Decorative composite element
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a decorative element. The decorative element comprises two panels arranged at the distance from each other, which are substantially oriented in parallel, besides, at least one of panels is at least partially permeable for visible light, and multiple decorative stones located between panels, besides, between panels (2, 3) there is a device (4), serving for fixation of position of decorative stones (6), besides, in the device (4) of position fixation there are compartments (5), in each one there is only one decorative stone (6), at the same time both panels (2, 3) directly adjoin compartments (5), besides, walls of compartments (5) are perpendicular to panels (2, 3).
EFFECT: development of a decorative element, in which decorative stones may be arranged between panels by a technically simple method with desired positioning, besides, unintential exit of a decorative stone from a decorative element must be prevented, as well as sliding of decorative stones within a large space.
22 cl, 2 dwg
The invention relates to a decorative element, containing two spaced apart essentially parallel oriented panel, and at least one of the panels is at least partially permeable to visible light, and many are located between the panels of decorative stones, and between panels is a device, which serves for fixing the position of decorative stones, and device fixing the position has branches, each of which has only one decorative stone
For optical scenery of premises known location of decorative elements between the panels, at least one of the panels is at least partially permeable to visible light, so that, on the one hand, to protect the decorative elements from external influences, and on the other hand, by combining decorative elements with panels to create a decorative element, which in turn is optically attractive and suitable for decoration. Due to this arrangement of decorative elements between, for example, two glass panels may also decoration of doors, cabinets, doors or Windows, in which there are such glass panels.
In document EP 0240584 A1 shows a method of manufacturing a decorative ostalnyh glass panels, between the two glass panels is a layer of adhesive, in which the purpose of decoration introduced impurities such as pieces of glass. Along with the necessary glue is applied onto a larger surface, it was found that the positioning of the decorative elements between the glass panels can only insufficiently. In particular, these decorative elements it is difficult to display images, such as ornaments. Another disadvantage is that once the fixed location of the pasted decorative elements can no longer be separated.
In the document GB 2446242 shown decorative plate that includes two glass panels, between which is located the mounting device, with the mounting device includes locking elements in the form of protrusions, which are clamped decorative stones. The drawback to this is that for clamping high requirements to accuracy of manufacturing the mounting device, to the same location of decorative stones in the locking elements must be individually costly way.
The document GB 2360742 is decorative plate containing two spaced apart glass panels between glass panels by means of glue at rivalda glass beads. Between glass panels are also wire through which placed glass beads create a certain image. Wire designed exclusively for coarse separation of decorative stones. The positioning and fixing of decorative stones with the separation of the wires is impossible, because of what decorative stones should stay on the glass panels with glue.
Object of the invention is to provide a decorative element, containing two spaced apart essentially parallel oriented panel that contains many located between the panels of decorative stones and decorative stones can be placed between the panels technically simple manner with the desired positioning, and must be prevented the accidental release of decorative stone decorative element or slide decorative stones within a large space.
This problem is solved by using a decorative element with signs of paragraph 1 of the claims.
At least one of the panels is at least partially permeable to visible light. This panel forms thus a visible side of the decorative element, which can be visible decorative stones, loc is defined between oriented essentially parallel to each other panels. But, of course, can also be provided that both panels are at least partially permeable to visible light, making decorative stones can be seen from both sides and therefore possibly more independent application of the invention a decorative item as a decorative design element. The "semi-permeable" means that the panel is completely transparent, or colored, or translucent and colorless or colored and have a certain opacity.
At least partially permeable to visible light panel together with residing at a distance from it and located essentially parallel to the panel fixation position located between the panels of decorative stones in the direction perpendicular to the panels. If now be placed between the panels a lot of decorative stones, due to this it is impossible to prevent shifting or sliding in a direction parallel to the plane of the panel. Also few possible is desired positioning of decorative and ornamental stones in the location.
If now between panels to position the device, which serves for fixing the position of decorative stones, due to the special design of this device fixing the position possibly desired positionrange decorative stones, in particular, in directions parallel to the plane of the panel, between the panels, while the position of decorative stones located in the state between the panels essentially set this device. While "fixing" does not necessarily mean a connection flush decorative stones with the device. It may be provided, albeit slight, movement of decorative stones located in the state, for example in a direction parallel to the panels. This movement can be, for example, is limited to boundary surfaces of the device. Slide within a large space, or the accidental release of decorative stones from the decorative element is no longer possible. It can also be used during the manufacturing site of the panels, that is just a decorative element. Device fixing the position thus preferably made of lightweight material, that is, for example, from a polymeric material, wood or light metal.
