Extraction device and its seal
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises sealing unit (1) to house capsule (51) with stock for extraction. Said sealing unit (1) comprises first part and second part displacing relative to first one. It differs from known designs in that said first and second parts make the outlet (3) for discharge of extraction products from capsule (51). Sealing system for said device differs in that seal (61, 62) comprises at least one peripheral sealing edge abutting on capsule surface in line or strip to press capsule wall to capsule contents. Sealing edge extends inward towards extraction fluid inlet to make extraction fluid pressure press said sealing edge against said capsule.
EFFECT: perfected design.
14 cl, 15 dwg
The invention relates to the extraction devices for making beverages, or similar products contained in the capsule raw material for extraction, for example of ground coffee. The invention relates to a sealing system for such raw materials and the brewing unit.
Extraction device for preparing beverages, or similar products found in unit dose packaging of raw materials for extraction of known, such as coffee or espresso machine, and their popularity is constantly growing. In many such systems, unit dose packaging is made in the form of capsules, which are tightly Packed raw materials for extraction. To perform the extraction, as a rule, pierce two opposite sides of the capsule or inside the capsules separate container. On the one hand via the input device to carry out the flow of extraction fluid (hot water). On the other hand through the exhaust device of the capsule output product extraction. This occurs in the so-called tea block, which contains the brewing chamber, which is placed in the capsule. Especially popular are tea blocks, in which the capsule is inserted into the brewing chamber and lock it there, and then when you open the camera after completion of the welding process automatically the Bros capsules in the container for capsules. Such business units with automatic reset capsules are usually made in the form of horizontal business units, that is, the capsule is inserted from above, thus locking the brewing chamber is horizontal relative movement of the second part of the brewing chamber, the brewing liquid flows mainly horizontally, and a container for capsules is located under the brewing chamber. In addition, known systems with piston holder, in which the brewing chamber is located between the device for water inlet and the piston with the pivoting arm.
When brewed beverage extraction liquid usually comes in capsule under high pressure, for example 10-20 bar. It is important that the extraction fluid was flowing through the capsule to the second wall of the capsule, but not past the capsule due to high pressure. Therefore, the capsule must be sealed off from the inlet and outlet devices, and the possible combination of these seals.
Capsules of traditional coffee machines have the shape of a conical glass serving sideways cuff. In the first known version of the device specified cuff plays an important role in ensuring a proper seal. In the area of the cuff on the end surface based o-ring, and the sleeve also held the return of the ring element still the way that cuff is sandwiched between the seal and the mating element. According to the second known variant of the device, the seal is provided by a shrink fit in which the tapered outer surface of the glass round cross-section is pressed to the surface of the receiving branch of the brewing chamber, suitably, also conical shape of the surface. Cuff cups to hold and positioning of the capsules when inserting the capsule into the specified receiving section of the brewing chamber.
Both of these options have worked well. However, they are only suitable for capsules form described above in the form of a conical Cup with cuff. This form has the following disadvantages: requires relatively much space in storage and transportation and, in addition, the cuff can be depending on the material easily damaged by mechanical action.
The task of the claimed invention is to provide an extraction device with a sealing system that is not dependent on a specified form of glass with a peripheral cuff, suitable for various forms of capsules for different mechanisms of brewing chambers and provides a proper seal.
The solution to complete the task, it is disclosed in the formula of the claimed invention.
xtraction device of the type described is particularly suitable for brewing beverages and represents for example, the machine. The extraction device comprises a brewing unit for insertion into it of the capsule with the raw material for extraction. Tea block contains the first part of the brewing unit and the second part of the brewing unit is moveable relative to the specified first part of the brewing unit, and these first and second parts of the brewing unit form an outlet for the release of the product extraction from the capsules and the inlet feeder extraction liquid into the capsule, and the inlet device comprises at least one of these head. In addition, the extraction device also comprises a liquid pump for pumping the extraction fluid and, if necessary, a heater for heating the extraction fluid before it enters the capsule. As the extraction fluid in most cases water is used, and if the extraction device is a machine or a machine for tea, then the specified extraction liquid is also called "tea liquid".
Declare the extraction device is distinguished mainly by the presence of the sealing system, which contains progeterone seal covering the head connectors or connectors of the head of the inlet; the gasket, to the which covers the capsule, positioning and holding her; at least one peripheral sealing edge and/or one peripheral sealing roller, which(th) adjacent to the surface of the capsules on line or strip and presses the wall of the capsule to the internal contents of the capsule. Under the pressure of the walls of the capsule to the inner content of the capsules is understood that in place of the sealing edge or sealing roller there is no response of the support element and the wall of the capsule by sealing edge or sealing roller being pressed against the contents of the capsule.
Thus, the specified seal so installed in the extraction device, and first of all in the brewing unit extraction device that specifies the exact position of the capsule. In particular, unlike the devices of the prior art, in the inventive extraction device mounting slot formed by the element, do not possess the ability to elastically deform, which partially covers the capsule and adjacent to the peripheral wall surface of the capsule. In preferred embodiments of the invention, in particular, there are no adjoining walls of the capsules inelastic elements that are adjacent to the capsule between the inlet plate inlet (plate, from which are these goals and to which are pressed capsule at piercing) and seal.
This decision was based on the idea that when the pressure required for the brewing of a beverage such as espresso, you can use this peripheral seal sealing edge, which provides a good seal and does not require a piston or a tight fit.
