Spherical toilet seat units, their manufacture method and suspended container with spherical toilet seat units

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: group of invention relates to a toilet seat cleaning unit. Proposed is a toilet seat cleaning unit, a fragrance, at least one non-ionic surfactant as well as at least one alkylbemene sulphonate and at least one olefin sulphonate; the unit may be moulded in a rounding machine or press to produce a body symmetrical relative to the rotation axis, in particular - a ball, and is applied in a system composed of at least one cleaning unit and at least one dosing device.

EFFECT: unit swelling reduction.

21 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl, which contains a fragrance, at least one nonionic surfactant and at least one of Las and at least one reincorporate, and which can be molded by a rolling machine or in the press with obtaining symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation of the body, in particular a spherical body; in addition, the invention relates to a method of its manufacture, as well as to the system of at least one cleaning unit for a toilet bowl and the metering device.

Cleaning units for toilets, also known as free blocks have long been used for cleaning, disinfection and refreshment toilets under the rim of the toilet (so-called remblai), as well as in tanks (submersible units or bacovia blocks). In recent years, increasing importance of aesthetics and performance. This has led, for example, to develop a gel-like or liquid aromatic conditioners, which are sometimes offered in containers with multiple compartments and, thus, allow you to combine detergent, which is issued when the flushing of the toilet, with constant refreshment of the air in the room.

Along with this, the actual, in addition, solid toilet blocks. Them to date has been mainly the extra the Oia and then cut, so was often tipping square blocks for the toilet, which was then introduced into the appropriate containers.

These tipping blocks have the disadvantage that they swell due to hit the flush water container, washed down unevenly and lose their shape. However already after a short time remains unsightly block.

It was therefore desirable to develop an aesthetic free block beautiful form, which would in the course of its lifetime, washed uniformly and less swollen. At the same time the production of both economic and ecologically reasons should be carried out at as low as possible temperatures, as high temperatures may lead to loss of perfume oil.

Now unexpectedly been found that the formulation, which contains the flavoring, at least one nonionic surfactant and at least one of Las and at least one reincorporate, allows you to get round and, thus, aesthetic free blocks at temperatures of 30°C and below. These free blocks do not swell and due to their round shape is always to have minimal surface. Therefore, the flow rate when the flush occurs uniformly, so that after a large number of swabs keeps the original form.

Thus, j the invention is a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl, containing the odorant at least one nonionic surfactant and at least one of Las and at least one reincorporate, which can be formed by rolling the car or in the press with the receiving body, symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation. In particular, it is possible to manufacture spherical cleaning unit for a toilet bowl with high sphericity.

By the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl is usually used in the dosing device, for example, in the so-called container suspended on the toilet. Therefore, the next object of the present invention is a system of at least one proposed by the invention is a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl and the metering device.

By the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl can be manufactured by a process which includes the steps of mixing the components, the extrusion of the mixture, cutting the extruded rods on portions of certain weight and shaping the body, symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation.

Therefore, another object of the invention is a method of making symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation of the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl, which contains the flavoring, non-ionic surfactant, Las and reincorporate, comprising the steps:

a) see the solution components

b) extrusion of the mixture,

c) cutting the extruded rods portion of a certain mass,

d) forming in the body, symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation.

By the invention the system of the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl and the metering device can be used, furthermore, in the process of cleaning and/or refreshment, and/or disinfection of water closets in such a way that is filled with a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl dosing device is suspended in the toilet and when you start flushing the toilet dissolved components of the cleaning unit fall in wash water and there may exercise its cleansing and/or flavoring and/or disinfecting action. Therefore, the next object of the invention is a method of cleaning and/or flavoring and/or disinfection of toilets using system composed of the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl and the metering device.

Substances that serve as components of cosmetic products, if necessary, are referred to hereinafter in accordance with the International nomenclature of cosmetic ingredients (International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredient(INCI)). Chemical compounds according to INCI, denoted in English, botanicals are indicated, according to Linney, exclusively in Latin, the so-called trivial names, as "water", "honey" or "Mor is Kaya Sol", also listed in Latin. Denote by INCI taken from the directoryInternational Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook(seventh edition, 1997), published by The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association (CTFA), 1101 17th Street, NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036, USA, which contains more than 9000 INCI-signs, as well as links to more than 37000 trade names and technical designations, including the relevant distributors from 31 countries. ReferenceInternational Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbookdistributes ingredients for one or several chemical classes (Chemical Classes), for example, polyethers, and one or more features (Functions), for example, surfactants - detergents", which will be explained more in turn and on which, if necessary, will also be referenced.

Guidance on the CAS indicate that the next sequence of numbers we are talking about the designation according toChemical Abstracts Service.

In the framework of the present invention fatty acids, respectively, fatty alcohols or their derivatives unless otherwise stated, means a branched or unbranched carboxylic acids, respectively alcohols or their derivatives, preferably with from 6 to 22 carbon atoms, in particular 8 to 20 carbon atoms, particularly preferably 10-18 carbon atoms, most preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms, for example from 12 to 14 carbon atoms. The first choice is preferred for environmental reasons, in particular, for their plant-based as renewable resources, however, the technical solution of the invention is not limited. In particular, can also be applied oxo-alcohols, obtained, for example, oxo-synthesis Raelene, or their derivatives, preferably 7-19 carbon atoms, in particular from 9 to 19 carbon atoms, particularly preferably from 9 to 17 carbon atoms, most preferably 11 to 15 carbon atoms, for example, 9-11, 12-15, or 13-15 carbon atoms, respectively.

Perfume

The product contains one or more aromatic substances, preferably in quantities of from 0.01 to 10 wt.%, in particular from 0.05 to 8 wt.%, particularly preferably from 0.1 to 5 wt.%. As a fragrant component can be used d-limonene. In one particularly preferred form of implementation of the present invention, a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl contains the fragrance of essential oils (also called essential oils). In the framework of the present invention as such oils are applicable, for example, pine, citrus, Jasmine oil, patchouli oil, rose a little oil or ylang-ylang. Also suitable Clary sage oil, chamomile oil, lavender oil, clove oil, balm oil, mint oil, cinnamon leaves, lime blossom oil, juniper oil, vetiverol the e oil, olivanova oil, galbanum oil and labdanum, and oil wild orange flower, neroli oil, orange peel and sandalwood oil.

To be felt, aromatic substance must be volatile, and in addition nature of functional groups and the structure of chemical compounds also plays an important role in molecular weight. So, most aromatic substances have a molecular weight up to about 200 daltons, and a molecular weight of 300 daltons and above is the exception. Due to the different volatility of aromatic substances smell fragrances that consists of several aromatic substances, is changed by evaporation, and olfactory impressions are divided into "top note" (top note, middle note or heart note" (middle note or body), and also "end note" (end note or dry out).

