Facing hollow-porous ceramic unit

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facing hollow-porous ceramic unit is a rectangular parallelepiped containing outer side stretching and binding faces and inner constructive insulating structure made of spaced apart ceramic baffles and bridges of series of through hollows, unit has vertical and horizontal grooves that extend beyond the stretching and bed faces to the width of one hollow and side face thickness, as well as vertical mark extending through the middle of the stretching side. Rows of through cavities are arranged alternately in parallel and perpendicularly with respect to the unit binding faces, besides the unit on the stretching side has a solid facing layer with textured surface imitating the brickwork.

EFFECT: improvement of physical and technical indicators both of the unit and laying method of the building wall, increase of laying precision during wall construction, reduction of deviations from the horizontal and vertical planes, increase of laying resistance of shear due to the use of geometric parameters of the ceramic unit, its rows of through hollows made perpendicularly with respect to each other, its vertical and horizontal slots.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction, namely the construction hollow ceramic blocks, widely used in the single-layer masonry external walls of buildings with the required thermal resistance for different climatic conditions.

Known hollow-porous ceramic brick-block for the construction of homogeneous walls and ways of its masonry (patent RU 2377371 C1, 23.06.2008)containing outer side header and stretcher faces and internal structural insulating structure, and structural and heat-shielding structure is deployed relative to the header and stretcher faces at 45 and is divided lengthwise into two equal parts ceramic strap passing across the header and parallel bonder faces.

The disadvantage of this brick-block is the lack of horizontal and vertical grooves, which reduces the strength of masonry shear in its operation. Also a disadvantage is the necessity of imposing a solution on a flat horizontal surface of the block for coupling with the overlying blocks. This leads to a deterioration of the efficiency of the walls, made of this block, due to the presence of end-to-end suture, and increased construction time. Also a disadvantage is the lack of a solid layer facing unit that can gain and to accelerated destruction of the cladding part in the operation process when moisture penetrates into the outer void and the impact of the processes of freezing and thawing.

Well-known large-scale porous ceramic block POROTHERM (THICK) PTH 51 (510250219), PTH 38 (380250219), PTH 25 (250380219) and PTH 12 (120500219). (Large porous ceramic block POROTHERM (GOST 5 30-2007), PTH 51 and PTH 38. [Electronic resource]/the Wienerberger group (Wienerberger) - Vienna (Austria). Mode of access: http:// www.wienerberger.ru). The ceramic block is a rectangular parallelepiped containing outer side header and stretcher faces and internal structural insulating structure made of separated from each other by ceramic walls and bridges rows of through voids, parallel bonder faces of the block. Voids in the ceramic block to the rectangular shape of 4015 mm and parallel to the header side. Ribs are parallel as well as perpendicular to the header side. Additional cavities have the shape of a square and are located on the borders of the pair stretcher bond faces, and with two structural holes 42,542.5 mm, located at a distance of 50 mm from the bonder faces. Mark block strength M100-M150.

The disadvantage of this large porous ceramic block POROTHERM (THICK) is the necessity of imposing a solution on a flat horizontal surface of the block for coupling with the overlying blocks. This results in the deterioration of the efficiency of the walls, made from this block, due to the presence of end-to-end suture, and increased construction time. Also, a significant disadvantage of this ceramic block is the lack of horizontal grooves that during the construction of masonry leads to a decrease in the accuracy and stability of construction. In addition, decreases the resistance of masonry shear in its operation. Also a disadvantage is the lack of a solid layer facing unit, which can lead to accelerated destruction of the cladding part in the operation process when moisture penetrates into the outer void and the impact of the processes of freezing and thawing.

Closest to the claimed invention is a hollow porous ceramic block for the construction of single-layer and multi-layer wall (patent application for invention No. 2011120531/03(030396) dated 20.05.2011, representing a rectangular parallelepiped containing outer side header and stretcher faces and internal structural insulating structure made of separated from each other by ceramic walls and bridges rows of through voids, parallel bonder faces of the block, wherein the end-to-end cavities are offset relative to each other in adjacent rows by half their width, in addition, the block has a vertical and horizontal the grooves, which are beyond the stretcher bond and bed face to the width of one of the cavities and the thickness of the side face and the vertical risk center stretcher bond side faces.

