Curtain wall system

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, namely to structures of building and facility curtain wall systems installed in construction and reconstruction of buildings. A curtain wall system comprises brackets for fixation of the system to a construction base, guides installed onto brackets for fixation of facing panels, and also elements of fixation of facing panels, connecting inserts and closing cramps, besides, guides are made as shaped and are of open shape in the cross section, each connecting insert is also made as shaped, is installed inside two adjacent guides, between ends of which there is a gap, and is fixed at the end of one of adjacent guides, and inside the second adjacent guide the connecting insert is installed tightly to ensure coaxiality of adjacent guides, besides, at this end of the second adjacent guide there is a closing cramp, besides, each guide is fixed on the bracket, at the same time gaps between ends of guides are at the distance from areas of guides fixation on brackets and preferably at the such distance, when in guides along their length there is minimum bending torque, sent from facing panels via elements of their fixation, besides, connecting inserts in areas of their fixation at guides create closed surfaces jointly with inner surfaces of guides, and closing cramps in areas of their fixation on guides create closed surfaces jointly with outer surfaces of guides.

EFFECT: increased bearing capacity and reliability of a curtain wall system.

8 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, namely, the construction of the facades of buildings and facilities installed during construction and reconstruction of buildings.

Known construction hinged facade systems (patents of the Russian Federation 2312190, CL E04F 13/08, 2312189, CL E04F 13/00; patents for utility model RF 73686, CL E04F 13/07, 54056, CL E04B 1/00) containing brackets for attaching the system to the building base, mounted on brackets rails for mounting of facing panels, and fastening elements facing panels, rails made of profile and have a cross section of a closed form. Each rail in such systems is installed and mounted on three or more brackets, and the brackets are mounted on the plane construction of the Foundation in accordance with the project on the installation of hinged facade system. When building the base has insufficient strength characteristics and attachment to him brackets is almost impossible, the only reliable basis for fixing curtain wall systems (HFS) are concrete belts of the floors. For these cases of known construction NSF unsuitable, because the included brackets and guides do not have sufficient bearing capacity and, in addition, towards the shining such NSF can be fixed on only one bracket, installed on ceilings. If the guides are fastened to two or more brackets mounted on the intermediate ceiling, the vertical position of the strips are formed of a continuous vertical "metal zone". In this case, when the change of the ambient temperature of thermal expansion of metal belts will cause damage to the NSF.

Closest to the proposed design, the NSF is the system (patent of the Russian Federation 2381341, CL E04F 13/072) containing brackets for attaching the system to the building base, mounted on brackets horizontal profiles with vertical rails for mounting of facing panels, and fastening elements facing panels, the connecting inserts and closing brackets, and the guides made a profile and have a cross section of a closed shape, each connecting piece is also made of the profile, is installed inside two adjacent rails between the ends of which there is a gap, and mounted on the end of one of the adjacent rails, and inside the second connecting rail connecting the liner is installed tightly to ensure alignment of adjacent rails, in addition, at the end of the second connecting rail fixed closing bracket. Moreover, soedinitelnye liners mounted on a horizontal profiles, which, in turn, secured to the brackets. Here is formed a gap between the ends of adjacent rails. These fastening are in places where guides arise maximum bending moments transmitted from the facing panels by attaching them. This limits the reliability and load bearing capacity of the system and leads to the need to strengthen the elements of the system in units of mounting the connecting pads with the guides and horizontal profiles, guard brackets and railing. Reinforcement of these elements, for example, by increasing the area of their cross section, leads to an increase in the metal system and, consequently, to increase its value. In addition, in such a system between the rails and brackets are intermediate elements - horizontal profiles, which are affected by the same load, as the guides are transmitted from the facing panels through the elements of the fastening. The presence in the system of intermediate elements, without increasing the load capacity of the system is costly, increasing the intensity and cost of the system.

Thus, the known hinged facade system has a limited load capacity and reliability, as well as increased intensity.

The aim of the invention is the reduction of the metal, increased n the existing capacity and reliability hinged facade system.

