Vehicle terminal

FIELD: physics, navigation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of navigating, namely to vehicle terminals. The vehicle terminal includes the master microcontroller, antenna GPS/GLONASS, SIM-chip, housing. The housing contains the standby power supply and printed circuit board. The printed circuit board has flash memory, three-axial accelerometer, GPS/GLONASS receiver, power supply control unit, GSM module with antenna, LED indicators, interface unit connection module, slot for installation of SIM-card of mobile communication operator, external power supply module. The output of GPS/GLONASS antenna is connected to the input of GPS/GLONASS receiver. The master microcontroller contains minimum 7 inputs-outputs. SIM-chip and slot for installation of SIM-card are connected to GSM-module. The power control module is connected with the external power supply module and standby power supply module. The acceleration sensor is designed with additional function of determination of acceleration values by three coordinate axes. The standby power supply terminal contains the lithium - polymeric battery.

EFFECT: improvement of reliability of obtaining operating and reliable monitoring information at simultaneous decrease of the sizes of the vehicle terminal.

8 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of navigation, and in particular to systems for determining the location of moving and stationary objects (e.g., vehicles) in the signal space navigation systems and monitoring the purpose of monitoring and tracking their movements using GPRS communication channels. As applications of satellite telematics complex can be dispatching public, special vehicles, city electric transport, rail, water transport system for the protection of personal transport, search of stolen vehicles and dispatching aircraft with altitude up to 12,000 meters.

It is known, patented RF N2155684 G08G 25/10 monitoring System, information services, and protection of the vehicle from unauthorized modification". The invention relates to security systems of vehicles. In paging communication network are activated immobilizer, blocked the engine and run the transmitters beacon type. Stationary transceivers on the road network receive signals from transmitters beacon type, exercise their bearing, measure the power of signals and transmit the information to the base station. In the information centre, associated with base stations and connected to p is gingival communication network, define the coordinates of the vehicle and the amount of inclusions transmitter beacon type for financial calculations. Also provided for receiving and processing information center messages from external information sources and sending messages in a geographically distributed network of centres of rapid response to threats and unauthorized impacts on protected vehicle. The owner of the vehicle equipped with a transponder card, which is marked secret blocking, a lighthouse and account codes, and digital memory fixed identification code. The last remotely read from the card to deactivate the immobilizer and unlock the engine. The system is characterized by a high degree of secrecy, the level of security services and ease of payment.

The disadvantage is the lack of reliability of the system due to the low accuracy of the positioning of the vehicle and the main purpose of this system is the protection from unauthorized modification of the vehicle, not the monitor.

It is known, patented RF N2175920, G08G 25/10. Security system, navigation and monitoring of vehicles, containing the equipment of the consumer, including the navigation receiver with antenna, operating on the satellite signals radinovic the operating systems and to ensure including geodetic accuracy of determination of coordinates of objects transceiver with antenna, implements cellular, trunking or satellite radio communications with the control center, made with the possibilities of differential correction coordinate of the controlled objects and display their location and identification parameters on an electronic map of the area, a trip computer that contains the interface, a processor, a storage device, the analog-to-digital Converter and two digital to analogue Converter whose outputs are connected respectively to the input of the audio system and to the first input of the television monitor, the second input is connected to the first output of the camera video, the second output of which is connected through an analog-to-digital Converter with an appropriate input interface, one output of which is connected with the control input of the navigation receiver, the output of which is connected to one input interface, and a set of security sensors, which sensors are used unauthorized impacts to the protected object, the sensors control environmental parameters and technical parameters of the protected object, the modem that implements depending on the type of radio communication protocols cellular, trunking or satellite networks due and, first input connected to one of the outputs of the interface, and the first output to the input of the transceiver, the second input of the modem associated with the appropriate output interface, and the second output to the input of the transceiver and block manual data input, the output of which is connected with the respective input interface, one of the outputs associated with the processor, and the other output to the storage device, and the outputs of the processor and memory unit are connected to respective inputs of the interface, characterized in that the apparatus user entered optional subscriber receiver, included in the paging network communications, transponder card, remote reading antenna, configured to read an identification code recorded in the digital memory of the transponder card, on the surface of which is marked protected by a special coating single application, such as paint, secret codes, becoming visually available only when erasing a protective coating, and the operation mode indicator alarm sensors, the first input of which is connected with the first output block is read remotely, and site blocking of the functional bodies of the protected object, this is part of the on-Board computer interface the imp is replaced with two additional inputs and two additional outputs, the first additional output interface is connected to the input node of the blocking of the functional bodies of the protected object, the second auxiliary output interface connected to the second input of the operation mode indicator alarm sensors, the first auxiliary input interface connected with the second output block read remotely, and the second auxiliary input - output subscriber receiver, the input of which is connected by radio with the operator's data transfer module that is included in the paging network communications.

The problem solved by the invention is to improve the speed of decision making on the CCU (Central control unit) to control the vehicle (vehicles) when there is a temporary loss of information, improving the reliability of unauthorized access to the control systems of the vehicle and reducing consumption power.

The disadvantage is the lack of reliability of timely and reliable information, because there is no protection system, for example, does not have a second SIM card, not reliable communications. This invention is directed to protection of the vehicle.

The disadvantage of this system is the relatively low reliability of the system due to:

- mandatory finding of a rolling object is in the service area paging network of public communication otherwise, the subscriber receiver will not be able to take a team from the carrier block transmission of data and, therefore, the equipment of the consumer will not be managed;

- mandatory finding of a moving object in a service area or cellular or trunked, or satellite, or other communication system, or when the alarm sensors after tampering to the object and run the system generated information message containing the coordinates of the movable object and the frames of the video that will be transmitted in the broadcast transceiver of the corresponding type of communication, but will not be accepted dispatch center, which is the collection and processing of information, and, accordingly, passed the message control and differential correction coordinates, resulting in reduced reliability of the system;

the lack of opportunities for feedback with the owner of a mobile object such as a vehicle.

Failure to meet the above conditions due to fading and multipath propagation of radio signals in different environments, such as cities with high and low buildings, rural areas, rural highway.

This disadvantage is eliminated in systems and complexes using devices is ur combined receive signals of satellite radio navigation systems: American - GPS and the Russian GLONASS.