In the device fixing the position of the decorative stones have a branch, providing the possibility of fixing the position of the individual or a certain part of all located between the panels of decorative stones. Thus can be considered the size of the decorative stones. Due to the location of the decorative the x stones in the offices of the device may also uniform distribution of decorative stones. This separation can be performed so that the decorative stones have held offices in a direction parallel to the panels. Can also be provided to the Department was such a size or were made so that the decorative stones have held offices flush.
Through these offices, you can perform the fixing of decorative stones so that decorative stones could be placed in the large area between the panels. The traditional gluing decorative stones in the garden is a large area for this purpose, in particular, would need a lot of glue. Fixation position may mean that the decorative stones are held within the compartment in a direction parallel to the panels, for example, boundary surfaces of the branches, but there are movable at least within certain limits. The more closely match the dimensions of the compartments and decorative stones, the more limited is the freedom of this movement.
Compartments are of such size that each of the individual offices can be located only one decorative stone, making them especially easy way is fixing with the help of the departments. If one of the branches there is place for only one ornamental stones is, this stone can no longer slide, so possible a particularly simple fixing of the location of decorative stones. Moreover, in this case especially easily possible retention in a direction parallel to the plane of the panel, or the connection is flush between the decorative stones and branches, as the size of the compartments is adapted to the respective applied decorative stones. In addition, it is possible homogeneous relative to the perpendicular to the panels the distribution of a variety of decorative stones between panels.
Due to the fact that at least one of the panels directly attached to the branches, decorative stones can be placed in provided by their departments, and the fixation device position with offices may be located on the panel, which is immediately adjacent branches, what is particularly simple arrangement of decorative stones. With the side branches, which directly adjoins at least one of the panels, decorative stones can no longer independently to fall out of the branches. In particular, decorative stones should not stick to the panels, as they are held by departments. May be, for example, is provided by the horizontal positioning of the panel, to which direct what about the adjacent compartments, for the purpose of positioning the decorative stones in the branches, so that the branch was pointing vertically upwards. Now decorative stones can very simply, if necessary, automatically be placed in the offices. Then, to complete the manufacture of a decorative element proposed by the invention, the outlets may be located a second panel. Branches form a kind of cage, from which decorative stones cannot fall out when the panels are arranged vertically.
Other preferred embodiments of the invention are defined in dependent claims and are explained in more detail below.
In one particularly preferred embodiments of the invention both panels immediately adjacent to offices, providing the above advantages, according to which decorative stones can no longer fall out of the branches in those areas where branches join the panels are available in both panels. Because of this decorative element is designed as a sandwich composite element containing two panels and in between the fixation device position, which has branches placed in them decorative stones, through which the decorative element may have a compact optical appearance and especially in the successfully be used as a wall or facade element. Using directly adjacent to the offices of the panels may also alter the position of decorative stones perpendicular to the planes of the panels, which can be fixed by the position of the decorative stones in General. In addition, decorative stones due to this particularly well protected from external influences such as weather or damage. Accordingly, such a decorative element could, for example, be used as installed on the outer facade of the Billboard.
In one particularly preferred embodiments of the invention decorative stones are held device fixing the position in the direction parallel to the surfaces of the panels, decorative stones can be held mechanically. Due to this mechanical fixing position of the decorative stones can do without glue, which is glued decorative stones according to the prior art, which allows saving of material. On the other hand, this makes it possible to avoid another drawback of the solutions according to the prior art, which once fixed location pasted decorative stones can no longer be separated. Purely mechanical retention of decorative stones can be disconnected, so changing the location of the decor is top of the stones, located in the device fixing the position feasible technically simple way.
In addition, the adhesive often has a negative optical properties, as it is often not the same refractive index as the panel, and the thickness of the layer of adhesive between the panels is not always the same. And this drawback can be avoided by using the proposed invention fixation device position, in which the decorative stones mechanically held device and not glued adhesive to any or panels. The device fixing the position can be performed optically attractive and thus also serve decorative purposes.
In another embodiment of the invention decorative stones are held device fixing the position or, respectively, the branches of the device flush. This purpose can be provided to the device fixing the position was adapted to the sizes of decorative stones. Geometric circuit is particularly well-prevents changing the position of the decorative stones, making even more difficult the slide, in particular, during manufacture of the panel of the node.
