Amphibious vehicle wheel

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: amphibious vehicle wheel comprises bladed propulsors fitted on its hub. At least two blades of wheel assembly are composed of hollow conical scrolls of plastically pliable material, cone vertices being located in mirror axis of the scroll inlet bells. Peripheral part of said scrolls makes a segmented circle with the groove reinforced with the cord to extend through scroll cone vertices for strap spring to be laid therein with preinterference to connect said segments.

EFFECT: perfected design of bladed propulsors.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to vehicles and in particular to devices for movement afloat cars.

You know the wheel of a car-amphibians /see ed. mon. No. 1082633 (CL B60F 3/00) from 15.12.1982/ containing removable blade-men thrusters mounted on the drive wheels of the vehicle.

A disadvantage of the known wheels amphibian is unnecessary design complexity blade propeller driven into position by means of profiled copier.

To correct the noted deficiency in the wheel amphibious containing the blade-men thrusters mounted on the hub, at least two blades ravnopolochny in angular relation to the wheel Assembly made in the form of a hollow cone snails from provopoulos material, the vertices of the cones are located in the plane of symmetry of the input cups snails, peripheral part snails form a segmented circle with reinforced cord groove passing through the vertex of the cone snails, which can be laid with preload uniting the segments of the bracelet spring.

The proposed invention is a technical solution is illustrated in the figure.

We offer car wheel amphibious contains vane-men thrusters mounted on the hub 1, where at measures of the two (as in the figure) of the blade ravnopolochny in angular relation to the wheel Assembly made in the form of a hollow cone snails 2 and 3 of provopoulos material, the vertices of the cones are located in the plane of symmetry of the input cups snails 2 and 3, the peripheral portion of the snails 2 and 3 form a segmented circle with reinforced cord groove 4, passing through the vertex of the cone snails 2 and 3, which can be laid with preload unites segments of the folding spring 5.

We offer car wheel amphibious due to design features of the property combines the classic wheel of provopoulos material (e.g. rubber, reinforced with metal, and/or artificial and/or synthetic cord) for driving on land, wheeled, and movement afloat through vane-men movers, made in the form of a hollow cone snails that form in the periphery of the segmented wheel Assembly circumference.

The offered wheel is intended for use, in particular for a vehicle amphibious authoring /see patent No. 2489270 (CL B60F 3/00) dated 24.04.2012/.

Thus, according to the applicant, the proposed solution is new, involves an inventive step and is industrially applicable.

Car wheel amphibious containing the blade-men thrusters mounted on the hub, characterized in that at least two blades ravnopolochny in angular relation to the wheel Assembly done the us in the form of a hollow cone snails from provopoulos material, the vertices of the cones are located in the plane of symmetry of the input cups snails, peripheral part snails form a segmented circle with reinforced cord groove passing through the vertex of the cone snails, which can be laid with preload uniting the segments of the bracelet spring.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: wheeled propulsor for amphibian includes rotor with blades and casing with inlet and outlet holes. The rotor is made inside driving wheel which is attached to amphibia body using suspension. Wheel spokes executing the role (function) of rotor blades are made as propeller blades. The casing is installed and fixed on wheel suspension in position where its outlet hole made in size approximately equal to wheel rim diameter is brought into proximity with wheel rim with minimum allowable clearance, and guiding channel of outlet hole is turned towards aft, wake direction of amphibia.

EFFECT: simplification of design and higher operational durability of wheeled amphibia.

5 dwg

Vehicle propulsor // 2535503

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed propulsor consists of watertight hollow cylindrical pulleys to carry flexible belt consisting of rectangular-section chamber. Crosswise stiffness members are fitted into said chamber to divide it into bulks communicated via holes made in stiffness members. Belt outer side comprises vanes turning through preset acute angle.

