Oil production data support and control method in real time and automated system for its implementation

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to control of oil production. The invention suggests oil production data support and control method in real time and automated system for its implementation, which contains n actuating mechanisms, n data processing and converting devices corresponding to each actuating mechanism, self-contained control unit, data visualisation unit, mobile communication unit and self-contained data acquisition and storage unit.

EFFECT: development of reliable oil production data support and control method in real time and automated system for its implementation, which ensures continuous monitoring with receipt of true information in real time at any set instant of time with potential timely detection of deviations from the preset operation modes of any actuating mechanism out of n actuating mechanisms coupled to the claimed automated system as well as potential selection of optimal operating modes for actuating mechanisms both at the site of their location and location of data processing and converting devices as well as at any geographic point where mobile communications are ensured for devices, which may be coupled according to the claimed invention as mobile communication units, data visualisation units, and potential control of actuating mechanisms operation.

3 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of oil and can be used to analyze the operation of equipment and control oil production in real time.

Known invention "Automated information system for the continuous measurement and analysis of real-time efficiency of the pumps in a pump-pipeline complex pipeline" (patent RU 2320007 C2 20.03.2008,), which can be used to analyze the operation of the equipment pipeline in real-time. The technical result of the invention is the measurement and analysis of real-time current efficiency of each pumping unit, which ensures the timely detection of possible deviations from the predetermined mode of operation of pumping units and eliminates their inefficient operation and possible accidental disconnection. Information from active energy meter, currently running, the pump unit together with the outputs from the pressure sensors at the inlet and at the outlet of the pump filed under the remote control system to the control station of the system of the pipeline in the computer database for the actual work and expenditure characteristics of pumping units, which calculates for each of Nason is the aggregate active power, acting on the shaft of the pump, pressure pump, expense ratio, volumetric flow rate, the average value of parses per diem received data to identify a continuous steady-state operation of the pumping unit consumption for at least four hours with the fluctuation of the flow rate within three percent of the mean value and calculates the average of the base and the current value of the efficiency of the pumps, the received current data received for storage in the computer memory, which is the Central control point, which are continuous analysis of the status of a pump and pipeline complex, what build of graphics values of the flow and efficiency of the current mode of operation of pumping units for all pumping stations for a controlled period of time, compare the data with previous values in computer memory, for each unit, and related pumping stations, and if these values at any pump unit is running in normal mode is lower than the base value, then the decision about switching operating the pumping unit to another for further inspection and repair.

It is also known solution for RF patent for useful model №65175. This decision declared the system of remote control and administration the governance process includes remote control, channel, and flow instrumentation for measurement of current technological parameters of interest, characterized in that the system further comprises actuators of valves and at least one controlled point, each of which includes a unit of information transmission, connected to a Central unit processor comprising connected in series CPU unit input analog signals and block I/o discrete signals, the block modules interfacing analog signals, the unit modules of the pair of digital signals and the block of the relay, and each of the controlled points connected information communication through the communication channel with the remote control, analog sensors block instrumentation connected to the terminal block, the pair of analog signals, the output of which is connected to the block input analog signals, discrete sensors block instrumentation connected to the terminal block, the pair of discrete signals, the output of which is connected to the block input/output discrete signals, the output of which is connected to the input of the terminal block relay, which controls the actuators of valves. The block instrumentation includes control measure concentration of the nutrient devices for measuring parameters of cathodic protection, pressure, temperature, potential current and voltage signals of emergency, security and fire alarm in the form of analog and digital sensors. The number of controlled points equal to the number of remote processing facilities connected to the system remote control. As a communication channel used channel. As a communication channel can also be used wired communication lines.

The disadvantage of the claimed system telemetry and control patent # 65175 is the inability to control actuators in place of their finding themselves in a controlled object, and limited function of the control device, i.e., the inability to control remotely with additional, remotely located devices, except with the remote control, and low reliability of the device in case of emergency failure of the systems of remote control (absence of Autonomous, independent devices collect and store information).

The technical result of the invention under the patent # 65175 is the measurement and analysis of real-time current efficiency of each pumping unit, which ensures the timely detection of possible deviations from the predetermined mode of operation of pumping units and eliminates them ineffective work and prob is the author of accidental disconnection. This solution eliminates the control directly at the location of the actuators. It is also impossible to monitor the work of the Executive mechanisms in any location where it may be provided with mobile communication. No reliable data storage, because there is no duplication of data offline device.

Technical problem solved by this invention is to provide a reliable method of information provision and management of oil production in real-time and automated system for carrying out the method for continuous monitoring of obtaining reliable information in real time at any given point in time, with the possibility of early detection of deviations from the modes of any of the "n" is connected to the declared automated system actuators, as well as the possibility of choosing the optimal modes of actuators in the position of these actuators and devices for the processing and transformation of information, and in any geographical point, where can be provided with mobile communication devices that can be connected on the basis of the claimed invention as mobile devices the communication device data visualization and control actuators. The reliability of storing data received from each of the actuator and, accordingly, each device processing and conversion information for the whole period of operation due to their complete duplication of the Autonomous device.