In another embodiment of the invention the device fixing the position of decorative stones made thus the om, that decorative stones can be placed between the panels in the form of a raster. Due to this, it becomes possible given a geometric figure, such as ornamental arrangement of decorative stones between panels, decorative stones remain in the selected picture thanks to the fixing position. Especially it is preferable that the separating device are in the form of a raster. This makes it easy to produce a desired pattern of decorative stones, decorative stones are supplied only selected branches, which in this case are held decorative stones. In order to achieve flexibility in respect of the drawing, it may be preferable to raster was made in the form of a matrix system consisting of rows and columns of compartments. In particular, if the decorative stones are small compared to panel sizes and branches have approximately the dimensions of decorative stones, there are many branches of the fixation device position, allowing it turns out accordingly a large number of positioning possibilities of decorative stones. But to achieve a certain optical impressions can also be provided by the location of units in the disordered form.
In particular, if individual departments may has the Xia only one decorative stone, these chapters are about the size of a decorative stone. This means that the surface of separation, and this surface is parallel to the plane of the panel, only slightly larger than the dimensions of decorative stone in this direction. The same applies to the direction perpendicular to this direction, i.e. the height of the branches. Due to the location of decorative stones without glue may besides simply changing the location of decorative stones, for example, to image the new image.
In one of the embodiments of the invention departments have a cross section with a curved, preferably circular edge. These cross-sections are parallel to the plane of the panel. Boundary surfaces are thus perpendicular to the panels and serve with panels for fixing the position of decorative stones. This may be provided by the execution of cross-sections of branches with different sizes, however, preferably the execution of cross-sections of branches essentially the same form and with the same cross-sectional area. For example, can be applied to all branches with diameters from 5 to 15 mm, preferably from 8 to 12 mm
In another embodiment of the invention departments have a polygonal cross the s section. These cross-sections are parallel to the plane of the panel. Boundary surfaces are thus perpendicular to the panels and serve with panels for fixing the position of decorative stones.
In one particularly preferred embodiments of the invention provides that the Department made in the form of hundred and device fixing the position is thus a honeycomb structure. Separation in this case are a figure of located on the surface of essentially hexagonal cavities. This figure may, for example, to form a raster matrix. This may be preferable that the honeycomb was only slightly larger diameter and only slightly more height than decorative stones.
Such devices with a cellular structure itself known from other fields of technology, often called "Honeycomb-panel", and are used for example in aircraft construction. Due to the cellular structure of the device fixing the position of decorative stones provides a high mechanical strength at a relatively low weight, thanks to the invention of decorative elements, for example, is extremely profitable can be used as part of the premises or walls or as a facade element. This may be provided by the manufacturer of the mouth of the STS fixing the position of a polymeric material, such as, for example, polypropylene or polycarbonate. But you can also use aluminum and aramid fibers, i.e. the so-called paper "Nomex".
In one of the embodiments of the invention one of the panels is made of glass. When the glass has the advantage that it can have high transparency and at the same time easily possible acquisition by the manufacturer of the proposed invention the decorative element of glass with different thickness or different colors. Moreover, such glass panels have aesthetics that are desirable for residential premises.
In another embodiment, the invention provides that at least one of the panels is made of a polymeric material, such as plexiglass. It is particularly suitable for the case where the invention is a decorative element should be used as a wall or facade element, because the polymer material is light weight and not as easy as glass, prone to fracture. In the event of failure of one of the panels, made of polymer material, the danger of injury to the same less than in the case of glass panels.
In order to combine the advantages of polymeric material and glass panels, you can also, of course, facing toward the observer side of the ISOE is with glass panel and facing away from the observer side panel of polymer material or Vice versa. Of course, both panels are also made of glass or both panels of the polymer material.
In one of the embodiments of the invention at least one of the panels is permeable to visible light, that is colorless and transparent, making them especially well can be seen located in the recess of the decorative stones.
In another embodiment, at least one of the panels is made translucent and colored, making possible the achievement of other optically attractive effects.
In one particularly preferred embodiments of the invention the device fixing the position of decorative stones glued to at least one, preferably both panels. In particular, if the device fixing the position of the decorative stones have a branch, it offers yet another advantage of the invention. While in the prior art, the adhesive should be applied over the entire surface, here the maximum region offices should stick to one of the panels, so you can save a large amount of glue.
