Steering column locking device

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: auxiliary interlocking mechanism is proposed which mechanism locks interlocking element (6) in steering column locking position. In the auxiliary interlocking element, its sliding plate (91) is engaging with auxiliary catching section (95) of interlocking element (6) being in steering column locked position, so that engagement between holding element (21) and holding/receiving section (93) could disengage. Closer to the side of interlocking element (6) rear end relative to relative to auxiliary catching section (95), fragile section (74) is fitted permissible loading on which is less than loading which can sliding plate (91) can withstand. In case when loading of specified or greater value is applied to interlocking element (6), the latter (6) breaks in fragile section (74).

EFFECT: enhanced antitheft protection.

11 cl, 14 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to a device for locking the steering column, locking the rotation shaft of the steering mechanism of the vehicle.

The level of technology

One of these types of traditional devices for locking the steering column described in a publication published patent application of Japan No. 2009-248843. As shown in Fig.1, the device 100 to lock the steering column includes: a blocking element 102, a shift in the direction (upward direction in Fig.1) steering shaft (not shown) of the vehicle by means of spiral springs 101 and placed in the shaft of the steering mechanism; a housing 103 of the actuator, which actuates the specified locking mechanism 102; and an auxiliary locking mechanism 120 located near the blocking element 102 and is able to block the blocking element 102 in the locked position of the steering column. Moreover, the housing 103 of the actuator includes: a rotary element 106, which is driven by the motor 105 through a worm gear (not shown); and a Cam element 107 moving reciprocating in the direction of movement of the blocking element 102 under the action of the rotation of the specified rotational element 106, and the Cam element 107 is connected to the blocking element 103 by means of a connecting stud 108. The auxiliary unit is the dominant mechanism 120 consists of a sliding plate 104, holding the shaft 113, the spring elements street 111A and 111b and the retaining element 115.

The moving plate 104 includes tazapsidis ledge 110, is able to engage with SitePlayer groove 109 of the side area of the blocking element 102, and is shifted in the direction of the blocking element 102 by means of the spring element street 111A. Moreover, the retaining shaft 113 extends from the rear surface of the cover 112 of the frame along the direction of movement of the blocking element 102 in the direction of the moving plate 104. The front end section a this holding shaft 113 engages with the section 114 SitePlayer groove of the moving plate 104, whereby the moving plate 104 is supported in a state remote from the locking element 102.

By means of the spring element street 111A holding the shaft 113 is displaced in the direction remote from the side plate 104. Moreover, siteplease pin 116 passes from the holding element 115, and it is placed with the possibility to detach the rear surface of the cap frame 112. The front end of this siteplease studs 116 engages with the rear end section 113b holding shaft 113, whereby the supported condition when holding the shaft 113 is engaged with the moving plate 104.

In the above configuration, when the motor 105 rotates in the direction BC is Kirovka in the Parking lot, the rotational element 106 is rotated by drive power of the motor 105, and the Cam element 107 is moved in the direction of the lock (in the upward direction in Fig.1) of the blocking element. Thus, the blocking element 102 changes its position to the locked position of the steering column using the bias force of the coil spring 101. In the front end of the blocking element 102 is placed in the shaft of the steering mechanism, and the rotation of the steering shaft is prevented, and accordingly, the vehicle goes into an unresponsive state.

After that, when the motor 105 is rotated in the unlocking direction, the rotational element 106 is rotated in the reverse direction and the blocking element 102 changes the position to the unlocked position with the Cam element 107. In the blocking element 102 is detached from the shaft of the steering mechanism and, accordingly, rotation of the steering shaft becomes free, and the car is returned in a responsive state.

Moreover, in the locked state of the steering shown in Fig.1, the retaining shaft 113 protrudes from the rear surface of the cover 112 of the frame in the direction of the moving plate 104, and its front end engages with the section 114 SitePlayer groove of the moving plate 104. Thus, the moving plate 104 is supported in the being, remote from the locking element 102. Moreover, in the locked state of the steering holding the shaft 113 protrudes from the rear surface of the cover 112 of the frame in the direction of the moving plate 104 and its front end engages with the section 114 SitePlayer groove of the moving plate 104. Thus, the moving plate 104 is supported in a state remote from the locking element 102.

Therefore, when external force is applied to the device 100 to lock the steering column side cover 112 of the frame during Parking of the vehicle by illegal influence on the unlock holding element 115 falls from the back surface of the cover 112 of the frame and moves the beveled area a. Thus, the engagement between siteplease pin 116 and the retaining shaft 113 is opened, the retaining shaft 113 is moved to the side of the cover 112 of the frame, and holding the shaft 113 is separated from the section 114 SitePlayer groove of the movable plate 104. Thus, the side plate 104 is pressed in the direction of the blocking element 102 spring element street 111A, and tazapsidis the tab 110 engages with SitePlayer groove 109 on the side area of the blocking element 102. Thus, the blocking element 102 is stopped in the locked position of the steering column, respectively, rotation of the steering shaft predot asaeda, and it is possible to prevent a crash in which the car is driven, in the case of illegal operations to unlock, thus, can be increased protection against theft of the vehicle during its stay in the Parking lot.

