Facing system of external walls
SUBSTANCE: facing system of external walls includes small main stones used for facing of an external wall, and facing stones with front, rear, upper, lower and side faces, as well as with vertical or horizontal projections on the rear face, where the main stones have one or more slots on the external face, which correspond to one or more projections on facing stones; besides, sizes of slots exceed sizes of the corresponding projections by the value of an adhesive seam that attaches stones to each other. A projection on the rear face of the facing stone is inclined to the rear face of the facing stone at an angle of α < 90°; external projections on the rear face of the facing stone have internal faces that are inclined at an angle of β ≥ 180°- α, and sizes of the main stones are divisible by sizes of facing stones.
EFFECT: reducing labour intensity and material consumption for facing of external walls.
5 cl, 11 dwg
The technical field to which the invention relates.
The present invention relates to the field of building materials and construction elements, namely, the cladding of the building envelope.
The level of technology
A known system in which the main wall (OS), made of concrete, concrete and other stones or brick, monolith, concrete or other blocks is coated with a thin stones having on the rear face extending outward projections, and on the upper face of the facing stones are grooves for flexible metal fasteners (see RF patent for useful model №40246 from 10.09.2004).
When the clutch facing stones are mounted on a solution and are additionally flexible connections, which are attached either to the wall or to the metal grid mounted on the wall.
Flexible connections form a strong connection, but their possible corrosion decreases with time mounted facing stone (OK). It is therefore difficult ledges, forming a locking connection in the form of a "dovetail" allow when they are filled with mortar to create a solid connection OK and OC.
However, this solution has several disadvantages. First of all this complexity, as well as great solution flow rate, which should fill the space between the O and the OS (it is 10-12 mm), and the space between the projections. Increased consumption of the solution leads to the weighting of the cladding, and hence strengthening of the bases, i.e., all of this increases the cost of the construction. To reduce the flow rate of the solution, and opportunities facing OC in any weather the proposed solution, in which OK is attached without mortar using hooks that are installed on the OS (see RF patent №2307030 from 27.09.2007,).
The disadvantages of this method include the relative complexity of the fastening hooks themselves. Furthermore, the ventilated facade is not reliable and can be recommended only for low-rise construction or when facing no more than three lower floors of multi-storey buildings.
When you try to use the mentioned stones for multi-storey building using a solution will appear the same problems as in the previous, the above solution. In addition, there is the problem of reliable filling solution of the slots on the back OK, because the grooves in the mounting position horizontal.
Disclosure of inventions
To reduce labor and material cladding the exterior walls of buildings, a system of cladding, which OK done with the tabs on the rear face, which can be extended outside of the stone, and the OS runs from small stones, these to the Tits on their outer faces have grooves, corresponding to the protrusions OK and a few larger to OK was easily attached to the main wall stones (KOS) by means of adhesive, typically a thickness of 2÷4 mm
The above problem is solved due to the fact that the system is facing external walls include small major stones, of which laid an outer wall, and facing stones from the front, rear, top, bottom and side faces, and with vertical or horizontal projections on the rear face. The claimed system is characterized by the fact that the main stones have one or more grooves on the outer face of the respective one or more projections on the facing stones, and the sizes of the grooves is larger than the corresponding tabs on the amount of the adhesive joint that holds these stones, and the dimensions of the basic stones multiple dimensions of facing stones. At all the faces facing stone, except for the facade, can be made grooves or other roughness. Moreover, at least one of the projections facing stone can be extended to the side of the main stone. In addition, at least one of the projections facing stone may have a through or blind hole and/or trench along the side and/or top and bottom faces facing stone, parallel exterior faces. Also on top is th face and one side face can be made more protrusions, and on the bottom face and the other faces the corresponding slots, slightly greater in size than said additional tabs.