To achieve this goal the proposed hinged facade system with brackets for attaching the system to the building base, mounted on brackets rails for mounting of facing panels, and fastening elements facing panels, the connecting inserts and closing brackets, and the guides made a profile and have a cross section of a closed shape, each connecting piece is also made of the profile, is installed inside two adjacent rails between the ends of which there is a gap, and mounted on the end of one of the adjacent rails, and inside the second connecting rail connecting the liner is installed tightly to ensure alignment of adjacent rails, in addition, at the end of the second connecting rail fixed closing bracket, each rail fixed to the bracket, while the gaps between the ends of the rails are at a distance from the mounting position of the guides on the bracket, preferably at such a distance, on which the rails along their length occurs minimum bending moment transmitted from the facing panels by attaching them, in addition, the connecting pads in their fixation on the guides form together with the inner surfaces of the rails causes the s surface, and trailing brackets in their fixation on the guides is formed with external guide surfaces closed surfaces.

Trailing bracket may have a U-shaped form, and guides the N - or C-shaped, with the inner dimensions of the cross section of the guard brackets correspond to the external dimensions of the cross section of the guide.

The connection pads may have a release (sampling, wydawcy) at the clamping ends of the brackets on the rails, and the dimensions of the cross section of the connecting pads correspond to the internal dimensions of the cross section of the guide.

Connecting the liners can be made and installed in such a way that the Central shelf liner perpendicular side shelves rail having a U - or C-shaped, and the side shelf liner parallel side shelves of the guide perpendicular to the Central shelf liner and directed toward the Central shelf rail, and the side shelf liner is made of wydawcy (limb) so that the position of the ends of these shelves in the direction corresponding to the inner corners of the guide closer to the bisector of these angles formed by the Central and side shelves guide, wydawca (limb) on the shelves liner owls is adout with bracket closing bracket on the guide in addition, the dimensions of the cross section of the insert correspond to the internal dimensions of the cross section of the guide.

Brackets for attaching the system to the building base may include a back wall with holes through which they are attached, for example, with anchors at the building base, and the two plates G-shaped, first shelves which are designed for mounting rails, for example, by means of the exhaust rivets, while the second shelf plate directed away from the axis of symmetry of the bracket, in addition, in the Central part of the rear wall of the cut and bent in the direction of the guide shelves, perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall, and the second shelf plate parallel to the back wall with its back side, while the front side of the rear wall facing in the direction of the guides, and the first shelf plates are parallel to the shelves of the back wall and rigidly connected with them, for example, by means of the exhaust studs and the edges of the angles formed by the plane of the shelves and the rear wall, are located in the inner corners of the plates, and the second shelf plates with holes coinciding with the holes on the back wall.

In brackets for attaching the system to the building Foundation can be introduced one or two pads, the Central shelf cat who dances performed by limb parallel to the rear wall and having holes coinciding with the holes on the back wall, and a Central shelf perpendicular to the rear wall and the first regiments of the plates G-shaped, in addition, the Central shelf has a limb that is parallel to the first shelf plate G-shaped and tightly placed between them, with the limb parallel to the rear wall, is placed with its front side.

Plate G-shaped bracket for attaching the system to the building Foundation may consist of fixed and movable parts, one of which or both have the flange for moving the movable part along the length of the fixed part of the bracket.

In hinged facade system can be added trailing brackets mounted along the length of the rails is preferably in the center of the maximum bending moments transmitted from the facing panels through the items they are securing, with internal dimensions of the cross section of the additional closing brackets correspond to the external dimensions of the cross section of the guide, with additional trailing brackets in their fixation on the guides is formed with external guide surfaces closed surfaces.

The invention is illustrated by drawings. In Fig.1 shows an example of executing ran the red facade system; in Fig.2 shows the fastening of the connecting inserts and closing brackets on adjacent rails; Fig.3 shows the implementation of the connecting pads (Fig.3,a), closing brackets (Fig.3,b) and the guides (Fig.3), and Fig.4 shows the distribution of bending moments along the length of the guide; Fig.5 shows the design of the bracket; Fig.6 shows embodiments of the bracket; Fig.7 shows the guide with additional trailing brackets.

Hinged facade system contains the bracket 1 (Fig.1) for attaching the system to the construction base 2 mounted on brackets 1 guides 3 for fastening cladding panels 4 and 5 elements of fastening of facing panels 4, the connecting pads 6 and trailing brackets 7. Rails 3 are relevant and have a cross section of a closed form. Each connecting piece 6 (Fig.2) also completed the profile (Fig.3,a), is installed inside two adjacent rails 3 (Fig.2) between the ends of which there is a gap 8, and fixed to the end 9 of one of the adjacent rails 3. Inside the second of the adjacent guide 3 connecting piece 6 is installed tightly to ensure alignment of adjacent rails 3, in addition, at the end of the 10 second connecting rail 3 fixed closing bracket 7. Each rail 3 (Fig.1) mounted on one bracket is the member 1. The gaps 8 between the ends of the guides 3 are at a distance from the mounting position of the guides 3 on the bracket 1, preferably at such a distance, that in rails 3 along their length occurs minimum bending moment transmitted from the facing panels 4 through 5 elements attaching them. The connecting pads 6 (Fig.2) in the places of their fastening on rails 3 form together with the inner surfaces of the guides 3 a closed surface (Fig.2, b-B), and trailing bracket 7 at the fastening on rails 3 form together with the external surfaces of the guides 3 a closed surface (Fig.2, A-A).