Technical task

As described above, in the conventional device 100 for a steering column lock, when the cover 112 of the frame is detached to open its internal space by illegal actions to unlock, the motor 105, the rotational element 106 and similar elements are disconnected, and you can reach the Cam element 107. Therefore, by holding the blocking element 102 in the locked position of the steering column by means of a sliding plate 104, there is a fear that if you attempt to pull the Cam element 107 by means of great effort, steering column lock can be removed due to the failure of the moving plate 104 and, thus, release of such auxiliary lock.

In this regard, the present invention is a device for locking the steering column, which does not allow you to pull the blocking element even in the case of attempts to pull the blocking element with a large force after removing the cover.

The solution of the problem

To solve this problem, the first object of the brew is its invention provides a device for locking the steering column, comprising: a blocking element located with the possibility of free movement between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column; an auxiliary locking mechanism that holds the locking element in the locked position of the steering column in the illicit unlocking; and fragile land located between the blocking element and the auxiliary locking mechanism that is broken due to application of load to a locking element for holding the locking element in the locked position of the steering column in the illicit unlocking.

The second object of the present invention provides a device for locking the steering column, comprising: a blocking element located with the opportunity to freely slide between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column, while the blocking element has a front end, tazapsidis with the shaft of the steering mechanism in the locked position of the steering column, auxiliary siteplease area, equipped with the locking element; and an auxiliary locking element located with the opportunity to freely slide between the position of the auxiliary lock and the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock, which SOS is the right of being in the position of the auxiliary lock engages with the auxiliary SitePlayer area of the blocking element, located in the locked position of the steering column, and blocks the locking element in the locked position of the steering column, the device for locking the steering column is equipped with a fragile site, completed in the area of the blocking element closer to the rear end than the auxiliary siteplease plot, fragile plot has less perceived value of the load than the value allowed for the auxiliary locking element, and is broken when the load set value or more to a locking element in a state where the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary siteplease plot meshed with each other.

Moreover, a third object of the present invention provides a device for locking the steering column, comprising: a cover; a frame, covered with a lid; a locking element located with the opportunity to freely slide between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column and having a front end, tazapsidis with the shaft of the steering mechanism in the locked position of the steering column; and an auxiliary locking mechanism having an auxiliary siteplease plot, fitted on the locking element, the auxiliary locking element, located in RAM is with the opportunity to freely slide between the position of the auxiliary lock and the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock and move it down by using shifting devices to the side position of the steering lock the column in which it engages with the auxiliary SitePlayer plot, and the retaining element having one end attached to the lid, in which, in a state where the cover is connected to the frame, the front end of the retaining element forms an engagement with the holding/receiving area of the auxiliary locking element at the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock, and auxiliary holding the locking element in position for removal of the auxiliary lock, in which case movement of the cover relative to the frame, the engagement between the holding element and the holding/receiving section is opened, auxiliary locking element moves from the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock in the position of the auxiliary lock by means of driving force shifting devices, and auxiliary locking element engages with the auxiliary SitePlayer section of the locking element in the locked position of the steering column, and blocks the locking element in the locking position of the steering column, the device for locking the steering column is equipped with: a fragile area, equipped in the area of the blocking element closer to the rear end than the auxiliary siteplease plot, fragile plot has the perceived value of the load is less than the load value, valid for the auxiliary locking element, and is broken when the load set value or more to a locking element in a state where the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary siteplease plot meshed with each other.

Auxiliary locking element may be made of sheet sliding plate, and an auxiliary siteplease plot can be made as the connecting pin protruding from the locking element.

Fragile site can be done in the area in the hole to lock in the locking element when it is placed in the lock position of the steering column.

Load, withstand fragile land, may be set larger than the load applied to the locking element when the locking element slides between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column.

Load, withstand fragile land, may be less than the load, withstand each of the auxiliary locking element and an auxiliary section gear.

Advantages of the invention

In accordance with the above-described configuration, in the case when the load set value or more is applied Krupka site as a result of attempted forced removal of the blocking element with great force, fragile site is broken and, consequently, it becomes impossible to pull the blocking element. In this configuration can be further enhanced protection against theft.

In the case when the plate element is moving and can engage with the protruding pin, is formed by a relatively simple configuration and, accordingly, can be made more precise. In this configuration can be further enhanced protection against theft.

In the case when the load set value or more is attached to the fragile site and fragile area is broken, the locking element remains in the hole for the direction of the castle, to the remainder of the blocking element cannot be touched, and it becomes impossible to pull the blocking element. In this configuration can be further enhanced protection against theft.

In the case when the load is attached to the fragile site, installed more than a load attached to a locking element when the locking element slides between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column, the fragile site not break under normal operations. In this configuration, the reliability of the activation of the entire device can be improved.

In the case when the load endured by grupomacuta.com, less than load, withstand each of the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary SitePlayer plot, in the attempt of illegal unlocking device for locking the steering column fragile site is broken before the blocking element can be unplugged. In this configuration can be further enhanced protection against theft.

