Advanced detection using notice of transmission

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to selection of a light source among several light sources by the remote control device. Technical result is reached due to the remote control device assembled for selection of a light source among several light sources. The remote control device has an omnidirectional transmitter and it is assembled in order to transmit through the omnidirectional transmitter instructions to light sources to send a directional signal with a code unique for each light source. Besides, the remote control device has a directional signal receiver, and it is assembled in order to receive directed signals from light sources, and a signal comparison circuit coupled to the directional signal receiver. The remote control device is assembled to select one source out of light sources based on received directional signals. Besides, the remote control device comprises a transmission indicator assembled to generate indication signal that specifies omnidirectional transmission, and it is assembled to initiate selection of one source out of light sources by indication signal.

EFFECT: reducing variation of time required for detection of codes of lighting parameters by the remote control device.

8 cl, 4 dwg

 

The technical FIELD TO WHICH the INVENTION RELATES.

The present invention relates to the selection of the light source among the multiple light sources by means of the remote control unit.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

In the lighting system having multiple individual light sources that are able to communicate with a remote control device, the desired control function is the ability to control the light output of individual light source just pointing at it from a remote control device and using a control mechanism, such as buttons or the like.

However, in order to perform this task, the remote control device must be able to identify on which the light source is actually specified by the user. Methods have been developed, in which each light source transmits a different code in the direction of the signal through the modulation of its normal light output or through the modulation of the individual transmitting element code, such as IR-LED (infrared light-emitting diode) or radio frequency transmitter, for example, 60 GHz directional transmitter. Choose a code that is received by a remote control device is best according to some criterion. For example, the criterion may be a "Naim is nlsi the angle of incidence" or "the strong optical signal, and so on

For example, in the publication WO 2007/095740 described lighting system, where each light source is configured to emit makovy signal representing its unique identifier, i.e., code, command by the remote control device. That is, the remote control device transmits the instruction to the light source, which instructs the light source to pass makovy signal, which is a directional signal. Makovy signal is integrated in the light emitted from the common light source. The remote control device has a capability to receive the light and to extract makovy signal. With such lighting systems related to the problem.

One problem associated with synchronization. Remote control unit gives a command to multiple light sources to transmit their codes at the same time. For remote control device was able to separate the received codes from each other, it is equipped with a scheme for communication of optical signals received from different light sources, one way or another. In order to obtain reliable results determine which source of light is the most visible, it is desirable to receive optical signals via a remote control device at the intended time, and essentially one who temporarily.

There are several sources of differentiation time. Among other things, there are deviations of the time that is necessary to ensure that the remote control device generates the instruction and she actually left the transmitter. For example, the processing instructions can be interrupted by other processes in the remote control device. In addition, there is a deviation that must wait for the transmitter of the remote control device before transmitting the statement in the ether. The most popular of the modern system of wireless transmission for remote control built according to the IEEE standard.802.15.4, such as the ZigBee standard, which uses MDCN-IR (multiple access with carrier detection - avoidance conflicts (CSMA-CA)). In this form of multiple access transmitter must wait for the completion of other programs before passing your message on the air. This is called "aging". At the moment of generation instructions is not known whether one or more of the extracts or they will not. These differences cause unwanted variation in time at which the remote control device actually detects codes.

The INVENTION

The purpose of the present invention is to overcome or at least reduce these problems, and to provide remote condition the device and control method in a remote control device, which eliminates or at least reduces the scatter.

To reach this aim through remote device management under item 1 and method in a remote control device according to p. 5. It should be noted that for the purposes of this application schema comparison signals should be interpreted as any scheme that is capable of operations comparison of the signals in relation to some properties and choose among them the most notable signal.

After the transmission indicator triggers the selection of the light source to receive directionally transmitted codes in the remote control device is not affected by changing internal time delays on the transmission side of the remote control device.

In accordance with one embodiments of a remote control device, the signal indication is used to initiate operation of at least one correlator contained in the remote control device. Thus, there is a high likelihood that the correlator receives the appropriate signals.

In accordance with one embodiments of a remote control device, each code consists of a sequence of one or more code symbols, and a remote control device is arranged to transmit instructions to the light sources to pass to the generic characters at different points in time, one code symbol at a time. When using this transfer method code character by character, which essentially provides advantages, the initiation of the operation of the selection using the signal display is more effective.