When you hinged facade systems are no intermediate elements between the guide 3 (Fig.1) and the brackets 1 and, therefore, when the same load capacity of the system decreases the intensity and cost of the system. In addition, the gaps 8 between adjacent rails 3 is displaced from its fastening rails 3, i.e. places where the rails 3 having a large bending moments transmitted from the facing panels 4 through 5 elements attaching them. In Fig.4 shows the distribution of bending moments M in length rails 3, which are multi-span beam. As can be seen (Fig.4), in places of fastening of rails 3 kronsteiner arise maximum bending moments M It is therefore advisable gaps 8 between adjacent rails 3 to shift from 1 fixing rails 3 at such a distance, where in rails 3 there are minimal bending moments. Calculations show that this distance is equal to (0,22-0,27) from the length of the guide 3. Thus, shifting the position of the gap 8 from its fastening rails 3 in those places where in rails 3 minimum bending moments, it is possible to reduce the load on the elements (connecting pads 6, the guard bracket (7) the attachment points of the connecting pads 6 and closing brackets 7 with rails 3. Thus, to increase the bearing capacity and system reliability, and reduce the intensity of the elements in the specified node system.

Trailing brackets 7 may be U-shaped (Fig.3,b), and the guides 3 a - or C-shaped (Fig.3), with internal dimensions of the cross section of the guard brackets 7 (Fig.2, And correspond to the external dimensions of the cross section of guide 3.

The specified execution ends of the brackets 7 and rails 3 allows for easy installation of hinged facade system for a particular facility. Typically, the fastening elements of the system are produced by means of the exhaust studs. In this case, put the closing bracket 7 (Fig.2) on the corresponding end 10 of the guide 3, drill holes in the guide 3 chere the C holes 11 (Fig.3,b) on the closing clamp 7 to install the exhaust rivets 12 (Fig.2). The closing clamp 7 is used as the conductor, which provides sufficient accuracy of the installation of rivets without additional markup of the locations. The holes 11 in the closing clamp 7 are performed in its manufacture in a single technological cycle, for example, by stamping. Simplify mounting system reduces its cost. In addition, in the places of formation of closed surfaces corresponding to the internal dimensions of the cross section of the guard brackets 7 (Fig.2, a-a) and the external dimensions of the cross section of guide 3 provides a tight seal for closing brackets 7 and the guides 3, increases rigidity in the specified node and increases the bearing capacity and reliability of the system.

The connecting pads 6 (Fig.3,a) can have liberation (sampling, wydawcy) 13 in the clamping ends of the brackets 7 (Fig.2) on the guides 3, and the dimensions of the cross section of the connecting pads 6 correspond to the internal dimensions of the cross section of guide 3.

This embodiment of the design of the connecting pads 6 simplifies the mounting of hinged facade system. As mentioned above, the fastening ends of the brackets 7 may be, for example, by means of the exhaust rivets 12 (Fig.2). This involves joining the trailing bracket 7 and the guide 3, and with denitely liner 6 in these nodes should not be connected with the guide rail 3 (Fig.2, A-A). This is achieved by exemptions (samples, vydavac) 13 made on the connecting pad 6. Liberation (sampling, wydawcy) 13 on the connecting pads 6 are in their manufacture in a single technological cycle, for example, by stamping. In this case, when the mounting system eliminates the need to do extra markup and to perform additional operations (e.g. drilling holes) on the connecting pads 6 in the clamping ends of the brackets 7 on the guides 3 in the installation conditions of the system. Simplify mounting system reduces its cost. In addition, under the overall dimensions of the cross section of the connecting pads 6 of the internal cross section of the guides 3 increases rigidity in these nodes and, consequently, the carrying capacity and reliability of the system, and also provides the necessary alignment of adjacent rails 3, and therefore, the flatness of the facing panel 4 (Fig.1) hinged facade system.