Brief description of drawings
The proposed invention will be explained below in more detail with reference to the drawings showing the following:
Fig.1 - General view of the invention;
Fig.2 is a fragment of masonry, top view;
Fig.3 - illustrates a variant, when the holes 7 are made on each protrusion 3;
Fig.4 is a variant of the laying of the corner, when at the top (Fig.4) OK no one at the ledge (see 2A), while the short end OK (see 26) no extreme ledge;
Fig.5 - examples of smooth forms protrusions 2;
Fig.6 - option, in which the stones 2 have a height that is twice smaller than the height of the stone is 1, i.e., H1=2H2;
Fig.7 is a variant in which the protrusions stone 2 are arranged horizontally;
Fig.8 - 1 stone in the masonry, where the angle α<90° provides a more reliable engagement of stone 2 to KOC 1;
Fig.9 - option, in which stone 2 no lower lip and the upper extending ledge 3 firmly clings to the stone 1;
Fig.10 is a variant of the masonry, where L2=1.5 L1;
Fig.11 - option, in which the top face of the stone 2 has a projection 16, which falls into the wider groove 17 located on the lower edge of the next stone 1.
The implementation of the invention
General view of the image is to be placed is shown in Fig.1, where
1 - KOS;
2 - OK;
3 - the tabs on the rear face of stone 1;
4 - grooves on the outer faces of KOS;
5 is a side OK;
6 is a top face OK;
7 - hole in OK;
8 - grooves on the rear surface of OK and ledges OK;
H1and H2- height of KOS and OK, respectively.
Adhesive required viscosity is applied on the outer face of KOS, then OK is put on KOS, as shown by the arrow a in Fig.1. Due to the grooves 8 on the surface, glued to KOS, is formed on the comb that allows you to increase the bonding surface and to reduce the effect of the surplus Stripping" of glue between the stones. This gluing operation can be performed at the factory KOS or directly at the construction site. It is desirable that the wwtf during the operation of the gluing was the outer face upwards. Thus in Fig.1 H1=H2.
After hardening of the adhesive layer between KOS and OK, tiled so the stone is then set in the masonry of the main wall on the solution (10-12 mm thick) or glue. In masonry walls due to the presence in it of the horizontal and vertical mortar or adhesive joints is not only the adhesion of KOS, but OK with each other. If one or more ledges OK to run through or blind holes 7, for reliability, you can periodically make flexible with the ides, hiding them in the mortar joints between KOS, especially in complex and important places, such as when laying angles, etc.
In Fig.2 shows a fragment of masonry, where
9 - the glue line between OK and KOS;
10 - mortar seam between KOS.
If the stones KOS are brought to the site collected with OK, the laying of such stones as usual. The tabs on the rear face of OK can be of different shapes, but it is necessary that at least one projection was expanding outward to provide additional gear OK and KOS, increase reliability of fastening of facing of the entire wall as a whole.
In the case of Assembly OK and KOS on the construction site can cause problems with the quality of the adhesive joint, because in the conditions of building more difficult to achieve the requirements on the viscosity of the adhesive, and the weather conditions can significantly complicate the work. In this case, the medial protrusions OK (see 3b in Fig.3) can be performed not expanding, and inclined to the rear face OK on the angle α<90° with external projections 3A and 3C, having outer faces, coincident with the side edges OK, have inner faces inclined at the angle β≥180°-α (protrusion 3A) and the angle γ>=α. The dotted lines 11 shows the case when β180°-α, and lines 12 - when γ>α.
In the variant shown in Fig.3, KOS applied adhesive 9, and OK is easily pressed to KOS as regular tiles. In Fig.3 p the cauldron option in which the holes 7 are made on each ledge 3.
Obviously, the further simplification of the system can be used OK without one or two extreme projections. This variant is shown in Fig.4 when laying the corner, when at the top (Fig.4) OK no one at the ledge (see 2A), while the short end OK (see 2B) no extreme ledge. For secure fastening between 2A and 2B of the top stone 1 padded bracket 13, which seminolecounty in horizontal mortar joints. For illustration in Fig.4 bottom stone 2A also mounted with the bracket 14, one end of which is put into the hole 7 and the other end may be branched, a more complex form, and can also be left in horizontal mortar joints. It is important to put the stones 1 and 2 so that the projections 3 was directed to the wrong angle, and an angle that will not allow under any circumstances fall out OK 2A and 2B stone 1. Adjacent stones 1, being connected to each other in the mortar seam 10 will provide reliable fastening OK 2A and 2B similarly.