The prior art security system, control and navigation for cars (see U.S. patent for the invention of US 5504482, publ. 02.04.1996) containing a storage device for storing road maps in digital form, the input device (destination device to generate digital signals of the velocity and acceleration of the vehicle for indicating an emergency antenna for receiving signals of satellite radio navigation systems and GPS signals, which carry information about the transport stream and transmission of alarm signals. Received signals are converted into digital form. The processing device determines the current location of the vehicle based on the GPS signals and signals, which carry information about speed and acceleration, determines a first route between the current location and destination and the second route with high traffic density on the first route, transmits alarm signals encoded with the current location, if the vehicle falls outside the specified limits, and controls the vehicle by electronic means.

This system is limited to the navigation of a mobile object, the system does not allow you to make an accurate determination of coordinates, the monitoring of technical systems, collection and XP is General information about the route of the consumer (event logging).

Known useful model patent of the Russian Federation N63094 G08G 1/123 relates to systems for determining the location of mobile objects, in particular to control systems and motion control different vehicles, mainly by road, and can be used for monitoring moving objects and their movements in real time, protection of stationary and moving objects, as well as environmental monitoring. System for determining the position of moving objects with a GSM modem, GSM antenna SIM card of the operator of cellular communication, GPS receiver, GPS antenna, controller with nonvolatile memory programming port controller and power module, integrated accelerometer, a motion detector, turn off the voltage supply of the accelerometer, turn off the voltage supply of the GPS receiver, turn off the voltage supply of the GSM modem, the photosensitive element and the led status indicator and chemical current source, the first, second and third outputs of the controller is connected to the control inputs of the voltage regulator power supply accelerometer, voltage regulator power supply of the GPS receiver and voltage regulator power supply GSM modem, respectively, the fourth output of the controller is connected to the status indicator m is the module, chemical current source connected to the controller and to the inputs of all three voltage stabilizers, stabilizer output voltage of the accelerometer is connected to the integrated accelerometer, the first and second information outputs of which are connected to first and second inputs motion detector, and the detector output is connected to the first input of the controller, the output voltage of the power supply of the GPS receiver connected to the GPS receiver serial port which is connected to the first serial port controller, the output voltage of the power supply of the GSM modem connected to the GSM modem, the serial port which is connected to the second serial port of the controller, to the RF input of the GPS receiver connected to a GPS antenna, and to the GSM modem is connected GSM antenna, SIM card connected to the second serial port of the GSM modem, and to the second input of the controller connected to the photosensitive element. In the system to determine the location of mobile objects has a photosensitive element, presented in the form of a phototransistor. This element is used in the object to its inclusion, which is not reliable enough due to the fact that monitoring is not continuous. Moreover, this method of switching is not always convenient because it is not always available directional SV is the same. To enable use of photosensitive element 14 (phototransistor), placed behind the translucent closed window in the lower part of the body, thus to enable products with pre-installed in it galvanic elements 6, it is necessary for a few seconds to open the glass window and direct it to the source of natural light, then the built-in led status indicator 5 opposite the translucent window a certain combination of flashes indicates the system is turned on.

The disadvantages of this utility model is also a lack of reliability, because there is one SIM card. In addition, this system is used for monitoring moving objects and their movements in real time, protection of stationary and moving objects. That is, in this system could not correct monitoring of stationary objects, because the main purpose of the system other: achieving high efficiency in use, due to the absence of any time spent on installation and connection of the TC, as well as ensuring continuous Autonomous operation.

Known satellite telematics system GLONASS/GPS (GLONASS/GPS symbol is equivalent to the designation of GPS/GLONASS) using communication channels Inmarsat D+/GPRS on atento UM No. 116259 (20.05.2012), selected as a prototype, containing satellite telematics terminal, comprising: an antenna GLONASS/GPS antenna GPS/GLONASS), flash memory, printed circuit Board, a housing, a slot to insert the SIM card of the operator, the input-output slot for a SIM card connected to the input / output GSM-module, three-axis mechanical accelerometer, GPS/GLONASS navigation, console port redundant power supply module external power supply, the control microcontroller control module power satellite telematics terminal, sensor, GSM modem (GSM module) with the antenna input-output slot for a SIM card connected to the input / output GSM-module, the connection module interface devices led indicators and satellite modem Inmarsat D+ with the antenna, the data collection server, means supporting GPRS currency, the Central server; PC control center, while the output of the antenna GLONASS/GPS is connected to the input of GLONASS/GPS, input-output of which is connected with the second input-output control of the microcontroller, input-output flash memory connected to the first input-output control of the microcontroller, the input-output console port is connected to the third input / output control of the microcontroller, the output of the triaxial mechanical accelerometer is connected with WMO the om control of the microcontroller, the output of the sensor is connected to the second input of the control module power supply satellite telematics terminal, the first input connected to the output module external power supply and a backup power supply, i.e. the output of the control module power supply connected to the outputs of the module external power supply and a backup power supply, the output of the control of the microcontroller is connected to the input of the led indicators, the fifth input-output control of the microcontroller is connected to the input-output module connection interface devices, the sixth input-output control of the microcontroller is connected to the input-output satellite modem Inmarsat D+ with antenna, the seventh input-output control of the microcontroller is connected to the input-output GSM modem with antenna, the module output power satellite telematics terminal is connected with all units in satellite telematics terminal, a telematics server interconnected via the Internet with the data collection server, the PC tower and through the provision of GPRS currency with a GSM modem with antenna, satellite modem Inmarsat D+ with the antenna on the communication channels are interconnected via satellites Inmarsat D and a ground station interfacing with the data collection server.

Lack of data is the first complex is the body terminal of the vehicle is not protected from disclosure, is large, less protection from moisture, external connecting the antennas and connectors. Monitoring of stationary objects is incomplete in the prototype, because the system is switched off during long stops to conserve energy.

The technical task of the invention is to improve the reliability of timely and reliable monitoring data while reducing the size of the terminal of the vehicle.

The technical result is achieved due to optimization of the software control of the microcontroller, together with a set sequence of the electronic elements of the terminal. Software control of the microcontroller is designed for monitoring and control in real time and operate in a network the Internet for the purpose of monitoring moving objects.