As decorative stones in the General case there may be any known in the prior art minerals or rocks, which are generally considered kr is grey. You can also use pearls and precious or semi-precious stones. Decorative stones can be natural or artificially made. In particular, it is also possible decorative stones from a polymeric material. Particularly preferably in this case, if a lot of these decorative stones are made equally. Preferably decorative stones are glass stones and/or pearls are glass pearls, which can also be manufactured in large quantities at low cost and, in spite of this, are visually attractive, although, of course, you can also use decorative stones or pearls from a polymeric material. To further enhance the aesthetic experience in one of the preferred embodiments of the invention provides that at least a few decorative stones are polished. In particular, facet-polished stones on the edges between the corresponding faces out to the refraction of light, which is considered beautiful. If many of these decorative stones are located between the two panels, these optical effects can work together to create an attractive overall impression.
If both panels are at least partially permeable to the d the I the visible light, perhaps the lighting decorative stones of sunlight, making possible the installation is designed decorative element, such as building facades or Windows.
Along with lighting sunlight in another embodiment, the invention provides that the decorative element includes a lighting device which is located between the panels decorative stones can be illuminated by artificial light. The lighting device may be located outside or if only one of the panels is at least partially permeable to visible light, between the panels, preferably opposite the permeable panel. The lighting device can be placed inside a special locking device or, if necessary, at a distance behind one of the panels.
Particularly suitable for this purpose are LEDs, which have a high efficiency. LEDs can be purchased at low cost, have low energy consumption and low radiation at small sizes. Moreover, possible to emit light of different colors, in particular, when the lighting device includes multiple LEDs of different colors.
In another embodiment, the image is placed also has a control unit and/or control of the lighting device. It is possible the regulation or management as the color and brightness or intensity of light emitted from the lighting device. This enables a particularly attractive optical effects. Thus, different areas of the device and thereby located between the panels decorative stones can be illuminated with different colors and/or with different intensity.
Can also be provided by the summing of light to specific areas and individual lighting of several departments, for example, through optical fibers.
The invention also concerns a method of manufacturing a decorative element, as described above, when the device fixing the position is fixed to one of the panels, for example glued. For the location of decorative stones these stones nesheiwat a device for fixing the position of decorative stones. In particular, if the device fixing the position has branches that can fit only one individual decorative stone, such naseyani automatic location of decorative stones in the branches. If one of the branches already occupied decorative stone, decorative stone can move to any empty adjacent offices. For this purpose, if necessary, as podderzhivaetsja application of the method of mechanical shaking. Then the second panel is attached to the device fixing the position of decorative stones, again for example glued. This forms a sandwich node consisting of two panels located between the fixation device position together with decorative stones. If the device fixing the position has a constant height over the surface of the first panel, the second panel is automatically oriented parallel to the first panel.
In the above-described method can be provided that the device fixing the position had branches that are somewhat larger than the individual or the individual decorative stones, making decorative stones, that is, for example, decorative stones or pearls are not being held fixed in the branches. Important is only that the decorative stones can't get out of branches in a direction parallel to the panels. In another embodiment of the invention can be, however, provided that the decorative stones pressed into the fixation device position, i.e., for example, in the separation device fixing the position. This is necessary particularly when the decorative stones have a few more than a branch of the fixation device position, and these branches have a certain elasticity. By pushing the decorative panels, the main stones provides better retention of decorative stones in the fixation device position.
Other details and advantages of the present invention are explained in more detail below with the description of the figures with reference to the drawings. They show:
Fig.1a-1c: the top various ways of carrying out the invention a decorative element, and
Fig.2a and 2b: cross-sectional side view of the two proposed invention decorative elements, with corresponding lighting devices.
In Fig. 1a shows a top view of a fragment of the invention the decorative element 1, the device 4 fixing the position of the decorative stones are equally executed branch 5 which are arranged in a raster consisting of rows and columns, and cross-sections which are circular edge 7. When this branch 5 are of such a size that one branch 5 is only one decorative stone 6. In this embodiment, decorative stones 6 performed equally as polished faceted glass stones. In some of the compartments 5 are decorative stones 6, so filled with so branch 5 form a pattern. Decorative stones 6 are held offices 5 flush and therefore cannot slide in the direction of the surface of the panels 2, 3. The direction of the panels 2, 3, i.e., the direction of the surfaces of the panels 2, 3, with testout in this plane of the drawing. Perpendicular to the surfaces of the panels decorative stones 6 are held by the panels 2, 3, so that the sliding decorative stones 6 in General it is impossible and is provided with the fixing of decorative stones 6.
