Control over scheduled freight train traffic in railway communication

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: train traffic is effected on the basis of integral shift. First, for every railway yard, simulated is freight trains gathering in routs and destinations for a day, for every train an appropriate unoccupied "line" of the traffic actual schedule is selected to simulate versions for locomotives and locomotive crews to be selected for trains. For every train model, train passing is simulated in sections of a traffic route with due allowance for current position in given route. Thereafter, with allowance for current position in the route, appropriate versions are selected for every train model for selection of locomotives and crews to be assigned to selected "line" of actual traffic schedule. Simulation results are used to gather the train at railway yard and appropriate locomotive is assigned thereto as well as locomotive crew to send the train in compliance with traffic schedule preset by actual schedule "line". In real time, train gathering, assignment of locomotives and their crews, departure of train from the station and passing in route sections in compliance with approved schedule.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of control over freight train traffic.

8 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to automation and computer engineering and can be used on railway transport, primarily for Supervisory control of train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction.

A known method of controlling the movement of freight trains, which consists in forming at each station selected direction of trains, the establishment of the thread schedule, which will organize the shipment formed trains, while planning outdoorsman on the direction to reduce the downtime of rolling stock operate continuously (UDC 656.225 S. C. doroshko, Belsut, Gomel, Belarus, 16.06.2010).

A known method can reduce the loading stations to increase transit opportunities low-power magnopotamion, to reduce the time of delivery of goods.

However, the known method does not allow to relate the organization system magnopotamion in train with the schedule of their movement, involves the departure of trains on the readiness of the accumulation of full or musters a full value eponymous train. All this leads to inefficient use of train locomotive and violation of the labor-leisure use of locomotive crews.

The closest analogue is the integrated management technology for cargo trains on schedule, namely, that for the selected direction is exercised by the simulation of the train and magnopotamion, wherein for each station forming perform modeling trains freight trains, provide their locomotives and locomotive crews, for each model choose solid "string" schedule and attach it to the train, supervise the formation of trains, as well as their movement along the route according to the schedule (B. And Balls and other senior Integrated control technology movement of freight trains on schedule", Zh. Rail transport, No. 11, 2010, pages 11-22).

The known method involves the ready availability of locomotives and locomotive crews for each stock on the known line of the graph (for a day or more), which in practice is rarely the case. Also during the day, it is extremely difficult to predict the composition according to the sorting station in a given direction, and purpose.

The technical result of the invention is to improve the management efficiency of train operation of freight trains on a schedule in the direction for reducing the time on the formation and departure of trains from the station yard, effective utilization of locomotives and locomotive crews in the direction of ensuring grafitowych of running times on sites and Parking stations.

Technical result is achieved by those who, a method for control of train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction control of train operation carried out on the basis of a single control room shift, first for each marshalling yard directions model ashtavakrasana freight trains on the directions and appointments on the day, for each structure choose the appropriate free "thread" actual schedule and model ways to ensure trains locomotives and locomotive crews, then for each model trains with the current position in the direction of carry out a simulation pass trains on sections of the directions, after taking into account the current position and direction for each model structure choose the appropriate options for the locomotive and the locomotive crew and attach them to the selected "string" current schedule, according to the simulation results at the sorting station form part of, are bound to the composition of the respective locomotive and locomotive crews and send the train according to the time of sending, given "thread" actual graphics, and real-time control of processes forming part of a train, bind to the respective locomotive and locomotive crews, departure for the exhibition from the station and passing over sections of the directions according to the approved schedule.

Formation models ashtavakrasana freight trains in the direction of perform in the automated mode the automated workplace shunting Manager, unified dispatch change based on the approach of trains to the station yard from various directions, the cars at the station and agonopterix with approaches thereto, the processing volume magnopotamion on the station with regard to border crossing transit trains based on the current plan schedule.