The technical result is achieved in that the terminal of the vehicle including the control microcontroller with at least three inputs-outputs, antenna GPS/GLONASS, the building that hosts the backup power source and a printed circuit Board, on which is placed a flash memory, a triaxial accelerometer, GPS/GLONASS module driven by the I power supply, GSM module with antenna, led lights, plug and play front-end devices, a slot to insert the SIM card of the operator of cellular communication module external power, antenna GPS/GLONASS connected to the input of the receiver GPS/GLONASS, input-output GSM module is connected with the corresponding input-output control of the microcontroller, the input-output receiver GPS/GLONASS connected with the respective input-output control of the microcontroller, the input-output flash memory with the respective input-output control of the microcontroller, the output of the triaxial accelerometer - with the respective input of the control of the microcontroller, input-output module connection interface device connected to the corresponding inputs-outputs of the control of the microcontroller, the output control module power supply connected to the outputs of the module external power supply and a backup power supply, the input led is connected with the corresponding output of the control of the microcontroller, the input-output slot for a SIM card connected to the input / output GSM module, according to the invention further comprises a SIM chip, intrusion detector, the acceleration sensor is made with the additional function of determining the values of accelerations along three axes of coordinates, input-output intrusion detector connected to the respective input in the speed control of the microcontroller, input-output SIM chip is connected to the input / output GSM module.

In addition, as a backup power source contains a lithium-polymer battery.

In addition, the inputs and outputs of the control of the microcontroller, antenna GPS/GLONASS, flash memory, three axis accelerometer, SIM chip, intrusion detector, receiver GPS/GLONASS, redundant power supply, module, external power supply, control module power supply, GSM module and antenna, and inputs led indicators performed inside the case.

In addition, the printed circuit Board is made of layered and contains at least four layers.

In addition, managing the microcontroller is executed with the software, with the ability to send data simultaneously on two vzaimnovezhlivy server.

In addition, managing the microcontroller is executed with the additional possibility of self-diagnostics function.

In addition, the housing is airtight and metal.

In addition, the terminal is equipped with a connector for connecting devices for input and output of voice information.

Distinctive features of the proposed terminal of the vehicle in conjunction with the known increase reliability of timely and reliable monitoring data while reducing the size of the terminal of the vehicle.

Due to the presence of the above-mentioned features of the proposed design meets the criterion of "novelty".

The reliability of the terminal increases, because its main function is to provide reliable monitoring information. The monitoring is performed continuously during the entire time of use of the terminal (tracker), because the use of modern electronic components, module (receiver) GPS/GLONASS and GSM module have a minimum cold start.

Used GPS/GLONASS, for example MGGS2217, is a means of measuring and accurately determines the current geolocation coordinates.

The terminal further comprises a SIM chip. Since the SIM chip is smaller SIM card 8 times or more, it decreases the size of the final device. Since the SIM chip as the electronic component is soldered directly (hardwired) directly on the circuit Board, electrical connection contacts are missing. This allows you to eliminate additional electrical resistance and eliminates the possibility of oxidation of the contacts, which increases the reliability of the terminal (browser).

Introduction intrusion detector leads to the fact that at the opening of the terminal device sends a signal to the collection server transmission telematic information (operator immediately sees it in real time and - provides the control and reliability of the information), if the driver has violated the integrity of the terminal.

When power is applied to the terminal starts the main modules of the terminal, such as GPS/GLONASS and GSM module. GSM module queries the SIM chip and configured for binary channel GSM communication.

Managing the microcontroller receives via the antenna of the GPS/GLONASS signals from the satellites and calculates its location - forms package. Next, the control microcontroller receives signals from GSM module that is ready for use. The generated package telematics information is transmitted via the GSM module to the server receiving and processing telematics information. In the absence of GPRS channel is switched to the SIM card.

If the contacts between your SIM card and terminal oxidized, leading to the disruption of signal transmission between them, it will automatically switch to the SIM chip, which is rigidly soldered directly on the Board without additional connections. This leads to increased reliability in comparison with the prototype.

In the prototype used the SIM holder: electronic component, which establishes the SIM card, which provides relatively weak attachment compared with the SIM chip, i.e., the SIM card may fall, contacts can oxidize, resulting in less reliability. Contacts SIMholder deform when the temperature difference at low and high static temperatures.

After opening the case is then sent messages to the monitoring program, but it will not be reliable if is not present SIM chip. The SIM chip is part of the logical circuit of the sensor opening. This logic circuit comprises a photosensitive element, such as a photo resistor, soldered on PCB terminal (measures the amount of light), the controlling microcontroller with special software (which generates the signal), the SIM chip (registers in the GSM network), GSM module and antenna (sends a message to the server monitoring system). Through the monitoring system, the user receives a message about the autopsy. At the opening, the light shines on the photoresistor, it changes the resistance, resulting in changes the voltage at the input of the control of the microcontroller. Then the signal is processed by the software of the terminal, which generates a message to the server on a chassis, which will be sent via GSM (the most common communication standard), which is the main function of the SIM chip. GSM supports short text messages (ShortMessageService), with which remote configuration and verification terminals. This connection transmits voice information. GSM is used GMSK modulation. is also in the GSM network is present handover is the process of transferring the subscriber's session from one base station to another. Due to the above transfer process and control data from the photoresistor occurs without disruption and loss of service. When inserted and working SIM card or SIM chip the probability of sending messages is great, but to interrupt the communication with the device running on SIM cards, is much easier than with the device running on the SIM chip. Thanks to the presence of the SIM chip in the block diagram, and not just the introduction of the SIM chip, and the hard setting on the circuit Board (soldering), and the connection of the input / output SIM chip's input-output GSM module provides improved reliability sending messages about the showdown in real time.

When you use a SIM card instead of a SIM chip (for example, two SIM-cards), the second SIM card will not be able to ensure the reliability improvement due to the ease of extraction of the card, resulting in reduced time for sending messages. That is, the probability even when the second SIM card, that time may not be enough to send a message to a server, which would have led to the interruption of the connection with the server.

As in the prototype, using the built-in terminal mechanical triaxial accelerometer allows irrespective of the signals of the navigation receiver GPS/GLONASS to determine the presence or absence of motion of otseivaemogo. Thus, due to this property mechanical triaxial accelerometer, in the case of prolonged immobility of a tracked object, the navigation receiver GPS/GLONASS activated Parking mode to save power. Also unlike the prototype thanks to the software with the host microcontroller, which defines the logic for determining values of accelerations along three axes accelerometer additionally performs the function of the sensor definition of an accident or rollover of the vehicle, and determines values of accelerations along three axes, which allows to monitor the driver's driving style. Thus, by optimizing the software of the controlling microcontroller and connecting the output of a tri-axis accelerometer with the respective input of the control of the microcontroller increases the reliability operational, reliable monitoring information and a more complete unlike the prototype.

