Bracket for attachment of profiles

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: bracket for attachment of profiles includes a rear wall with holes for attachment of a bracket and L-shaped plates, the first flanges of which are intended for attachment of profiles; with that, the second flanges of plates are directed from bracket symmetry axis. Flanges perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall are cut out and bent in the central part of the rear wall in the direction of profiles; with that, the second flanges of plates are located parallel to the rear wall on its reverse side. The face side of the rear wall faces to the direction of the profiles, and the first flanges of plates are located parallel to flanges of the rear wall and rigidly attached to them. Ribs of angles formed with the plane and the flanges of the rear wall are located in internal corners of the plates; besides, on the second flanges of the plates there are holes coinciding with holes for fixation of the bracket on the rear wall.

EFFECT: reduction of metal consumption; increase of load-carrying capacity and improvement of reliability of the bracket.

19 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, and is intended for mounting profiles hinged facade systems.

Known construction brackets for mounting profiles hinged facade systems (utility model certificate on RF: 40066, CL E04F 13/08; 77312, CL E04F 13/08; 69115, CL E04F 13/08; 14235, E04F 13/08)containing the plate G-shaped. Plate bracket has holes for mounting profiles placed on the first shelf plate, and holes for mounting bracket placed on the second shelf plate forming the rear wall of the bracket. The disadvantages of such brackets due to their asymmetric shape. Holes for attaching the bracket is offset from the axis of the cantilever part of the plate and are located asymmetrically relative to the axis. When exposed to the bracket loads along the axis of the cantilever part of the plate load is transmitted to the fastening element with the formation of torque and leads to the loss of stability of the mount bracket - wall. This reduces the reliability of the brackets. In section brackets there are additional voltage due to the offset location of the mounting brackets relative to the axis of load application to the console part of the plate. To compensate for these stresses it is necessary to increase the cross-sectional area of the plate, which for example its thickness, that increases the intensity of such products.

At the location of the cantilever part of the plate vertically or horizontally consider the brackets have a relatively low load capacity and reliability when exposed respectively horizontal or vertical loads, which also leads to an increase of metal such products because of the need to increase the sectional area of the plate, for example, by increasing the thickness of the plate. The increase in the thickness of the plate increases the radius of bending of the plate, and consequently increase the width of the rear wall and to the displacement of the seat mounting bracket from the axis of the cantilever part of the plate, and means to limit the load capacity of the brackets.

In addition, the plate such brackets, generally has the same thickness (cross-sectional area) in the cantilever part and in the rear. When loading brackets tension in the back more than the cantilever part. To provide the required load capacity of the bracket is selected thickness (cross-sectional area) of the plate in accordance with the voltages in the rear of the bracket. While the console part of the plate remains underutilized, i.e. excessive intensity of the cantilever part of the plate. Thus, in the brackets has noptimal the utilization of material, and, consequently, increases their value.

Also known construction brackets (utility model certificate on RF: 80480, CL E04F 13/08; 60555, CL E04F 13/08), containing the U-shaped plate, console parts which made holes for mounting profiles hinged facade system, and on the Central shelf plate forming the rear wall of the bracket, with holes for the mounting bracket. The width of the rear wall of such brackets is determined by the width of the profiles of hinged facade system and cannot be optimized with respect to the length of the cantilever part (the length of the cantilever part can have different values depending on the desired departure hinged facade systems from the walls of the building). Therefore, these brackets have a limited load capacity.

In addition, these brackets have a limited load capacity for vertical placement of the cantilever part and the horizontal impact loads, since the distance from the center of the hole on the back wall to the base of the cantilever part, as a rule, less than the distance from the back wall to the center of the holes on the cantilever part. The distance from the center of the hole on the back wall to the base of the cantilever part of the constant is determined by the width of the profiles hinged facade system. All this leads to the necessity of increasing the thickness (PLO the ADI-section) of the plate to provide the required bearing capacity of the brackets, i.e. to increase the metal content of such products. With the same thickness (cross-sectional) of the material in the cantilever part and in the rear wall and at a loading bracket vertical load of the cantilever part of the plate remains underutilized, i.e. excessive intensity of the cantilever part of the plate, resulting in a relative increase in the cost bracket. In addition, the number of seats mounting brackets are limited due to the limited width of the back wall, which also limits the load carrying capacity and reliability. Holes for mounting brackets are located between the cantilever parts and far from their ends, which degrades their performance because of the difficulty in mounting brackets, and if necessary, adjust the location of the bracket on the wall.