Seal of the type described is located in the inlet device. This inlet seal is used to prevent the current supplied to the capsule brewing liquid for another path different from the path on which the brewing liquid is under pressure to penetrate into the capsule. It is preferable to apply the present invention in combination with fluid, in which, as described in patent document PCT/CH 2010/000098, tea liquid is introduced through the channel, which is contained in these head. On the contrary, in such systems connectors head is actually to pierce the capsule and tea liquid is introduced into the capsule close to the connectors, the crown, through these head hole, but to bypass these heads. In particular, the inlet for the tea liquid may be in the plane, which adjoins the wall of the capsule. Such systems have proven themselves as the most appropriate systems perforation, in the hour of the activity, to pierce environmentally friendly capsules with a plastic wall. However, in these systems the sealing system affects all the total pressure of the brewing liquid, unlike the case when the tea liquid flows through these head directly into the capsule, where part of the pressure extinguished raw material for extraction.
The inventive sealing system further comprises a side outlet seal of the above type containing at least one peripheral sealing edge and/or the peripheral sealing roller, and the specified edge or roller adjacent line or strip to the surface of the capsules and presses the wall of the capsule to the internal contents of the specified capsule. Preferably such exhaust gasket includes gasket that covers the capsule and sets its position. This final seal covers the outlet connectors of the head with the corresponding outlet holes, for example, located separately from these heads, and serves to supply emerging from the capsule fluid provided this tube and to prevent the flow of this fluid the other way past the capsule.
The inlet seal and, optionally, exhaust seal, attached, respectively, the inlet device and the discharge device, and when the movement of both parts of the brewing unit relative to each other (in particular, when the movement of the inlet relative to the outlet) these seals are moving together in these parts.
The inlet seal and, optionally, also the exhaust seal is elastic, in particular made of elastomer. The inlet seal was found that the most suitable are materials with parameters shore hardness of 40 to 90 on the scale And, in particular, with parameters shore hardness of 70 to 85 on a scale A. the Hardness of the outlet seal may be the same as the hardness of the inlet seal, or may be less. In particular, the shore hardness of the outlet seal may be from 55 to 80 on a scale of A.
Often it is preferable that the seal had such a structure that at least one sealing lip and/or one sealing cushion covers capsule on the peripheral surface and due to its elasticity pressed against the wall of the capsule so that it keeps the specified capsule through the specified propping up tight sealing edge (sealing lip) and/or the sealing roller (sealing rollers).
Also, depending on the situation the most preferred (especially for the intake seals, but in some embodiments of the claimed invention and the exhaust seal) design, contains the group peripheral sealing lip and/or sealing rollers so that the design is provided by at least two sealing edge or at least one sealing lip and one sealing roller or at least two of the sealing roller. In this case, the specified sealing (sealing edge) or the specified sealing roller (sealing rollers) due to its elasticity presses (press) the wall of the capsule to the contents of the capsule, and between adjacent sealing edges or sealing platens is provided by the recess such that during operation of the device between adjacent sealing edges or sealing rollers and the capsule is formed of the peripheral cavity.
If the capsule has the shape of a circular cylinder or cone, the specified peripheral surface formed by the outer lateral surface, and if the capsule has the shape of a cube or parallelepiped - four peripheral edges (which in many embodiments of the invention different from the faces/faces, through which the supply of brewing liquid and the release of brewed beverage from the capsule). The sealing edge or sealing roller may be up against the wall of the capsule also in those places where the wall of the capsule has AC the config angle to the axis of the capsule and to the axis of the brewing chamber, for example at the transition between the end of the capsule and a peripheral surface.
In addition to the ideal coverage capsules on the peripheral surface of the inlet seal and/or exhaust seal particularly preferably, at least one of the peripheral sealing edge or one of the sealing roller is pressed to the end face of the capsule and at least one peripheral sealing lip or one of the sealing roller is pressed to the peripheral surface.
Tea Luggage declare extraction device may be of various shapes, but the preferred form of a circular cylinder or a cube (as described, for example, in PCT/CH 2010/000097). It is also valid to use conical, in the form of a glass capsule with rim or without rim, one of the ends (one of the peelable surface) which is bent inside or not.
In one embodiment of the invention, the specified edge or at least one of these edges can be inside the place intake or release of fluid, in particular if it is adjacent to the capsule in the region of its end face. Then, in addition to the effect of elasticity of the edges, the fluid pressure additionally presses the sealing edge to the capsule, for example, in the area of the end face.
In combination with the sealing lip, which is ohvatyvatila on the periphery, for conformance to the specified end face may be provided protruding to the inside of the sealing edge of the cuff that extends inward from the proximal region of the specified cuffs.
This sealing lip, in particular, the protruding inward in the region of the end face, preferably has a cross-section in the shape of a wing or blade.
A variant of the invention in which the seal includes protruding inward of the sealing edge in the area of the end face and the band of sealing edges or sealing rollers with cavities between them in the area of the peripheral surface and/or in the transition region between the end face and a peripheral surface, is particularly preferable for the inlet seal and/or for the final seal. Thus is provided a multi-stage seal, which has the advantage especially when applied on the inlet side of the fluid, because on this side the greatest pressure, and to provide to this place the proper seal is especially difficult. While serving inside the sealing edge is the first step, which is where there is a lot of pressure, which is due to the structure of the sealing edge enhances the sealing effect. Located in the region of the peripheral surface or in the transition region of the sealing edges/ridges are dalnas the mi levels, together with located between the cavities prevent leakage of residual amounts of fluid that passed the first stage when the pressure buildup or perhaps afterwards. In addition, these seals provide a gradual decrease in pressure when the first stage does not withstand the full pressure differential between the fluid pressure and the surrounding pressure.