Persistent aromatic substances in the framework of the present invention preferably can be used in fragrant oils are, for example, essential oils, as angelic oil, anise oil, Arnica flower oil, Basil oil, Bay oil, oil colors champaca, silver fir oil, oil of cones of white fir, elemi oil, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, pine oil, galbanum oil, geranium oil, Indian lemon grass, oil, guaiac wood oil GORODSKOGO balm, oil gels resume, oil Ho, ginger oil, iris oil, KeepAlive oil, airnogo oil, chamomile oil, camphor oil, oil kanagi, cardamone oil, cassava oil, pine oil, oil of balsam of copaiba, coriander oil, curly mint, caraway oil, Kumanovo oil, lemongrass oil, Ambrette oil, myrrh oil, clove oil, neroli oil, oil of nyali, albanova oil, organovo oil, palmarosa oil, patchouli oil, oil, Peruvian balsam, pedigreee oil, pepper oil, peppermint oil, oil of clove pepper, pine oil, rose oil, rosemary oil, sandalwood oil, celery oil, Budanova oil, thuja, thyme oil, verbena oil, before planting oil, juniper berry oil, wormwood oil, Wintergreen oil, ylang-ylang, Isupova oil, cinnamon oil, oil of Listev cinnamon and cypress oil.

However, in the framework of the present invention in perfumed oils as persistent aromatics or mixtures of aromatic substances can also with advantage be used high-boiling or solid aromatic substances of natural or synthetic origin. These compounds are set forth below compounds and their mixtures: ambrettolide, α-imilarity aldehyde, anethole, anise Aldagi is, anise alcohol, anisole, methyl ester of Anthranilic acid, acetophenone, benzylacetone, benzaldehyde, ethyl ester of benzoic acid, benzophenone, benzyl alcohol, borneol, barcelonetta, α-Postira, n-decroly aldehyde, n-dodecyloxy aldehyde, eugenol, methyl ether of eugenol, eucalyptol, farnesol, fenchone, fingerett, geraniaceae, geraniifolia, heliotropin, methyl ester heptylcarbinol acid, heptaldehyde, dimethyl ether of hydroquinone, hydroxycotinine aldehyde, hydroxycotinine alcohol, indole, iron, isoeugenol, simple methyl ester of isoeugenol, isosafrol, jasmon, camphor, carvacrol, carvon, simple methyl ester of p-cresol, coumarin, p-methoxyacetophenone, methyl-n-amylketone, methyl ester methylanthranilic acid, p-methylacetophenone, methylchavicol, p-methylinosine, methyl-β-nafcillin, methyl-n-nonracialized, methyl-n-nonillion, muskan, simple ethyl ester of β-naphthol, simple methyl ether, β-naphthol, nerol, nitrobenzene, n-nonrendered, nonlevy sleeps, n-octillery, p-oxoacetate, pentadecanolide, β-phenethyl alcohol, phenylacetaldehyde dimethylacetal, phenylacetic acid, Phlegon, safrole, complex amyl ester of salicylic acid, methyl ester of salicylic acid, complex hexyl ester of salicylic acid, a complex cyclohex the silt ester of salicylic acid, santalol, skatole, terpineol, time, thymol, γ-undelete, vanilla, americky aldehyde, cinnamic aldehyde, cinnamic alcohol, cinnamic acid, complex ethyl ester of cinnamic acid, a complex benzyl ester of cinnamic acid.

To volatile aromatic substances, which can profitably be used in the framework of the present invention in fragrant oils are, in particular, low-boiling aromatic substances of natural or synthetic origin which may be used alone or in mixtures. Examples of volatile aromatic substances are allylisothiocyanate (alkylarene oil), butandiol, limonene, linalool, minilateral and-propionate, menthol, menthone, methyl-n-heptane, phellandrene, phenylacetaldehyde, terminalarea, citral, citronellal.

Surface-active substance

By the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl contains at least one nonionic surfactant and at least one of Las and at least one reincorporate. Along with them may contain additional surfactants.

Alkylbenzenesulfonates preferred, in particular, compounds with approximately 12 C atoms in the alkyl part, for example a linear C10-13 Las, sodium. Preferred is entrusted reincorporate have a carbon chain length from 14 to 16. While the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl contains preferably from 10 to 70 wt.%, preferably from 20 to 65 wt.%, particularly preferably 20 to 30 wt.% the Las and preferably from 10 to 30 wt.%, preferably from 15 to 30 wt.%, particularly preferably 15 to 25 wt.% reincorporate.

Non-ionic surfactants

Non-ionic surfactants in the framework of the invention can be alkoxylate as polyglycolic ether, polyglycidyl ether fatty alcohol, polyglycidyl ether of alkylphenol, polyglycolic ether with dangling terminal groups, mixed ethers and mixed simple hydroxyether and complex polyglycolide esters of fatty acids. Applicable also block copolymers of ethylene oxide with propylene oxide, alkanolamide fatty acids and polyglycolic ether fatty acids. Another important class of nonionic surfactants that can be used according to the invention are polyol as one surface-active substances, among them especially surfactants based on glycols, as alkylpolyglycoside and glucoside fatty acids. Particularly preferred alkylpolyglycoside, in particular alkylpolyglucoside, and above all, alkoxylated fatty alcohols (polyglycolic ether fatty JV the mouth).

The preferred alkoxylated fatty alcohols are alkoxysilane with ethylene oxide (EO) and/or propylene oxide (PO), unbranched or branched, saturated or unsaturated C8-22-alcohols with a degree of alkoxysilane to 30, preferably ethoxylated C12-22-fatty alcohols with a degree of amoxilonline less than 30, preferably from 12 to 28, in particular from 20 to 28, particularly preferably 25, for example ethoxylates C16-18-fatty alcohol with 25 EO.

Alkylpolyglycoside are surface-active substances, which can be obtained by the reaction of sugars and alcohols appropriate method of preparative organic chemistry, and depending on the type of preparation to receive the mixture monoalkylamines, oligomeric or polymeric sugars. The preferred alkylpolyglycoside are alkylpolyglucoside, and particularly preferred alcohol is a long chain fatty alcohol or a mixture of long-chain fatty alcohols with branched or unbranched alkyl chains of the C8-C18and the degree of oligomerization (DP) sugars from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6, in particular from 1.1 to 3, most preferably from 1.1 to 1.7, for example, C8-10-alkyl-1,5-glucoside (DP equal to 1.5).

The ethoxylates of fatty alcohols are preferably used in quantities of up to 20 wt is.%, particularly preferably from 4 to 12 wt.%, especially preferably from 7 to 9 wt.%. Along with it may contain additional non-ionic surfactants, for example alkanolamide fatty acids and/or alkylpolyglycoside, in amounts up to 10 wt.%.

Additional anionic surfactants

As additional anionic surfactants in the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl can contain aliphatic sulfates, as the sulfates of fatty alcohols, simple ethersulfate fatty alcohols, sulfates dialkylamino esters, monoglycerides, and aliphatic sulfonates, as alkanesulfonyl, simple ethersulfate, simple n-alkylarylsulfonate, complex ethersulfate and ligninsulfonate. In the framework of the present invention is applicable also cyanamide fatty acids, sulfosuccinate (ester sulfonterol acid), in particular mono - and di-C8-C18-alkilany ether sulfonterol acid, sulfosuccinate, sulfosuccinimidyl, isethionate fatty acids, acylaminoalkyl (Taurids fatty acids), sarcosinate fatty acids, ethers, carboxylic acids and alkyl(ether)phosphates, and salts of fatty α-sulfonic acids, acellularity, monoglycerides and simple alkalemia esters of glyceroglycolipids.