Brief description of drawings

Fig.1 is a view in cross section showing the state steering column lock device for locking the steering column in accordance with traditional technology;

Fig.2 is a General view in perspective of the device for locking the steering column according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig.3 is a perspective view according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing the state of Fig.2, when the cover is detached;

Fig.4 is a perspective view according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing the state of Fig.3, when the mounting scheme and similar elements have been disconnected;

Fig.5 is a perspective view according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing a condition where the side of the rear end suspension with Fig.4 has been removed, after the rupture of fragile land;

Fig.6 is a top view according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing with the standing steering column lock with Fig.5;

Fig.7 is a view in cross section according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention along the line VII-VII from Fig.6;

Fig.8 is a view in cross section according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention along the line VIII-VIII of Fig.6;

Fig.9 is a top view according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing the locked state of the steering column with Fig.5;

Fig.10 is a view in cross section according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention along the line X-X of Fig.9;

Fig.11 is a view in cross section according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention along the line XI-XI of Fig.9;

Fig.12 is a perspective view of the main area according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing the state when the retaining shaft engages with a sliding plate during steering column lock;

Fig.13 is a perspective view of the main area according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing the state when the retaining shaft is separated from the moving plate during locking steering column; and

Fig.14 is a perspective view of the main area according to a variant of embodiment of the present invention, showing the state when the suspension is broken on the fragile area during a steering column lock.

Description of embodiments of the invention

Below is a description of the options, the ants embodiment of the present invention with reference to the drawings. As shown in Fig.2-14, the device 1 to lock the steering column in accordance with these variants of the embodiment includes the cover 2 and the frame 3, connected to each other, and attached to the steering column device (not shown), which placed the shaft of the steering mechanism (not shown) of the vehicle.

Inside the frame 3 is formed: the camera 3A for component placement, open on one side (upper side in Fig.4, Fig.5 and so on); the hole 3b for the direction of the castle, passing through the frame 3 from the bottom section of the chamber 3A for accommodating components to the device side of the steering column and passing in the direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the shaft of the steering mechanism; a device 3C for the auxiliary lock is held in the direction perpendicular to this hole 3b for the direction of the castle. Moreover, the frame 3 includes a pair of sections of the legs 3d and 3d designed for wrapping device of the steering column.

In the chamber 3A for component placement are: motor 31 as the source drive; a worm gear (not shown) rotating in the unlocking direction and in the direction of the lock by means of the drive of the worm gear 32 of the rotational shaft of the motor; and a sliding element 5 is driven through a worm gear and sliding in the direction perpendicular to b is okoruwa element 6, which will be described later.

In the hole 3b for the direction of the castle is blocking element 6, the supporting state of the lock shaft of the steering mechanism. Moreover, in the hole 3C for the auxiliary lock is placed an auxiliary locking mechanism 9 that holds the blocking element 6 in the locked position when the cover 2 is detached from the frame 3.

As shown in Fig.5, the sliding element 5 is comprised of: plot of the base 51, passing in the direction of the glide slope 52, passing from one end of the segment 51 of the base and gradually tilting in the direction of the steering shaft toward the front end; and section 53 of the front end, which passes from the inclined section 52 in the direction of sliding. Moreover, in the area 51 base with serrated section 54, tazapsidis with the worm gear. Moreover, the sliding element 5 are made so as to be able to slide between the end block and the end of the lock, which is located in the chamber 3A for location of components.

The blocking element 6 consists mainly of a suspension bracket 7 and the housing 8 of the castle. The suspension 7 is the side of the rear end of the blocking element 6 and is connected with a sliding element 5. Building 8 castle is the front end to lock the corresponding element 6 and is connected to the suspension 7 by means of connecting pins 62. Building 8 castle is located so that its front end could come and go from the bottom surface of the frame 3, is placed in the shaft of the steering mechanism in a state of protrusion from the bottom surface of the frame 3 and in this case blocks the shaft of the steering mechanism (steering column lock). Then between the platform 7 and the housing 8 of the castle is placed coil spring 61 as a bias adjustment. Using compressive reaction forces of the coil springs 61 case 8 castle is shifted from the position to unlock the steering column to the side of the steering column lock. Moreover, one end of the tie rods 62 acts on the blocking element 6 and is supporting siteplease section 95, which forms an auxiliary locking mechanism 9, which will be described later.

As shown in Fig.12-14, the suspension 7 mainly consists of a section of the base 72 and the connecting section 73. Section 72 of the base includes a section 71 of the intake slope, located on the rear end section of the locking element 6 has an essentially U-shaped in cross section, while the form is open along the bottom section of the chamber 3A for accommodating components, and has a section 71 of reception of inclination from the inner side. After that, in the extreme area of the rear end section 71 of the receiving slope set the len inclined section 71, removing the lock, and the outer area of the front end section 71 of the receiving tilt set blocking inclined section 71.

