Method of production of decorative paper, and decorative paper
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of manufacturing decorative paper, and also to the decorative paper. The method of manufacturing the decorative paper comprises printing decoration on paper; applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion, and after applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion on paper the resin is applied with sealing. The decorative paper comprises at least one core, a printed layer and the aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion entered into the core, at that the paper is saturated with amino-plastic resins.
EFFECT: creation of decorative paper, which would have increased light-proofness and could be profitably manufactured.
13 cl, 2 dwg, 8 tbl
The invention concerns a method of manufacturing a decorative paper and decorative paper.
Decorative coating, the so-called decorative paper, special paper for finishing surfaces of wood materials. Because of the high requirements to the appearance to the decorative paper is also the most demanding. For optimum printing properties of paper requires a particularly high formation, smoothness and dimensional stability. When processing impregnation with synthetic resin requires its uniform penetration into the paper. Impregnation with subsequent pressing is used primarily to reduce the susceptibility of the surface to mechanical, thermal and chemical loads (e.g., abrasion, scratching, water, solvent, water vapor and solvent vapours).
There is an interest to reduce the ability of paper to absorb the resin. For this, in principle, two ways.
On the one hand, attempts were made to seal the decorative paper and leave it, therefore, smaller cavities which may be filled with resin. This effect has already been indicated, for example, in the preamble to the description in DE 10134302 C1. However, this method has not been widely put into practice.
Known also another way of reducing the ability of the decorative is the first paper to absorb the resin. After fabrication of decorative paper you can coat it with glue. Here on the surface in the "online" or "off-line" applied predominantly acrylate dispersion. Due to this, the surface of the paper partially sealed, and resin worse penetrates into the paper. You can also decrease while the capillary action of the paper fibers.
In particular, the latter method is only applicable for securities that are not sealed. Before printing, you must decide whether to use paper with less ability to absorb resin (saving tar paper) or not.
Here can help invention, which aims at the creation of a method of manufacturing decorative paper, which does not require pre-selection of paper, including "saving tar paper.
According to the invention this problem is solved by a method with the distinctive signs of paragraph 1 of the claims. Due to the fact that on the paper after printing the decoration is painted aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion for the manufacture of decorative paper can be used both traditional and saving tar paper. Accordingly, and in particular, what is new is that configuring savings resin in the here described method occurs after printing and that the use is : aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion. So far, such dispersion is not used when decorating paper. Due to the application after printing increases the flexibility of the printed base paper from the printer. Paper making is always determines the minimum number of appropriate settings. Hence, the minimum withdrawal amount that restrict the ability of the printer.
However, it is known the use of polyurethanes as lacquer systems with or without a printed decor paper. In contrast to the invention it is, however, lucky to which you want to add the hardener. These painted surfaces are a barrier from the environment; the paper is no longer saturated or not finished in any other way, and masked on the materials. This measure here is not provided.
As another preferred side effect of the way also increases the light resistance is made according to the invention a decorative paper. To improve the light fastness of the decorative paper according to the prior art on decorative paper before pressing overlap, for example, overlays, also covered acrylate dispersions. In these measures in the proposed method there is no need.
Other preferred variant of the method followed by, in particular, the features of dependent claims.
Another object of the invention is to create a decorative paper, which would have increased lightfastness and could profitably be made.
According to the invention this problem is solved by means of decorative paper to the distinctive features of paragraph 11 of the claims. Due to the fact that the decorative paper contains at least one core, a printed layer and put in the core of aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion can be created decorative paper, which has a high light fastness and can profitably be produced, since, as the source material of the core can be used as a "saving"and "not saving tar paper.
Other preferred variants of decorative paper followed by, in particular, from the characteristics of the dependent claims.
Other characteristics and advantages of the invention are explained with the help of the following description of preferred examples of its implementation with reference to the accompanying tables and drawings, which represent:
- table. 1-5: the MSDS on Bayhydrol®XP 2606;
- table. 6-8: passport product Bayhydrol®;
- figure 1: a diagram of the way;
- figure 2: schematic cross-section of the decorative the second paper according to the invention.