In particular, the inlet seal is preferably made so that it is only due to its elasticity, without additional clamping force holds the capsule covering it, so that the force that must be applied to the capsule to extract it from cover seal, exceeds the net weight of the capsule, preferably even when the capsule is completely filled with fluid.
The inlet seal the preferred cross-sectional shape of the sealing edges of the coverage area of the capsule sealing lip is a sawtooth shape. This sawtooth shape combines the effect of serving inside edge, the sealing effect which is enhanced by the fact that the pressure produced stronger presses such edge to the capsule, with the clamping effect, as it has a high rigidity in comparison with the protruding inward sealing lip in the form of blades. T is Kaya increased stiffness provides reliable covering the retention of the capsule.
At the end of the brewing process the brewing chamber is opened by relative movement of the inlet and outlet devices, and the capsule is discharged, for example, intended for capsules container. In the inventive extraction device made in accordance with a preferred variant of the invention, the seal covering the capsule (in particular, the inlet seal), when opening the brewing chamber holds the capsule and releases the capsule of the opposite (in particular, exhaust) these heads, and possibly covering seal located on the respective other side (in particular, the exhaust side). Additionally, the extraction device comprises removing the tool, after which part of the relative movement keeps the capsule relatively moving parts (in particular, the intake device), resulting capsule is released from covering the seal and falls, for example, down. Specified relieving means may, for example, contain ribs protruding from the side inside the brewing chamber, which during the relative movement move inward or which due to the roller, taper or other deviations from a purely cylindrical shape of the capsule is attached to the capsule only after part of otnositelnogo movement.
The inventive system for brewing coffee or tea, in addition to the inventive extraction device, described in detail in the proposal and on the drawings, also includes portions capsule inside which is a raw material for extraction. In particular, the portion capsule is a capsule with a plastic wall, directly surrounding the raw material for extraction, i.e. without intermediate stabilizing parts or parts that act as a filter. Thus, the capsule consists of the walls of the capsules and raw materials for extraction. The most preferred material for making the walls of the capsules is polypropylene (PP). Allowed the use of other materials, particularly other food plastics. Wall thickness, in particular, polypropylene capsule is preferably from 0.1 mm to 0.5 mm, for example from 0.2 mm to 0.4 mm, most preferably from 0.25 mm to 0.35 mm After filling the casing of the capsule raw material for the extraction of a capsule covered with a lid, in particular in such a method, in which the protruding edge of the casing of the capsule and the cap is shared simultaneously with welding. Due to this capsule contains the peripheral ledge of the weld. The specified seal or one of the seals may coincide with the specified projection and, for example, contain sealing edge adjacent to capsule the both sides of the specified protrusion of the weld.
Below is a description of the variants of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, where identical or similar elements are denoted by the same numbers of positions. In the drawings shows the elements that are partially related to each other, the dimensions of which are in different shapes.
In Fig.1 shows a longitudinal section of the brewing unit.
In Fig.2 shows the capsule essentially cube-shaped.
In Fig.3 shows a diagram of the machine.
In Fig.4 shows an alternative brewing unit, and design brewing unit is shown only in part.
In Fig.5 shown in the cross section of the exhaust device business unit of Fig.4 with the capsule.
In Fig.6 shows a first variant of the seal, in particular for the exhaust device.
In Fig.7 shows a second variant of the seal is also designed, in particular, for the discharge device.
In Fig.8 shown in the cross section of the seal of Fig.7.
In Fig.9 shows another variant of the seal that is designed, in particular, to the inlet of the device.
In Fig.10 shown in the cross section of the seal of Fig.9.
In Fig.11 and 12 shown in the cross section, other types of seals that are designed for cubic, and, for example, cylindrical or conical capsules.
In Fig.13-15 shows a longitudinal section of the brewing unit with Fig.1 in various States./p>
In Fig.1 shows the brewing unit 1 related to the type of "horizontal business unit". This tea unit, as is known, contains the discharge device 3 and the input device 4, is fixed or based on its design, which is configured to shift relative to each other by means of the control lever 5, pivoted around hinge finger 6. In the depicted version of the invention the input device 4 is made to move forward in the direction of the exhaust device 3 by turning the control lever 5, while the discharge device 3 is stationary relative to the structure.
In Fig.1 and Fig.3 it is well visible the inlet 7 to insert cubic capsules. An example of such capsules 51 in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped, essentially cubic shape shown in Fig.2. Capsule 51 is a capsule of this type, which is described in detail in patent application PCT/CH 2010/000097. Reference is given in patent application PCT/CH 2010/000097 in relation to the properties of the capsules with a plastic wall and the method of its manufacture - the capsule is preferably closed so that the Department of protruding edges, and welding is carried out simultaneously. In Fig.2, in addition to the characteristic shape of the capsule shown peripheral ledge 51.1 weld you anaut the above method and which can be used to make the capsule more rigidity.