In Fig.5 shows examples of smooth forms of the projections 2, which in the manufacture avoids unnecessary stresses in the rocks and to improve the quality OK, that may be made of concrete, ceramic, porcelain and so on
In Fig.6 shows the case when for architectural diversity, and to clothe treatment gluing OK and KOS, especially in the variants shown in Fig.1, 2, 5, 2 stones have a height that is twice smaller than the height of the stone is 1, i.e., H1=2H2.
Because the bonding of KOS and OK can be performed, including, and in construction, stone veneer can be laid in the wall until the adhesive between KOS and OK will harden. In this case, if the horizontal seam 10 is made of insufficient viscous solution, there is a likelihood that you just glued OK can under its own weight falls on the previous bottom row, which will lead to invalid referring lined the walls. To avoid such situations during the construction of enclosing walls, Fig.7 shows a variant in which the protrusions stone 2 are arranged horizontally. Because typical length L1stone 1 is larger than its height H1in this case, you can reduce the number of the projections 3. In Fig.7 there are only two top and bottom, and L1=L2H1=H2. The mechanism of bonding stones 1 and 2 is the same as shown in Fig.1.
In Fig.8 shows the 1 stone in the masonry, where the angle α<90° provides a more reliable engagement of stone 2 to 1 KOS. Horizontal analogy to the case shown in Fig.3, illustrated here by the dotted line 11, when the inner face of the lower protrusion 3A is tilted to the rear face of stone 2 at the angle β>180-α. In addition, in Fig.8 stone 2 no holes 7,and made additional chute 15, which allow you to have additional brackets 13 stone 2 and in blind or through holes in the stone 1.
This horizontal flange system 3 allows (unlike the case in Fig.4) not to think about where directed protrusions 3 in the masonry corners.
Further simplification of the structure shown in Fig.9, where the stone 2 no lower lip and the upper extending ledge 3 firmly clings to the stone 1. The presence of holes 7 or trench 15, as shown by the dotted line, you can provide additional fastening a flexible coupling 13 to the stone 1.
With such a simple fastening system is possible without difficulty in the more difficult conditions of the construction to ensure gluing stones 1 and 2. Moreover, it is possible first clutches of a number of stones 1, then they glued the stone-plate 2 of any length. Obviously, to reduce the amount of pruning stones length KOS L1and approx length L2should be correlated with each other. In Fig.10 shows that the L2=l,5L1. It is possible that L2=0,5 L1, L2=2L1that also gives additional architectural features.
Variant shown in Fig.9, allows us to simplify the manufacture of stone 2, but stone 1, which is very important, because in the case of "warm" wall stones, for example, from polystyrene, multislot claydite-concrete, opilkobetona etc. the presence of more than one notch on the facing surface reduces the strength of the stone. In the case of Fig.9 one protrusion 3, glued with 1 stone, little will change the strength of the assembled stone. And when you use the "warm" the above mentioned stones and similar cladding system, we have ready-to-wall small weight with a reliable and simple lining.
Further modification of the stones 2 are shown in Fig.11, where the top face of the stone 2 has a projection 16, which falls into the wider groove 17 located on the lower edge of the next stone 1. Here the stones 1 are connected by an adhesive solution 9. Obviously, similar protrusions may be on one side face of the stone 2 (shown by the dotted line 18), and on the other side should be the corresponding slots. This system of grooves and protrusions on the rocks 2 further ensures the reliability of attaching cladding to the OS without increasing construction costs.
1. System cladding the exterior walls, including small major stones, of which laid an outer wall, and facing stones from the front, rear, top, bottom and side faces, and with vertical or horizontal projections on the rear face, wherein the main stones are one or more grooves on the outer face of the respective one or more tabs on the bonds is ovocny stones, thus, the dimensions of the grooves is larger than the corresponding tabs on the amount of the adhesive joint that holds the stones between them, with at least one projection on the rear face of the facing stone slope to the rear face of the facing stone on the angle α < 90 , with external projections on the rear face of the facing stones have inner faces inclined at the angle β ≥ 180 - α, and thus, the dimensions of the main stones of the multiple dimensions of facing stones.
2. The system under item 1, characterized in that all faces facing stone, except for the facade, made grooves or other roughness.
3. The system under item 1, characterized in that at least one of the projections facing stone extends to the side of the main stone.
