Method for manufacture of heat-protective camouflaging hood

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: heat-protective camouflaging hood manufacture method envisages knitting out a unified domed hood pattern covering the pileous and the face part of the head, made of camouflaging colouration threads containing 70 - 100% of wood fibres, treatment by way of fulling in liquid medium at a temperature of 60-70C during 30-40 minutes, forming and shape stabilisation by way of tensioning in a liquid condition on a human head mannequin of preset size and drying under natural environment conditions till complete drying out, cutting holes for eyes, mouth and ears.

EFFECT: knitted out pattern shape, used raw materials, fulling process, hood formation and stabilisation on the mannequin of preset size allow to manufacture goods convenient in usage, matching the consumer's anatomical organisation and measures.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the production of headwear, namely camouflage protection for hunters and military personnel used to provide camouflage in different conditions and background surrounded by countryside.

Camouflage hood can be manufactured as an integral part of the camouflage clothing, and to be an independent product, complementary to camouflage clothing a hunter and a soldier.

Known camouflage kit (U.S. Pat. 2004055068 A1 US, IPC A41D 13/00; F41H /00. Camouflage clothing system / Egnew James S. No. bids US 2003066911320030923; publ. 25.03.2004), part of which is a hat with camouflage elements on the site of the scalp and a mask made from mosquito nets to face. A method of manufacturing a hood, which is part of the camouflage kit involves cutting out individual parts and camouflage elements of textile material, nastraivanie masking elements on the details of the hood, to laying transverse folds.

The disadvantages of the method of manufacture is low level masking of the face, as the absence of the mosquito net covering the face of the consumer, which concealed element reduces camouflage properties headdress as a whole. In addition, mosquito net that covers the face of the consumer is I, limits the physiological functions of the person (to see, to breathe, to speak and to turn his head).

Known camouflage clothing (U.S. Pat. 45515 Russian Federation, IPC F41H 3/00. Camouflage clothing (options) /Papirov A. M.; patentee CJSC Moscow joint-production-commercial firm "Umbrella". No. 2004129790/22; publ. 10.05.2005), aimed at the development of camouflage design elements and manufacturing techniques of camouflage robes ("Goblin-1", "Goblin-2", "dummy", "Goblin-3" and "Goblin-4") and camouflage clothing (U.S. Pat. US 6500214, IPC D06P 5/00. Camouflage clothing and a method of manufacturing a/ Muirhead Todd A.; US No. 20000590651, publ. 31.12.2002). A method of manufacturing a camouflage clothing in General and hood in particular involves the cutting out of parts of the product from the material of the mesh structure and pinning him camouflage elements in the form of tapes with fringe, the beams of natural bark camouflage elements, made of camouflage fabric. The hood covers the head of the consumer. Camouflage elements are attached to the mesh base, including in the area of the front part of the head.

The disadvantages of the methods of production of hoods is the high complexity of their manufacture, and constructive solution of the hood and the order it camouflage elements significantly impair the ability of the person the century to see the subject in the environment, as camouflage items from the front side of the head to limit visual (optic) human capabilities.

Known invention - camouflage hood (U.S. Pat. 2412628 OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, IPC A42B 1/04. Camouflage hood / Bubnov T. S., Belova, I. J., Veselov centuries, Horberg B. L.; applicant and patentee of EGTA; application No. 2009146385/12; publ. 27.02.201) having a multilayer structure containing the primary and camouflage layers with holes for eyes, nose and mouth. The method of manufacture involves cutting out parts of the base layer of the hood of knitted cotton fabric with metronational and special inserts of elastomeric mesh material, stitching them together on the sewing machine thread chain stitch, anantavijaya of slits for eyes, mouth and nose with elastic band; cutting out parts camouflage layer of material mesh structure and camouflage elements, connect them together on the sewing machine lockstitch stitching, as well as the connection of the main and camouflage layers in between lines of slits for eyes, nose and mouth. The hood provides a high level of camouflage protection.

The disadvantages of this design is the high complexity of the manufacturing base layer hood, involving the construction of parts of the pattern on the paper, taking into account the th dimensional characteristics of the head of the consumer, cutting out parts of knitted fabric corresponding in shape to the parts patterns, stitching them together and processing of slits for eyes, mouth and nose.