The technical result is achieved due to the fact that the method of information provision and management of oil production in real time, consisting in the collection of primary information from "n" actuators, processing and conversion corresponding to each actuator device processing and transformation of information, transmission of information obtained through the block of information transmission on the communication channel, then through the communication channel to the Autonomous control unit, each processing unit and the conversion information block contains the information input from the actuator to the Central processor, the Central processor, through which process and transform information, a unit of information transmission on the communication channel, and information on each device processing and conversion information from the corresponding actuator transmit the first frequency the Converter, and then on the block information input from the actuator, with each device processing and transformation of information in addition enter a storage device, which carry out the operational and storage of persistent information, consisting of a block storing operational information unit storing data, the power passes through the power supply from three-phase network, and the control of actuators operate as a standalone device control, located on the remote access that is connected to the device processing and transformation of information through the communication channel and device processing and transformation of information directly, by entering advanced device processing and conversion information block of local control and indication after receiving them via the bus communication of information from the Central processor and the actuator through the power information input from the actuator and the frequency Converter, by processing the information received at the local controls and displays, produce control actions and via the bus interchange, the Central processor unit of the information input from the actuator, the inverter operate osdate to the actuator; as an additional control mechanisms shall be implemented by at least one mobile communication device and at least one device to render data residing on the remote access that are associated with device processing and transformation of information through the communication channel, in addition, impose a standalone device for collecting and storing data, a signal which is received via the communication unit from the communication channel and bus communication devices collect and store information on the Central processing unit collecting and storing information on the block data storage unit collecting and storing operational information. In the proposed method device located on a remote access, namely the device data visualization, mobile communication device, a stand-alone device control stand-alone device for collecting and storing information, get information from any of the n actuators and, respectively, from any of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information.

The technical result in the automated system of information provision and management of oil production in real-time is achieved due to the fact that the system containing "n" actuators, "n", device processing and conversion information is AI, corresponding to each actuator, the power information transmission on the communication channel, the communication channel, stand-alone control device, with each device processing and conversion information block contains the information input from the actuator to the Central processor, the Central processor unit of information transmission on the communication channel further comprises at least one visualization device data, at least one mobile communication device, a stand-alone device for collecting and storing data located on remote access and associated with each of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information through the communication channel, each of the "n" devices processing and conversion information comprises a frequency Converter, power supply and controller, which, in turn, contains a block of information input from the actuator, a CPU, a storage device, which, in turn, from the storage unit operating information and block storage of constant data, local controls and indications, and also the bus interchange and transmission unit of the information on the communication channel, while a stand-alone device collection and storage of data located on the remote access contains a block of collecting and storing operational information is, the Central processing unit collecting and storing information, the storage unit of the data bus of the communication devices collect and store information, the connection unit with a communication channel, with each processing unit and converts data output three-phase circuit connected to the input of the power supply and the input of the frequency Converter, the input-output power supply connected to the first input of the output inverter, the second input-output of which is connected with the actuator, and the third input-output inverter connected to the first input-output unit of the information input from the actuator controller, his second input-output unit of the information input from the actuator is connected with the bus interchange, which is also bound by their inputs, outputs, CPU, local controls and display, storage device, input-output storage unit operational information input-output unit storing information, as well as his first entrance-exit associated block of information transmission on the communication channel, the second input-output of which is connected through a transmit-receive antenna channel, which, in turn, are connected by their inputs and outputs at least one offline device management at least one visualization device is AI data at least one mobile communication device, as well as stand-alone device for collecting and storing data, in which a communication channel connected the first input of the connection unit with a communication channel, the second input-output of which is connected with the bus communication device collection and storage of information, which, in turn, is connected to the inputs-outputs of the Central processing unit collecting and storing information, the storage unit of the data block of collecting and storing operational information.

The claimed method of information provision and management of oil production in real-time and automated system for its implementation are illustrated by the drawing, where

in Fig.1 shows a functional diagram of the automated system of information provision and management of oil production in real time, implementing the claimed method.

Automated system of information provision and management of oil production in real-implementing information security and control oil production in real time, includes: "n" actuators 1, "n", device processing and transformation of information 2, with the transmitting antenna 3 each, channel 4. On the remote access are: at least one stand-alone control device 5, at least one of the lips is eusto data visualization 6, at least one mobile communication device 7, a stand-alone device for collecting and storing data 8. The unit power processing and conversion information exercise 2 from three-phase mains supply 9 and the power supply unit 10.

