Measuring system for contact rail position continuous control

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: system (2) is installed on running rails (3), includes two pairs of running wheels (5) mounted on frame (4). Wheels (5) of one of the pairs are made as units containing two base wheels (6) each. The system (2) contains recorder (8) installed on table (9) on the frame (4), measuring unit (7) and bar (22). Device (8) includes curve recorder (10) with two groups of immovable rods (11) and two movable rods (12) coupled with measuring rollers (20) and (21). The device (8) is provided with switching device (18) permitting to continue diagram recording when system movement direction is changed. The unit (7) is made with vertical (20) and horizontal (21) rollers. The roller (20) is coupled with measuring lever (27) coupled with rod (12) of curve recorder (10). The roller (21) is coupled with rod (12) of curve recorder (10). The unit (7) is located one end of the bar (22). The bar (22) with the unit (7) is made capable of horizontal movement by means of shifting out to the zone of interaction with rail (1). On the bar (22), fixing retainer (23) is made. The other end of rod (22) is able to interact with recorder (8).

EFFECT: clearness and reliability of results, reliability of system and recorder and better operation conditions.

6 dwg

 

The invention relates to measurement technology and is designed to control the elevation of the working surface of the contact rail above the level of the heads of the running rails and control distance horizontally from the side of the working face of the head of the nearest running rail to the axis of the contact rail contact method with reference on the way when removing the tension.

Known measuring trolley for determining geometric parameters of railway software related to diagnostics state railroad tracks with continuous registration of the spatial position of a rail track and can be used to measure gauge, the excess of one of the rails and head wear of rails, EN NO. 59078U1, E01B 35/00, 10.12.2006, RU # 59079U1, E01B 35/00, 10.12.2006.

Known potenzmitteln recording truck title-3M, designed to measure the width of railway tracks in the range from 1510 to 1560 mm and exceeding one rail above the other (level) to +/-125 mm with recording on a chart strip chart recorder with writing rods, puteez.rn/oborudovanie/izmeritelnyj...

Known potenzmitteln trucks are used to control various parameters of a rail of the railway track.

Known recorder a recording device containing a reservoir for ink liquid and communicated with what Tervueren pen, installed in the housing, the blade is made in the form of porous, permeable to the ink liquid core and the casing communicated with each other and with the reservoir groove and the axial channels, EN NO. S, G01D 15/16, 10.05.1997.

Known recording device and record charts on roll paper or tape media /catalogue/category/.

Known recording devices are widely used for recording charts in measurement technology for various purposes.

A device for monitoring the distance from the railhead to the contact surface of the Shoe collector in terms depot and repair facilities underground measurements in a free and a disconnected position, consisting of a special strangeweather and Reiki, which sets the reference surfaces on the rail head so that the departure of Reiki was on the left or right side of the current collector, the distance from the railhead to the contact surface of the Shoe pantograph control rotary measuring range changeweather, which is lowered until it touches the contact surface of the Shoe collector and take the reading with a reading device market.gona.rn/market/17/104/; tdgears.ru/device/id26830.htm; metrokip.com/teh_bv7627.php.

Known trolley for measuring contact the Rel is a, mounted on the chassis rails, comprising a frame and wheels mounted on the frame, and moved in the track manually, containing the registering device, the measuring unit with the measuring rollers associated with controlled bottom and side surfaces of the contact rail, and a lever system mechanical action rod, one end of which is the measuring unit and the other end has the opportunity to interact with the registering device, RU # 7692U1, EV 35/00, 16.09.1998.

This solution is accepted as the closest analogue of the present invention.

In the well-known nearest analogue is missing house registriruushsie device, no information visibility measurements, which reduces performance.

The present invention is based on a solution to ensure visibility and to obtain reliable results when monitoring the status of the controlled surfaces, to ensure the reliability of the system and the recording device and to improve the conditions of operation.