In frames of the Ah of the present invention preferably sulfates of fatty alcohols and/or simple ethersulfate fatty alcohols, in particular sulfates of fatty alcohols. Sulfates of fatty alcohols are products of reactions of sulfation of the corresponding alcohols, and simple ethersulfate fatty alcohols are products of reactions of sulfation alkoxysilane alcohols. Under alkoxycarbonyl alcohols specialist generally understand the reaction products of accelerated, preferably ethylene oxide, with alcohols, in the context of the present invention preferably long-chain alcohols. As a rule, from n moles of ethylene oxide and one mole of alcohol, depending on the reaction conditions, produces a complex mixture of products attach different degrees of amoxilonline. The following form of the implementation of alkoxysilane is to use mixtures of alkalisation, preferably a mixture of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide. Preferred simple ethersulfate fatty alcohol sulfates are nizkoeffektivnyh fatty alcohols with 1-4 ethylenoxide links (EO), in particular from 1 to 2 EO, for example 1,3 EO.

Anionic surfactants are preferably used as sodium salts, but can also be present as salts of other alkali or alkaline earth metals, for example magnesium salts, and ammonium or mono-, di-, tri - or tetraamines salts, in the case of the sulfonates in formei appropriate acids, for example dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid.

In addition to these still types of surfactants tool according to the invention may in addition also contain cationic and/or amphoteric surfactants.

Suitable amphoteric surfactants are, for example, betaines of the formula (RIII)(RIV)(RV)N+CH2COO-in which RIIImeans alkyl residue (optionally interrupted by heteroatoms or groups of heteroatoms) 8-25, preferably 10 to 21 carbon atoms, and RIVand RVdenote identical or different alkyl residues with 1 to 3 carbon atoms, in particular C10-C18-alkyldimethylbenzylammonium and C11-C17-alkilamidopropildemetilaminobetain.

Suitable cationic surfactants are, among others, the Quaternary ammonium compounds of the formula (RVI)(RVI)(RVII)(RIX)N+X-in which the residues RVIfor RIXmean four identical or diverse alkyl residue, in particular two long and two short chain, and X-means anion, in particular a halide ion, such as didecyldimethylammoniumchloride, alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride and mixtures thereof.

Further components

In addition to these still components offered by the invention is a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl can contain the following commonly used units for cleaning toilet bowls components, preferably selected from the group consisting of acids, bases, salts, thickeners, antimicrobial active substances, preservatives, complexing agents, polymers, dyes, flavorings, flavor enhancers, fillers, detergents and additives, brighteners, corrosion inhibitors, regulators washing, enzymes, microorganisms, active substances for the removal of biofilms, the active substance for inhibiting scale deposits, active substances for reducing the retention of dirt, active substances for improving processing AIDS, active substances to reduce stickiness, as well as mixtures thereof. In sum should contain not more than 60 wt.% these further components, preferably from 0.01 to 60 wt.%, in particular from 0.2 to 15 wt.%.

Acid

Cleaning blocks for a toilet bowl according to the invention can enhance the efficiency of the purification from lime and bladder stone to contain one or more acids and/or their salts. Preferably, the acid is obtained from renewable resources. Therefore, as acids are suitable, in particular, organic acids as formic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, g is ikalawa acid, lactic acid, succinic acid, adipic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid and gluconic acid, and mixtures thereof. In addition, can also be used inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid and nitric acid, or sulfamic acid, or a mixture thereof. Particularly preferred acids and/or their salts selected from the group consisting of citric acid, lactic acid, formic acid, and their salts, and mixtures thereof. They are preferably used in quantities of from 0.01 to 10 wt.%, particularly preferably from 0.2 to 5 wt.%.

Along with this, in one preferred form of implementation, the tool contains inorganic salts, preferably salts of alkali or alkaline earth metals, in particular carbonates, sulphates, chlorides or phosphates, and mixtures thereof. Particularly preferably used are sodium sulfate and/or sodium carbonate. While the sodium sulfate can be used in amounts of up to 60 wt.%, preferably from 0.01 to 60 wt.%, particularly preferably from 20 to 60 wt.%, in particular from 35 to 55 wt.%. Sodium carbonate and other salts may contain up to 30 wt.%, preferably up to 10 wt.%, particularly preferably up to 5 wt.%.

Foundation

In addition, the tool according to the invention may also contain alkali. As the basis of any in the media according to the invention are preferably used grounds from the group of hydroxides and carbonates of alkali and alkaline earth metals, in particular, sodium carbonate or sodium hydroxide. However, along with this can also be applied ammonia and/or alkanolamine containing up to 9 C atoms in the molecule, preferably ethanolamines, in particular monoethanolamine.

Antimicrobial active substance

A special form are cleaning disinfection and sanitation. Therefore, in the corresponding private form of the invention, the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl contains one or more antimicrobial active substances, preferably in quantities of from 0.01 to 1 wt.%, preferably from 0.02 to 0.8 wt.%, in particular from 0.05 to 0.5 wt.%, particularly preferably from 0.1 to 0.3 wt.%, highly preferably 0.2 wt.%.

The concept of disinfection, sanitation, antimicrobial activity and antimicrobial active substance in the framework of the invention solutions have their usual professional values. While disinfection in the narrow sense of medical practice means the destruction, theoretically all of the infectious agents, under the reorganization should be understood as the complete elimination of all microorganisms, even the usually harmless to humans saprophytic microorganisms. At this scale disinfection or sanitization depends on the antimicrobial action of the applicable funds, which decreases with a decrease in the content of proteomika the th active substances or increase dilution funds for its implementation.

According to the invention are suitable, for example, antimicrobial active substances from the groups of alcohols, aldehydes, antimicrobial acids or their salts, esters of carboxylic acids, acid amides, phenols, phenol derivatives, biphenyls, diphenylalkanes, derivatives of urea, O-, N-acetals, as well as formula, benzamidine, isothiazole and their derivatives, as isothiazoline and isothiazolinones, derived phthalimido, pyridine derivatives, antimicrobial surface-active compounds, guanidines, antimicrobial amphoteric compounds, quinoline, 1,2-dibromo-2,4-dicyanobutane, iodine-2-propynylbutylcarbamate, iodine, iodophor, connections, chip off the active chlorine and peroxides. Preferred antimicrobial active substance is preferably selected from the group consisting of ethanol, n-propanol, isopropanol, 1,3-butanediol, Phenoxyethanol, 1,2-propylene glycol, glycerol, undecylenoyl acid, citric acid, lactic acid, benzoic acid, salicylic acid, thymol, 2-benzyl-4-chlorophenol, 2,2'-methylene-bis-(6-bromo-4-chlorophenol), simple 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether, N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-urea, N,N'-(1,10-decandiol-1-pyridinyl-4-ilidene)-bis-(1-octanamide)-dihydrochloride, N,N'-bis-(4-chlorophenyl)-3,12-diimino-2,4,11,13-tetraaza-tetradecanamide, antimicrobial Quaternary surfactant with the organisations, guanidine and sodium dichloroisocyanurate (DCI, 1,3-dichloro-5H-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-trione sodium salt). Preferred having antimicrobial action, surface-active Quaternary ammonium compounds contain, sulfonato, fosfonovoi, iodonium or Arsenieva group. In addition, can also be used essential oils with antimicrobial action, which simultaneously serve as the fragrance a detergent. However, particularly preferred antimicrobial active substances selected from the group consisting of salicylic acid, Quaternary surfactants, in particular benzalkonium chloride, peroxo compounds, in particular hydrogen peroxide, alkali metal hypochlorite, sodium dichloroisocyanurate, and mixtures thereof.

