Installation for conversion of roll and pitch energy of going vessel

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: installation for conversion of roll and pitch energy of the going vessel comprises a body of anticorrosive material with ratchet mechanisms arranged in parallel to its sides, one end of the mechanisms is placed in the rear part of the installation while the second is in the front part and is fixed to the cylinder-shaped shaft. Both ends are interconnected by a circuit connected to side outputs of a rectangular tank placed inside the installation. On the top of the tank there are a front and rear handles. Wheels of the tank are placed at the rails fixed to the installation bottom. Between rails in the front and rear part of the installation there are spring-type brake systems consisting of a heel and a spring. At the installation top part, from inwards, at both sides there are gripping mechanisms, which consist of a latch hook, a lock and spring.

EFFECT: simplification of the installation design, reduction of manufacturing costs.

5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of alternative and renewable energy sources, namely wave energy and convert it to other uses, mainly in electric.

Known as a patent Vessel, fed and driven by the energy of pitching his body" (patent RU №2365520 23.08.2006,), which offers a sliding elements for the vessel, which is due to the energy pitching do the flight vibrations and generate electrical energy through a special system transformation.

However, the known technical solutions significantly impair the seaworthiness of the vessel due to the increase of resistance when moving vessels with retractable structures.

Also known for "the Way of energy conversion pitching floating tools" (patent RU №2046994 from 27.10. 1985), where the outside of the sides of the floating means place of the tank, partially filled with the working fluid and interconnected by a pair of conduits with hydraulic turbines and devices, providing alternate flow of the working fluid to flow during rolling. This turbine is installed in the end of the conduits at opposite sides. Due to the overflow of liquid from one tank to another generator blades are rotated, causing the electric generator to generate electric power.

In the data the m invention for placing the tanks on the sides of the vessel and connecting them to common conduits require changes to the design plan of the vessel, which leads to the deterioration of a number of qualities of the vessel, and alterations of the vessel requires considerable economic costs.

It is also known invention (patent RU №2472669, "Vessel using energy pitching corps" 31.08.2011 year). In this invention on a specially made frame is fastened located on the positioning rollers of the working body, which is free to perform reciprocating motion. On the working body on the common axes of the rollers are installing a brake mechanism, a mechanism for adjusting the position of the working fluid and a mechanism for energy conversion. Due to the reciprocating motion of the working fluid on the frame mechanism for energy conversion, located on a common axis, one pair of rollers, generates electricity.

The disadvantage of this invention is that the location of the mechanism of energy conversion in a working body makes passing him on the stationary part of the entire installation, as the working body is in a constant reciprocating motion. Manufacturing base with grooves for the working fluid requires special equipment.

Object of the present invention is an extension and simplification of some of the technical specifications for energy conversion, namely the simplification of the design of the facility, i.e., the decrease ZAT is at on the manufacturer, because no time is required for Assembly of parts, the production of which requires special equipment.

The technical result is achieved by simplifying the design of the facility and a mechanism for converting reciprocating motion with a certain amount of the working fluid inside, namely the output of the reciprocating energy on a common shaft, which is located outside the installation.

The essence of this invention that the device for conversion of pitching floating vessel includes a housing of corrosion-resistant material, the sides of which are parallel adjusting mechanisms, one end of which is located in the rear part of the unit, the other in front of and attached to the shaft of cylindrical shape, with both ends connected by a chain attached to the side conclusions a rectangular tank, located inside the unit on the tank top are the front and rear of the handle, and the tank is installed wheels on the rails attached to the bottom of the installation, and between the rails in the front and rear part of the unit are spring-brake system, consisting of the heel and springs, and the upper part of the unit on the inner side from both sides are exciting mechanisms consisting of a hook, lock and spring.

The installation presents the and Fig.1, where:

1. Body

2. Tank

3. Wheel

4. Rails

5. Front spring-brake system,

Rear spring-brake system

6. The right side guide body,

The left side guide body

7. The right side rail tank cars,

The left side rail tank

8. Right adjusting mechanisms

Left adjusting mechanisms

9. The right chain,

The left chain

10. Shaft

11. The bottom of the unit

12. The rear side part of the installation,

Front side installation

13. The right longitudinal side,

The left longitudinal side

14. Fasteners

15. Rear mounting shield,

Front mounting shield

16. The right side output

Left side output

17. The supporting beams of the shaft

18. The front gripping mechanism

The rear gripping mechanism

19. Fore grip tanks

The rear handle tank.