On the paper with the printed decoration is painted aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion. This may be the product Bayhydrol®XP 2606 company "Bayer" or another comparable product (Bayhydrol is a registered trademark of the firm Bayer AG, 51373 Leverkusen). Polyurethane dispersion decreases capillary action, and polycarbonate causes the adhesion of the dispersion in capillaries, which due to this certain way constrict. Decisive for the further processing of paper pH indicator is set due to the concentration of anions. Aliphati improve the light fastness.
After application is not visible color change of base paper with a printed decor. Thus, the printed product can be manufactured to choose from in the setup savings resin" or "standard" without the need for color matching. The latter is required when using saving tar paper due to a change in absorption of ink when printing.
Aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion, in particular the product Bayhydrol®XP 2606, mixed in a ratio of 25 parts to 75 parts (mass parts) of water and is applied to the seal with a dry mass of about 5 g/m2. These settings are approximate values and may vary for different securities. Application of Khujand is realized or gravure printing through the background of the cylinders in the last printing unit in the "online", either "off-line" other appropriate manner, for example in the coating section.
In tables 1-8, see the safety data sheet and the data sheet for the product aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion, in particular dispersion, distributed under the brand name Bayhydrol®. These are the properties used preferably for the proposed method aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion. It should be noted that we are talking only about the preferred dispersion. In principle, considered, of course, any other aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion.
1 schematically depicts the proposed method.
Figure 2 in schematic cross-section depicted produced offered by way of decorative paper. Basically, it includes a core 1, a printed layer 2, introduced in the core 1 of aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion 3 and, in particular, a resin or entered particles 4 resin.
The proposed method may particularly preferably be used in the following cases as examples.
Special advantages arise from the paint with metallic effect, in particular, the so-called mother-of-pearl colors.
Important aesthete the ical property decors printable mother-of-pearl paints, is owing to this gloss. It greatly depends on the amount deposited pearlescent pearlescent pigments in the paint. In the case of printing pearlescent pigments as a monochrome hue they usually are fixed printed at the top of the mixture as a binder. The number of pigments cannot be increased arbitrarily, since the paper must maintain the ability to impregnation. Too many leads to partial sealing surface, and the resin is not sufficiently penetrates into the paper, which leads to defects impregnation and, thereby, to a too high percentage of marriage. On the other hand, the degree of gloss depends on the fluidity and curing the resin. Too fast curing causes too small brilliance since the resin during the pressing insufficient spreads and takes (brilliant) the structure of the pressing sheet. In the worst case leads to staining, which also leads to marriage.
The proposal to increase gloss and prevention of defects impregnation are described in the publication EP 1361074 B1. Application of the alkaline solution has a positive effect on the fluidity of the resin. However, the substance should be applied separately.
The increase of the degree of gloss can be achieved also due to the fact that the formula for fixation of pigments is amenaide aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion. With respect to the described in paragraph 1 of the claims of the stages of the method, this means that the printing of the decoration on paper (stage i) is carried out containing pearlescent pigments of paint. Then applied to aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion (phase ii).
Compared with EP 1361074 B1 product can be produced with the printing section is smaller, which increases flexibility and reduces costs, such as energy consumption.
The gloss thus obtained surface is very high. If necessary, can be achieved a higher degree of gloss compared with glitter obtained using the steps described in EP 1361074 B1 substances. In addition, the paper becomes less susceptible to variances in the manufacturing process during impregnation and pressing.
Special advantages arise also in connection with so-called flat position.
The problem for further processing of the impregnated paper is that her hand straight. Expert calls this behavior Curling. It arises from the fact that paper can be made fully symmetrical. Asymmetry is enhanced by one-way sealing. In addition, the Curling is also dependent on environmental conditions, especially humidity without the ha premises, which handles paper. Preferably, however, the flat position paper, i.e. a small Curling.
In the prior art specialist there are various ways to reduce Curling. To minimise either the indoor climate is maintained over wet or dry paper before winding or after unwinding moistened with water from the reverse side.
Also in this case can help the proposed method and decorative paper. By applying an aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion on the reverse side of the paper decreases the asymmetry, at least, the paper with the printed decor. In particular, due to dispersion in the paper are also properties such as savings resin and enhanced flexibility.