4. The system under item 1, characterized in that at least one of the projections facing stone has a through or blind hole and/or trench along the side and/or top and bottom faces facing stone, parallel exterior faces.
5. The system under item 1, characterized in that on the top face and one side face made additional tabs, and on the bottom face and the other faces the corresponding slots which are larger than said additional protrusions.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of glued laminar structures. Laminar composite comprises two surface layers of sheet material glued together and two inner layers arranged there between. Every said inner layer is composed by reinforced cellular structure of bamboo fragments shaped to plates or chips ob bamboo walls obtained by cutting the bamboo stem along the walls and across the stem. Cellular structure reinforcement is made with the help screen of glass fibre or glass fibre web. Note here that cellular structure is laid in screen or web and closed from above by another screen or web. Besides, this invention describes the versions of laminar material.
EFFECT: higher operating performances, decreased weight.
5 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: dowel for insulation material, designed to install heat and sound insulation material, has a spacer plastic rod, which is placed into a plastic shell, which on its outer surface has guides, spacer and fastening elements, which are divided into separate zones (A, B, C, D). The lowest end guide zone (A) ends with a cone, and the highest upper zone (D) forms a flat head. To achieve better deepening of the flat head into the material in the shell above the lowest end guide (A) there is a middle transition spacer zone (B), and above it - an upper wedge zone (C), besides, in the middle transition spacer zone (B) the shell comprises a spacer lug or, as an alternative, the transition spacer zone (B) by means of rupture links is connected to the wedge zone (C), in which wedge plates are installed.
EFFECT: improved design.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial and civil construction and is intended for attachment of profiles of hinged facade systems. A bracket for profiles of hinged facade systems includes a rear wall and plates of L-shape, on the first flange of which there are holes for attachment of profiles of the hinged facade system; with that, the second flanges of plates are directed from the bracket symmetry axis. Besides, the bracket includes a U-shaped profile located between the plates so that its middle flange is located in one plane with the second flanges of plates, and side flanges are parallel to the first flanges of the plates and rigidly attached to them; with that, the middle flange of the U-shaped profile and the second flanges of the plates form the rear wall of the bracket; besides, on the second flanges of the plates there are bracket attachment holes.
EFFECT: reduction of metal consumption; increase of load-carrying capacity and improvement of reliability of the bracket.
9 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a support washer, consisting of a support surface for a fastening element and a support surface for a base and a part connecting them disposed at different support surface levels, unlike the prototype, on the part, connecting the support surfaces, by version one radial waves are made along the entire length of the generating line, and by version two - only along their part; the radial waves are made with height, decreasing from the washer centre to the edge.
EFFECT: weight reduction and increase of the washer stiffness.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a painting canvas based on glass fibre intended to be applied on the inner surface of a building, which contains an agent capable of trapping formaldehyde, as well as a method of making said painting canvas. The painting canvas contains an impregnating agent and an agent capable of trapping formaldehyde which is selected from compounds with active methylene groups, hydrazides, tannins, amides, amino acids, peptides and proteins. The method of making the canvas involves feeding the canvas into a padding machine or device having two rollers, each having a centre tube for feeding the impregnating agent under pressure, followed by drying and collecting the canvas. The method includes a step of treating with an agent which is capable of trapping formaldehyde.
EFFECT: use of the canvas reduces the amount of formaldehyde inside buildings.
19 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to designs of facing panels with a relief surface and may be used in items designed to line surfaces both outside and inside premises. The facing panel, comprising a base and an outer layer, on the front surface of which there are relief elements, which form a pattern, comprising convex elements and/or grooves, differing by the fact that in the relief pattern formed by specified elements, convex elements are made with maximum size in plan in diameter of up to 25 mm, and grooves are made with width of up to 25 mm and with depth, not exceeding 0.95d, where d - thickness of the outer layer, besides, the pattern is made to comply with the condition Sc.e/Sang.=0.05-19.0, where Sc.e - total area of convex elements, and Sang. - total area of grooves, the base is made, for instance, from metal, from wood laminate, from fibreboard, from medium density fibreboard, from paper laminate, from veneer, from polymer material, from composite material with polymer binding hardened medium, and the outer layer is made of stainless steel, aluminium alloy, aluzinc, titanium, bimetal or composite material with thickness d=0.01-5.0 mm and with depth of relief of the outer layer 0.001-3.0 mm. The relief pattern is made with regular arrangement of convex elements and grooves on the front surface of the panel with random arrangement of convex elements and grooves or with mixed regular and random arrangement of convex elements and grooves on the front surface of the panel.