Preservatives

Preservatives may also be contained in the proposed invention the cleaning blocks for the toilet. As such, can be used mainly substances listed among the antimicrobial active substances.

The complexing agents

The complexing agents (Chelating Agents according to INCI), also called the airing, are components that are capable of binding to the complex and inactivate metal ions to suppress their negative impact on the stability or appearance tools, such as turbidity. With one of the second side, it is important to link the complex is incompatible with many of the ingredients ions of calcium and magnesium from hard water. On the other hand, the binding of the complex ions of heavy metals, such as iron or copper, slows down the oxidation decomposition of the finished tools. In addition, complexing agents help cleaning action.

Suitable, for example, the following marked according to INCI complexing agents: Aminotrimethylene Phosphonic Acid, Beta-Alanine Diacetic Acid, Calcium Disodium EDTA, Citric Acid, Cyclodextrin, Cyclohexanediamine Tetraacetic Acid, Diammonium Citrate, Diammonium EDTA, Diethylenetriamine Pentamethylene Phosphonic Acid, Dipotassium EDTA, Disodium Azacycloheptane Diphosphonate, Disodium EDTA, Disodium Pyrophosphate, EDTA, Etidronic Acid, Galactaric Acid, Gluconic Acid, Glucuronic Acid, HEDTA, Hydroxypropyl Cyclodextrin, Methyl Cyclodextrin, Pentapotassium Triphosphate, Pentasodium Aminotrimethylene Phosphonate, Pentasodium Ethylenediamine Tetramethylene Phosphonate, Pentasodium Pentetate, Pentasodium Triphosphate, Pentetic Acid, Phytic Acid, Potassium Citrate, Potassium EDTMP, Potassium Gluconate, Potassium Polyphosphate, Potassium Trisphosphonomethylamine Oxide, Ribonic Acid, Sodium Chitosan Methylene Phosphonate, Sodium Citrate, Sodium Diethylenetriamine Pentamethylene Phosphonate, Sodium Dihydroxyethylglycinate, Sodium EDTMP, Sodium Gluceptate, Sodium Gluconate, Sodium Glycereth-1 Polyphosphate, Sodium Hexametaphosphate, Sodium Metaphosphate, Sodium Metasilicate, Sodium Phytate, Sodium Polydimethylglycinophenolsulfonate, Sodium Trimetaphosphate, TEA-EDTA, TEA-Polyphosphate, Tetrahydroxyethyl Ethylenediamine, Tetrahydroxypropyl Ethylenediamine, Tetrapotassium Etidronate, Tetrapotassium Pyrophosphate, Tetrasodium EDTA, Tetrasodium Etidronate, Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate, Tripotassium EDTA, Trisodium Dicarboxymethyl Alaninate, Trisodium EDTA, Trisodium HEDTA, Trisodium NTA, and Trisodium Phosphate.

Polymers

By the invention a cleaning unit for which nitza maybe in addition, contain polymers. They can serve, for example, reduce the formation of lime, and a propensity for re-contaminated.

While the preferred polymers are acrylic polymers, which are available in sale, for example, by the company Rhodia under the trade name Mirapol.

Fragrances and dyes

As further components of the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl can contain one or more aromatic substances and/or one or more dye (colorant according to INCI). The dyes can be applied as water-soluble and oil-soluble dyes, and should take into account, on the one hand, compatibility with other components, such as bleach, on the other hand, used the dye should not have a significant influence on the porcelain of the toilet bowl and with prolonged exposure. The dyes are preferably in amounts of from 0.0001 to 0.1 wt.%, particularly from 0.0005 to 0.05 wt.%, particularly preferably 0.001 to 0.01 wt.%.

Washing additive

In the proposed invention the blocks for cleaning the bowl if necessary there can be used water-soluble and/or water-insoluble detergent additives. While the preferred water-soluble detergent additive as they are, as a rule, the less likely is delivered solid surface of the insoluble residues. Conventional detergent additives that can be added in the framework of the invention are low molecular weight polycarboxylic acids and their salts, homopolymer and copolymer of polycarboxylic acids and their salts, citric acid and its salts, carbonates, phosphates and silicates. To water-insoluble detergent additives include zeolites, which can also be used, as well as mixtures of the above detergent.

Bleach

According to the invention, in the cleaning agent can be added bleach. Suitable bleaches contain peroxides, percolate and/or perborate, especially preferred hydrogen peroxide. In contrast, the sodium hypochlorite in cleaners having acid properties, due to the release of toxic fumes of chlorine is less well-suited, but it can be used in cleaners that have alkaline properties. Under certain conditions, along with bleach you may also need a bleaching activator.

Corrosion inhibitors

Suitable corrosion inhibitors (corrosion inhibitors, according to INCI) are, for example, the following substances listed under the INCI name: Cyclohexylamine, Diammonium Phosphate, Dilithium Oxalate, Dimethylamino Methylpropanol, Dipotassium Oxalate, Dipotassium Phosphate, Disodium Phosphate, Disodium Pyrophosphate, Disodium Tetrapropenyl Succinate, Hexoxyethyl Diethylammonium, Phosphate, Nitromethane, Potassium Silicate, Sodium Aluminate, Sodium Hexametaphosphate, Sodium Metasilicate, Sodium Molybdate, Sodium Nitrite, Sodium Oxalate, Sodium Siicate, Stearamidopropyl Dimethicone, Tetrapotassium Pyrophosphate, Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate, Triisopropanolamine.

Regulators wash

Substances called regulators washing, serve primarily to regulate the flow of funds so that was maintained for the planned service life. As regulators are suitable preferably solid long-chain fatty acids, like stearic acid, and salts of such fatty acids, ethanolamine fatty acids, as monoethanolamide fatty acids of coconut oil, or fatty glycols, for example, with a molecular weight of from 10000 to 50000.

Active substances to reduce the tack

To improve the workability in the manufacture of the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl can be added to the active substance to reduce stickiness. So, adding dolomite powder or powder of titanium dioxide with a fine distribution of particles improves the characteristics of the processing in the case of a spherical form and significantly reduces friction or stickiness.

The results of such active substances better than other conventional measures, such as coating the balls with grease, dusting or coating forming rolls of Teflon.

Enzymes

The tool may also contain an enzyme, preferably a protease, lipase, amylase, hydrolases and/or the cellulite, tighten the PS. They can be added to the tool according to the invention in any recognized in the prior art form. These include solutions of enzymes, preferably possible concentrated, with low water content and/or mixed with stabilizers. Alternative enzymes can be enclosed in the shell, for example by spray drying or extrusion of the enzyme solution together with a polymer, preferably natural, or used in the form of capsules, for example, in which the enzymes are in a frozen gel or capsule type, core-shell, which contains the enzymes of the core is covered with impermeable to water, air and/or chemicals protective layer. In the layered structure may optionally be further active substances, such as stabilizers, emulsifiers, pigments, bleaches or dyes. Such capsules get by known methods, for example, vibration granulation or granulation by roller granulator or in a fluidized bed. Such pellets is advantageous, for example, low dust content by applying film-forming polymer and the storage stability thanks to the floor.