The disadvantage of this hollow-porous ceramic block is the lack of a solid layer facing unit, which can lead to accelerated destruction of the cladding part in the operation process when moisture penetrates into the outer void and the impact of the processes of freezing and thawing. Also the disadvantage of this unit is the location of the end-to-end cavities are offset relative to each other in adjacent rows, which may in the outer layers perpendicular to the direction of the heat resistance may lead to the formation of moisture and accelerated destruction of the unit. Also the disadvantage of this unit is the lack of size in the thickness of 640 mm, the closest normalized thermal resistance walling for most regions of the middle zone of the Russian Federation.

The objective of the invention is the creation of facing hollow porous ceramic block for the construction of single-layer walls, providing high thermal performance during the operation, the destruction of the cladding layer, convenience and easy installation, reducing labor costs.

Our tasks is and is solved by in facing hollow porous ceramic block representing a rectangular parallelepiped containing outer side header and stretcher faces and internal structural insulating structure made of separated from each other by ceramic walls and bridges rows of through cavities with vertical and horizontal grooves, which are beyond the stretcher bond and bed face to the width of one of the cavities and the thickness of the side face and the vertical risk passing through the center of the stretcher bond (front) side, according to the invention, the series of through cavities are alternately parallel and perpendicular to the bonder faces of the block, in addition, the block on stretcher bond (front) side has a full facing layer with a textured surface, imitating brickwork.

Facing hollow porous ceramic block side contains the header 1 and header 2 faces, internal structural thermal insulation structure, made of separated from each other by ceramic walls 3 and ridges 4 rows of end-to-end rectangular cavities 5, alternating between the parallel and perpendicular to the bonder 2 faces of the block, through the voids 5 are offset relative to each other in adjacent rows by half their width is ment to improve the efficiency of the unit. The block 8 has a vertical and horizontal grooves 9, which are for the header 1 and bed 10 faces to the width of one of the cavities and the thickness of the side face. On the front (stretcher bond) sides 1 unit applied vertical risk 6 passing through the center of the stretcher bond (face) face 1. Figure 1-2 the risk is located in the center stretcher bond (face) face (1) to improve the performance of laying the blocks in a row and accurate erection of masonry. Block in stretcher bond side has a full facing layer 11 with textured surface, imitating brickwork.

From the point of view of efficiency of the unit through a rectangular cavities 5 are both perpendicular and parallel to the bonder face 2 of the block.

The raw material for the creation of ceramic block is a natural clay with additives. Structural thermal insulation structure is deployed perpendicular to the header 1 and header 2 faces. Each rectangular void separated from each other by ceramic walls 3 and ridges 4 on the entire height of the block, intersecting at an angle of 90. All cavities 5 are oriented relative to the header 1 and header 2 faces of the ceramic block so that the diagonal of a rectangular cavities placed perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer resistance from the side of the header 1, and the bonder 2 faces./p>

Use facing hollow porous ceramic block allows you to build the outer wall (bearing or self-supporting) without cladding layer and filling the vertical joints with mortar during the construction of masonry (or adhesive) due to the formation of the castle in the joint area between the grooves closely adjacent to each other (in some cases only requires a vertical sealing interface with the outside). One hollow-porous ceramic block is placed on the entire wall thickness, which is determined by thermal calculation for a specific region construction without ligation of the installed blocks and without filling the vertical joints in the construction of masonry. In stretcher bond (front) 1 the faces of the block applied vertical risk 6, 7, passing through the center of the stretcher bond (front) 1 faces to improve the performance of laying the blocks in a row and accurate erection of masonry. A facing layer of a solid block is made.

The invention relates to building structures, it helps to build the outer wall (bearing or self-supporting) without cladding layer and filling the vertical grooves solution when erecting masonry (or adhesive) due to the formation of the castle in the joint area between the grooves closely adjacent to each other.

It does not require filling VERTIC is selected grooves of the binder material during the construction of masonry (in some cases only requires a vertical sealing interface with the outside). When this bearing or non-load-bearing construction can be performed in thickness in one unit. By the arrangement then made perpendicular relative to each other, as well as the location of the vertical and horizontal grooves increases thermal efficiency of the walls. Due to the special form that allows you to evenly distribute the load on neighboring blocks, this ceramic block can be used as load bearing walls in buildings up to 10 floors. Due to the presence of solid cladding layer there is no possibility of its destruction during operation when moisture penetrates into the outer void and the impact of the processes of freezing and thawing.

