Specific branched aldehydes, alcohols, surfactants and consumer products based thereon

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a novel acyclic aldehyde having 16 carbon atoms, containing at least three branches and selected from a group consisting of: 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyldodecanal, 2,3,7,11-tetramethyl-dodecanal, 7,11,-dimethyl-3-vinyldodeca-6,10-dienal and 4,8,12-dimethyltrideca-4,7,11-trienal, to a composition of substances suitable for use as starting material for producing surfactants and containing at least one of the disclosed acyclic aldehydes, to a composition of detergent alcohols, suitable for producing a composition of surfactants and containing at least one acyclic alcohol converted from the disclosed acyclic aldehyde, and to a surfactant composition suitable for use in a detergent or cleaning composition and containing one or more surfactant derivatives of isomers of the acyclic detergent alcohol converted from the disclosed acyclic aldehyde. The invention also relates to versions of a cleaning composition and to versions of a method of producing an alcohol mixture for a composition of detergent alcohols.

EFFECT: improved properties of compounds.

19 cl, 10 tbl, 24 ex

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to certain new aldehydes, detergent alcohols, surface active substances and consumer products, such as products for Laundry, personal care products, products for the care of the dishes, shampoos and products for cleaning hard surfaces and similar products containing these compositions surfactants. Also describes how to get the new aldehydes, alcohols and surfactants.

The level of technology

Surface-active substances, even at the present time are the only important cleaning ingredients in products for Laundry and household products for cleaning. Anionic surfactants as a class are the most common in terms of applications worldwide and are typically used at levels from 30 to 40% of the detergent composition. The development of this class, which sometimes is called "main surfactant has always been slow due to long periods of development and the high cost of capital investment in the industry products that require multi-billion dollar annual investment of£. Changes are often caused by changes in consumer needs or habits, such as the development of new ti is s fabrics, which may require a lower temperature washing cycles and gentle washing or in a dynamic society in which we now live, more brief periods of washing become the norm. All of the above factors played a role in recent developments of new anionic surfactants. As a result of requirements of surface-active substances that have properties that give them a high resistance to precipitation of calcium and magnesium in hard water, as well as enhanced cleaning properties at colder temperatures, wash and shorter wash cycles, in recent years there have been several chemical developments, which led to the introduction of methyl and ethyl branched surfactants. Examples of such developments are described in the article J. Scheibel, Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, "The Evolution of Anionic Surfactant Technology to Meet the Requirements of the Laundry Detergent Industry", volume 7, number 4, October, 2004 ("Scheibel JSD Article" in this application), which identifies the need for and development of such technologies branched surfactants. Technology point to the need to minimize branching efficient surfactants with good bioremediation.

Highly branched surfactants were obtained from tetrapropylene and have called the W alkylbenzenesulfonate or "FIRM ABS". Solid ABS are very complex, branched structure consisting of 3 or 4 branches per molecule. The structure below illustrates one example of a solid ABS molecule. The illustration shows four fanout of methyl and ethyl branches in the Quaternary, as well as genialnom the branches.

Solid ABS was found to have significantly lower bioremediate than linear alternatives. Alcohol sulfates derived from such highly branched tetrapropylene original substances have similar problems as solid ABS, including inhibited bioremediate. As such, solid ABS and related alcohol sulfates are of limited use in products for washing or other consumer products.

One example sold in a given time branched surfactants, which are used in consumer products, is a slightly branched alkylsulfate and is called "HSAS" for vysokochastotnogo alkylsulfate. HSAS are illustrated in the article Scheibel JSD and other foreign articles. HSAS are obtained from crude oil. Light branching substances provide a high solubility, resistance to mechanical stress and good performance.

Thus, although this surfactant and others designed to meet the needs of consumers today, cleaned in cold water, there remains the problem of providing an alternative branched surfactants of the non-oil sources for further environmental safety in the manufacture of detergents and in other industries that are technology-based surfactants and prefer branched substances with properties HSAS.

This application describes how to get the new aldehydes, alcohols and surfactants useful in the composition of consumer products such as personal care products and products for washing and cleaning.

The invention

This application describes an acyclic aldehyde having 16 or 21 carbon atoms, containing at least three branching and three or less carbon-carbon double bond, which is a useful source material for receiving detergent surfactants, and its concrete implementation.

Also described composition of detergent alcohols containing at least one acyclic alcohol having 16 carbon atoms, containing at least three branching, branching represent methyl, ethyl or mixtures thereof./p>

Also describes the composition of a surfactant containing one or more surface-active derivatives of acyclic isomers detergent alcohol containing 11, 16 or 21 carbon atoms and two, three, four or five metal or ethyl branches or mixtures thereof.

The method of obtaining a mixture of detergent alcohols, including the stage at which (a) provide one or more polyazomethine polyolefins, with polyazomethine polyolefins must contain one non-branched terminal olefin and one or more additional branched olefins in the molecule; (b) hydroformylation these polyazomethine polyolefins with getting polyazomethines of olefin containing aldehyde product with one or more olefins or mixtures thereof, with a catalyst selected from the group consisting of modified or unmodified transition metals of group IX, and the process conditions comprising a process temperature in the range from about 50°to about 130°C, the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from approximately 0.25:1 to about 4:1 and the total pressure in the range from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig; and (C) restore the aldehyde product obtained in stage (b) in the presence of hydrogen, the hydrogenation catalyst, using the process conditions comprising a process temperature in the range from about 20°C. to about 130°C. and a hydrogen pressure ranging from 100 psig to about 2000 psig with the formation of a mixture polyazomethine detergent alcohols; and (d) removes the given mixture polyazomethine detergent alcohols from the specified catalyst.

The method of obtaining a mixture of detergent alcohols, with the specified method includes a stage on which (a) provide polyazomethine polyolefins that contain one non-branched terminal olefin and one or more additional branched olefins in the molecule; (b) hydroformylation and restore the specified palliatively polyolefin using the catalyst, selected from the concrete modified with transition metals of group IX and the process conditions comprising a process temperature in the range from approximately 90°to approximately 200°C, the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from about 2 : 1 to about 5 : 1, and the total pressure in the range of from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig; and (C) removes the given alcohol composition from the specified catalyst.

The present invention is based on the surprising discovery that detergent alcohols and derivatives of the two or more branches can have a good bioremediate, high solubility in cold hard water, are highly effective in combination with other detergent ingredients, such as co-surfactants, enzymes, modifying components, chelators and cleaning polymers. Additionally, you will define the methods that provide improved synthetic efficiency compared with other branched surfactants based on the oil of the original substance.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention relates to a method of obtaining a mixture of detergent alcohols, including the stage at which:

A. provide one or more polyazomethine polyolefins, with polyazomethine polyolefins must contain one non-branched terminal olefin and one or more additional branched olefins in the molecule;

b. hydroformylation polyazomethine polyolefins with getting polyazomethines of olefin containing aldehyde product with one or more olefins or mixtures thereof;

C. restore the aldehyde product obtained in stage (b) in the presence of hydrogen and hydrogenation catalyst; and

d. remove the resulting polyazomethine alcohol mixture from the specified catalyst.

One implementation of this method includes a step hydroformylation the Oia and the stage of recovery, which are at the same time.

Polyazomethine polyolefin structure

A key element of the method in accordance with the present invention is the educt - Polyazomethine polyolefins. In order to better illustrate the possible complexity of the preferred polyazomethines polyolefin source materials for the present invention, the following structures (a)-(j). These are just a few of the hundreds of possible preferred structures that make possible the original substance, and they should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

(a) to (E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-dodeca-1.6.10-triene(b) (3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraen
Common name: Beta farneseneCommon name: alpha farnesene
(C) (E)-2,6-dimethyl-10-methylindoline-1,6,11-triene(d) (3E,6E)-7,11-dimethylbutene-1,3,6,10-tetraen
(f) 7-methyl-3-letiltotta-1,6-Dien
(e) (6E,8Z)-7,11-dimethyl-3 - methylindoline-1,6,8-trieneCommon name: Beta-MIRCEN
(g) (E)was 3.7-dimethylocta-1,3,6-triene(h) (Z)-3-ethyl-7-metalarte-1,3,6-triene
(j) (Z)was 3.7-dimethylocta-1,4,6-triene

The molecule represented by structure (d), can potentially be obtained from disapline and illustrates the usefulness of the method of application other starting substances, except those that are exclusively described the starting substances for the preferred inventions.

The compound (a), (b), (C) and (e) can be obtained from:

i. farnesene natural origin, extracted from existing plants and organisms;

ii. farnesene obtained by genetically modified organisms;

iii. synthetically obtained trimers of isoprene;

iv. mixtures thereof.

Other illustrated examples polyazomethine on the of josefino shown to to be documented to show the usefulness of the methods in accordance with the present invention for operation with other olefins, which can not be obtained by methods i, ii, iii or iv. These examples are less preferred.

Vysokoproizvoditelnykh the olefin in accordance with the present invention is (k), which can be used for the conversion of the preferred alcohol 1 in accordance with the present invention.

i. Farnese natural origin, extracted from existing plants and organisms:

Examples of farnesene natural origin and possible other illustrated structures may belong to the class of natural substances called terpenes. Terpenes are a large and varied class of hydrocarbons, obtained mainly from a wide variety of plants, particularly conifers and other pine, while also using some insects, such as butterflies-holder. Because many of these substances extracted from plants and other natural organisms, often present as macromedi may be desired cleaning of the components before use in the methods in accordance with the present invention. Cm. U.S. patent No. 4,605,783.

The term "farnesene" refers to a set of six closely related chemical compounds is to all of which are sesquiterpenes. α-Farnesene and β-farnesene are isomers that differ in the location of one double bond, α-Farnesene (structure (b) above) is 3,7,11-trimethyl-1,3,6,10-dodecahedrane, and β-farnesene (structure (a) above) is 7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatrien. The alpha form can exist as four stereoisomers that differ in the geometry of two of the three internal double bonds (stereoisomers third internal double bonds are identical). Beta isomer exists as two stereoisomers geometry around the Central double bond.

Two of the stereoisomers and farnesene reported in Nature. (E,e)-α-Farnesene is the most common isomer. It is found in the skin of apples and other fruits. (7,E)-α-Farnesene was isolated from perelomova oil.

β-Farnesene has one naturally occurring isomer. E isomer is component of various essential oils. It has been shown that some plants, including potato varieties, synthesize this isomer.

ii. Farnese. obtained by genetically modified organisms:

Some recent examples now allow delivery of farnesene and other derivatives of isoprene by genetically modified organisms. Examples of such sources can be found in U.S. patent No. 7,99,323 B2. In this reference, described the possible use farnesene as fuel obtained by genetically engineered farnesene. Another source of genetically-engineered farnesene and isoprene are described in U.S. patent No. 6,872,556 B2.

iii. Synthetically derived trimers of isoprene:

Synthetically derived trimers can be obtained from various sources, two of which are shown in Japanese patent JP 52031841 and JP 48040705. In JP 48040705 described a method of obtaining compound (b), as illustrated above. The method comprises the oligomerization of isoprene in the presence of divalent Ni, derivatives of phosphine and organomagnesium compounds with high outputs, ie, 75% of the compound (b). Available other synthetic methods for producing trimers.

Mixtures of any of the above described non-limiting initial substances can be used in methods in accordance with the present invention, as well as isomeric forms.

A method of obtaining a detergent alcohol mixture

The first method of implementation of the present invention is a method of obtaining a mixture of detergent alcohols, including the stage at which:

A. provide one or more polyazomethine polyolefins, with polyazomethine polyolefins must contain one non-branched terminal olefin and one or more additional p is svetlanna olefins in the molecule;

b. hydroformylation these polyazomethine polyolefins with getting polyazomethines of olefin containing aldehyde with one or more olefins or mixtures thereof, with a catalyst selected from transition metals of group IX, modified or unmodified, and the process conditions, comprising: a process temperature in the range from about 50°to about 130°C., the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from approximately 0.25 to 1 to about 4 : 1, the total pressure in the range from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig;

C. restore the aldehyde product obtained in stage (b) in the presence of hydrogen and hydrogenation catalyst, using the process conditions, comprising: a process temperature in the range from about 20°C. to about 130°C., a hydrogen pressure ranging from 100 psig to about 2000 psig; and

d. removes the given polyazomethine alcohol composition from the specified catalyst.

This first implementation of the method can be illustrated using the following PROCESS SCHEME I, where used as neogranichinymi example, alpha farnesene as the original substance.

The choice of the olefin with the adiya's and method previously illustrated above. Can be applied to any mixture or a single substance from the list of structures or other containing elements which polyazomethine and polyolefin, where one olefin is not branched in the limit position of the chain.

Stage 1 - Hydroformylation One or more polyazomethine polyolefins (alpha farnesene shown in this application) can react in the presence of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and rhodium/triphenylphosphine catalyst to obtain the desired polyazomethine polyolefin aldehydes. Other metals group IX, such as cobalt, may also be used at this stage of the method. Cobalt and rhodium are preferred, but iridium is also acceptable for this method. Carbonhydrates(triphenylphosphine)rhodium(1) is a metal complex that can be purchased from Aldrich Chemical and other sources, for use in combination with triphenylphosphine. Since some catalysts hydroformylation are pyrophoric, it is desirable to use standard methods of obtaining and processing to maintain oxygen levels below 40 ppm, on average below 1 ppm.