The technical result of the present invention is to improve performance of complex, by executing:

recording device with data logger;

the measuring unit with vertical and horizontal the material of the measuring rollers, located on the gear lever and paired with corresponding measuring levers;

rod with locking stop;

two pairs of running wheels in the form of blocks with the base wheels.

According to the invention this problem is solved due to the fact that the measuring continuous control of the position of the contact rail is mounted on the chassis rails, includes frame and wheels mounted on the frame, and is moved in the track manually.

The complex contains a recording device, the measuring unit and the bar.

The measuring block is made with the measuring rollers and lever system mechanical action.

The measuring rollers are associated with controlled bottom and side surfaces of the contact rail.

The measuring unit is located at one end of the rod and its other end has the opportunity to interact with a recording device.

The frame includes a table with bottom illumination, where a recording device containing a data logger with two groups of stationary rods and two movable rods.

Stationary rods reproduce on paper field tolerances controlled parameters.

The movable rods record charts monitored parameters and mate with corresponding measuring rollers.

Recording device provided with a switching device that allows changing the direction of movement of the complex to continue recording charts measurements from the measuring unit.

The measuring unit includes a measuring device with vertical and horizontal measuring rollers.

Vertical measuring roller is capable of interacting with the horizontal bottom surface of the contact rail and rotation.

Vertical measuring roller is located on the gear lever. The gear lever is made with axis fixed on the rod.

Vertical measuring roller is associated with the measuring lever. Measuring lever is connected with a movable rod recorder for measuring vertical roller.

Horizontal measuring roller has the ability to interact with the side surfaces of the contact rail and rotation.

Horizontal measuring roller is located on the transfer arm rotatably around an axis placed on the measuring arm.

the horizontal measuring roller is connected with a movable rod recorder for horizontal measuring roller.

Rod with measuring block is made with the possibility of lateral movement by extending the zone of interaction with the contact rail measuring device and contains the locking position.

The complex contains two pairs of ground wheels.

Wheels made in the form of blocks and contain the base wheel.

Chassis and wheel base are made of high-quality polyamide.

The applicant has not identified the sources containing information about technical solutions, identical to the present invention, which allows to make a conclusion about its compliance with the criterion of "novelty".

Due to the implementation of the distinguishing features of the invention (in conjunction with the features indicated in the restrictive part of the formula) achieved an important new properties object.

Sustainable based complex in the process when doing the traveling wheels in blocks allows to obtain accurate results when initiated to control the state of the controlled surfaces.

Performing recording device with recorder and obtaining information in the form of accounts chart of monitored parameters in the mechanical transmission of the deviations of the position of the contact rail from the rollers directly on the movable rod recorder eliminates, including software processing elektricheska the signal, that provides the visibility and credibility of state-controlled surfaces.

Execution of the recorder with the switching device allows continuous recording on the paper when you change the direction of movement of the complex, which improves the operating conditions of the complex.

The presence of two base pairs of the wheels ensures smooth passage of rail joints, increases the reliability of the system.

The execution of the measuring device with a measuring horizontal and vertical rollers and their arrangement relative to the controlled surfaces reduces the chance of unintended contact with the insulating casing contact rail, which ensures the reliability of the system and the recording device.

The execution of the running wheels in the form of basic blocks with wheels allows you to quickly make installation and routine maintenance, in addition, the execution of the running wheels and the base of the wheels of high-quality polyamide with high resistance to shock, corrosion, corrosive substances, wear resistance improves the conditions of operation of the complex.

The applicant aware of any publication that would contain information about the impact of the distinctive features of invention technical result achieved. In this regard, according to the applicant, which you can make a conclusion about conformity of the proposed technical solution the criterion of "inventive step".

The invention is illustrated by drawings:

in Fig.1 - measuring, General view;

in Fig.2 - the Recorder node a in Fig.1, General view;

in Fig.3 - chart Recorder and the rod with the locking stop, or a fragment;

in Fig.4 - Measuring unit - the node B in Fig.1, General view;

in Fig.5 - Measuring device node In Fig.4, the incision;

in Fig.6 - Unit chassis wheel base wheels section.

