Universal detergent and disinfecting foam preparation based on quaternary ammonium compounds

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: described is a universal detergent and a disinfecting foam preparation, which contains potassium hydroxide, a disinfecting component - catamin AB and water and additionally: sodium hydroxide, alkylpolyglycoside and alkyldimethylamine oxide as non-ionogenic SAS, salt of ethylenediaminotetraacetic acid, glycol A with the following component ratio, wt % (counted per pure substances): sodium hydroxide 5-15, potassium hydroxide 2-8, salt of ethylenediaminotetraacetic acid 1.5-5, mixture of non-ionogenic SAS including: alkylpolyglycoside 2-4 and alkyldimethylamine oxide 2-6, disinfecting component catamin AB 2.5-6, glycol A 0.5-2, water - the remaining part.

EFFECT: increased detergent and disinfecting ability of the preparation due to an increase of the foam formation.

4 cl, 3 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of chemistry, namely technical detergents used in the food industry, processing industry and the social sphere for cleaning and disinfection of floors, walls, industrial premises, equipment, pipelines, tanks and conveyor belts.

Quaternary ammonium compounds (next HOUR) is a modern antiseptics with high bactericidal activity, used for disinfection in the food industry, agriculture and so on, they have effective antimicrobial activity, quite economical, safe, and provide high-quality cleaning and disinfection of the treated surfaces. Good solubility in water, no odor, and corrosively properties, relatively low toxicity to humans make these valuable connections disinfectants.

In this washing and dezinfitsiruyuschim foam tool as used disinfectant component katamin AB.

Known universal cleaning and disinfectant foam product containing caustic potash, disinfecting component katamin AB and water (patent application RU 2010152125, IPC C11D 3/48 (2006.01), 20.12.2010,).

This detergent is used as a prototype as the closest to the invention by the technical nature of the achieved result.

The disadvantage of the prototype are insufficient washing and disinfecting ability of the tool when used for cleaning grease complex structure, common in meat, fish and dairy industry, due to low foaming and a limited range of changes in the concentration of the HOUR.

The technical result from the use of the invention is to increase the scrubbing and disinfecting capacity of the facility by increasing the foaming and expansion of the range of concentration of the HOUR.

Below is General and private significant features that characterize causality utility model with the specified technical result.

Universal detergent and disinfectant foam formulated with Quaternary ammonium compounds containing caustic potash, disinfecting component katamin AB and water. Universal detergent and disinfectant foam tool further comprises a caustic sodium, alkylpolyglycoside and oxide of alkyldiphenylamine as nonionic surfactants, salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid, glycol And in the following ratio, wt.% (calculated on the pure substance):

caustic sodium5-15
caustic potash2-8
salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid1,5-5
a mixture of nonionic surfactants in the composition:
alkylpolyglycoside2-4
and
oxide of alkyldiphenylamine2-6
disinfecting component katamin AB2,5-6
glycol And0,5-2
waterrest

As salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid can be used disodium salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid. As salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid can be used chetyrehmatchevaya (Terentieva) salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid. As glycol And can be used connection type RO-(CHR'CHR'-0)nN, where R is a linear or branched alkyl substituent with the length of the main chain With1-With4, R'=H, CH3n from 1 to 4.

A comparison of the claimed technical solution to the prior art known from scientific and technical patentei documentation on the priority date, in the main and adjacent sections revealed no means having characteristics identical to all characteristics contained in proposed by the applicant claims, including characterization purposes. I.e. the set of essential features of the claimed solution was not previously known and is not identical with any known technical solutions, therefore, it corresponds to a condition of patentability "novelty".

This solution is industrially applicable, as in the description and title of the invention indicated his appointment, it can be carried out industrially and used for cleaning and disinfection of equipment, workable, feasible and reproducible, and features of the device allow to obtain the desired effect, i.e. they are significant.

The invention as it is characterized in each of the claims, may be made by using the tools and methods described in the patent document RU 2010152125 that has become publicly available before the priority date of the invention.

Therefore, the claimed technical solution meets the condition of patentability "industrial applicability".

In addition, the invention according to the condition of patentability "industrial applicability" is confirmed by carried away and examples of implementation of technical solutions.

Analysis of the known technical solutions in this field of technology has shown that the proposed technical solution is not necessary for the expert in the obvious way from the prior art, since no identified solution having attributes matching the distinctive features of the invention and is not confirmed by the popularity of the influence of distinctive features provided in the application materials technical result. I.e. the claimed solution has features that are missing in the known technical solutions, and the use of these characteristics in the stated essential features gives you the opportunity to gain new technical result, therefore, the proposed solution can be obtained only by creativity and not obvious to a person skilled in this field, i.e. it has an inventive step compared to the current level of technology.

To achieve optimal results when the contamination, it is recommended to use water with a temperature of 35 to 60°C and the concentration of detergent 1-5% depending on the degree of contamination of the object.