The closest to the invention is a bracket for mounting profiles (a utility model certificate of the Russian Federation 8722, CL EV 3/54)containing a back wall with holes for the mounting bracket and plate, l-shaped, first shelves which are designed for mounting profiles, while the second shelf plate directed away from the axis of symmetry of the bracket.

Plate G-shaped rigidly interconnected with additional plates, for example, by welding and the second shelves rigidly p is trapline to the intermediate element, made in the form of a plate and which is the rear wall of the bracket. On the intermediate element is made holes for the mounting bracket.

When loading such a bracket vertical or horizontal load applied to the cantilever part of the l-shaped plates, the load is transferred to their second shelf and through the fasteners to the intermediate element. On the shelves of l-shaped plates, and the plate of the intermediate element in the clamping bracket having a voltage proportional to the load applied to the cantilever part of the plates. The thickness (cross-sectional area) of l-shaped plates and the intermediate plate element is selected from the conditions for allowable stress values. The intermediate plate element the highest stresses occur in areas of the mounting bracket. In the middle part of the intermediate element and the bracket turns out excess metal, which leads to higher prices of such products. The actual presence of the bracket intermediate element in the known device does not increase the load capacity of the bracket and is costly.

Thus, the bracket has a excessive intensity and limited load capacity and reliability.

The aim of the invention is the reduction of the metal is emkosti, increasing the carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket.

To achieve this goal in the bracket for mounting the profiles containing the rear wall with the holes for the mounting bracket and plate, l-shaped, first shelves which are designed for mounting profiles, while the second shelf plate directed away from the axis of symmetry of the bracket, in the Central part of the rear wall of the cut and bent in the direction of the profiles of the shelf perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall, and the second shelf plate parallel to the back wall with its back side, with the front side of the rear wall facing in the direction of the profiles, and the first shelf plates are parallel to the shelves of the back wall and rigidly connected with them, moreover, the edges of the angles formed by the plane of the shelves and the rear wall, are located in the inner corners of the plates, in addition, on the second shelf plates with holes coinciding with the holes for the mounting bracket on the back wall.

Shelf back wall of the cut and bent in such a way that in the Central part of the rear wall formed by the two Windows are located symmetrically relative to the symmetry axis of the bracket and separated by a strip lying in the plane of the rear wall.

In the bracket, as a variant, there may be additional plate, and in the band, once alausa window in the back wall, made extra holes for mounting bracket, with an additional plate has holes and is parallel to the strip dividing the window in the back wall, with its back side, with the additional holes in the plate align with the holes in the strip dividing the window in the back wall.

On the back wall in the direction of the profiles are made flanging, the plane of which is perpendicular to the plane of the first shelf plate G-shaped.

In the bracket, alternatively, can be entered corners, installed in the internal angles formed by the plane of the shelves and the rear wall, when the first shelf corners of parallel shelves back wall and rigidly connected with them, and the second shelf corners parallel to the front side of the rear wall and have holes coinciding with the holes for the mounting bracket on the back wall.

The first shelf plate G-shaped consist of movable and fixed parts, while the stationary part of the first shelf connected with the second shelf plate, and the movable part of the first shelf is designed for mounting profiles.

Movable and/or fixed portion of the first shelf plate G-shaped form made by flanging to move the movable part along the length of the fixed portion of the first shelf plate.

The first shelf plate l-shaped Fort is s have limb plane which is parallel to the profile.

The moving parts of the first shelf plate l-shaped forms have the limb plane which is parallel to the profile.

The first and/or second shelf plate G-shaped and/or the rear wall, and/or its shelves have ribs, and the ribs on the first shelf plates are located along the symmetry axis of the bracket.

Ribs on the shelves plates coincide with the ribs on the back wall and shelves.

Ribs on the second shelf plates are a continuation of the ribs on the first shelf plate.