Special advantages arise also in connection with the so-called opacity.
Decorative paper should be sufficiently opaque to chipboard nothing shone. The opacity depends on the amount of Tio2introduced in the paper. If you want to increase the opacity, then introduce more TiO2. However, this is possible only with simultaneous increase of the density, because the grid paper fibers cannot hold arbitrarily many TiO2. Paper becomes less stable, and its tensile strength is reduced.
Also in this case, due to the proposed method and decorative paper can be achieved benefits. TiO2can be as ink printed on the actual paper. This overprint is sealed by seal from the top of aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion. As a result of its curing after printing increases the breaking strength of paper. At equal density can be paper with high opacity and possessing at the same time, the above-described advantages.
Special advantages arise also in connection with the growth of paper.
In particular, in the manufacture of laminate flooring, the growth of paper during impregnation is the Central theme. Individual panels should have expected width; the tiles must be square. A special requirement is pressed simultaneously with the imprint of the porous structure. In the prior art, it is due to the fact that the growth of the paper web on the basis of absorption of the resin is determined empirically and is recorded in the print data. Fluctuations in behavior with increasing fluctuations of the production process can cause considerable marriage. To ensure balanced growth of the paper, it should be taken from the middle of the paper machine, so that the latter could not be used to the full width as the paper machine can also be twice the width of the processing machine.
T is the train in this case due to the proposed method and decorative paper can be achieved benefits. By applying the appropriate number of aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersions growth of paper can be reduced from the current 1.5 per cent to almost 0. Cured after printing aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion captures the width of the paper. During the impregnation of the paper is no longer growing.
Typically, aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion is applied to the printed side. As shown by the use of "flat position", the application may be preferable also on the reverse side of the paper.
|1. The name of the substance/composition and brand name: Bayhydrol XP 2606|
|Application: binder for coating|
|Bayer MaterialScience AG, HSEQ-PRC (Product Safety)|
|51638 Leverkusen, Germany, phone+49 214 30 25026|
|Fax: +49 214 30 50035, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|In case of emergency: Bayer MaterialScience AG, Bayer (Switzerland) AG|
|Grabenstr. 6, 8045 Zurich, phone: +41 1 465 8111, Fax: +41 1 462 0754|
|Emergency consultation service ("Toch-Zentrum"), phone: +41 1 251 5151|
|2. Composition/information on ingredients|
|With water-dilutable polyurethane dispersion|
|Approximately 35%aqueous solution (neutralized approximately 1,35%|
|the Converter is connected in the form of a salt)|
|5-chloro-2-methyl-3(2H)-isothiazolone and 2-methyl-3(2H)-isothiazolone (3:1)|
|CAS - no. : 55965-B4-9|
|Classification: T R/23/24/25; R34, R43; N R50/53|
|Specific concentration limits:|
|Xi; R 43 = 0,0015%|
|Xi; R 36/38-43 = 0,0600%|
|Xi; R 36/38-43-52/53 = 0,2500%|
|C; R 34-43-52/53 = 0,6000%|
|C, N; R 34-43-51/53 = 2,5000%|
|C, N; R 20/21/22-34-43-51/53 = 3,000%|
|T, N; R 23/24/25-34-43-50/53 = 25,000%|
|3. Possible dangers|
|Not a hazardous product in the sense of "Regulations on hazardous substances"|
|or EU guidelines 67/548/EWG or 1999/45/EC.|
|4. Measures first aid|
|General information: remove contaminated, soaked clothing.|
|By inhalation and/or after swallowing: if respiratory tract irritation|
|or after ingestion of the product to go to the doctor.|
|If on skin: wash with plenty of water with soap|
|(do not allow to dry). In case of skin reactions to go to the doctor.|
|In case of contact: eyes with open eyelids wash enough|
|for a long time (at least 10 minutes), if possible, warm water. Consult an eye specialist.|
|5. Measures in case of fire|
|CO2, foam, extinguishing powder; in the event of a major fire also spray a jet of water.|
|In case of fire is required respiratory protection with independent air supply.|
|6. Measures in case Inom the leakage|
|Use protective equipment (see ch.8), to provide adequate ventilation. Do not let unauthorized persons to prevent the drain.|
|To collect by means of chemical binders, if necessary, using dry sand and store in closed containers.|
|Recycling see p.|
|7. Handling and storage|
|Handling: when handling chemicals observe the usual precautionary measures. When handling and refilling to ensure adequate ventilation, if necessary Blowjob.|
|Storage: keep container dry and tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place.|