The drawings show:

Contact rail with an insulating casing - 1.

Complex measurement (rail 1) - 2.

Running rails (complex 2) - 3.

Frame (complex 2) - 4.

Wheels in blocks (frame 4) and 5

basic wheel (5 blocks) - 6.

The measuring unit (complex 2) - 7.

Recording device (complex 2) - 8,

table with lower lighting (device 8) - 9.

Recorder (device 8) - 10,

group fixed rods (recorder 10) - 11,

the movable rods (recorder 10) - 12.

The feed drum (device 8) - 13,

spring clamps (reel 13) - 14.

Pull the drum (device 8) - 15,

clamping elements (for drum 15) - 16.

Host drum (device 8) - 17.

The switching device (8) - 18.

The measuring device (block 7) - 19,

vertical measuring roller device 19) - 20,

horizontal measuring roller (eliminate the STV 19) - 21.

Bar (unit 7) - 22,

locking the focus (bar 22) - 23.

The lever system (block 19) - 24.

Gear lever (roller 20) - 25.

Axis (bar 22) - 26.

Measuring lever (roller 20) - 27.

Gear lever (roller 21) - 28.

The axis on the lever 30) - 29.

Measuring lever (roller 21) - 30.

Complex measuring 2 continuous control of the position of the contact rail 1 is mounted on the chassis rails 3, includes a frame 4 and two pairs of running wheels 5 mounted on the frame 4. Complex measuring 2 is moved in the track manually.

Wheels 5 one of the pairs is performed in blocks containing two basic wheels 6, which are pressed perpendicularly to the running rail 3 side by side.

The presence of two basic wheels 6 ensures smooth passage of rail joints with a gap of up to 40 mm

The chassis 5 and the base 6 wheels are made of high-quality polyamide. The polyamide has a high resistance to shock, corrosion, corrosive substances and durability.

Complex measuring 2 contains the recording device 8, the measuring unit 7, the rod 22.

Recording device 8 is located on the table with the lower backlight 9, which is mounted on the frame 4.

Register 8 contains the recorder 10 with two groups of stationary rods 11 and two movable and rods 12.

Group fixed rod 11 is reproduced on a paper medium field tolerances controlled parameters.

The movable rods 12 record charts monitored parameters and are associated with the respective measuring rollers 20 and 21.

Recording device 8 includes a feed 13, drawing 15 and receiver 17 drums.

The feeding drum 13 is made with paper and box spring clamps 14. Spring clamps 14 limit paper with two sides and prevent its free rotation.

Pull the drum 15 moves paper, provided with clamping elements 16. The clamping elements 16 are installed on the edges of the paper and preventing you from pulling it to slip.

Host drum 17 are made to accommodate paper with diagrams of the controlled parameters.

Recording device 8 is equipped with a switching device 18. Switching device 18 allows, through specially installed gear (not shown), when the direction of movement of the complex to continue recording charts measurements of controlled parameters.

The measuring unit 7 is made with 20 vertical and horizontal 21 measuring rollers measuring device 19. Mutual arrangement 20 and vertical horizon is a high 21 measuring rollers relative to the controlled surfaces reduces the chance of unintended contact with the insulating casing contact rail 1.

Vertical measuring roller 20 is capable of interacting with the horizontal bottom surface of the contact rail 1 and rotation.

Vertical measuring roller 20 is located on the transmission lever 25, is made with the axis 26, secured to the rod 22.

Vertical measuring roller 20 is connected with the measuring lever 27, paired with a movable rod 12 recorder 10 for recording charts from the vertical measuring roller 20.

Horizontal measuring roller 21 has the possibility of interaction with the side surfaces of the contact rail 1 and rotation.