Modeling options for trains locomotives operate in an automated mode the automated workplace of the locomotive Manager, unified dispatch change based on the availability of locomotives in the depot and station data on the mileage of each locomotive and the timing of its maintenance, as well as the length and weight of trains.

The automated workplace of the locomotive Manager, unified dispatch change based on the approach of each locomotive with sales with regard to its mileage and maintenance also provide podsypku locomotives reserve at the station to ensure trains locomotives on the selected "thread" actual graph.

Modeling options for locomotives locomotive crews carried out in the machine is sirovina mode on the automated workplace of the duty depot single dispatcher change based on the availability of locomotive crews on the station and in the rest home, as well as taking into account "poselki" locomotive crews passengers on a marshalling yard.

Modeling skip all trains on sections of the directions in automated mode is carried out on an automated workplace train dispatcher single dispatcher change based on the arrival of trains at junction stations with neighboring areas, the departure of trains from the station yard and maintenance work on the railway direction.

The automated workplace of the Manager area control of a single control room shift taking into account the real situation on the direction of choose from for each model structure options for the provision of the locomotive and the locomotive crew to attach them to the selected "thread" actual schedule and subsequent monitoring in real time of the formation of the train, binding to the composition of the respective locomotive and locomotive crews, the departure of the train from the station, his passing over sections of the directions according to the approved schedule.

The formation of the train, binding to the composition of the respective locomotive and locomotive crews, the departure of the train from the station, passing over sections of the directions according to the approved schedule shows the corresponding view of the graphic display workstation for each participant in a single control room shift Manager area control.

The proposed method is implemented using the system to control train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction.

Block diagram of a system for control of train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction shown in Fig.1.

System for control of train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction includes a CPU 1, the respective inputs/outputs of which are connected to the outputs/inputs of a unified database 2 data processors 3-7 workstations 8-12 respectively Manager area control locomotive controller on duty at the depot, shunting Manager and a train dispatcher for each site direction of a single control room shift (AWS 8 OTHER, arm 9, Siberian branch, AWP 10 TCD, arm 11 DSC, arm 12 center).

In addition, other inputs/outputs of the CPU 1 via the network 13 data connected to hardware devices automated systems 14 and 15 control the marshalling yard and technical stations directions (ACS 14 SS and ACS ARTICLE 15), as well as an automated system 16 operational control of the transportation process (ASOP 16) and an automated system 17, conduction and analysis of graphics full of movement. As automated the second system 17 operating and chart analysis performed movements utilize a known system GUIDE "Ural research Institute of railway transport" (GUIDE Ural region" 17).

Workstation 8 OTHER includes a block 18 stress direction, input/output connected to the corresponding output/input processor 3. Arm 9 TSC includes a block 19 simulation of locomotives on the direction input/output connected to the corresponding output/input of the processor 4. Workstation 10 TCD includes a block 20 simulation of locomotive crews on the direction input/output connected to the corresponding output/input processor 5. Arm AND DSC includes a block 21 simulation of the marshalling yard, input/output connected to the corresponding output/input processor 6. AWP center 12 includes a block 22 modeling the operation of trains at stations, input/output connected to the corresponding output/input of the processor 7.

The blocks 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 display, respectively workstation 8 OTHER, arm 9, Siberian branch, AWP 10 TCD, arm 11 DSC, arm 12 center made in the form of graphical displays and connected respectively to the outputs of the processors 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.

The system also includes control means real train situation, train direction, which include devices microprocessor 28 centralized traffic control (DC), means 29-31 determine the location of the train, wagon, locomotive, and means 32 identification of the car, the outputs of each of which are connected to the inputs 14 ACS SS, ACS 15 ARTICLE, ASOP 16. the ri that the outputs of the devices 28 and means for determining the location of the train connected to the corresponding inputs of the automated system 17, conduction and analysis of graphics full of movement.

System for control of train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction is as follows.