|Storage class according to VCI: 12|
|(VCl = Verband der this trade Industrie - Union chemical industries)|
|8. Limitation of exposition and personal protective equipment|
|If for substances listed in Chapter 2, do not specify the limit values of concentration in the air, the limit value is not set.|
|The respiratory protection: respiratory protection is required when handling the insulation.|
|Protection of hands: conditionally suitable materials for protective gloves; DIN EN 374-3|
|Nitrile rubber - NBR: thickness 0.35 mm;|
|Time before breaking down: "only suitable as protection from splashes".|
|Only suitable for short exposures. In case of contamination protective gloves be replaced immediately.|
|Eye protection: wear goggles/face shield.|
|Body protection: wear suitable protective clothing.|
|Measures of protection and hygiene: keep away from food and flavor ingredients. In the breaks and after work wash hands. Work clothes should be kept separately. Heavily soiled or soaked clothing to change.|
|9. Physical and chemical properties|
|Color: whitish turbid|
|Physical and chemical properties (continued)|
|Vapor pressure: 29 hPa at 20°C, the test EG A4|
|125 hPa at 50°C, the test EG A4|
|156 hPa at 55°C, the test EG A4|
|Dynamic viscosity: 58,2 MPa·s at 20°C, test according to DIN 53019, shear rate D=561-1|
|The spreading time: not applicable, thixotropic, test according to DIN ISO 2431|
|Solubility in water: miscible|
|pH indicator: 8,0 (10% in N2Oh)||the|
|Flash point: before boiling temperature flash is missing.|
|Ignition temperature: 425°C, the test according to DIN 51794|
|Notes: these values do not correspond in each case, the specifications for the product. Specification data are given in the technical instructions.|
|10. Stability and reactivity|
|Thermal decomposition: no decomposition during appropriate use.|
|Toxic decomposition products: drying/curing varnish release neutralizer (see chap 2).|
|11. Data on toxicology|
|Toxicological studies of the composition are not available.|
|With proper treatment and compliance with normal occupational health are harmful to health action products of this class of substances is not known and not expected.|
|12. Data on ecology|
|To prevent surface waters, wastewater or soil.|
|Ecotoxicological studies of the composition are not available.|
|3. Disposal considerations|
|Disposal with all applicable international, national and local laws, regulations and provisions.|
|For disposal within the EU should use the appropriate current waste code according to European waste catalogue (EWC).|
|Empty packaging after the final evacuation can be deposited for recycling in points of reception of existing systems return. Disposal should be in accordance with national laws and regulations on the protection of the environment.|
|14. Data on transportation|
|14. Data on transportation (continued)|
|Is not dangerous cargo. Slavophone. Sensitivity to heat ranging from +50°C. Sensitivity to cold starting from +5°C. to Keep separate from food and flavoring products.|
|Does not require labelling according to Decree on hazardous substances" in accordance with EU regulations,|
|Regulations on safety:|
|Flammable liquid, not significant.|
|(up to 31.12.2002 "Regulation on flammable liquids: not subject to the requirements of "Regulation"),|
|To comply with the "Technical rules for flammable liquids".|
|Standard "TA-Luft": in case of application of special methods, for example spraying or spraying when the hightemperature, to test the possible section of this standard.|
|Class vodopadnoy: 1 - slabolepszy (Appendix 4 Regulations for the handling of substances hazardous for water)|
|16. Other data|
|All components of this product are in compliance with legal regulations (Instructions EU Law on chemicals) in EINECS.|
|The text of all Provisions of R, for which references are given in Chapter 2 and 3:|
|R 20/21/22: harmful by inhalation, ingestion and skin contact.|
|R 34: causes burns.|
|R 36/38: irritating to eyes and skin.|
|R 43: possible allergic reactions in the skin.|
|R 50/53: very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause water bodies long-term harmful effects.|
|R 51/53: toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause in reservoirs runs the aspects of the harmful effects of,|
|R 52/53: harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause water bodies long-term harmful effects.|
|This safety data sheet was changed. Reason for changes: change the text (see chap 2, 8, 9, 16).|
|16. Other information (continued)|
|This SDS supersedes all previous editions.|
|Revised and valid since: refer to date of publication.|
|Data based on current knowledge and experience. The MSDS describes the products in respect of safety requirements. Data are not data about the quality, commitments in respect of properties or guarantee.|
Type: aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion does not contain a solvent.