Moreover, the fragile section 74 is installed on the root site blocking slant section 71b. Fragile section 74 is located closer to the side 6A of the rear end of the blocking element 6 than auxiliary siteplease section 95, and is made so that its mechanical strength was weaker relative to other areas of the suspension 7. That is, in the case when the suspension 7 is moved on the inclined section 52 of the moving element 5 and the blocking element 6 is moved between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column, when the front end of the blocking element 6 engages with the shaft of the steering mechanism, tearing load is attached to the suspension 7 during removal of the blocking element 6. Permissible load on the fragile area 74 for this type of load is set to a certain value, so that the fragile section 74 could possess sufficient strength without deformation or rupture. Moreover, in the case when the load is attached to the blocking element 6 in the direction of wrest it from the position of the steering column lock to the unlocked position of the steering column, in a state where the moving plate is 91, which will be described later, and auxiliary siteplease section 95 which engage with each other, permissible load on the fragile area 74 is set so that the fragile area 74 may be broken before sliding plate 91 and auxiliary siteplease section 95 will be deformed or torn. It should be noted that the value of the permissible load is fixed by the refinement of the size of the fragile area 74 in comparison with other parts of the drilling fragile area and so on

The connecting section 73 extends from the area of the base 72 in the direction of the shaft of the steering mechanism (i.e. to the side of the front end of the blocking element 6), and connected to the case 8 of the lock by means of a connecting stud 62. Surface (wide surface) of the connecting section 73 in the width direction is parallel to the axial direction of the steering column shaft, and a round hole 73a, in which is placed a connecting pin 62, passes in the direction of the width.

As shown in Fig.12-14, at the end of the rear side of the housing 8 of the castle is equipped with a couple of sections of the shoulders 81 and 82, which are in the direction of the suspension 7 (i.e., upward in Fig.12-14), and in the relevant sections 81 and 82 of the shoulders is made of a long hole (not shown), elongated in the direction of motion of the suspension 7, and the connecting pin 62 concentration is placed on the long holes. At the end of the housing 8 of the castle on the side of the cover 2, which is located between the sections 81 and 82 of the shoulders formed by the hole 83 under the spring, receiving the other end of the coil spring 61.

The auxiliary locking mechanism 9 comprises: a sliding plate (auxiliary locking element) 91 extending from the broad surface of the blocking element 6 in the direction of thickness of the plate of the blocking element 6; the coil spring (bias devices) 92, which moves the sliding plate 91 in the direction of the tie rods 62 of the locking mechanism 6; retaining shaft (holding element) 21 acting on the inner surface of the cover 2; and one end (auxiliary SitePlayer section 95) of the above tie rods 62.

Sliding plate 91 and a coil spring 92 is located more outside than the wide surface of the blocking element 6, in order to be able to slide between the position of the auxiliary lock, when the sliding plate 91 engages with the protrusion of the locking element located in the locked position of the steering column, and removing the auxiliary lock when sliding plate 91 allows the locking element to slide. Moreover, as shown in Fig.12, on the side of one end of the moving place the ins 91 made siteplease in-depth plot (holding/receiving section) 93, which engages the front end of the holding shaft 21, protruding inward from the rear surface of the cover 2. At the other end of the sliding plate 91 is made forked siteplease finite element receiving the connecting pin 62 by the compression of the upper and lower sides.

Holding the shaft 21 has the shape of a shaft and is made as one piece with the cover 2 on the inner surface of the cover 2 having a box-like shape, one surface of which is open. Then, as for holding the shaft 21, in a state when the cover 2 is connected with the frame 3, the front end of the holding shaft 21 engages with SitePlayer depth section 93 of the sliding plate 91 in the removal of the auxiliary lock, and sliding plate 91 is held in position by removal of the auxiliary lock. Moreover, when the cover 2 drops from the frame 3, the engagement between the retaining shaft 21 and SitePlayer depth section 93 is opened and the sliding plate 91 is moved to the position of the auxiliary lock using the bias force of the coil spring 92.

Next will be described the operation of the above device 1 for a steering column lock. When activated, the motor 31, the force of the drive motor 31 is transmitted to the moving element 5 through the gear section 54, and the sliding element 5 slides. Then, with what you learn when the sliding element 5 slides to the side block end blocking inclined section 71b of the suspension 7 is moved on the inclined section 52, whereby the blocking element 6 is moved to the position of the steering column lock that prevents rotation of the steering shaft, and the housing 8 of the lock protrudes from the bottom surface of the frame 3 and is placed in the shaft of the steering mechanism. As a result, the rotation of the steering shaft is prevented and, accordingly, the vehicle is supported in an unmanaged state (locked state of the steering column). Moreover, when the sliding element 5 slides to the side end of the lock body 8 of the castle is given in frame 3 and again there is the possibility of rotation of the steering shaft. Accordingly, the vehicle is returned to a managed state (unlock the steering column).

Moreover, in the above locked state of the steering column, as shown in Fig.12, the sliding plate 91 is shifted to the side position of the auxiliary lock and hold it using the bias force of the coil spring 92. In the case when the cover 2 is detached from the frame 3 by illegal influence, as shown in Fig.13, the retaining shaft 21 of the cover 2 is separated from SitePlayer depth of section 93 of the sliding plate 91. In the sliding plate 91 is moved from the position of snati the auxiliary lock to the position of the auxiliary lock and siteplease tail section 94 of the sliding plate 91 engages with the connecting pin 62 of the housing 8 of the lock by squeezing the top and bottom sides. Thus, movement of the blocking element 6 (suspension 7 and the housing 8 of the castle) is prevented, and held the lock status of the steering column through the housing 8 of the castle.

Then, when mounting the circuit 33, the motor 31, the worm gear and similar elements are detached by continuing unlawful acts unlocks, opens suspension 7. When the load of a specific value or more is attached to the suspension 7 of this state, in the attempt to forcibly pull the suspension 7 with the aid of a large force, as shown in Fig.14, the suspension 7 is broken at the fragile section 74. Thus, the remaining suspension 7 cannot be stretched. Moreover, the remaining suspension 7 is located in the deepest part of the hole 3b for the direction of the castle, and, accordingly, do not touch the suspension 7 and the housing 8 of the castle, it becomes impossible to pull the blocking element 6, and saves the state of the steering column lock.