In accordance with one embodiment of the remote device control codes generated by the remote device management and provide light sources.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention provides a method of selecting a light source among the multiple light sources through remote device management. This method provides the advantages of a corresponding remote control device.

It should be noted that the invention relates to all possible combinations of the signs listed in the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

Hereinafter described in more detail these and other aspects of the present invention in relation to the accompanying drawings showing embodiments of the invention.

In Fig.1 presents a schematic illustration of a lighting system.

In Fig.2 shows a schematic block diagram of a variant of implementation of the remote control device in accordance with this invention.

In Fig.3 depict Alena temporary scheme, which illustrates the transmission in the lighting system.

In Fig.4 presents a block diagram of a sequence variant of the method of selection of the light source in accordance with this invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

As shown in Fig.1, an implementation option of the lighting system in accordance with this invention contains multiple light sources (LS) 1 and the remote device control (RC) 3, which is used to control the settings of the light sources.

In order to explain the interaction between the remote control device 3 and the light sources 1, Fig.2 presents a block diagram of a variant of implementation of the remote control unit (RC) 3, and a light source (LS) 1. The light source 1 includes a control unit 5, an RF (radio frequency) module 7 connected to the control unit 5, the driver 9 lighting elements connected to the control unit 5, and a set of lighting elements 11, which includes at least one lighting element connected to the driver of the lighting elements 9.

A remote management device 3 includes a control unit 15, the control mechanism 17, which is connected with a control unit 15, omnidirectional transmitter, which in this embodiment is an RF (radio frequency) transmitter, located RF module 19, in combination with a radio receiver connected to the control unit 15, and the receiver directional signal, in this case, the optical receiver 21 connected to the control unit 15. The control mechanism 17 includes a user interface such as a touch screen or a few push buttons. Remote control unit 3 is arranged to interact with light sources via the RF interaction via RF modules 7, 19 through the omnidirectional channel, on the one hand, and optical interaction by means of the lighting elements 11 and receiver 21 via a directional channel, on the other hand, which also is unidirectional from the source 1 of light to the remote control device 3. In addition, the remote control device 3 includes a comparison signal 23 that is connected with the optical receiver 21 and the control unit 15, and the transmission indicator 25, which is located in the RF module 19 and is connected to the comparison circuit signals 23.

According to one variant of the method of lighting control system, when the user points to the light source 1 and presses the control button to change the settings of the light source 1, the remote control device 3 starts the interaction with multiple light sources 1 wireless radio communication via the RF module 19. N is how many light sources 1 are all sources 1 light in the lighting system or subgroup. More specifically, the remote control device 3 is not directionally transmits instructions to the light sources 1, ordering them to send a directional signal, which in this case is an optical signal containing a code unique to each of the light source 1. In the transmission instruction includes various codes. In this RF communications remote management device 3 uses basic authentication, or addresses that are unique to each source 1 and light generated during production. This in itself is known to the expert in the fieldand such addresses are called MAC addresses. Remote device management 3 report on these addresses during the previous commissioning, which will be described below.

As stated above, there is a delay between the generation of instructions in the control device 15 and the transmission instruction of the RF module 19. The duration of this delay is difficult to predict and varies due to factors, which are also described above. However, when radio wave carrying instructions that actually leaves the RF module 19, the transmission indicator detects the transmission and generates a signal indication. The indicator gives a signal indicating the comparison circuit signals 23, where the signal indicating start of the operation of choice. Thus, when p is inimum signal indication, comparison circuit signals 23 knows that there have been successful radio program, and starts the operation of the signal selection.

As shown in the block diagram in Fig.4, in one embodiment, the method codes are generated remotely from the source 1 of light (LS), on the stage 101. In this embodiment, remote device control (RC) 3 generates the codes, but an alternative lighting system may include a Central device that generates the codes and sends them to a remote management device 3. When the user indicates a light source using a remote control device 3 and presses the button 17 to set the light output, perform the following procedure. At step 102, the remote control device 3 receives the user input and transmits omnidirectional codes through its RF module 19 to the source 1 of light together with a command to transmit the codes at that time, as on the stage 103 generate a signal indication. When each light source 1 receives the transmitted command and the appropriate code on your RF module 7, at step 104 it is directionally transmits the accepted code through a set of lighting elements 11, i.e. in the form of optical signals. Then the remote control device 3, in turn, receives optical signals on the optical receiver 21 detects codes, step 105, and the OS is in charge of the selection procedure, to identify the source 1 of light indicates a remote management device 3, step 106. When the light source 1 is selected, the remote control device 3 sends the new settings to the light source 1, stage 107.