EFFECT: technical metal consists in development of a facing panel of anti-vandal version with simultaneous reduction of possibility to contaminate surface of a facing panel and to increase duration of preservation of consumer characteristics.
24 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, namely, to structures for facing of suspended ventilated facades (SVF) of built and reconstructed buildings and structures. The substance of the invention: a device for fixation of suspended facing panels on building facades in a hidden manner includes vertical guides made with slots, fastening elements made in the form of a shelf, comprising a base, besides, fastening elements are made as capable of their installation into the slots made in the vertical guides, engagement with the responsive fastening elements, installed on the rear side of the facing panels, with formation of a fixation unit, capable of rotation relative to the axis of the specified slots, besides, the responsive fastening elements contain adjustment screws, are fixed with the help of anchor dowels, and one of the responsive fastening elements comprises a fixator made in the form of a bracket.
EFFECT: device makes it possible to install facing panels with displacement along the vertical line relative to each other and with a protrusion relative to the surface of the facade, and also to combine hidden and open methods of fixation of facing panels, not changing configuration and dimensions of guides.
4 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to the field of construction, namely, building structures designed for protective and decorative facing of surfaces of walls and ceilings of buildings and premises. The technical result is achieved in that the tension bar facing made of plastic sheet material in the form of a quadrilateral perimetre walls forming the frame, wherein the plastic sheet material is fixed under tension at the core elements made from the walls of the frame by placing them on the outer side surface of the adhesive pad, wherein the plastic strain ratio of the sheet material is 1.4-3.6 %. Profiled elements are tubular and have for example a rectangular cross section. Tubular elements made of profiled aluminium. As plastic sheeting they use a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film, also colored. As the adhesive pads they use a double-sided adhesive tape.
EFFECT: increased service life of a panel designed for facing of surfaces, as well as simplification of its assembly/disassembly.
1 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of interior finishing for rooms includes assembly of panels that form walls, ceiling and floor. Panels are assembled of variety of single-layered plastic blocks and secured into a separate structure of interior finishing for the room. Blocks for such structures are made by means of plastics heating and pressure moulding. At that blocks are made of different shape and size, in particular, as main linear wall, ceiling and flooring blocks, angular upper and lower blocks, angular linear blocks, spacer blocks for outlining of openings and special blocks with through holes and channels from backside for the purpose of supply lines laying and different elements. Blocks are fabricated in parallel to construction of the building or preliminary against production drawing of each room of the building under construction. Block assembly method allows performance of the room finishing in several hours in buildings of different building construction types from multi-storied buildings up to private housing.
EFFECT: simplifying block structure, development of block assembly method for interior finishing of rooms in buildings of different building construction types.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: clamp for material for external finishing comprises a fixed sheet element, attached to the base of the building wall, a horizontal sheet element stretching in direction forward from the centre of the fixed sheet element, an upper support sheet element, stretching upwards from the front end of the horizontal sheet element. The upper support sheet element is made as capable of its entry into contact interaction with the lower end of the material for external finishing arranged on top from the specified clamp for the material for external finishing, to provide a support for the lower end of the element from the material for external finishing. Besides, the clamp also comprises a lower support sheet element stretching downwards from the front end of the horizontal sheet element, at the same time the lower support sheet element is made as capable of its entry into contact interaction with the upper end of the element from the material for external finishing arranged at the bottom from the specified clamp for the material for external finishing, for provision of the support for the upper end of the element from the material for external finishing. The clamp additionally comprises a receiving sheet element, at least a part of which is arranged on top from the horizontal sheet element. Besides, it is made as capable of its contact with the lower end of the element from the material for external finishing arranged on the top from the clamp for material for external finishing, to ensure the support for a part of element weight from the material for external finishing, arranged on the top from the specified clamp for the material for external finishing. The receiving sheet element represents a receiving support sheet element stretching to a fixed sheet element from the upper support sheet element. Also the versions of the clamp and the clamping structure are described, which contain one of the clamps.