The connecting pads 6 (Fig.2, b-B) can be executed and installed in such a way that the Central shelf liner 6 is perpendicular to the side shelves of the guide 3, having a U - or C-shaped, and the side shelf liner 6 parallel side shelves of the guide 3, is perpendicular to the Central shelf is Kladusa 6 and directed toward the Central shelf of the guide 3. On the side shelves of the liner 6 is made of wydawcy (limb) so that the position of the ends of these shelves in the direction corresponding to the inner corners of the guide 3 closer to the bisector of these angles formed by the Central and side shelves of the guide 3. Wydawcy (limb) on the shelves of the liner 6 (Fig.2, And-(A) coincide with the bracket closing bracket 7 on the guide 3, in addition, the dimensions of the cross section of the liner 6 correspond to the internal dimensions of the cross section of guide 3.

This technical solution design hinged facade system simplifies installation of the system and reduce its cost, improve the bearing capacity and system reliability, as well as to provide the desired alignment of adjacent rails 3 (Fig.1) and the flatness of the facing panels 4 system.

Bracket 1 (Fig.1) for attaching the system to the construction base 2 may include a back wall 14 (Fig.5) with holes 15, through which they are attached, for example, with anchors on building the base 2 (Fig.1), and two plates 16 (Fig.5) G-shaped, the first shelf 17 which are intended for fastening rails 3 (Fig.1), for example, by means of the exhaust rivets, while the second shelf 18 (Fig.5) of the plates 16 is directed away from the axis of symmetry 19 of the bracket. In the Central part of the rear wall 14 is rubley and bent in the direction of the guide 3 (Fig.1) shelf 20 (Fig.5), perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall 14, and the second shelf 18 of the plate 16 parallel to the rear wall 14 with its reverse side, with the front side of the rear wall 14 facing in the direction of the guide 3 (Fig.1), and the first shelf 17 (Fig.5) plates 16 are parallel to the shelves 20 of the rear wall 14 and is rigidly connected with them, for example, by means of the exhaust rivets 21, and the edges of the angles formed by the plane and shelves 20 of the rear wall 14, are located in the inner corners of the plates 16, and the second shelf 18 of the plate 16 with holes coinciding with the holes 15 on the rear wall 14.

When you bracket design is optimised material in the back wall 14 (Fig.5). In the Central part of the rear wall 14, is experiencing a lower voltage when the loading of the bracket 1 (Fig.1) with side rails 3, cut and bent shelves 20 (Fig.5). When loading bracket 1 (Fig.1) with side rails 3 highest stresses occur at the sites of attachment (part of the rear wall 14 with holes 15 in Fig.5 and the second shelf 18 of the plate 16 and near the base of the shelves 17 (Fig.5) of the plates 16. In the proposed design of the bracket in these areas the cross-sectional area (equivalent thickness) is increased due to the rigid connection (for example, with the aid of rivets 21) shelves 20 of the rear wall 14 with the first regiments of the 17th PL is Steen 16, and rigid connection of the second shelf 18 of the plate 16 against the rear wall 14 in the fixing bracket 1 (Fig.1) construction base 2, because the holes on the second shelf 18 (Fig.5) plates 16 align with the holes 15 for mounting the bracket on the rear wall 14. Thus, in places of the greatest stresses in the bracket increased cross-sectional area without additional material by using material from underloaded region of the bracket. This allows you to increase the carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket and reduce its intensity. In addition, when the hard compound rear wall 14 and shelves 17 and 18 of the plate 16, the load from the guide 3 (Fig.1) on the bracket 1 is redistributed between the first shelves 17 (Fig.5) plates 16 and shelves 20 of the rear wall 14 and between the second shelves 18 of the plate 16 and the rear wall 14 at fixing bracket through the holes 15. All this allows, by optimizing the thickness of the rear wall 14 and plates 16, to provide the maximum reduction of metal bracket given him loads and to increase the bearing capacity and reliability with a minimum of metal bracket. This, in turn, leads to increased bearing capacity and reliability of the system as a whole and to reduce the metal.

In bracket 1 (Fig.1) for attaching the system to build the nutrient base 2 can be introduced one or two pads 22 (Fig.6), the Central shelf 23 which is made with the limb 24 parallel to the rear wall 14 and having openings 25, coinciding with the holes 15 on the rear wall 14. Moreover, the Central shelf 23 is perpendicular to the rear wall 14 and the first shelves 17 plates 16 G-shaped. In addition, the Central shelf 23 is limb 26 parallel to the first shelf 17 of the plate 16 G-shaped and tightly placed between them, and the limb 24 parallel to the rear wall 14, is placed with its front side.

