Method for knitting products such tights, corresponding machine and product

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a machine for knitting articles of clothing such as underpants, tights and other similar articles. The method involves stages of knitting of at least one part of the body piece by way of reciprocal movement of the two cylinders of a double cylindrical machine. The leg pieces knitting is performed by way of continuous circular movement of the two cylinders; the first leg piece is knit by the first of the said cylinders while the second leg piece is knit by the second of the said cylinders. According to the invention, the gore zone needle arc remains temporarily inactive on each of the said two cylinders during knitting of the said at least one part of the body piece by way of reciprocal movement. It is additionally envisaged that the temporarily inactive needles must come into operation when knitting of the said at least one part of the body piece by way of reciprocal movement comes to an end which results in formation of an interknitting line in the gore zone for connection of the both leg pieces; then knitting is continued by way of continuous circular movement with all the needles of the both cylinders.

EFFECT: method and machine are aimed at enhancement of the product strength characteristics and use convenience.

40 cl, 22 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The invention relates to garments such as panties, stockings and other clothing, to a method and machine for knitting.

The level of technology

Currently, the most widely used method of production tights and other similar service is knitting the knitted fabric in the form of two tubes in the single-cylinder circular knitting machine, their crop in the direction of length, area panties and connection together by sewing the respective cut edges. Produced in this manner tights fit well, but the presence of seams spoils their appearance and creates discomfort, especially in the crotch area. For convenience, in some cases in the area of the perineum product is sewn into the gusset, thereby increasing the manufacturing cost of the tights.

To eliminate these defects developed a variety of methods and appropriate knitting machines for the production of tights that at the output of the machines have already wearable form without the necessity of forming additional seams in the area of the panties.

One such method is described, for example, in U.S. patent 4011738, issued March 15, 1977, and provides for knitting this type of service through a twin-cylinder circular knitting machines. This machine produces first the ribbed fabric for the pelvis through both cylinders, rotating reciprocating movement, and which use the same thread, which is served by one or more feeders, the needles of one cylinder is formed from a first portion of the tubular cloth, when the cylinders rotate in the same direction, and the needles of the other cylinder to form the other half when the cylinders rotate in the opposite direction. Then the machine starts to rotate in a continuous movement simultaneously producing both cylinders two other tubular parts under one for each cylinder, foot (hereinafter "details for feet"), each of which is knitted as a continuation of the corresponding half of the first tubular fabric.

Even if at first glance the appearance of such a garment is perfectly acceptable due to the absence of seams in panties, it has some important drawbacks that prevent commercial distribution and which are summarised below: a) In the process of manufacturing parts panties reciprocating two facing each other of the cylinder of the machine should move in the direction towards each other to the greatest extent possible to minimize involvement, connecting the two halves of the first tubular fabric. To the movement of the needle cylinder grasped the thread and forms a loop in one or more innings without touching it with testwuide needles of the other cylinder, both cylinders are used only alternate needles, for example, the odd-numbered needles of the lower cylinder and the even-numbered needles of the upper cylinder. As a result, the detail camisole is made a half of the needles of each cylinder, and the density of loops turns out more than half of the density of the equivalent article of clothing associated classical way, and knitted on the machine with the same quality, and this greatly limits the fit and covering ability of a garment especially large sizes.

b) the three tubular blades have one common point, which is formed in the lower part of lastovica under a lot of stress (namely, point 21 figure 3 of U.S. patent 4011738). Inevitably at this point concentrate the strength of the product at the gap, making this product is flimsy and uncomfortable to wear.

Disclosure of inventions

The present invention is to provide a method of knitting for products with a body part and two parts for the legs, such as for example, a pair of panties, tights and other similar devices of the type described in U.S. patent 4011738, but significantly improved in order to partially or completely eliminate, at least one of the above mentioned disadvantages.

In accordance with some variations of this method according to the present invention, the PE the first tubular fabric, the upper part of the carcass part, in large part to fit through both cylinders of the reciprocating movement, with the first arc adjacent needles less than 360°, i.e. less than the total number of needles of the cylinder. Then, when the specified first tubular fabric is connected cylinders knit continuous movement of the lower part of the Cabinet parts and a two products that make up the parts for the legs of the tights, with all its needles. At the beginning of this second phase of the needles of the two cylinders, which did not knitting in the previous phase, take the same thread for forming at least one total initial number of loops for connecting two tubular layers of detail to legs, this partial number of loops limits in the finished product the bottom line segment lastovica products.

