FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a belay device for controlling and blocking the rope moving inside it. The belay device for blocking the rope comprises a main housing made of two flat plates arranged opposite each other in parallel planes and connected to each other by means of several fastening elements, a rope intended for insertion inside the housing between two plates, a snaphook, at that the device has an opening for attachment to the device housing of the snaphook by passing it through the opening, characterised in that the snaphook is attachable to the user and is made with the ability to move along the opening between the positions non-blocking and blocking the rope and vice versa, at that the movement of the snaphook in the blocking position occurs due to the tension of the rope.
EFFECT: present invention is directed to improvement of reliability and safety.
11 cl, 5 dwg
The technical field
The invention relates to a safety device for regulating and blocking moving inside the ropes.
Under the "safety device" means a safety device used mainly in climbing equipment, but not only, by means of which the first climber controls and blocks holding the rope used to belay the second climber.
These devices, known in the field of mountaineering as a "safety device", can be used as on-site mountaineering and climbing wall, and help in case of danger to ensure the safety of the climber, blocking secure the rope to which it is attached, thus preventing his fall.
In fact, these devices are typically used to belay climbing wall climber companion on earth, in the field called "insurance", which prevents free fall of the climber with a safety device in case, if during the ascent, the climber will make a mistake with the consequent loss of grip hands.
This technique is known as "insurance lead climber" in which the lead climber, starting to rise, insured companion on earth, namely insurance, with the help of the safety device, which in the event of an accident can block attached to the climber holding the rope. While the climber attaches the rope to one or more ring located at the climbing wall, during a gradual ascent.
Also known other safety device that is capable of blocking holding the rope in case of an accident, in particular, when the belayer can also perform its function while on a climbing wall.
For example, can be applied to the device to belay the second climber. In this case, the lead climber on the climbing wall acts as a belayer and using a safety device controls the holding rope to which is attached a climbing wall below the second climber. In the case when the second climber loses his grip hands, belay device, attached to the top climber, provides the block holding the ropes, preventing thereby the fall of his companion.
It is also well known how to use these devices as a trigger device, in other words, for the descent to overcome the wall. In fact, the climber, bearing mounted thereon a device that uses the ability of a safety device for blocking moving inside the ropes and subsequent regulation is aniu the speed of descent suitable means, in the case of the supply of devices, or just manually changing the friction force acting on the rope in the device.
The level of technology
Known safety devices regulate the movement of the rope and block it by means of braking, usually creating friction. Thus, it is possible to regulate the movement, slowing or blocking the movement of the rope and thus preventing the fall of the insured of the climber.
Known manually operated device or a semiautomatic device, which in case of an accident with a sudden tension on the rope due to the fall of the climber automatically locks into the emergency position, in which the rope is blocked.
In manually operated devices, on the contrary, in the case of the fall of man, with an attached device for insurance partner at the climbing wall must manually move holding the rope in the position in which the device could slow its movement and to carry out blocking.
For example, a managed manually belay device DOUBLE V-ROW, commercially available "Aludesign SpA company, equipped with a nozzle convenient form, the body of which the rope is held firmly in the case of a falling climber. Special hull shape allows you to create friction of the rope, thereby limiting the force required to lock the rope hand is th man ensuring the safety of the fall of his companion.
This type of safety device despite its cheapness provides a level of security and efficiency of blocking pitches, depending on experience and professionalism using the device of the person, i.e., insuring, ensuring the safety of companion. In addition, after reaching the position of blocking pitches, the user must firmly to keep the rope in his hand, preventing its movement in the body and thereby making the blocking of the rope by friction.
Semi-automatic or effect a safety device is the model GRI-GRI model", manufactured by campaign Petzl company".
This device is equipped with an eccentric Cam, around which passes the restraining rope. A Cam attached to the structure of the device can be rotated so that in the event of an accident, when subject to insurance climber falls, the tension holding the rope will cause rotation of the Cam in the locking position. In this position, the Cam pulls holding the rope between itself and the fixed surface of the device. The device also has an arm, allowing the achievement of the provisions of the lock to adjust the level of braking, carrying a small rotation of the Cam in the opposite of the one direction relative to the direction, providing tension on the rope to lock it. For example, use the handle when the device is used as a trigger device for regulating the speed of descent, partially blocking the rope.
Describes a safety device, which is essentially a semi-automatic device type, provides a higher level of security compared with a controlled manually by the device, since the achievement of blocking the rope position occurs automatically due to the tension holding the rope with the weight of the falling down of the climber.
However, to ensure efficient operation of both manual and automatic devices require holding the rope in a predetermined position by the person applying the device to insure another climber.