In the particular case of execution as a backup power source included Li-polymer battery, connections, antennas, power supply, sensors, inputs and outputs are made inside the unit, printed circuit Board devices are multi-layered and contains, for example, four layers, the host microcontroller is executed with software is, with the ability to send data simultaneously on two vzaimnovezhlivy server, managing the microcontroller is executed with the additional possibility of the self-diagnostics function the terminal is fitted with a sealed metal case provided with a slot to insert SIM cards from alternative network operator, connection devices for input and output of voice information, which, in turn, provides increased reliability of operation of the terminal while reducing the size of the terminal.

Inside the terminal with rechargeable battery, enabling offline to continue the transmission of information even in the absence of external power. As a backup power source terminal of the vehicle contains a lithium-polymer battery, which is equipped with a protection system (microchip) from short circuit. If there is a circuit between the supply battery and the terminal, the protection circuit of the battery eliminates the presence of short circuit currents, because it disconnects the battery from broken chain, which, in turn, eliminates the possibility of shorting the battery and the terminal.

All electrical connections between peripheral devices, such as fuel level sensors, passenger, antennas and power connector device made in to the pus terminal, that eliminates the ingress of moisture, dust on the electrical connection, which increases the reliability of the terminal.

Also used cable glands, precluding the ingress of moisture, dust, eliminating the possibility of breaking the normal operation of its failure. For example, when tightening the input is the sealing of the internal components. When turning the head on the body is delayed, for example, the internal valve rubber ring. In the prototype, all connections are located on the surface of the body, which reduces reliability because the connection on the body surface can be easily damaged without apparent subsequently integrity violations complex: terminal (tracker) and antenna. For example, in the prototype, you can easily Unscrew the antenna and disconnect the connector. In addition, the terminal of the vehicle comprises a sealed metal housing, which increases the reliability of his work.

Performing multilayer PCB, and in addition, contains at least four layers, significantly reduces Board space of the terminal, which, in turn, greatly simplifies hidden setting and monitoring terminal, together with optimization software control of the microcontroller increases the reliability of monitoring, because the object the smaller sizes are harder to detect and is redit.

By optimizing the software (firmware) of the microcontroller unlike the prototype tracks the angle of change of direction of the vehicle on which the terminal is installed. When you commit changes, the formation of the next message, and send to the server collecting and processing telematics information, and their height. The selected optimal angle (obtained experimentally, which records changes of direction and fixation data about the current location of the vehicle to further transfer the coordinates to the server collecting and processing telematics information, which increased the validity and reliability of the monitoring traveled distance of the vehicle distance. This angle can be set depending on the task. The time interval between sending messages depends on the vehicle at rest (the maximum time between messages) or moving (the minimum time between messages), this task is implemented by collecting information from the acceleration sensor. The interaction of the acceleration sensor and the control of the microcontroller is controlled by software (firmware).

Optimization software about the level (firmware) of the control of the microcontroller provides flexible control (send messages even every 20 seconds) for the level of monitoring because of the possibility to set the interval between messages when driving and the Parking lot, which increases the reliability of the information received.

In the prototype the intermediate server - data collection and ground station pair, which increases the time of collecting and entering information processing and reduces the reliability of the system while increasing the size of the terminal, unlike the present invention, because the more elements in the system (i.e., two intermediates in the prototype), the more likely it is that an element may fail to work. For example, if the signal fails the GW information will not reach the end user.

When sending a message, if there is no response from the server on receipt of a sent message, the navigation terminal will re-attempt transmission until the acknowledgement from the server on receipt of the packet, which increases the reliability of the terminal. The combination of components and software complex terminal provides data transmission without data loss, it is additionally possible to send the data simultaneously on two servers if one server goes down, we will pass the information to a second server), which increases the reliability of the terminal.

In the prototype it is impossible to make sending messages on two servers, as there is no special optimized software development is ecene the control of the microcontroller for transmission on two servers. Unlike the present invention in the prototype one Central server is responsible for Assembly, the second server for processing.

When transferring data in the present invention on the second telematics server transfer goes directly without the use of intermediate stages that makes two servers vzaimnovezhlivy. Also optimized the software control of the microcontroller allows remote firmware update (Firmware is called the contents of the nonvolatile memory of the computer or any digital computing device, calculator, cell phone, GPS, etc. that contains its firmware) terminal through a remote server (server for firmware update is not a server collecting and processing telematics information). All the above leads to an increase in the reliability of the system. The firmware can be done in two ways: through the server directly. If the firmware is through the server, via SMS commands via the Web interface and automatically. If the firmware directly, directly connecting the programmer to the terminal.

Put in the SIM card, which ensures that if a GPRS channel installed SIM card is not supported in this region (weak network signal op is operator), additionally provided with a slot for the SIM card of any operator of the Russian Federation and CIS countries. There is the possibility to install any SIM card (from any country), which increases the reliability of information transmission.

Unlike the prototype through software control of the microcontroller continuous polling systems: GSM, GPS/GLONASS modules, connection status with the telematics server. In the absence of signal at the receiver GPS/GLONASS, lack of registration of the GSM module in the network Manager, the microcontroller resets the corresponding module, that is, performs a self-diagnosis function, which increases the reliability of the terminal compared to the prototype, in which the software together with other signs does not provide such functions. There is also a device, such as a supervisor, which analyzes the performance of the microcontroller. In case of incorrect operation of the control microcontroller supervisor reloads it.

Unlike the prototype introduction connector for connecting devices for input and output of voice information leads to the possibility of voice communication with the driver with the function of the outgoing call signal to one input terminal, resulting in improved reliability monitoring.

In the terminal the claimed combination of features izobreteny which provides the ability to: determine the voltage and serviceability vehicle onboard network, connection and data CAN-bus (if any expansion cards), installation at the urban electric transport, railway and water transport, as well as on aircraft with altitude up to 12,000 meters.