Device processing and transformation of information 2 includes a power supply 10, a frequency Converter 11, a controller 12. The controller 12, in turn, includes block information input from the actuator 13, the bus interchange 14, a CPU 15, a memory device 16, which includes a storage unit operating information 17, the block storing data 18. The controller 12 also includes a unit of local government and indicatii and block transmission on the communication channel 20.

Stand-alone device for collecting and storing data 8 includes a connection unit with a communication channel 21, the bus exchange of data collection devices and information storage 22, the Central processing unit collecting and storing information 23, the block data storage 24, a block of collecting and storing operational information 25.

The purpose of the devices and units.

Actuator 1 is the pump unit, and the device processing and transformation of information 2 controls the operation of the actuator 1 by selecting the optimal frequency of rotation of the actuator is 1 in accordance with the predetermined control algorithm.

The inverter 11 in addition to the function of converting three-phase voltage from the three-phase network 9 frequency of 50 Hz three-phase voltage, frequency in the range from 0 to 70 Hz, is also a means of measurement of all necessary parameters characterizing the operation of the installation. In particular, these include voltage, current, torque on the motor shaft, output frequency, power consumption and others. All measurements are made in real time and available to read on the local controls and readout 19 accepted for this device processing and transformation of information 2 of the actuator 1, and auxiliary control devices 5, and the device data visualization 6 and the mobile communication devices 7, remote access, where you can get information from any of the n actuators 1.

The controller 12, as part of the processing device and information transformation 2, controls the operation of the frequency Converter 11 in accordance with a specified algorithm changes the frequency of rotation of the actuator 1 and organizes information flow data for all blocks of the controller 12, and through the communication channel 4, which use the Internet transmits information is as remote access devices: auxiliary device for collecting and storing data 8, the mobile communication device 7, the device data visualization 6, the Autonomous control unit 5.

The CPU 15 organizes the interaction between all the blocks of the controller 12 via the bus interchange 14.

The storage unit operating information 17 is designed for temporary storage of data received from the actuator 1, storing the set parameters and settings of the algorithms necessary to control the frequency Converter 11.

Block storing data 18 includes a program memory for implementing the algorithm of functioning of the device processing and transformation of information 2.

The block information input from the actuator 13 maintains continuous communication between the controller 12 and a frequency Converter 11, taking the current settings and transmitting commands and setpoints.

Block local control unit 19 is designed to issue commands to control the frequency Converter 11 and change its parameters and settings.

A unit of information transmission on the communication channel 20 through the communication channel 4 - the Internet - organizes the data stream to remote access devices: Autonomous acquisition device and the data storage 8, a mobile communication device 7, the device data visualization 6, the Autonomous control unit 5.

The device data visualization 6 is intended to represent data from one or the other of the actuator 1 (pump unit) in a convenient form for the operator, usually in the form of graphs, allowing the operator to quickly analyze the nature of changes in the operation of the actuator 1 and, if necessary, to take appropriate action.

The mobile communication device 7 is designed to receive short messages about the necessity of surgical intervention in the system.

Each processing unit and converts data output three-phase circuit 9 is connected to the input of the power supply unit 10 and the input side of the inverter 11, the input-output power supply unit 10 is connected with the first input of the output inverter 11, the second input-output of which is connected with the actuating mechanism 1, and the third input-output inverter 11 is connected to the first input-output unit of the information input from the actuator 13 of the controller 12 SV is them a second input-output unit of the information input from the actuator 13 is connected with the bus interchange 14, which are also linked by their inputs and outputs, the Central processor unit local control unit 19, a storage device 16 input-output storage unit operating information 17, the input-output unit storing data 18, and his first entrance-exit associated block of information transmission on the communication channel 20, the second input-output of which is connected through a transmitting antenna 3 with channel 4, which, in turn, are connected by their inputs and outputs at least one stand-alone control device 5, at least one visualization device data 6, at least one mobile communication device 7, as well as stand-alone device for collecting and storing data 8, in which channel 4 is connected to the first input of the connection unit with a communication channel 21, the second input-output of which is connected with the bus exchange of data collection devices and information storage 22, which, in turn, is connected to the inputs-outputs of the Central processing unit collecting and storing information 23, the block data storage 24, a block of collecting and storing operational information 25.

The method of information provision and management of oil production in real time is to collect primary information from "n" actuators 1, processing, and converting the received information corresponding each of the actuator 1 device processing and transformation of information 2, however, the information on each device processing and transformation of information 2 from the corresponding actuator 1 is passed first frequency Converter 11, and then at block information input from the Executive mechanisma controller 12 includes a CPU 15, a block of local control and display unit 19, a storage device 16 with the member storage unit operating information 17 and the block storing data 18, the power information transmission on the communication channel 20 and the bus interchange 14. After receiving the information unit local control unit 19 of the actuator 1 through the inverter 1, the block information input from the actuator 13, a CPU 15 and a bus interchange 14 and processing it, the local unit of the control unit 19 generates control inputs to the actuator 1, and via the bus interchange 14, a CPU 15, a block of information input from the actuator 13, the inverter 11 carries out the necessary actions on the actuating mechanism 1, while storing operational information produced by the storage unit operating information 17, and the permanent storage of information is performed with the unit storing data 18.