In fact, both ends of the rope, incoming and outgoing from the device, in order to avoid any problems with achievement of blocking the rope provisions should be maintained in the correct position relative to the device.
Automatic devices are not particularly reliable when using the arm when required partial exemption rope.
The task of the invention to provide a safety device which guarantees a high level of reliability when locking the retaining cords at any at is the condition of use and with controlled size and weight.
In particular, the device according to the present invention is a hand-held or effect type and provides automatic blocking of the rope after the sudden strengthening of the tension caused by the fall of the insured climber and the user (insurance), holding in one hand the free end of the rope.
An additional challenge is overcoming the problems of the known semi-automatic devices, in particular the improvement of safety and reliability, when blocking pitches, and its subsequent partial exemption, for example, when you want to give part of the rope insured climber or when the device is used as the trigger.
An additional object of the invention is to develop a safety device capable of blocking pitches when the user unintentionally wrong it enters.
An additional objective of this invention to provide a safety device for the implementation of blocking pitches.
Disclosure of inventions
A safety device for locking the rope according to the present invention contains a main body made of two preferably located in parallel planes of flat plates fastened together multiple fasteners, preference is sustained fashion four spaced pins.
The rope is introduced into the housing of the device, optionally containing an attached carabiner through the hole in the housing of the device.
The carabiner clip allows you to secure the safety device of the user and configured to move along the hole between nonblocking rope position, which is the condition of normal use, and an emergency position in which the rope is blocked, and Vice versa.
The shape of the hole divided by at least one protrusion into two areas, however, when the carabiner is located in the first area, the device is in non-blocking rope condition, and when the carabiner is located in the second area, the unit is in an alarm state in which the rope is locked.
The device also includes means to prevent accidental movement of the rifle along the holes, preferably representing a movable arm mounted by means of the spring opposite the ledge separating the loop holes. For this reason, the movable lever prevents accidental movement of the carabiner from the first plot holes in the second plot holes and Vice versa.
To lock the rope in an emergency situation, the device comprises at least one blocking element, which together with carabiner creates it is possible friction.
In fact, when the carabiner is located in the second section of the hole, the rope is blocked due to its friction between the carbine and the blocking element.
The special shape of the holes of the plates forming the housing of the device, in particular, the presence of ledge, helps to protect your device from accidental and unwanted blocking of the rope or emergency condition during normal operation.
In fact, the supply device of a movable lever prevents movement of the rifle along the hole, eliminating the risk of accidental transfer of nonblocking rope position to the emergency position, in which the rope is blocked, and Vice versa.
Additionally, as noted above, the safety device can also work as a trigger device, guaranteeing used in this way, high reliability and security.
Unlike traditional automatic safety devices in the device according to the invention has no arms or similar means for the regulation of blocking pitches, for example, when descending from the wall. In fact, a partial exemption of the rope is only the movement of the hand on the device, this avoids the problems, for example, using the arm for the implementation of such action.
More the features and advantages of the present invention will be better understood from the further description with reference to the drawings.
Brief description of drawings
In Fig.1 shows a safety device according to the present invention, a perspective view;
in Fig.2 - introduction restraint rope inside a safety device according to the present invention;
in Fig.3 - attach the carabiner to a safety device according to the present invention;
in Fig.4 - a safety device according to the present invention in a non-blocking holding the rope condition, perspective view;
in Fig.5 - a safety device according to the present invention in disrepair or in a state of blocking the restraining ropes, perspective view.
The implementation of the invention
As shown in Fig.1, a safety device according to a preferred variant of its implementation contains the main body 1, consisting of two flat plates 2 and 3 are fastened together multiple fasteners 4-7.
Flat plates 2 and 3 are similar to one another and made of a metal material having high mechanical properties and low weight.
Plate bonded to one another so that between them is formed a space for passing passing inside the ropes.
In the form shown in the drawings, the embodiment of the invention, the plates preferably lie in two PA is allelic planes and tightened by four spaced pins 4-7, made from metal material. As shown in Fig.1, in the housing of the safety device is made the hole 8, the contour of which has a certain form, through which, as will be described more below, the device may be in the first non-blocking rope condition in which it can move freely, or the second locking the rope or emergency condition.
The shape of the hole 8 on both plates 2 and 3 has a protruding section formed by the protrusion 20, the separating hole 8 on the two respective section 21 and 22, and the first section 21 is under the ledge 20 and second section 22 above the ledge 20.
Both bonded to one another, the plates 2 and 3 form the housing 1 of the device, the side surface of which is partially closed by a plastic covering section 9 having an appropriate shape to place on the side surface of the device body so as to close the space between the two plates.