According to another variant implementation, the code consists of code symbols, which are also called elementary signals. The light sources 1 a remote management device 3 transmits one character at a time. This is advantageous in that the capacity requirements of the light sources may be relatively low, as they should transmit only one symbol, i.e. the part of the code, not the whole code. As an example, assume that the remote control device 3 generates two different code symbols S1 and S2, where S1="0" and indicates "absence of light"and S2="1", it means "full of light", and assume that each code consists of four characters. Also assume that there are three light source LS1, LS2 and LS3, and that the remote control device generates codes c1={S1,S1,S2,S2}, c2={S1,S2,S1,S2} and c3={S2,S1,S1,S2} for LS1, LS2 and LS3, respectively.

When the user clicks the settings button, the remote control device 3 transmits the light sources 1 instruction to transmit their respective first character through the transfer command {LS1 S1 transmits, LS2 transmits S1, LS3 re the AET S2} for non-directional channel. Each respective light source directionally transmits its own symbol. When the character is actually transmitted from a remote control device, the signal indicating generate and use, as described above. A remote management device 3 measures the detected response.

A remote management device 3 transmits the light sources 1 instructions to pass them on to the second character using the command {LS1 S1 transmits, LS2 transmits S2 LS3 transmits S1}. Again, the remote control device 3 measures the detected response. This is repeated until such time as all of the characters will not be transmitted over the RF channel and optically accepted by the remote control device 3.

A remote management device 3 is able ultimately to decide, in accordance with some criterion, as shown in the example below, what is the source 1 of light is the most visible, and the light source accept as a fact that is indicated by the remote control device 3.

Finally, the remote control device sends the new settings to the selected light source.

The timing diagram for this example, selection of the light source illustrated in Fig.3. Because the remote control device 3 determines when should result in the transfer of characters, lighting system at a General level is automatically synchronous. This is from OSISA to work in General. As stated above, on a very accurate timeline can be seen that, in practice, some delays will occur in the remote control device, and the light sources 1 when processing commands. However, in comparison with the variance of the time in a remote control device that corrects the present decision, the delay control device of the lighting low, and, in addition, they are more predictable, because the deviation is also small. Therefore, the comparison circuit can start work immediately when it receives the signal indication. However, as an alternative, you can imagine that introduce a slight offset, which takes into account the signal indication, in the comparison circuit, in order to establish that the codes or code symbols actually received by the optical receiver 21 when performing the measurement. Time delays and their deviations are illustrated in Fig.3 and denoted as ∆ Ti.

In addition, the light sources do not need to know about the codes, because they simply transmit symbols, when and as they receive commands from the remote control unit 3. This means that the light sources 1 does not need to know how many other light sources exist in the system, and so on, Because the remote control device 3 determines the length of the character or frequency of elementary signal is, the source 1 of light is not supposed to know about orthogonal and non-orthogonal codes.

As an optimization, in accordance with one variant of the method, commands, separate light sources to pass themnth code symbol are combined into one broadcast, and not inmindividual messages formthe light sources. This minimizes the time delay of arrival that exist in any wireless channel. As an additional optimization, broadcast after broadcast for complete codes can contain only the changes relative to the previous broadcast. For example, as described above in the example of Fig.3, the remote control device 3 will transmit {LS1:S1;LS2:S1;LS3:S2}, {LS2:S2;LS3:S1}, {LS1:S2;LS2:S1}, {LS2:S2;LS3:S2}.

Additional suitable sign is to identify the team completing the transfer, which is a remote management device 3 transmits after the last transmitted symbol, because the light sources 1 do not know whether the specific character of the latter. When receiving a command to complete the handover, the source 1 of light back to their settings to broadcast the first code symbol. The advantage is that the remote control device 3 should not send a separate message to each light source 1, to return it to its previous led on the Cam. In addition, or alternatively, there is also a timeout, so that the light sources 1 are automatically returned to their original settings if they have not received a command to transmit a code symbol within a pre-defined period of time, which may be, for example, of the order of one or several seconds.