<> Additional control over the operation of each of the n actuators 1 shall be implemented by at least one mobile communication device 7 and at least one device data visualization 6, located on a remote access that are associated with the processing device and converts data 2 through the communication channel 4, in addition, impose a standalone device for collecting and storing data 8, the signal which is received via the communication unit from the communication channel 21 via the bus exchange of data collection devices and information storage 22 to the Central processing unit collecting and storing information 23, the block data storage 24, unit collecting and storing operational information 25.

The office also carried out on the remote Autonomous access control device through the transmission of information via the transmission unit of the information on the communication channel 20, through the transceiver antenna 3 at each of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information 2, then through the channel 4, for example the Internet, an Autonomous control unit 5, which produces data processing, and then generates control inputs to the actuator 1.

Description of the operation of the mobile complex.

Each of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information 2 cycles with a given period is eredet data about your state, state frequency of the actuator 11 and all the parameters characterizing the operation of the actuator 1 - pump unit. Thus, the CPU 15 of the controller 12 sends a signal via the bus interchange 14 and the block information input from the actuator 13 in the frequency of the actuator 11 to request the current data. Frequency drive 11 sends a response signal containing the current data, which through the power information input from the actuator 13, the bus interchange 14 enters the storage unit operating information 17. Further, the signal from the storage unit operating information 17 via the bus interchange 14, the power information transmission on the communication channel 20, a receive / transmit antenna 3, channel 4 enters the block collecting and storing operational information 25 and the block data storage 24 via the connection unit with a communication channel 21 and the bus exchange of data collecting device and data storage device 22 of the data collection and storage 8. If necessary, the Central processing unit collecting and storing information 23 sends a signal to the mobile communication device 7 through the communication unit from the communication channel 21 and channel 4, in the form of messages, when required surgical intervention, such as the stop of the actuator 1 (submersible pump).

The device data visualization 6 is observed for the I work of the actuator 1 (submersible pump), reflects all the parameters characterizing the operation of the actuator 1 (submersible pump). This current, voltage, frequency, torque on the motor shaft of the actuator 1 (submersible pump), the liquid level above the submersible pump, the flow rate, the pressure at the bottom hole location of a submersible pump, the temperature of the reservoir, the temperature of the motor actuator 1 (submersible pump) and others.

Data can be presented in real time, and for any specified period of time. To request the required data the operator with the device data visualization 6 selects the desired number of "n" numbers of the actuator 1 and, accordingly, device processing and transformation of information 2 included in the automated system of information provision and management of oil production in real time, and then sends the signal and the desired time interval for data analysis, through the communication channel 4 transmitting antenna 3, the power information transmission on the communication channel 20 to the Central processor 15 device processing and transformation of information 2. The CPU 15 decrypts the signal, based on the available data, stored in the storage unit operating information 17 and the block storing data 18, which is communicated via the bus exchange Yes the bag 14, then generates a response signal and sends it back to the visualization device 6 through the data transmission unit of the information on the communication channel 20, a receive / transmit antenna 3 via the communication channel 4.

Autonomous control unit 5 that is designed for remote control actuator 1, the remote change the parameters and settings of the actuator 1, allows the operator to access any of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information 2 and the corresponding actuator 1 at any time from any location within range of the communication channel 4, namely the Internet. The operator, if necessary, adjust setpoints and operating parameters of the actuator 1 specifies the Autonomous control unit: on what device processing and transformation of information 2 and what parameters should be changed, the Autonomous control unit 5 sends a signal through the communication channel 4 transmitting antenna 3, the power information transmission on the communication channel 20, bus interchange 14 in the CPU 15 of the controller 12. The CPU 15 sends a signal to the storage unit operating information 17 via the bus interchange 14 to change control settings, if necessary, sends a signal to frequency Converter 11 through the block enter the information from the actuator 13 to change the settings.

After you run the command to change setpoints and parameters, the CPU 15 sends to the Autonomous control unit 5 through the communication channel 4 signal confirmation of the operation.

In addition, the operator visually monitors the changing parameters in real-time on a stand-alone control device 5.

Advantages of the claimed method and device.

The use of the claimed method and device for oil extraction fields with mechanized wells, allows to obtain significant economic benefits due to the following circumstances.

The complex operates unmanned technologies, i.e. reduced number of staff.

Reduced downtime due to more rapid response to emergency situations on the basis of objective information received in real time.

Best modes for each well selected and analyzed by qualified personnel having access to devices for the processing and transformation of information from any location that has Internet connection, then there is no need to be directly on the field.

Gives the opportunity to conduct research work on the wells from remote places.