As shown in Fig.1, section 11 of the side surface of the device open for access restraint rope 10, which is injected into the device in the space between the two plates 2 and 3.
In Fig.2 shows the operation of the rope 10 in the device. In particular, holding a rope attached U-shaped for insertion through the opening 11 of the outer side p of the surface of the device until until it reaches the bottom of the housing, as shown in Fig.3.
The rope 10 must be correctly entered into the device, so that the end 10A, i.e., the end that passes over the stud 4, was attached to the insured climber, and the end 10b, passing over the pins 5 and 6 and which is the free end of the rope, gradually moved in the device, while the climber ascends the wall.
The correct operation of the safety device according to the present invention provides the use of the carbine 15 or equivalent connector, which is attached to the device after entering the holding rope, as described previously with reference to Fig.2.
As shown in Fig.3, a conventional carabiner clip 15 is attached to the body 1 of the device, letting it open through the opening 8 in the housing of the device.
Carbine 15 performs the double function of holding the device on the user (hedges), hedges of the second climber in the event of a fall, and additionally interacting with the device itself to ensure blocking of the rope.
In other words, there is no need for additional hooks or equivalent means for attaching the device according to the invention to the user, insuring companion.
As will be understood, in particular, the description of the operation of the device, carabiner clip 15 attached to the device by carrying capacity, the project through the opening 8, can be moved along the opening between the first section 21 and second section 22, and Vice versa. When the rifle is in the first area 21 of the hole 8, as shown in Fig.4, the device is in the blocking of the rope condition, in other words, in the normal state in which the rope may be freely held within the housing 1 of the device.
When the rifle is in the second section 22 of the hole 8, as shown in Fig.5, the device is in an alarm condition and the rope is locked, thereby preventing its movement.
A safety device is semi-automatic only if the user holds in one hand and loose rope, i.e., its free end. If the insured climber falls, the user (belayer) holds in one hand the free end of the rope and carabiner 15 automatically snaps into locking position. In fact, in the event of a fall, the end 10A, after the rope is subjected to tension, exerted force to the rifle, causing it to move along the hole 8 of the first section 21 and second section 22, whereby the device goes into alarm state, and subsequent movement of the rope is prevented.
Inside the housing 1 a safety device, i.e., within the space bounded by two plates 2 and 3, installed interlocking the first element 12 and a means for preventing accidental movement of the carabiner 15 of nonblocking rope position to the emergency position and Vice versa.
The blocking element 12 is secured in position on the pins 5 and 6 and is the element that provides together with carabiner 15 blocking pitches, when the rifle is moved to the second section 22 of the hole 8 due to the tension of the rope caused by the fall of the insured climber, and that the user (the insurer). hold the free end 10A of the rope. As shown in Fig.1, on the surface of the blocking element 12 in contact with the rope, made a V-shaped notch 45 or equivalent element for increasing the friction created on the rope to more effectively carry out its blocking.
In particular, as seen in Fig.5, when the device is in the blocking of the rope 10, the rope is located between the blocking element 12 and 15 carbine, located in the second section 22 of the hole 8. The movement of the rope 10 is blocked due to friction carabiner clip 15, which is pressed against the blocking element 12 when the tension on the rope 10.
Means for preventing accidental movement of the carabiner 15 is a movable arm 13 mounted to rotate on the end of the blocking element 12. In particular, the lever attached to the blocking element 12 by a spring, not shown in the drawings.
Spring loaded so as to exert pressure on the movable arm 13 DL the location opposite the tab 20 in the hole 8.
In other words, pre-loading of the spring will determine the rotation of the lever 13 so that the latter was located in the Central part of the device.
The lever prevents movement of the carabiner 15 of the first section 21 and second section 22 of the hole and Vice versa, affecting only a rope, or only on the carbine.
When the device is in non-blocking of the rope 10 and the carabiner 15 is in the first area 21 of the hole 8 (the position shown in Fig.4), the movable arm 13 by pre-loading the spring presses on the site 10C rope and carabiner 15 so that the latter will be under the ledge 20, which prevents its movement along the hole 8.
Thus, the person to which is attached a device that can keep the rope moving inside the device without the risk of accidental movement of the carabiner 15 in the second position 22, the blocking of the rope.
Pre-loading of the spring is such that under normal conditions it prevents accidental movement of the carabiner 15.
In emergency conditions, the force applied tight rope 10 to 15 carbine, capable of exceeding exerted by the spring pre-loading, moving the movable arm 13 to provide moving carbine 15 along the holes 8 to achieve the blocks of the respective rope position in the second area 22 (Fig.5).