Relevant to the claimed invention, variants of the extraction device primarily intended for capsules made of plastic. In particular, the preferred material for the manufacture of capsules is polypropylene (PP). Also it is possible to use other materials, primarily other food plastics. The wall thickness of the plastic capsule, in particular, made of polypropylene, is preferably from 0.1 mm to 0.5 mm, for example from 0.2 mm to 0.4 mm, in particular from 0.25 mm to 0.35 mm
Provided for in the design of the inlet opening 7 is located in the area of the discharge device 3 and as specified structure remains stationary during the movement of the control lever 5. The inlet 7 may have a slight conical narrowing down to the center of the capsule 51 and prevent jamming when loading.
During operation of the device the specified business unit is brewing unit of the machine. In accordance with the claimed invention, the coffee machine with a brewing unit includes, as schematically shown in Fig.3, in addition to the brewing unit capacity 71 water pump 72 for feeding brewing water into the inlet device 4 and vodonagrevatel device 73 (e.g., water heater). Under the brewing unit is the container 75 for capsules, in which the cap is uly 51 fall or move after brewing.
Circulating heated water in the intake device 4 via a flexible water supply tubes (hoses) and through the inlet channels 18. In addition, the inlet device comprises at least one of these head 12 with the corresponding inlet hole, which provides the possibility of perforation of the capsule and the filing of the extraction fluid through the specified inlet. In addition, the machine contains located, for example, under the brewing chamber container 75 for capsules, which capsules are automatically reset after brewing by lifting the control lever 5.
The exhaust device 3 also includes at least one head connectors 11 and one corresponding outlet. In addition, depending on the configuration provided by the discharge tube, through which the coffee (or similar coffee) is output from the output 8 of the discharge device so that the stream flows into the Cup 78, delivered at the specified location.
These heads 11 of the exhaust device 3 is surrounded by an outlet seal 61, and these heads inlet 4 inlet surrounded by the seal 62. These seals are described in more detail below. The drawings also shows relieving means 15, the function of which is also described below.
These connectors are head cell battery (included) and what you to which they are attached, can be performed in accordance with the aforementioned patent application PCT/CH 2010/000098, the contents of which in its entirety is incorporated into the present application by reference.
Essentially cubic capsule 51, which is inserted into the inlet 7, when the brewing chamber is open (Fig.1), supported in the brewing unit supporting member 16 of the exhaust device 3 and the mobile support 19 of the capsule.
In Fig.4 shows a variant of the brewing unit, which essentially cubic capsule 51 is inserted into the open the brewing chamber is retained by the support 20 of the brewing chamber. When the brewing chamber is formed by the specified support in combination with the side walls 14, the end surface of the exhaust devices containing these heads 11, and the elements of the inlet 4. The brewing unit is shown in Fig.4, except for the sealing system, corresponds to the description of the brewing unit in the patent application PCT/CH 2010/000099, which is included in its entirety in this application by reference.
In Fig.5 shows the discharge device business unit of Fig.5, where the capsule 51 is depicted schematically and in section, and you can clearly see the seal 61, also shown in Fig.6. The specified seal contains protruding inside the peripheral sealing edge 61.1, which is pressed against the end face of the capsule 5. As an additional stage seal to the peripheral surface of the capsule is pressed sealing roller 61.2. In this embodiment of the invention, in the area of the sealing roller 61.2 seal is additionally provided with an external groove 61.3, which increases the elasticity of the seal in the area of the sealing roller 61.2. Between the sealing edge and the sealing roller, i.e. in the area of the rounded edges of the capsule made a pronounced deepening 61.4 that even under strong pressure capsule to the exhaust device forms a cavity between the sealing edge 61.1, the sealing roller and 61.2 capsule 51. The sealing flange 61.5 used for fastening in the brewing unit.
Another option seal 61 to the exhaust device shown in Fig.7 and Fig.8. The specified compaction corresponds to the sealing of the exhaust device 3 brewing unit, made in accordance with Fig.1. The same as the above option, the seal 61 contains the gasket 61.7 that covers the capsule 51. In addition to the (first) sealing edge 61.1, which covers proximally on the cuff 61.7, is inside and pressed against the end side of the capsule 51, the seal 61 also contains two sealing lips 61.8, which is pressed against the capsule in the region of its edges. In particular, uplotnitel the e edge 61.8 can be placed on both sides which add rigidity to the ledge 51.1 welding seam, what makes them particularly good stability and integrity.
In Fig.9 and Fig.10 shows the inlet seal 62 brewing unit, made in accordance with Fig.1. In addition to serving inside the first sealing edge 62.1, pressed against the end side of the capsule, the sealing cuff 62.7 provided by the second group, covering the sealing lip 62.9. In this embodiment of the invention there are four such second sealing lip 62.9. In other embodiments of the invention, there are two, three, five or even more of these (or other) sealing edges. The preferred number of these sealing edges is 2-5, in particular 3-5. As the final seal 61, the inlet seal 62 in this embodiment of the invention includes a mounting flange 62.5.
The second sealing edge in contrast to the first sealing lip and 61.1 additional sealing lip 61.8 exhaust seal 61 have relatively high rigidity due to its geometric form, with the result that they act on covered capsule relatively high restoring force, without application of force from outside, and thereby hold the capsule. In the described embodiment of the invention, the second sealing edge have a sawtooth shape with a back 62.10 sealing edge, serving Stalino (i.e. in the direction opposite the inlet of the brewing liquid). Another advantage of this form is that the pressure of the brewing liquid from the proximal side to essentially perpendicular to the surface 62.11 even stronger presses these sealing edge to the wall of the capsule. Unlike projecting inward of the sealing edges, the cross-sectional shape which resembles the wing, as in the case of the first sealing lip 62.1, sawtooth form provides, as mentioned above, the appropriate stiffness.