Functions terminal of the vehicle (tracker) are: identification and transfer to the server of geographic coordinates, velocity, and heading of the vehicle movement, reception, processing and transmission to the server signals from a digital, discrete and analog sensors, check the system information of the occurrence of one or more events: the beginning of the movement; change of course by a specified amount; speeding; increase distance traveled by a given amount; changing the state of the inputs; receiving data from a user port or CAN-bus; the timer to send regular messages when it is stationary or moving, pressing the panic button; check input/output to/from the geofence; leaving a route; forming automatic notifications to users about the occurrence of one or more events via SMS, e-mail or pop-up Windows, the task formation upon occurrence of any of the events (one or more), any transmission configuration commands to the tracker; activation or deactivation of control outputs tracker; automatic generation and transmission users cast the second information (for example, the fuel level); change access rights to the object; activating the alarm, and so on

Terminal of the vehicle is carried out: transmit telematics data to the server via the communication channels, GPRS, TCP/IP, auto-switching data transfer to the alternative channel operator when working in different areas of GSM networks (up to 2 operators, remote control systems using commands sent from the telematics server, the ability to connect to the CAN-bus vehicles (if any expansion cards), ensuring uninterrupted Autonomous power up to 6 hours backup power supply, the charge control Autonomous power supply with a capacity of 700 mAh, ensuring two-way loud-speaking communication between driver and dispatcher, support RS-232, RS-485, recording up to 300,000 events in the bulk non-volatile memory: the "black box" (record type - stack), protection against voltage spikes up to 90, the connection of the capacitor of the power function of the stabilizer, surge protection, reverse polarity and short circuit), the presence of a buzzer with the functions of the transmission signal of the driver and alarm.

The essence of the claimed invention is illustrated in Fig.1, which depicts a block diagram of the terminal, where:

1 - managing the microcontroller

2 - receiver GPS/GLONASS

3 - antenna GPS/GLONASS

4 - flash-memory

5 - GSM-module

6 - antenna

7 - SIM chip

8 - slot to insert SIM card

9 - tri-axis accelerometer

10 - intrusion detector

11 - led indicators

12 - module connection interface devices

13 - module power management

14 - redundant power supply

15 - module external power supply

16 - PCB

17 - corps

Connector for connecting devices for input and output voice data connected to the module connection interface devices 12, not shown in the figure. Connector for connecting devices for input and output voice data intended for transmission of voice information. In particular any time the operator can talk to the driver, i.e., provided two-way communication, which increases the reliability of monitoring.

In the housing 17 posted by backup power source 15 and the printed circuit Board 16, on which is placed the flash memory 4, a triaxial accelerometer, 9, receiver GPS/GLONASS 2, the control module power supply 13, the GSM module 5 with the antenna 6, the LEDs 11, the module connection interface device 12, a slot to insert the SIM card 8 operator communication module external power supply 15.

While GSM module 5 is connected to sootvetstvuyuschim the entrance-exit control of the microcontroller 1, receiver GPS/GLONASS 2 is connected with the corresponding input-output control of the microcontroller 1, the input-output flash memory 4 with the respective input-output control of the microcontroller 1, the output of the triaxial accelerometer 9 - with the respective input of the control of the microcontroller 1, the input-output SIM chip 7 is connected to the input-output GSM-module 5, module external power supply 15 and the backup power supply 14 is connected to the control module power supply 13. When this output antenna GPS/GLONASS 3 is connected to the input of the receiver GPS/GLONASS 2, the input-output of which is connected with the corresponding input-output control of the microcontroller 1, the inputs and outputs of the module connect the interface device 15 connected to the corresponding inputs-outputs of the control of the microcontroller 1, the input of the led 11 is connected with the corresponding output of the control of the microcontroller 1, the input-output intrusion detector 10 is connected with the corresponding input-output control of the microcontroller 1, the input-output SIM chip 7 is connected to the input-output GSM-module 5, input-output slot to insert the SIM card 8 is connected to the input-output GSM module 5.

The output control module power supply terminal 13 is connected with all components of the terminal placed on the printed circuit Board 16.

The principle declared terminal based on the use of PR is the narc location of a moving object on the signal space navigation systems (SPS) GPS/GLONASS.

When the supply voltage terminal, the control of the microcontroller 1 receiver GPS/GLONASS 2, the GSM module 5 with an antenna 6, for example, a GSM antenna for better signal, a tri-axis accelerometer 9, the SIM chip 7, the intrusion detector 10.

The signals emitted by the CND, are received by the antenna GPS/GLONASS 3. Output antenna GPS/GLONASS 3 amplified and filtered signal is fed to the input of a navigation receiver GPS/GLONASS 2, which is responsible for receiving, transforming, processing of signals from navigation satellites (NCA) and the results of solving the navigation task and navigation parameters (time, coordinates, ground speed vector) of a moving object. From the output of the navigation receiver GPS/GLONASS 2, the navigation parameters are sent to the input of the control of the microcontroller 1 and further:

through GSM module 5 with the antenna 6 via GPRS communication data received at the Central server 9 on the diagram not labeled;

in the flash memory 4 (in the absence of communication with the telematics server).

Built-in tri-axis accelerometer 9 registers the settings on the three axis sensor function start/end of the movement, sudden acceleration/stop, accidents, lifting, tilting and overturning.

Function remote control (separate commands) through to the Andes SMS, GPRS thanks to the combination of the component base and software complex of the terminal. For example, to receive messages about the current state of any cell phone command is sent to the standard pattern, including password access and query the status of the terminal. This command is accepted by the terminal via a GSM module 5 and is transmitted to the control microcontroller 1, further processed and starts the process of self-diagnosis: diagnosed receiver GPS/GLONASS 2, the module connection interface devices 12, such as chip RS-485 and RS-232. Next, the received information is processed by the governing microcontroller 1, a message and using a GSM module 5 is transmitted to the subscriber number of the SIM card with the requesting terminal. The operator upon receiving the message, analyzes the information and makes a decision about the need to send additional messages, such as reset, full reset or update (firmware) software package.

Simultaneously with the navigation receiver GPS/GLONASS 2 when the supply voltage on satellite telematics terminal is powering up and initializing the GSM module 5 with the antenna 6 and the registration in the GSM network.

If communication with the telematics server via GSM one of the operators were unable to determine, about the coming switch to GSM alternative operator. If the GSM backup operator also unavailable, then the accumulation coming from the receiver GPS/GLONASS 2 navigation parameters in the internal flash memory 4. When you resume a GSM channel starts the navigation parameters of the condition of the vehicle on the Central server.

Use the SIM chip 7 and the SIM cards of different operators to extend the coverage area of the GSM communication is needed to transfer this from the terminal to the Central server.