The bracket can be inserted U-shaped profile, the middle shelf is placed in the Central part of the rear wall with its back side and is in the same plane with the second shelves plates G-shaped, with extreme shelf U-shaped profile parallel to the first shelf plate D-shaped shelves and the rear wall and is rigidly connected with them.

In the middle shelf of the U-shaped profile with holes for mounting bracket. Extreme shelf U-shaped profile, shelf rear wall and the first shelf plate G-shaped have matching ribs.

The bracket can be introduced one or two pads, the Central shelf which is made with the limb parallel to the rear wall and having a hole at back the Oia, coinciding with the holes for the mounting bracket on the rear wall, and a Central shelf perpendicular to the rear wall and the first regiments of the plates G-shaped, in addition to the Central shelf has a limb that is parallel to the first shelf plate G-shaped and tightly placed between them, with the limb parallel to the rear wall, is placed with its front side.

The Central limb of the shelf plates are rigidly connected to the first regiments of the plates G-shaped and/or shelves for the back wall.

The rigid connection may be by welding or riveting.

Ribs can be in the form of molds and/or flanging.

The invention is illustrated by drawings. Figure 1 shows an example of using the bracket profile hinged facade system, figure 2 shows a General view of the bracket, figure 3 shows the design of the bracket, figure 4 shows the movable and stationary parts of the plates G-shaped bracket, figure 5 shows a bracket with lining.

Bracket 1 (Fig 1) for fixing profile 2 hinged facade system to a building wall 3 includes a back wall 4 (figure 2) with holes 5 for the mounting bracket 1 and the plates 6, l-shaped, the first shelf 7 which are intended for fastening of profile 2 (figure 1). This second shelf 8 (3) of the plates 6 are directed from the axis of the SIM is etrie 9 of the bracket. In the Central part of the rear wall 4 of the cut and bent in the direction of profile 2 (figure 1) shelf 10, perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall 4 (figure 2, figure 3). The second shelf 8 plates 6 are parallel to the rear wall 4 of the back, while the front side 11 of the rear wall 4 facing in the direction of profile 2 (figure 1). The first shelf 7 (3) of the plates 6 are parallel shelves 10 in the rear wall 4 and is rigidly connected with them, for example, by rivets 12. The edges of the angles formed by the plane and shelves 10 in the rear wall 4, are located in the inner corners of the plates 6. In addition, on the second shelf 8 plates 6 holes coinciding with the holes 5 for the mounting bracket on the rear wall 4.

When you bracket design is optimised material in the rear wall 4 (figure 2). In the Central part of the rear wall 4, is experiencing a lower voltage when the loading of the bracket 1 (Fig 1) with side profiles 2, cut and bent shelves 10 (figure 2). When the loading of the bracket 1 (Fig 1) with side profiles 2 highest stresses occur at the sites of attachment (part of the rear wall 4 with holes 5 in figure 2 and second shelves 8 plates 6) and near the base of the shelves 7 (3) of the plates 6. However, the proposed design of the bracket in these areas the cross-sectional area (equivalent thickness) is increased due to ill is someone compounds (for example, with the help of rivets 12) shelves 10 in the rear wall 4 with the first regiments of the 7 plates 6, and a rigid connection of the second shelves 8 of the plate 6 against the rear wall 4 places mounting bracket 1 (Fig 1) to a building wall 3, as the holes on the second shelf 8 (3) of the plates 6 coincide with apertures 5 for the mounting bracket on the rear wall 4. Thus, in places of the greatest stresses in the bracket increased cross-sectional area without additional material by using material from underloaded region of the bracket. This allows you to increase the carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket and reduce its intensity. In addition, when the hard compound rear wall 4 (Fig 3) and the shelves 7 and 8 plates 6 load from profile 2 (figure 1) on the bracket 1 is redistributed between the first regiments of the 7 plates 6 and shelves 10 in the rear wall 4, and between the second shelves 8 of the plate 6 and the rear wall 4 places mounting bracket through the holes 5. All this allows, by optimizing the thickness of the rear wall 4 and plate 6, to provide the maximum reduction of metal bracket given him loads and to increase the bearing capacity and reliability with a minimum of metal bracket.