Control of train operation of freight trains a single control room shift, including Manager, area management, locomotive dispatcher on duty at the depot, shunting Manager and a train dispatcher for each plot direction.

Real-time data device DC 28, the means 29, 30 and 31 of the positioning respectively trains, cars and locomotives, as well as means 32 identification of the car determine the real situation on the train direction. Data with their outputs through appropriate matching device (not shown) via the communication channels are received at respective inputs ASUS and ACS ARTICLE 15 of the chosen direction, and also to corresponding inputs of ASOP 16, and data output devices 28 and means 29 also receives input GUIDE "URAL" 17.

Manager area control using block I/o (not shown) arm 8 OTHER forms requests, through which the CPU 1 via the network 13 data arrive in hardware-software device 14 ACS SS, ACS 15 ARTICLE, ASOP 16, GUIDE Ural 17.

In response to the received request automatically in the Central Avenue is cessor 1 of 14 ACS SS enters the plan ashtavakrasana for the next 3-6 h, including the number of generated structures by specifying for each part of the index structure (forming station, the destination station number from the beginning of the day), time of readiness of the composition, length, weight, composition, number of a train, which formed part. From the system ACS 15 ARTICLE there is information about the availability of locomotives on-site work at the current time on the stations, indicating depot home series, number, status of the locomotive, the last event (date, time, station, operation, direction), the presence of a locomotive in motion indicating the number of a train, its index, weight, length and locomotive crews, as well as data on the availability of locomotive crews in the stations and in the rest home, as well as on the plots in motion advanced for each locomotive with indication of surname, name, patronymic, personnel numbers, the road home depot the home, class, driver, time of readiness and completion activities. From the automated system 17, conduction and analysis of graphics full of movement data is received that includes information on the location of each train, its parameters, the locomotive and the locomotive crew, about planned and current Windows, employment routes to stations and sections. From ASOP 16 - information, backup data received from the automated system 17, conduction and analysis of graph IV the frame of the movement, ACS 14 SS, ACS ARTICLE 15.

In real time, the CPU 1 performs conversion arriving at its data inputs, generates the appropriate data banks and directs them into a single database 2 data to store.

In the first stage, control of train operation of freight trains on the direction of carry out detailed modeling of ashtavakrasana for marshalling yard directions on the day. To this end, the processor 6 WKS 11 DSC requests from a single base 2 data the approach of trains to the sorting station from different directions and their composition for the next day, on the availability of rail cars and their location in real time, and the amount of processing magnopotamion at the sorting station with regard to border crossing transit trains on the basis of the actual formation plan for the coming day and the details are up to date schedule. The received data processor 6 sends to the block 21, which forms a model ashtavakrasana freight trains on the directions and appointments on the day, for each model structure selects the corresponding free "thread" current schedule, i.e., simulates the execution of the current plan of the garter compositions on "threads" actual schedule for departure from the marshalling yard at night.

Results simulated the I unit 21 passes through the processor 6, in the CPU 1, which appropriately processes the information and sends it in a single database 2. Each of the participants in the control room shift upon request on your unit 23(24)(25)(26)(27) the display is made in the form of a graphic display, you may obtain the results of ashtavakrasana freight trains on the marshalling yard directions in the form of a corresponding image.

In the second phase, control of train operation of freight trains on the direction of carry out detailed modeling of the operation of the depot.

The processor 4 WKS 9 TSC requests from the Central processor 1 simulation results of ashtavakrasana freight trains for marshalling station and sends them to the block 19. Unit 19 carries out the simulation of the locomotives on the direction.

At this point, the processor 6 from a single base 2 requests for the coming day data on the availability of locomotives in the depot, the railway station, the mileage data of each locomotive and the timing of its maintenance (- 2, TR1-TR3) and sends them to the block 19.