After the location of the carbine in the second section 22 to lock the rope 10 is movable lever 13 is released, returning to the position in which it is located opposite the protrusion 20 of the hole 8. If necessary, return the device in non-blocking rope condition, the user can manually move the device so that the carabiner 15 moved along the hole 8 of the second section 22 in the first section 21.
To perform this operation must be created such force that exceeds a pre-loading spring rolling lever to cause, so its temporary movement and to prevent movement of the carabiner 15 to tab 20. After returning carbine 15 in the first section 21 in nonblocking rope lever again occupies the position in which it is located opposite the tab 20 to prevent accidental movement of the rifle in the blocking position during the new stage of the application.
As described above with reference to Fig.2 and 3, the rope 10 must be properly inserted into the device. If the rope is incorrect, in other words, when the end 10b, passed over the studs 5 and 6, attached to the insured climber, and the end 10A is a free, belay device according to the present invention is able in any case to ensure that blocking is their rope and prevent the fall of the insured of the climber.
Indeed, as shown in the drawings, the upper portion of the plates 2 and 3 on pin 4 has a recess 50 on each of them to ensure blocking of the rope when it was introduced inside the device correctly.
In case of a fall insured climber incorrectly mounted thereon, the end 10b is stretched, but the device snaps into place in the emergency state or in any case not be able to create such friction to ensure the blocking of the rope.
Under the action of the tension caused by the weight of the falling climber, the free end 10A of the rope tends alone or in any case under the influence of a user standing partner, be located so as to be in one of two recesses 50, ensuring that the friction on the rope, causing her blocking. The notches 50 are of the proper form in order to facilitate the location inside of them end 10A of the rope and to create sufficient friction to implement the block.
However, it is necessary to clarify that the notches 50 ensures the blocking of the rope provided by incorrect use, which should not be preferable shown on the drawings variant, according to which the end 10A of the rope passing over the pin 4, is an end attached to the insured climber.
the purpose of the explanation here will be described the working phases of a safety device according to the invention in the case when the device is applied to cover the first climber of the associated rope group. As noted earlier, this technique assumes that the person on the land or on the climbing wall with the device attached carabiner 15, will insure the first climber ascending the wall.
First of all people on earth must enter the rope in the device and lock carabiner by passing it through the hole 8, as described above with reference to Fig.2 and 3.
Then people on earth secures the device on himself in nonblocking rope condition by fixing carbine 15 on your seat belt or a special tape that is normally used in the equipment of the climber.
The purpose of man on earth is to provide for the gradual movement of the retaining rope inside the device, when the climber ascends, i.e. in ensuring the movement of the free end 10b inside the device for its submission to the climber is attached to the end 10A.
Man on earth provides the climber with a rope, applying a known method lies in the cessation of holding in one hand a safety device and using the hands to regulatory sections of rope above and below the device, i.e. the free end 10b and the end 10A used insurable climber.
In case of an emergency, i.e., in the fall insured climber, people on earth holds loose the rope, i.e., its free end 10b, and the device due to the force transmitted stretched the rope to the carabiner, automatically switches to the blocking state by moving carbine 15 along the hole 8.
In fact, when the climber weakens the grip, resulting in the fall, attached to the end 10A of the rope is stretched due to the weight of the climber. This sudden increase in tension of the attached end of the rope moves carbine 15 along the holes 8 under the force transmitted by the rope, trying to exit the device.
The force developed by the rope when the tension is sufficient to overcome the opposing force of the spring movable arm 13, whereby the carabiner 15 is moved to the second section 22 in locking the rope position. In particular, the cord is located between the blocking element 12 and 15 carbine.
Thus, the rope is blocked primarily due to its friction between the element 12 and 15 carbine.
In an emergency situation, for the partial weakening of the rope can be lowered her friction between 15 carbine and a locking element 12. For implementation of this operation the device has no arms or similar de is Aley, as in conventional devices.
The user operates the device manually using the groove 30, is made on the section of plastic material 9, the moving body 1 of the device in the direction shown by the arrow F in Fig.5.
It should be noted that the groove 30 contributes to this capture, which reduces the friction of the rope when the device is in the blocking condition, and is intended to further regulate the movement of the rope with the manual movement of the device in the direction of the arrow F, in other words, in order to limit the friction of the rope located between the blocking element 12 and 15 carbine. Pressure is applied manually on the groove 30 on the merits is the rotation of the device to the free end 10b of the rope (Fig.5), causing a reduction in friction of the rope between the blocking element 12 and 15 carbine.
Adjustable movement of the rope used when the device is in the blocking position, for example when it is desirable to give a little rope a fallen climber, again caught hold of the rope, or if the device is used as a trigger device.