In addition, in containing enzymes tools may contain stabilizers enzymes to protect the invention, the tool containing the EN zymes is s, from damage, such as inactivation, denaturation or decomposition due to physical influences, oxidation or proteolytic cleavage. As stabilizers enzymes are particularly suitable depending on the enzyme: hydrochloride of benzamidine, borax, boric acid, boranova acid or their salts or esters, primarily derivatives with aromatic groups, for example substituted phenylboronic acid, respectively, their salts or esters; peptidergic (oligopeptides with the restored terminal C), aminoalcohols, as mono-, di-, triethanol - and-propanolamine and mixtures thereof, aliphatic carboxylic acids up to C12as succinic acid, other dicarboxylic acids or salts of these acids; amicalmente fatty acids with dangling terminal groups; lower aliphatic alcohols, especially polyols, for example glycerol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol or sorbitol; and reducing agents and antioxidants as sodium sulfite, and reducing sugar. Other suitable stabilizers known from the prior art. Preferably used combinations of stabilizers, for example, a combination of polyols, boric acid and/or borax, the combination of boric acid or borate, recovery of salts and succinic acid or other dicarboxylic acids or the combination of boric the acid or borate with polyols or polyamino-compounds and with reducing salts.

Multilayer cleaning blocks to bowl

In the prior art, for example from the document EP 791047B1, you know the manufacturer of the cleaning blocks for a bowl of masses of different composition, one of the masses is completely or partially surrounded by another or other masses. For example, the internal mass may have higher concentrations of odorants than the outer, so that the continuation of the period of use to ensure a constant sense of smell when decreasing the mass of the ball, or internal mass contains more aromatic substance than the outer. In addition, different layers can be entered also other active substances that are released at different times depending on the degree of flushing. This layered structure is also possible with the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl.

The degree of sphericity

A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl preferably has a degree of sphericity Ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

The degree of sphericity Ψ of the body K is the ratio of body surface to the surface of the ball is equal to the volume:

Ψ=π1/3(6Vp)2/3Ap

where Vpmean volume of the body, and Ap- its surface.

Thanks to the almost perfectly spherical shape of the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl results in an even flow when flushing a cleaning unit, so that the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl essentially retains its spherical shape during or after the process of flushing and the corresponding flow rate of the cleaning unit. It turned out in particular that a high degree of sphericity Ψ of the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl before flushing water is crucial to maintain the spherical shape during or after the process of flushing.

The diameter of the spherical free block is preferably from 1 mm to 10 cm, preferably from 5 mm to 5 cm, particularly preferably from 1 cm to 3 see

A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl is introduced into the metering device, which secures the holder to the edge of the bowl. For this approach, first, the container with the junction element to flush water that has already been described in the prior art, for example in DE 102008037723, and which may contain one or more cleaning units for toilets. This is more precisely illustrated in Fig.1-6. Secondly, it is possible to apply one or several open plates, which are respectively one or more cleaning units for a toilet bowl, as shown in Fig.7. We offer the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl and the metering device together form a system. Accordingly, it can be used in the process of cleaning and/or refreshment, and/or disinfection of toilets so that the metering device, which is a cleaning unit, attached to the toilet and when you start flushing the toilet dissolved components of the cleaning unit fall in wash water and they can show their a cleaning and/or flavoring and/or disinfecting action.

In the attached drawings are explained appropriate metering device for the invention of the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl. In particular, it is shown:

Fig.1 is suspended on the toilet container located above the inlet of the distribution element for flush water, side view.

Fig.2 is suspended on the toilet container below the inlet of the distribution element for flush water, side view.

Fig.3 is suspended on the toilet container placed in a number of capacities and distribution element for flush water, top view.

Fig.4 is suspended on the toilet container for solid or gel-like compositions with a spherical tanks and distribution element for flush water, a perspective view.

Fig.5 is suspended on the toilet container for solid or gel-like compositions with a spherical tanks and distribution element with avnoj water, the front view.

Fig.6 - loaded flush with water, suspended on the toilet container for solid or gel-like compositions with a spherical tanks and distribution element for flush water, a schematic representation

Fig.7 - plate metering device with a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl.

The LIST of ITEMS FOR REFERENCE

1 the Metering device

2 Holder

3 Capacity

4 Cleaning the unit for a toilet bowl

5 Inlet

6-Outlet

7 vessel Wall

8 Distribution element for flush water

9 Spring

10 Spring

11 Distribution

12 Bearing

13 Connection

14 the far end of the

15 Thorn

16 Plate

The first form of implementation shown in Fig.1 and shows the side view of the dosing device 1 to a cleaning unit 4 to the toilet bowl above the inlet 5 of the distribution element 8 for the flush water. The metering device 1 consists of a tank 3, which at its upper edge has an inlet opening 5, through which the flushing water can enter through the distribution element 8 for the flush water in the tank 3. Part of capacity 3 wash water, slightly dissolve in the tank 3 of the cleaning unit 4 to the toilet, and now filled the appropriate composition flush water pok which gives the tank 3 through the outlet 6 and enters the inside of the bowl.

The distribution element 8 for the flush water in the form shown the implementation is made in the form of a plate. However, it is also possible, for example, Cup-shaped, zheloboobraznogo structures in the form of an inclined platform, and any combinations thereof. The distribution element 8 for the flush water is captured in the flow of flushing water of the toilet, and usually the direction of the main flow of flush water, which is indicated by the arrow directed downwards in the direction of gravity. The flow of flush water is broken by the distribution element 8, which acts like a reflective plate, and distributed over the surface of the distribution element 8. Facing the flow of flush water surface of the distribution element 8 for the flush water can have guides and/or distributing the liquid structure, as, for example, going across and/or along the grooves, capillaries or grid.

The distribution element 8 for the flush water may also have a hole, through which wash water can flow into the inlet 5 of the vessel 3.

Further, as can be seen from Fig.1 shows a suspension container has a holder 2, whereby the removable container may be attached by the user to the rim of the toilet.

The holder 2 has a first spring element 9 and the second spring is element is provided 10, moreover, when the rinser 1 Pedersen in the toilet, the first spring element 9 has an essentially vertical movement of the spring and the second spring element 10 essentially horizontal deflection, thereby allowing for an improved and more flexible fixation of the suspended container to the toilet at a different thickness and different appearance of the rim.

An alternative form of the container to the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl below the inlet of the distribution element for flush water is shown in Fig.2. This dosing device 1 includes a distribution element 8 for the flush water in the form of a plate which, when the metering device 1 is installed in the toilet, passes directly under the entrance hole 5 of the container 3 in the direction of the rim of the toilet.

Fig.3 shows a front view of the suspension on the toilet container, in particular according to Fig.1 and 2, with four located in a number of capacities 3a-d and one control element 8 for the flush water. As indicated by the different shadings of the cleaning unit 4a-d, the capacity of 3a-d can be filled with different drugs 4a,4b,4c,4d. Adjacent tanks 3a-d are connected to each other waterproof connection 13.

In Fig.4 in a perspective image shown is made of a transparent material dosing device 1 is La cleaning units 4a-d with ball containers 3a-d and one control element 8 for the flush water. Capacity 3a-d are located in a row next to each other. In transparent containers 3a-d are spherical solid drugs 4a-d, and they can be different. Thanks to the clear structure of the containers 3a-d, the user can easily visually assess the degree of consumption of drugs 4a-d.