In Fig.11 and Fig.12, respectively, showing the outlet 61 and the inlet 62 of the seal, which can be used not for cubic, and, for example, for capsules in the form of a circular cylinder, barrel or glass. On these figures, unlike Fig.9 and Fig.10, clearly indicates the symmetry of the capsule relative to its axis.
In the invention, when the opening of the brewing chamber inlet seal 62 holds the capsule and pulls her out of the outlet connectors of the head and exhaust cover seal 61 so that the used capsule falls into the container for capsules. This is illustrated in Fig.13-15.
In Fig.1 shows the brewing unit in the initial position without the inserted capsule. In Fig.13 capsule 51 is inserted through the inlet 7 and is supported on the movable support 19 of the capsule and on the op the RNA element 16 of the exhaust device 3. After that, through movement of the control lever 5 inlet device 4 moves to the capsule 51 and the exhaust device 3, causing the capsule is put on the inlet seal 62, the capsule is pressed to the exhaust device, and pierced with the intake side and exhaust side. As soon as the inlet seal covered the capsule and thus holds it in a predetermined position specified bearing capsules can also be pushed from the capsules in relative motion, closing the brewing chamber. Then, after closing the brewing chamber, there is a brewing process, during which the brewing liquid under pressure is fed into the capsule and brewed beverage appears/arises from the capsule from the exhaust side.
In Fig.14 shows the brewing unit with capsule 51 at the beginning of the relative motion of the inlet and outlet devices, opening the brewing chamber, which again happens when turning the control lever. The inlet seal 62 holds the capsule and pulls her out of the outlet connectors of the heads 11 and out of the outlet seal 61. With continued movement of the position corresponding to Fig.14, to the right toward the position corresponding to Fig.15, the capsule captures removing means 15, and the movement of the capsule relative to the moving later in osnago device is blocked so the capsule is released from the inlet seal 62. Since the bearing 19 of the capsule has moved from its original position, the capsule may fall down into the container 75 for capsules. In Fig.15 shows the situation with an open tea Luggage before bearing 19 of the capsule will again be moved back into its original position.
In the drawings shown embodiments of the brewing unit according to the type of "horizontal business unit". However, there are other possible ways of its implementation. In particular, a valid execution of the extraction devices by type "piston device in which the discharge device or perhaps inlet device is built into the piston, which is made with the possibility of fixing on the fixed part of the extraction device for forming the brewing chamber.
1. The extraction device, such as a coffee machine with a brewing unit (1), to insert it capsules (51), with the wall of the capsule and raw materials for extraction inside the capsule, in which the brewing unit (1) contains the first part of the brewing unit and the second part of the brewing unit is moveable relative to the specified first part of the brewing unit, and these first and second parts of the brewing unit form a discharge device (3) for release from the capsules product extraction, imposee device (4) for filing an extraction liquid into the capsule, moreover, the inlet device comprises at least one of these head (12) to pierce the capsule, characterized in that the suction device (4) contains progeterone inlet seal (62) covering the head connectors or connectors head (12) of the inlet, and containing the gasket (62.7), which covers the capsule, positioning and holding the specified capsule; and at least one peripheral sealing edge (62.1, 62.9), and the specified at least one sealing lip adjacent to the surface of the capsules on line or strip and presses the wall of the capsule to the internal contents of the capsules, and in which the specified at least one sealing lip protrudes inwards in the direction of the location of the inlet of the extraction liquid, causing the liquid pressure of the extraction fluid presses the specified at least one sealing edge, in addition to the capsule.
2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the discharge device (3) contains discharge seal (61) at least one peripheral sealing lip (61.1, 61.8) and/or peripheral sealing roller (61.2), and the specified sealing lip or the specified sealing platen adjacent to the surface of the capsules on line or strip and presses the wall of the capsule to the internal contents of the capsule.
3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the at least one sealing lip (61.8, 62.9) covers the capsule (51) on the peripheral surface and due to its elasticity so pressed against the wall of the capsule that the seal holds the specified capsule.
4. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the inlet seal (62) contains a group peripheral sealing lip (61.8, 62,9) and/or the sealing rollers, which due to its elasticity hug the wall of the capsule to the internal contents of the capsules, and in any case between adjacent sealing edges or sealing rollers is deepening that when operating between adjacent sealing edges or sealing rollers and the capsule is formed of the peripheral cavity.
5. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the at least one peripheral sealing lip (61.1, 62.1) or sealing roller is pressed to the end face of the capsule and at least one peripheral sealing lip or one of the sealing rollers (61.2, 61.8, 62.9) is pressed to the peripheral surface.
6. The device under item 5, characterized in that the group peripheral sealing edges or sealing rollers (61.2, 61.8, 62.9) is pressed against the peripheral surface is STI, but in each case between adjacent sealing edges or sealing rollers is deepening that when operating between adjacent sealing edges or sealing rollers and the capsule is formed of the peripheral cavity.
7. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the said adjacent sealing lips have a sawtooth cross-sectional shape.
8. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the suction device (4) contains at least one opening for the inlet of fluid, which is spatially separated from these heads or these heads (12).
9. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the inlet seal covers the capsule and holds it only due to the elasticity of the specified seal so that upon opening of the brewing chamber releases the capsule out of the outlet connectors are heads (11) due to the restraint effect of the specified seal (62).