In the case of disconnection of an external power supply module power management 13 switches the supply of the basic electronic components of the terminal from the module to the external power supply 15 is powered by a built-in 17 back-up power source 14, which may be used in lithium-polymer battery.

Use as a backup power source 14 lithium-polymer battery allows you to continue the operation of the terminal for at least six hours after shutdown module external power supply 15. It also allows you to monitor and to react to external power supply failure without loss of navigation data and data about the condition of the vehicle.

At the opening of the housing 17 of the terminal there is a change in voltage on the Chica opening 10 and the output signal from the intrusion detector 10 is fed to the input of the control of the microcontroller 1. Next, the control microcontroller 1 on the basis of the received signal is the formation of a batch of messages, which then via the GSM module 5 is transmitted to the Central server.

Transfer of navigation parameters of the condition of the vehicle on the Central server may occur in one of the following modes:

mode regular shipments of navigation parameters of movement of a moving object with a certain frequency;

- sending mode navigation parameters and settings of the sensors on the performance of a specific event;

- automatic transfer of navigation parameters of movement of a moving object from the flash memory 4 "black box".

the combined mode of transmission, in which the priority to send is given to the transmission of navigation parameters from the flash memory 4, but the actual data is passed in an extraordinary manner every 7.5 minutes.

The operation of the device is accomplished by real-time collection of information about the current location, the movement of the vehicle using the technology of global positioning satellite, namely navigation standards GLONASS, GPS. The parameters are processed and transmitted to a data collection server, with the help of special packages, using the GPRS channel, by means of the built-in subscriber radosta is the standard GSM 900/1800. The terminal is designed for use in any monitoring system that supports the communication Protocol STD8.

1. Terminal of the vehicle, including managing the microcontroller, containing not less than seven inputs-outputs, antenna GPS/GLONASS, the building that hosts the backup power source and a printed circuit Board, on which is placed a flash memory, a triaxial accelerometer, GPS/GLONASS, the control module power supply, GSM module and antenna, led lights, plug and play front-end devices, a slot to insert the SIM card of the operator of cellular communication module external power supply in the housing, the output antenna GPS/GLONASS connected to the input of the receiver GPS/GLONASS, input-output GSM module is connected with the corresponding input-output control microcontroller, receiver GPS/GLONASS connected with the respective input-output control of the microcontroller, the input-output flash memory with the respective input-output control of the microcontroller, the output of the triaxial accelerometer - with the respective input of the control of the microcontroller, the input-output module connection interface device connected to the corresponding inputs-outputs of the control of the microcontroller, the output control module power supply connected to the outputs of the module external power supply and backup power source is electroputere, the input led is connected with the corresponding output of the control of the microcontroller, the input-output slot for a SIM card connected to the input / output GSM-module, characterized in that it further comprises a SIM chip, the intrusion detector device, the acceleration sensor is made with the additional function of determining the values of accelerations along three axes of coordinates, input-output of the sensor opening is connected with the corresponding input-output control of the microcontroller, the input-output SIM chip is connected to the input / output GSM module.

2. The terminal p. 1, characterized in that as a backup power source contains a lithium-polymer battery.

3. The terminal p. 1, characterized in that the inputs and outputs of the control of the microcontroller, antenna GPS/GLONASS, flash memory, three axis accelerometer, SIM chip, intrusion detector, receiver GPS/GLONASS, redundant power supply, module, external power supply, control module power supply, GSM module and antenna, and inputs led indicators performed inside the case.

4. The terminal p. 1, characterized in that the printed circuit Board is made of layered and contains at least four layers.

5. The terminal p. 1, characterized in that the control microcontroller done with the software, with the ability to send data simultaneously on two vzaimnost is independent of the server.

6. The terminal p. 1, characterized in that the control microcontroller is made with the additional possibility of self-diagnostics function.

7. The terminal p. 1, characterized in that the housing is airtight and metal.

8. The terminal p. 1, characterized in that it is equipped with a connector for connecting devices for input and output of voice information.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: cargo control device includes main device, video signal output device and video signal input facilities. The main device and video signal output device are located in vehicle cabin. Video signal input facility is located in vehicle basket and intended to receive cargo image. The main device includes the following: computing device in the form of PC, high-capacity accumulator, control panel, video signal output converter, signal receive multiplier, device providing connection to network (3G modem).

EFFECT: improved cargo control.

4 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering, communication.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of forwarding an emergency call. When forwarding an emergency call, during a first time interval (T1), beginning from a first moment in time (t1), before the emergence of an accident criterion, a data set for the potential emergency call is prepared, wherein the first moment in time (t1) is determined by recognising a potentially hazardous situation leading to a given accident criterion.

EFFECT: forwarding an emergency call.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: mobile platform control station consists of a dashboard camera mounted in a multi-seat passenger/cargo minibus, an information playback and sound system which includes a series-connected microphone mounted on a holder, a preamplifier, a car radio, two internal speakers and two external waterproof speakers, an information display control panel with a built-in IBM keyboard, two roll captions information displays (BS-1, BS-2), a luggage and hand luggage monitoring system which includes a portable X-ray TV unit, a portable hand detector for detecting organic explosives, a video endoscope, a set of inspection mirrors, a Linterna LED projector and two floor scales, a power supply system which includes an onboard 12 V dc mains, two display power supply units, an inverter and two splitters for the onboard power network, five sets of a modular crowd control barrier carried in the cargo section of the minibus and deployed on the railway platform at crowded points to control the platform. Such a set of features of the disclosed invention enables to organise and quickly carry out inspection of luggage and hand luggage of passengers by enclosing parts of a platform with high passenger traffic and notify passengers to move in a safe direction.

EFFECT: improving safety on railway transport by improving control, preventing accidents and preventing deaths in high passenger traffic conditions at a railway platform.

1 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: vehicles are previously equipped with a communication device for automatic detection of coordinates of vehicle location on a route in process of movement. In the method mobile communication channels are used, as well as a server, which generates a data base on coordinates and directions of vehicles movement. Route stops in both directions are marked. The server is additionally equipped with a data base with data on marking of stops and schedules of vehicles movement, which are then taken into account by a server of waiting duration. A passenger's request and data transfer from the server are carried out in a USSD-mode, besides, the USSD-request of the passenger includes a number of the vehicle route and a stop marking. After a USSD-request arrives from a mobile device of a passenger, the server with the help of software and generated data base of waiting durations automatically generates a USSD data pack and sends it to the passenger's mobile device, and such pack contains data on estimated duration of waiting for a vehicle and a route number for a specific stop.