From the above it follows that it is possible to improve the anti-theft device for locking the steering column without changing its configuration.

It should be noted that in this embodiment of the fragile area 74 is installed on the root site (U-shaped corner section of the front end locking slant section 71b. However, not limited to this, it is also possible is becoming fragile site a (with reference to Fig.12) of the suspension 7, which is located closer to the side 6A of the rear end, as in the root area (U-shaped corner plot on the side of the rear end) of the inclined section 71 of the lock.

Moreover, in this embodiment, one fragile site is made in the support 7; however, it may be performed two or more fragile site, and payload fragile area 74 on the side of the front end of the blocking element 6 can be selected to be greater than the payload fragile site a on the side of his rear end. With this configuration, when an attempt is made to pull the blocking element 6 by means of great effort, first breaks the fragile area 74 at the rear end. Then, even if you attempt to pull the blocking element 6 is continued, as is broken fragile element 75 as another of the pair, and it becomes impossible to pull the blocking element 6. Thus, illegal unlocking will take a lot of time, and, optionally, unlock, in the end, will not be able to be implemented. Accordingly, it is possible to further increase protection against theft.

Moreover, in this embodiment of the adopted configuration, so that when removing the cover 2 from the frame 3, the engagement between the retaining shaft 21 and SitePlayer-depth plot 93 could be separated, and RMSE is Izawa plate 91 may have the ability to move from the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock to the position of the auxiliary lock. However, not limited to this, may be employed such a configuration in which, when the cover 2 is rotated on the frame 3 and so on, holding the shaft 21 is relatively moved on the frame 3, the engagement between the retaining shaft 21 and SitePlayer depth section 93 is disconnected and the moving plate gets the opportunity to move from a position of removal of the auxiliary lock in the position of the auxiliary lock.

1. The device for locking the steering column that contains:
a blocking element mounted with a possibility of free movement between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column;
the auxiliary locking mechanism that holds the locking element in the locked position of the steering column in the illicit unlocking; and
fragile land located between the blocking element and the auxiliary locking mechanism being torn apart under the action of a load attached to a locking member for holding the locking element in the locked position of the steering column in the illicit unlock;
moreover fragile site has a load capacity which is less than the load, withstand auxiliary locking element,
when this load of fragile site more load it can withstand the second blocking element in the case, when the locking element slides between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column.

2. The device for locking the steering column that contains:
a blocking element mounted with an opportunity to freely slide between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column, and a blocking element has a front end, tazapsidis with the shaft of the steering mechanism in the locked position of the steering column;
auxiliary siteplease section, performed on a blocking element; and
auxiliary locking element mounted with an opportunity to freely slide between the position of the auxiliary lock and the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock, the state of being in the position of the auxiliary lock tazapsidis with auxiliary SitePlayer section of the locking element in the locked position of the steering wheel, and locking the locking element in the locked position steering column
when this blocking element contains a fragile site in the area closer to the rear end than the auxiliary siteplease plot, fragile site has a load capacity which is less than the load, withstand auxiliary locking element, and terminates the I, when the load of a given or greater value is attached to the blocking element in a state where the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary siteplease section engage with each other,
the load, withstand fragile site, the more load it can withstand the locking element when the locking element slides between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column.

3. The device according to p. 2, in which the auxiliary locking element is made from a flat sliding plate, and an auxiliary siteplease plot is made of tie rods projecting out of the blocking element.

4. The device under item 2 or 3, in which the fragile section is made in the area in the hole to lock the locking element in the locked position of the steering column.

5. The device according to p. 4, in which the load withstanding fragile area, less load, withstand each of the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary SitePlayer plot.

6. The device under item 2 or 3, in which the load withstanding fragile area, less load, withstand each of the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary SitePlayer plot.

7. The device diablocraft steering column, contains:
cover;
the frame is covered with a lid;
a blocking element located in performed in the frame hole to lock installed with the opportunity to freely slide between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering column and having a front end, tazapsidis with the shaft of the steering mechanism in the locked position of the steering column; and
the auxiliary locking mechanism, which includes:
auxiliary siteplease section, performed on a blocking element,
auxiliary locking element mounted in the frame with the opportunity to freely slide between the position of the auxiliary lock and the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock and move it down by using shifting devices to the side position of the steering column lock in engagement with the auxiliary SitePlayer plot, and
the retaining element, one end of which is attached to the cover, and in a state where the cover is connected to the frame, the front end of the retaining element engages with the holding/receiving area of the auxiliary locking element at the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock, and holds the auxiliary locking element in position for removal of the auxiliary lock,
thus, before the second end of the retaining element engages with the holding/receiving area of the auxiliary locking element, in the event of movement of the cover relative to the frame, the engagement between the holding element and the holding/receiving section disconnected, the auxiliary locking mechanism is moved from the position of the removal of the auxiliary lock to the position of the auxiliary lock using the bias force of bias devices, and auxiliary locking element engaged with the auxiliary SitePlayer section of the locking element in the locked position of the steering wheel, and locking the locking element in the locked position steering column
moreover, the blocking element contains a fragile site in the area closer to the rear end than the auxiliary siteplease plot, fragile site has a load capacity which is less than the load, withstand auxiliary locking element, and is broken when the load is installed or greater value is attached to the blocking element in a state where the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary siteplease plot meshed with each other,
at this load, withstand fragile site, the more load it can withstand the locking element when the locking element slides between the position of the steering column lock and unlocked position of the steering Colo is key.