EFFECT: better flotation.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to surface transport facilities. Motion and reverse braking of wavelet are driven by system composed of two interacting bodies, that is, wavelet with the set of primary elements of pulse transformers and secondary elements of pulse transformers. Every of the latter in primary element can reciprocate along its primary element in one side and in reverse direction at reverse speed. The latter is lower than its working speed that creates the difference between working and reverse pulses of secondary element. Set of pulse transformers consists of primary and secondary elements built around free-piston ICE. Every primary element is composed of cylinder with exhaust and vent openings at its centre. Starting openings are arranged at cylinder edges, heads and atomizer with holes are secured to cylinder edges. Every secondary element in pulse transformer unit is a free piston.

EFFECT: creation of pulse transformer unit.

7 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cross-country vehicles equipped with auger wheel propulsors to be used at the lack of roads. Proposed auger mobile comprises body with crew cabin and reclining area at its front for cosmonauts and power plant arranged at rear extending through auger mobile running gear transmission composed of two augers with helical tapes coiled in opposite directions. Rotary shaft is fitted at auger mobile front and rear parts, perpendicular to its lengthwise axis and parallel with horizon. U-like plate is fitted on the shaft and consists of two props and round crossbar connecting said propos to make the journals on every outer side of U-like frame. Ridged plates are welded between said props to round crossbar. Said shaft is driven by chain gear from reversing reduction gear mounted at auger mobile body.

EFFECT: better propulsive performances.

4 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed vehicle comprises watertight body, ICE, hydraulic system, rotary screw propulsors with screws driven by hydraulic motor via final drive. Said rotary screw propulsors are fitted on beams with output shafts secured at their ends by flanges with studs. Beams mid parts are connected by vertical axle arranged thereat, bearings and nut with watertight body. Beams are provided with vertical pins with roller arranged at equal distance from beam vertical axis, rollers being fitted in curve groove at watertight body. Ends of adjacent beam vertical pins are interconnected in pairs by two-way hydraulic cylinders. Driver cabin and compartment are arranged in one space and shaped to hemisphere and equipped with extra drive seat with remote control board, steering wheel engaged with metering pump connected in hydraulic circuit of two-way cylinders.

EFFECT: better propulsive performances, higher reliability.

10 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, in particular to keeping reserve buoyancy of military track machine in case of flooding habitable compartments during crossing water obstacle. Method of keeping reserve buoyancy consists in following: when habitable compartments are flooded signal is transmitted via electric wires from water sensor installed in habitable compartments to driver instrument panel. Driver switches on clutch by means of control element and via electromagnet with rod. The clutch transfers torque from internal combustion engine via shaft and through clutch to high-performance compressor. The compressor fills with air under pressure inflatable buoyancy chambers via gas distribution system while deploying foldable metal structures which are automatically latched.

EFFECT: increased displaced volume of combat vehicle is achieved, immersion is eliminated.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics, communications.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to information technology for alerting the public on emergency situations in places that are difficult to access and protecting the public from natural and manmade emergency situations. A mobile system for informing and alerting the public in places that are difficult to access consists of a vehicle in the form of a vessel (1) on an air cushion with cabin (6), a full-colour LED video screen (2) built into said cabin and audio devices which are information media, a control device, a screen protection device, a power supply system, video and audio information sources. The mobile system further includes a computer for creating information clips, digital, audio, text and video information. The cabin is sound, vibration and heat insulated. The mobile system provides rapid reliable delivery to the place of use and multifunctional operation. The range of distances for guaranteed reception and recognition of information may vary depending on the number of people, location and climatic conditions.

EFFECT: invention improves efficiency of alerting the public on emergency situations in places that are difficult to access and prone to flooding.