Manual action of the user with the device under tension rope actually will move a fixed blocking element 12 relative to the carabiner 15 essentially pre is her position. Thus, rotation of the blocking element 12 relative to the carabiner 15 modifies the friction force acting on the rope, causing her moving.
Depending on the movement by the user of the device can be obtained managed, more or less noticeable movement of the rope.
Undoubtedly, it should be understood that it is possible to attach more than one device according to the present invention so that they are adjacent to each other in one plate.
1. A safety device for locking the rope (10), containing the main body (1) made of two flat plates (2, 3) located opposite one another, preferably in parallel planes and joined together by means of several fastening elements (4-7), the rope (10) intended for introduction into the body (1) between two plates (2, 3), carbine (15), where the device has a hole (8) for attaching to the device, carabiner clip (15) by passing it through the hole (8), characterized in that the strap (15) is attached to the user and configured to move along the hole (8) between non-blocking and blocking the rope provisions and Vice versa, and the motion of the rifle (15) in a blocking situation occurs due to the tension of the rope.
2. Belay device under item 1, otlichayas the same time, the shape of the hole (8) has one or more protrusion (20) dividing the circuit into the first and second sections (21, 22) with carabiner (15) when it is in non-blocking of the rope (10) position is located in the first section (21), and when it is blocking the rope (10) position is located in the second section (22).
3. Belay device under item 1, characterized in that it contains means (13) to prevent accidental unwanted motion carbine (15) of the non-blocking rope in the blocking position of the rope position and Vice versa.
4. The safety device according to p. 2, characterized in that it contains means (13) to prevent accidental unwanted motion carbine (15) of the non-blocking rope in the blocking position of the rope position and Vice versa.
5. The safety device according to p. 3, characterized in that the means (13) to prevent accidental movement of the rifle (15) includes a movable lever (13) and spring setting lever opposite the ledge (20) holes (8), so that the movable arm (13) prevents accidental movement of the carabiner (15) of the first section (21) of the hole (8) in the second section (22) of the hole (8) and Vice versa.
6. The safety device according to p. 4, characterized in that the means (13) to prevent accidental movement of the rifle (15) includes a movable lever (13) and p is dinner, setting the lever in front of the ledge (20) holes (8), so that the movable arm (13) prevents accidental movement of the carabiner (15) of the first section (21) of the hole (8) in the second section (22) of the hole (8) and Vice versa.
7. The safety device according to any one of paragraphs.1-6, characterized in that it contains at least one blocking element (12), when the carabiner (15) installed in the second section (22) of the hole (8) in the blocking of the rope, rope (10) is located between carbine (15) and the locking element (12).
8. The safety device according to p. 7, characterized in that at least one blocking element (12) has a recess (45).
9. The safety device according to any one of paragraphs.1-6, 8, characterized in that on the upper part of each of the plates (2, 3) around the fastening element (4) made the recess (50).
10. The safety device according to p. 7, characterized in that on the upper part of each of the plates (2, 3) around the fastening element (4) made the recess (50).
11. Belay device, characterized in that it contains two or more devices under item 1, fastened together and attached to each other at least one of the plates.
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the means which enable people to escape or draw attention to themselves when in contact with the snow avalanche. The device for self-escaping of people in the snow avalanche comprises an avalanche cord, a signal cartridge and a parachute. At that the signal cartridge, the parachute and the avalanche cord are connected in series with each other.
EFFECT: invention is directed at the salvation of a person when in contact with an avalanche by preventing its covering with the avalanche material - snow, ice, and removal of a person out of the avalanche flow to the surface of the snowdrift.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for chuting people and cargo under action of gravity, in particular to life saving equipment for self-evacuation during fires and for descending mountain-rescue men and spidermen. Device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes includes body, flexible load carrier made as resilient steel band placed on drum, movable and immovable pins between which the load carrier is moved. According to the invention the device contains speed limiter located between two immovable pins and consisting of plank set on axis, right and left pins located on the plank at different sides from axis, rod with piston which rod is shifted down by left pin, spring squeezed by piston and bolt serving to adjust spring flexibility. To stabilise speed the device additionally contains a gear set transmitting rotation from drum to gear wheel interacting via balancer axis with pendulum and pendulum weight, herewith the balancer can also be of spring type.
EFFECT: improved safety of device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes at constant speed in automatic braking mode.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: this device comprises the following components: cylinder body, plunger reciprocating therein and including piston rod extending inside cylinder body to make the cylinder with body, mechanical extending assembly with at least one element of the set composed by cylinder, rod and lock with individual drive at assembly for mechanical setting of design length of the device required for application of the cylinder.