10. The device according to p. 9, characterized in that to release the capsule from the inlet seal (62) is provided for removing the tool (15).
11. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that business unit is a business unit of horizontal type.
12. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the decree is Noah inlet seal (62) or at least one of these seals (61, 62) contains protruding outward mounting flange (61.5, 62.5).
13. System for brewing coffee or tea, containing the extraction device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3 and the portion capsule (51) with the raw material for extraction, and tea block form a brewing chamber, the dimensions of which correspond to the portion capsule.
14. Seal (62) for the extraction device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, containing at least one peripheral sealing edge (62.1, 62.9), and in which at least one sealing lip adjacent line or strip to the surface of the capsule (51) with the raw material for extraction, placed inside the capsule, and presses the wall of the capsule to the internal contents of the capsules, and in which the specified at least one sealing lip protrudes inwards in the direction of the location of the inlet of the extraction liquid, causing the liquid pressure of the extraction fluid presses the specified at least one sealing edge, in addition to the capsule.
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: system for beverage preparation with usage of a product being extracted contains a replaceable capsule, a device containing a receptacle socket for the replaceable capsule retaining and a device for fluid medium output into the capsule under pressure. The capsule contains a rigid peripheral wall, a bottom, covering the peripheral wall at the first end, and a covering element covering the peripheral wall at the second end. The wall, the bottom and the covering element limit the inner space containing the product being extracted. The bottom contains an input zone. The device for the fluid medium output is designed so that to communicate (via the fluid medium) with the input zone for the fluid medium supplying into the beverage preparation product being extracted. The covering element contains an output zone. The system contains an output that, during usage, communicates with the output zone via the fluid medium. The receptacle socket is designed so that to enable the beverage output from the replaceable capsule through the output zone containing a filter layer represented by a layer of a non-woven and/or woven fibrous material and containing at least one first area where the non-woven and/or woven fibrous material is sealed for prevention of liquid output through the said area and multiple second areas where the non-woven and/or woven fibrous material is not sealed for ensuring the liquid output through the said area.
EFFECT: beverage quality enhancement.
23 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to improved beverage preparation devices, in particular, to a beverage preparation device of the type where pre-packaged beverage ingredient capsules are used. The capsules may be designed so that to provide for air capture with a view of desirable foam formation. Air inlet holes are made in the inlet fitting to enable air passage into the beverage preparation device, thus to be captured. The air inlet holes pass mainly through the sides of the fitting while in a lifted position within the fitting expanded section.
EFFECT: invention reduces beverage flow into and through air inlet holes thus promoting cleanness.
14 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed is a capsule for preparation of beverage from the beverage food ingredients contained therein; the capsule includes a body (2) containing at least one section to be filled with the said ingredients and a flange-shaped collar (4)(projecting outside and crosswise relative to the central axis (I) of the said body), a membrane (6) for closure of the aperture on the flange-shaped collar tat is to be sealed; an optical code (7) containing binary format information to be read by the beverage preparation device (20) photographic camera; the optical code (7) represents a 2D code having rectangular boundaries (7a-7d) and applied within the round zone (8) positioned concentrically round the centre (O) of the membrane having radius (R) which is smaller than the membrane radius (R0).
EFFECT: proposed is a beverage preparation capsule.
14 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention related to improvements in beverage preparation devices. The brewing module for beverage preparation contains a movable element (9) with a socket (15) for ingredients for preparation of the above beverages, forming a brewing chamber and designed so that to enable movement from the ingredient charging position into the brewing position; while in the said brewing position, the said socket (15) is positioned between the hot water supply device (41) and the beverage output tip (35) that are mutually opposed; the said supply device (41) contains an actuator element (43, 47) of cylinder piston type whereto the first tube (48) supplying water under pressure is connected that controls the locking movement of the supply device towards the said socket (15) into the brewing position; the said cylinder piston actuator element includes an external cylinder (43) and a piston (47) skidding in the said external cylinder (43); the piston (47) of the said cylinder piston actuator element is connected to the pipeline (57) supplying water under pressure and includes a hot water supply chamber (55) with at least one hole (53B) for hot water supply onto the brewing chamber closing surface (53A) positioned on the first side of the said piston (47); the piston (47) contains a body (47C) and forms a pressure surface (47A) exposed to water supplied into the cylinder (43) of the cylinder piston actuator element; the said pressure surface (47A) is positioned on the second side of the said piston that is opposed to the above first side; mounted on the piston 47) is a valve (61) for closing the hole (53B) serving for supply of hot water onto the brewing chamber closing surface (53A); the valve is opened under the action of hot water in the hot water supply chamber (55) thus establishing fluid medium communication between the hot water supply chamber (55) and the hot water supply hole (53B).
EFFECT: improvement of beverage preparation brewing module.
11 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: one or more operation units (10) are provided; each of them contains a boiler, a pump, a heating element, an assembly (26) for flavouring substances extraction and espresso coffee beverage dosing including connected pipes. Each unit (10) is equipped with a system for control and adjustment of espresso coffee brewing parameters, in particular, water pressure.
EFFECT: method and coffee machine improvement.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for beverage preparation in the beverage preparation machine with usage of a capsule containing a shell wherein tea leaves are placed. The method involves the following stages: a) water supply into the capsule for pouring tea leaves in the capsule shell, b) tea leaves wetting, c) water supply into the capsule till obtainment of the required volume of beverage supplied; water is continuously supplied into the capsule from the beginning of stage a) up to the end of stage b).