The number (one or two) of the plates 22 is determined depending on the loads acting on the bracket, according to the results of static analysis. Pads 22 improve the stability of the bracket in the lateral (horizontal) loads on it. It provides a dense placement of the limb 26 of the Central shelf 23 between the first regiments of the 17 plates 16, which prevents the movement of the shelves 17 of the plate 16 when the lateral loads on the bracket. This increases load-carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket. In addition, the pads 22 are rigidly connected with the rear wall 14 at fixing bracket through the holes 15 in the rear wall 14 and the holes 25 in the limb 24 of the Central shelf 23 and, thereby, strengthen the rear wall 14 and increase the carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket. Thus the edge between the Central shelf 23 and the limb 24 when hard with the unity of the pads 22 and the rear wall 14 also strengthens the back wall 14 and increases the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket.

Limb 26 of the Central shelf 23 pads 22 can be rigidly connected (e.g., with rivets) with the first regiments of the 17 plates 16 and/or shelves 20 of the rear wall 14.

This embodiment of the bracket design effectively increases the resistance of the bracket, and its carrying capacity and reliability, and therefore the system as a whole.

Plate 16 (Fig.6) G-shaped bracket 1 (Fig.1) for attaching the system to the construction base 2 can consist of a fixed 27 (Fig.6) 28 and the movable parts, one of which or both have the flange 29 to move the movable part along the length of the fixed part of the bracket.

This embodiment of the bracket 1 (Fig.1) provides the convenience of mounting rails 3 and hinged facade systems in General to the construction of the base 2, because it allows you to accurately set the plane of the guides 3 (planar façade system in General) regardless of irregularities of building Foundation 2 by moving the movable 28 (Fig.6) part of the plate 16 27 along a stationary part. Moving the movable 28 of the side plate 16 27 along a stationary part may be provided, for example, by flanging 29. The alignment of the plane of the facade system occurs without application of any additional loads to the bracket, and thereby its high reliability and nasasponsored.

In hinged facade system can be entered an extra closing bracket 30 (Fig.7) mounted along the length of the guide 3 is preferably in the center of the maximum bending moments (Fig.4) transmitted from the facing panel 4 (Fig.1) through the 5 elements of their fixation. The internal dimensions of the cross section of the additional closing brackets 30 (Fig.7) corresponds to the external cross section of the guides 3, the additional closing bracket 30 in the places of their fastening on rails 3 form together with the external surfaces of the guides 3 a closed surface.

Additional closing bracket 30 (Fig.7) installed locally in the places of occurrence of the maximum bending moments (Fig.4) in rails 3, increase the bearing capacity and reliability of the guides 3, and the system as a whole. Moreover, to achieve the above effect is not required to strengthen themselves rails 3 along their entire length, for example, increasing the cross-sectional area of the guides 3 (by increasing the wall thickness of the guides 3, or increase the width of their scanner or by both) along their entire length. Thereby is achieved a decrease of metal hinged facade system with increased load capacity and reliability of the system. In each case, can be the ü the selected optimal for this case the number of extra closing brackets 30, that, in turn, allows to optimize the metal structure of the system.

Thus, the proposed solution allows you to reduce the intensity, increase the bearing capacity and reliability hinged facade system.

1. Hinged facade system with brackets for attaching the system to the building base, mounted on brackets rails for mounting of facing panels, and fastening elements facing panels, the connecting inserts and closing brackets, and the guides made a profile and have a cross section of a closed shape, each connecting piece is also made of the profile, is installed inside two adjacent rails between the ends of which there is a gap, and mounted on the end of one of the adjacent rails, and inside the second connecting rail connecting the liner is installed tightly to ensure alignment of adjacent rails, in addition, at the end of the second connecting rail fixed closing bracket, wherein each rail is fixed on the bracket, with the gaps between the ends of the rails are at a distance from the mounting position of the guides on the bracket, preferably at such a distance, on which the rails along their length minimum occurs Izgi the surrounding moment transmitted from the facing panels by attaching them, in addition, the connecting pads in their fixation on the guides form together with the inner surfaces of the guide closed surfaces and trailing brackets in their fixation on the guides is formed with external guide surfaces closed surfaces.