Mixing is obtained by applying the coated PTFE magnetic stirrer, is placed in a glass jacket 300 ml reactor. The reactor, in turn, placed on a magnetic plate for mixing, which is communicated to Tim way connected with a magnetic stirrer. Mixing speeds up to 200 rpm are possible without loss of magnetic coupling.

Can also be applied unmodified Rh, but it can require high temperatures and pressures in the application due to lower selectivity. HRh(CO)(PPh3)2is the catalyst that provides good selectivity, particularly when applied to Stage 1 at 25°C, 90-200 pounds per square inch and the ratio of mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen components of 1:1. Other catalysts, such as NCA(CO)(h3)2, can also provide good selectivity when used in the reaction conditions, for example, from 80 to 100 psig and 90°C and ratios of mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen components of 1:1, and high ratios of excess triphenylphosphine at approximately 800:1 with respect to the rhodium. The use of rhodium with excess phosphine ligand creates an active, selective and stable catalyst system at 80-100 psig and 90°C.

Temperature, pressure and ratio of carbon monoxide and hydrogen is necessary in order to control the reaction with getting monoallelic on stage b of this method of the invention (SCHEME 1, step 2). Can be used in temperature range from 60 to 90°C With pressures of from 300 to 600 psig, soothes the deposits of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, components of 2:1. As indicated above, the modified rhodium is preferred, however, if you wish to use unmodified catalyst for stage b of the method, must be used instead of the cobalt, because of its high reactivity and ability to isomerizate olefins with more desired products end joining. It is also necessary to apply a higher ratio of hydrogen with cobalt in order to avoid internal hydroformylation, leading to less desirable products that are not included in the scope of the present invention.

The formation of polyallelic can be achieved by carrying out the process at temperatures above 90°C. a higher ratio of carbon monoxide and hydrogen can also be applied to maximize dialdehydes and other polyarteritis.

Stage 2 - Recovery - stage 2 obtained polyazomethine polyolefin aldehydes react with hydrogen in the presence of catalyst recovery, such as Nickel, ensuring essentially trimethylsilanol unsaturated alcohol. Nickel on kieselguhr is one non-limiting example of a regenerative catalytic system. Rhodium on silica, palladium on kieselguhr are other examples of catalysts which may be used to restore polyazomethine polyolefin aldehydes.

Stage of the method is carried out with different catalysts in the range of Nickel on kieselguhr, rhodium on silica, palladium on diatomaceous earth, which are other examples of catalysts which can be used to restore polyazomethine polyolefin aldehydes. Reaction conditions vary from 20°C to about 130°C., a hydrogen pressure ranging from 100 psig to about 2000 psig hydrogen and download the catalyst may typically be in the range of from 1 to 5% of the substrate relative to polyazomethines polyolefin aldehyde. Thus, a highly efficient process defined by the provision of specific surface-active alcohol and alcohol mixtures for use in preparation of surfactants. Reaction times will vary in accordance with the ratio of catalysts selected temperature and hydrogen pressure. Typical conditions are 150°C at 1000 psi for 16 hours at periodic mode. The way organic periodic processes. Continuous reaction can also be applied to the present invention. The formation of paraffin can be observed during a sequence of processes, but it is easily removed by distillation polyazomethines polyolefin aldehyde after which rosedene stage with fashion or it can be removed from polyazomethines alcohol after stage d of the way if necessary. Thus, highly defined process to ensure specific surfactant-alcohol and alcohol mixtures for use in preparation of surfactants. Polyazomethine alcohol compositions can be transformed through a number of traditional tools in the composition of surface-active substances, for example, detergent alcohol ethoxylate, detergent alcohol sulfate and detergent ethoxylated alcohol sulfate, which is illustrated in the examples of synthesis.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS I: the application PROCESS I:

Synthesis from farnesene polyazomethines polyolefin containing aldehyde, and mixtures thereof,

1.6 grams of carbohydrates(triphenylphosphine)rhodium(I) [17185-29-4], 3.0 grams of triphenylphosphine [603-35-0] and 336 grams of a mixture of isomers of alpha-farnesene [502-61-4] was loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml with stirring. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 2:1 to the initial pressure which is 300 psig. The reactor was heated to 85°C. with stirring using a magnetic stirrer at 500 rpm and the pressure is brought up to 600 pounds per square inch using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 2:1. While using monox is Yes carbon and hydrogen in the reaction pressure was maintained by using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using gas chromatography ("GC") to monitor the progress of the reaction. When the sample GC analysis indicated that the original alpha farnesene completely consumed, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and a mixture of carbon monoxide: hydrogen averted. Depending on the purity of the alpha-farnesene process can take from several hours up to 70 hours. Before moving to the next stage of the reaction, the remainder of the carbon monoxide was removed using vacuum cycles-nitrogen. Aldehyde mixture was removed from the reactor before turning to alcohol in EXAMPLE II, although the aldehyde can be purified, if desired, or when used in other reactions.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS II: application stages (c,d PROCESS SCHEME I.

Synthesis from farnesene polyazomethines alcohol and mixtures thereof,

20 grams of Nickel on kieselguhr (60 wt.% download) and 200 ml of tetrahydrofuran was loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml with stirring. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading with hydrogen to an initial pressure of approximately 600 pounds per square inch. The mixture was heated to approximately 150°C. with stirring at 500 rpm Hydrogen was loaded to a final pressure of approximately 1000 pounds per square du is m and supported such pressure for 16 hours. The contents of the reactor were then cooled to room temperature and the pressure was reduced to approximately 50 pounds per square inch.

The mixture, which was obtained in synthesis Example I, was then loaded into the reactor, eliminating the flow of air from the atmosphere with continuous stirring of the contents of the reactor. The catalyst hydroformylation from synthesis Example 1 can remain in the aldehyde mixture, or may be removed from the aldehyde mixture before use. The reactor was then sealed with hydrogen to an initial pressure of approximately 600 pounds per square inch and heated to approximately 125°C. under stirring at approximately 500 rpm using a magnetic stirrer. The hydrogen pressure was then increased to 1000 pounds per square inch, and this pressure is maintained. The reaction course was monitored by means of GC, while not ceased to produce additional product. The reaction time will vary in accordance with the reaction conditions.

Purification of the crude alcohol mixture can be achieved using standard well-known procedures such as distillation or other purification methods known from the prior art.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS III: application PROCESS I:

Synthesis from farnesene mixture mainly consisting of 4,8,12-trimethyl-tridecan-1-ol (alcohol 1) and 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyl-up decane - 1-ol (JV is RT 2) and their mixtures

The pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml) with stirring using a magnetic stirrer was used as a reactor No. 1, using a vacuum to pull the substances, avoiding contact with air. of 1.80 grams of carbohydrates(triphenylphosphine)rhodium(I) [17185-29-4] and 5.84 grams of Xanthos [161265-03-8] suspended in 77 grams of pentane and loaded into the reactor No. 1. The pentane was removed using a vacuum without heating, then added 50 ml of toluene. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading 10 ATM mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1 and heated up to 60°C for two hours and then cooled to 30°C.

The reactor was placed in a vacuum, then 100,86 grams of TRANS-beta-farnesene [18794-84-8] plus 50 ml of toluene were loaded into the reactor, excluding the ingress of air. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading approximately 44 ATM mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 2:1. The first reactor was heated to 45°C and maintained at this temperature for 19 hours. As the consumption of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the reaction pressure was maintained by using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in a 1:1 ratio.

The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using GC to monitor the progress of the reaction. Che is ez 19 hours the reaction temperature was raised to 85°C, continuing the reaction for an additional 54 hours while maintaining the pressure. Before moving to the next stage of the reaction, the remainder of the carbon monoxide was removed by using heat and vacuum. At the same time, the toluene evaporated to less than 15%as determined by GC analysis.

The pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml under stirring was used as a reactor No. 2. Nickel on silica (10 g, 64% Nickel on silica, restored and stabilized) suspended in 50 ml of pentane were loaded into the reactor 2 by adding 50 ml of pentane for washing lines. The pentane evaporated by heating and vacuum. The reactor was heated from 270 to 275°C in vacuum with subsequent loading with hydrogen to 150-250 pounds per square inch through the bottom drainage hole to keep the area free from catalyst and prevent clogging of the drainage holes. The reactor was left for 15 minutes. Hydrogen was taken and the reactor was then placed in a vacuum using a water aspirator. The reactor was loaded with hydrogen for the second time, left for 15 minutes, then blew, and then used the vacuum. This was repeated twice more. The reactor was then loaded with hydrogen to about 250 psig (always through the bottom drain hole) and the reactor was left on all night when the fact is the temperature value (270-275°C) and pressure (approximately 250 pounds per square inch H2). The reactor was then purged, used vacuum for 15 minutes, then re-loaded with hydrogen (150-250 psi) for 15 minutes. This was repeated twice more. The reactor was loaded with hydrogen up to 250 pounds per square inch, and then cooled to less than 40°C.

The drainage line reactor No. 1 was connected to the reactor 2. The contents of the reactor No. 1 was loaded into the reactor No. 2, excluding the ingress of air by sealing the reactor No. 1 hydrogen and eject fluid from reactor # 1 reactor No. 2 while maintaining the stirring of the reactor at approximately 200 rpm Additional hydrogen was loaded into the reactor through the bottom drain hole to clear area of the catalyst. The reactor was then loaded with hydrogen to 150 psig (always through the bottom drain hole) and the reactor was stirred at about 500 rpm./minutes the Reaction was continued until stopped consume hydrogen and samples, which are taken out from the reactor, not indicated completion of reaction. The reactor was heated for 24 hours at 125°C. while maintaining the pressure of hydrogen of from 450 to 500 pounds per square inch H2. The mixture of products taken out from the reactor. The catalyst was removed by filtration and the volatiles were removed using a rotary evaporator. Analysis of finite mixture using gas chromatography showed that the mixture contained AP is sustained fashion 39% 4,8,12-trimethyl-tridecan-1-ol, 34% 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyl-dodecan-1-ol, 10% of the total paraffin and mixed olefins and 10% of the total mixed diocesana substances.

The SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE IV using stages a, b PROCESS DIAGRAM I:

Synthesis derived from beta-myrcene (C11) polyazomethines polyolefin containing aldehyde, and mixtures thereof,

1.6 grams of carbohydrates(triphenylphosphine)rhodium (I) [17185-29-4], 3.0 grams of triphenylphosphine [603-35-0] and 336 grams of beta-myrcene [84776-26-1], mixture of isomers was loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml with stirring. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 2:1 to the initial pressure which is 300 psig. The reactor was heated to 85°C. under mechanical stirring at 500 rpm and the pressure is brought up to 600 pounds per square inch using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 2:1. As the consumption of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the reaction pressure was maintained by using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using GC to monitor the progress of the reaction. When the sample GC analysis indicated that the original beta-MIRCEN completely consumed, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and the mixture m is noxid carbon: hydrogen averted through the ventilation system. Depending on the purity beta-myrcene, the process time can vary. Before moving to the next stage of the reaction, the remainder of the carbon monoxide was removed using vacuum cycles-nitrogen. Aldehyde mixture was removed from the reactor before turning to alcohol in EXAMPLE V, although the aldehyde can be purified, if desired, or when used in other reactions.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS V: Application stages (c,d PROCESS SCHEME I.

Synthesis derived from beta-myrcene polyazomethines alcohol and mixtures thereof,

Nickel on kieselguhr (20 grams of a 60 wt.% download) plus tetrahydrofuran (200 ml) was loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml with stirring. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading with hydrogen to an initial pressure of approximately 600 pounds per square inch. The mixture was heated to approximately 150°C. with stirring at 500 rpm Hydrogen was loaded to a final pressure of approximately 1000 pounds per square inch and maintained the pressure for 16 hours the Contents of the reactor were then cooled to room temperature and the pressure was reduced to approximately 50 pounds per square inch.

Aldehyde mixture obtained in the SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE IV was then loaded into the reactor, eliminating the flow of air from the atmosphere with continuous stirring sod is reimage reactor. The catalyst hydroformylation remained in the aldehyde mixture. If desired, the catalyst may be removed from the aldehyde mixture before use. The mixture was then sealed with hydrogen at an initial pressure of about 600 psig, and heated to approximately 125°C. under stirring at approximately 500 rpm, the hydrogen Pressure was then increased to 1000 pounds per square inch, and this pressure was maintained by periodic sampling of the contents of the reactor for analysis by GC. The reaction course was monitored by means of GC, while not ceased to produce additional product. The reaction time will vary in accordance with the reaction conditions. Purification of the crude alcohol mixture can be achieved using standard well-known procedures such as distillation or other purification methods known from the prior art.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS VI: using PROCESS SCHEME I:

Synthesis derived from beta-myrcene mixture mainly consisting of 4,8-dimethyl-Nona-1-ol and 3-ethyl-7-methyl-Oct-1-ol and mixtures thereof

of 1.80 grams of carbohydrates(triphenylphosphine)rhodium(I) [17185-29-4] and 5.84 grams of Xanthos [161265-03-8] suspended in 77 grams of pentane and loaded into the reactor No. 1, the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml under stirring with a magnetic stirrer at 300-500 rpm COI is litovali for the whole process, using vacuum to pull the substances, avoiding contact with air. The pentane was removed using a vacuum without heating. Added 50 ml of toluene. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, and then downloaded 10 ATM mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. It was heated to 60°C for two hours and then cooled to 30°C. the Reactor was placed in a vacuum. 100,86 grams of beta-myrcene [18794-84-8] plus 50 ml of toluene were loaded into the reactor, excluding the ingress of air. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading approximately 44 ATM mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 2:1. The first reactor was heated to 45°C and maintained at this temperature for 19 hours. As the consumption of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the reaction pressure was maintained by using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in a 1:1 ratio.