Shelves 10 (3) of the rear wall 4 can be cut and bent in such a way that in the Central part of the rear wall 4 is formed of two boxes is 13 and 14, they are located symmetrically relative to the axis of symmetry 9 of the bracket and separated by a strip 15, which lies in the plane of the rear wall 4.

In this implementation shelves 10 in the rear wall 4 there is a possibility for optimizing the dimensions of the shelves 10 and reduce the metal bracket and increase its carrying capacity and reliability.

The bracket can be entered an additional plate 16 (Fig 3, variant), and in the band 15. Separating the Windows 13 and 14 in the rear wall 4, made additional holes 17 for the mounting bracket, with an additional plate 16 has holes and is parallel to the strip 15 with its rear side, with the additional holes in the plate 16 align with the holes 17 in the band 15.

In this embodiment, the bracket is recommended to choose the thickness of the additional plate 16 is equal to the thickness of the plates 6. Additional plate 16 and the second shelf 8 plates 6 form a plane, evenly adjacent to a building wall 3 (Fig 1) when attaching the bracket 1 through the additional holes 17 (Fig 3). The presence of the additional bracket holes 17 increases the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket.

On the rear wall 4 (Fig 3) in the direction of profile 2 (figure 1) can be performed flanging 18 (3), the plane of which is perpendicular to the plane of the first shelves 7 plates .

The presence of flanging 18 on the rear wall 4 increases the stiffness and strength of the rear wall 4 and increases the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket without increasing the metal.

The bracket can be entered corners 19 (3), established (indicated by arrows in figure 3) into the internal angles formed by the plane and shelves 10 in the rear wall 4, the first shelf 20 over 19 parallel shelves 10 in the rear wall 4 and is rigidly connected with them (for example, by rivets 12), and the second shelf 21 corners parallel to the front side 11 (1) of the rear wall 4 (Fig 3) and have holes coinciding with the holes 5 for the mounting bracket on the rear wall 4.

This technical solution allows to increase the cross-sectional area (equivalent thickness) in the areas of greatest stress in the bracket 1 when loading from the side profiles 2 and, consequently, to increase the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket. Rigid connection parts 19 (3), a back wall 4 and shelves 7 and 8 plates 6 leads to a redistribution between them load from profile 2 (figure 1) on the bracket 1. This allows optimizing the thickness of the corners 19 and the rear wall 4 and plate 6, to provide a high load capacity and reliability with a minimum of metal bracket, as well as reduce the metal bracket under given him loads.

In the first bracket of the shelf 7 (2) of the plates 6 may be made from mobile 22 (figure 4) and 23 fixed parts, with fixed 23 part one shelf 7 is connected with the second shelf 8 plates 6 (Fig 3), and 22 mobile part (4) of the first shelf 7 is intended for fastening of profile 2 (figure 1).

Moving 22 (figure 4) and/or 23 fixed part of the first shelves 7 plates G-shape can be made by flanging 24 to 22 of the movable part along the length of the fixed 23 part of the first shelves 7 plates.

This embodiment of a bracket for easy mounting of profile 2 (figure 1) and hinged facade system as a whole in the wall 3, as it allows to precisely set the plane profile 2 (planar façade system in General) regardless of the unevenness of the wall of building 3 by moving the movable 22 of the first shelf 7 (4) 23 along a stationary part. Moving the movable 22 of the first shelf 7 23 along a stationary part may be provided, for example, by flanging 24. The alignment of the plane of the facade system occurs without application of any additional loads to the bracket, and thus its high reliability and load capacity.

The first shelf 7 (figure 4) plates G-shape can have limb 25. Plane which is parallel to the profile 2 (figure 1).

When the hinged mounting aadnoy system profiles 2 set up the stops in the limb 25 (figure 4) on the first 7 shelves (or on their mobile parts (22) of the plates G-shaped and are attached to the first shelves 7 these plates, for example, with rivets. If the first shelf 7 is composed of a movable 22 and 23 fixed parts, then after that there is alignment to the plane of the profile 2 (figure 1) and the plane of the facade system, then moving 22 (figure 4) and 23 fixed side shelves 7 plates G-shape are fixed (bonded) to each other, for example, with rivets. This embodiment of the bracket accelerates the process of mounting profile 2 (figure 1) and hinged facade system as a whole.