Horizontal measuring roller 21 is located on the transfer arm 28 to rotate around the axis 29, is placed on the measuring arm 30, paired with a movable rod 12 recorder 10 for recording charts from the horizontal measuring roller 21.

The measuring unit 7 is located at one end of the rod 22.

The rod 22 to the measuring unit 7 is configured to move horizontally by extending the zone of interaction with the contact rail 1 of the measuring device 19.

The rod 22 is made fixing the stop 23.

The other end of the rod 22 has the ability to interact with a recording device 8.

Complex measuring continuous control Polo is possible contact rail has:

- principle of operation - mechanical with automatic recording of the results on the paper;

- method move - manual.

The complex is designed for operation in conditions underground, in particular, in the open air:

Ambient temperature, °C, from 0 to 45;

Relative humidity, %, not more than 98;

Atmospheric pressure, kPa from 86,6 to 106.7

When installing the measuring system 2 in the path of the wheels 5 determine the position of the plane to control the elevation of the working surface of the contact rail 1.

Smooth movement of the measuring mechanism 7 with the passage of the joints with a gap of 40 mm is provided a pair of base wheels 6, arrow transfer - wide driving wheels 5.

When installing the measuring system 2 in the path in the transport position of the measuring rollers 20 and 21 are withdrawn from contact with the contact rail 1, the recorder 10 is turned off, the recording chart is not performed.

Based measuring system 2 to the inner face of the head of the nearest running rail 3 is carried by a pair of base wheels 6. Contact with the inner face of the head is provided in the range of mutual exaltation of rail lines ±160 mm (measured in curves).

The measuring unit 7 extends in the zone of contact with the contact rail 1 and is fixed by the stop 23. In the PR 23 is made adjustable.

The measuring rollers 20 and 21 mounted on a controlled surface contact rail 1 manually, and the rods 11 and 12 of the recorder 10 are in contact with the paper.

The recorder 10 switch on the record.

Light table 9 recorder 10.

In write mode, the measuring rollers 20 and 21 are in constant contact with controlled contact surfaces of the rail 1.

Move the measurement unit 2 in the track manually.

The measurement results in the form of charts is written on the paper with reference to the path.

Technical specifications:

The range of measurement of the elevation of the working surface of the contact rail above the level of the heads of the running rails, mm150÷170
(in the range of movement of the handpiece 140÷180 mm)
The measurement range of the distance from the axis of the contact rail to the inner face of the head of the nearest running rail, horizontally mm680÷700
(in the range of movement of the tip 670÷710 mm)
The error of the linear dimensions, mm, not more than
The error in the measurement of distance traveled, m
at 1000 meters, no more than1
Travel speed, m/s, not more than1.5
The electrical resistance between the wheels,
MOhm, not less than50
Autonomous power, battery
the continuous operation time, hrs, min.30
Dimensions in working condition,
(without signal box), mm, not more than2350×650×350
Dimensions in transport state1750×650×350
The operational weight, kg, not more than25
Life, years, not less than5

Methods and means of control of the complex at release and during operation must meet the calibration method 2011-04.20.00.000 I.

After completion of veritelnyie surface complex rubbed and smeared with anti-corrosion grease.

The proposed complex of measuring continuous control of the position of the contact rail manufactured CJSC "Industrial Union", which is confirmed by prototype testing, and this causes, in the opinion of the applicant, his criterion of "industrial applicability".

The proposed set allows you to:

- to provide visibility for monitoring the status of the controlled surfaces,

to obtain reliable results when monitoring the status of the controlled surfaces,

to ensure the reliability of the system,

to ensure the reliability of the recording device,

- to improve the conditions of operation.

