFECT: reduction of metal consumption; increase of load-carrying capacity and improvement of reliability of the bracket.
19 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to insulators fasteners. Holder (1) of insulation material board on fastening base (6) comprises thread (4) for screwing in insulation material board and expansion anchor (2) to be secured at fastening base. Thread (4) is engaged with expansion anchor (2) and can be rotated.
EFFECT: shortening zone (7) is arranged between expansion anchor (2) and thread (4) to decreased spacing between thread and expansion anchor (2).
11 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall lining comprising wall panels (1) and fastening profiles (2), comprising a location slot (4) open at the bottom for the lower wall panel (1), a location slot (3) open at the top for the upper wall panel (1) and a slot (5) for suspension of fastening hooks, besides, both location slots (3, 4) that form a support surface (9) on the side facing away from the wall (6) for the external side of the wall panels (1) in the fastening profiles (2) fixed on the wall (6) create at least two sections (11) in direction towards the slot bottom, and these sections (11) have different width for fixation of wall panels (1) of different thickness, the cross section of location slots (3, 4) of fastening profiles (2) narrows at least gradually in direction towards the bottom of the slot, besides, the slot (5) for suspension of fastening hooks is arranged between both location slots (3, 4).
EFFECT: development of such wall lining, where wall panels of different thickness may be used, for instance, floor panels, and which provides for simple fixation of wall panels.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: ceramic tiles contain a strong component arranged on the surface of the base and the first connection element arranged on the side of the base edge. At least a section of the base surface may continue outside the strong component. The base prevents contact of strong components of adjacent ceramic tiles, not requiring a filling paste, with each other, and may look like a filling paste. The first connection element and the appropriate second connection element of the adjacent ceramic tile, not requiring a filling paste, are made as capable of connection of two adjacent ceramic tiles, not requiring a filling paste.
EFFECT: tiles not requiring a filling paste.
26 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system of tile facing comprises rear panels, at least with one electroconductive layer, two-pin plugs with ledges, which electrically contact with the conducting layer, and illuminated tiles with light diodes, which may be attached to the two-pin plug. To simplify tile facing, first tiles are installed with the possibility of facing with temporary tiles together with ordinary tiles, with further replacement with illuminated tiles.
EFFECT: simplified assembly of a facing system.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to install heat insulating panels includes assembly of adjacent panels by arrangement of panels onto a facade surface, connection of adjacent panels, at least one side of every of which comprises alternately arranged ledges and grooves so that ledges of one panel are applied onto grooves of the other panel, and fixation of panels onto the facade surface, besides, adjacent panels are joined, at least one side of every of which comprises an end ledge arranged practically along the entire length, so that panels are applied with ledges one over the other.
EFFECT: simplified process for installation of heat insulation panels, increased heat insulation of a facade, higher reliability and durability of facade finishing, apart from high aesthetic characteristics of a facade.
11 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: building base facing is arranged in the form of shaped relief panels with thickness of 2-4 mm from a polymer material - polypropylene, serially installed along the base length and joined to each other by ledges and slots available at their end sides by means of latches. At the angles of the base the panels are connected with angular double-faced panels, connected at the inner side with an angular frame, arranged in the form of a double-sided rod truss with braces forming flat triangular structures with runs, and fixed to the inner surface of the double-faced panels. At the top of the double-faced angle the angular panels along their entire height are arranged as rectilinear, and the value of ledges on panels relief exceeds thickness of relief panel material. Connection of the rod truss with panels is arranged in the form of elastic latches arranged pairwise in its end parts and in the middle part.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase rigidity of facing and its deformation resistance to operational loads, especially in case of pressure drops.
2 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set for fixation of a vertical bearing profile of a suspended facade system comprises upper and lower units of fixation, every of which includes a support part fixed motionlessly on the faced surface and a cantilever stand fixed with it. The vertical bearing profile is fixed on the free end of the stand. In the upper unit of fixation the support part and the vertical bearing profile are connected with the cantilever stand as fixed. The cantilever stand of the lower fixation unit is connected with the support part and the vertical bearing profile hingedly as capable of rotation relative to them.
EFFECT: invention will make it possible to compensate linear deformations of vertical bearing profiles of a suspended facade system.