As for the measurements and calculations carried out by the remote control device 3 using optical signals received from the light sources 1, they can be carried out in accordance with any effective way known now or in the future. For example, the known method is based on measurement of the angle of incidence, where the light source having the smallest angle of incidence is chosen by means of the remote control unit 3, as disclosed, for example, in the unpublished application PCT/IB2009/052363. Another method is based on the intensity of the light, where the light source having the highest intensity, chosen by means of the remote control unit 3. In this regard, the comparison circuit signals 23 contains the correlator to perform correlation on the received optical signals.

Before the user can begin to configure the source 1 of light between the remote control device 3 and the light sources 1 there should be some the basic exchange of information. This is performed during the phase of commissioning. During commissioning of the remote control device 3 receives information about the number of light sources in the lighting system, the details of their own identity and their capabilities. This information is used to generate the appropriate codes and code symbols, which are preferably, but not necessarily, should be chosen in order to obtain as short codes, as far as possible, or codes that are effective for some other reason. After generation remote management device 3 transmits information about code symbols on light sources. Thus, for example, in accordance with one variant of implementation, the phase of commissioning is as follows.

1. Apply power to the light sources.

2. Each light source 1 via its RF module transmits the message to a non-directional channel that says it needs to be put into operation. The light source 1 includes basic identification, such as a MAC address.

3. Remote control unit 3 sends the light sources queries about their capabilities, while using basic authentication. For example, the remote control device 3 can query each light source on what frequency PWM can create and the light source, what is the minimum/maximum light intensity output, and so on

4. Given the capabilities of the light sources 1, the accepted number of light sources and their own type of receiver, remote control unit 3 determines a set of candidate symbols and the set of codes.

5. The remote control device transmits the determination of the characters, which is also called the alphabet, the light sources 1. In those versions of the implementation, where the remote control device transmits light sources instructions to send the whole code in a single operation instead of the character at the same time, the remote control device additionally provides each light source, its corresponding code.

At present, it is preferable to carry out these stages of commissioning at initial startup of the lighting system, and if changed the alphabet after adding a new light source in the lighting system. However, you need to change only the alphabet, when the number of light sources increases above a certain threshold. Therefore, carry out most of the chronological stages from 1 to 5, adapted to add a new light source, since the other light sources already have the necessary information. They need only to be updated when the current is a set of codes does not allow you to serve another light source.

There are alternative ways of implementation of commissioning. For example, the commissioning can occur whenever the light source.

As for the technology transfer for RF interaction and optical interaction, the General knowledge of a person skilled in the art are useful and sufficient and, therefore, it is not necessary to describe in detail in this document. However, it should be noted that for applications where remote control device may set the frequency of the PWM (pulse width modulation) and a duty cycle of the light sources, it is useful to use TDMA (multiple access with time division), FDMA (multiple access frequency division), or CDMA (multiple access code division multiple access) codes for optical transmission. In such use, for example, the light sources 1 may include LED (light emitting diode) lighting elements and, more specifically, red, green and blue LED lighting elements. In any case, to transmit the codes from the light sources 1, carry out some type of modulation of the light output, such as modulation on-off used in the example above, or amplitude modulation. The expert knows that the type of modulation chosen as far as possible so that the floor is the user does not perceive any flicker of the light emitted.

The person skilled in the art understands that the present invention is not limited to the preferred versions of the implementation described above. On the contrary, within the scope of the applied claims there are many possible modifications and variations. In addition to the above, some additional examples are as follows.

According to alternative implementation, the RF modules used for non-directional communications in a remote control device and the light sources are infrared (IR) modules.

According to alternative implementation, directional transmission from the light sources to the remote control device is realized by means of IR devices, such as IR-LED. An additional alternative is to use aimed RF transmitters, such as 60 GHz RF transmitters. For example, these alternatives can be used when the light source is an incandescent lamp that is too inert for direct modulation.