EFFECT: perfected design.
19 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: each passenger and crew member is supplied with short-term exposure self-contained breathing apparatus, which are located at the place of location of the passenger or crew member, the pneumatic circuit is mounted along the deck handrails with the compressed air; the branch pipes of the pneumatic circuit with pneumatic valves are made at each output gate; the wardrobes with cocoon-overalls are mounted at the latter; in case of a sudden sinking of watercraft every citizen, using the breathing apparatus, gets to the nearest wardrobe with cocoon-overalls and puts it on himself, as well as on the child, if any; opens the gate; attaches the trunk of the cocoon-overall to the branch pipes of the pneumatic circuit and switches on the pneumatic valve; the cocoon-overall is filled with compressed air and by comparing the pressure in it and in the pneumatic circuit it unlocks the trunk of the cocoon-overall, and the latter with the fleeing citizen flows to the surface of the water reservoir, where remains afloat until his radio beacon is heard by rescuers and the cocoon-overall is detected with its bright phosphorescent colour; a fleeing citizen is not threatened to death from cold water, because he is protected from all sides with compressed air layer.
EFFECT: increasing reliability of application of means of citizen rescue from the sunken watercraft.
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire and rescue vehicle comprising automobile chassis with a support-rotating platform on which the telescopic boom is located, consisting of sections, at the end of the last of them a cradle is mounted, besides this a telescopic ladder with fencing is located, which sections are adjacent to the last boom section, characterised in that two rotary ramps are adjacent to the cradle symmetrically to the longitudinal axis of the telescoping boom, which are pivotally mounted on the last section of the telescopic ladder, at that each ramp has a slide section with a mechanism of extension in the form of a pair "tooth wheel-rack" and the pivot arm, at that the tooth wheel is provided with a spring clamp, and the fencing of the ramps and slide sections is made of hingedly mounted railing of tubular section, which handrails enter into the handrails of the railing of the ramps.
EFFECT: ensuring the delivery of fire-fighters and fire extinguishing agents, as well as evacuation of people from high-rise buildings.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: device relates to the field of life-saving appliances based on the car with a basket on boom with working telescopic sections with the guide frames on their end, which are fixed on top to the transport telescopic sections of closed profile with a slot on the upper surface on the entire length, and below they are fixed to supports, inside which the spring-loaded latches are mounted for connecting the working sections between each other, also along the sides the protrusions are made for gripping sections in their lifting-descending and for fixing section on the boom. The drive of sections lifting is made in the form of two hydraulic cylinders connected with jumpers installed on the sides of the boom with the ability to be moved along its axis, is equipped with a controller of the extreme positions of the piston for positioning on the stops by a step-type drive, their rods are connected by the plate equipped with mechanisms of gripping the stops. The basket from the outside of the barrier is equipped with the lodgment for portable standalone flame retardant means and a cartridge with capsules for the descent of the injured people, equipped with grippers of the rope thrown over the block on the upper section and connected to the working and auxiliary winches. The device for quick installation and removal of capsules from the transport sections is equipped with a staple and receiver, respectively.
EFFECT: this scheme of the device by increasing the number of sections enables to reduce its length, to increase the number of floors of lifting the basket, to reduce by the use of multiple capsules the time of rescuing the injured people, and the use of fire-retardant device enables to increase the chance of their survival in the fire seat.
8 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: inflatable rescue chute of closed section comprises an outer, middle and inner airtight elastic shells separated by airtight elastic partitions into several compartments (inner and outer compartments ) with the possibility of pressure injection in each of the outer compartments of separately heated noncombustible gas or a mixture of gases, and in each of the inner compartments - of air separately with the temperature of human comfort under higher pressure but not greater than the strength of the chute material. At least one of the inner compartments in the upper part of the chute comprises an opening for discharging air into the chute, and the opening of the closed section for entry into the chute comprises a door - the valve mounted with the ability of opening and slamming from inside by air pressure. Furthermore, at least one of the inner compartments in the upper part of the chute comprises a gas valve for connecting the hose with a mouthpiece or mask for breathing, and at least one of the outer compartments in the upper part of the chute comprises a gas valve for connecting the hose to the hose nozzle.
EFFECT: invention enables to provide to the rescued people the fire protection during the descent from the altitude object inside the chute and while waiting on the altitude object for their priority of descent.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: system includes an auxiliary database which receives information recorded in a personal medical database and a device for determining vital signs and which records said information. The system also includes a unit for computing a safe condition, which computes information on safety evaluation, wherein a safe condition of a person is evaluated by comparing clinical information and information on vital signs recorded in the auxiliary database. The system includes a portable terminal which accesses medical insurance information recorded in the auxiliary database, information on safety evaluation computed by the unit for computing a safe condition, and information on vital signs and clinical information recorded in the auxiliary database. The portable terminal displays medical insurance information, information on safety evaluation, information on vital signs and clinical information.