On the basis of the e data obtained from each well (actuator) for a long period of operation allows analysis of the whole field in General and the prospects of its further operation.

Less time is required for the development of new deposits, as device processing and transformation of information are independent from the geographical position of the Autonomous mobile device.

Information received from the Autonomous mobile device of the claimed system is objective and not influenced by the human factor.

The inverter 11 may be of any type, provided with means for measuring and calculating the necessary parameters, such as frequency, current, torque on the motor shaft, power consumption and others. For example, the inverter ABB ACS800-1 f7b42.aspx?productLanguaqe=us&countrv=EN

The controller 12 may be of any type, equipped with means of communication via the Internet, for example Simatic S7-200 CPU CPU226 o&nodeid0=10805245&lanq=en&siteid=cseus&aktprim=0&extranet=standard&viewreg=WW&objid=10805150&treeLanq=en

equipped with a modem GSM/GPRS Modem MD720-3 transceiver antenna ANT794-MR o&nodeid0=10805245&lanq=en&siteid=cseus&aktprim=0&extranet=standard&viewreq=WW&objid=24283725&treeLanq=en

Autonomous control unit 5 is any computer device, equipped with Internet connection, display and keyboard.

The device data visualization 6 - any computer device, equipped with Internet connection and having means to graphically display the information.

The mobile communications device 6 is a device receiving a text message having a link with the Internet, such as a cell phone.

Local controls and readout 19 - any IBM compatible computer that has Internet connection and is equipped with disc memory for long term data storage.

All of the above confirms the industrial applicability of the claimed method and device.

The technical objective of the claimed invention, namely the creation of a reliable method of information provision and management of oil production in real-time and automated system for carrying out the method, which will provide continuous monitoring of obtaining reliable information in real time at any given point in time, with the possibility of early detection of deviations from the modes of any of the "n" is connected to the declared automated system actuators, as well as the possibility of choosing the optimal modes of actuators in the position of these actuators and devices for the processing and transformation of information, and in any geographical point, where can be provided with mobile communication devices that can be connected on the basis of saleemul the invention as a mobile communication device, device data visualization, and the ability to control the operation of actuators made.

Safely storing data received from each of the actuator and, accordingly, each device processing and conversion information for the period of exploitation, due to their duplication Autonomous device for collecting and storing data.

The list of items

The actuator 1

Device processing and transformation of information 2

Transceiver antenna 3

Channel 4

Autonomous control unit 5

The visualization device data 6

The mobile communication device 7

Stand-alone device for collecting and storing data 8

Three-phase supply network 9

The power supply 10

The inverter 11

The controller 12

The block information input from the actuator 13

Bus interchange 14

The CPU 15

Storage device 16

The storage unit operating information 17

Block storing data 18

Local controls and readout 19

A unit of information transmission on the communication channel 20

The connection unit with a communication channel 21

Bus exchange of data collection devices and information storage 22

The Central processing unit collecting and storing information is 23

The block data storage 24

Acquisition unit storing operational information 25

1. The method of information provision and management of oil production in real time, consisting in the collection of primary information from "n" actuators, processing and conversion corresponding to each actuator device processing and transformation of information, transmission of information obtained through the block of information transmission on the communication channel, then through the communication channel to the Autonomous control unit, each processing unit and the conversion information block contains the information input from the actuator to the Central processor, the Central processor, through which process and transform information, block information transmission on the communication channel,
characterized in that
information on each device processing and conversion information from the corresponding actuator transmit the first frequency Converter, and then to block input from the actuator, with each device processing and transformation of information in addition enter a storage device, which carry out the operational and storage of persistent information, consisting of a block of storage is operativnoy information and block storage of constant data, the power passes through the power supply from three-phase network, and the control of actuators operate as a standalone device control, located on the remote access that is connected to the device processing and transformation of information through the communication channel and device processing and transformation of information directly, by entering advanced device processing and conversion information block of local control and indication after receiving them via the bus communication of information from the Central processor and the actuator through the power information input from the actuator and the frequency Converter, by processing the information received at the local controls and display, produce control actions and via the bus interchange, the Central processor unit of the information input from the actuator, the inverter carries out the necessary actions on the actuating mechanism, and additional control mechanisms shall be implemented by at least one mobile communication device and at least one device to render data residing on the remote access that are associated with device processing and transformation of information through the channel with the ides, in addition, introduce a stand-alone device for collecting and storing data, a signal which is received via the communication unit from the communication channel and bus communication devices collect and store information on the Central processing unit collecting and storing information on the block data storage unit collecting and storing operational information.

2. The method according to p. 1, wherein the device located on the remote access, namely the device data visualization, mobile communication device, a stand-alone device control stand-alone device for collecting and storing information, get information from any of the n actuators and, respectively, from any of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information.