EFFECT: method improvement.
9 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention group relates to extraction apparatus for preparation of beverages from extractible material contained in a capsule. The device for product retrieval from a capsule with extractible material or extract has the capsule adjoining surface and at least one perforating element projecting from the adjoining surface, such perforating element containing a perforating prick and/or perforating edge for perforating the capsule. According to the invention, the adjoining surface is at least partially determined by the flat sieve holder containing at least one throughput hole and the sieve installed on the sieve holder with adjoining across the whole surface and covering the throughput hole which ensures the possibility to retrieve the extraction product outgoing from the capsule through the said sieve, with the said extraction product outgaining from the capsule through the hole made by the said at least one perforating element.
EFFECT: invention enables improvement of the apparatus throughput capacities and simplify the design.
15 cl, 24 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for preparation of beverages from food ingredients supplied in a capsule into the device. The device (50) for preparation of a beverage from a food product in the capsule (24) by way of liquid supplying into the capsule (24) inserted into the device (50) includes a dispensing head (20) containing the first and the second closing elements (10a, 10b) limiting the cavity (25) for the capsule (24) placement and a closing mechanism (1) for actuation of at least one (10a) of the closing elements (10a, 10b) for ensuring their relative movement between the cavity (25) opened and closed positions with the capsule placed therein; the closing mechanism (1) contains blocking elements (13), a lever (21) and means (11) for force attenuation for the lever (21) motion conversion into relative movement of the closing elements (10a, 10b); the blocking elements (13) are represented by a pin-and-leverage mechanism connected to at least one of the closing elements (10a, 10b); the force attenuation means (11) are designed so that to enable change of transfer ratio in the closing mechanism (1) between the lever (21) and at least one (10a) of the closing elements (10a, 10b); the force attenuation means (11) contains a rocker mechanism (11a, E) including a groove (11a) connecting the lever (21) and a shoulder of (11b) the lever of the pin-and-leverage mechanism (13).
EFFECT: development of a device ensuring closing in a simpler way as well as allowing to reduce the lever angular way to perform opening/closing in a simpler way and with the help of as few manipulations as possible.
12 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a method and system for preparation of the specified quantity of beverage such as coffee using an extractable product contained inside a replaceable capsule as well as to a receptacle for such capsule retention for usage in the device for preparation of the specified quantity of beverage from the extractable product. According to the beverage preparation method, a replaceable capsule B (20) is created that contains the peripheral first wall (21), the second wall (22) and the third wall (23) that together confine the inner space (19) containing the extractable product. The second wall of the capsule is pierced with at least one blade (8). Through the pierced wall, a certain quantity of fluid medium is supplied under pressure into the capsule inner space The prepared beverage is released through the third wall of the capsule. The length of the said at least one blade is selected so that during fluid medium supply the shortest possible axial distance (D2) between the third wall and the said at least one blade accounts for less than 80% of the total axial length (L2) of the capsule.
EFFECT: design improvement.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: machine (1) is intended for the specified geographical market and for preparation of beverage through blending the first ingredient and the second ingredient. The machine includes the first container (10) and the second container (5), each of them intended for storage of one of the said ingredients or a package (1') containing such ingredient. The machine is designed so that the user can choose their quantity ratio of the first ingredient to the second ingredient anytime during the beverage preparation. The first and the second containers have the corresponding first and second regular volumes for storage of the corresponding ingredients and/or packages. The first and the second regular storage volumes of the containers have volume ratio equal to that of the corresponding regular volumes required for storage of the first and the second ingredients and/or packages containing them, the ingredients used for preparation of such beverage for the specified geographical market with estimated average quantity ratio.
EFFECT: design improvement.
18 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: feeding head for a machine for making drinks comprises a movable first part and a fixed second part. The first part is made with the possibility of displacement relative to the second part between the open position and the closed position. In the open position the first part is arranged with the possibility to load a capsule into the feeding head. In the closed position the first part and the second part are arranged with the possibility to retain the specified capsule in the distribution position. The feeding head additionally comprises an inlet punch and an outlet punch, which are aligned in the same direction and are made with the possibility of rotation relative to the fixed second part between the pulled-in position and punching position.
EFFECT: reduced dimensions of the punching mechanism.
44 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method of producing capsule 1 containing drink ingredients to be forced into drink making device wherein fluid is forced into capsule to interact with ingredients and force prepared drink outward. Capsule comprises case 4 with sealing component 8 attached thereto. Proposed comprises step whereat at least one sealing material is injected onto the surface of said case 4 to produce sealing component 8 by injection moulding. Said component is tightly attached to case 4. Case inner space is filled with food ingredients and tightly closed by membrane 5.
EFFECT: better tightness, ease of use.
41 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brewing device to prepare beverages or other food products from capsules, in particular, from disposable capsules. The brewing device comprises a brewing chamber with the first part and the second part capable of displacement relative to each other, besides, there is a seat for capsules in one of the parts. In this seat there is at least one perforator for capsule perforation. The first channel supplies a brewing fluid medium into the chamber, and the second channel provides for food product release from the brewing chamber. In the seat there is an alignment element for capsules, which may elastically move in axial direction and is equipped with a guiding and aligning surface for capsules facing the second of the brewing chamber parts. Besides, the aligning element is elastically loaded so that it partially protrudes from the seat while the brewing chamber is open, and may move inside the seat as the brewing chamber closes, besides, when the brewing chamber is closed with a capsule arranged inside, the aligning element is fully inserted inside the seat.