2. Hinged facade system under item 1, characterized in that the trailing brackets are U-shaped, and guides the N - or C-shaped, with the inner dimensions of the cross section of the guard brackets correspond to the external dimensions of the cross section of the guide.

3. Hinged facade system under item 1, characterized in that the connecting inserts have the liberation (sampling, wydawcy) at the clamping ends of the brackets on the rails, and the dimensions of the cross section of the connecting pads correspond to the internal dimensions of the cross section of the guide.

4. Hinged facade system under item 1, characterized in that the connecting inserts made and installed so that the Central shelf liner perpendicular side shelves rail having a U - or C-shaped, and the side shelf liner parallel side shelves of the guide perpendicular to the Central shelf liner is directed toward the Central shelf guide and on a side shelf liner is made of wydawcy (limb) so that the position of the ends of these shelves in the direction corresponding to the inner corners of the guide closer to the bisector of these angles formed by the Central and side shelves guide, wydawca (limb) on the shelves liner coincide with the bracket closing bracket on the rail, in addition, the dimensions of the cross section of the insert correspond to the internal dimensions of the cross section of the guide.

5. Hinged facade system under item 1, characterized in that the brackets for attaching the system to the building grounds contain a back wall with holes through which they are attached, for example, with anchors at the building base, and the two plates G-shaped, first shelves which are designed for mounting rails, for example, by means of the exhaust rivets, while the second shelf plate directed away from the axis of symmetry of the bracket, in addition, in the Central part of the rear wall of the cut and bent in the direction of the guide shelves, perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall, moreover, the second shelf plate parallel to the back wall with its back side, with the front side of the rear wall facing in the direction of the guides, and the first shelf plates are PA is allele shelves back wall and rigidly connected with them, for example, by means of the exhaust studs and the edges of the angles formed by the plane of the shelves and the rear wall, are located in the inner corners of the plates, and the second shelf plates with holes coinciding with the holes on the back wall.

6. Hinged facade system on p. 5, characterized in that the brackets for attaching the system to the building Foundation introduced one or two pads, the Central shelf which is made with the limb parallel to the rear wall and having holes coinciding with the holes on the back wall, and a Central shelf perpendicular to the rear wall and the first regiments of the plates G-shaped, in addition, the Central shelf has a limb that is parallel to the first shelf plate G-shaped and tightly placed between them, with the limb parallel to the rear wall, is placed with its front side.

7. Hinged facade system on p. 5, characterized in that the plate of the l-shaped brackets for mounting the system to the building Foundation consists of the fixed and movable parts, one of which or both have the flange for moving the movable part along the length of the fixed part of the bracket.

8. Hinged facade system according to any one of paragraphs.1-7, characterized in that it introduced an additional trailing brackets mounted along the length of the guides suppose the equipment in places of occurrence of the maximum bending moments, transmitted from the facing panels through the items they are securing, with internal dimensions of the cross section of the additional closing brackets correspond to the external dimensions of the cross section of the guide, with additional trailing brackets in their fixation on the guides is formed with external guide surfaces closed surfaces.



 

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Facing panel // 2516143

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to designs of facing panels with a relief surface and may be used in items designed to line surfaces both outside and inside premises. The facing panel, comprising a base and an outer layer, on the front surface of which there are relief elements, which form a pattern, comprising convex elements and/or grooves, differing by the fact that in the relief pattern formed by specified elements, convex elements are made with maximum size in plan in diameter of up to 25 mm, and grooves are made with width of up to 25 mm and with depth, not exceeding 0.95d, where d - thickness of the outer layer, besides, the pattern is made to comply with the condition Sc.e/Sang.=0.05-19.0, where Sc.e - total area of convex elements, and Sang. - total area of grooves, the base is made, for instance, from metal, from wood laminate, from fibreboard, from medium density fibreboard, from paper laminate, from veneer, from polymer material, from composite material with polymer binding hardened medium, and the outer layer is made of stainless steel, aluminium alloy, aluzinc, titanium, bimetal or composite material with thickness d=0.01-5.0 mm and with depth of relief of the outer layer 0.001-3.0 mm. The relief pattern is made with regular arrangement of convex elements and grooves on the front surface of the panel with random arrangement of convex elements and grooves or with mixed regular and random arrangement of convex elements and grooves on the front surface of the panel.

EFFECT: technical metal consists in development of a facing panel of anti-vandal version with simultaneous reduction of possibility to contaminate surface of a facing panel and to increase duration of preservation of consumer characteristics.