8. The device according to p. 7, in which the auxiliary locking element is made from a flat sliding plate, and an auxiliary siteplease plot is made of tie rods projecting out of the blocking element.

9. The device under item 7 or 8, in which the fragile section is made in the area in the hole to lock the locking element in the locked position of the steering column.

10. The device under item 9, in which the load withstanding fragile area, less load, withstand each of the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary SitePlayer plot.

11. The device under item 7 or 8, in which the load withstanding fragile area, less load, withstand each of the auxiliary locking element and the auxiliary SitePlayer plot.



 

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5 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to public information systems and intelligent transport systems. The method comprises installing an intelligent transport system on vehicle, completely adapting the system to the electrical system of the vehicle, using the system continuously in automatic and manual mode together with cellular communication means, the Internet and navigation satellite systems, and performing video surveillance and monitoring of the vehicle at a distance using cellular equipment which supports 3G technology. The intelligent transport system consists of the following basic interlinked structural components: a video surveillance system, a video recorder, a touch screen display, a processor board with a SIM module, a transceiver, an emergency unit with an antitheft system module, a uninterrupted power supply, a multimedia device, a distance meter and a preventive security system.

EFFECT: achieving comprehensive protection of a vehicle, the driver, passengers, pedestrians and creating favourable traffic conditions overall.

4 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Proposed device comprises valve (7) to reciprocate in antitheft device (1) for locking the steering column. Lock is fixed to antitheft device (1) to displace said valve (7). Locking means displace when lock gets disengaged from antitheft device (1) between inactive position and working position whereat locking means lock said valve (7). Antitheft device (1) comprises extra retainers of locking means to lock the latter at working position. Said retainers comprises clip and second spring means to act thereat in direction of the position whereat said clip retains said locking means at working position.

EFFECT: higher reliability.

12 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automated systems for monitoring road traffic and is intended for automatic identification of vehicles and generating an algorithm of actions with respect to further use thereof, and for real-time notification of the driver on all remarks relating to use of a vehicle as a road traffic participant. The vehicle monitoring system includes an electronic device mounted on the vehicle and capable of storing the identification number of the vehicle and information necessary and sufficient for mutual authentication of said device and devices at control points of the system, which are connected via a single telecommunication network to a distributed data base in which the obtained information is processed. To improve protection from unauthorised access, broadcast data are encrypted and accuracy of obtained information is further verified.

EFFECT: designing a reliable system for informing a driver on use of a vehicle as a road traffic participant.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises case to house lock 20 composed of latch 4 displacing between open position whereat it stays at a distance from steering column and closed position whereat it locks the latter and latch drive slider 10 to drive said latch 4 into open or closed position. Slider 10 is driven by said lock 20. Extra locking means can lock latch 4 in locked position. Said extra locking means are retained in passive position by actuator 28 of slider 10. Cam 24 of lock 20 acts at actuator 28 to control latch 4 and to release extra locking means at detachment of said cam 24.

EFFECT: simplified and compact design, higher reliability.

22 cl, 7 dwg

Truck coupler // 2503573

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Proposed coupler comprises plate with hole to received the pin, pin lock and retainer acting on said lock and displacing from locking position and unlocking position. Coupler comprises safety device with retainer and displacing from locking position and unlocking position. When in locking position, it is directed into aforesaid hole. Lock can be retained in locking position when retainer is in unlocking position.

EFFECT: ruled out unauthorised trailer uncoupling.

40 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering. Keeper support 1 for temporary installation of instrument 13 of aircraft wheel 8 comprises two bearing elements 2 interconnected by axle 4. Elements 2 serve to rest on ground and wheel tire 8 and are located along axis parallel with wheel axis. Said support comprises drives 7, 9 to displace said elements 2 to inactive position and to locked position. Said drives comprises lever 7 with its one end coupled with the end of U-like element 9. Both arms 902 of U-like element are arranged to turn at the ends of one of two bearing elements 2. Observation device 13 is installed at lever 7 with the help of platform 6. Note here that said support 1 is mounted at the wheel so that device 13 is shifted relative to landing gear leg 18. Device 13 comprises set of IR transducers, set of imaging transducers, data transceiving means, memory and computer.

EFFECT: reliable and safe attachment.

13 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to production and use of vehicle seats. Antitheft device is fitted to vehicle seat. Seat comprises pad, carcass and adjustable-inclination backrest consisting of fixed and moving parts. Said parts are arranged in seat backrest to interact by means of extra horizontal axle. Moving part can turn forward while extra axle can displace horizontally in its hinges to make actuator of locking appliance. Said actuator fits in special-shape hole, for example, square hole, at first rigid element mounted at seat pad carcass to get in contact with second rigid element mounted at backrest fixed part to retain aforesaid hinges so that seat may not be unlocked.