Complex measuring continuous control of the position of the contact rail mounted on the chassis rails, comprising a frame and wheels mounted on the frame, and moved in the track manually, containing the registering device, the measuring unit with the measuring rollers associated with controlled bottom and side surfaces of the contact rail, and a lever system mechanical action rod, one end of which is the measuring unit and the other end has the opportunity to interact with the registering device, wherein the frame includes a table with the bottom of podsi the coy, where a recording device containing a data logger with two groups of stationary rods reproducing on paper field tolerances controlled parameters, and two movable rods, recording charts monitored parameters and associated with the respective measuring rollers, comprising a feed drum with paper and box spring clamps that prevent its free rotation, pulling the drum to the paper, provided with clamping elements, slip-resistant paper, and the receiving drum to paper with diagrams of monitored parameters, and provided with a switching device that allows changing the direction of movement of the complex to continue recording charts measurements from the measuring unit containing measuring device with a vertical measuring roller, which is capable of interacting with the horizontal bottom surface of the contact rail and rotation, is located on the gear lever, made with axis fixed on the rod and connected with the measuring lever, paired with a movable rod recorder for measuring vertical roller, and containing a measuring device with a horizontal measuring roller to the nd has the ability to interact with the side surfaces of the contact rail and rotation located on the transfer arm rotatably around an axis placed on the measuring arm, paired with a movable rod recorder for horizontal measuring roller and the bar with the measuring block is made with the possibility of lateral movement by extending the zone of interaction with the contact rail measuring device and contains the locking stop and the complex contains two pairs of running wheels, which are made in the form of blocks and contain basic wheels, with suspension and wheel base are made of high-quality polyamide.



 

Same patents:

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3 dwg

FIELD: railway transport; testing.

SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method of measuring vertical rigidities of rail lines by track testing car forces are measured by which track testing car acts on wheels when wheel-sets pass each fixed point. At initially different static loads on axle, vertical irregularities of rail lines are measured by means of two wheel-sets using cordless method. Values of vertical rigidities of rail lines are found as ratio of difference of forces acting onto corresponding (left-hand or right-hand) rail line to difference of vertical irregularities of corresponding rail line in fixed point. Mean rigidity of rail track in each fixed point is determined as mean arithmetic value of vertical rigidities of each rail line.

EFFECT: improved accuracy of measurement of rigidity of rail lines.

3 cl

FIELD: railway transport; testing.

SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method, frame forces acting onto each wheel-set are measured at passing of each fixed point of rail track by all wheel-sets. Simultaneously side (cross) irregularities of rail lines are measured by cordless methods and basing of received information, six independent equations are set up where 1, j = 1,2,3,4, are wheel-sets; and are side rigidities of left-hand and right-hand rail line in k-th fixed point on rail track; and where and are irregularities of left-hand and right-hand rail lines measured at passing of k-th fixed point by i-th wheel-set; where is frame force acting onto i-th wheel-set at passing k-th fixed point of track. Then system is chosen from six equations consisting of two equations so that system should be nonuniform and definite (determinant and values of rigidities and are found by Cramer formula.

EFFECT: possibility of measuring side rigidity of rail lines by track testing car.

2 cl

FIELD: railway transport; testing facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for checking wear of rails on railways and streetcar tracks. Device for testing wear of rails includes pulse generator and recorder and second pulse generator. First and second pulse generators are made in form of electronic transducers furnished with spring-loaded rods with rack gears engaging with surfaces of rail and with gears on axles of which light breakers are installed, and with light emitting diodes connected by wires with photorelays. Recorder is made up of radio electronic elements, supply unit and control panel with push buttons and change-over switches. Pulse generators and recorder are connected by wires. First pulse generator is installed on base on edges of which bellcranks are mounted for rotation on joints. Position lock of bellcranks is installed between upper parts of bellcranks furnished with handles, position lock being made of concave parts and screw. Second pulse generator is installed lower than the base on one of bellcranks. Stops with slots and fastening screws are made in lower parts of bellcrank to secured their position relative to bellcranks.

EFFECT: improved safety, reduced possibility of breakdown in operation of rolling stock on railways and streetcar tracks.

5 cl, 7 dwg

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