EFFECT: prevention of application of a high load to material for external finishing arranged at the bottom and for prevention of damage and deformation of material for external finishing.
22 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly for producing decorative panels for facing outer surfaces of wooden prefabricated house.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying adhesive on panel surface; impressing granular material in adhesive applied on panel from below by pressing thereof to panel surface. Before granular material application panel is impregnated in melted industrial sulfur and then pre-coated. Device for granular material application includes container having through orifice, height-adjustable rod fixedly secured to plate by one end thereof and having pedal pivotally connected to another rod end. Rod may be displaced. Plate is made as container bottom for granular material movement to panel from below with pressing granular material in adhesive applied on panel secured in container by clamps. Panel faces granular material by surface coated with adhesive.
EFFECT: increased efficiency due to increased bonding strength of adhesive layer with panel and granular material with adhesive layer.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building industry, in particular mixture for production of finishing and ornamental articles.
SUBSTANCE: claimed mixture contains (vol. pts): bischofite aqueous solution 0.7-1.0; caustic magnesite 1.0-1.5; wood sawdust 2.0-3.5; and additionally iodinol pre-dissolved in bischofite aqueous solution 0.3-0.6. Also is disclosed raw mixture containing (vol. pts): bischofite aqueous solution 0.7-1.0; caustic magnesite 1.0-1.5; wood sawdust 2.0-3.5; and additionally crystal catnallite mineral introduced after caustic magnesite, wood sawdust and bischofite aqueous solution 0.25-0.40.
EFFECT: raw mixture with necessary serviceability and balneological effect for a long period.
3 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: building, particularly plastering and other works for wall forming with the use of profiled screeds.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying mortar on wall base; impressing profiled screed bars in mortar layer; repeatedly applying mortar of wall base up to obtaining mortar layer having thickness exceeding that of profiled screed bars; smoothing wall surface with the use of shaping tool sliding over profiled screed bar parts projecting out of the wall. Profiled screed bar comprises adjusting screws installed along bar length so that space between adjusting screws in irregular areas of wall base is less than that in regular areas of wall base. After profiled screed bars impressing in mortar adjusting screws are drawn out to rest the adjusting screws upon wall base and to provide vertical position of the profiled screed bars as well as necessary mortar layer thickness.
EFFECT: increased wall quality.
8 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly facing outer building walls with large facing panels.
SUBSTANCE: facing panel mounting device comprises body with at least one suspension bail and sliding support. Sliding support is movably fastened to body. The body consists of two plates connected one to another. Clamped between the plates are one bail wall and vertical wall of sliding support. The plates are used as guiding plates, the sliding support is formed of T-shaped profile. Panel displacement limiter is arranged on horizontal shoulder. Suspension bail may be formed of hollow rectangular profile. Profile may be suspended on horizontal bar installed on outer wall surface under panel to be mounted by suspension means secured to vertical posts. Suspension bail may be formed of L-shaped profile and may be suspended directly to lower panel.
EFFECT: simplified mounting of large facing panels, increased productivity, accuracy and safety of elevated job performing.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; methods of production of the raw mixture for manufacture of the finishing and ornamental construction products.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the methods of production of the raw mixture for manufacture of the finishing and ornamental construction products. The technical result of the invention is manufacture the finishing and ornamental products having the balneologic effect with the heightened emission of the aeroions of an iodine, magnesium and bromine during the long period of time of operation and at keeping the basic operational performances - such as the strength and crack-resistance. The method of production of the raw mixture for manufacture of the finishing and ornamental products includes intermixing the caustic magnesite with the sawdust, with the subsequent dampening of the mass with the bischofite water solution, the final intermixing. At that the mixture is introduced with iodinolum with amount of 0.3-0.6 volumetric shares, which is beforehand stirred with the water solution of bischofite. The alternative version of the method includes intermixing of the caustic magnesite with the sawdust and the subsequent dampening of the mass with the bischofite water solution and the final intermixing. At that the mixture is added with the crystals of the carnallite mineral of 2 mm to 10 mm size in the amount of 0.25-0.4 vol. shares. The crystals of the carnallite mineral are added right after the final intermixing of the basic components of the mixture, and stir during no more than 1.5 minutes.