EFFECT: antitheft system with spatial transformation of seat structural elements in vertical plane.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radio-electronic systems used for monitoring immovable property objects and vehicles. Proposed system contains one or several dispatcher centers, personal information centers, stationary and carry-on alarm complexes. System is provided with over-territory distributed retransmission-radio direction finding network with retransmitters-radio direction finders made for reception of signals containing code messages from carry-on alarm complexes, measuring power of received signals and bearings of sources of radiation and transmission of said code messages and results of measurements to dispatcher center. Said dispatcher centers and at least part of personal information centers are made with possibility of access to external information sources. Stationary and carry-on alarm complexes are made for transmission of voice and text messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network. Dispatcher centers and personal information centers are made for reception of said voice, test messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network.

EFFECT: reduced level of false alarms at revealing of facts of unauthorized action onto objects under protection, improved reliability of location of hi-jacked vehicle.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed invention relates to security systems providing search, detection and finding of current location of vehicle and possibility of interception of hi-jacked vehicles security hazard express vehicle. Subscriber's complex with receiver installed on vehicle is connected by radio with mobile communication network, microcontroller connected to alarm units and actuating devices, satellite navigation unit and subscriber's signaling device radiating code messages on carrier frequency in form of hopping-signal with information of category of message and codes of identification symbols of vehicle. Retransmission network receives code messages from subscriber's signaling devices and transmits them to security hazard express vehicle furnished with radio-search complexes. Each of said complexes contains communication and data transmission unit connected to mobile communication network, unit to store information from external sources, unit to receiver code messages from retransmission network or subscriber's signaling devices, processing, displaying and coordinate finding unit, operator's personal computer, satellite navigation unit and electronic magnetic compass.

EFFECT: improved accuracy of determination of relative location of hi-jacked vehicle and security hazard express vehicle taking part in interception.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protection of vehicles against unauthorized action and control. Standard electronic modules connected to vehicle supply bus are coupled with vehicle functional members and provide checking of state and control of vehicle functional members. System includes local data network controller, of data exchange protocol, external radio network terminal and security lo-jack subsystem. The latter includes controller connected to vehicle supply bus, electronic modules connected to corresponding functional members of vehicle and remote identification unit coupled by radio with vehicle-mounted and carry-on parts. System includes control PLC-unit consisting of PLC-controller, PLC-transceiver and PLC-adapter connected with vehicle supply bus. PLC-modes are built into standard electronic modules, controller and electronic modules of security lo-jack subsystem, each PLC-modem being coupled with vehicle supply bus. Controller-converter of data exchange protocol and controller of vehicle local data network are made for data exchanger with PLC-controller.

EFFECT: provision of high degree of vehicle protection, possibility of control of service devices, ease of mounting and connecting of nonstandard electronic equipment to standard equipment of vehicle.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed to protect vehicle from unauthorized use. User remote identification unit consists of vehicle-mounted part and carry-on part connected with processor unit whose control input is connected with supply bus through ignition switch. Display unit input is connected to first output of processor unit. Each functional member locking unit contains series-connected first matching unit whose input is connected by communication channel to second output of processor unit, decoder, memory element and relay connected through contact groups to functional member to be inter locked, and also series-connected relay contact group test unit, nonvolatile memory, coder and second matching unit whose output is connected to first input of processor unit by communication channel. Delay element and movement sensor are connected to corresponding inputs of memory unit. Input of delay element and contact groups of relay are connected to supply input of processor unit. Second output of nonvolatile memory is connected to second input of processor unit. Display unit is made for receiving signals from processor unit indicating provision of jumper parallel to contact group of relay.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of protection of vehicle owing to possibility of detection concealed jumpers installed in interlock circuits of functional members.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle security systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains standard electronic modules some of which are made for revealing condition and controlling functional elements of vehicle, local information system controller, data exchange protocol controller-converter coupled with transceiver-terminal of cellular mobile communication system, security lo-jack subsystem with its controller, electronic modules connected to corresponding functional elements of vehicle and units of radio frequency identification, controlled parameters, deviation recording, controlled parameters deviation detecting and biometric identification, eyes movement video detector, controlled parameters deviation indicating unit, additional electronic module with video camera pointed to vehicle driver's face, video digitizer and picture compressor and multiplexed bus. Security-lo-jack subsystem controller is made for processing biometric data, for instance, outline of face and/or iris and forming, depending on results of processing, and transmitting orders to interlock or release corresponding functional elements of vehicle by multiplexed bus.

EFFECT: improved protection of vehicle from unauthorized use, improved safety on road.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems providing protection of vehicles from hi-jacking, theft and unauthorized use and location of current position of vehicle. Proposed system contains security lo-jack subsystem, vehicle-mounted computer consisting of system unit and monitor, video camera, navigation unit operating by signals from global satellite radio navigation systems, transceiver coupled with radio modem being terminal of standard mobile communication network, subscriber's receiver being terminal of paging communication and video processor unit consisting of video digitizer and picture analyzing unit. Security l0-jack subsystem includes processor control unit, vehicle-mounted radio frequency identification unit, security pickups and units to interlock functional members of vehicle. Picture analyzing unit includes video locking unit, background rejection unit, contour detector, buffer memory unit, comparator unit and frame storage unit. Video camera is arranged before user sitting at vehicle handwheel who has visual contact with monitor screen. System unit made to control cursor and pictograms on motor screen, and processor control unit is made to form and transmit commands for blocking or releasing functional members of vehicle.