Unit 19 automatically simulates ways to ensure the locomotive of each part at the time of submission, given the selected "strings" current schedule. When the simulation unit 19 takes into account the length and weight of each composition, given what's about the availability of the locomotives in the depot and station, about the mileage of the engine and the timing of its maintenance, about the possibility of poselki locomotives reserve at the sorting station, determines the readiness of the locomotive at the time of submission, given the selected pipeline schedule. On the basis of these data models ways to ensure the locomotive of each part.

The results of the simulation unit 19 sends via the CPU 4 CPU 1, which appropriately processes the information and sends it in a single database 2 data. Each of the participants in the control room shift upon request on your unit 23(24)(25)(26)(27) the display can receive the results of the modeling options for locomotives trains freight trains on the marshalling yard directions in the form of a corresponding image.

After that, the CPU 5 WKS 10 TCD requests from the CPU 1, the simulation results of ashtavakrasana for the marshalling yard and ways to ensure each part of the respective locomotive and sends them to the block 20. In addition, the controller 5 requests from a single base 2 data on the availability of locomotive crews in the stations and in the rest home, as well as on the plots in motion advanced for each locomotive with indication of surname, name, middle name, personnel number, the road home depot Ave is Peeps, class operator, time availability and the end of the holiday and transmits them to the block 20. On the basis of the received data unit 20 carries out the simulation work crews in the area.

For each locomotive unit 20 simulates options for the locomotive crews to the time of dispatch of trains from the station set selected "strings" actual graphics. The results of the simulation unit 20 sends through the processor 5 to the CPU 1, which converts the received data accordingly and sends them into a single database 2 data. The conversion results let everyone in the control room shift upon request on your unit 23(24)(25)(26)(27) display to get the results of the modeling options for locomotives locomotive crews in the form of a corresponding image.

At the third stage, for each model trains with the current position in the direction of carry out a simulation pass trains on sections of direction.

What processor workstation 7 12 center of each plot requests from the Central processor 1 data for the next day of the arrival of trains at junction stations with neighboring areas, about the departure of trains from the station yard, the renovations on the direction, as well as the results of the mod is modeling software trains locomotives and locomotive crews. The requested data to the CPU 1 from the unified database 2 sends to the processor 7, which transmits them to the block 22.

Unit 22 carries out the simulation of the crossing of trains on sections of the directions based on the current actual schedule and detailed forecast approach transit trains to butt stations of a section. The results of the simulation unit 22 sends to the processor 7, which transmits them to the Central processor 1. The CPU 1 performs the appropriate conversion of the received data and sends them into a single database 2 data. The conversion results let everyone in the control room shift upon request on your unit 23(24)(25)(26)(27) display to get the results of the modeling options skip all trains on sections of direction.

At the fourth stage, a comprehensive simulation of the rail direction.

First on the simulation results, the CPU 1 determines the availability of trains for departure with a sorting station on the basis of data from the arm 11 DSC, the number of ready-made locomotives and locomotive crews in the marshalling yard on the basis of data from the workstation 10 TCD, assesses the situation on the passage of trains and on the progress of repair work on parts of the directional detection of non-standard and Cressida the situations and defines the approach of trains to the direction of junction stations on the basis of data from the workstation 12 center.

The analysis of the real situation, the CPU 1 generates a corresponding output form and passes them to the processor 3 WKS 8 OTHER for transmission in block 18 of the stress direction.

Based on the comprehensive information about the current position in the direction of the unit 18 generates variants of the graphs of the traffic leaving the station; options on the arrival of trains at the direction of the butt stations with data about trains (category, weight, length), options hauling service trains in the border areas, ways to train departure from the marshalling yard, ways to pass trains on sites within the boundaries of areas with regard to the plan for "Windows".

The results of the simulation unit 18 sends to the processor 3. The CPU 3 performs the appropriate conversion of the received data for display on the graphic display unit 23 of the display arm DRU.

Manager area control using block I/o (not shown) selects one of the specified variants, the most efficient and instructs the processor 3 for making it to execution.