EFFECT: invention provides for convenient, fast and clearest notification to passengers on duration of waiting for route vehicles.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: physics, signalling.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to monitoring movement of vehicles, security systems and information management systems for road users for organising safe traffic and real-time warning/preventing or eliminating emergency situations when controlling vehicles, primarily cars. The system has a first (1.1) and a second (1.2) device for receiving and transmitting information, a vehicle (2), a conversational unit (3), a self-contained power supply (4), alarm buttons (5), (6), (7) and (8) for making an emergency call, an SMS receiver-transmitter (9) and alarm buttons (sensors) (10). The devices (1.1) and (1.2) for receiving and transmitting information include, respectively, a master generator (11.1) and (11.2), an analogue message source (12.1) and (12.2), an amplitude modulator (13.1) and (13.2), discrete message source (14.1) and (14.2), a phase-shift modulator (15.1) and (15.2), a first heterodyne (16.1) and (16.2), a first mixer (17.1) and (17.2), a first intermediate frequency amplifier (18.2), a first power amplifier (19.1), a duplexer (20.1) and (20.2), a transceiving antenna (21.1) and (21.2), a second power amplifier (22.1) and (22.2), a second heterodyne (23.1) and (23.2), a second mixer (24.1) and (24.2), a second intermediate frequency amplifier (25.1) and (25.2), an amplitude limiter (26.1) and (26.2), a synchronous detector (27.1) and (27.2), a unit (28.1) and (28.2) for displaying and recording analogue messages, a multiplier (29.1) and (29.2), a band-pass filter (30.1) and (30.2), a phase detector (31.1) and (31.2) and a unit (32.1) and (32.2) for displaying and recording discrete messages.

EFFECT: system is characterised by broader functionalities and in particular enables to establish a duplex radio link between a vehicle and an information operator communication station.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises central monitoring station, mobile monitoring station, central dispatcher station, additional dispatcher stations, and remote computer-aided work stations. Said mobile monitoring station is connected with central monitoring station connected via communication lines with remote monitoring wok stations and central dispatcher station connected, in its turn, with additional monitoring stations. Said mobile monitoring station includes communication and navigation unit, emergency radio beacon, computer-aided work station, car-to-car radio communication channel module, and no-break power supply. Set of monitoring hardware comprises three-axis acceleration measurement and registration unit, basic station, set of contact transducers, car-to-car radio communication channel module, and storage battery.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: system which implements the disclosed method includes vehicle on-board equipment (1), a security alarm (2) and an information-analytical centre (3). The on-board equipment (1) has a receiving metre (4) for a GLONASS or GPS radio navigation system with an antenna, an interfacing unit (5), a signalling message panel (6), a transceiver (7) for duplex radio communication with the antenna, a receiver (8) of code signals from the security alarm (2) and an actuating unit (1.1). The security alarm (2) has an access sensor (9), a code message receiver (10), a control unit (11), a security alarm status transmitter (12) and an access control panel (13). The information-analytical centre (33) has a transceiving unit (14), an interfacing device (15), computing system (16), an automated workstation (17), an operator panel (18) and a law-enforcement dispatcher panel (19).

EFFECT: invention increases noise-immunity and reliability of exchanging discrete information between vehicles and an information-analytical centre by suppressing spurious signals received over image and combined channels.

5 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: disclosed engineering solutions are based on a technology through which a virtual position marker (e.g., a virtual pushpin or similar placeholder) is determined from query results. The virtual position marker corresponds to a first set of coordinates (e.g., latitude, longitude and/or altitude of an enterprise) for representing a point on the map. Various static and dynamic data can be used to select a result considered the most suitable from several query results. The virtual position marker can be output, for example, graphically displayed on map and/or used to provide audio instructions. Upon detection of changes in state, for example changes in the current position and/or changes in direction, speed, time, initial position or destination, the virtual position marker can be re-determined automatically, including changing the virtual position marker to correspond to a second set of coordinates now considered most suitable due to change in state.

EFFECT: by using the disclosed group of inventions, a user is provided with the required information at the required time without further queries.

17 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: telemetric control devices.

SUBSTANCE: innovation relates to the technique of telemetric control of moving objects and can be applied to control vehicles or people and to define the route and condition of the above objects; the system includes the object data collection and transfer unit; the data collection and transfer unit comprises devices associated by the microprocessor bidirectional bus: the communication devices with switched interface blocks, the receiver of the object position location system, the coupler box for the initial information sensors, the processing unit of analog signals, coupler box with the applied devices, the coupler port with the personal computer, autonomous power supply unit; besides, the controlled object data collection and transfer unit additionally contains the memory unit for saving the information on the object coming from the receiver of the object position location system, transducers of the initial information, and analog signals processing unit; the system additionally comprises the communication server, and a multitude of wireless modems, the data saving and archiving server, the cartographic server and a number of personal computers to input and output the information, data transfer network, servers of corporative information systems; the controlled object data collection and transfer unit is connected with the communication server by means of the wireless network, the Internet and wireless modems; the communication server is connected through the data transfer network with the data saving and archiving server, the servers of corporative information systems and multitude of personal computers; the personal computers are interconnected with the cartographic server and the servers of corporative information systems; all the servers and personal computers are interconnected by the data transfer network.

EFFECT: innovation enhances the efficiency of control of vehicles and personnel movements.

2 dwg.

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: computer system for controlling a port container terminal has a dispatch geodetic point fitted with a GPS signal receiver with an antenna, a transmitting radio station and a two-way transceiver, loaders and trailers, each fitted with a two-way transceiver, a first receiver with an antenna for obtaining differential corrections from the dispatch geodetic point, a second receiver with an antenna for receiving the navigation GPS signal. There is paging and two-way radio communication between the geodetic point and each loader and trailer. Each loader and trailer are fitted with six and seven power amplifiers, a third two-way transceiver, a third transceiving antenna, fourth phase detector, a threshold unit, light and sound beacons, a second recording unit, a switch and a second delay line. Each container is fitted with a radiofrequency label in form of a piezoelectric crystal on whose surface there is an aluminium thin-film interdigital transducer of surface acoustic waves and a set of reflectors. The interdigital transducer consists of two comb-type systems of electrodes deposited on the surface of the piezoelectric crystal.

EFFECT: high efficiency and broader functionalities of controlling a port container terminal.