As shown in Fig.5 having the form of a plate distribution element 8 for flush water, situated approximately at the height of the longitudinal axis, is under through with crack-like inlet holes 5a-d tanks 3a-d and goes along the entire length of the suspended container, which, as shown in Fig.5, can well be seen from the front view of the suspended container 1 according to Fig.4.

Capacity 3a-d) and a distribution element 8 is made as a single unit, i.e., the capacity of 3a-d are formed from two pelucas, which are connected by bridges of material in the form of a hinge, in particular, in the process of molding, one of pelucas established distribution element 8 for the flush water. Then when folding both poluchasa form a capacitance 3a-d, and the elements in the assembled state are fixed to each other by a suitable geometrical and/or remote connection.

One-piece holder 2, whereby the metering device 1 can be attached to the rim of the toilet, has made two diamond-shaped spring element 9, 10, and, when the liquid 1 is installed in the oilite, the first spring element 9 has an essentially vertical movement of the spring and the second spring element 10 has an essentially horizontal deflection. Thanks to the provided passages springs possible improved and more flexible fixation of the suspended container 1 to the toilet at different thickness and shape of the rim of the toilet.

The principle of spherical tanks 3a-d, as well as the distribution item 8 for flushing water more is explained using Fig.6.

In Fig.6 in the diagram by the arrow a shown first, nakauwi on spherical tank, the flow of flush water, and the width of the arrow A represents the amount of flush water, and the length of the arrow A represents the speed of the flush water. When the flow of flush water falls on the spherical surface of the vessel, that the incident flux is split, i.e., the part is rejected, and a fraction of the water spray, which is marked by an arrow A1, and the part is given by the surface vessel, which symbolizes the arrow A2.

For example, in Fig.6 shows a second flow of flush water B, which has a lower speed and less flushing water than the flow of flush water that can be understood at the length and width of the arrow. At lower speed and the amount of flush water after contact with a spherical surface reduced the proportion of water spray and increases the share of flush water, the cat heaven after hitting the surface of the spherical tank is drained it.

When the container is mounted on the toilet and one of the spherical tanks container is tall and strong load flush water, a higher fraction of water spray that distributes flush water onto adjacent spherical tank where it flows down along the surface of the spherical tank or directly into the inlet of the vessel. In areas of lower flush water through ball configuration, capacity, producing less water spray, and a large part of the flush water is discharged at the surface of the vessel. This achieves a uniform supply of flush water in the inlet capacity.

A similar effect has a distribution element for flush water, which, when the container is mounted on the toilet bowl, is injected into the stream of flushing water as a reflective plate. In areas of high and heavy load flush water creates a more significant fraction of the water spray, than in areas with weaker load wash water, so that through the surface of the distribution element is achieved smooth flow flush water in the inlet capacity.

Through the configuration of the spherical tanks and distribution element for flush water, in particular, due to the degree with which the spherical tank is fully or partially located in the flow of flush water, dependent on the particular size and shape of inlet capacity, and from the size and position of the distribution element for flush water can perform uniform consumption of drugs when flushing.

In addition, it is preferable that spherical tanks 3a, 3b were provided to accommodate the spherical drugs diameter 25-40 mm. Further, it is preferable that the distribution element 8 for wash water had a depth of 2-20 mm, particularly preferably 5-15 mm, and the depth should be same horizontal extent in the docked condition of the distribution item 8 for the flush water in the direction of the rim of the toilet, washed by water. In addition, it is advantageous that the distribution element 8 for the flush water was located on or above the horizontal, covering the midpoint of the section plane spherical tanks 3a, 3b. The distance between the upper edge of the holes 5a, 5b to log flush water in spherical tanks 3a, 3b and the distribution element 8 for the flush water is, according to one preferred variant of the invention, from 2 mm to 8 mm Further, as the input of holes 5a, 5b for flush water preferred horizontal slits, and the slits preferably have a height of 1-6 mm, preferably 2-4 mm, and the width of 5-35 mm, preferably 20-25 mm

Fig.7 shows a measuring device 1 according to the invention with earstuds (ejew-g is ω 2 type shackle, which is provided for attaching and fixing the metering device 1 to the rim of the toilet. Such holders 2 specialist known from the prior art. At the far end 14 of the locking mechanism which, when the metering device 1 is installed on the rim of the toilet, facing the inside of the bowl, is bearing 12, which is used for fastening the cleaning unit 4. Of course, the holder 2 can also arrange a number of supports for the same or different cleaning units.

Support 12 consists of a plate 16, which is at right angles to at least one cleat 15. On the tongue 15 of the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl 4 is fixed by piercing, and a cleaning unit 4 is on the plate 16 at least in parts, in accordance with what can be accomplished quite good fixing cleaning unit 4 with the support 12. Also possible that the plate 16 was formed several spikes for fixing one cleaning unit for a toilet bowl.

Thereby, it is possible to abandon the construction of the outer container.

Thus, due to shown in Fig.7 the design of the metering device, and a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl you can attach the metering device 1 to the bowl with the lowest possible cost material with good aesthetic effect. Further, the design allows easy re-filling and dosing the disorder 1, entering after the cleaning unit 4 is used up, a new cleaning unit for a toilet bowl by simply piercing on the support 12 of the dosing device 1.

By preventing swelling of the cleaning unit 4 to the toilet, you can ensure a reliable fixation of the cleaning unit 4 in the support 12 and after a large number of processes flushing.

Preferably, the metering device 1 was made so that, when the metering device 1 mounted on the bowl, the plate 16 has been located essentially horizontally, and spike 15 essentially vertically. This is intended to prevent slipping of the cleaning unit 4 for a bowl of support 12, in particular, after several processes of flushing and the associated flow of the cleaning unit 4 under the action of the flush water.

Spike 15 may have any shape that is suitable to allow impaling the cleaning unit 4 without having to block 4 is mechanically disintegrated into pieces. In particular, the stud 15 may be made in the form of a cylinder, cone, pyramid, screws or the like. Next, the stud 15, which in Fig.7 is not shown, can have hooks that prevent the removal of the cleaning unit 4 to the bowl with the support 12 after piercing.

Presented on Fig.1-6 suspended on the toilet container in one preferred form of implementation provided with constipation from children, to prevent neadl the relevant use of the present invention, spherical cleaning unit for a toilet bowl.

By the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl get method that includes the steps:

a) mixing components

b) extrusion of the mixture,

c) cutting the extruded rods portion of a certain mass,

d) forming in the body, symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation.

When this molding d) preferably is conducted on a rolling machine or press. Following suitable forming methods are casting, and calendering. Stages a) and b) can also be combined, i.e. the components are mixed in the extruder. Technological stages if necessary, proceed at different temperatures to between stages you can spend more heating or cooling. It is given at the discretion of the specialist.

In one preferred form of implementation at the end of one of steps b) or c) is an additional process step, in which the extruded rod is covered with grease. To do this constantly supplied grease sponge in the form of wheels so is extruded over the rod so that the surface is completely or partially, preferably 10-40%, cover with grease. When this lubricant additive improves subsequent molding in the form of a ball.