1. Remote control device, arranged to select a light source among the multiple light sources, and
remote control device contains a non-directional transmitter and arranged to instruct, via the omnidirectional transmitter light source, the Cove light to transmit a directional signal, contains code that is unique for each light source;
remote control device comprises a receiver directional signal and is arranged to receive directional signals from the light sources; and
remote control device includes a comparison of the signals connected to the receiver directional signal, and configured to select one of the light source based on the received directional signals, characterized in that
remote control device includes a transmission indicator, which is arranged to generate a signal indication indicating a successful Omni-directional transmission, and
remote control device is arranged to initiate the selection of one of the light sources by signal indication.

2. Remote device management under item 1, in which the comparison circuit signals contains at least one correlator, coupled to the output transmission indicator for signal readout.

3. Remote device management under item 1 or 2, in which each code consists of a sequence of one or more code symbols, and a remote control device is arranged to instruct the light sources to transmit the code symbols at different points in time, one code symbol at a time.

4. Udalen the th control device according to p. 3, in which the remote control device is arranged to generate code and to instruct the light sources about what character to transmit at any time, in accordance with the codes.

5. The selection method of the light source among the multiple light sources by means of the remote control device, which includes steps in which:
remote control device via omnidirectional transmission instructs each light source to transmit a directional signal that contains the code that is unique for each light source;
remote control device receives the directional signals from the light sources, and
remote control device selects one of the light sources based on the received directional signals and differs in that
remote control device generates a signal indication indicating a successful Omni-directional transmission, and
- initiate the selection of one of the light sources by signal indication.

6. The method according to p. 5, which referred to the initiation of a selection of one of the light sources includes initiation correlation of the received directional signals.

7. The method according to p. 5 or 6 in which each code consists of a sequence of one or more code symbols and where the remote device management tools ciruit each light source to transmit the optical signal, which contains the stages on which:
- instruct the light sources to transmit the code symbols at different points in time, one code symbol in one moment of time.

8. The method according to p. 7, comprising stages, which are:
remote control device generates codes and instructs the light sources about what character to transmit at any time, in accordance with the codes.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: lighting system comprises multiple lighting units (1, 4), each configured to illuminate a target area. There is a central element that reduces the light force and has controlled conductivity. Each lighting unit comprises at least one source (101, 201) of light, a controlled exciter (2, 5) of the source of light, connected to the source of light (101, 201), and a light sensor (3, 6) configured to measure the light flux in the target area of the lighting unit (1, 4). The exciter of the light source supplies energy to the source of light in accordance with input control voltage generated by a source of current. The light sensor is connected to the current source and has alternating conductivity corresponding to the light flux. The light force of the lighting units (1, 4) may be reduced in a combination by means of connection of each sensor (3, 6) of light in parallel with an element (7) reducing the light force via an appropriate diode (9, 10, 13).

EFFECT: improved energy efficiency of a lighting system.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: programming device (100) to programme a controller (10) in an electronic driver (200) comprises a controlled source (30) of voltage for generation of AC voltage suitable for power supply to the electronic driver (200), and a programming controller (20) to control the voltage source (30). The programming device (100) is designed to modulate the power supply frequency with the purpose to ensure power supply of the electronic driver (200) and transmission of programming data to the electronic driver (200).

EFFECT: facilitation of communication with a controller with minimisation of changes made to a driver.

13 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The voltage divider scheme (1) intended for combination of a dimmer (2) with phase control and LED scheme (3) comprises an active circuit (4) to increase a number of variants. The active circuit (4) may contain a current-limit circuit (5) in order to limit current passing through the voltage divider scheme (1). The active circuit (4) may comprise a voltage detection circuit (6) for deactivation or deactivation in response to detection of the current-limit circuit (5) and may comprise a control circuit such as microprocessor chip (7) intended to control the current-limit circuit (5) and may contain a control circuit (9) intended to control use of data received from the current passing through the LED scheme (3) intended to control the current-limit circuit (5) and to control at least a part of the LED scheme (3) containing back-to-back LEDs (31-32) or in-series LEDs and/or parallel LEDs (33-36).

EFFECT: reduced power losses.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems based on light for transmission of information associated with formation of social communications. Illumination controllers controlling individually controlled illumination devices in a light-based system for the formation of the social communications are used in a combination with communication networks to identify and form remote social communications on the basis of light. In addition, visualisation controllers are used in a combination with visualisation infrastructures, visualisation actuators, localisation systems and identification systems to visually identify potentially social communications located nearby.

EFFECT: improving identification efficiency of people with similar interests, who are present nearby.