SUBSTANCE: method includes installation of heat insulation pads onto a joint of building structures. Pads are made of foaming material in the form of a profile having a cross section that creates a cavity inside a pad installed on the joint of building structures. The cavity along the width is separated into three parts by two additional shelves, which are inside the profile and have height that is 3…5 mm higher than the height of side shelves of the profile. The pad is installed on the joint of building structures, it is pressed to the surface of joined structures with ends of additional shelves and fixed relative to this surface. Cavities between side and additional shelves of the pad are filled with sealing foam. Excessive foam that leaked through the gap is removed, and the foam left in the gap is protected with a tape. Sections of pads form tight cavities, air in which provides for improved heat insulation.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase heat insulation of joints of building structures and to reduce labour intensiveness of its erection.
4 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: dowel for insulation material, designed to install heat and sound insulation material, has a spacer plastic rod, which is placed into a plastic shell, which on its outer surface has guides, spacer and fastening elements, which are divided into separate zones (A, B, C, D). The lowest end guide zone (A) ends with a cone, and the highest upper zone (D) forms a flat head. To achieve better deepening of the flat head into the material in the shell above the lowest end guide (A) there is a middle transition spacer zone (B), and above it - an upper wedge zone (C), besides, in the middle transition spacer zone (B) the shell comprises a spacer lug or, as an alternative, the transition spacer zone (B) by means of rupture links is connected to the wedge zone (C), in which wedge plates are installed.
EFFECT: improved design.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely to insulation and protection of external walls of residential and industrial buildings against precipitation. The method consists in the installation of thermal insulation panels on the wall, characterised by the fact that the double-layer insulation is produced of composite sandwich panels, mainly with polystyrene insulation and inserts, basalt stone, made in the factory, which is fixed on the surface of the wall anchors or self-tapping screws, joints between combined with sandwich panels are foamed, on the joints and edges of sandwich panels there are flashings installed using the sealant.
EFFECT: insulation and protection from precipitation for exterior walls of residential and industrial buildings and structures, simple installation works for new construction and for insulation and protection of buildings and facilities operated, easy replacement of an insulation facade after the end of life, an insulated facade may be mounted in any climate conditions and temperature conditions at both high and very low temperatures; work done without scaffolding.
1 cl, 1 dwg.
SUBSTANCE: inner space of a panel is lined with foil and filled with hollow foil tubes with diameter of 30 mm or hollow foil channels with dimensions of 30×30 mm laid along the barrier in several rows along the panel width, at the same time the number of rows of tubes or channels is not limited, and is determined by necessary requirements to thermal resistance of the external barrier.
EFFECT: energy resource saving, higher efficiency of external barriers Design of a construction external barrier of high thermal resistance includes a bearing hollow panel.
SUBSTANCE: method for heat insulation of semi-recessed and protruding balconies using a threaded fastening agent includes installation of boards, laying of guides for gypsum plasterboard or another material. A hole is drilled in the guide together with the insulant layer, thread is cut, the threaded fastening agent is screwed until stop, fixed to a brick or concrete wall. Then verticality of guide position is controlled. The guide is fixed. Further the cavity of the threaded fastening agent is filled with polyurethane foam, and the fastening element is cut aflush with the guide surface.
EFFECT: method improvement.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: design of a power efficient heated building comprises heat-resistant barrier structures, a heat-resistant foundation, a water tube boiler with a furnace gas feed heater, a system of heat recuperation between flues and plenum air, and also a system of heat recuperation comprising an attic room, a system of air ducts placed inside heat-resistant barrier structures and a heat-resistant foundation. With the purpose of efficient use of not only heat of ventilation air, but also furnace gases in the heating season for regions with cold climate, a gas mixer is installed in the attic room for mixing of the main gas - ventilation air, convectively arriving from building rooms into the attic room and auxiliary gas - furnaces gases convectively arriving along a ventilation channel equipped with a bypass ventilating exhaust from the water tube boiler feed heater.