In accordance with the option selected work areas of the CPU 3 generates a job for a single control room shift in the direction of the current change in the following form:

for Manet is global Manager - the current plan of formation of compounds at the sorting station;

for locomotive Manager - the current plan hauling service trains in the border areas;

- for duty in the depot - the current plan attachment ready locomotives and crews to train departs from the station;

for train dispatcher - the current plan for the crossing of trains on sections of areas, including in the context of the "Windows" on the direction.

The data processor 3 via the CPU 1 sends, respectively, in arm DS, arm CNC workstation 10 TCD and arm 12 center.

In accordance with the job marshalling yard form the composition, are binding the respective locomotive and locomotive crews and send the train according to the time of sending, given the "thread" of the graph.

Depending on the real situation on the direction options traction maintenance of freight trains in the border areas can be adjusted locomotive Manager using block I/o (not shown) arm 9, Siberian branch, ways to train departure from the sorting station can be adjusted shunting Manager using block I/o (not shown) arm 11 DSC, and ways to pass trains on sites within the boundaries of the direction of train dispatcher via the block I/in the water (not shown) AWP center 12.

Any adjustment in automatic mode are displayed on the graphic display unit display of each participant in the control room shift. This allows real-time Manager of the district management in real-time to control the formation of a train, its respective locomotive and the locomotive crew to the time of dispatch of trains from the station set selected "strings" current schedule, the departure of the train from the station and passing over sections of the directions according to the approved schedule.

When the processor 1, using data from a single base 2, at the level of train routes in General, in automatic mode provides:

- coordination of the marshalling yard directions with areas for the current planning period;

- evaluation of the current work plan of the sorting station in cooperation with the work of railway direction for the current planning period;

- evaluation of the current plan for the crossing of trains on the sites (including schedule "Windows") railway routes;

- issuance of job AWS 11 DSC for the planning period (the formation of the teams and departure of trains from the station);

- issuance of job workstation 9 TSC for the planning period by assigning locomotives to trains in marshalling article is ncii;

- issuance of job workstation 10 TCD on work crews and locomotives in the area of management;

- issuance of job workstation 12 center sections on the passage of trains in the direction for the planning period based on the schedule of "Windows".

Thus, the proposed method allows a single control room changing in real-time coherent control of train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction, to verify the execution of the current plan processing magnopotamion at the sorting station, the train departure from the sorting station to attach to the compositions of locomotives and locomotive crews according to the time of sending, given "thread" actual graphics, promotion of trains on sites in terms of repairs.

1 control Method of train operation of freight trains on schedule, train direction, namely, that the control of train operation carried out on the basis of a single control room shift, first for each marshalling yard directions model ashtavakrasana freight trains on the directions and appointments on the day, for each structure choose the appropriate free "thread" actual schedule and model ways to ensure trains locomotive is mi and locomotive crews, then for each model trains with the current position in the direction of carry out a simulation pass trains on sections of the directions, and then taking into account the current situation on the direction for each model structure choose the appropriate options for the locomotive and the locomotive crew and attach them to the selected "string" current schedule, according to the simulation results at the sorting station form part of, are bound to the composition of the respective locomotive and locomotive crews and send the train according to the time of sending, given "thread" actual graphics, and real-time control of processes of formation of the train, binding to the respective locomotive and locomotive crews, the departure of the train from the station and passing over sections of the directions according to the approved schedule.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the formation of models ashtavakrasana freight trains in the direction of perform in the automated mode the automated workplace shunting Manager, unified dispatch change based on the approach of trains to the station yard from various directions, the cars at the station and agonopterix with approaches thereto, processing volumes vaginaphoto is in the station itself considering skipping transit trains based on the current plan schedule.

3. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that the modeling options for trains locomotives operate in an automated mode the automated workplace of the duty depot single dispatcher change based on the availability of locomotives in the depot and station data on the mileage of each locomotive and the timing of its maintenance, as well as the length and weight of trains.