4 cl, 5 dwg

Amphibia // 2520665

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to transport machine building. In the first version, amphibia for use on ground and on water contains planing hull, three points of wheels mounting, propulsion device. Two of three points for wheels mounting are points for front wheels mounting each one of which is located at each side and in the front half of amphibia. The third point for wheel mounting is point for rear wheel mounting and located in central area in the rear half of amphibia. At each point of wheel mounting one wheel is located. Each wheel is movable between extended position for ground application and retracted position for application on water. Water propulsor contains two impellers or two screw-propellers each one of which is located at each side of rear wheel mounting point. In the second version, amphibia contains ground propulsor. The ground propulsor is one of the wheels. In the third version, amphibia contains primary engine which in ground version of amphibia use provides direct and indirect drive for one of the wheels. Power train for amphibia contains primary engine; the first propeller shaft; combined gearbox, variator and reducing gear; belt drive, the second propeller shaft, the third propeller shaft, the fourth propeller shaft.

EFFECT: better controllability and higher overwater travel speed.

7 cl, 47 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to universal transport facilities that can move in various media. Amphibious planning vehicle comprises hull with cabin, engine compartment, screw propeller with protective ring and inflatable floats with blowers. Contact surface of the floats is equipped with protective shell arranged to flex over their length. Said hull is composed of a wing-type deck with small elongation that features sweepforward leading edge. Wing-type deck tail has flaps deflecting up and down and furnished with extending tail skids. With flaps moving down, said tail skids brake the vehicle on surface of motion. Wind-type deck inner space is filled with foam plastic and fuel tanks.

EFFECT: higher speed and safety in planning, braking on ice and snow.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to high-flotation vehicles, particularly, those equipped with rotary screw propulsors. Proposed vehicle comprises ICE mounted at housing arranged at two rotary screw propulsors with screw ledges. Said screw ledges are composed of replaceable extension springs fitted with clearance over hollow smooth-surface cylindrical propulsors and secured by pone end with the help of parallel hitch plates and retainers at front in direction of motion. Said cylindrical propulsors and screw ledges make one-two-three or four-thread screw. Propeller screw is fitted on cylindrical propulsor axle at rear in direction of motion.

EFFECT: better running properties, reduced impact loads at propulsor components.

4 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: wheeled propulsor for amphibian includes rotor with blades and casing with inlet and outlet holes. The rotor is made inside driving wheel which is attached to amphibia body using suspension. Wheel spokes executing the role (function) of rotor blades are made as propeller blades. The casing is installed and fixed on wheel suspension in position where its outlet hole made in size approximately equal to wheel rim diameter is brought into proximity with wheel rim with minimum allowable clearance, and guiding channel of outlet hole is turned towards aft, wake direction of amphibia.

EFFECT: simplification of design and higher operational durability of wheeled amphibia.

5 dwg

Combined wheel // 2534165

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: combined wheel consists of two rows of small wheels a staggered at wheel rim. Small wheels are composed of conical pulleys combined by caterpillar tracks in elastically yielding version. Note here that pulley rotational axes can be located on common circle but no obligatorily.

EFFECT: simple manufacture, assembly and operation.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Vehicle propeller // 2532322

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design of all-terrain facilities and may be used in transport machine building. A vehicle propeller includes a driving hub with side and support rims installed on it and joined to each other. The hub is made as a planetary stepped gear, where satellites combined into an assembly made of two stiff plates, between which axes of satellites are pressed, serve as a drive for a rim with inner splints, and adjacent assemblies are connected by tightening bolts stretching via links of stiff plates of separate assemblies, and are fixed on the vehicle body. Transfer of torque from the drive shaft to the assembly satellites is provided by means of coaxial sun pinions of separate assemblies.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability of a vehicle propeller.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: on peripheral portion of wheel rim ring there are grousers which can be made in the form of waved band on outer generatix of toroidal rim ring and/or in the form of closed cylindrical spring. In this structure, supporting and side surfaces of toroidal rim ring may be rubberised up to or together with mounted grousers on toroidal rim ring and/or around it.