A similar embodiment is shown in top view in Fig.1b. Again in the branches 5, which, as in Fig.1a, is made equally, have a circular cross-section and are arranged in the form of a raster, are decorative stones 6. Not all departments 5 filled with decorative stones 6, so again there is a picture by the arrangement of decorative stones 6. Decorative stones 6 is polished faceted glass stones. The difference from Fig.1a is only in the amount of 5 branches and placed them in decorative stones 6. As here shown only a fragment of the invention the decorative element 1 depending on the size of the decorative element 1, a very large number of branches 5 can be filled with decorative stones 6. In particular, when used as a facade element surface panels decorative element 1 may have a size of several square meters and thousands of decorative stones can be placed between the panels 2, 3.
A fragment of another embodiment of the invention decorative is lement 1 shown in Fig.1c. In this embodiment, branch 5', 5", 5"' are of different sizes, the edges 7 of the compartment 5', 5", 5"' have a circular cross-section. Compartment 5', 5", 5"' form as explained in the above embodiments, the device 4 fixing the position of decorative stones 6', 6" and is made, for example, from a polymeric material. Decorative stones 6', 6" is made in the form of facet-cut glass stones and come in various sizes, which, however, correspond to the sizes of the branches 5', 5", 5"'. Compartment 5', 5", 5"' distributed disordered and in this embodiment does not form a raster.
In Fig.2a shows a cross section side view of the invention a decorative element 1. Decorative element 1 is located at a distance from each other of the panels 2, 3. Front panel 2 in the direction of the observer is another panel 2'. As panels 2, 2' and the panel 3 is made at least partially transparent to visible light, so that, on the one hand, the observer can be seen located between the panels 2, 3 decorative stones, and on the other hand, is executed in a device of the fiber optics illumination device 9 can illuminate decorative stones 6 side, facing away from the observer. Very illuminating device 9 is held by the fixing devices is m 10 distance behind the second panel 3. The distance d between the fixing device 10 and the second panel 3 is in this embodiment approximately twelve cm, but may have any other value. Decorative stones 6 are held device 4 fixing the position, when this branch of the 5 have the same size, so that respectively one decorative stone 6 may be placed in each compartment 5 and is held boundary surfaces 7 outlets 5 in the direction of the surface of the panels, and the panels 2, 3 in perpendicular thereto direction flush. Some of the outlets 5 are empty, while the other branch 5 filled with decorative stones 6, so they can form a picture. The locking element 8 is used for orientation of the decorative element 1. Using the lighting device 9 decorative stones 6 can be illuminated, so that in this case, the decorative stones 6 through multiple refraction of light, in particular, on the edges between faces leave optically attractive sparkling impression. Different areas of the decorative element 1 can be illuminated with different colors and/or with different intensity. In this embodiment, the height of the branches 5, i.e. the distance between the panels 2 and 3, has a value approximately equal to 1 cm depending on the value of the addition value between the panels 2, 3 can be decorative stones 6 different sizes. Drawn to the lighting device 9 panel 3 is thinner than the plates 2 and 2', and may be made of different material, for example of a polymeric material. This image is particularly distinct, as decorative stones 6 is fixed in its position by the branches 5, that is, the boundary surfaces 7 compartments 5, that is, the device 4 as a whole.
In Fig.2b illustrates a similar exemplary embodiment, and in this case, panels 2 and 3 are the same, i.e. have the same thickness. Additional panel 2' in this case is absent.
1. Decorative element containing two spaced apart, essentially parallel oriented panel, and at least one of the panels is at least partially permeable to visible light, and many are located between the panels of decorative stones, and between the panels (2, 3) is the device (4), which serves for fixing the position of decorative stones (6), and device (4) fixing the position has branches (5), each of which has only one decorative stone (6), characterized in that both panels (2, 3) immediately adjacent to the outlets (5), the walls of the compartments (5) perpendicular to the panels (2, 3).
2. D. curatively element according to p. 1, wherein the decorative stones (6) are held device (4) fixing the position in the direction parallel to the surfaces of the panels (2, 3).
3. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the decorative stones (6) are held device (4) fixing the position, preferably the compartments (5), with a geometric circuit.
4. A decorative element on p. 2, characterized in that the decorative stones (6) are held device (4) fixing the position, preferably the compartments (5), with a geometric circuit.
5. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the device (4) fixing the position of decorative stones (6) is designed so that the decorative stones (6) are positioned between the panels (2, 3) in the form of a raster.