4. The method according to p. 3, characterized in that on the automated workplace of the locomotive Manager, unified dispatch change based on the approach of each locomotive with sales with regard to its mileage and maintenance provide podsypku locomotives reserve at the station to ensure trains locomotives on the selected "thread" actual graph.

5. The method according to p. 4, characterized in that the modeling options for locomotives locomotive crews carried out in the automated mode the automated workplace of the duty depot single dispatcher change based on the availability of locomotive crews on the station and in the rest home, as well as taking into account "poselki" locomotive crews passengers on a marshalling yard.

6. The method according to p. 5, characterized in that the simulation passes all trains on sections of the directions in automated mode is syshestvyut on automated workplace train dispatcher single dispatcher change based on the arrival of trains at junction stations with neighboring destinations the departure of trains from the station yard and maintenance work on the railway direction.

7. The method according to p. 6, wherein the automated workplace of the Manager area control of a single control room shift taking into account the real situation on the direction of choose from for each model structure options for the provision of the locomotive and the locomotive crew to attach them to the selected "thread" actual schedule and subsequent monitoring in real time of the formation of the train, binding to the composition of the respective locomotive and locomotive crews, the departure of the train from the station, his passing over sections of the directions according to the approved schedule.

8. The method according to p. 7, characterized in that the formation processes of the train, binding to the composition of the respective locomotive and locomotive crews, the departure of the train from the station, passing over sections of the directions according to the approved schedule display in the appropriate form on the graphic display workstation for each participant in a single control room shift Manager area control.



 

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2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, particularly, to control over yards operation. Proposed system comprises computer-aide workstation of management operator including processor, I/O unit, display, memory unit, data processing and generation unit. Yard operation simulation unit comprises unit to train scanning unit, unit to select order of train breaking-up, unit select the order of cars accumulation, unit to simulate the departure of made-up trains, unit to calculate operating performances of yards and freight stations for past period. Said processor is connected via server and data transmission system with software-hardware devices of control system of said yards and stations, traffic control system, dispatcher center and interfaces. The latter are connected to freight train approach transducers mounted at tracks and to software-hardware devices of rolling stock diagnostics centers.

EFFECT: accelerated car traffic.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to suspended way. Cargo-and-passenger suspended way comprises two building of end stations located at opposite banks of water barrier. Building of said end stations are interconnected by two and more load bearing ropes and two and more hauling ropes with suspended supports. Every said building has accumulating parking with suspended platforms secured at carriages with support wheels, in quantity corresponding to that of bearing ropes, and splittable clamp arranged at said carried, their number and size corresponding to hauling ropes. Parking has two and more levels for car entry-exit connected with highway. Aforesaid buildings are equipped with extra intermittent-action loader to transfer platforms with cars and passenger cars with passengers on to bearing ropes.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances.

5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to conveying systems. Proposed conveying system comprises, at least, one conveying structure stretched in span of foundations and composed of encased power drive to roll wheels fitted on said structure making two conveying lines to carry loaded and empty carriers. Invention relates also to method of configuring string-type comprising mounting anchor masts on foundation, suspending and stretching, at least, one power drive there between, locking power drive ends in said anchor masts, and locking it relative of casing with rolling surface that make conveying structure for motion of wheeled means. Proposed method and device feature optimum distance H between top and bottom structures, optimum ratio between H and maximum height h of carriers, as well as optimum stretching forces.

EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, decreased metal input.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multifunctional transport complex. Transport multimodal complex includes railway line with railtrack for railway transport and automotive flyover mounted on pillars, parkings for cars with acceleration/deceleration lane. The complex is additionally provided with ropeways with spots for passenger loading/unloading and marine wharfs of local passenger lines which are connected by passages mounted at different levels on pillars with preserving dimensions under them to let traffic of various transport facilities. Levels of overground passages are connected both with logistic linking sites equipped with lifts and escalators and with marine wharfs located parallel to each other along the shoreline. The complex is provided with bus service stops, platforms for railway passengers, car parkings and spots for loading/unloading passengers of municipal ropeways. All entrances and exits of the complex are equipped with automatic pay-gates with single access system.