The first 7 (3) and/or the second 8 of the shelf plates 6 and/or the rear wall 4 and/or its shelves 10 can have ribs (respectively 26 and/or 27 and/or 28 and/or 29), and the ribs 26 on the first shelves 7 plates 6 are located along the axis of symmetry 9 of the bracket.

The presence of the ribs 26, 27, 28, 29 increases the stiffness and strength, respectively, of the first shelves 7 plates 6, their second shelves 8, a back wall 4, its shelves 10. This increases load-carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket without increasing the metal.

Ribs 26 and 27 on the shelves 7 and 8 of the plate 6 is recommended so that they match (as shown in figure 2 and 3) with ribs on the back wall 28 and the shelves 10, respectively.

This embodiment of the ribs allows the most effective way to improve the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket without increasing the metal.

No less effectively perform ribs 27 (Fig 3) on the second shelf 8 of the plate 6 so that they were an extension of the ribs 26 on the first shelves 7 plates 6.

This embodiment of the ribs not only increases the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket without increasing the metal, but is also the most technologically advanced solution for the manufacture of the bracket.

The bracket can be inserted U-shaped profile 30 (2), middle shelf 31 (figure 3) which is placed in the Central part of the rear wall 4 with its back side and is in the same plane with the second shelves 8 plates 6, l-shaped, with extreme shelves 32 P-shaped profile 30 (2) parallel to the first shelves 7 (3) of the plates 6 D-shaped shelves and 10 in the rear wall 4, and is rigidly connected with them (for example, by means of rivets 12).

This technical solution allows to increase the cross-sectional area (equivalent thickness) near the base of the shelves 7 plates 6, i.e. at the point of maximum stress in the bracket 1 (Fig 1) when loading from the side profile 2. In addition, when a rigid connection at the shelves 32 of the profile 30, the first of shelves 7 plates 6 and shelves 10 in the rear wall 4 load from profile 2 (figure 1) on the first shelf 7 (3) of the wafer 6 is transferred between the middle shelf 31 profile 30 and the attachment bracket (frequent is the rear wall 4 with holes 5 and the second shelf 8 plates 6). This allows you to increase the carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket. By optimizing the thickness of the plates 6, profile 30 and the rear wall 4 to provide the maximum increase in the carrying capacity and reliability with a minimum of metal bracket.

In many practical cases it is recommended to choose the thickness of the profile 30 is equal to the thickness of the plates 6 to ensure uniform adhesion of the bracket 1 (Fig 1) to a building wall 3.

In the middle shelf 31 (3) U-shaped profile 30 can be made holes for the mounting bracket. In this case it is recommended to choose the thickness of the profile 30 is equal to the thickness of the plates 6. The average shelf 31 profile 30 and the second shelf 8 plates 6 form a plane, evenly adjacent to a building wall 3 (Fig 1) when attaching the bracket 1. If the Central part of the rear wall 4 of the strip 15, separating the Windows 13 and 14, the holes in the middle shelf 31 profile 30 for attaching the bracket align with the holes 17 in the band 15.

Holes for mounting the bracket in the middle shelf 31 profile 30 increase the carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket.

Extreme shelves 32 (figure 3) profile 30 (figure 2) may have ribs 33, coinciding with the ribs 26 and 29 respectively on the first shelves 7 plates 6 and on the shelves 10 in the rear wall 4.

The presence of the ribs 26, 29, 33 increases as tcost and strength, respectively, of the first shelves 7 plates 6, shelves 10 in the rear wall 4 and the outer shelves 32 of the profile 30. This increases load-carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket without increasing the metal.

The bracket can be introduced one or two pads 34 (figure 5), the Central shelf 35 which is made with the limb 36 parallel to the rear wall 4 and having apertures 37, coinciding with apertures 5 for the mounting bracket on the rear wall 4. Moreover, the Central shelf 35 is perpendicular to the rear wall 4 and the first shelves 7 plates 6 G-shaped. In addition, the Central shelf 35 has a limb 38, parallel to the first shelves 7 plates 6 and tightly placed between them. When this limb 36 parallel to the rear wall 4, is placed with its front side 11 (Fig 1).