6. A decorative element on p. 5, characterized in that the compartment (5) of the device (4) fixing the position of decorative stones (6) is made in the form of a raster.
7. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the compartment (5) have a cross section with a curved, preferably circular edges (7).
8. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the compartment (5) have a polygonal cross-section.
9. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the compartment (5) is made in the form of a honeycomb.
10. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the decorative stones (b) PR is astavliaut a glass stones and/or glass pearls.
11. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the decorative stones (6) are polished, preferably facet.
12. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that at least one of the panels (2, 3) is a glass panel.
13. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that at least one of the panels (2, 3) made of polymeric material.
14. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that at least one of the panels (2, 3) is transparent to visible light.
15. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that at least one of the panels (2, 3) is translucent and color.
16. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the device (4) fixing the position of decorative stones (6) is glued to at least one of the panels (2, 3), preferably to both panels (2, 3).
17. A decorative element on p. 1, characterized in that the decorative element (1) further comprises a lighting device (9) for lighting located between the panels (2, 3) decorative stones (6).
18. A decorative element on p. 17, characterized in that the lighting device (9) includes one or more LEDs and/or fiber optics device.
19. A decorative element on p. 17, characterized in that the lighting device (9) contains the device is the primary objective of regulating and/or control to regulate or control the color and/or brightness of light, emitted from the lighting device (9).
20. A decorative element on p. 17, characterized in that the lighting device (9) includes means for individual lighting many branches (5) of the device (4) fixing the position.
21. A method of manufacturing a decorative element on one of the PP.1-20, characterized by the following operations:
- fastening device (4) fixing the position of decorative stones (6) to one of the panels (2, 3);
- naseyani decorative stones (6) on the unit (4) fixing the position of decorative stones (6);
- mount the second panel (2, 3) provided with a decorative stones (6) device (4) fixing the position of decorative stones (6).
22. The method according to p. 21, characterized in that the decorative stones (6) after naseyani are pressed into the device (4) fixing the position.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative articles and their production and can be used in production of furniture or its face elements, and construction, for example as interior or exterior or decor components. Proposed process comprises preparation of at least two injection moulds. Liquid self-curing material is poured in at least one mould, material being able to swell at solidification. Said mould is connected with at least one other mould to shape the finished as required. Said material is held in closed mould for time sufficient for its self-solidification and 3D article is withdrawn from the mould. Note here that at least one removable element is fitted in one of the moulds prior to pouring of liquid material to allow bonding of finished article surface with whatever other surface.
EFFECT: wasteless process, lower labour input and costs.
31 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: decorative material comprises a substrate of waterproof paper or paperboard coated with a light-accumulating coating containing luminophor SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy and a solvent binder with the ratio of components, wt %: SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy - 10÷45, the solvent binder - 55÷90. The luminophor particles have a size of 100÷160 microns. The solvent binder is used as the paints based on extender oils.
EFFECT: density and uniformity of the coating layer is ensured, which does not crumble and does not break when bent, the material does not absorb moisture.
2 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manual casting of decorative articles and to production of decorative coating on smooth even surfaces, particularly, on ceramic plate, glass, metal and plastic. Proposed method comprises making the blanks from the mix of polymer base with filler to be placed in the mould for solidification and full polymerisation. Note here that said blank comprises polyester unsaturated resin mixed with filler and hardener. Resin-to-filler ratio makes 1-1.5-2.0. Mix in the mould is subjected to degassing while mix hardening in said mould is performed at 60-80°C for 10-15 minutes. Blanks are extracted from the mould and subjected to curing to full polymerisation of polyester saturated resin. Thereafter, produced article is ground without water cooling at grinding belt at grain size of 60-120 units with subsequent washing and drying of ground surface. Note here that patterns are applied on finished surface by direct printing of UV inks.
EFFECT: simplified process at high decorative properties.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of amber half-stock, primarily, of minor fractions and large-size amber articles and work pieces. Proposed method consists in loading amber stock in elastic shell made from waterproof material to be sealed and placed in hydro barometric chamber. The latter is filled with fluid. Elastic shell filled with amber stock is subjected to hydrostatic compression at high fluid pressure. Note here that temperature inside said chamber is kept not higher than 120°C during the entire period of hydrostatic effects.
EFFECT: production of large-size amber articles with normal physical, chemical, aesthetic and therapeutic qualities of natural monolithic amber, recovery of industrial wastes, cheap amber half-stock.