EFFECT: reduction of fuel burnt for heating of a building and environmentally hazardous gas and air exhausts, higher level of comfort of building rooms, higher durability of bearing parts of barrier building structures, maintenance of necessary technical and sanitary level of moisture in barrier structures and in a heat inertial space under a building.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method includes installation of a system of external insulation of buildings, representing a suspended facade system with an air gap or a facade system with a plaster layer, including installation and fixation of heat insulation material on the outer side of walls, and installation of an additional heat insulation material on a jamb of a window opening. In one version the heat insulation material is installed so that is levelled at the edges of at least one window opening, and in the other version - so that it protrudes beyond the edge of at least one window opening by at least the thickness of the additional heat insulation material. The additional heat insulation material is installed and fixed on the jamb of the specified at least one window opening so that it closes the entire specified jamb and at least the part of the previously installed heat insulation material. The specified additional heat insulation material has a heat conductivity ratio (λ) of not more than 0.035 W/(m°C).
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to considerably reduce thermal heterogeneity of an insulated building wall, to increase energy efficiency of reconstructed buildings and to improve manufacturability of the entire system of external heat insulation of buildings.
14 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises an air layer filled with a frame and formed by an external wall and lining coated from the external side with a reflecting material in the form of an aluminium foil. The frame is made of sheet wavy aluminium foil arranged in waves horizontally in the entire volume of the layer and attached to the lining by wave ridges. The lining is made of a composite material, including a solid material, for instance, an aluminium plate, a heat insulation fibre of a basalt material and an aluminium foil. The solid material at the premise side is coated with the heat insulation fibre attached to the aluminium foil. The composition of the aluminium foil with high coefficient of heat conductivity and fibre of the basalt material with low coefficient of heat conductivity create a bimaterial along with the thermal flow motion.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce heat losses from a room via external walls.
SUBSTANCE: power-saving heated building comprises heat-resistant filler structures, a heat-resistant foundation, devices for fuel burning with systems of heat recuperation between chimneys and plenum air, a heat-exchange ventilation contour made of a garret, a system of air ducts arranged inside heat-resistant filler structures and the heat-resistant foundation, ventilation channels inside the building that connect the specified system of air ducts with the garret. The system of air ducts arranged inside the heat-resistant filler structures is installed directly inside the middle part with a low heat absorption of filler structures; the system of air ducts formed at the stage of the building construction and installed inside the heat-resistant part of filler structures is used as a necessary structural element of hot air supply for layer drying of heat-insulation multi-component raw mix on the basis of peat binder, laid directly in process of building filler structures construction as a middle part with low heat absorption, ventilation ducts inside the heat-resistant building foundation contain compounds with plenum systems of devices for fuel burning.
EFFECT: less fuel burnt to heat the building, increased durability of bearing parts of building filler structures, maintenance of the necessary technical and sanitary level of moisture in filler structures and inside the basement space of the building.
6 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: external wall of a building comprises a metal honeycomb structure, heat insulation arranged at one side of honeycomb structure, and an external coating arranged at the other side of heat insulation. The honeycomb structure is arranged with bent fastening elements made as a whole with the honeycomb structure and designed to fix other structural elements, which are mounted on the honeycomb structure. The honeycomb structure comprises at least one flat panel and a profiled panel arranged between them. The flat panel arranged at the side of heat insulation is made with supporting ledges, with the possibility of their bending to outside from the panel and passing through heat insulation with the purpose to fix the external coating. Besides, one panel of the honeycomb structure may be made with a bent frame ledge with the possibility of window frame fixation.
EFFECT: improved properties of an external wall, reduced material intensity and cost of construction.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to produce heat insulation mats.
SUBSTANCE: method involves filling mold with peat mixture; arranging reinforcing net in peat mixture; compressing the mixture and drying thereof. Reinforcing net is tightened by superposing two mold halves. Lower mold half is first filled with peat mixture in layers and the peat mixture in lower mold is compacted up to filling the whole volume of lower mold half. Reinforced net is then placed on upper face of lower mold half so that reinforced net is arranged on peat mixture surface. Then upper and lower mold halves are superposed and connected in superposed state with fastening means so that reinforcing net edges are tightened and jammed due to applying load of upper mold half weight and friction force between reinforcing net and mold halves. After that new peat mixture layer is placed and compacted in mold. Device for above method implementation is also disclosed.
EFFECT: simplified technology and increased strength.
2 cl, 3 dwg