EFFECT: improved resistance to attempts of unauthorized use.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: security alarms reveal intrusion of criminal into vehicle and form alarms messages by which high frequency signals are modulated. The latter are transmitted by retransmission-radio direction finding network and by standard cellular mobile communication network to dispatcher center. Test signals confirming communication with of vehicle with dispatcher center are received on high-jacked vehicle by standard cellular network. Alarm messages are selected and processed in dispatcher center, identification signs of high-jacked vehicle and its location are determined and initial and current external target designations are transmitted to security hazard express vehicle and, if necessary, movement of high-jacked vehicle is blocked. When messages are transmitted by retransmission-radio direction finding network, coincidence of messages transmitted and received by radio are checked on board the high-jacked vehicle. In case of no coincidence, signal of interruption of reception by retransmission-radio direction finding network is formed. When test signals are received by standard cellular network on high-jacked vehicle, mean signal/noise ratio for preset internal is determined and compared with preset threshold, and if they drop to threshold level with simultaneous interruption of reception by retransmission-radio direction finding network, high-jacked vehicle interlock units are acted upon to stop the vehicle. Object terminal generates alarm signals which are taken by security hazard express vehicle. Bearings and external target designations are used to control movement of security hazard express vehicle at intercepting high-jacked vehicle.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of interception even if high-jacked use vehicles.

3 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; centralized radio security systems.

SUBSTANCE: vehicle is provided with carry-on security set made for receiving signals of global satellite radio navigation system and determining real-time location of high-jacked vehicle, and for transmitting and receiving signals from standard cellular mobile communication network and radiating signals with hopping carrier frequency-hopping signals with code messages containing identification signs of vehicle and its current location. Balloon subsystems are distributed within the limits of observed territory, each consisting of air observation complex connected by variable-length cable and including retransmitter of hopping signals and flight parameters check unit, and ground complex with winch for variable-length cable to supply power to balloon carrier, receive flight parameters check signals from balloon complex and control winch. Data acquisition and processing center is made for receiving retransmitted hopping signals, selection and processing of code messages and presenting results of processing in form of vehicle marks moving on street-road chart, finding real-time location of vehicle and forming and transmitting coded messages containing identification signs of vehicle and its real-time location in the street to centralized security system stations to form orders to hazard express teams and to transmit by radio, or by wire communication channels, flight parameters control commands for balloon carrier and receive flight parameters control, signals from ground complex. Air observation complex includes video camera, video camera control unit, video image compression unit and video image transmitter made for transmitting compressed video images to data acquisition and processing center by radio from balloon carrier. Said data acquisition and processing center provides geometric and amplitude transformations of video images and registration of images with corresponding fragments of street-road chart and searching and identification of vehicle by received coded messages, verification of location of vehicle relative to elements of street-road network and correction of data transmitted to centralized security system station of form order to hazard express teams.

EFFECT: improved accuracy of location of high-jacked vehicle at violation of stable reception of signals of global satellite radio navigations system.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radioelectronic protection of vehicles from unauthorized use. According to proposed method secret PIN-code is fixed in memory of protection system processor. Coded control radio signal to active system is fed by pressing corresponding pushbuttons on radio trinket. Receiver coded radio signal is identified in system processor. After identification, control signal is generated to active sensors of protection system, interlock functional units of vehicle and connect alarm. Under protection mode, presence of signals from protection system sensors is monitored. If sensors send signals on unauthorized action onto vehicle, alarm is switched on. Coded control radio signal to disconnect the protection is sent by pressing on corresponding pushbuttons. Received coded radio signal is identified in protection system processor. After identification, control signal is generated to disconnect sensors of state of protection system, alarm signaling and interlocking of vehicle functional units, except for engine interlocks. Then secret PIN-code signal is sent into system processor which compares said PIN-code with that fixed in processor memory and, if they coincide, engine interlock is disconnected. Secret PIN-code signal is sent to protection system processor in form of coded radio signal from radio trinket by pressing special pushbutton or combination of pushbuttons designed for remote control of protection system. Changing and fixing new secret PIN-code in processor memory, when necessary, is done by Owner by sending coded radio signals from radio trinket by pressing special PIN-code pushbutton or combination of pushbuttons on radio trinket designed for remote control of protection system.

EFFECT: improved comfort in vehicle operation.

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of protection of vehicles from unauthorized use by interlocking vehicle engine thrust. Proposed system contains central control unit whose supply input is connected to interconnected HOOK-UP and WAIR-UP relay units and is connected through ignition switch to plus terminal of carry-on supply source. HOOK-UP and WAIR-UP units are connected to corresponding functional member of vehicle. Electronic identification mark and mark reader with antenna connected with central control unit are provided. Event protocol shaper, nonvolatile memory, even protocol reader, modulator and data transmission unit are introduced into system being series connected to each other. Event protocol shaper input is connected to additional output of central control unit. Event protocol reader is also connected with central control unit. Output of date transmission unit is connected with mark reader antenna.

EFFECT: provision of reliable protection of insurance company effecting insurance from falsification of events insured against, minimization of possible losses.

3 dwg

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