37 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The device for determination of the brightness control phase angle set by operating the brightness control for the solid-state lighting load, comprises a processor with digital input, first diode, connected between the digital input and voltage source, and a second diode, connected between the digital input and earth. The device also comprises first capacitor, connected between the digital input and determination node, second capacitor, connected between a the determination node and earth, and resistance, connected between the determination node and node of rectified voltage, which accepts rectified voltage from the brightness control. The processor is made with a possibility of discretising digital impulses at digital input on the basis of rectified voltage and identifying a phase angle of the brightness control on the basis of lengths of discretised digital impulses.

EFFECT: improvement of precision of regulation of luminosity of solid-state lighting load.

9 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. A LED light source comprises: the first rectifier having the first and the second input terminals to connect to the alternating voltage source and the first and the second output terminals connected by the first LED circuit, the second rectifier having the first and the second input terminals and output terminals; the first input terminal of the second rectifier is connected to the first input terminal of the first rectifier and the second input terminal of the second rectifier is connected to the second input terminal of the first rectifier, the output terminals are connected by the second LED circuit, it also comprises a unit to create phase shift between the voltages which are present at the output terminals of the first rectifier and the output terminals of the second rectifier respectively in the course of operation. The LED circuits are excited by the circuit that can be powered from electricity supply network.

EFFECT: possibility to suppress stroboscopic effects.

6 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. According to the control method, one or more devices located inside a building are connected, directly or indirectly, to a programmable multimedia controller configured to issue control commands which, upon execution, change the state of the devices. A display screen displays a virtual room user interface. The virtual room user interface includes one or more virtual rooms, each having a photorealistic image of part of the building, including photorealistic images of one or more devices located inside said part of the building. In response to selection of a specific photorealistic visual image, the programmable multimedia controller can issue control commands which, upon execution, change the state of said specific device. The external appearance of the specific virtual room can be updated to reflect the changed state.

EFFECT: easy control of home appliances.

20 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: physics, communications.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to selecting and controlling devices based on wireless communication technology. The wireless controller sends a test message to one or more devices; each device receives the test message, obtains information relating the location thereof relative to the wireless controller, determines the response time according to a first predefined rule based on the relative location information thereof; detects response signals from other devices until the response time expires; decides whether or not to send its response signal according to a second predefined rule and procedure for detecting response signals from other devices; the wireless controller receives response signals sent by devices after comparing information on the location of each device relative to the wireless controller and selects the target device from said devices.

EFFECT: reduced complexity, delay and power consumption when selecting wireless devices which are especially applicable for wireless illumination systems.

11 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: method and device are proposed for power-saving control of street lighting, which consist in autonomous adaptive street lamps during the day depending on duration of a light day calculated for every day of the calendar year for this geographic area, and also road traffic intensity. The technical objective of the proposed invention is aimed at increasing energy efficiency and safety of street lighting control. The method provides for functioning of the lighting system in a power-saving mode (mode of lamps dimming), which is subdivided into the basic and optimal power-saving mode. The basic power-saving mode is the mode, when street lamps are dimmed for the knowingly permissible interval of time. The optimal power-saving mode is the mode, when duration of the power-saving mode is maximum for the current date. In the case when values of time for switching on and off are not defined for both optimal and basic power-saving mode, the power-saving mode in the subsequent cycle of operation of street lamps is not switched on. The device comprises a source of light, a power supply unit, a unit of adaptive dimming, a sensor of road traffic intensity (option), and makes it possible to carry out autonomous adaptive dimming of street lamps during the day.

EFFECT: reduced costs for electric energy for lighting needs and costs for creation and operation of communication lines between lamps and automated switching points.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: lighting device includes sets of LEDs using natural characteristics of LEDs to bear a resemblance to an incandescent lamp performance at reduction of brightness. Technical result is simpler control. The first set of at least one LED provides light of the first colour temperature, and the second set of at least one LED provides light of the second colour temperature. The first and the second sets are connected in series, or the first and the second sets are connected in parallel, with a resistive element as far as possible with the first or the second sets. The first and the second sets differ by temperature characteristic or have different resonance electric resistance.

EFFECT: lighting device generates light with a colour point parallel and close to a black body curve.