In Fig.2 is a view in vertical section of the installation:

1. Body

3. Wheel

4. Rails

5. Rear spring-brake system

6. The right side guide body,

The left side guide body

7. The right side rail tank cars,

The left side rail tank

8. Right adjusting mechanisms

Left adjusting mechanisms

16. The right side output

Left side output

19. Fore grip tanks

The rear handle tank

20. The working fluid.

In Fig.3 shows a view of mount installations and generator on the ship:

10. Shaft

21. Installation

22. Generator

23. Ship.

In Fig.4 provides a view of the construction of the spring-brake system:

24. Heel

25. Spring.

In Fig.5 Dan view of a horizontal section of the installation:

2. Tank

4. Rails

5. Front spring-brake system,

Rear spring-brake system

8. Right adjusting mechanisms

Left adjusting mechanisms

9. The right chain,

The left chain

10. Shaft

12. The rear side part of the installation,

Front side installation

13. The right longitudinal side,

The left longitudinal side

14. Fasteners

15. Rear mounting shield,

Front mounting shield

16. The right side output

Left side output

24. Heel

25. Spring.

Thus, the apparatus for energy conversion pitching, comprising a housing (1) made of durable metal material resistant to corrosion. On the housing (1) installation (21) on the sides parallel to each other are two pairs of adjusting mechanisms(Fig.1, Figs.5). One pair ratcheting mechanisms (8) on one side of the installation shall be located such that one end of this pair is located in the rear part of the installation is (21), and the other end in front of the shaft (10) and both ends are connected with the right chain (9) (Fig.5). The second pair of adjusting mechanisms (8) with the left chain (9) is arranged in a similar way. The shaft (10) is a metal cylinder made of corrosion resistant material mounted on the support beams of the shaft (17) (Fig.1). The shaft is located in front of the installation (12) (Fig.5). Chain (9) on both sides of the unit (21) is attached to the side findings (16), the side pins (16) are attached to the inside of the unit (21) of the tank (2) (Fig.5). Tank (2) is a tank of rectangular shape to accommodate a working fluid (19), which is made of stainless material(Fig.5). At the top of the tank (2) are located fore grip and tank rear handle tank (19) (Fig.1). Tank (2) is located on the rails (4), which is attached to the bottom of the unit (11) (Fig.1). Between the tank (2) and rails (4) are the wheels (3) (Fig.1). Between the rails (4) at the bottom of the unit (11) are spring-brake system, one spring-brake system (5) is located in the front of the unit, and the other spring-brake system (5) at the rear (Fig.1, Figs.5). Spring-brake system consists of the heel (24) and attached to the spring (25) (see Fig. 4). On the upper part of the unit on the inner side opposite to each other are uradni gripping mechanism and the rear gripping mechanism (18) (Fig.1). A gripping mechanism is a structure carbine, which has a movable part of the castle, which is fixed to the base unit pin. So the lock is automatically locked in the design of an exciting spring mechanism is used. Enclosure (1) installation fixed to the vessel (23) using the front mounting panel and the rear mounting plate (15) of the fastening elements (14). The mounting boards are made of material resistant to corrosion and are metal shields large diameter, attached to the unit body (21). In mounting the panels are drilling for fasteners(14) (Fig.5). Fastening elements (14) are made of the same material as the mounting boards, as fastening elements (14) can be used bolts large diameter.

Installation for energy conversion pitching of the vessel (23) works as follows (Fig.3). When the ship roll angle to starboard there is the first half of pitching, which lasts a few seconds. Located inside the plant tank (2) with the working fluid (20) under the action of force of gravity begins to move along the rails (4) to the starboard side to the front side (12) of the installation (Fig.1). When moving the tank (2) with the working fluid (20) are fastened to the sides of the tank (2) right side is howling conclusion and left side output (16) (Fig.1, Fig.5). When you move the right side o left side o (16) are driven attached to the right side output (16) of the chain and attached to the left side output (16) chain (9) (Fig.5). When moving the chains (9) provided in the rotary motion of the right adjusting mechanisms and the left adjusting mechanisms (8) (Feat.1, Figs.5). Right adjusting mechanisms and the left adjusting mechanisms (8) installation is arranged so that upon the occurrence of roll angle on the right Board and move the tank (2) into the front side (12) driven through a chain (9), the right adjusting mechanisms (8), one of which is located on a common shaft (10) and the other in the opposite part of the installation on the housing (1) begin to rotate the shaft (10) (Fig.1, Figs.5). During this half-cycle, when the tank (2) rolls to starboard, the right adjusting mechanisms (8) installed and located so that work on the rotation shaft (10), and the left adjusting mechanisms (8) installed and located so that are rolling through and not rotate the shaft (10), and can work a rotating shaft (10), only when the movement of the tank (2) on the left side, respectively, in the second half of pitching of the vessel. Upon the occurrence of roll angle on the left side of the tank (2) with the working fluid (20) starts to roll on the left side. In this half-period in the work shall become Evie adjusting mechanisms (8), one of which is located on the shaft (10), a rotating shaft (10) and the other in the opposite part of the installation on the housing (1) (Fig.1, Figs.5). Right adjusting mechanisms (8) are rolling through and not rotate the shaft (10). Right and left adjusting mechanisms are symmetrical (Fig.5). The whole system is adjusting mechanisms is constructed and operates according to the sequence of half-cycle pitching, and adjusting mechanisms are such an arrangement, which allows the shaft (10) to rotate in the same direction regardless of the direction of movement of the tank (2). The shaft (10) is bonded with the rotor of the electric generator (22) (Fig.3). Rotation of the common shaft (10) from plants (21) is transmitted to the electric generator (22), where it is converted into electricity (Fig.3).