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a light industry and can be used in manufacture of clothes, shoes, hats and decorative items made of felt as well as at for felt products restoration. The method includes forming a canvas by stacking layers of wool fibers and applying on the layers of wool fiber of textile material, felting, felling and drying. On the canvas from the side of textile material the layers of wool fibers are additionally placed. After felling the moulding is carried out, and after drying - wet-heating treatment. Wet-heating treatment is carried out under pressure at a temperature of 120-150° C, corresponding to a temperature of adhesion of adhesive. As textile material the easily mouldable adhesive gasket material with sparse structure is used. The adhesive gasket material can be placed in accordance with the zones marked on the detail.
EFFECT: reduction of thickness and weight of felt parts is provided, while maintaining the specified strength; obtaining one-piece moulded detail with uniform thickness, with zones which differ in properties; increasing the strength of the obtained material; preservation of appearance of felt on the front and reverse side of the product which is attractive for a consumer.
2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to light industry and may be used in producing pictures, frescos, inserts on walls, furniture and other surfaces. In compliance with first version, method comprises applying, after hardening of vlieseline, of several layers of stearic acid soda salts (C17H35COONa) in amount of 50-80 g per 1 m2 to be detached thereafter from substrate, and applying decorative pictures on made layers to be coated by varnish. In compliance with second version, method comprises applying, after hardening of vlieseline, of two layers of stearic acid soda salts (C17H35COONa) in amount of 50-80 g per 1 m2 . Then, acryl varnish and plaster are used to make the mix to apply on dried layer of said soda salt to make 1-2 mm-thick layer to be dried. Plaster is coated by acryl varnish and decorative picture is printed thereon at 59-60°C and coated by protective varnish.
EFFECT: simple method.
8 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plastic technology, particularly, to production of art articles (pictures, panels, souvenirs, Christmas balls). Proposed method comprises moulding blank from plastic mass based on thermoplastic polymer, heating said mass to softening temperature and applying decorating material on blank surface. Note here that quartz sand 01.-0.2 mm-size particles are used as decorating material to be applied on blank surface in compressed air jet. Proposed method comprises also moulding blank from plastic mass based on thermoplastic polymer, and applying decorating material on blank surface. Note here that quartz sand 0.1-0.2 mm-size particles are used as decorating material to be applied on blank surface heated to softening temperature in compressed air jet.
EFFECT: ease of production.
4 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: decorative cover element is created as containing an outer layer formed with chippings and a polyester resin in a mixture with a hardener. Above a dome-like frame is formed from glass-fibre plastic made of a glass mat impregnated with the polyester resin in the mixture with the hardener. The frame is formed with three layers. The first layer is made as a reinforcing layer from the glass mat impregnated with the polyester resin in the mixture with the hardener, and hydraulic insulation of the covered object is applied directly onto the decorated section with a specific segment of relief. The second layer of the covering element is formed from river sand in the mixture with the polyester resin and hardener, and is used as the base, where pebbles or chippings are introduced in fractions with size up to 100 mm. The third upper layer is made from a mixture of pebbles, chippings and resin with the hardener and is formed before the second layer hardens, and a protective varnish coating is applied above the third layer.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to decorate and protect hydraulic insulation of artificial streams and reservoirs, to form artificial rocks and waterfalls of arbitrary size, to decorate unsightly landscape elements.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: polygraphic industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of decorative art, in particular, to the field of decorative sculptures making. When making sculptures from birch bark, using methods of intricate treatment of item parts, filigree sculptures are produced. Sculpture making starts from making an item sketch on paper, then birch bark parts are stocked, using an intricate method of jewellery filigree, a frame is assembled on a pig, being modelled from clay in volume of the future sculpture, and after the frame on the pig dries out, it is released from clay. After the clay is taken out from the frame, it is restored, and the ornament is assembled on it using previously prepared parts, then the item is polished, varnished, and its art image is finalised. The item frame may be whole or laced, and the item itself may be decorated with any available material, for instance, stones, metal, leather, etc.
EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of the sculpture, reduced material intensity, and also increased accuracy of sculpture parts making.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: printing industry.
SUBSTANCE: method is proposed to cut composite parts of puzzle (mosaic image) from full set consisting of a foamed ethylene-vinyl-acetate EVA. Technical result consists in increasing strength of puzzle composite parts. Method to cut composite parts of puzzle (mosaic image) from a whole image, including gluing a sheet of paper or cardboard with applied image to be cut into separate elements onto a sheet made of foamed ethylene-vinyl-acetate (EVA) and cutting of image with application of cutting matrix, comprising wood panel, which bears thin cutting separation plates, differing by the fact that above wood panel of cutting matrix on its whole working surface a sheet of foamed EVA is glued, thickness of which is at least equal to height of cutting separation plates or exceeds it.