3. Automated system of information provision and management of oil production in real-time, containing "n" actuators, "n", device processing and conversion information corresponding to each actuator, the power information transmission on the communication channel, the communication channel, stand-alone control device, with each device processing and conversion information block contains the information input from the actuator to the Central processor, the Central processor unit transmitting information on Cana is due,
characterized in that
the system further comprises at least one visualization device data, at least one mobile communication device, a stand-alone device for collecting and storing data located on remote access and associated with each of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information through the communication channel, with each of the "n" devices processing and transformation of information consists of, frequency Converter, power supply and controller, which, in turn, contains a block of information input from the actuator, a CPU, a storage device, which, in turn, from the storage unit operating information and block storage of constant data, local controls and indications, and also the bus interchange and transmission unit of the information on the communication channel, while a stand-alone device collection and storage of data located on the remote access, contains a block of collecting and storing operational information, the Central processing unit collecting and storing information, the storage unit of the data bus of the communication devices collect and store information, the communication unit from the communication channel, at the same time in each processing unit and converts data output three-phase circuit connected to the input of the power supply and the input of the frequency conversion on the body, the input-output power supply connected to the first input of the output inverter, the second input-output of which is connected with the actuator, and the third input-output inverter connected to the first input-output unit of the information input from the actuator controller, its second input / output unit of the information input from the actuator is connected with the bus interchange, which is also bound by their inputs, outputs, CPU, local controls and display, storage device, input-output storage unit operational information input-output unit storing data, as well as his first entrance-exit associated block of information transmission on the communication channel, the second input-output of which is connected through a transmit-receive antenna channel, which, in turn, are connected by their inputs and outputs at least one stand-alone control device, at least one visualization device data, at least one mobile communication device, as well as stand-alone device for collecting and storing data, in which a communication channel connected the first input-output connection unit with a communication channel, the second input-output of which is connected with the bus communication device collection and storage of information, which, in turn, is connected with the inputs in the passages of the Central processing unit collecting and storing information, unit data storage unit collecting and storing operational information



 

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1 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system of situation-analytical centres of an organisational system. The system comprises a telecommunication network, a control centre, situation-analytical centres, control points of departments of the organisational system, two-way communication means, means of monitoring surveillance objects, which affect the state of operations of the organisational system, and enables automated generation of scenarios using computer systems of the control centre, situation-analytical centres and control points of departments of the organisational system, storage of data on the scenarios in a system for storing data for auditing operations of the organisational system, which is part of the control centre, transmission of data on the scenarios via equipment interfaces of the control centre, situation-analytical centres, control points of departments of the organisational system and over the telecommunication network to computer networks of the control centre, situation-analytical centres and control points of departments of the organisational system, to video systems and a computer for setting up the video system of the control centre and situation-analytical centres, to multimedia screens of the control centre, situation-analytical centres and control points of departments of the organisational system to make decisions based on the generated scenarios.

EFFECT: high efficiency of the decision-making process owing to automated generation of scenarios for solving problem situations.

21 cl, 1 tbl, 30 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of supporting operation of an organisational system. The method comprises steps of forming blocks of standardised data on the state of support objects and operation of the organisational system, critical and allowable performance indicators of the organisational system, control commands for setting support objects into standardised or allowable states depending on the actual situation, setting support objects into standardised states, determining the actual states of support objects, evaluating the actual performance of the organisational system, determining blocks of data on the control commands required in the actual situation, optionally setting the support objects into standardised or allowable states based on the effect thereof on the types of operation in subdivisions of the organisational system and operation of the organisational system as a whole.

EFFECT: high efficiency of controlling information support of operation of an organisational system through automated evaluation of performance indicators of the organisational system and automatic control of support objects of the organisational system based on said evaluation.

24 cl, 50 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of electrical engineering and may be used in electric power systems. Smart electric power system intended for improvement of control for utility system includes sensors at different sections of the above utility system with use of data transfer technologies and computer technology such as auxiliary bus structures in order to modernise the electric power system so that it operates effectively and reliably and to support additional services for consumers. The smart electric power system can include a smart distributing device in the utility system (separate from the control centre smart tools) that consists of units generating data at different sections of the electric power system, analyse generated data and modify operation of the respective section automatically.

EFFECT: improved control of the power supply networks.

46 cl, 37 dwg

FIELD: instrument making.

SUBSTANCE: fuzzy adaptive position method of automatic control of objects with discrete executive devices is proposed, which is realised by means of a logic controller and consists in generation of control parameters according to fuzzy rules and feeding these control parameters to an object. Control parameters generation is divided into two levels, at the first of which with the help of fuzzy logic they localise (identify) the control range, where further adaptation will be carried out. Localisation of the control range is carried out by definition of the main (base) value of the control parameter of this range according to the formula: Uad1=Uo(1-β)+Ukβ, where Uad1 - adaptable control parameter, Uo and Uk - control parameters in two extreme (opposite) conditions B of the object, β - normalised equivalent of object condition (β=0 at Bo, β=1 at Bk, where Bo - initial condition of the object, Bk - final condition of the object), taken as the value of the parameter of the adaptive middle position at this range, and at the second level the value of the control parameter is defined with the help of the adaptive three-position control method.