The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using GC to monitor the progress of the reaction. After 19 hours the reaction temperature was raised to 85°C., continuing the reaction for an additional 54 hours while maintaining the pressure.

Before you proceed to the next stage of the reaction, the remainder of the carbon monoxide was removed by using heat and vacuum. At the same time, the toluene evaporated to less than 15% by GC EN is Lisa.

Nickel on silica (10 g, 64% Nickel on silica, restored and stabilized) suspended in 50 ml of pentane and loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml with stirring by adding 50 ml of pentane for washing lines. The pentane evaporated by heating and vacuum. The reactor was heated from 270 to 275°C in vacuum, followed by loading hydrogen from 150 to 250 pounds per square inch of hydrogen through the bottom drainage hole to keep the area free from catalyst and prevent clogging of the drainage holes. The reactor was left for 15 minutes. Hydrogen was taken and the reactor was then placed in a vacuum using a water aspirator. The reactor was loaded with hydrogen, was left for 15 minutes, then chill, then used the vacuum. This was repeated twice more. The reactor was then loaded with hydrogen to about 250 psig (always through the bottom drain hole) and the reactor was left overnight at a temperature of (270-275°C) and pressure (approximately 250 pounds per square inch H2).

The reactor was taken through ventalation system and used the vacuum for 15 minutes. Then the reactor was re-loaded with hydrogen (150-250 psi) for 15 minutes. This was repeated twice more. The reactor was loaded with hydrogen up to 250 pounds per square inch, then cooling and up < 40°C.

The drainage line reactor No. 1 was connected to the reactor 2. The contents of the reactor No. 1 was loaded into the reactor No. 2, excluding the ingress of air by sealing the reactor No. 1 hydrogen and eject fluid from reactor # 1 reactor No. 2 while maintaining the stirring of the reactor at approximately 200 rpm Additional hydrogen was loaded into the reactor through the bottom drain hole to clear area of the catalyst. The reactor was then loaded with hydrogen to 150 psig (always through the bottom drain hole) and the reactor was stirred at about 500 rpm the Reaction is continued until stopped consume hydrogen and samples, which are taken out from the reactor, not indicated completion of reaction. The mixture of products taken out from the reactor, the catalyst was removed by filtration and the volatiles were removed using a rotary evaporator.

The second implementation of the method, represented using PROCESS SCHEME II, includes a step of selective hydrogenation polyazomethines polyolefin before hydroformylation.

Chart II

Accordingly, this implementation includes:

A. ensuring polyazomethine polyolefin in the reactor;

b. selective hydrogenation of all but one olefin, mixtures polyazomethine polyolefins with obtaining CME and polyazomethine of monoolefins;

C. hydroformylation product mixture polyazomethine of monoolefins obtained in stage (b), in the presence of the selective catalyst hydroformylation and the process conditions, comprising: a process temperature in the range from about 50°to about 130°C., the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from approximately 0.25 to 1 to about 5 : 1, the total pressure in the range from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig; obtaining a mixture polyazomethine aldehydes;

d. recovery polyazomethines aldehyde product obtained in stage (C) in the presence of hydrogen and a metal catalyst; and

that is, the removal of specified composition polyazomethines alcohol from the specified catalyst.

In some cases, stage d of this implementation can be minimized or even ignored, because some catalysts hydroformylation can turn monoolefins directly into alcohol with only small amounts of the aldehyde intermediate substance. In this equivalent method may still be a need for a stage d stage as post-treatment for the conversion of a small amount of aldehyde to alcohol, since this aldehyde can be dangerous for reactions involving PR is the rotation surfactants. Examples of such catalysts are described in U.S. patent No. 3420898.

If polyazomethine monoolefinic obtained from other biological or synthetic means, reaction stages a and b can be skipped and stage c and d are carried out directly.

Selective hydrogenation - Catalysts and systems that can be applied to phase b method, the PROCESS DIAGRAM II with obtaining selective hydrogenation in monoolefinic described in U.S. patent No. 6627778 B2, issued by Xu et al. It describes specific catalysts and reaction conditions, the conversion of diolefins in monoolefinic. This method can be applied to the reaction sequence polyazomethine polyolefins in this process. Other appropriate catalysts and systems described in U.S. patent No. 4695560, 4523048, 4520214, 4761509 and Chinese patent CN 1032157. Some implementation catalyst in this way may differ in that it contains from 1.0 to 25 wt.% Nickel, 0.05 to 1.5 wt.% sulfur and the substrate is small balls of Al2About3obtained oil-drop method, where the balls have a pore volume from 1.44MB to 3.0 cm3/g, a surface area in excess of 150 m2/g, and do not contain precious metals and, in fact, do not contain Halogens, alkaline earth metals and alkali metals (<0.1 wt.%). Because the main active what lementa catalyst, used in this process is Nickel, selective hydrogenation must be carried out at a temperature in excess of 200°C to give a specific activity. Additionally, for improving the selectivity of diolefines in monoolefinic you frequently sulfotyrosine catalyst to suppress its activity.

Another approach to providing intermediate monoolefins, if desired, from stage b of this implementation method is not control of hydrogenation, but using standard hydrogenation catalysts and allowing the formation of a mixture of monoolefins and paraffin. The reaction mixture can then be carried out through a sequence of process hydroformylation with and restore d, and paraffin can be removed from the end of the branched alcohol after process d using standard distillation.

For the implementation stage with the way hydroformylation, temperature, pressure and ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide required to control the reaction to minimize the formation of paraffin in this case. Preferred temperatures are in the range from 60 to 90°C at pressures from 300 to 600 pounds per square inch and higher ratio mixture of carbon monoxide 2:1 or higher are preferred or lower to minimize the hydrogenation Olaf is new in paraffin. As indicated above, the modified cobalt is preferred due to its higher reactivity and the ability to isomerizate olefins with more desired products end joining. If you wish to use unmodified cobalt, it is also necessary to apply a lower ratio of hydrogen to avoid internal hydroformylation, leading to less desirable products that are not included in the scope of the present invention.

Stage d method is carried out with different catalysts in the range of Nickel on kieselguhr, rhodium on silica, palladium on diatomaceous earth, which are other examples of catalysts which can be used to restore polyazomethine aldehydes. Reaction conditions vary from 20°C to about 130°C., a hydrogen pressure ranging from 100 psig to about 2000 psig hydrogen and loading of the catalyst may typically be in the range of from 1 to 5% of the substrate relative to polyazomethines polyolefin aldehyde. Thus, a highly efficient process defined by the specific surfactant-alcohol and alcohol mixtures for use in preparation of surfactants. Reaction times will vary in the accordance with the ratio of the catalyst, the selected temperature and hydrogen pressure. Typical conditions are 150°C at 1000 psi for 16 hours in a periodic mode. The method is not periodic organic reactions, but the continuous reaction can also be applied to the present invention. The formation of paraffin can be observed during a sequence of processes, but it is easily removed by distillation polyazomethines polyolefin alcohol after stage d way, or it can be removed from polyazomethines alcohol after the implementation of stage e of the way if necessary.

EXAMPLE VII SYNTHESIS (SCHEME II):

Synthesis from farnesene polyazomethines of monoolefins and mixtures thereof,

The Nickel catalyst on silica (5 g 64% Nickel on silica, restored and stabilized) suspended in 50 ml of pentane and loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml with stirring by adding 50 ml of pentane for washing lines. The pentane evaporated by heating and vacuum. The reactor was heated from 270 to 275°C in vacuum with subsequent loading of hydrogen from 150 to 250 pounds per square inch of hydrogen through the bottom drainage hole to keep the area free from catalyst and prevent clogging of the drainage holes. The reaction is the PRS were left for 15 minutes. Hydrogen was taken, and the reactor was then placed in a vacuum using a water aspirator. The reactor was loaded with hydrogen, was left for 15 minutes, then blew and applied vacuum. This was repeated twice more. The reactor was then loaded with hydrogen to about 250 psig (always through the bottom drain hole) and the reactor was left overnight at a temperature of (270-275°C) and pressure (approximately 250 pounds per square inch H2). The reactor was then purged, apply vacuum to the reactor for 15 minutes and then the reactor was re-loaded with hydrogen (150-250 psi) for 15 minutes. This was repeated twice more. The reactor was loaded with hydrogen up to 250 pounds per square inch, and then was cooled to <40°C.

TRANS-beta-farnesene [18794-84-8] (100 grams) was loaded into a cylinder for storage of samples in 300 ml with addition of 50 ml of pentane to the mark. Cylinder for storage of samples connected to the reactor at 600 ml of a system of tubes and valves. Cylinder for storage of samples was blown into the atmosphere, using cycles of vacuum-hydrogen. Hydrogen was introduced through the bottom hole of the cylinder for storage of samples and through the liquid mixture in order to facilitate the spraying of the liquid when removing the lower layers of air. Just spent four cycles of vacuum-hydrogen. TRANS-beta-farnesene the mixture is then loaded into the reactor at 600 ml, excluding the ingress of air through hermeti the purpose of the cylinder for the storage of the samples with hydrogen and pushing fluid into the reactor while stirring the reactor at approximately 200 rpm Additional hydrogen was loaded into the reactor through the bottom drain hole to clear area of the catalyst. The reactor was then loaded with hydrogen to 150 psig (always through the bottom drain hole) and the reactor was stirred at about 500 rpm the Reaction is continued until stopped consume hydrogen and samples, which are taken out from the reactor, not indicated completion of reaction. The mixture of product and pentane taken out from the reactor. The catalyst was removed by filtration, and the pentane was removed using a rotary evaporator.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS VIII: PROCESS design II using the PRODUCT OBTAINED IN EXAMPLE VII:

Synthesis from farnesene polyazomethine alcohols and their mixtures

1,17 mmol of octacarbonyl of dicobalt and 4.7 mmol of ecosistema (mixture of isomers [13887-00-8] and [13886-99-2]) were combined in 48 ml of dried, degassed 2-propyl alcohol in a high-pressure vessel made of stainless steel of 300 ml, a glass-shirt and covered with PTFE magnetic stirrer. 47,7 mmol obtained from farnesene mixture of paraffin/monoolefins obtained in SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE VII, previously dried over HA molecular sieves and filtered, added to the feed tube of the reactor. Shirts reactor blew air through cycles of vacuum-nitrogen. The reactor of 300 ml was then purged with a mixture of co is of Pereda and hydrogen in a 1:1 ratio.

The reactor containing a mixture of octacarbonyl of dicobalt, ecosistema and 2-propyl alcohol, downloaded to the initial pressure of approximately 150 pounds per square inch, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. The reactor was heated from 60 to 65°C under mechanical stirring at 150-200 rpm while maintaining a pressure of 150 to 200 pounds per square inch, using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. After 1-2 hours the reactor was cooled to below 40°C.

The reactor was purged and from farnesene mixture of paraffin/monoolefins were loaded into the reactor. The reactor was then loaded with a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:2. The reactor was then heated from 160 to 165°C. while maintaining a pressure of from 500 to 700 pounds per square inch using a gas mixture WITH:N2in the ratio of 1:2. The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using GC to monitor the progress of the reaction. When the sample GC analysis indicated the completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and a mixture of carbon monoxide-hydrogen averted through the ventilation system.

Alcoholic product can be formed directly by using such a catalyst and only stage of purification of hydrogenation required to maintain or alcohol products.

EXAMPLE IX SYNTHESIS: used with the eating stage PROCESS SCHEME II through commercial end monoolefins of farnesene:

Synthesis of 4,8,12-trimethyl-tridecanal and mixtures thereof,

1.22 grams of carbohydrates(triphenylphosphine)rhodium(I) [17185-29-4] and 3.11 grams of Xanthos [161265-03-8] suspended in 53 grams of hexane were loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml under stirring at approximately 300-500 rpm, using a vacuum to pull the samples, avoiding contact with air. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, then downloaded 10 ATM mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1 and heated up to 60°C for two hours followed by cooling to 30°C. the Reactor was placed in a vacuum. 27.4 grams 3,7,11-trimethyl-1-dodecen [1189-36-2] plus 85 grams of toluene were loaded into the reactor, excluding the ingress of air. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, then loading from 10 to 15 ATM mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 2:1. The reactor was heated to 45°C. as the consumption of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the reaction pressure was maintained using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using GC to monitor the progress of the reaction. When the sample GC analysis indicated the completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and a mixture of carbon monoxide: hydrogen was taken.

Depending on the purity of 3,7,11-t is imethyl-1-dodecene, the process can take from several hours up to 120 hours. Before moving to the next stage of the reaction, the remainder of the carbon monoxide was removed using vacuum cycles-nitrogen. Aldehyde mixture is not necessary to remove from the reactor to turn into alcohol in EXAMPLE IX, although the aldehyde can be purified, if desired, or when used in other reactions.