EFFECT: improved strength of puzzle composite parts.
FIELD: shaping patterns inside transparent or semitransparent materials.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method and device make use of optical system that provides for such distribution of laser beam energy throughout cross-sectional area of material that laser breakdown trace is obtained, its shape being other than that of single ellipsoid.
EFFECT: enhanced quality of pattern.
SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method, wallpapers cut into rectangular strips are used as carrier.
EFFECT: improved quality of pictures.
4 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: wood industry.
SUBSTANCE: the method consists in the fact that the heat treatment of the surface layer is performed with saturation of the surface layer by components by means of dry superheated steam.
EFFECT: improved quality.
13 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: production of primarily leather-made decorative articles in the form of physical, political, astronomic, and other maps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes wetting natural-leather blank that functions as map base and its drying in stretched condition. Then underside of paper sheet whose surface is pre-tinted by compacted loose material is applied to this blank. Pattern of expected map incorporating data media is made on paper sheet face, outlines of data media parts are step-by-step transferred to base, and appropriate lines are burned out and/or stamped in step-by-step manner. First elements applied to map base are basic ones used as references for entire pattern of map; they are burned out and/or stamped on base. After that smaller items are applied to base whereupon they are burned out and/or stamped. After all items of map pattern are burned out and/or stamped, separate portions of pattern are dyed, major ones being dyed first and minor ones, after them. Then dried dye is wiped, and external surface of map is covered with at least one layer of fixing material.
EFFECT: enhanced life of map pattern, improved decorative effect of proposed map simulating antique maps.
8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: working or preserving wood.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises making blanks, gluing blanks to form blocks, and allowing the blocks to stand for a time required for solidification of glue. The blanks are provided with grooves. To make the grooves, the blanks are mounted on the base so that the height of the center of symmetry of the blank section is positioned above the plane of the milling tool table, the longitudinal axis of symmetry of the blank is at an angle to the plane of the table, and center of symmetry of the blank section is shifter with respect to the vertical axis of the milling cut.
EFFECT: improved method.
FIELD: application of diamond powder on souvenirs.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in application of pattern made from adhesive paper on souvenir surface; contours of this pattern are subjected to treatment on sandblast machine, after which adhesive is applied in form of enamel followed by application of natural diamond powder, type A3-A6 at size of grains of 200/160, 250/200 and 315/250.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability of coats on souvenir surfaces.
FIELD: technology for producing ornamentation or marking in form of surface structure on a widely used object in form of a bowl, mug or cup, made of glass or glass-like material and having glazed surface at least in some zones as supporting surface.
SUBSTANCE: in accordance to invention, glazed surface in the zone where marking or decoration is going to be applied has practically equal properties across whole surface. Decoration or marking is applied by imprinting characteristic surface with quartz solution by means of printing method to equalize the surface with shape or configuration of decoration or marking after quartz solution solidifies. Invention also describes method for manufacturing surface structures on widely used object having glass or glass-like wall. Decoration is produced as a result of application of quartz solution, distributed in limited given manner in direction of surface along characteristic surface or inside it, and glazed surface is evened out in accordance to decoration configuration after solidification of quartz solution so that surface becomes transparent.
EFFECT: simplification of method for decorating widely used items.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: relief surface forming process and equipment.
SUBSTANCE: method involves orienting axis of rotation of tools at different angles relative to blank; moving tools in three mutually perpendicular planes.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in elimination of defects from worked surface and increased service life of tools.
18 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of ceramic products, in particular, unique author works: souvenirs, "Easter eggs".
SUBSTANCE: invention defines method for producing ornamental ceramic "egg" product, including preparation of ceramic mass, application thereof onto shaping surface, drying, burning, while as shaping surface intact egg shell is used with removed contents. A 0,5-1,5 mm thick layer of plaster paste is applied to the surface of egg shell. Suggested method allows production of thin-walled ceramic product.
EFFECT: the "egg" produced in accordance to suggested method is unique, original and artistically expressive.
FIELD: working surfaces.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises moving the tool according to a specified program in two mutually perpendicular planes and rocking the tool in the transverse direction.
EFFECT: improved method and simplified structure and sizes of device.
4 cl, 4 dwg