24 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, namely, to structures for facing of suspended ventilated facades (SVF) of built and reconstructed buildings and structures. The substance of the invention: a device for fixation of suspended facing panels on building facades in a hidden manner includes vertical guides made with slots, fastening elements made in the form of a shelf, comprising a base, besides, fastening elements are made as capable of their installation into the slots made in the vertical guides, engagement with the responsive fastening elements, installed on the rear side of the facing panels, with formation of a fixation unit, capable of rotation relative to the axis of the specified slots, besides, the responsive fastening elements contain adjustment screws, are fixed with the help of anchor dowels, and one of the responsive fastening elements comprises a fixator made in the form of a bracket.

EFFECT: device makes it possible to install facing panels with displacement along the vertical line relative to each other and with a protrusion relative to the surface of the facade, and also to combine hidden and open methods of fixation of facing panels, not changing configuration and dimensions of guides.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly for producing decorative panels for facing outer surfaces of wooden prefabricated house.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying adhesive on panel surface; impressing granular material in adhesive applied on panel from below by pressing thereof to panel surface. Before granular material application panel is impregnated in melted industrial sulfur and then pre-coated. Device for granular material application includes container having through orifice, height-adjustable rod fixedly secured to plate by one end thereof and having pedal pivotally connected to another rod end. Rod may be displaced. Plate is made as container bottom for granular material movement to panel from below with pressing granular material in adhesive applied on panel secured in container by clamps. Panel faces granular material by surface coated with adhesive.

EFFECT: increased efficiency due to increased bonding strength of adhesive layer with panel and granular material with adhesive layer.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building industry, in particular mixture for production of finishing and ornamental articles.

SUBSTANCE: claimed mixture contains (vol. pts): bischofite aqueous solution 0.7-1.0; caustic magnesite 1.0-1.5; wood sawdust 2.0-3.5; and additionally iodinol pre-dissolved in bischofite aqueous solution 0.3-0.6. Also is disclosed raw mixture containing (vol. pts): bischofite aqueous solution 0.7-1.0; caustic magnesite 1.0-1.5; wood sawdust 2.0-3.5; and additionally crystal catnallite mineral introduced after caustic magnesite, wood sawdust and bischofite aqueous solution 0.25-0.40.

EFFECT: raw mixture with necessary serviceability and balneological effect for a long period.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: building, particularly plastering and other works for wall forming with the use of profiled screeds.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying mortar on wall base; impressing profiled screed bars in mortar layer; repeatedly applying mortar of wall base up to obtaining mortar layer having thickness exceeding that of profiled screed bars; smoothing wall surface with the use of shaping tool sliding over profiled screed bar parts projecting out of the wall. Profiled screed bar comprises adjusting screws installed along bar length so that space between adjusting screws in irregular areas of wall base is less than that in regular areas of wall base. After profiled screed bars impressing in mortar adjusting screws are drawn out to rest the adjusting screws upon wall base and to provide vertical position of the profiled screed bars as well as necessary mortar layer thickness.

EFFECT: increased wall quality.

8 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly facing outer building walls with large facing panels.

SUBSTANCE: facing panel mounting device comprises body with at least one suspension bail and sliding support. Sliding support is movably fastened to body. The body consists of two plates connected one to another. Clamped between the plates are one bail wall and vertical wall of sliding support. The plates are used as guiding plates, the sliding support is formed of T-shaped profile. Panel displacement limiter is arranged on horizontal shoulder. Suspension bail may be formed of hollow rectangular profile. Profile may be suspended on horizontal bar installed on outer wall surface under panel to be mounted by suspension means secured to vertical posts. Suspension bail may be formed of L-shaped profile and may be suspended directly to lower panel.

EFFECT: simplified mounting of large facing panels, increased productivity, accuracy and safety of elevated job performing.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction industry; methods of production of the raw mixture for manufacture of the finishing and ornamental construction products.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the methods of production of the raw mixture for manufacture of the finishing and ornamental construction products. The technical result of the invention is manufacture the finishing and ornamental products having the balneologic effect with the heightened emission of the aeroions of an iodine, magnesium and bromine during the long period of time of operation and at keeping the basic operational performances - such as the strength and crack-resistance. The method of production of the raw mixture for manufacture of the finishing and ornamental products includes intermixing the caustic magnesite with the sawdust, with the subsequent dampening of the mass with the bischofite water solution, the final intermixing. At that the mixture is introduced with iodinolum with amount of 0.3-0.6 volumetric shares, which is beforehand stirred with the water solution of bischofite. The alternative version of the method includes intermixing of the caustic magnesite with the sawdust and the subsequent dampening of the mass with the bischofite water solution and the final intermixing. At that the mixture is added with the crystals of the carnallite mineral of 2 mm to 10 mm size in the amount of 0.25-0.4 vol. shares. The crystals of the carnallite mineral are added right after the final intermixing of the basic components of the mixture, and stir during no more than 1.5 minutes.