Famous hood (U.S. Pat. 191512715 GB, IPC A42B 1/04D. Improved coverage for head / Ironside Edward Allan, applicant and patentee Ironside Edward Allan, Appl. 4.09.1915; publ. 06.07.1916), made of mesh and has slits for the eyes. A method of manufacturing a hood involves cutting out the two parts, the shape close to a rectangle of material mesh patterns, stitching them on three sides and cut on one of the components of the holes for the eyes. The shortcoming of the hood is a low level masking person in this hood. Furthermore, the design of the hood restricts the movement of the person, since the rotation of the head is shifted to the position of the eye relative to the slits for eyes, and the design of the hood, made in the shape of the bag does not repeat the contour of the head, and also reduces the masking effect of the headgear.

Known camouflage mask (U.S. Pat. 3823418 US, IPC A41D 13/11. Camouflage unit / James R. Boler, Peter Nerbun, the applicant Penns Woods Prod, INC, Appl. 18.01.1973, application No. 324734; publ. 16.07.1974). A method of manufacturing a camouflage mask involves cutting out parts camouflage masks from the grid is green with different shades and stitching detail between the FDS is th. The mask does not cover the scalp, providing cover only the front part of the head of the consumer. The product is attached on the head with eye protection (glasses), has a special hole for his hearing tabs and fastened on the neck of the user from the back.

A significant drawback of the invention is the absence of structural elements covering the head, which limits the use of this product for masking.

Known camouflage hood (U.S. Pat. 4285068 US, IPC A42B 1/V. Camouflage hood / Ross Daniell, Appl. 6.03.1980; application No. 127975; publ. 25.08.1981). A method of manufacturing a hood involves cutting out parts of the structural form of a bag with a rounded bottom of a special material green and brown shades, manufacturer reference of the hard mask material with slits for eyes and a special mount that provides fit it to the front part of the head, securing the mask on the front of the hood thread stitching and stitching detail hood on three sides. Hood construction provides higher compared with the previous counterparts, the degree of freedom of motion of the head, as the manufacturing techniques and structural elements of the hood left eye of the person under the hood open, and design pornimage, to which is fixed the front part of the hood, assumes her tight fit to the face, due to which the peripheral vision of a person is not limited even at the time of rotation of the head.

The disadvantages of the invention is the possibility of fogging of the face in the area of its contact with the supporting part of the mask, the restriction of speech, for lack of a snug fit of the hood at the level of the mouth and the possibility of its falling into his mouth when talking, and the low level of camouflage effect, which provides a hood because of the lack of it camouflage elements.

To the disadvantage of all the above inventions is low insulation hoods, not allowing them to use in the cold season.

The closest in design and the achieved technical result is the method of manufacturing the insulating masking hood (U.S. Pat. 20020069449 US, IPC A42B 1/04D. Hood, including a three-dimensional coating / Blutstein Monton, Blutstein Marka, publ. 13.06.2002). Camouflage hood provides simultaneous protection from the cold and the disguise of a man, consists of items covering the scalp and details covering the face. A method of manufacturing a hood assumes vyazanie details covering the scalp of a user, making a face mask from what Artemi eye, the nose and mouth and attaching the mask to the main part of the hood that covers the scalp. The main part of the hood vivaselecta form the scalp of threads with good insulating properties, for example of wool, making face masks involves the use of foamed PVC, and additional liners on the inside of the mask made of polyester or other flexible material. Masking component design of the hood has mesh substrate, and a continuous sheet coating.

The disadvantages of this invention is the high complexity and the complexity of manufacturing the mask, the inability to provide a high degree of obliteration of the front part of the head, due to the lack of elements to take into account the individual dimensions of the front part of the head of the user, the complexity of composition on the properties of the materials of the main parts of the hood and the mask.

The invention is directed to solving the problem of reducing the complexity of the manufacture of camouflage hooded design which takes into account the anatomical structure and dimensions of a human head, ensures ease of operation and high level of camouflage effect without limiting the physiological functions of the consumer, namely, to see, to hear, to breathe and to speak from the wound in these functions in the process of motion (rotations) of the head.

The problem is solved by the fact that in the method of manufacturing a thermal insulation which concealed hood, including vyazanie base layer of thermal insulation which concealed hood covering the scalp, according to the invention, vymazat single dome-shaped pattern of the hood covering as hairy and front part of the head of the threads camouflage coloring, containing from 70 to 100% wool fiber, followed by processing by milling in a liquid medium at a temperature of 60-70C for 30-40 minutes, the formation and stabilization of the shape by tension in the wet state on the mannequin head man of a certain size and drying under natural environmental conditions until dry.