EFFECT: enhanced complex functionality and performance.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: railway station protective platform gate 11 comprises set of supports 13 making multiple gateways there between, horizontal beam 17 jointed with top sections of said supports 13, set of sliding doors 15 arranged between said supports 13 to close said gates. Note here that said sliding doors may displace horizontally relative to said supports to make passage through said gates. Invention relates also to method of control over said protective door system 11. Said method comprises defining position whereat train stops relative to optimum stop line, controlling said sliding doors independently of each other to make passage in compliance with the doors of said train cars.

EFFECT: access to cars at unspecified train stops.

23 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises traffic on railway comprising two equally spaced apart tracks. Rolling stock unit may run on nearby or distant rails of different tracks. Rolling stock unit features overall dimensions that allow it to run inside rolling stock unit and to allow passage of rolling stock unit there inside.

EFFECT: higher safety and efficiency, longer life.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises low-capacity hump with decelerators, breakup yard with hold-down braking positions connected with departure yard, central station computer system to control train breaking-up on low-capacity hump and breakup yard tracks, and computer system of peripheral station to control hold-down braking positions on breakup yard and departure yard tracts. Hold-down braking positions of breakup yard are arranged at the end of every track with preset length on downgrade sufficient for free roll-down of cars while mounted axle counters are mounted at entrance of every breakup yard track and end of every break-down braking position.

EFFECT: comprehensive operation of shunting.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transportation systems.

SUBSTANCE: some spherical surface, i.e. a planet, is covered with wave linear path of a sinusoidal form along which a vehicle can move. Upper portion of this linear path ie equipped with platforms for vehicle parking in a horizontal position. The linear path comprises concrete rail ties or plates and 5 rails: right, left, middle, electric drive and holdup. Such vehicle comprises 2 semi-wagons coupled by a hookup. Cargo or passenger unit can be wither simple or wide-body, either 1 or 2-level. There is a swiveling device on the vehicle roof. The system includes wagon unit circuit providing wagon code when it passes under a receiver located at the linear path. The system also includes path locking unit, pass permit unit, path tags unit, central station unit, switch unit, vehicle control unit, vehicle recording unit, switch control unit, and signal retransmission unit.

EFFECT: increase of transportation system speed and capacity, long service life and safety operation.

15 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device for implementing method f movement, including starting of vehicle, and free sliding of vehicle along inclined guide, i.e. acceleration using inertia laws, movement along horizontal section and braking on rising section till inertia forces are reduced to zero, and gripping of vehicle by stop device with its fixing at terminal station and further displacement to initial position for backward movement, consists of combination supports including two parts, namely, stone base and metal truss supporting guide rigidly connected to truss. Guide is made in form of bowl or convex spatial beam and is coated with fluoroplastic on surface of which longitudinal holes are made which are filled with oil. Similar fluoroplastic surface of cover plate installed on bottom of car from side of guide in contact with guide goes together with bowl or beam surface. Car form is streamlined and it encloses the guide. Car is provided with two ball stops to stabilize movement, and guide is furnished with two safety limiters installed on its side surfaces higher than line of movement of ball stops. Part of guide and entire car movement zone are enclosed by curvilinear sealed semitransparent envelope in which vacuum is built on section to stop platforms at terminal stations where stop devices are mounted to grip vehicle and its fixing, lifting mechanisms to set cars in initial position and lift wells and auxiliary equipment for servicing passengers, luggage and rolling stock. Curvilinear sealed semitransparent envelope is provided with slip-off section equal in length to length of passenger platform at terminal stations.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of power, material usage, provision of high speed and no adverse effect on environment.

4 cl, 7 dwg

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