7 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering, communication.

SUBSTANCE: control points are placed on motorways and are provided with receivers for detecting a source of interference for GPS and GSM signals. Photographic and video capturing of vehicles on the motorway is performed upon detecting interference and the data are transmitted to a remote server. Data received at the server from multiple control points are processed to detect licence plate matches. Data on said licence plates and direction of movement are transmitted to road patrol service posts nearest to the last point where the interference was detected.

EFFECT: high efficiency of detecting stolen vehicles.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: steering wheel interlocking device consists of rod, braces rigidly fixed on it, grip installed on steering wheel and locked by lock mechanism. Lock mechanism is made as separate unit with key. The grip is made as levers with pin. The braces are made as plate with holes in butt ends and in base. In one of butt end holes, rod is installed, and in the other butt end hole pin is installed on which pin levers are fixed opposite to each other with possibility to rotate around this pin for specified angle. In the hole in plate base, lock mechanism is installed.

EFFECT: improved protective properties and reduced dimensions of steering wheel interlocking device.

5 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to public information systems and intelligent transport systems. The method comprises installing an intelligent transport system on vehicle, completely adapting the system to the electrical system of the vehicle, using the system continuously in automatic and manual mode together with cellular communication means, the Internet and navigation satellite systems, and performing video surveillance and monitoring of the vehicle at a distance using cellular equipment which supports 3G technology. The intelligent transport system consists of the following basic interlinked structural components: a video surveillance system, a video recorder, a touch screen display, a processor board with a SIM module, a transceiver, an emergency unit with an antitheft system module, a uninterrupted power supply, a multimedia device, a distance meter and a preventive security system.

EFFECT: achieving comprehensive protection of a vehicle, the driver, passengers, pedestrians and creating favourable traffic conditions overall.

4 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Proposed device comprises valve (7) to reciprocate in antitheft device (1) for locking the steering column. Lock is fixed to antitheft device (1) to displace said valve (7). Locking means displace when lock gets disengaged from antitheft device (1) between inactive position and working position whereat locking means lock said valve (7). Antitheft device (1) comprises extra retainers of locking means to lock the latter at working position. Said retainers comprises clip and second spring means to act thereat in direction of the position whereat said clip retains said locking means at working position.

EFFECT: higher reliability.

12 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automated systems for monitoring road traffic and is intended for automatic identification of vehicles and generating an algorithm of actions with respect to further use thereof, and for real-time notification of the driver on all remarks relating to use of a vehicle as a road traffic participant. The vehicle monitoring system includes an electronic device mounted on the vehicle and capable of storing the identification number of the vehicle and information necessary and sufficient for mutual authentication of said device and devices at control points of the system, which are connected via a single telecommunication network to a distributed data base in which the obtained information is processed. To improve protection from unauthorised access, broadcast data are encrypted and accuracy of obtained information is further verified.

EFFECT: designing a reliable system for informing a driver on use of a vehicle as a road traffic participant.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises case to house lock 20 composed of latch 4 displacing between open position whereat it stays at a distance from steering column and closed position whereat it locks the latter and latch drive slider 10 to drive said latch 4 into open or closed position. Slider 10 is driven by said lock 20. Extra locking means can lock latch 4 in locked position. Said extra locking means are retained in passive position by actuator 28 of slider 10. Cam 24 of lock 20 acts at actuator 28 to control latch 4 and to release extra locking means at detachment of said cam 24.

EFFECT: simplified and compact design, higher reliability.

22 cl, 7 dwg

Truck coupler // 2503573

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Proposed coupler comprises plate with hole to received the pin, pin lock and retainer acting on said lock and displacing from locking position and unlocking position. Coupler comprises safety device with retainer and displacing from locking position and unlocking position. When in locking position, it is directed into aforesaid hole. Lock can be retained in locking position when retainer is in unlocking position.

EFFECT: ruled out unauthorised trailer uncoupling.

40 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering. Keeper support 1 for temporary installation of instrument 13 of aircraft wheel 8 comprises two bearing elements 2 interconnected by axle 4. Elements 2 serve to rest on ground and wheel tire 8 and are located along axis parallel with wheel axis. Said support comprises drives 7, 9 to displace said elements 2 to inactive position and to locked position. Said drives comprises lever 7 with its one end coupled with the end of U-like element 9. Both arms 902 of U-like element are arranged to turn at the ends of one of two bearing elements 2. Observation device 13 is installed at lever 7 with the help of platform 6. Note here that said support 1 is mounted at the wheel so that device 13 is shifted relative to landing gear leg 18. Device 13 comprises set of IR transducers, set of imaging transducers, data transceiving means, memory and computer.

EFFECT: reliable and safe attachment.

13 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to production and use of vehicle seats. Antitheft device is fitted to vehicle seat. Seat comprises pad, carcass and adjustable-inclination backrest consisting of fixed and moving parts. Said parts are arranged in seat backrest to interact by means of extra horizontal axle. Moving part can turn forward while extra axle can displace horizontally in its hinges to make actuator of locking appliance. Said actuator fits in special-shape hole, for example, square hole, at first rigid element mounted at seat pad carcass to get in contact with second rigid element mounted at backrest fixed part to retain aforesaid hinges so that seat may not be unlocked.

EFFECT: antitheft system with spatial transformation of seat structural elements in vertical plane.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises pin extending from slider lever side surface, guide groove arranged at casing to receive said pin for it to displace therein and wall covering said pin when said slider is arranged at its locking end inside said guide groove.

EFFECT: ruled out unauthorised steering shaft unlocking.

6 cl

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radio-electronic systems used for monitoring immovable property objects and vehicles. Proposed system contains one or several dispatcher centers, personal information centers, stationary and carry-on alarm complexes. System is provided with over-territory distributed retransmission-radio direction finding network with retransmitters-radio direction finders made for reception of signals containing code messages from carry-on alarm complexes, measuring power of received signals and bearings of sources of radiation and transmission of said code messages and results of measurements to dispatcher center. Said dispatcher centers and at least part of personal information centers are made with possibility of access to external information sources. Stationary and carry-on alarm complexes are made for transmission of voice and text messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network. Dispatcher centers and personal information centers are made for reception of said voice, test messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network.

EFFECT: reduced level of false alarms at revealing of facts of unauthorized action onto objects under protection, improved reliability of location of hi-jacked vehicle.

3 cl, 6 dwg

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