EFFECT: the invention ensures manufacture the finishing and ornamental products having the balneologic effect with the heightened emission of the aeroions of an iodine, magnesium and bromine during the long period of operation and at keeping the basic operational performances - such as the strength and crack-resistance.
3 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: coverings or linings for instance for walls or ceilings.
SUBSTANCE: corbel comprises metal member to be fastened to building wall. The metal member is provided with longitudinal guiding means defined in cross-section thereof and adapted to direct insert installed in the guiding means. The insert has connection surface to attach curtain wall panels of building facing thereto. Metal member is made as box stamped of steel sheet and having rectangular cross-section. The metal member is provided with stiffening ribs located at box cross-section corners. Longitudinal guiding means are symmetric with respect to stiffening ribs and are arranged in vertical walls of the box. Horizontal walls of the box are made as double-sided bents created in fixedly connected upper and lower flanges. Transversal surface adapted to secure the corbel to building wall is connected to vertical walls by means of bents, which define two vertical stiffening ribs, and is provided with longitudinal groove. The insert is U-shaped and has longitudinal guiding means located at bents.
EFFECT: improved operational characteristics, increased load-bearing capacity, enhanced production technology, reduced labor inputs and costs of corbel production.
6 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises holder for facing member connection. The holder is connected to wall by means of at least one fastening member. The holder includes metal member with longitudinal guiders defined in cross-section thereof and has insert to be installed in the guiders. The insert comprises connection surface for facing member connection. Device also has horizontal and vertical profiles. Device is provided with two clamping plates for each facing panel. The clamping plates contact with horizontal profiles. Metal member is made as stamped box having rectangular cross-section and created of steel sheet material. The box is provided with stiffening ribs located in cross-section corners. Longitudinal guiders, which provide insert sliding, are symmetric about stiffening ribs and arranged on vertical box walls. Horizontal box walls are made as double-sided bends formed in upper and lower flanges and fixedly connected with each other. Transversal surface for device connection to wall is secured to vertical walls by means of bends, which create two vertical stiffening ribs, and is provided with longitudinal slot. The insert is U-shaped and has longitudinal guiders at bends thereof. Vertical profile is U-shaped and has stiffening ribs located in sides thereof. The stiffening ribs are made as bends folded through 180°. Horizontal support profile is made of sheet steel material and has vertical rear wall and horizontal support flange provided with orifices. Vertical face wall has double thickness and created as bend folded through 180°. Face bend is folded through an angle equal to that of face bend of straight clamping profile. The straight clamping profile is formed of steel sheet material and has vertical rear wall, horizontal support flange and face bent folded through, for instance, 45°. The straight clamping profile has spacing member.
EFFECT: increased easiness and reduced labor inputs for facing assemblage, simplified structure, increased load-bearing characteristics and improved performance, decreased material consumption and costs.
8 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.
SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.
EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.
5 cl, 21 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings.
SUBSTANCE: building tile has laminated structure. Tile includes visible upper plate and lower plate made of ceramics, clay or cement and defining tile substrate. Upper and lower plates are connected one to another by glue. To provide uniform glue layer, and to prevent bubble formation in glue or frangible zone creation lower plate surface to be connected to upper plate is made as dome with central point projected over remainder plate surface and declining towards lower plate edges.
EFFECT: increased strength of lower and upper plate connection.
10 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: civil and industrial building, particularly to erect or reconstruct buildings having facing of decorative or hanged heat-and-moisture protective panels.
SUBSTANCE: bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders made as flanging with inside directed edges to receive insert so that the insert may slide in horizontal direction. The insert is made as profile closed in horizontal plane and fixedly connected with the holder by means of at least two rivet pairs. Insert and holder are made of stainless steel or of galvanized steel. Holder flanging and insert flanging are formed on mating holder and insert edges. The insert also has additional flanging with inwards directed edges. The additional flanging has width exceeding that of holder flanging.
EFFECT: increased strength and reliability of hanged facing panel connection to building.
3 cl, 4 dwg