Figure 1 shows the types and risks facing hollow porous ceramic block for the construction of single-layer walls with size 640250250 mm figure 2 shows a spatial image, and the view from the top facing hollow porous ceramic block for the construction of single-layer and multi-layer wall size 640250250 mm

Facing hollow porous ceramic block for walls has a size of 640250250 mm; average weight 16,1 kg; the average density of 720 kg/m3. The facing layer is solid. Blocks can be used for low-rise and high-rise construction, as melkostupova filling the Oia bearing and self-supporting walls of buildings and constructions. An example of execution of hollow porous block:

1) as a self-supporting structures;

2) as load-bearing walls;

3) as an additional insulation of walls in the reconstruction of buildings and structures;

4) as the facades of the building.

Facing hollow porous ceramic block representing a rectangular parallelepiped containing outer side header and stretcher faces and internal structural insulating structure made of separated from each other by ceramic walls and bridges rows of through holes, the block has a vertical and horizontal grooves, which are beyond the stretcher bond and bed face to the width of one of the cavities and the thickness of the side face and the vertical risk passing through the center of the stretcher bond side, characterized in that the rows of through cavities are alternately parallel and perpendicular to the bonder faces of the block, in addition, the block in stretcher bond side has full facing layer with a textured surface, imitating brickwork.



 

Same patents:

Leave-in-place form // 2519314

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: leave-in-place form comprises two oppositely arranged slabs, an external one from heat insulation material and an internal one from concrete, attached to each other and forming a space between each other for filling with a fluid material, capable of hardening. The internal slab of concrete is made as reinforced and comprises reinforcing elements of two types, at the same time reinforcing elements of the first type are made as V-shaped in the cross section from bent mesh and are installed in parallel and at the identical distance from each other and provide for placement of reinforcing elements of the second type at the identical distance from each other and fixation parallel to them, and the reinforcing elements of the second type represent spatial reinforcing elements made of three longitudinal rods and two rods bent with a V-shaped zigzag. Bent rods are simultaneously connected by tops to one longitudinal rod, and by other tops - to two other rods with formation of reinforced frames of prismatic shape. Reinforcing elements of the first type are made as protruding from the concrete slab and providing for connection and fixation of the external slab to it, being made of heat insulation material and pierced by glass plastic rods with fixators providing for connection and fixation of a mesh to the rear surface of the slab from heat insulation material, and the mesh is made as capable of connection of reinforcing elements of the first type to it.

EFFECT: simplified usage of this device in performance of construction works, provided by absence of complicated operations in performance of assembly or facing works, no transfer of temperature effects inside a concrete structure, exclusion of local freezing and formation of dew point on steel reinforcement inside concrete.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to erection of engineering structures with a bearing frame in the form of prefabricated composite structures with a shell, slab or shell and slab bulky structure. A composite bearing block of a prefabricated building structure represents a factory-built assembly element in the form of a spatial polyhedron or its fragments with faces of constant, piecewise-constant and alternate thickness, possibly, with through holes in faces for letting through personnel or communications, including concrete, reinforcement, embedded parts in the form of hollow tubular elements forming also through holes in faces, serving to connect bearing blocks to each other or to other structures of the facility with application of closing elements inserted in process of installation into coaxially arranged embedded hollow elements of touching faces. The block is made with closed or with opened cavities limited by diaphragms or protruding ribs, with opened, fully or partially closed one- and multi-link transverse cross sections or in the form of fragments, at least from one thick-walled shell or slab, and surfaces of external faces, internal cavities, ribs and diaphragms are given geometric shapes from a combination of flat, curvilinear or spherical surfaces, and also it has such geometric dimensions of connecting holes and such coordinates of location of such holes in joined blocks, which as a result of assembly provide for formation of a prefabricated building structure with required dimensions and specified spatial bulky structure of bearing faces, cavities and channels, and embedded tubular elements of faces are rigidly connected to additional reinforcement embedded parts, attached to them at the external side and embedded into concrete in process of factory manufacturing of a bearing block in a curb. Also the field connection of such blocks is described.

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FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: provision of reliable fixation of facing boards and preservation of parameters of a slab-to-slab gap when filled with concrete and other fillers.

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FIELD: building materials, particularly building units used for building wall erection.

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6 cl, 1 tbl, 10 dwg

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9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings.

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EFFECT: increased quality and productivity.

3 cl, 2 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: provision of reliable waterproofing connection of end joints in building under construction and attractive appearance of front part of building.

4 cl, 3 dwg

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