The number (one or two) plates 34 (figure 5) is determined depending on the loads acting on the bracket, according to the results of static analysis. Pads 34 improve the stability of the bracket in the lateral (horizontal) loads on it. It provides a dense placement of the limb 38 of the Central shelf 35 between the first regiments of the 7 plates 6, which prevents the movement of the shelves 7 of the plate 6 when the lateral loads on the bracket. This increases load-carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket. In addition, the pads 34 are rigidly connected with the rear wall 4 places mounting bracket through the holes 5 of the rear wall 4 and the holes 37 in the limb 36 of the Central shelf 35 and thereby strengthen the rear wall 4 and increase the carrying capacity and reliability of the bracket. Thus the edge between the Central shelf 35 and limb 36 in rigid connection pads 34 and rear wall 4 also strengthens the rear wall 4 and increases the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket.

Limb 38 and 36 (figure 5) Central shelf 35 pads 34 may be rigidly connected (e.g., with rivets) with the first regiments of the 7 plates 6 (limb 38) and/or shelves 10 in the rear wall 4.

This embodiment of the bracket design effectively increases the resistance of the bracket, and its carrying capacity and reliability.

In the above structures of the bracket is the most technologically advanced ribs run in the form of molds and/or flanging. A rigid connection is recommended by welding or riveting.

Thus, the invention allows to reduce the intensity, increase the bearing capacity and reliability of the bracket.

1. Bracket for mounting profiles containing a back wall with holes for the mounting bracket and plate, l-shaped, first shelves which are designed for mounting profiles, while the second shelf plate directed away from the axis of symmetry of the bracket, characterized in that the Central part of the rear wall of the cut and bent in the direction of the profile shelf, perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall, and the second shelf plates are pair is parallel to the rear wall with its back side, while the front side of the rear wall facing in the direction of the profiles, and the first shelf plates are parallel to the shelves of the back wall and rigidly connected with them, and the edges of the angles formed by the plane of the shelves and the rear wall, are located in the inner corners of the plates, in addition, on the second shelf plates with holes coinciding with the holes for the mounting bracket on the back wall.

2. The bracket according to claim 1, characterized in that the shelf back wall of the cut and bent in such a way that in the Central part of the rear wall formed by the two Windows are located symmetrically relative to the symmetry axis of the bracket and separated by a strip lying in the plane of the rear wall.

3. The bracket according to claim 2, characterized in that it introduced an extra plate and the strip dividing the window in the back wall, made additional holes for the mounting bracket, with an additional plate has holes and is parallel to the strip dividing the window in the back wall, with its back side, with the additional holes in the plate align with the holes in the strip dividing the window in the back wall.

4. The bracket according to claim 1, characterized in that at the rear in the direction of the profiles are made flanging, the plane of which is perpendicular to the plane of the first shelf plate is shaped.

5. The bracket according to claim 1, characterized in that it introduced the parts installed in the internal angles formed by the plane of the shelves and the rear wall, when the first shelf corners of parallel shelves back wall and rigidly connected with them, and the second shelf corners parallel to the front side of the rear wall and have holes coinciding with the holes for the mounting bracket on the back wall.

6. The bracket according to claim 1. characterized in that the first shelf plate G-shaped consist of movable and fixed parts, while the stationary part of the first shelf connected with the second shelf plate, and the movable part of the first shelf is designed for mounting profiles.

7. The bracket according to claim 6, characterized in that the movable and/or fixed portion of the first shelf plate G-shaped form made by flanging to move the movable part along the length of the fixed portion of the first shelf plate.

8. The bracket according to claim 1, characterized in that the first shelf plate l-shaped forms have the limb plane which is parallel to the profile.

9. The bracket according to claim 6, characterized in that the movable parts of the first shelf plate l-shaped forms have the limb plane which is parallel to the profile.

10. The bracket according to claim 1, characterized in that the first and/or second shelf plate G-shaped and/or the rear wall and/or its polkemmet ribs, moreover, the ribs on the first shelf plates are located along the symmetry axis of the bracket.

11. The bracket of claim 10, wherein the ribs on the shelves plates coincide with the ribs on the back wall and shelves.

12. The bracket of claim 10, wherein the ribs on the second shelf plates are a continuation of the ribs on the first shelf plate.