EFFECT: enabling verification of information on safety evaluation, medical insurance information, information on vital signs and clinical information of a person to be saved using a portable terminal.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: rescue vehicle for evacuation of people from high-rise buildings comprises automobile chassis with the platform on which the technological equipment is located, as part of the lifting mechanism and the device for receiving people from the building and lowering them down. At that the technological equipment is located on the platforms of the automobile chassis and the trailer which is a part of the machine. At that the device comprises supporting stands of telescopic structure, at the ends of which the pivoting levers are placed. At that the levers of each platform are interconnected with jumpers of variable length. At that the jumpers of the levers located on the automobile platform are connected to the jumpers of the levers. At that by the device for receiving people is made of a flexible membrane consisting of at least three shock absorbing grids located one above another and having different elasticity.
EFFECT: claimed invention is aimed at improving the efficiency of the evacuation of people by reducing the height of fall, increasing the bearing surface and elasticity of the membrane.
7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: salvage operations.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to emergency evacuation devices used mainly for people's escapement dumping from buildings and equipped with a mechanic action braking mechanism. The saving device contains two similarly positioned slidewires with a swivelling hook, the fixation unit represented by a buckled belt and a braking mechanism. Slidewire allowances are accommodated inside the belt. The braking mechanism is positioned on the wires between the fixation unit and the swivelling hook. The braking mechanism is designed in the form of a separate body containing guiding channels and wedge-shaped braking elements and ensuring independent braking of the both slidewires. The slidewires are passed through flexible tubes between the braking mechanism and the slidewires outlet from the belt buckle.
EFFECT: invention enables enhancement of the saving device reliability.
11 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, in particular, apparatus for urgent descending of people in extreme situations.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier casing with member for connecting to individual to be descended, power-type descending speed regulator comprising power block embraced with cable, rotary lever and sliding friction member. Carrier casing is made in the form of semi-circle adapted for arrangement in vertical plane and is equipped with slots for passage of cable through cavities thereof, and handle. Power block embraced with cable is rigidly fixed on rotary lever positioned for angular displacement relative to axis, arrangement along generatrix of cylindrical surface of carrier casing, and is equipped with self-braking screw-type descending mechanism. Descending mechanism has power screw with flywheel positioned at one end and semi-spherical member arranged at other end of power screw for contacting with semi-spherical receptacle at end of rotary lever, and threaded opening made in carrier casing wall and extending perpendicular to descending direction.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased safety of descending of individual.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: life-saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from ablaze multi-story buildings.
SUBSTANCE: device includes pulley having body and lid. Embedded into body and lid is reel with flexible member connected thereto by one end and wound round the reel. Reel is secured to body and lid by means of fixed pins and hinges. Device also has rotary reel actuator and braking means adapted to perform operative control of reel torque. Connected to another flexible means end is safety hook. When rope unwinds from reel braking means actuates braking drum built in reel, two semi-rings located inside braking drum and cooperating with it, an joint pin and adjusting screw. Device is also provided with bandage secured to pulley body or to safety hook by shock. Shock has orifice formed as groove and is made of antifriction material. Device also includes automatic brake. The latter includes wedges, rotary disc installed in pulley body and cooperating with wedges by orifice edge, and pressing disc. Braking drum includes splines. Outer wedge surface is rounded and has radius equal to that or rotary disc orifice. Sides defining wedge have different lengths. Rotary reel actuator may rotate only in one direction.
EFFECT: increased reliability.
2 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: life saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from water surface.
SUBSTANCE: complex comprises air-borne vehicle with rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable, upper ends thereof are secured to elongated sleeves movably connected to rescuing cable. Rescuing cable is wound on reel secured to frame inside air-borne vehicle. Reel is driven with winch through gearing. Complex also has transparent inflatable rubber balloons secured to necks provided with safety hooks engaging loops of elongated sleeves connected to rescuing cable. Balloon necks are made as two containers connected one to another by threaded connection through transition member having threads on both ends thereof. One container is air-tight, filled with compressed air and has thin diaphragm. The second container has dry electric power source and light bulb with socket having longitudinal groove. Transition member comprises needle with inner channel for diaphragm piercing.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of people rescuing.