EXAMPLE of synthesis of X: the use of stage d PROCESS SCHEME II

Synthesis of 4,8,12-trimethyl-tridecan-1-ol and mixtures thereof,

Nickel on kieselguhr (20 grams of a 60 wt.% download) plus tetrahydrofuran (200 ml) was loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml with stirring. The reactor was purged of air using vacuum cycles-nitrogen, followed by loading with hydrogen to an initial pressure of approximately 600 pounds per square inch. The mixture was heated to approximately 150°C. with stirring at approximately 500 rpm Hydrogen was loaded to a final pressure of about 900 psig and maintained the pressure for 16 hours. The contents of the reactor were then cooled to room temperature and reduced pressure to approximately 50 psi.

Aldehyde mixture obtained in the SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE VI, then loaded into the reactor, eliminating the flow of air from the atmosphere with continuous stirring of the contents react the and. The catalyst hydroformylation may remain in the aldehyde mixture. If desired, the catalyst may be removed from the mixture before use. The mixture was then sealed with hydrogen at an initial pressure of about 600 psig, and heated to approximately 125°C. under stirring at approximately 500 rpm, the hydrogen Pressure was then raised to approximately 900 pounds per square inch, and this pressure was maintained by periodic sampling of the contents of the reactor for analysis by GC. The reaction course was monitored by means of GC, while not ceased to produce additional product. The reaction time will vary in accordance with the reaction conditions.

Purification of the crude alcohol mixture can be achieved using standard well-known procedures such as distillation or other purification methods known from the prior art.

Another implementation of the method in accordance with the real invention is illustrated using PROCESS SCHEME III:

Chart III

This implementation represents the method in accordance with the first implementation, in which, however, the stage of hydroformylation and recovery carried out simultaneously in a single stage. Accordingly, the method includes a stage on which:

A. ensure Ecevit polyazomethine polyolefins, this polyazomethine polyolefins must contain one non-branched terminal olefin and one or more additional branched olefins in the molecule; and

b. hydroformylation and restore the specified palliatively polyolefin using the catalyst, selected from the concrete modified with transition metals of group IX and the process conditions, comprising: a process temperature in the range from approximately 90°to approximately 200°C, the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from about 2 : 1 to about 5 to 1, the total pressure in the range from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig; and

C. remove the specified alcohol composition from the specified catalyst.

The sequences of the third implementation of the method described in the application above, the choice of initial substances and is the same as for other accomplishments. In the case of stage b of the reaction required a specialized catalyst hydroformylation and process conditions to achieve maximum education of alcohol without allocation of aldehyde. Additionally, the key result of this process is the simultaneous hydrogenation of unreacted olefins in polyazomethine polyolefin original substances. This is the most the e efficient way. However, it is complicated by the need to avoid formation of large quantities of paraffins. Catalysts of the type illustrated in U.S. patent No. 3420898 are acceptable catalysts for such third implementation. Process conditions for stage b requires a temperature in the range from about 50°to about 130°C., the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from about 2:1 to about 5:1 and the total pressure in the range from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig.

The catalysts preferred for the method based on cobalt and modified by triphenylphosphine. Add small amounts of Ph2PCH2CH2CH2CH2PPh2may contribute to this response.

Finally, the stage is performed to remove a branched alcohol composition from the catalyst by distillation or other methods that are traditionally used in this area. Paraffins are formed easier in this way and distillation is required as such for the purification of alcohol.

EXAMPLE XI SYNTHESIS: scheme of the PROCESS III:

Synthesis from farnesene polyazomethine alcohols and their mixtures

In the device for the operation of pressurized equipment at 1.17 mmol of octacarbonyl of dicobalt and 4.7 mmol akosile the Ana (mixture of isomers [13887-00-8] and [13886-99-2]) were combined in 48 ml of dried, degassed 2-propyl alcohol in the pressure vessel, stainless steel 300 ml, a glass-shirt and covered with PTFE magnetic stirrer. 47,7 mmol of TRANS-beta farnesene (previously dried over HA molecular sieves and filtered)was added to the feed tube attached to the reactor. Shirts reactor blew air through cycles of vacuum-nitrogen. The reactor of 300 ml was then purged with a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in a 1:1 ratio.

The reactor of 300 ml containing a mixture of octacarbonyl of dicobalt, ecosistema and 2-propyl alcohol, downloaded to the initial pressure of approximately 150 pounds per square inch with a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. The reactor was heated from approximately 60 to 65°C. under stirring at 150-200 rpm while maintaining a pressure of 150 to 200 pounds per square inch, using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. After 1-2 hours the reactor was cooled to below 40°C.

The reactor was purged and TRANS-beta-farnesene were loaded into the reactor. The feeding tube was separated from the reactor and the reactor was then loaded a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:2. The reactor of 300 ml was then heated from 160 to 165°C. while maintaining a pressure of from 500 to 700 pounds per square inch using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:2. The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using GC to monitor progress R the shares. When the sample GC analysis indicated the completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and a mixture of carbon monoxide: hydrogen averted through the ventilation system. The resulting crude product contained alcohol 1 and alcohol 2.

Polyazomethine acyclic aldehydes

Another implementation in accordance with the present invention is the formation of new acyclic aldehydes having 16 or 21 carbon atoms and containing at least three branching and three or less double bond carbon-carbon. These aldehydes can be used in perfumes and flavorings. Examples of such acyclic aldehydes include, but are not limited to the above, 3-ethyl-7,11-diethyldodecanamide; 2,3,7,11-tetramethyl-dodecanal; 7,11-dimethyl-3-vinyltoluene-6,10-dienal; 8,12-dimethylthieno-4,7,11-trienal. Other implementations are acyclic aldehydes containing one, two or three carbon-carbon double bond, where the branching represent methyl, ethyl or both of them. Another implementation is where the acyclic saturated aldehyde, and branching represent methyl, ethyl or both of them. Acyclic aldehydes can be mixed with other substances with obtaining useful compositions.

Non-limiting examples of structures novog polyazomethines polyolefin, containing aldehydes in accordance with the present invention is shown below:

Four of the aldehyde shown below (A1-A4)are structures formed by the reaction of beta-farnesene in accordance with process one.

Below are possible polyazomethine polyalkene patterns that can be derived from the beta-farnesene by controlling the reaction conditions to maximize their receipt.

Polyallelic turn in the polyalcohol and then polyfunctionality surfactants. Believe that polyazomethine polyamidine (for example, danioninae) surfactants have good suspendresume contamination possibilities no tendency to crystallization and have poor solubility, tendency to demonstrations which have a linear gianinni surfactants.

4,8,12-trimethyldodecane (A9) is possible aldehyde of the process SCHEME II through a second implementation of the method. (a10) is also another resulting aldehyde in accordance with the crust is Asim invention, as well as mixtures of both of them.

Below (b1-b2) shown palliatively polyolefin containing aldehyde, which can be obtained from the alpha-farnesene. (b3) is a dialdehyde, which can be formed under certain conditions of the process, if desired is to obtain the dialdehyde.

The following (C11aldehydes 1-4) are also examples of aldehydes in accordance with the method of the invention in accordance with the SCHEME of PROCESS I and detailed process elements in lengths of chain With11and C21. They can be formed by the reaction in accordance with process, where the use of aciman (1-2), Miran (3-4) with (aldehyde 5), obtained from (Z)-3-ethyl-7-metalarte-1,3,6-triens (C11palliatively polyolefin).

Below is an example of C21polyazomethines polyolefin aldehyde, which can be obtained from C20terpenes, such as olefin (i).

Polyazomethine detergent alcohols

Another implementation in accordance with the present invention are polyradiculoneuritis alcohols, educated using this method, containing 11, 16 or 21 carbon atoms.

Specific implementation polyazomethine detergent alcohols in accordance with the present invention include11and C21detergent alcohols containing two, three, four or five methyl or ethyl branches or mixtures thereof. You can get them through structures disophenol and tetraazapyrene or other polyazomethine polyolefin of the original substances. They can be used in shampoos, means for washing and/or cleaners for hard surfaces after transformation into the corresponding composition of surface-active substances. Examples of such alcohols are shown below. A useful exercise would be to have high levels of methyl branching and will contain more than 70% of two, three or four methyl groups, or mixtures thereof.

Other useful implementation include compositions polyazomethine detergent alcohols, which are acyclic and have a carbon chain length, part 16 atoms. The implementation can be more than 10% trimethylene branches, or more than 30% trimethylene branches or even 70% or more trimethylene branches.

It was found that the implementation of poleras evlendi detergent alcohols, from farnesene natural origin, extracted from existing plants and organisms, farnesene obtained by genetically modified organisms, synthetically obtained trimers of isoprene, mixtures thereof, is useful in cleaning compositions. Polyazomethine detergent alcohols and their mixtures can be obtained from mixtures of isomers of farnesene.

Although it should be clear that any olefin-based isoprene any chain length can be applied to obtain a mixture of detergent alcohols using the method in accordance with the present invention while derivatives produced from oligomers, which are derived from compounds such acyclic isoprene, any of the methods described in this application above. Examples of C16polyazomethine detergent alcohols proillyustrirovany below.

Polyazomethine detergent alcohols in accordance with the present invention include alcohols containing one or more alcohol groups. Methods in accordance with the present invention can be optimized to control minimized or maximized education polysperma (di -, three -, Tetra-alcohols) unlike monosperma.

EXAMPLE XII SYNTHESIS: using PROCESS SCHEME I:

Synthesis from farnesene airswimming polyalcohol

1,17 mmol of octacarbonyl of dicobalt and 4.7 mmol of ensifolia (mixture of isomers [13887-00-8] and [13886-99-2]) were combined in 48 ml of dried, degassed 2-propyl alcohol in a high-pressure vessel made of stainless steel of 300 ml, a glass-shirt and covered with PTFE magnetic stirrer. 47,7 mmol of TRANS-beta-farnesene (previously dried over molecular sieves and filtered) was added to the feed tube attached to the reactor. Shirts reactor blew air through cycles of vacuum-nitrogen. The reactor was then purged with a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. The reactor containing a mixture of octacarbonyl of dicobalt, ecosistema and 2-propyl alcohol, downloaded to the initial pressure of approximately 150 pounds per square inch, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. The reactor was heated to a temperature of from 60 to 65°C. under stirring at 150-200 rpm while maintaining a pressure of 150 to 200 pounds per square inch, using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:1. After 1-2 hours the reactor was cooled below 40°C.

The reactor was purged and the content of the feed tube (TRANS-beta-farnesene) were loaded into the reactor by opening valve separating the two containers. The reactor was then loaded with a new mixture of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, consisting of a mixture of co ug is erode and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:2. The reactor was then heated from 160 to 165°C. while maintaining a pressure of from 500 to 700 pounds per square inch using a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the ratio of 1:2.

The contents of the reactor were collected over time and analyzed using GC to monitor the progress of the reaction. When the sample GC analysis indicated the completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and a mixture of carbon monoxide: hydrogen averted. The catalyst was removed and the resulting mixture contained more than 30% of diols and higher polyols. Diols and higher polyols separated from paraffins and monospitovo using standard procedures distillation.

Polyazomethine surfactants

Other implementation in accordance with the present invention include compositions of surface-active substances derived from polyazomethine detergent alcohols. They may have a chain length, components11C16or C21and to be polyradiculopathy, where branching represent methyl, ethyl or mixtures thereof. Surfactants can be formed by derivatization process any alcohol surfactant known in this field. They can include alcohol ethoxylates, alcohol sulfates, or ethoxylated alcohol sulfates or mixtures thereof.

Examples11and C21/sub> polyazomethine surfactants are:

Other compositions of surface-active substances can be obtained from acyclic C16polyazomethine detergent alcohols, and may include acyclic C16detergent alcohol ethoxylates, sulfates or ethoxylated sulfates. Neorganicheskie examples of preferred structures C16polyazomethine alcohol surfactants are illustrated below:

Mixtures of surfactants may also be desired.

Alcohols in accordance with the present invention can be alkoxysilane using standard commercial and laboratory methods and/or sulfonated using any suitable agent, such as chlorosulfonic acid, SO3/air or oleum, to obtain the target obtained from alcohol compositions of surface-active substances.

The following examples detail the synthesis polyazomethine compositions of surface-active substances, the sixth implementation in accordance with the present invention:

EXAMPLE XIII SYNTHESIS

Synthesis from farnesene of poliisit the military alcohol sulfate and mixtures thereof,

The reaction vessel, with stirring and blowing nitrogen to exclude air, used for the connection 96 grams polyazomethines alcoholic substances obtained in any of EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS of II, V or X, and 149 grams of diethyl ether. The mixture was cooled to -5°C, then 50 grams of chlorosulfonic acid [7790-94-5] was added dropwise while maintaining the temperature of the mixture below 10°C. was Applied vacuum to remove dissolved gas model HC1, allowing the mixture to warm to ~30°C. Diethyl ether was replaced twice because it evaporates under continuous stirring for two hours. Then a simple ether was removed using a vacuum to the next stage.

The resulting mixture was slowly added, under stirring in a beaker of stainless steel, containing 287 grams of 9% sodium methoxide in methanol, which was cooled in an ice bath. The mixture was stirred for one hour and then immersed in a stainless steel container. The solvents were then evaporated and the sample was further dried in the vacuum oven.