Suitable lubricants are, in particular, substances which are introduced into the formulations according to the invention in the quality of the ve, for example, surfactants or regulators of flushing. It is particularly preferably used lubricant selected from the group consisting of dipropyleneglycol, waxes, nonionic surfactants, polyethylene glycols, and mixtures thereof, in particular dipropyleneglycol.

Particularly preferably, if a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl is shaped like a ball with a degree of sphericity Ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

EXAMPLES of IMPLEMENTATION

Was made by the invention a cleaning unit for a toilet bowl with the recipe E1. In addition, he received other, not relevant to the invention formulations V1-V4. For all compositions performed the experiments, which is to ekstradiroval mixture, extruded rod was cut into pieces of a certain size and molded them into the sheeter machine in the balls. It turned out that recipe V1, V2 and V4 were too soft, so unless extrusion, the later forming of the ball created technical difficulties and, in addition, made blocks swell when flushing. Recipe V3 could satisfactorily ekstradiroval and make a ball, swelling ability was better, but in this case, the extrusion should have been carried out at high temperatures, which led to undesirable high sweat the pits odorants. On the contrary, the cleaning unit according to the invention can be ekstradiroval at the temperature of maximum 30°C and mould, in addition, he did not show any swelling when flushing.

The compositions E1 and V1-V4 are listed in the following table. In this case, all quantitative data are given in wt.%.

1. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl containing the odorant at least one nonionic surfactant and at least one of Las and at least one reincorporate, characterized in that the block formed by rolling the car or in the press in the form of a body symmetrical about an axis of rotation.

2. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 1, characterized in that it contains from 10 to 70 wt.%, preferably from 20 to 65 wt.%, particularly preferably 20 to 30 wt.% the Las.

3. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl on PP.1 or 2, characterized in that it contains from 10 to 30 wt.%, preferably from 15 to 30 wt.%, particularly preferably 15 to 25 wt.% reincorporate.

4. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the nonionic surfactant preferably is alkoxylated fatty alcohol, which is preferably contained in amounts up to 20 wt.%, particularly preferably from 4 to 12 wt.%, in particular, from 7 to 9 wt.%.

5. Kitashiba toilet on p. 3, characterized in that the nonionic surfactant preferably is alkoxylated fatty alcohol, which is preferably contained in amounts up to 20 wt.%, particularly preferably from 4 to 12 wt.%, in particular from 7 to 9 wt.%.

6. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 1 or 2, characterized in that it contains additional surfactants, preferably selected from the group consisting of sulfates of fatty alcohols, monoalkanolamines fatty acids, simple ethersulfate fatty alcohols, alkyl sulphonates, and mixtures thereof, and/or contains one or more additional components typically used in cleaning blocks for a toilet bowl, preferably selected from the group consisting of acids, bases, salts, thickeners, antimicrobial active substances, preservatives, complexing agents, dyes, fragrances, activators fragrances, fillers, detergents and additives, brighteners, corrosion inhibitors, regulators washing, enzymes, microorganisms, active substances for the removal of biofilms, the active substance for inhibiting the deposition of lime, active substances for reducing grazhdanina, and mixtures thereof.

7. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 3, characterized in that it contains additional surfactants, preferably selected from g is uppy, containing sulfates of fatty alcohols, monoalkanolamines fatty acids, simple ethersulfate fatty alcohols, alkyl sulphonates, and mixtures thereof, and/or contains one or more additional components typically used in cleaning blocks for a toilet bowl, preferably selected from the group consisting of acids, bases, salts, thickeners, antimicrobial active substances, preservatives, complexing agents, dyes, fragrances, activators fragrances, fillers, detergents and additives, brighteners, corrosion inhibitors, regulators washing, enzymes, microorganisms, active substances for the removal of biofilms, the active substance for inhibiting the deposition of lime, active substances to reduce grazhdanina, and mixtures thereof.

8. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 4, characterized in that it contains additional surfactants, preferably selected from the group consisting of sulfates of fatty alcohols, monoalkanolamines fatty acids, simple ethersulfate fatty alcohols, alkyl sulphonates, and mixtures thereof, and/or contains one or more additional components typically used in cleaning blocks for a toilet bowl, preferably selected from the group consisting of acids, bases, salts, thickeners, antimicrobial active substances, preservatives, set cooperatively, dyes, fragrances, activators fragrances, fillers, detergents and additives, brighteners, corrosion inhibitors, regulators washing, enzymes, microorganisms, active substances for the removal of biofilms, the active substance for inhibiting the deposition of lime, active substances for reducing grazhdanina, and mixtures thereof.

9. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 5, characterized in that it contains additional surfactants, preferably selected from the group consisting of sulfates of fatty alcohols, monoalkanolamines fatty acids, simple ethersulfate fatty alcohols, alkyl sulphonates, and mixtures thereof, and/or contains one or more additional components typically used in cleaning blocks for a toilet bowl, preferably selected from the group consisting of acids, bases, salts, thickeners, antimicrobial active substances, preservatives, complexing agents, dyes, fragrances, activators fragrances, fillers, detergents and additives, bleaches, corrosion inhibitors, regulators washing, enzymes, microorganisms, active substances for the removal of biofilms, the active substance for inhibiting the deposition of lime, active substances for reducing grazhdanina, and mixtures thereof.

10. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the net is of which block has the shape of a ball with the degree of sphericity ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

11. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 3, characterized in that the cleaning unit is shaped like a ball with a degree of sphericity ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

12. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 4, characterized in that the cleaning unit is shaped like a ball with a degree of sphericity ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

13. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl in one of the paragraphs.5, 7-9, characterized in that the cleaning unit is shaped like a ball with a degree of sphericity ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

14. A cleaning unit for a toilet bowl under item 6, characterized in that the cleaning unit is shaped like a ball with a degree of sphericity ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

15. The system of the at least one cleaning unit for a toilet bowl in one of the paragraphs.1-14 and the metering device.

16. The system under item 15, wherein the dosing device comprises at least one container (3A, 3b, 3C, 3d) to accommodate at least one cleaning unit for a toilet bowl (4A, 4b, 4c, 4d) on one of the PP.1-14, and capacity (3A, 3b, 3C, 3d) positioned under the rim of the toilet so the way, when flushing the toilet through it may be flush water, and in the vessel wall (7) is formed at least one inlet opening (5A, 5b, 5c, 5d) and one outlet (6A, 6b, 6C, 6d) for flush water, and, in addition, a holder (2) for mounting the dosing device (1) to the rim of the toilet, and on the dosing device (1) distribution element (8) for flush water is located and shaped so that when the flush water distribution element (8) loaded flush with water and causes a uniform supply of flush water into the inlet (5A, 5b, 5c, 5d) capacity (3A, 3b, 3C, 3d).

17. System on p. 15, characterized in that the dosing device (1) comprising a holder (2) in the form of a hook, which can be fixed on the rim of the toilet and fixed on the rim of the toilet condition is located inside of the toilet far end (14), and at the far end (14) is provided at least one bearing (12) for at least one cleaning unit (4) for the toilet in one of the paragraphs.1-14, and bearing (12) is formed from at least one of a stud (15) and at least one plate (16), and thorn (15) mounted at least one cleaning unit (4) for the toilet in one of the paragraphs.1-14, which is the direction of gravity plates (16) is located below the cleaning unit (4), and a cleaning unit (4) is on the plate (16)and far end (14) of the holder is (2) and a support (12) for at least one cleaning unit (4) for toilets designed when the holder (2) is fixed on the rim of the toilet cleaning block (4) when triggered, toilet tank flush exposed flush water.