13. The bracket according to any one of claims 1 to, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, characterized in that it introduced the U-shaped profile, the middle shelf is placed in the Central part of the rear wall with its back side and is in the same plane with the second shelves plates G-shaped, with extreme shelf U-shaped profile parallel to the first shelf plate D-shaped shelves and the rear wall and is rigidly connected with them.

14. The bracket according to item 13, characterized in that the middle shelf of the U-shaped profile with holes for mounting bracket.

15. The bracket according to item 13, wherein the at shelf U-shaped profile, shelf rear wall and the first shelf plate G-shaped have matching ribs.

16. The bracket according to any one of claims 1 to 12, 14, 15, characterized in that it introduced one or two pads, the Central shelf which is made with the limb parallel to the rear wall and having openings match what s with the holes for the mounting bracket on the rear wall, moreover, the Central shelf perpendicular to the rear wall and the first regiments of the plates G-shaped, in addition, the Central shelf has a limb that is parallel to the first shelf plate G-shaped and tightly placed between them, with the limb parallel to the rear wall, is placed with its front side.

17. The bracket according to item 13, characterized in that it introduced one or two pads, the Central shelf which is made with the limb parallel to the rear wall and having holes coinciding with the holes for the mounting bracket on the rear wall, and a Central shelf perpendicular to the rear wall and the first regiments of the plates G-shaped, in addition, the Central shelf has a limb that is parallel to the first shelf plate G-shaped and tightly placed between them, with the limb parallel to the rear wall, is placed with its front side.

18. Bracket for P16, characterized in that the Central limb of the shelf plates are rigidly connected to the first regiments of the plates G-shaped and/or shelves for the back wall.

19. Bracket for 17, characterized in that the Central limb of the shelf plates are rigidly connected to the first regiments of the plates G-shaped and/or shelves for the back wall.



 

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2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: set for fixation of a vertical bearing profile of a suspended facade system comprises upper and lower units of fixation, every of which includes a support part fixed motionlessly on the faced surface and a cantilever stand fixed with it. The vertical bearing profile is fixed on the free end of the stand. In the upper unit of fixation the support part and the vertical bearing profile are connected with the cantilever stand as fixed. The cantilever stand of the lower fixation unit is connected with the support part and the vertical bearing profile hingedly as capable of rotation relative to them.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to compensate linear deformations of vertical bearing profiles of a suspended facade system.

2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device for facades to install sheet elements, preferably multiple glass panes, comprising a retaining element and a fixing element, besides, the device has the first position, in which the device makes it possible to place the specified sheet elements into the required position, and the second position, in which the device presses at least a part of the specified sheet element. The device comprises a braking element arranged as capable of preventing displacement of the fixing element relative to the retaining element in the first position, besides, the fixing element is arranged as capable of displacement into the second position by application of an external force.

EFFECT: easier installation of multiple glass panes.

11 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures includes making the main skeleton frame of the structure, a lining net, transparent and opaque mosaics, sealing cords. The net is installed on the frame, ventilation holes are made in the net, as well as openings for windows and doors, cells of the lining net are filled with mosaics, installing transparent mosaics in those areas, where a view is required, and in other areas - a non-transparent one with the selected colour mosaic pattern, sealing cords are installed. The device comprises a net made of a wire rigidly connected in points of contact, and mosaics has locks for fixation on the net and slots for installation of a sealing cord.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify assembly of a structure due to the improved technology of structure elements manufacturing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facade system (1) with an air gap for fixation of fine-sized facing boards comprises at least two guides (2), fixed on appropriate brackets installed on a bearing base; at least two horizontal shapes (3) of "П"-shaped section with two supports (4 and 5) to fix the top (4) and bottom (5) of appropriate fine-sized facing boards (6); fine-sized facing boards (6), containing grooves (7 and 8) on their upper and lower ends for installation into appropriate specified shapes (3); at least one tape (10) for its installation into specified grooves of facing boards; and a cement-containing composition (9), having hydraulic insulation properties.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce weight, develop a ventilated gap, reduce cost and increase heat and hydraulic insulation properties of a building with preservation of appearance of brickwork.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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