Form and content: approximately 35%aqueous solution, neutralized with N-ethyldiethanolamine (linked in the form of a salt) in a ratio of about 35/64/1.
Application: binding to get with water-dilutable coatings for polymeric substrates and timber materials.
|Non-volatile fraction (1 g/h /125°C/ convection oven)||34-36||wt.%||DIN EN ISO 3251|
|The spreading time (4 mm, 23°C(||12-60||The analysis firm Bayer 2008-1050304|
|*These parameters are preliminary, mandatory tolerances for delivery will be given only in the final memo.|
|The average particle size||20-80||nm|
|The minimum temperature of film formation||approximately 45||°C|
|Viscosity at 23°C D=about 100/s||<100||MPa·s||DIN EN ISO3219/A3|
|Hardness according to Koenig pendulum||about 140||DIN 53157|
|Tensile strength||around 28||N/mm2||DIN 53455|
|Breaking elongation||180||%||DIN 53455|
Solubility/solubility in water/water
Properties/use: this product was specially developed for coating polymeric substrates. In addition to applying for coating PVC flooring spanning the shows on a large number of polymeric substrates high-profile properties, so you can use as a filler and coating of lacquer (one - and two-component). Also you can use it for coating of wood and furniture.
Bayhydrol®XP 2606 gives coatings with high resistance to chemicals and weather resistance, additionally different viscoelastic profile of properties.
There are very good opportunities combined with polyester, polyurethane and acrylate dispersions, but in each case you want to check. The possible combinations with water UV systems. In addition, there is the possibility of additional curing, for example, a composition of Bayhydur® XP 2570, to improve durability. Mixing ratio of the basic lacquer with hardener is typically 10:1.
For the film formation Bayhydrol®XP 2606 requires colesterolo funds. Good results have been obtained with mixtures butylglycol/butyldiglycol/Dowanol®TPnB(0,6:0,6:3,8).
Stability in storage: the product is stable when stored for approximately 6 months in sealed original containers at temperatures above freezing temperature and at a maximum temperature of 40°C.
Security. Possible danger: not a hazardous product in the sense of "Regulations on hazardous substances" or EU guidelines 67/548/EWG or 1999/45/EC.
Ledue is to take into account the safety data sheet. It contains, including data on labelling, transportation and storage, as well as information about the handling, product safety and ecology.
Important note: we are talking about experienced the product, the final conclusion of which is missing. Therefore, the manufacturer cannot assume a guarantee on the behavior of the product during processing and use.
1. Method of making decorative paper, characterized in that it comprises the following stages:
i) printing a decoration on paper;
ii) application of aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion, and after application of aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersions for paper printing is applied resin.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that by applying an aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersions paper has a pH value 7-7,2.
3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the aliphatic, polycarbonatea, anionic polyurethane dispersion, in particular the product Bayhydrol®XP 2606, mixed in a ratio of 25 parts to 75 parts of water.
4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion, in particular the product Bayhydrol®XP 2606, put on a seal with a dry mass of about 5 g/m2.
5. The method according to p., characterized in that the aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion is applied gravure printing through the background of the cylinder, in particular in the last printing unit in "online" or "off-line".
6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion is applied in the coating section.
7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the paper seal paint with metallic effect, in particular pearlescent paint.
8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion is applied in a non-printing layer side of the paper.
9. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the paper print decor TiO2-containing paint.
10. Decorative paper comprising at least one core (1), a printed layer (2) and introduced into the core (1) aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion, the paper is saturated aminoplastic resins (4).