15 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering, communication.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates mainly to communication equipment. As per the first version of the invention, RFID identifier for identification of equipment is installed above screws for attachment of equipment to a rack. As per the second version, RFID identifier for identification of a unit (slot) of the rack is installed between rack skids on a moving bracket; besides, the identifier is shifted with equipment housing when the same equipment is being installed into the rack.

EFFECT: proposed design allows increasing reading distance of RFID identifiers in telecommunication racks.

9 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: physics, communications.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to selecting and controlling devices based on wireless communication technology. The wireless controller sends a test message to one or more devices; each device receives the test message, obtains information relating the location thereof relative to the wireless controller, determines the response time according to a first predefined rule based on the relative location information thereof; detects response signals from other devices until the response time expires; decides whether or not to send its response signal according to a second predefined rule and procedure for detecting response signals from other devices; the wireless controller receives response signals sent by devices after comparing information on the location of each device relative to the wireless controller and selects the target device from said devices.

EFFECT: reduced complexity, delay and power consumption when selecting wireless devices which are especially applicable for wireless illumination systems.

11 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: transmitting part of a measurement system comprises sensors monitoring a reservoir and is equipped with an accumulator, the outlet of which is connected to the first inlet of a power supply controller. The inlet of the accumulator is connected to the first outlet of the power supply controller, the second inlet of which is connected to the first outlet of an exchange controller, and the second outlet - to the first inlet of the exchange controller. The first inlet of a radio transmitter is connected to the second outlet of the power supply controller, the second inlet is connected to the first outlet of the exchange controller, and the high-frequency outlet - with a transmitting antenna made as capable of sending messages to the centre of reception, to the receiving antenna. The receiving antenna is connected to a radio receiver, the outlet of which is connected to the inlet of the decoder. The transmitting part includes a barrier of spark protection, a solar battery, the outlet of which is connected to the third inlet of the power supply controller, and a unit of galvanic isolation, via which the second outlet of the power supply controller is connected to the first inlet of the radio transmitter, the first outlet of the exchange controller is connected to the second inlet of the radio transmitter, and the control outlet of the radio transmitter is connected to the third inlet of the exchange controller. Inlets of sensors via the spark protection barrier are connected to the second outlet of the exchange controller, the second inlet of which is connected to outlets of sensors. The first, second and third inlets of a protocol generator are connected accordingly with the first, second and third outlets of the decoder, the fourth inlet is connected to the outlet of the timer, and the outlet - to the monitor's inlet.

EFFECT: increased reliability and simplified efficient monitoring over reservoirs of a reservoir farm.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: physics, control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a wireless control device. The wireless control device, having an antenna and a power collector for generating power for the device from a radio-frequency signal incident on the antenna, wherein the device further includes a power divider for dividing the incident signal and an up-converter stage, wherein the up-converter stage comprises one of a low-noise amplifier and dual-port mixer or a dual-port parametric amplifier, wherein the two ports include a first port for receiving a control signal to undergo up-conversion, and a second port for receiving an incident radio-frequency signal and for outputting an up-converted control signal at upper and lower sideband frequencies, wherein the antenna is connected to the second port.

EFFECT: improved conversion of transmission signal.

16 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: one of the transmitting-receiving sides can transmit source information through a control subsystem and the other can receive source information through the control subsystem. The transmitting side includes a unit for presenting source information with a corresponding sequentially numbered set of integers, units for converting said set of numbers with elements for the proposed conversion, known only at the transmitting side, and units for converting the received set of numbers with elements for the proposed conversion, known only at that side and facilitating transmission thereof to the receiving side. The receiving side includes units for converting the received set of numbers with elements for the proposed conversion, known only at that side and facilitating transmission thereof to the transmitting side, units for converting the received set of numbers with elements for the proposed conversion, known only at that side and configured to restore the presentation of the source information by the corresponding set of integers and restoring the source information from said set of numbers.

EFFECT: high efficiency of transmitting and receiving information between two receiving and transmitting sides.