EFFECT: simplicity of realisation, improved quality of control, higher reliability of functioning due to substantial reduction of number of rules and more efficient control.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: physics, communication.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to remote control over rod pumps, displacement pump, variable-speed drive etc, for example, used for extraction of hydrocarbons and drainage for them to be optimised. Device and method uses independent network server computer integrated with pump controlled arranged at every well in oil field. Will controller controls downhole pump in situ, processes well and pump data, generates surface and well diagrams and transmits reports on extraction, recommendations on improvement of extraction and production statistics at remote locations in Internet. Said controller can make remote requests for output of aforesaid reports via email or Internet messages, for example, at default state.

EFFECT: better serviceability, lower hardware costs.

19 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automated control systems for technological processes during ground testing of space-rocket equipment and can be used in developmental testing of aviation and transportation equipment, as well as chemical plants. The technical result is achieved through the apparatus for synchronising the control system for stand tests of space-rocket equipment and includes, in the processor of each master controller, a unit for interfacing with a local area network, connected through a control unit to a cycle counter, a cycle duration timer, a transportation delay register and a correction period counter, connected to a correction time register.

EFFECT: providing universal time and synchronisation of operating cycles of a distributed network of homogeneous master controllers irrespective of their number, arrangement and back-up version.

1 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a control system which comprises a controlled device which is controlled by a controller, having receiving means for receiving control signals, and having a first, second and third storage locations for storing a personal identifier (ID) or address (PID), network ID (NID), and the ID (RCID) of a remote control device, respectively; at least one user-controlled remote control device for transmitting control signals. A control signal comprises a target address code, a network ID code, a sender address code and a command code. Normally, the controller only responds to control signals if target address code, network ID code, and sender address code match the information in memory. The controller is capable of operating in a NO NETWORK mode, in which the controller responds to a reset command irrespective of target address code, the network ID code, and the sender address code.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities of the lighting control system by switching said system to an operating mode where system components will receive a rest command from any remote control device.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: tire industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant contains great number of working units operating successively. Plant is furnished with central processor made for setting successive execution of great number of operations at working stations. Each working station contains at least one unit of indicated working units according to one or several set sequences of tire types. Plant includes also local processor connected with each working station and made for determining type corresponding to drum found in each of said working units. Local processor provides selection of definite procedure from preset group of procedures for each of said working units designed for type of tire corresponding to drum to be used in operation. Invention reduces to minimum downtimes for changing type of tire to be manufactured and makes it possible to manufacture lots of tires of different types without changing equipment producing tire semifinished products.

EFFECT: provision of automatic manufacturing of different type tires.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: technology for controlling meteorological protection, possible use for actively influencing atmospheric processes to alter weather conditions.

SUBSTANCE: system for controlling meteorological protection of populated territories provides automated coordination of active point effects onto centers of micro-physical processes in atmosphere of protected populated territories in moments of their appearance, if locations of centers of these processes, fields of geo-potential and components of local data characterize processes as potentially dangerous.

EFFECT: increased level of meteorological protection of populated territories, provision of trustworthy advance notifications to population concerning insurmountable and potentially dangerous catastrophic atmospheric events, decreased costs of system installation and of system operation maintenance.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: technology for testing and controlling systems or elements thereof.

SUBSTANCE: spark-safe instrument for technical service in field conditions includes connectors, first and second elements for accessing data transfer environment, while first element for accessing data transfer network is made with possible communication in accordance to first industrial communication protocol standard, second element for accessing data transfer network is made with possible communication in accordance to second industrial communication protocol standard, processor, keyboard, display, and also either infrared port or replaceable memory block, or memory extension block. Invention includes diagnostic methods, realized by spark-safe instrument for technical service purposes in field conditions.

EFFECT: simplified display of diagnostic information.

11 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: antitrouble control of electrical equipment and control of power flows in electric power supply networks.

SUBSTANCE: the station of automated control of electric power supply network has an automated controller's position composed of the central processor module, main and two auxiliary monitors, graphic manipulator, keyboard, printer, information processing unit, collective use panel, navigation receiver and a control unit, switchboard unit, communication panel, switchboard, VHF radio set with a receiver, feeder and an antenna, HF radio set with an antenna, information exchange device, data transmission equipment, operational communication equipment, power input unit with two AC external network channels connected to it, long-range communication adapter, lines input unit, long-range communication channels, connecting lines, customers service communication lines, automated manager's position comprising a central processor module, main and auxiliary monitors, graphic manipulator, keyboard, information processing unit, laser range finder and a control unit, as well as remote automated operator's positions.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of functioning and provided trouble-free operation of the electric power supply network.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: recharge unit emits infrared light from infrared unit in response to recharge request signal received from robot via wireless transceiver, and sends infrared radiation signal in accordance with infrared light radiation. The self-propelled robot communicates with the recharge unit using various data and sends recharge request signal to the recharge unit when accumulator charge level drops below a threshold level and moves back towards the recharge unit using image data input from camera unit as response to infrared radiation signal sent by the recharge unit. The robot has microprocessor for controlling robot movements for providing return to the recharge unit by processing data of infrared light position on picture introduced from camera unit when detecting infrared light presence in the picture.