11. The paper of claim 10, characterized in that it is manufactured by the method according to any one of claims 1 to 9.
12. The paper of claim 10, wherein the printed layer is formed containing a pearl pigment or Tio2-containing paint.
13. The paper of claim 10, characterized in that the core (1) is grown on the printed layer (2) side provided with a layer of aliphatic, polycarbonatediol, anionic polyurethane dispersion.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for panel fixation, providing for fixation of the panel on a support with two fastening grooves at the opposite sides, which during installation of the panel are located oppositely to the device of panel fixation, comprising two primary ledges, which are adapted to cover two lateral opposite sides of the support; at the same time each primary ledge comprises a secondary ledge transversely directed inside, capable of being installed into one of appropriate grooves of the support or being located behind it. One or several such elements as the panel, primary or secondary ledges, are flexible or resilient, therefore secondary ledges under action of the bending force may be elastically removed or stretched from opposite lateral sides of the support, and upon termination of the bending force action, are able to engage with the appropriate groove.
EFFECT: improved reliability.
15 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building board with main part with porous surface and paper web applied thereon. Building board with main part 10 with porous surface and paper web 14 applied thereon above mid layer of cured binder 36. Note here that said binder penetrates in said paper web. Note also that said paper web 14 comprises primer layer 34 coating aforesaid binder penetrating through web 14 to adhere paper web to coloring fluid 38. Said fluid may be applied with the help of programmed printing process, in particular, jet printing, on paper web surface located above said main part 10 and provided with primer layer 34.
EFFECT: building board with pattern made thereon, lower costs.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative paper using powders of aminoplast resins and/or phenol plastic resins and/or mixes thereof, of their mixes with additives. Proposed method comprises producing the composition for processing and applying it on substrate. Note here that processing composition represents a dry powder mix containing one polymer resin powder and/or mix of powders that can interact to form one polymer resin. Note also that said composition comprises additional heating either before or after application on the substrate to melt partially the polymer resin and/or melt and to subject said reagents to polymerisation/cross-linking. Note also that proposed method differs in that said composition represents a dry solid composition, Note that said polymer resin represents one or more amine and/or phenol resin or mix thereof.
EFFECT: perfected process.
16 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises the steps that follow. Making the multiple first layers (1a, 1b, 1c, 1d) of impregnated cellulose fibres. Making the multiple second layers (2a, 2b, 2c, 2d) of impregnated cellulose fibres. Making the wood chipboard (3). Making the set (4) of layers with top facing layer (4a) including first layers (1a, 1b, 1c. 1d) of cellulose fibres with central board (4b) abutting on top facing layer (4a) by its top surface (4b.1) including chipboard (3) and bottom facing layer (4c) abutting on bottom surface (4b.2) of central boars (4b) including second layers (2a, 2b, 2c, 2d) of cellulose fibres. Note here that top facing layer (4a) and/or bottom facing layer (4c) is made so that after escaping out of hot press (5) it features thickness of at least 2 mm. Displacement of said set (4) of layer in hot press (5). Pressing of said set (4) of layer in hot press (5) at increased pressing force and temperature for making multilayer board (6) and discharging said board (6) from hot press (5).
EFFECT: lower products costs.
18 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative articles using amber and amber production wastes as filler and may be used for making decorative construction boards. Proposed method comprises preparation of filler, binder and mould, filling said binder in mould, curing it, extracting the article and drying to condition. Note here that article is cured at pressure to complete hardening. Note also that filler is the first to be filled in said mould, then binder is poured therein. Note that in pouring the binder absolute pressure is kept in said mould not exceeding 30 kPa. Note that pouring is carried out from below while, after pouring, absoluter pressure of up to 100-300 kPa is created to complete hardening. Note that pressure feed moment is selected to make binder viscosity be increased by not over 30% at said moment. After extraction, the articled is sliced into thin plates.
EFFECT: reduced labor input.
4 cl, 4 ex, 4 tbl
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to surface decoration, particularly, to set for surface decoration, to painted coat and method of surface decoration. Proposed set comprises PVC-based surface coating to be painted covered by protective varnish based of polyurethane polymer cross-linked by UV radiation, and encased acrylo-urethane paint.