EXAMPLE XIV SYNTHESIS

Synthesis from farnesene 7-mol ethoxylate polyazomethines alcohol (AA) and mixtures thereof,

200 grams obtained from farnesene alcohols and other alcohols derived from them by any means or in SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE II) plus a sufficient amount of catalyst in order in order to facilitate the reaction of the alcohol with ethylenoxide within a reasonable period of time and when the control was loaded into the pressure vessel stainless steel 600 ml under stirring with cooling coil.

Acceptable catalyst represented 1.1 grams of a solution consisting of 50% potassium hydroxide in water. Other types and amounts of catalyst can be applied depending on the process requirements.

The reactor was heated while applying a vacuum to remove substances that may lead to the formation of byproducts, such as water, which can be introduced with the catalyst, at a temperature that will not allow the loss parezanovic alcohols, in General, from 40°C to 90°C, but preferably from about 60°to about 80°C. using a water aspirator as the vacuum source. Removing water produced using low shear mixing, in General, at approximately 50 rpm, barbotine a mixture of low-intensity (stream) stream of inert gas through the bottom drain valve, or through dispersion Frit stainless steel, or any inert immersion tube, or ratowanie substance from sintered metal, or by expanding the area above mixture with an inert gas. Samples can be pulled out from the reactor and analyzed for water content corresponding analytic method, for example by the method of Karl Fischer.

After the stage of removal of water ethylene oxide was added to the reactor. The ethylene oxide may be added all at once, if the system of the reactor proper is way designed to prevent uncontrolled reaction rate. However, better control of the reaction was achieved by initially heating the reactor in a static vacuum (or optionally at a pressure of inert gas, such as nitrogen) to a temperature acceptable to the reaction mixture, the alcohol-catalyst with ethylene oxide to obtain the minimum amount of by-products and color formation, generally from 85° to 150°C., but preferably from about 110°C to 130°C.

After reaching the desired reactor temperature was added 254 grams of ethylene oxide at a speed that can be monitored by means of a cooling system, in General during the period from 30 to 60 minutes. After completion of addition of ethylene oxide stirring and heating was continued until the consumption of ethylene oxide reaction.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS XV

Synthesis from farnesene 10-mol ethoxylate polyazomethines alcohol (AA) and mixtures thereof,

Used equipment and procedure of EXAMPLE XIII, but the number of used ethylenoxide was 363 grams to obtain from farnesene 10-mol ethoxylate polyazomethines alcohol.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS XVI

Synthesis from farnesene 3-mole ethoxylate polyazomethines alcohol (AA) and mixtures thereof,

Used equipment and procedure of EXAMPLE XIII, but the number of used ethylenoxide SOS is aflalo 109 grams to obtain from farnesene 3-mole ethoxylate polyazomethines alcohol.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS XVII

Synthesis from farnesene of ethoxylate polyazomethines alcohol sulfate (AE3S) and mixtures thereof,

The reaction vessel while stirring and blowing nitrogen to exclude air used to merge 62 g of the substance obtained in EXAMPLE XV, and 149 grams of diethyl ether. The mixture was cooled to -5°C, then 50 grams of chlorosulfonic acid [7790-94-5] was added dropwise while maintaining the temperature of the mixture below 10°C. was Applied vacuum to remove dissolved gas Hcl, giving a mixture heated to ~30°C. Diethyl ether was replaced twice because it evaporates under continuous stirring for two hours. Then a simple ether was removed with vacuum before conducting the next stage.

The above mixture was slowly added under stirring in a beaker of stainless steel, containing 287 grams of 9% sodium methoxide in methanol, which was cooled in an ice bath. The mixture was stirred for one hour and then immersed in a stainless steel container. The solvents were then evaporated and the sample was further dried in the vacuum oven.

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS XVIII

Synthesis of 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyl-dodecanol and mixtures thereof,

Used equipment and procedure of EXAMPLE I, but the original Farnese used, consisted of 336 grams of TRANS-beta-farnesene [18794-4-8]. The product can be used directly in EXAMPLE XIX.

EXAMPLE XIX

Synthesis of 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyl-dodecan-1-ol and mixtures thereof,

Used equipment and procedure of EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS II. However, the original substances for the reaction was obtained in the process shown in EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS XVIII above, which used a TRANS-beta-farnesene. The final reaction mixture was filtered through a filter of 0.5 μm to remove the catalyst. The resulting mixture evaporated from all non-volatile contaminants, including remnants of the catalyst, using columns for molecular distillation at temperatures up to 250°C and a source of vacuum of 1 Torr. The crude distillate is then fractional distilled at Oldershaw column (WILMAD-LABGLASS item no.: G-2008-015J)collecting a small volume of distilled fractions from 30 to 45 grams each at temperatures up to 350°C and using a source of vacuum of 5 Torr. These fractions were analyzed using GC using capillary GC columns Restek RTX-5 (Cat. No.:10244).

EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS XX

Synthesis of 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyl-dodecan-1-olowahu alcohol sulfate and mixtures thereof,

Used equipment and procedure of EXAMPLE of SYNTHESIS III. However, the alcohol used was a 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyl-dodecan-1-ol, which was obtained in EXAMPLE XDC above. The product was analyzed by NMR and mass spectrometry and received is the result of the analysis is consistent with expected product 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyl-up decane-1-alowyn alcohol sulfate.

COMPOSITION OF SURFACE-ACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND PRODUCTS. USING DERIVATIVES POLYAZOMETHINE DETERGENT ALCOHOLS AND COMPOSITION of SURFACE-ACTIVE SUBSTANCES

Composition polyazomethines surfactants containing one or more derivatives of the cleansing alcohol selected from sulfate, alkoxysilanes or alkoxysilane sulfate or mixtures thereof in accordance with the present invention, is extremely acceptable as additives promoting separation of contaminants for detergents for washing and cleaning compositions. They exhibit high solvent capacity, especially in the case of oily dirt. A particular advantage is that they show the ability to separate impurities even at low washing temperatures.

The composition of a surfactant containing one or more derivatives of the new polyazomethine detergent alcohols selected from sulfate, alkoxysilanes or alkoxysilane sulfate or mixtures thereof in accordance with the present invention, is extremely acceptable as additives promoting separation of contaminants for detergents for washing and cleaning compositions. They exhibit high solvent capacity, especially in the case of oily dirt. A particular advantage consists in t is m, they demonstrate ability to separate impurities even at low washing temperatures.

Composition polyazomethine surfactants in accordance with the present invention can be added to detergents for washing and cleaning compositions in amounts of components in General from 0.05 to 70% by weight, preferably from 0.1 to 40% by weight and more preferably from 0.25 to 10% by weight, based on all the specific composition.

Additionally, detergents for washing and cleaning compositions generally contain surfactants and, if appropriate, other polymers such as washing substances, modifying components and additional standard ingredients, such as somodevilla components, complexing agents, brighteners, standardizers, inhibitors of acquisition grey hue, transfer inhibitors, dye, enzymes and perfumes.

New compositions of surface-active substances in accordance with the present invention can be applied in detergents for washing or cleaning compositions containing the system of surface-active substances containing C10-C15alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS) and one or more co-surfactants selected from nonionic, cationic, anionic substances or their mixtures. With a choice-surface the active substances may depend on the desired beneficial effect. In one implementation, the co-surfactant selected as non-ionic surfactants, preferably C12-C18alkylethoxylates. In another implementation, a co-surfactant selected as anionic surfactants, preferably10-C18alkylalkoxy sulfate (AExS) where x has a value of 1-30. In another implementation of the co-surfactant selected as cationic surfactants, preferably the dimethyl hydroxyethylcellulose chloride. If the system surface-active substances it contains C10-C15alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS), LAS are used at levels in the range of from about 9% to about 25%, or from about 13% to about 25%, or from about 15% to about 23% by weight of the composition.

The system of surface-active substances may contain from 0% to about 7%, or from about 0.1% to about 5%, or from about 1% to about 4% by weight of the composition co-surfactants selected from nonionic co-surfactants, cationic co-surfactants, anionic co-surfactants and any mixture.

Non-limiting examples of neini the co-surfactants include: C 12-C18alkylalkoxysilane, such as, NEODOL® nonionic surfactants from Shell; C6-C12alkylphenolethoxylate where alkoxylate links are a mixture of ethyleneoxy, propionoxy links; C12-C18alcohol and C6-C12alkylphenol condensates with ethylenoxide/propyleneoxide block alkylphenolethoxylate, for example, PLURONIC® from BASF; C14-C22extensive medium-chain alcohols, BA, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6150322; C14-C22extensive alkylalkoxysilane medium-chain, BAExwhere x has a value of 1-30, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6153577, U.S. patent No. 6020303 and U.S. patent No. 6093856; alkylpolyglucoside, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 4565647 Llenado, issued January 26, 1986; in particular, alkylpolyglycoside, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 4483780 and U.S. patent No. 4483779; detergents amides of polyhydroxylated, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 5332528; and having end ethers, poly(oxyalkylated) alcohol surfactants as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6482994 and WO 01/42408.

Non-limiting examples polupryamykh nonionic co-surfactants include water-soluble aminoxide containing one alkyl fragment consisting of from about 10 to about 18 carbon atoms, and 2 fragment selected from the group, ostoja of alkyl fragments and hydroxyalkyl fragments, containing from about 1 to about 3 carbon atoms; water-soluble phosphine oxides containing one alkyl fragment consisting of from about 10 to about 18 carbon atoms, and 2 fragment selected from the group consisting of alkyl fragments and hydroxyalkyl fragments containing from about 1 to about 3 carbon atoms; and water-soluble sulfoxidov containing one alkyl fragment consisting of from about 10 to about 18 carbon atoms, and a fragment selected from the group consisting of alkyl fragments and hydroxyalkyl fragments containing from about 1 to about 3 carbon atoms. Cm. WO 01/32816, U.S. patent No. 4,681,704 and U.S. patent No. 4,133,779.

Non-limiting examples of cationic co-surfactants include Quaternary ammonium surfactants, which can contain up to 26 carbon atoms, including: alkoxylate Quaternary ammonium (AQA) surfactants as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6136769; dimethyl hydroxyethyl Quaternary ammonium as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6004922; the dimethyl hydroxyethylene ammonium chloride; polyamine cationic surfactants as discussed in WO 98/35002, WO 98/35003, WO 98/35004, WO 98/35005 and WO 98/35006; cationic ester surface active substances, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 4228042, 4239660 4260529 and U.S. patent No. 6022844; and amine surfactants as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6221825 and WO 00/47708, especially aminopropyldimethylamine (ARA).

Non-limiting examples of anionic co-surfactants useful in this application include10-C20primary, branched-chain and random alkyl sulfates (AS); C10-C18secondary (2,3) alkyl sulfates; C10-C18alkylalkoxysilane (AExS), where x has a value of 1-30; C10-C18alkylalkoxysilane containing 1-5 etoxazole; branched alkyl sulfates medium-chain, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6020303 and U.S. patent No. 6060443; extensive alkylalkoxysilane medium-chain, as discussed in U.S. patent No. 6008181 and U.S. patent No. 6020303; modified Las (MLAS)as discussed in WO 99/05243, WO 99/05242 and WO 99/05244; metilpirrolidona (MES); and alpha-reincorporate (AOS).

The present invention can also apply to compositions containing the composition of the surfactant in accordance with the present invention, with its sixth implementation and the seventh implementation, composition, surface-active substances containing C8-C18linear alkylsulfonate surfactant and co-surfactant prophetic the STV. The composition can be in any form, namely, in the form of liquids, solids such as powder, pellets, agglomerate, paste, tablet, packages, bar, gel, emulsion; forms that bring in two containers; spray or foam detergent; pre-moistened wipes (i.e., cleaning composition in combination with a nonwoven material such as, for example, described in U.S. patent No. 6121165, Mackey, et al.); dry wipes (i.e., cleaning composition in combination with non-woven materials, such as, for example described in U.S. patent No. 5980931, Fowler, and others) such that the user activates by water; and other homogeneous or multiphase forms of consumer products.

In the seventh implementation, the cleaning composition in accordance with the present invention is a liquid or solid detergent composition for washing. In another seventh implementation, the cleaning composition in accordance with the present invention is a cleaning composition for hard surfaces, where preferably a cleaning composition for hard surfaces impregnate the nonwoven substrate. As used in this application, "impregnates" means that the cleaning composition for hard surfaces is brought into contact with the nonwoven substrate in such a way that, at least in part the non-woven subst the ATA gets a cleaning composition for hard surfaces preferably the cleaning composition for hard surfaces saturates non-woven substrate. The cleaning composition can also be applied in the compositions according to the car care, for cleaning various surfaces, such as hardwood, tile, ceramic, plastic, leather, metal, glass etc. This cleaning composition can also be developed for use in compositions for personal care and pet care, such as the composition of the shampoo composition for body wash, liquid or solid soap and other cleaning compositions, in which the surfactant is in contact with the free solid and all the songs that require a solid acceptable system of surface-active substances, for example of the composition of the mud.

In another seventh implementation of the cleaning composition is a detergent composition for washing, for example, liquid compositions for hand washing, solid compositions for machine dishwashing, liquid compositions for machine dishwashing and forms tablets/standard dose of the composition for machine dishwashing.