1 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: system for remote water temperature measurement of water reservoirs consists of transmitting stations located in floating buoys arranged in different places of water reservoir or in different water reservoirs, and a receiving station. Each transmitting station includes a receiving-transmitting antenna, a power supply unit, a transmitter, two temperature sensors related to converters, a double-input switch, an analogue-to-digital converter, a signal transmission end unit, a frequency request receiver and a timer. Besides, one sensor is located in top water layer and the other one in bottom water layer. Outputs of temperature converters are connected to inputs of the switch, the output of which is connected to the input of analogue-to-digital converter. One output of the switch is connected to the device for data processing and indication of the temperature measurement result of top water layer of the reservoir, and the other one to the device meant for data processing and indication of the temperature measurement result of bottom layer of the water reservoir. Each device for data processing and indication of temperature measurement result includes in-series connected demodulator, decoder, memory register and digital temperature indicator.

EFFECT: system allows requesting temperature data from one dispatch station and receiving that data from different water reservoirs and their different places.

1 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering.

SUBSTANCE: remote control panel includes an annular touch sensor (sensor) to control the annular menu system displayed on the display device (display). In response to a user's clockwise or counter-clockwise rotating gesture on an annular sensor, strong pressure on annular sensor or tender touch of a certain point on annular sensor, annular menu system reacts by choosing certain positions. Besides, remote control panel is provided with possibility of implementing the location detection function. Control is adapted to that location and to the nearby devices. Besides, the remote control panel is also capable of implementing the user detection function so that control is adjusted considering individual preferences of various users.

EFFECT: increasing the control efficiency of the devices connected to programmable multimedia controller.

18 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: sensor units are configured to transmit data via nondirectional radio transmission, where the selected number of sensor units, containing at least one sensor unit, through a spatially confined first signal for controlling operating states, can be selectively switched from a first operating state to a second operating state, wherein sensor units in the first operating state cannot receive control data via nondirectional radio transmission or at least cannot process said data, and in the second operating state can receive control data via nondirectional radio transmission and process said data.

EFFECT: possibility of selective configuration of a sensor unit when there are other sensor units within the radio communication range.

17 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: lantern control device consists of two schemes: electronic cover scheme (ECS) and remote control panel scheme (RCPS). Electronic cover scheme includes lantern lamp, battery power of lantern lamp, electronic switch, voltage stabiliser, voltage divider, ECS analogue-to-digital converter, ECS microcontroller, ECS memory block, ECS control key, ECS radio transceiver, ECS antenna. Remote control panel scheme includes RCPS battery power, RCPS control key, RCPS analogue-to-digital converter, RCPS microcontroller, RCPS memory block, RCPS radio transceiver, RCPS antenna.

EFFECT: remote switching on/off of lighting equipment, remote control of illumination brightness, battery power saving, remote control of lighting equipment operation modes.

2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: messages can be commands for controlling guarded vehicles or other objects, as well as telemetric data. In the disclosed method, an ancillary sinusoidal signal is generated at the transmitting side with frequency inside the range of modulating frequencies used by a voice communication transmitter. The ancillary sinusoidal signal is pre-modulated with successive message signals which are generated using a frequency band which is significantly narrower than that of modulating frequencies of the voice communication transmitter. A signal at the carrier frequency of the voice communication transmitter is modulated with the obtained pre-modulated signal during transmission. At the receiving side, reception is carried out at a frequency associated with linear transformation of the carrier frequency of the voice communication transmitter and frequency of the ancillary sinusoidal signal. The received signal is filtered in a frequency band defined by the frequency band of the ancillary sinusoidal signal based on pre-modulation thereof with successive message signals. The received signal is demodulated according to the selected modulation of the ancillary sinusoidal signal.

EFFECT: considerably longer communication range when sending messages.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: remote measurement of temperature, possible use in power engineering, medicine, home appliances.

SUBSTANCE: the method is claimed for remote measurement of temperature as well as device for its realization. In accordance to the invention, information received from temperature sensor is processed and transferred through cell phone upon request, while the request is a call to the cell phone. Call signal is transformed to control command of phone pickup of cell phone, then during first non-rated seconds speech information about value of measured temperature is transferred, and then the connection is terminated. The device for realization of suggested method contains coupling block, indication module, parameter input module, timer, speech synthesizer, where timer and parameter input module are connected directly to inputs of microcontroller, and indication module, cell phone control input and control input of speech synthesizer are connected directly to its outputs, where output of sound signal of cell phone through coupling block is connected to input of microcontroller, and analog output of speech synthesizer is connected to microphone input of cell phone.

EFFECT: increased convenience of remote temperature measurement.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Up!