EFFECT: development of a new brewing device with a brewing chamber formed by two parts that may move relative to each other and a system that makes it possible to improve coaxiality of a capsule relative to a perforator or perforators and makes it possible to easier remove the capsule after brewing.
47 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household appliances. The machine for making coffee comprises a brewing group with the main body formed by the casing, limiting the space for the reverse movement of the brewing cylinder between the position of engagement with the packing piston for formation of the brewing chamber, and the position of decoupling with the packing piston to load a portion of ground coffee. And the brewing cylinder is rigidly supported by the rotating arm. It also comprises a tool of removable mutual coupling between the brewing cylinder and the arm, secured to take the said brewing cylinder out of the window of the body. And on the outer side of the said body there is additionally a means of moving the arm.
EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the device design concept and make it more compact and reliable.
15 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of domestic equipment. A device to prepare a drink from a food product contained in a capsule (24), by injection of a fluid supplied by a pump (70) into the capsule (24), comprises a head (20) of extraction, having a hole (22) to insert a holder (30) of the capsule and to supply the capsule (24) into a receiving chamber (25) of the capsule holder, a mechanism (21) to close the above capsule (24) in the receiving chamber of the capsule holder. Further it comprises one injecting element to supply a fluid from a pump (70), inside the capsule (24), a unit (80) to control at least a pump (70), and also decoding facilities joined with the unit (80) of control and designed to read data from the holder (30) of the capsule or insert.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of data transfer and to increase quality of a prepared drink.
22 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the system 10, and also to the method of making beverages with an infusion method of the product contained in the package 1, and can be used in coffee machines of the ESPRESSO type. The system 10 comprises an infusion chamber 7, a locking device 60 including upper locking means 61 which are designed for selective prevention or providing access to the chamber 7 in its upper part, and the lower locking means 62 which are designed for selective receiving by the chamber 7 of the package 1 or providing the package 1 outlet from the chamber 7 under the action of gravity force. The position of the upper locking means 61 determines the position of the lower locking means 62 and vice versa.
EFFECT: increased reliability and simplification of the structure due to reducing the number of moving parts.
17 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: cooking assembly contains an instillation station carrying out a rotary movement with a piston inserted into the station so that to enable sliding. A counter-piston interacts with the installation station and the piston so that to form the cooking chamber. Additionally provided for are cam elements for control of the installation station, piston and counter-piston motions. The installation station, piston and counter-piston may occupy relative to each other at least one position for loading the product for beverage preparation purposes, at least two various boiling positions (the two various volumes of the boiling chamber correspond to) and the position for used product discharge.
EFFECT: invention enables to enhance the design strength and reliability.
20 cl, 61 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvements of brewing units for making beverages which use capsules, boxes, or other pre-packaged single portion packages, in particular for making coffee. The brewing unit comprises in combination: a support, a drawer which is, at least, a slot for single portion package, sliding relative to the said support and movable between the position of loading of the single portion package and the brewing position and the outputted element to supply water under pressure to the said single portion package. The brewing unit also comprises a lever to control the movement of the said drawer and mechanical connection between the said lever and the said outputted element. The lever action causes movement of the drawer from the loading position to the brewing position and presses the outputted element to the single portion package. The brewing unit is provided with a locking member blocking the single portion package in the brewing position, preventing it from movement in the direction of loading position when the said drawer is moved from the brewing position in the loading position. The said slot is partially restricted with a pair of swinging arms that move relative to the said drawer to enable disposal of the used single portion package from the said slot during movement of the drawer from the brewing position to the loading position.
EFFECT: automation of all operations performed by the operator after launch is provided.
28 cl, 21 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The machine for preparing beverages with a brewing unit for preparing beverages for accommodation of the disposable capsule comprises a node of the capsule retention, designed for retention the capsule in the given position during insertion of the capsule under gravity in the brewing unit, and a water injection node for at least a partial closing the capsule and the water supply to the capsule. The part retaining the capsule forms the front part of the unit and is attached to the node of liquid injection with the ability to move along essentially a horizontal trajectory, while the water injection node is a rear fixed part of the unit. The machine for preparing beverage comprises a housing. One of these nodes of the brewing unit can be movable or slide telescopically out of this housing for insertion/removal of the capsule with the ingredient and to be placed in the housing to bring the brewing node in the position of the capsule extraction.
EFFECT: group of inventions enables to provide a proper seal to create the necessary conditions for extraction.
15 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preparation of beverages. The plant for preparation of beverages implementing the claimed method is designed to complete the process of preparation of beverage by passing the flowing medium through at least one element comprising at least one ingredient of the beverage. And at least one element is designed for entering it and processing of different types of elements comprising the beverage ingredient, such as a pad, a cup, a capsule and a cartridge. The device additionally comprises a control means, a detection means for measuring at least one characteristic of the flow when the flowing medium flow is created, the memory tool for storing the group of the predetermined flow characteristics connected to different types of elements that contain a flow ingredient, and an injection device for injecting fluid. And the predetermined flow characteristics which are stored in the memory tool are characteristics of the operating point.
EFFECT: group of inventions enables to detect automatically an element comprising the beverage ingredient by creating the flowing medium flow through the element.