Quite typically, the cleaning compositions in this application, such as detergents for washing, additives to washing detergent, cleaning hard surfaces, synthetic stones and sticks on the Snov, soap for washing, softeners tissues and fluids to care for fabrics, solid composition and treatment of all types, requiring multiple auxiliary substances, through certain just leave products such as bleaching additives, may only require, for example, oxygen bleach and surfactants, as described in this application. A complete list of acceptable substances for Laundry or cleaning auxiliary substances can be found in WO 99/05242.

Traditional cleaning AIDS include modifying components, enzymes, polymers, which were not discussed in the application above, bleaches, bleach activators, catalysts and the like, with the exception of any substances that are already defined in the application above. Other cleaning AIDS in this application may include amplifiers foaming, foam suppressors (antifoams) and the like, other active ingredients or specialized substances, such as dispersant polymers (e.g., from BASF Corp. or Rohm & Haas, other than those described in the application above, the funds against the appearance of spots of paint care products silver products, anti-tarnish and/or corrosion, colorants, fillers, bactericides, sources of alkalinity, HYDR the genotype of the substance, antioxidants, means stabilizing enzymes, prouduce, odorants, soljubilizatory, carriers, processing AIDS, pigments and liquid compositions, solvents, chelators, inhibitors of migration of the dye, dispersing funds, brighteners, foam suppressors, dyes, agents imparting elasticity structures, softeners for fabrics, protivoavarijnye agents, girotropnye substances, processing AIDS, and other means to care for fabrics, means on care of surfaces and skin. Acceptable examples of such other cleaning AIDS and levels of application is shown in U.S. patent No. 5576282, 6306812 B1 and 6326348 B1.

Method of use

The present invention includes a method of cleaning a target surface. As used in this application, the "target surface" may include surfaces such as fabric, dishes, glass and other cooking surfaces, hard surfaces, hair or skin. As used in this application, "solid surface" includes a solid surface, which are present in a typical home, such as hardwood, tile, ceramics, plastic, leather, metal, glass. This method includes the stage of contacting the composition containing the modified polyol as one connection, undiluted or diluted proryvnym solution is m, at least part of the target surface with subsequent optional washing of the target surface. Preferably, the target surface is subjected to a stage of washing before carrying out the above optional stage washing. For the purposes of the present invention, wash includes, but is not limited to the above, cleaning scraper, cleaning and mechanical movement.

As will be appreciated by a person skilled in the art cleaning compositions in accordance with the present invention is ideally suited for use in the home (cleaning compositions for solid surfaces) and/or applications for washing.

The pH value of the solution composition is chosen so that it corresponded to the target surface to be cleaned, a wide range of pH is from about 5 to about 11. For personal hygiene, such as skin care and hair washing, the pH of such compositions is preferably from about 5 to about 8, for cleaning compositions for washing the pH value is from about 8 to about 10. The composition preferably used in concentrations of from about 200 ppm to about 10000 ppm in solution. Water temperatures are preferably in the range from approximately 5°to approximately 100°C

For use in detergent compositions for washing, the composition preferably used in concentrations of from about 200 ppm to about 10000 ppm in solution or washing solution). Water temperatures are preferably in the range from approximately 5°to approximately 60°C. the Ratio of water and fabric is preferably from about 1:1 to about 20:1.

The method may include the stage of contacting a nonwoven substrate impregnated with a composition in accordance with the present invention. As used in this application, "non-woven substrate" may include any traditionally designed non-woven fabric or a fabric having a acceptable bulk of the thickness (density), absorption capacity and strength characteristics. Examples of acceptable commercially available nonwoven substrates include substrates that are sold under the trade name SONTARA® from DuPont and POLYWEB® from James River Corp.

As will be appreciated by a person skilled in the art cleaning compositions in accordance with the present invention is ideally suited for use in liquid compositions for dishwashing. The method of applying a liquid composition for washing dishes in accordance with the present invention includes a stage of contacting soiled dishes with an effective amount, type is a rule from about 0.5 ml to about 20 ml (25 machined plates) liquid compositions for dishwashing in accordance with the present invention, diluted with water.

Formulations of the compositions of Example XXI - Granular detergents for washing

AndInDE
FormulaWt.%Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%
Polyazomethine surfactant in accordance with EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS XIII-XX13-2513-2513-2513-259-25
With12-18ethoxylated sulfate--0-3-0-1
C14-15the alkyl ethoxylate (EO=7)0-30-3-0-50-3
Dimethylhydroxylamine chloride- -0-20-20-2

Sodium tripolyphosphate K1
20-40-18-3312-220-15
Zeolite0-1020-400-3--
Silicate modifying additive0-100-100-100-100-10
Carbonate0-300-300-305-250-20
Diethylenetriaminepentaacetate0-10-10-10-10-1
Polyacrylate0-30-30-30-3 0-3
Carboxymethylcellulose0,2-0,80,2-0,80,2-0,80,2-0,80,2-0,8
Percarbonate0-100-100-100-100-10
Nonanoyloxybenzenesulfonate--0-20-20-2
Tetraacetylethylenediamine--0-0,60-0,60-0,6
Zinc phthalocyaninatoaluminum--0-0,0050-0,0050-0,005
Brightening substanceof 0.05-0.2of 0.05-0.2of 0.05-0.2of 0.05-0.2of 0.05-0.2
MgSO4 -0-0,50-0,50-0,5
Enzymes0-0,50-0,50-0,50-0,50-0,5
Non-core components (perfume, dyes,foam stabilizers)BalanceBalanceBalanceBalanceBalance

Example XXII - Granular detergents for washing

The water composition of the suspension.

ComponentWt./wt.% water suspension
The compound having the following General structure: Bis((C2H5O)(C2H4O)n)(CH3)-N+-CxH2x-N+-(CH3)-bis((C2H5O)(C2H4O)n), where n = from 20 to 30, and x = from 3 to 8, or sulfated or from sulphonated variants1,23
Ethylenediaminetetra acid0,35
Brightening substance 0,12
Magnesium sulfate0,72
Acrylate/malaty copolymer6,45
Line Las11,92
Hydroxyethane(methylenephosphonate chilota)0,32
Sodium carbonate4,32
The sodium sulfate47,49
Soap0,78
Water24,29
Various0,42
Only parts100,00

Getting a spray dried powder.

Aqueous suspension having the composition described above were obtained when the moisture content 25,89%. The aqueous suspension is heated to 72°C. and pumped at high pressure (5.5×106Nm-2to 6.0×106Nm-2in countercurrent column of spray drying at a temperature of incoming air from 270°C to 300°C. the Aqueous suspension is sprayed and sprayed slurry is dried to obtain a solid mixture, which is then cooled and sieved to remove h is esterno larger substances (> 1.8 mm) with the formation of the spray dried powder, which is loose. Finely ground substance (<0.15 mm) decanted with the release of the outgoing air in a column of spray drying and collected in a retention system after the column. Dried spray powder has a moisture content of 1.0 wt.%, bulk density 427 g/l and the distribution of particle sizes such that for 95.2 wt.% dried spray powder has a particle size of from 150 to 710 micrometers. The composition is spray dried powder below.

The composition is spray dried powder.

/tr>
ComponentWt./wt.% dried spray powder
The compound having the following General structure: Bis((C2H5O)(C2H4O)n)(CH3)-N+-CxH2x-N+-(CH3)-bis((C2H5O)(C2H4O)n), where n = from 20 to 30, and x = from 3 to 8, or sulfated or from sulphonated variants1,62
Ethylenediaminetetra acid0,46
Brightening substance0,16
Magnesium sulfate0,95
Acrylate/malaty copolymer8,45
Line Las mixed with polyazomethines surface-active substance in accordance with EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS XIII-XX12,65
Hydroxyethane(methylenephosphonate chilota)0,42
Sodium carbonatethe 5.65
The sodium sulfate61,98
Soap1,02
Water1,00
Various0,55
Only parts100,00

Obtaining particles of anionic surfactants 1

Particle anionic detergent surfactant 1 is obtained from the load 520 g using a mixer Tilt-A-Pin, and then Tilt-A-Plow (both produced Processall). 108 g of sodium sulfate is added to the mixer's Tilt-A-Pin with 244 g of sodium carbonate. 168 grams of 70% active paste With25E3S (sodium alexisoliviat based on C12/15alcohol and ethylene oxide) is added to the mixer's Tilt-A-Pin. Then the components are mixed p and 1200 rpm for 10 seconds. The resulting powder is then transferred into the mixer's Tilt-A-Plow and mixed at 200 rpm for 2 minutes with the formation of particles. The particles are then dried in the fluidized bed dryer at a speed of 2500 l/min, at 120°C until reaching an equilibrium relative humidity of particles less than 15%. The dried particles are then sieved and leave the faction from 1180 μm to 250 μm. The composition of the particles of anionic detergent surfactant 1 is the following:

25,0% wt./wt. With25E3S sodium ethoxysulfuron

18,0% wt./wt. sodium sulfate

57,0% wt./wt. sodium carbonate

Obtaining particles of cationic detergent surfactants 1

A particle of a cationic surfactant 1 is obtained from the load of 14.6 kg in Morton mixer FM 50 Loedige. 4.5 kg micronesians sodium sulfate and 4.5 kg micronesians sodium carbonate mixed in the mixer Morton FM-50 Loedige. 4.6 kg of a 40% aqueous solution of the active mono-C12-14alkylphenolethoxylates Quaternary ammonium chloride (cationic surfactant) is added to the mixer Morton FM-50 Loedige when operating the main drive and the chopper. After approximately two minutes of mixing in a mixer add 1.0 kg of a mixture of ionized sodium sulfate and ionized sodium carbonate in a mass ratio of the attachment 1:1. The resulting agglomerate is collected and dried using a dryer fluidized bed at a flow of air to 2500 l/min, at 100-140°C for 30 minutes. The resulting powder is sieved and the fraction of 1400 μm are collected as part of cationic surfactants 1. The composition of the particles of the cationic surfactant 1 is the following:

15% wt./wt. mono-C12-14alkylphenolethoxylates Quaternary ammonium chloride

40,76% wt./wt. sodium carbonate

40,76% wt./wt. sodium sulfate

3,48% wt./wt. moisture and chemicals

Obtaining a granular detergent composition for washing

10,84 kg of spray dried powder obtained in example 6, 4,76 kg of particles of anionic detergent surfactants 1, 1.57 kg of particles of cationic detergent surfactants 1 and 7,83 kg (total number) of other individually dosed added to the dry substance is dosed into the mixer for mixing concrete with a diameter of 1 m at 24 Rev/min After dosing all substances in the mixer the mixture is stirred for 5 minutes with the formation of a granular detergent composition for washing. The composition of the granular detergent composition for washing described below:

Granulated washing composition for washing.

ComponentWt./wt.% granular detergent compositions for washing
Dried by spraying powder of the above in this application the table in Example 643,34
Cereals containing of 91.6 wt.% active linear alkylbenzenesulfonate supplied by Stepan under the trade name Nacconol 90G®0,22
Citric acid5,00
Percarbonate sodium (containing from 12% to 15% of the active AvOx)14,70
Particles fotoatelier0,01
Lipase (11,00 mg active substance/kg)0,70
Amylase (21,55 mg active substance/kg)0,33
Protease (56,00 mg active substance/kg)0,43
Tetraacetylethylenediamine agglomerate (92 wt.% active substances)4,35
The agglomerate of foam suppressors (11.5 wt.% active substances)0,87
Particle acrylate/malatova copolymer (95,7 wt.% active substances)0,29
Green/blue carbonate speckle0,50
Particle anionic detergent surfactants 119,04
Particle cationic detergent surfactants 16,27
The sodium sulfate3,32
Particle solid perfumes0,63
Only parts100,00

Example XXII - Liquid detergents for washing

td align="center"> 0,1%
IngredientAndInDE
Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%
Sodium alkyl ether sulfate14,4%9,2% 5,4%
Polyazomethine surfactant in accordance with EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS XIII-XX4,4%12,2%5,7%1,3%
Alkalitolerant2,2%8,8%8,1%3,4%
Aminexil0,7%1,5%
Citric acid2,0%3,4%1,9%1,0%1,6%
Washing acid3,0%8,3%16,0%
Protease1,0%0,7%1,0%2,5%
Amylase 0,2%0,2%0,3%
Lipase0,2%
Borax1,5%2,4%2,9%
Formate, calcium and sodium0,2%
Formic acid1,1%
Polyacrylate sodium0,2%
A copolymer of sodium polyacrylate0,6%
DTPA10,9%
DTPMP20,3%
EDTA30,1%
Fluorescent whitening agent0,15%0,2%0,12%0,120,2%
Ethanol2,5%1,4%1,5%
Propandiol6,6%4,9%4,0%15,7%
Sorbitol4,0%
Ethanolamine 1,5%0,8%0,1%11,0%
Sodium hydroxide3,0%4,9%1,9%1,0%
Sodium coolcullen2,0%
Silicone foam suppressor0,01%
Perfume0,3%0,7%0,3%0,4%0,6%
Masking agent40,30%0,20%0,50%
WaterBalanceBalanceBalanceBalance Balance
100,0%100,0%100,0%100,0%100,0%
1diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, sodium salt
2diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, sodium salt
3ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, sodium salt
4Acusol OP 301