3 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: rescuing equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable through couplings, upper ones are connected to the cable through couplings movably connected to rescuing cable. Lower ends are attached to the cable through short couplings, upper ends are connected to the cable through long ones. Pieces of cable having lesser diameter are provided with protective jackets made of reinforced heat-resistance threads with sleeving made of twisted basalt fiber. Short couplings are made of metal, long ones are formed of elastic material. Air-tight container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals is connected to lower end of rescuing cable. Loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch is connected to upper end of rescuing cable.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
3 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: rescuing equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has netted bracket suspended to air-borne vehicle and having two hollow rimming rings. Upper ring has annular handrail, lower one comprises cross-piece and bottom made of metal net. Upper ring is formed of duralumin and has inner volume providing device floatability. Lower ring is made of stainless steel. Two ears are secured to cross-piece center and have orifices for blasting pin. Upper and lower rings are pivotally connected to posts formed of plates made of spring steel. Posts are connected one to another by rope bridges. Lower ring is attached to transition connection member by ropes for suspending sealed container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals and to connect rope with loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch. Connection member provides plate suspension and has orifice for blasting pin.
EFFECT: reduced time of load delivering to people subjected to an accident.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly for emergency lowering people or loads from tall objects.
SUBSTANCE: device has base with load fastening member and locking means for load lowering speed regulation secured to the base and cooperating with flexible member. The locking means is formed as rest and cam rotating around axis and having rotation lever connected thereto. Rest and cam are opposite one to another. Cam is provided with groove facing the rest. Device is also provided with limiter which prevents flexible member slipping during lowering operation and with rotary fixer having tooth installed to contact with arch-shaped groove. The groove is arranged in rotary fixer plane and bounded with rest. Angle of arch-shaped groove inclination is not less than cam stroke angle.
EFFECT: increased safety of lowering operation during device usage.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: fire fighting equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention is used in fire fighting and rescuing operation for lifting firemen and fire fighting facilities and evacuation of humans from building and structures in emergency. Proposed device contains vehicle with outriggers, lifting-and-slewing device mounted on vehicle frame, set of telescopic sections installed on lifting-and-slewing device and mechanism for telescoping the sections. Working stage is mounted on front end face of end section, and cap is installed on guides of telescopic sections. Device is furnished also with cab lifting mechanism made in form of wire rope reeved sheaves installed on cab skeleton and on front end face of end section. One end of wire rope is secured on drum of cab lifting mechanism, and the other, on balancing drum which is connected with drum of section telescopic mechanism through gear train. Bottom of cab is furnished with opening hatch for securing emergency evacuation sleeve.
EFFECT: improved safety at fire fighting and rescuing.
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly to evacuate people from multistory buildings in emergency.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises composite body with drum provided with rope and braking mechanism arranged in the body. Braking mechanism comprises gear ring having odd number of projections formed on inner drum rim, wedge-like double-armed pendulum, pendulum guides and members adapted to prevent resilient rebounding of pendulum in its extreme positions. The pendulum may reciprocate into the guides.
EFFECT: increased breaking reliability and simplified device structure.
FIELD: rescue equipment for helicopter cargo hoisting system.
SUBSTANCE: proposed rescue system includes cylindrical container, container retainers mounted on helicopter, winch and communication facilities for rescuers. Container has doorway and swivel panels with cone-shaped members at the ends. Rope of winch is secured to top of cone-shaped member of container. Container is provided with ballast weight mounted on side opposite to doorway. Helicopter is provided with instrument for measuring the mass and sensor engageable with winch rope; indicator of mass measuring device is mounted in pilot cabin. Rescue system is provided with rope cutter for release of container in an emergency.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability due to control of loading the container.
2 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly equipment for emergency people group evacuation from elevated location.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises evacuation capsule provided with parachute and guiding means arranged at an angle one to another and adapted to support the capsule. The evacuation capsule has door openings, seats, seat safety belts, air bags and windows. The capsule also has self-braking system. Part of capsule bottom is made as anchoring plate, which may be removed from the capsule and lowered by ropes. In concordance with the second embodiment the capsule is provided with winch to pull ropes, which connect the capsule with the anchoring plate. In the third embodiment the device also has winch with pulls ropes connecting the capsule with the anchoring panel. In another embodiment device comprises air sleeve secured to guiding ropes and connected with evacuation capsule from the first end and with fan from the second end thereof. During fan operation the capsule moves out by filling the sleeve with air. The evacuation capsule, air sleeve and fan are installed in land-based structure. The capsule is provided with parachute and self-braking system. Methods of emergency evacuation from elevated locations and from television tower with the use of above device are also disclosed.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of emergency large people group evacuation.
10 cl, 11 dwg