EFFECT: simple process, better spraying capacity and strength, wide range of colours and ornamental patters.
15 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative laminated board and to method of its production. Method comprises the following stages. Preparing the board of fibrous or chip material, coating the board on, at least, one side with liquid glue hardened by pressure and/or heat. Building up of decorative layer not impregnated with resin on glue layer. Applying thermoplastic or liquid cover material o decorative layer. Pressing and heating laminar structure thus made to form surface structure of cover layer.
EFFECT: simple and efficiency process.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method and device for refining particle board. Method of refining particle board 2 with decorative finish on one of its sides comprises the following steps. (a) Cleaning particle board top and bottom surfaces. (b) Applying first top layer of pitch containing corundum particles on top surface and first bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (c) Drying top and bottom first layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (d) Applying second top layer of pitch containing cellulose on top surface and second bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (e) Drying top and bottom second layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (f) Applying third top layer of pitch containing glass particles on top surface and third bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (g) Drying third said layers to residual moisture content of 3%-6%, and (h) compacting layered structure at pressure and temperature.
EFFECT: perfected procedure.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of floor boards. Proposed method comprises the following stages: making large-size rectangular board (1, 2, 3, 4) with tope side having, at least, set of long panel decors (D1.1, D1.2, D1.3, D1.4; D2.1, D2.2, D2.3, D2.4, D2.5, D2.6; D3.1, D3.2, D3.3, D3.4, D3.5, D3.6; D4.1, D4.2, D4.3, D4.4, D4.5, D4.6). Note here that every said decor has its direction and extends parallel with one board edge while kevery set has, in the first extreme area perpendicular to decor direction and along one board edge, one straight segment of panel decor (http://Al.ll11, A1.31; A2.32, A2.42; A3.12, A3.22; A4.12, A4.32, A4.52) to be combined with second segment of panel decor (A1.22, A1.42; A2.51, A2.61; A3.32, A3.42, A3.52, A3.62, A3.51, A3.61; A4.22, A4.62) in the same first extreme area and/of in opposite extreme area of this set of panel decors located opposite the first segment of panel decor perpendicular to direction of shifted panel decor (D1.2, D1.4; D2.5, D2.6; D3.3, D3.4, D3.5, D3.6; D4.2, D4.4, D4.6); dividing large-size board (1, 2, 3, 4) into separate panels with one of said panel decors (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4; 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6; 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4; 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6); shaping lengthwise and crosswise edges of appropriate panels and making inclined surfaces by scarfing lengthwise edges on decorated side of finished panel and second transverse edge not intended for making continuous decor.
EFFECT: higher quality.
20 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to material workpiece and workpiece processing press plate. Material workpiece comprises, at least, one substrate central layer and decorative layer made on, at least, one side of substrate layer. Decorative layer is arranged on both sides of workpiece to allow precise embossing. Note here that structures on workpiece both sides are accurately leveled.
EFFECT: higher quality.
11 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: decorative art.
SUBSTANCE: for simplification of the method the relief is produced by sticking of deceptive material over the contour of the applied image, and the required amount of plastic compound is applied by small sections uniformly on the image surface sections that a free of deceptive material.
EFFECT: simplified procedure.
FIELD: construction industry; methods of production of decorative tiles with a grainy coating.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of construction industry, in particular, to the method of production of decorative tiles with a grainy coating to increase their water-resistance. The method provides, that the base before application of an adhesive underlayer is subjected to a water-repelling process and in the capacity of an adhesive underlayer use a 8-I2 % water solution of sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose.
EFFECT: the invention ensures production of decorative tiles with a grainy coating.
FIELD: decorative-lining sheet material for producing of material simulating natural or artificial stone or various kinds of wood.
SUBSTANCE: method involves providing thermal vacuum forming of thermoplastic sheets having thickness of 0.5-8 mm and comprising on its face side decorative-protective polymeric film.
EFFECT: wider range of decorative and lining materials and increased efficiency in simulating structure of natural or artificial materials.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: ceramic decorations.