IngredientFGHIJTo
The Mac.%The Mac.%The Mac.%The Mac.%The Mac.%The Mac.%
Alkylbenzenesulfonate acid774,51,21,512,5
Sodium C12-14 alkylators 3 sulfate2,32,3 4,54,5718
Palliatively alcoholic ethoxylates in accordance with EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS XIII-XX552,52,64,54
C12 alkyldimethylammonium-2----
C12-14 alkylhydroxylamines chloride0,5
C12-18 washing acid2,6342,62,811
Citric acid2,621,522,53,5
Proteiny enzyme0,50,50,60,30,52
Amylase enzyme0,10,10,15-0,050,5
Mannnny enzyme0,05-0,05--0,1
Diethylenetriaminepenta(metainfo poniewa) acid0,20,30,2
Hydroxyethane diphosphonate acid0,451,5
FWA0,10,10,1-- 0,2
Solvents (1,2 propandiol, ethanol), stabilizers341,51,524,3
The amendment-derived hydrogenated castor oil0,40,30,30,10,3
Boric acid1,5221,51,50,5
Formate Na---1--
Reversible inhibitor of proteases3--0,002---
Perfume0,50,7 0,50,50,81,5
Buffers (sodium hydroxide, monoethanolamine)To a pH of 8.2
Water and minor additives (anti-foam, aesthetic, ...)100

IngredientLMNOPQ
Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%Wt.%
Alkylbenzenesulfonate acid5,52,72,212,25,25,2
Palliatively alcoholic ethoxylates in accordance with EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS XIII-XX16,520 9,57,71,81,8
Sodium C12-14 alkylsulfate8,96,52,9-
C12-14 alkyl 7-ethoxylate0,150,15
C14-15 alkyl 8-ethoxylate3,53,5
C12-15 alkyl 9-ethoxylate1,70,80,318,1--
C12-18 washing acid2,22,0-1,32,62,6
3,5the 3.82,22,42,52,5
Proteiny enzyme1,71,40,4-0,50,5
Amylase enzyme0,40,3--0,10,1
Mannnny enzyme0,040,04
PEG-PVA polymer2-----0,3
The ethoxylated hexamethylenediaminetetra Quat. 0,7
Diethylenetriaminepenta(metilen Estonia) acid0,20,2
The amendment - derived hydrogenated castor oil0,30,20,20,20,350,35
Polyacrylate---0,1--
Polyacrylate copolymer2---0,5--
Sodium carbonate---0,3 --
Sodium silicate------
Borax3321,3--
Boric acid1,5221,51,51,5
Perfume0,50,50,50,80,50,5
Buffers (sodium hydroxide, monoethanolamine)3,33,3
Water, dyes and variousThe mod is to
1PEG-PVA graft copolymer is a polyvinyl acetate grafted polietilenoksidnoy copolymer containing polietilenoksidnoy frame and multiple polyvinyl acetate side chains. Molecular weight polietilenoksidnoy frame is about 6000 and the mass ratio of polyethylene oxide and polyvinyl acetate is from about 40 to 60 and no more than 1 place of vaccinating 50 ethyleneoxide units.
2Alco 725 (styrene/acrylate)

Example XXIII - Liquid detergent for manual washing of dishes

1,0
TrackAndIn
C12-13Natural AE0.6S270240
With10-14branched in the middle of the chain aminexil-6,0
Palliatively alcoholic ethoxylates in accordance with EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS XIII - XX2,05,0
C12-14linear aminexil6,0-
SAFOL®23 aminexil1,0
With11E9non-ionic12,02,0
Ethanol4,54,5
Matriculation1,61,6
Polypropylenglycol 20000,80,8
NaCl0,80,8
1,3 YOU diamine20,50,5
Polymer, reinforcing pricing30,20,2
WaterBalanceBalance
1Nonionic can be any11alkylalkoxysilane surfactant containing 9 taksigrup.
21,3,BAC represents 1,3 bis(methylamine)-cyclohexane.
3(N,N-dimethylamino)atheletically a homopolymer

Example 11 - Detergent for machine washing

5
AndInDE
Polymer dispersant20,55655
Carbonate35404035-4035-40
Sodium tripolyphosphate06100-100-10
Silicate solids66666
The bleaching agent and the bleaching activators44444
Polymer1of 0.05-1012,510
Enzymes0,3-0,60,3-0,60,3-0,60,3-0,60,3-0,6
Districtrandomized0002-200
Palliatively alcoholic ethoxylates in accordance with EXAMPLES of the SYNTHESIS XIII-XX0,8-50,8-50,8-50,8-50,8-5
Water, sulfate, fragrance, dyes, and other excipientsThe remainder to 100%The remainder to 100%The remainder to 100%The remainder to 100%The remainder to 100%
1Amphiphilic alkoxycarbonyl polyallylamine polymer or any mixture of polymers according to any of Examples 1, 2, 3, or 4.
2For example, ACUSOL® 445N, available from Rohm & Haas or ALCOSPERSE® from Alco.

METHODS of ANALYSIS

The following two analytical method is to characterize branching are useful in the compositions of surfactants in accordance with the present invention:

Separation and identification of components in detergent alcohols (perform before alkoxycarbonyl or after hydrolysis alcohol sulfate for analytical purposes). The position and length of branching, which are the precursors - washing-alcoholic substances, determined by means of GC/MS [see: D.J.Harvey, Biomed, Environ. Mass Spectrom (1989), 18(9), 719-23; D.J.Harvey, J.M.Tiffany, J. Chromatogr. (1984), 301(1), 173-87; .A.Karlsson, ..Samuelsson, G..Steen, Chem. Phys. Lipids (1973), 11(1), 17-38].

Identification of the separated detergent alcohol alkoxylate components using MS/MS. The position and length of branching can be determined by using ion-spray MS/MS or of the Belarusian library Association-MS/MS methods for pre-allocated detergents spirtuality components.

The average total number of carbon atoms of the branched primary alkyl surfactants in this application can be calculated from the hydroxyl number of the mixture of precursors - detergent alcohols or hydroxyl number of alcohols, recovered by extraction after hydrolysis of the mixture of alcohol sulfates in accordance with conventional procedures, such as those described in "Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Volume 2, Fourth Edition, edited by Daniel Swern, p.440-441.

Unless otherwise indicated, all levels of the component or composition is given regarding the active level of such component or composition and do not contain impurities, such as the er, residual solvents or by-products that may be present in commercially available sources.

All percentages and ratios are calculated according to the weight, unless otherwise indicated. All percentages and ratios are calculated based on the total composition, unless otherwise indicated.

It should be clear that every maximum numerical limitation given throughout the description, includes every lower numerical limitation, as if such lower numerical limitations expressed in this application in writing. Each minimum numerical limitation given throughout the description will include any higher numerical limitation, as if such a higher numerical limitations expressed in this application in writing. Each numerical range given throughout this description, will include every narrower numerical range that falls within such broader numerical range, as if all such narrower numerical ranges expressed in this application in writing.

The dimensions and values described in this application should not be construed as strictly limited to the exact numerical values. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to refer to both lead the military values, and a functionally equivalent range around this value. For example, the size described as "40 mm"is intended to mean "about 40 mm"

All documents cited in the detailed description of the present invention, are, in their relevant parts, included in this application by reference; the citation of any document should not be construed as an admission that it is prior art against the present invention.

While have illustrated and described a particular implementation of the present invention, a specialist in the art it will be obvious that various other changes and modifications can be effected within the essence and scope of the present invention. Therefore, the formula that is attached to this application is designed for grasping all such changes and modifications that are included in the scope of the present invention.

1. Acyclic aldehyde having 16 carbon atoms, containing at least three branching and selected from the group consisting of: 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyladamantane; 2,3,7,11-tetramethyl-dodecanal; 7,11-dimethyl-3-vinyltoluene-6,10-dienes; 4,8,12-trimethyldodeca-4,7,11-Triennale.

2. The composition of the substances suitable for use as starting material to obtain a surface-Akti the different substances, containing at least one acyclic aldehyde according to claim 1.

3. The composition of the substances according to claim 2, wherein the acyclic aldehyde is saturated and branching represent methyl, ethyl or mixtures thereof.

4. The composition of detergent alcohols, suitable for compositions of surface-active substances containing at least one acyclic alcohol, converted from an acyclic aldehyde according to claim 1, having 16 carbon atoms, and also containing at least three branching, branching represent methyl, ethyl or mixtures thereof.

5. The composition according to claim 4, characterized in that more than approximately 10% of the branched alcohols are trimethylethylene alcohols.

6. The composition according to claim 4, characterized in that more than approximately 30% branched alcohols are trimethylethylene alcohols.

7. The composition according to claim 4, wherein more than about 70% branched alcohols are trimethylethylene alcohols.

8. The composition according to claim 4, characterized in that the alcohol derived from the source polyazomethines polyolefin selected from the group consisting of:
a. farnesene natural origin, extracted from existing plants and organisms;
b. farnesene obtained through GM EOS is Anisimov;
c. synthetically obtained trimers of isoprene; and
d. mixtures thereof.

9. Composition of surface-active substances suitable for use in washing or cleaning compositions containing one or more surface-active derivatives of acyclic isomers detergent alcohol, converted from an acyclic aldehyde according to claim 1 and containing 16 carbon atoms and two, three or four methyl or ethyl branches or mixtures thereof.

10. The composition of the surfactant according to claim 9, characterized in that more than 70% of the derivatives of acyclic surfactants contain two, three or four methyl groups.

11. The composition of the surfactant according to claim 9, characterized in that the surface-active derivatives of acyclic isomers of detergent alcohols are sulfate derivatives, ethoxylated derivatives, ethoxylated and sulfate derivatives, or mixtures thereof.

12. A cleaning composition comprising the composition of a surfactant according to claim 9.

13. A cleaning composition comprising the composition of the surfactant of claim 10.

14. The method of obtaining alcohol mixture for the composition of detergent alcohols according to claim 4, comprising a stage on which:
a. provide one or more palliatively polyolefin, with polyazomethine polyol the fins must contain one non-branched terminal olefin and one or more additional branched olefins in the molecule;
b. hydroformylation these polyazomethine polyolefins with getting polyazomethines of olefin containing aldehyde product with one or more olefins or mixtures thereof, with a catalyst selected from the group consisting of modified or unmodified transition metals of group IX, and the process conditions comprising a process temperature in the range from about 50°C to about 130°C, the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from approximately 0.25:1 to about 4:1 and the total pressure in the range from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig;
c. restore aldehyde product obtained in stage (b) in the presence of hydrogen and hydrogenation catalyst, using the process conditions comprising a process temperature in the range from about 20°C to about 130°C and a hydrogen pressure ranging from 100 psig to about 2000 psig with the formation of a mixture polyazomethine alcohols; and
d. remove this mixture polyazomethine alcohols from the specified catalyst.

15. The method according to 14, characterized in that polyazomethine polyolefins are selected from the group consisting of:
a. farnesene of natural origin and mixtures of farnesene extracted from nature is the breaking of plants and organisms;
b. farnesene and mixtures of farnesene obtained by genetically modified organisms;
c. synthetically obtained trimers of isoprene; and
d. mixtures thereof.

16. The method according to 14, characterized in that it further comprises a stage on which selectively hydrogenizing all connections except one olefin mixture polyazomethine polyolefins with a mixture polyazomethine of monoolefins before the stage of hydroformylation b.

17. The method according to item 16, characterized in that polyazomethine polyolefins are selected from the group consisting of:
e. farnesene of natural origin and mixtures of farnesene extracted from natural plants and organisms;
f. farnesene and mixtures of farnesene obtained by genetically modified organisms;
g. synthetically obtained trimers of isoprene; and
a. mixtures thereof.

18. The method of obtaining alcohol mixture for the composition of detergent alcohols according to claim 4, comprising a stage on which:
a. provide polyazomethine polyolefins that contain one non-branched terminal olefin and one or more additional branched olefins in the molecule;
b. at the same time hydroformylation and restore the specified palliatively polyolefin using the catalyst, selected from a specific modified transition metal is group IX and the process conditions, including process temperature in the range from about 90°C to about 200°C, the molar ratio of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range from about 2 : 1 to about 5 : 1, and the total pressure in the range from about 300 psig to about 2000 psig; and
c. removes the given alcohol composition from the specified catalyst.

19. The method according to p, characterized in that it further comprises a stage on which selectively hydrogenizing all connections except one olefin mixture polyazomethine polyolefins with a mixture polyazomethine of monoolefins before the stage of hydroformylation b.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technological processes with the application of washing preparations, in particular in the metallurgical industry for cleaning of hard-rolled metal-roll in rolls on units of continuous processing from oils, rolling emulsols, lubricants, carbonaceous pollutions. Described is a liquid alkaline washing preparation, which contains sodium hydroxide, trisubstituted sodium phosphate, complexon (aqueous disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid or aqueous trisodium salt of hydroxyethylidendiphosphonic acid), a washing surface-active agent Berol DGR 81, additionally contains potassium hydroxide, a washing surface-active agent Berol LFG 61, a mixture of polyoxyethylated ethers of monoethanelamides of synthetic fatty acids of fraction C7-C17, propylene glycol and an antifoaming additive Biomol DF -63 with the following component ratio, g/l: sodium hydroxide 2.05-3.4, potassium hydroxide 1.5-2.5 sodium phosphate trisubstituted 0.08-0.13, aqueous complexon-disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, aqueous or aqueous trisodium salt of hydroxyethylidendiphosphoric acid 0.16-0.28, washing surface-active agent Berol DGR 81 - optimised mixture of nonionic SAS of alcohol ethoxylates and alkylglucosides 0.12-0.2, washing surface-active agent Berol LFG 61 - optimised mixture of nonionic SAS of alcohol ethoxylates and alkylglucosides 0.58-0.97, mixture of polyoxyethylated ethers of monoethanolamides of synthetic fatty acids of fraction C7-C17 0.035-0.09, propylene glycol 0.21-0.36, antifoaming additive Biomol DF -63 0.17-0.29, water - the remaining part to 1 l, and the weight ratio of the mixture of the surface-active substances to propylene glycol and to the antifoaming additive constitutes : (4.3:1.24:1).