EFFECT: accelerated return to recharge unit.

16, cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electronics; computer technology.

SUBSTANCE: method is based upon following steps: reading calibration data out for calibration of industrial equipment in relation to half-finished products to be processed and reading data out on preset maximal number of items to be processed from external data carrier, delivered together with half-finished products; calibration of industrial equipment in correspondence with calibration data of half-finished products delivered; programming of industrial equipment for maximal admitted number of items while using the best possible calibration; comparison of number of items, produced beginning from authorized initial moment of time (real number), with maximal number of items and deliverance of message on maximal number is suppressed by real number.

EFFECT: elimination of processing of items being non-authorized for production.

20 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: control of unmanned flying vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes delivery of control signal from panel for deviation of flying vehicle altitude controls in accordance with preset trajectory of flight, in-flight measurement, calculation of present vertical component of flying vehicle speed and sign of its change in accordance with measurement, comparison of actual measured altitude with preset magnitude; in case actual altitude is lesser than preset magnitude, control signal is corrected for compensation of deviation of altitude from preset magnitude with the aid of feedback signal of actual magnitude of altitude and present magnitude of vertical component of speed. Device proposed for realization of this method is provided with altitude sensor and microprocessor forming the correction signal for control signal.

EFFECT: avoidance of dangerous approach to earth surface.

8 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of automatic control systems for testing machines and benches for endurance tests of mechanical structures. To solve defined task for each subgroup of local extrema (maxima and minima) including homonymous extrema of the same value, own accumulators of differences are used which provide correction of extrema for program control signal for each subgroup. Differences for each subgroup are accumulated until difference between feedback signal extremum and corresponding program signal extremum becomes equal to zero. To calculate true corrections correcting control signal extrema, the device has additionally included elements determining moments for calculating mentioned corrections and regulating order of information transmission between separate units of device. Such elements include service signals delays, service signal pulse width shapers, switches, registers containing updated from section to section of program information about extremum numbers and their ordinates, and memories successively storing after interpolation all intermediate points about currently generated program sections. To maintain constancy of average load rate, the device uses summing unit computing program section span, registers for temporary storing of this information and dividers dividing reference frequency depending on program section span value in such a way that constant average speed of each program section generation is provided independently from its span value change.

EFFECT: improvement of accuracy of loading for tested structures in the points of local extrema of testing program resulting in improvement of accuracy of products life time determination, as well as maintaining constant average loading rate for tested structures.

4 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of automatic control systems for testing machines and benches for endurance tests of mechanical structures. It is achieved by means of the following: control signals at servo drive input are formed via setting extrema of program function, intermediate function values between extrema are interpolated, differences between actual load in local extrema and their program values are measured for each subgroup of the same local extrema. These differences are accumulated in several storages the number of which is equal to number of subgroups. Control signal extrema coming to servo drive are formed as sums of accumulated differences for each subgroup of local extrema and corresponding local extrema of the program. Span of each program section and arrival rate of all intermediate interpolated function values of this section to servo drive input is determined. It is determined as result of reference frequency division by the value proportional to section span.

EFFECT: lowering the loading error in extremum points of program to 0,1% and possibility to select optimal loading rate fro program sections with random span value.

4 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of automatic control systems for testing machines and benches for endurance tests of mechanical structures. To solve defined task for each subgroup of local extrema (maxima and minima) including homonymous extrema of the same value, own accumulators of differences are used which provide correction of extrema for program control signal for each subgroup. Differences for each subgroup are accumulated until difference between load sensor signal extremum and corresponding program signal extremum becomes equal to zero. To calculate true corrections correcting control signal extrema, the device has additionally included elements determining moments for calculating mentioned corrections and regulating order of information transmission between separate units of device. These elements include service signals delays, shapers of service signals pulse width, switches, registers containing updated from section to section of program information about extremum numbers and their ordinates, To maintain constancy of average load rate, the device uses comparator computing program section span and frequency divider dividing reference frequency depending on program section span value in such a way that constant average speed of each program section generation is provided independently from its span value change.

EFFECT: improvement of accuracy of loading for tested structures in the points of local extrema of testing program resulting in improvement of accuracy of products life time determination, as well as maintaining constant average loading rate for tested structures.

4 dwg

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