SUBSTANCE: method of making ceramic decorative art wall panel comes to the following: tiles are placed on backing secured vertically with tilting of 10-15° successively, starting from lower horizontal row, tiles of which are placed on corresponding limiting step of backing.
EFFECT: improved quality of wall panels.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 4 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; methods of manufacture of the architectural-decorative products.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of manufacture of the architectural-decorative products. To increase the quality the products the method provides for laying of the color mixtures in the mold for casting of the product is conducted with usage of a vibration process on the vibration exciter.
EFFECT: the invention allows to improve quality of manufacture of the architectural-decorative products.
6 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: pre-impregnate is manufactured by impregnation of crude paper with thermosetting formaldehyde-free resin until content thereof 10 to 70%. Residual moisture content in pre-impregnate is 2-3%. Resin contains: at least one radical-polymerization polymer with less than 5% of α,β-ethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid; at least one radical-polymerization polymer containing more than 5% of α,β-ethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid; and at least one alkanolamine with at least two hydroxyl groups; or resin contains at least one radical-polymerization polymer with 5-100%, particularly 5-50%, or more particularly 10-40% of α,β-ethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid and at least one above alkanolamine.
EFFECT: improved quality of surface, printing properties, delamination resistance, and varnishing capacity.
16 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: construction industry; domestic appliances; electrical engineering; motor-car industry; methods of production and application of the laminated composite materials with the different layers of a resin.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of production and application of the laminated composite material with the different layers of a resin and may used in construction industry, domestic appliances, electrical engineering, motor-car industry. The laminated composite material contains the carrier made out of the thermoplastic polymeric compound, the located on it intermediate layer also made out of the thermoplastic polymeric compound and the applied on the intermediate layer of the thermoreactive layer. Between the carrier and the intermediate layer there is a layer of the resin (a) with the rate of consolidation of at least 20 %. Between the intermediate layer and the thermoreactive layer there is the layer of the resin (c) with the rate of consolidation of at least 60 %. The materials of the layers are laid as the flat sheets and at the temperature of 150-300° C link to the carrier. The material possess the high degree of stiffness and impact toughness, the high quality of the surface, the fast and easy solidification.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the high degree of stiffness and impact toughness, the high quality of the surface, the fast and easy solidification.
13 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: construction materials industry; production of the moldable decorative laminated material.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the moldable complicated decorative laminated material, which contains the polymer impregnated decorative layer made out of the bilateral expansible decorative paper and the core polymer impregnated layer formed out of the bilateral extendable kraft-paper. The laminated material is used for production of the different products requiring the molding concerning the surface of the complicated form, in particular, to the packet made out of the laminated material. The board made out of the laminated material has the moldable base in addition to the decorative layer. The method of manufacture of the moldable decorative laminated material includes the following operations: treatment of the decorating paper, its impregnation, the treatment and impregnation of the kraft-paper, the layer by layer stacking and joining of the layers of the decorative and kraft-paper under pressure with their preliminary impregnation with the phenol-formaldehyde polymeric compound. The technical result of the invention is improvement of the surface properties of the decorative laminated material.
EFFECT: the invention ensures improvement of the surface properties of the decorative laminated material.
37 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises applying a lining material on the surface of the panel, gluing the lining material to the surface of the panel, pressing, and conditioning. Before applying the lining material, the panel is dampened and treated with steam. Pressing is performed at a temperature 127-132°C and at a pressure of 170 bar for 4-6 min.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: manufacture of decorative panels.
SUBSTANCE: prior to delivery of PVC blank to working area, its surface is subjected to loosening for increase of surface activity and for enhancing adhesion by applying solution of primer; use is made in working area of contra-shaft for holding-down the blank to drive guide transporting wheels and for rolling-on the facing material and connecting it with front surface; used as hold-down device is hold-down shaft with its own program-controlled shaft which is made from soft elastic material for copying the configuration of front and side surfaces of blank at the moment of connection with facing material at simultaneous stretching of it for avoidance of folds; its longitudinal axis is located at angle of from 0 to 90° relative to delivery of blank.
EFFECT: improved quality of facing; simplified construction of device; increased productivity of process.
5 cl, 3 dwg