The inventive method of manufacturing heat-camouflage hood reduces the complexity of manufacture of the product, compared with the prototype, because vyazanie single dome-shaped pattern covering hairy and front part of the head, eliminating the need to manufacture the individual parts of camouflage hood for hairy and facial parts of the head and their connection. Unity dimensional shapes wywiazywania template and its seamless excludes work related and a change in the scheme of knitting products of different size, design products is to ensure the dimensional conformity of the product to the dimensional characteristics of the consumer, join separate parts together. Prispuskaya properties purchased the knitted fabric in the process of felting pattern in a liquid medium, exclude technological operation for clamping the sections of physiological slots from blooming. Forming hood and its stabilization in the mannequin of a given size, fully mimic the anatomical structure of the human head allows you to get the product, easy to use, as this method of molding ensures the conformity of a product to its anatomical structure and dimensional characteristics of the consumer, and physiological holes for eyes, mouth and ears are located in full compliance with the anatomical structure of the head, allows you to fully maintain the physiological functions of man in the process of operation and turns of the head, but to see, hear and speak.

Hood vivaselecta in the form of a dome-shaped pattern of the yarn, containing 70-100% wool fiber wide range of colors camouflage shades, and obrabatyvatsya by milling in a liquid medium at a temperature of 60-70C for 30-40 minutes. The shape of the product, the color of the threads camouflage coloring and the fibrous composition of the raw materials used and the manufacturing method allows to obtain a heat-shielding hood with good masking properties. Use threads camoflauges wool less than 70% will significantly reduce woollen ability knitting pattern and the temperature change of the process of felting (less than 60C and 70C) will impair its qualitative characteristics. Time felting in the interval 30-40 minutes allows you to get the template with a different degree of formemost (elongation). The longer is the process of felting, the harder it is, further, the process of drawing the shape on the mannequin. For a time duration less than 30 minutes template does not have time to swastica, while increasing the time of forming more than 40 minutes is difficult to put on a mannequin.

The invention is illustrated by the following drawings.

In Fig.1 (front view) and Fig.2 (side view) shows a General view of the inventive hood; Fig.3 - appearance wywiazywania wedge dome-shaped pattern of Fig.4 - scheme of the template hood (scan).

An example of the method.

For vyazaniya pattern camouflage hood 54 size took yarn brand Semenovskaya yarn "Lydia" linear density of 60 those uneven color green shades. Knitting pattern carried by the circuit of Fig.4 in three threads 170 needles on the knitting machine "Neva-5". Consistently vymazal and connected between 11 wedges, one of which is shown in Fig.3. Linked hood has a length of 85 cm Felting template was carried out in a liquid medium in a household washing machine without the use of detergents pritemperature 60C for 40 minutes. Shrinkage of the knitted fabric was 50%. Put the template on the mannequin head human ABS and left him there until the full stabilization (drying). Thanks to the mobile structure of the knitted fabric thus obtained, the pattern was the same as the external shape of the front and hairy parts of the dummy human head. The mannequins heads made in accordance with dimensional typology /Belov, I. Y. Formation of anthropometric database for designing camouflage hoods/ I. Y. Belov, I. S. Bubnov, V. C. Veselov // Izvestiya vuzov. The technology of light industry in 2011. No. 4 /. In accordance with the location of the eyes, mouth and ears on the mannequin was identified and cut the appropriate holes for the implementation of the physiological functions of the consumer to see, hear and speak.

A tight fit to the scalp and face obliteration, provide constructive solution of the hood, does not restrict movement (rotate) the head of a man dressed in a hood. When the rotation of the head slits for eyes, mouth and respiratory portions of the nose does not move that ensures the preservation of human physiological functions, namely to see, speak, and breathe.

A method of manufacturing a heat-camouflage hood, including vyazanie base layer, hairy covering the art of the head, characterized in that vymazat single dome-shaped pattern of the hood covering as hairy and front part of the head of the threads camouflage coloring, containing from 70 to 100% wool fiber, followed by processing by milling in a liquid medium at a temperature of 60-70C for 30-40 minutes, forming and stabilizing the forms, by tension in the wet state on the mannequin head man of a certain size and drying in the natural environment until it is fully dry, cut holes for eyes and mouth.



 

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