EFFECT: better gripping properties of toroidal hubless wheel with simultaneous simplification grouser mounting process.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport machine building, in particular to vehicle driving wheels actuator design including wheelchairs. Vehicle wheel contains central wheel of external gearing and kinematically connected with it via satellites wheel-rim of internal gearing . Gearing devices of central wheel and wheel-rim are made as ring support with fixed in the support toothed belt of structurally and technologically feasible standard size, and satellites are pulleys of structurally and technologically feasible standard size.

EFFECT: simpler design and manufacturing process of vehicle with wheels of different standard sizes which vehicle is used on various grounds including grounds with poor carrying capacity.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invalid chair wheel is provided with diametrically rolling carriage segments having a thrust support in the form of a corrugated rimmed disk. Wheel carriage consists of segments rolling by guided pins fastened with its one end on a disk of the smaller diameter arranged on an axis of the presented wheel on the side and fulfilling a function of a concentrator of all these pins. The carriage represents separate segments of one-piece rubber tires reinforced with reinforcing bars attached with one end to a wheel rim, while the other end of each segment is attached to a free end of each pin fulfilling a function of a segment rolling drive. The above segments are rolled by means of a lever handle scrolling the disk concentrating the pins whereto it is attached.

EFFECT: facilitating invalid chair motion up and down the stairs.

3 dwg

Wheel // 2529308

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: wheel consists of rim composed by spinning rollers running in bearings and fitted on spokes at vehicle axle. Every of two planes of rollers location mounted are staggered supplementary rollers fitted on spikes diving rollers location plane into sectors. Plane with supplementary rollers on carrier axle can vary the relative base from zero to well-taken magnitude with or without change in initial base of the planes in the wheel rim part. Note here that said rollers can be completely evacuated.

EFFECT: higher stability and capacity.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: wheel consists of rim composed of the solids of revolution with their axles running in one plane in bearings and fitted with the help of spokes on vehicle axle. Solids of revolution are composed of wheels, at least eight in quantity, fitted on wheel rim part of the vehicle configured as a ball bearing. Adjacent wheels are connected by levers making a four-link anti-parallelogram with hinges articulated with axles mounted equidistant in pairs in planes of appropriate wheel rims. Wheel stator part incorporates actuator that makes a solid periphery in wheel bearing part from at least two parallel wheels. Note here that said solids of revolution can be completely evacuated.

EFFECT: higher stability and capacity.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Chassis wheel // 2524281

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: in chassis wheel containing rim with multiple grousers on rim periphery, the rim is made in the form of cylindrical drum with two rows of through holes in which pneumatic spheres like sports balls are fixed by their nipple sections. Between pneumatic spheres, toroidal pneumatic cameras of reasonable size are installed which cameras are fixed on the drum of consolidating camera from inside by elastic band fixed at each nipple between pneumatic sphere and drum.

EFFECT: simplification of design and manufacturing process of chassis wheel, as well as increase in riding comfort.

1 dwg

Chassis wheel // 2524280

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: in chassis wheel containing rim with multiple grousers on rim periphery, the rim is made in the form of cylindrical drum with two rows of through holes via which interleaving rings of springs are passed - of outer spring functioning as grousers and of inner spring functioning as gear wheel. Herewith, outer spring can contain resiliently flexible tire inside itself. The outer spring can be rubberised and/or covered with elastomeric material.

EFFECT: simplification of design and manufacturing process of chassis wheel.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; wheel.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design of wheels for road vehicles for increasing their cross-country capacity, and in case of amphibian vehicles, for improving maneuverability and steerability afloat. Said wheel contains rim in form of four rods arranged at side of square. Two-side section of tire is fitted on each rod for turning, one side of tire being rounded off to wheel radius and the other is made flat. Section consists of several parts independently locked in any of two positions, in one of which rounded-off side of tire section is pointed to periphery of wheel, and in other position, its flay side is pointed to periphery. Wheel has round configuration in one position, and square in other position.

EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity and propulsive efficiency of wheel and its reliability and strength.

12 cl, 32 dwg

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