EFFECT: high washing ability both in the chemical and in electrochemical method of degreasing, low foaming.

2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an agent for cleaning eyewear, television screens and monitors, which contains 0.5-5.0 g/l nonionic surfactant, 0.001-0.05 g/l preservative, 0.25-1.0 g/l cellulose-based cationic polymer and optionally 0-200 g/l lower aliphatic alcohol and 0-0.1 g/l acidity regulator.

EFFECT: novel agent for cleaning eyewear, television screens and monitors, having improved anti-fog and antistatic properties.

1 cl, 5 ex, 5 tbl, 7 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: cleaning composition contains an acrylate polymer, alkoxylated methylglucoside polyol in amount of approximately 0.05-4% of the total weight of the cleaning composition, at least one surfactant selected from anionic surfactants and amphoteric surfactants and water. The invention also describes a cleaning composition containing: a) approximately 3-25% anionic surfactant; b) approximately 0.05-15% amphoteric surfactant; c) approximately 0.1-12% acrylate copolymer; d) approximately 0.05-6% alkoxylated methylglucoside polyol; e) approximately 0.01-5% basic neutralising reagent and e) water. The preferred alkoxylated methylglucoside polyols are selected from ethyoxylated and/or propoxylated methylglucoside polyols. The invention also describes a method of preparing cleaning compositions.

EFFECT: improved foam formation and rheological properties.

19 cl, 7 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent composition has pH ranging from neutral to alkaline and contains an aqueous solution. The solution contains 0.005-10% surfactant with low foaming capacity; 0.005-10% corrosion inhibiting compound selected from C4-C16 alkylpyrrolidones and C1-C18 alkylamines and 0.01-15% modifying additive for preventing precipitation when metal ions react with the said surfactant. The cleaning solution contains a corrosion inhibitor and leaves a small amount of residue. The compositions are used not only at the washing stage of the cleaning cycle, but at one of the subsequent stages of the rinsing cycle in order to optimise cleaning and prevent rusting.

EFFECT: improved anti-corrosion and cleaning properties.

14 cl, 3 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent contains in mass %: sodium tripolyphosphate 39, sodium carbonate 42, sodium chloride 12, zeolite or bentonite 4, ethylene oxide mole ethoxylated 8-10 nonyl phenol 2, sodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 1. Single processing cycle provides descaling efficiency to 95-98 %.

EFFECT: higher descaling efficiency of all internal surfaces and heating elements of laundry washers.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, detergents.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a novel mixture of alkoxylates possessing surface-active, moistening and cleansing properties of the formula: wherein PO means propyleneoxy link; ЕО means ethyleneoxy link; n has an average value in the range 1.6-3.3 per 2-ethylhexyl group; m has an average value in the range 3.0-5.5 per 2-ethylhexyl group and comprises less 1.5 wt.-% of unreacted 2-ethylhexanol. Indicated mixture is prepared by interaction of 2-ethylhexanol with propylene oxide at the first step, and at the second step propoxylated mixture is subjected for interaction with ethylene oxide, and amount of 2-ethylhexyl propoxylate is from 2 to 20 wt.-%. Also, invention relates to a method for preparing indicated mixture of alkoxylates wherein 2-ethylhexanol reacts with 1.6-3.3 mole of propylene oxide per a mole of 2-ethylhexanol in the presence of the propoxylation reaction catalyst at temperature from 110°C to 130°C at the first step wherein all amount of propylene oxide reacts. Then prepared mixture of propoxylates or mixture of propoxylates prepared after removal of unreacted 2-ethylhexanol is subjected for interaction at the second step with 3.0-5.5 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of 2-ethylhexanol in the presence of the ethoxylation reaction catalyst at temperature from 60°C to 180°C. Mixture of alkoxylates represents a good cleansing, surface-active substance and a moistening agent and can be easily biodegraded.

EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of mixture.

9 cl, 3 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: detergents.

SUBSTANCE: cleanser designed to clean and disinfect various metallic and nonmetallic surfaces to remove organic pollutants, including petroleum derivatives, greases, lubricating oils, and other liquid hydrocarbons, contains, wt %: surfactant 1.2-9, foam suppressor 0.1-0.2, demulsifier 0.001-4, corrosion inhibitor 0.001-7, and active constituent - the balance. As nonionic surfactant, Neonol or Synthanol are used and, as ionic surfactant, Catamine AB at their weight ratio (1-8):(0.2-1).

EFFECT: increased detergent ability, acceleration suppression of foam, and increased corrosion resistance.

1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: household chemistry, in particular compositions for bleaching of white and random dyeing textile made of natural, artificial, synthetic and mixed fibers.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %): hydrogen peroxide 7-11; oxanole 0.5-1.0; oxyethylidenediphosphonic acid 0.1-0.3; optical bleaching agent, namely mixture of benzoxyzaryl derivative 0.1-0.2 and stilbenesulfo acid 0.1-0.2; and balance: water.

EFFECT: non-layered composition during storage; decreased chemical failure of materials.

2 tbl, 12 ex

FIELD: detergent composition for metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (g/l): sodium hydroxide 6.05-12.05; sodium carbonate 5.25-10.75; sodium silicate 0.27-0.47; sodium tripolyphosphate 1.20-2.70; propylene trimer-based oxyethylated monoalkyl phenol containing 12 mol of ethylene oxide in molecule 0.073-0.158; propylene trimer-based oxyethylated monoalkyl phenol containing 6 mol of ethylene oxide in molecule 0.054-0.106; antifoaming agent 0.011-0.023; and balance to 1 l: water, wherein mass ratio of surfactant mixture to antifoaming agent is 11.5:1. Composition of present invention is useful in degreasing of rolled metal in rolls at high velocity (20-30 s) continuous treatment before coating (zinc plating, insulated coating, etc.) and affords the ability to provide metal surface of high purity.

EFFECT: detergent with reduced foaming useful for pretreatment of anizotropic electric steel.

2 tbl, 6 ex

The invention relates to detergents for cleaning the metal surfaces of oil, mud and grease before phosphating operations and applying coatings

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing a composition for reducing cohesion forces by dissolving in a base liquid containing water in which the following components are dispersed in given volume percent concentration: sodium chloride 1-3%, magnesium ions 1-2%, calcium ions 1-2%, potassium ions 1-2%, sulphate 1-2%, carbon 0.5-1%, nitrate 1-2%, and phosphate 1-2%, sodium chloride and sodium alkyl ether sulphate. The volume ratio of the amount of the base liquid to the amount of sodium chloride and sodium alkyl ether sulphate ranges from 1:1:1.5 to 1:1:5. Said method involves: obtaining the base liquid of the composition; heating the base liquid to temperature of 50°C-100°C; dissolving sodium chloride in said base liquid by high-speed dispersion; dissolving sodium alkyl ether sulphate in said base liquid by high-speed dispersion; and spontaneous cooling of the obtained composition.

EFFECT: method enables to obtain a composition which enables cheap and efficient neutralisation of space charges arising on particles.

6 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains the following in wt %: 1-10 anionic surfactant selected from C6-C9-alkylsulphonates; 0.1-10 water-soluble or water-miscible solvent; 0.01-0.3 polymer selected from natural gum and derivatives thereof, as well as polysaccharide thickeners and derivatives thereof and water. The ratio between the molar concentration of the surfactant in the composition and the critical micelle concentration is less than 5.0. The disclosed composition is used in a method of cleaning solid surfaces, in a container and in a method of providing a foaming sound.

EFFECT: obtaining foaming cleaning compositions for solid surfaces.

8 cl, 4 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing anionic surfactants through sulphation of α-olefins C8-C18, or primary aliphatic alcohols C8-C18, or aromatic hydrocarbons with sulphuric acid of concentration of not less than 92-93% or with oleum with SO3 concentration of 7-10% with subsequent steps for neutralising the reaction sulfo-mass with sodium hydroxide, extraction of the surfactant using methanol production wastes - mixture of alcohols, formation and subsequent separation of the water-alcohol solution of the surfactant and saturated aqueous Na2SO4 solution, dilution of the water-alcohol solution of surfactant twice with water, extraction of non-sulphated hydrocarbons with light petrol with tboil=45-120°C, distillation of the petrol fraction, feeding the water-alcohol solution of surfactant to the first distillation step where ternary azeotrope is distilled off, the middle layer of which, after physical separation from other layers, is fed to the extraction step, and the surfactant solution is fed to the second water distillation step to obtain commercial grade surfactant, where the mixture of alcohols has the following composition: weight fraction of the organic part of less than 80%, including: methyl alcohol - not more than 0.5%, ethyl alcohol - 9.0-10.0%, n-propyl alcohol - 2.0-3.0%, iso-propyl alcohol - 14.0-17.0%, n-butyl alcohol - 1.0-2.0%, iso-butyl alcohol 30.0-35.0%, amyl alcohol and higher alcohols - 8.5-9.0%, not more than 20.0% water, not more than 0.850 g/cm3 density.

EFFECT: use of methanol production wastes in the process of producing anionic surfactants reduces cost of the product.

1 cl, 1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: organic chemistry, chemical technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the following new compounds: primary alcohol of branched ester of the formula: and to a method for its preparing wherein R1 represents hydrogen atom or hydrocarbon radical comprising from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R2 represents alkyl radical comprising from 1 to 7 carbon atoms; x represents a number from 3 to 16 wherein the total number of carbon atoms in alcohol structure is from 9 to 24; to alkyl ester sulfate of the formula: XOSO3M and to a method for its preparing wherein M represents hydrogen atom or cation, and X is represented by the formula: wherein R1 represents hydrogen atom or hydrocarbon radical comprising from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R2 represents alkyl radical comprising from 1 to 7 carbon atoms; x represents a number from 3 to 16 wherein the total number of carbon atoms in alkyl ester sulfate structure is from 9 to 24; to alcohol alkoxysulfate of the formula: wherein R1 represents hydrogen atom or hydrocarbon radical comprising from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R2 represents alkyl radical comprising from 1 to 7 carbon atoms; x represents a number from 3 to 16; A represents alkylene radical comprising from 2 to 4 carbon atoms; y represents a number from 1 to 9 wherein the total number of carbon atoms in alcohol alkoxysulfate, with exception of A, is from 9 to 24; M represents hydrogen atom or cation; and to branched alcanol alkoxylate of the formula: wherein R1 represents hydrogen atom or hydrocarbon radical comprising from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R2 represents alkyl radical comprising from 1 to 7 carbon atoms; x represents a number from 3 to 16; A represents alkylene radical comprising from 2 to 4 carbon atoms; y represents a number from 1 to 9 wherein the total number of carbon atoms in alcanol alkoxylate, with exception of A, is from 9 to 24. Proposed compounds are used in detergent compositions.

EFFECT: valuable properties of compounds.

10 cl, 27 ex

The invention relates to a mixture of branched primary alcohols from C11to C36and to mix them sulfates, alkoxylated, alkoxylates and carboxylates, which have high washing ability in cold water and good biological degradability

The invention relates to surface-active particles containing at least 80 weight

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel compounds of general formula (I)

, in which X denotes a CHO, CH2OH or CH2OC(O)R group, where R denotes a straight of branched C1-C5 alkyl chain; as well as to a synthesis method, particularly synthesis of 6,8-dimethylnon-7-enal (1) through hydroformylation of 5,7-dimethylocta-1,6-diene. The invention also relates to fragrant compositions containing formula (I) compounds. Owing to their fragrant properties, these compounds are of great interest in perfumery, particularly cosmetic products and household chemicals.

EFFECT: obtaining novel fragrant compositions.

12 cl, 7 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to cis/trans-citral and (iso)piperitenole processes to be then used in perfumery, household chemicals, vitamin synthesis. The process involves isomerisation of cis-trans verbenol in supercritical lower alcoholic vehicles (C1-C3) at temperature 420°C and lower. As a rule, supercritical lower alcoholic vehicles include supercritical methyl or ethyl alcohol, or supercritical 1-propanol. Commonly thermal isomerisation is ensured at temperature 280-420°C and pressure 100-120 atm.

EFFECT: high yield end products with controlled selectivity and high reaction time.

6 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg, 3 ex

The invention relates to an improved process for the preparation of citral, which is a mixture of CIS-and TRANS-isomers of 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienes, which is widely used for the production of high-value components of perfumes and high-quality cosmetic and perfumery products, in particular lineolata, geranylacetone, linalool, geraniol, citronellol, Ivanov and so on, used in the synthesis of vitamins a and E
Up!