18. A method of making symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation of the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl, which contains the flavoring, non-ionic surfactant, Las and reincorporate, comprising the steps:
a) mixing the components,
b) extrusion of the mixture,
c) cutting the extruded rods on portions of certain weight,
d) forming in the body, symmetrical with respect to the axis of rotation.

19. The method according to p. 18, characterized in that the cleaning unit for a toilet bowl is shaped like a ball with a degree of sphericity ψ from 0.8 to 1, particularly preferably from 0.85 to 1, extremely preferably from 0.9 to 1.

20. The method according to p. 18 or 19, characterized in that the molding d) is carried out on a rolling machine or press.

21. The method of cleaning and/or refreshment, and/or disinfection of toilets using system according to one of paragraphs.15-17.



 

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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel compounds of general formula (I) as well as enantiomers, diastereomers and Z or E isomers thereof, which can be used as an odorising agent or an odour masking agent. In formula (I), R is a hydrogen atom, a methyl group or a methylene group, and in which not more than one of the four dotted lines denotes a carbon-carbon double bond. The invention also relates to methods of producing compounds of formula (I), compositions, including perfume and cosmetic compositions, and a cleaning agent containing said compounds.

EFFECT: novel perfume composition is disclosed.

21 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to medicine and describes method of obtaining delivering particles of fragrance, containing core material and envelope, said envelope at least partially surrounds said core material and at least 75% of said delivering particles of fragrance are characterised by tensile strength from approximately 0.2 MPa to approximately 10 MPa, with particle size from approximately 1 micron to approximately 80 micron and thickness of particle walls from approximately 60 nm to approximately 250 nm; and said delivering particles of fragrance are characterised by release of fragrance from 0% to approximately 30%. In addition to creation of possibility to reduce number of agent which produces favourable impact, such particles make it possible to extend spectrum of applied agents which produce favourable impact.

EFFECT: in cases of application in compositions, for instance, detergents, or compositions for fabric care, such particles increase efficiency of delivery of agent which produces favourable impact, making it possible to use reduced amounts of agents which produce favourable impact.

11 cl, 9 tbl, 13 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes fabric softening compositions containing approximately from 0.01 to 50% cationic or nonionic softening compound; approximately from 0.01 to 5% fragrance component; and at least 0.001 wt % polymer material capable of holding ingredients of a volatile fragrance component, containing: at least approximately 0.001 wt % cross-linked polymer containing at least one vinyl monomer; and approximately from 5000 to 100000 ppm divinyl cross-linking agent. Also disclosed is a fabric softening method which involves bringing fabric into contact with the composition of a fabric softening agent in an effective amount, where contact takes place by sprinkling, rubbing or rinsing.

EFFECT: improved composition properties.

26 cl, 5 ex, 4 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains more than 5% anionic surfactant, less than 25% nonionic surfactant, a light-sensitive ingredient and an inorganic mother-of-pearl agent. The light-sensitive ingredient is selected from a group comprising enzymes, dyes, vitamins, aromatising agents and mixtures thereof.

EFFECT: inorganic mother-of-pearl agent improves stability of light-sensitive ingredients in the detergent composition.

20 cl, 14 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil-containing starch granules for delivering perfume oil as beneficial effect endowing additives to a substrate, containing: (a) starch in amount which forms an effective matrix for said granules; (b) perfume oil containing ingredients with Clog P equal to at least 3; and (c) an effective amount of an amidoamine compound for inhibiting migration of said oil to the surface of the said starch granules, said compound has the following structure: (I) or (II), where radicals are described in the claim separately for each structure. The invention also relates to a method of producing oil-containing starch granules, comprising the following steps: (a) preparing a dispersion of starch in water to form a starch suspension; (b) melting an effective amount of the amidoamine compound of structure (I) or (II) to obtain a molten amidoamine compound; (c) adding perfume oil to the molten amidoamine compound from step (b) to obtain a solution of the amidoamine compound in perfume oil; (d) adding the solution from step (c) to the starch suspension from step (a); (e) homogenisation of the obtained suspension by mixing to obtain a homogeneous mixture; and (f) spray drying the said homogeneous mixture to obtain oil-containing starch granules. The invention also relates to a method of washing fabric, comprising the following steps: (a) preparation of an aqueous solution containing an effective amount of the oil-containing starch granules in claim 1 or 2, and (b) bringing the fabric to be washed into contact with the aqueous solution from step (a). The invention also pertains to a laundry detergent composition containing: (a) at least one surfactant; and (b) an effective amount of oil-containing starch granules.

EFFECT: prolonged existence of the aromatising agent in the substrate owing to inhibition of migration of perfume oil to the surface during laundry.

7 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: system for delivering fragrant substances includes water-insoluble carrier particles contained at the surface of silanol groups. At least some of the said silanol groups are substituted with organic residues through inoculation of at least one organosilicon compound, and at least some of the said organic residues contain positively charged functional groups, including a positively charged alkylated nitrogen atom. The system also includes an aromatising agent adsorbed or absorbed in the said carrier particles. The carrier particles preferably include silicon dioxide, silicate, aluminium silicate or their mixture. Also described is a method of making a system for delivering fragrant substances. A fabric softening composition includes the system for delivering fragrant substances and one or more active quaternaryammonia compounds for softening fabrics. The washing composition contains the system for delivering fragrant substances and one more surfactants.

EFFECT: increased intensity and strength of fragrance with smaller amount of fragrant substances in the washing composition.

18 cl, 4 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for delivering fragrant substances. A system is proposed for delivering fragrant substances, containing water insoluble carrier particles, containing silanol groups on the surface, on which an organic-silicon compound is grafted, a polymer which contains positively charged functional groups, added to the said carrier particles, and a fragrant substance adsorbed on the said carrier particles or absorbed in the said carrier particles. A method is proposed for making the said system for delivering fragrant substances, as well as a fabric softening composition and washing agent, each of which includes the proposed delivery of fragrant substances.

EFFECT: design of an efficient system for delivering fragrant substances, which give fabrics, treated with compositions with the said delivery system, a strong fragrance.

20 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a novel acyclic aldehyde having 16 carbon atoms, containing at least three branches and selected from a group consisting of: 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyldodecanal, 2,3,7,11-tetramethyl-dodecanal, 7,11,-dimethyl-3-vinyldodeca-6,10-dienal and 4,8,12-dimethyltrideca-4,7,11-trienal, to a composition of substances suitable for use as starting material for producing surfactants and containing at least one of the disclosed acyclic aldehydes, to a composition of detergent alcohols, suitable for producing a composition of surfactants and containing at least one acyclic alcohol converted from the disclosed acyclic aldehyde, and to a surfactant composition suitable for use in a detergent or cleaning composition and containing one or more surfactant derivatives of isomers of the acyclic detergent alcohol converted from the disclosed acyclic aldehyde. The invention also relates to versions of a cleaning composition and to versions of a method of producing an alcohol mixture for a composition of detergent alcohols.

EFFECT: improved properties of compounds.

19 cl, 10 tbl, 24 ex

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