EFFECT: the invention ensures manufacture the finishing and ornamental products having the balneologic effect with the heightened emission of the aeroions of an iodine, magnesium and bromine during the long period of operation and at keeping the basic operational performances - such as the strength and crack-resistance.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: coverings or linings for instance for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: corbel comprises metal member to be fastened to building wall. The metal member is provided with longitudinal guiding means defined in cross-section thereof and adapted to direct insert installed in the guiding means. The insert has connection surface to attach curtain wall panels of building facing thereto. Metal member is made as box stamped of steel sheet and having rectangular cross-section. The metal member is provided with stiffening ribs located at box cross-section corners. Longitudinal guiding means are symmetric with respect to stiffening ribs and are arranged in vertical walls of the box. Horizontal walls of the box are made as double-sided bents created in fixedly connected upper and lower flanges. Transversal surface adapted to secure the corbel to building wall is connected to vertical walls by means of bents, which define two vertical stiffening ribs, and is provided with longitudinal groove. The insert is U-shaped and has longitudinal guiding means located at bents.

EFFECT: improved operational characteristics, increased load-bearing capacity, enhanced production technology, reduced labor inputs and costs of corbel production.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises holder for facing member connection. The holder is connected to wall by means of at least one fastening member. The holder includes metal member with longitudinal guiders defined in cross-section thereof and has insert to be installed in the guiders. The insert comprises connection surface for facing member connection. Device also has horizontal and vertical profiles. Device is provided with two clamping plates for each facing panel. The clamping plates contact with horizontal profiles. Metal member is made as stamped box having rectangular cross-section and created of steel sheet material. The box is provided with stiffening ribs located in cross-section corners. Longitudinal guiders, which provide insert sliding, are symmetric about stiffening ribs and arranged on vertical box walls. Horizontal box walls are made as double-sided bends formed in upper and lower flanges and fixedly connected with each other. Transversal surface for device connection to wall is secured to vertical walls by means of bends, which create two vertical stiffening ribs, and is provided with longitudinal slot. The insert is U-shaped and has longitudinal guiders at bends thereof. Vertical profile is U-shaped and has stiffening ribs located in sides thereof. The stiffening ribs are made as bends folded through 180°. Horizontal support profile is made of sheet steel material and has vertical rear wall and horizontal support flange provided with orifices. Vertical face wall has double thickness and created as bend folded through 180°. Face bend is folded through an angle equal to that of face bend of straight clamping profile. The straight clamping profile is formed of steel sheet material and has vertical rear wall, horizontal support flange and face bent folded through, for instance, 45°. The straight clamping profile has spacing member.

EFFECT: increased easiness and reduced labor inputs for facing assemblage, simplified structure, increased load-bearing characteristics and improved performance, decreased material consumption and costs.

8 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: building tile has laminated structure. Tile includes visible upper plate and lower plate made of ceramics, clay or cement and defining tile substrate. Upper and lower plates are connected one to another by glue. To provide uniform glue layer, and to prevent bubble formation in glue or frangible zone creation lower plate surface to be connected to upper plate is made as dome with central point projected over remainder plate surface and declining towards lower plate edges.

EFFECT: increased strength of lower and upper plate connection.

10 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: civil and industrial building, particularly to erect or reconstruct buildings having facing of decorative or hanged heat-and-moisture protective panels.

SUBSTANCE: bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders made as flanging with inside directed edges to receive insert so that the insert may slide in horizontal direction. The insert is made as profile closed in horizontal plane and fixedly connected with the holder by means of at least two rivet pairs. Insert and holder are made of stainless steel or of galvanized steel. Holder flanging and insert flanging are formed on mating holder and insert edges. The insert also has additional flanging with inwards directed edges. The additional flanging has width exceeding that of holder flanging.

EFFECT: increased strength and reliability of hanged facing panel connection to building.

3 cl, 4 dwg

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