The invention can be used as a source of electric energy on the floating tools. Installation with generator mounted on the vessel (Fig.3). Table 1 shows the power that can be output by one unit depending on the mass of the working fluid, in this case the tank, the length of the unit itself that will determine the time during which the working body can produce energy during the half-period pitch and angle of the vessel with side rolling.

To prevent unintentional and not provided for shock tank (2) operadng side and the rear side part of the installation (12) provided with front spring-brake system and rear spring-brake system (5) (Fig.1, Fig.5). Spring-brake system are as follows: in the first half of pitching when the appearance of the angle of roll of the ship on the starboard tank (2) slides into the front part of the installation (12), the motion of the tank (2) develops some speed and has a sufficiently large energies. At the bottom of the installation are mounted spring-brake system (5) (Fig.1, Figs.5). Front spring-brake system (5) stops and causes the speed of the tank (2) to zero when the movement of the tank in the starboard side. Rear spring-brake system (5) stops and causes the speed of the tank to a complete stop when driving the tank towards the left side. Unwanted bumps tank (2) on the front and rear part of the unit (12) can result in damage to the installation and to withdraw it from the operating state, and for spring-brake system will prevent unwanted and dangerous attacks.

A gripping mechanism is provided for the case of occurrence of stormy weather and allows you to capture and record the tank (2) installation on the time of stormy weather. When encountering stormy weather, the ship experiences a greater load, there is a large roll angle aboard the ship and there is a risk of tipping of the vessel on Board tank (2) inside the installation, develops Ogre is th speed and has a lot of energy, the ability to cripple spring-brake system (5), and can cause damage to the installation, i.e., represent a great danger (Fig.5). The front gripping mechanism and the rear gripping mechanism (18) is installed at the top of the front side and rear side of the setup (Fig.1). The front gripping mechanism and the rear gripping mechanism (18) to operate at the maximum allowable angle of heel cushions and grab the tank (2) with the working fluid for the front handle and rear handle (19), fixed at the top of the tank (Fig.1). Capture occurs, depending on the location of the tank (2) into the right or left side installation when stormy weather, fires and it captures one of those mechanisms, which during rolling of the rolled tank.

One of the main advantages of this setup over similar products is the ease of installation on vessels and removal when necessary. Has a relatively small size and simple in operation. In comparison with analogue for making this installation does not require the production of non-standard parts, which is economical costs. In similar work, the body was placed on the frame, to get more power design will have to increase, and for making the frame larger razmera which requires no small cost. The simple design of the proposed facility allows you to collect the installation from existing parts, which, of course, simplifies the implementation of data systems on floating vessels.

Another advantage of this setup before analogue is spring-brake system, which is located at the bottom of the casing installation and allows you to slow down the tank with the working fluid inside immediately before the occurrence of the blow tank on the wall. Such a system will allow to get all the produced energy of the working fluid and to stop him before the collision on the side walls of the casing installation. In the analog version of the previous patent was suggested to install the brake system on the axes of the rollers of the working fluid, which would contribute to the uniform movement of the operating body on the frame, such a system would reduce its energy due to braking of the working fluid and bringing them in uniform motion.

Installation for conversion of pitching a floating vessel, comprising a housing of corrosion-resistant material, the sides of which are parallel adjusting mechanisms, one end of which is located in the rear part of the unit, the other in front of and attached to the shaft of cylindrical shape, with both ends connected by a chain attached to the side of the output is a rectangular tank, located inside the unit on the tank top are the front and rear of the handle, and the tank is installed wheels on the rails attached to the bottom of the unit, and between the rails in the front and rear part of the unit are spring-brake system, consisting of the heel and springs, and the upper part of the unit on the inner side from both parties are exciting mechanisms consisting of a hook, lock and spring.



 

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Sailing ship // 2281880

FIELD: shipbuilding; sailing ships.

SUBSTANCE: proposed sailing ship has hull, rotary masts equipped with electric drive and rotary yards with sails, steering wheel and power sources. Wave-powered generators are used as power sources, each consisting of magnet armature connected with float and placed in vertical guide made of non-conducting material in form of tube with holes communicating it with surrounding medium and stator winding enclosed in box surrounding the guide. Ship has storage batteries to which current from wave-powered generator can be delivered. Ship can be furnished with computer to control riging and electric circuit of ship.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of fuel by engine of ship.

2 cl, 2 dwg

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