Dosing of dry ingredients is on the technological platform scales.

Method of preparation: in a vessel equipped with a mixing device,and serves the calculated amount of water, after which this capacity is loaded the Ute hydroxide sodium and potassium hydroxide in accordance with formula. To the hot solution add sodium salt, salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid. Allow the solution to cool to 20-25°C and add oxide of alkyldiphenylamine, alkylpolyglycoside, glycol and ketamin AB in the calculated quantity. Throughout the preparation of the stirrer should ensure complete mixing without stagnant zones.

The invention is illustrated by the examples presented in accordance with the regulations of Rospatent.

In the research process was carried out assessment of the stability of the foam on the most famous test Roll of miles considering the fact that the disinfectant component catamine AB within the specified limits of 2.5-6 wt.% it is known from the prior art and does not require a separate practical confirmation.

For the study was determined by the following parameter foam: 100 ml of 5% solution of the funds in the water foamed strjahivaniem 250 ml cylinder with a lid (the solution temperature of 20°C), put on the table. Measure the height of the foam immediately and after one minute.

Example 1

The ratio of components, wt.% the following:

caustic sodium15
caustic potash8
salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid 5
a mixture of nonionic surfactants in the composition:
alkylpolyglycoside4

and

oxide of alkyldiphenylamine6
disinfecting component katamin AB6
glycol And2
waterrest

The study of detergent in the composition of example 1 has the following values of the parameter foam 5% solution in water (100 ml) - height of the foam immediately to 220 mm after 1 minute - 150 mm

Consequently, the composition of example 1 on the foam meets the requirements to cleaning agents used for effective cleaning due to the stable retention of the composition on vertical surfaces at the outer foam cleaning floors, walls, equipment.

Example 2

The ratio of components, wt.% the following:

caustic sodium10
caustic potash5
salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid3,25
a mixture of nonionic surfactants in the composition:
alkylpolyglycoside3

and

oxide of alkyldiphenylamine4
disinfecting component katamin AB4,25
glycol And125
waterrest

The study of detergent in the composition of example 1 has the following values of the parameter foam 5% solution in water (100 ml) - height of the foam immediately 205 mm after 1 minute - 140 mm

Consequently, the composition of example 1 on the foam meets the requirements to cleaning agents used for effective cleaning due to the stable retention of the composition on vertical surfaces at the outer foam cleaning floors, walls, equipment.

Example 3

The ratio of components, wt.% the following:

caustic sodium5
caustic potash2
salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid1,5
a mixture of nonionic surfactants in the composition:
alkylpolyglycoside2

and

oxide of alkyldiphenylamine2
disinfecting component katamin AB2,5
glycol And0,5
waterrest

The study of detergent in the composition of example 1 has the following values of the parameter foam 5% solution in water (100 ml) - height of the foam immediately 187 mm after 1 minute - 132 mm

Consequently, the composition of example 1 on the foam meets the requirements to cleaning agents used for effective cleaning due to the stable retention of the composition on vertical surfaces at the outer foam cleaning floors, walls, equipment.

The use of this invention will expand the operational capabilities by increasing penumbra the Finance for the stable retention of the composition on vertical surfaces at the outer foam cleaning of floors, walls, inventory, equipment. In addition, the presence of one of two types of alkali is sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide gives a synergistic effect, making this cleanser can be used in low concentrations while maintaining high cleaning effect.

Use disinfectant component catamine AB at predetermined intervals helps to ensure the disinfection effect against a wide range of pathogens, microorganisms and fungi.

Due to the synergistic effect of the cost of the finished detergent solution decreases, resulting in significant savings when using it.

1. Universal detergent and disinfectant foam formulated with Quaternary ammonium compounds containing caustic potash, disinfecting component katamin AB and water, characterized in that it further comprises a caustic sodium, alkylpolyglycoside and oxide of alkyldiphenylamine as nonionic surfactants, salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid, glycol And in the following ratio, wt.% (calculated on the pure substance):

caustic sodium5-15
caustic potash2-8
salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic the second acid 1,5-5
a mixture of nonionic surfactants in the composition:
alkylpolyglycoside2-4

and
oxide of alkyldiphenylamine2-6
disinfecting component katamin AB2,5-6
glycol And0,5-2
waterrest

2. Universal detergent and disinfectant foam tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the quality of the salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid used disodium salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid.

3. Universal detergent and disinfectant foam tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the quality of the salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid used chetyrehmatchevaya salt ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid.

4. Universal detergent and disinfectant foam tool according to claim 1, characterized in that as glycol And the used connection type RO-(CHR'CHR'-O)nH, where R is a linear or branched alkyl substituent with the length of the main chain C1-C4, R'=H, CH3n from 1 to 4.



 

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1 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: valuable properties of agent.

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