Preferably, the partial number is formed by two threads. The thread(s), forming a partial series, limits wezwanie, the length of which is proportional to the number of needles, which remains inactive phase of knitting with reciprocating motion. These are the same threads, with which is formed the first part of Cabinet parts tights on knitting phase of the reciprocating movement.

Thus, tights in accordance with the present invention have a significantly more comfortable fit, comfort and durability than comfort and durability, which can be obtained using the method described in U.S. patent 4011738.

At least some of the benefits that can be achieved using the above method, can also be obtained by inverting the knitting process. In this case, the first stage of the implementation process is carried out knitting all the pieces for the legs, starting from the far end, i.e. with wedge heels, continuous movement, knitting items for foot cylinder and other parts for the legs of the other cylinder. Next is knitting Cabinet parts, at least partially, a reciprocating cylinder. In this case, again moving from knitting items for feet to knitting Cabinet parts, the arc of needles in both cylinders is excluded from the work, the result is wezwanie, connecting parts for the foot along the line of lastovica. This wezwanie can be enhanced by preventing the dissolution, in a known manner, for example, using threads, obtained aerodynamic method from the melt, or by filing lycra or other suitable material, or knitting with wezwanie 1/1. Features and preferred embodiments of this method in accordance with the present invention are presented in detail in the description below, in which the knitting begins with a belt of Cabinet parts and ends at the toe of the parts for the legs. However, what is needed is to be noted, what similar characteristics and preferred options for implementation can be implemented by changing the order of the knitting process, starting with the toes of parts for the feet and ending with elastic waist belt, Cabinet parts.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention this method is implemented by a two-cylinder machine in which the needles of each cylinder are shifted a half step relative to the needles of the other cylinder. In some preferred embodiments, the implementation of the present invention platinum are deepening that will contribute to the corresponding needles of the other cylinder has formed a loop. Designed machine allows two cylinders to approach very close to each other, resulting in obtaining high-quality knitted products.

Thus, for the processing of the first tubular blade reciprocating can use all the needles in both cylinders contained in the specified first arc adjacent needles. For example, for knitting underwear each cylinder can use the arc needle 270°, resulting in obtaining the density of the hinges, to a large extent similar to the density of tights related classical way, by car of equal quality and as described above, the details for the legs of the pantyhose are connected to each other in the accordance with the line connection, continuing on the arc of the needle 90° along lastovica. As a result, the tights in accordance with this embodiment of the present invention is more comfortable to wear compared with the known tights.

In preferred embodiments of implementing the present invention proposes a method of knitting knitwear containing Cabinet part and the two parts of the foot, through twin-cylinder circular knitting machine, comprising stages:

- knitting at least one part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating motion of the two cylinders;

- knitting parts for the foot continuous circular motion of the two cylinders, the first item for the legs fit in the first of these cylinders and the second part for the legs fit in the second of these cylinders.

Further provides that the arc of needles was inactive for each of the two cylinder during the knitting of the specified at least one part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating motion; and it is envisaged that these temporarily inactive needles begin to work at the end of the knitting of the specified at least one part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating movement, resulting in the line of involvement to connect the two parts of the legs, and then knitting continues krugovi the movement of all the needles in both cylinders.

In some embodiments, the implementation of this method in accordance with the present invention the formation of this product is provided by the combination of three tubular fabrics. In this case, preferably, the first tubular fabric is made through both cylinders of the machine, which rotate reciprocating and knit yarn fed at least one thread guide, at least one feeder, needle one working cylinder when the cylinder is rotated in one direction, and the needles of the other cylinder work when the other cylinder is rotated in the opposite direction. Moreover, the other two tubular fabric obtained simultaneous and separate knitting the first of these two other products through the first cylinder and the second of these two other products through the second cylinder, the rotation of the first and second cylinder continuous movement and flow in the first and second cylinders of the respective threads of the respective nataprawira at least one feeder for each cylinder. In this embodiment, the present invention is preferable for the knitting of the first products of each cylinder uses the first arc adjacent needles, having a number of needles, less than the total number of needles of the cylinder, with the earliest when it is inactive for each cylinder corresponding arc of needles, and each of the two tubular knitted cloths all the needles of the corresponding cylinder.

On the arc of needles remaining inactive phase of knitting specified first part of Cabinet parts, wezwanie is formed of at least one partial number of simple loops on lines lastovica product specified, at least one partial row is knitted by needles arcs of needles in both cylinders, which remain inactive. Partial number of loops is preferably formed in two threads, which on the previous phase was knitting a reciprocating upper part of the Cabinet parts.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention relates to a twin-cylinder circular knitting machine for the production of products such as briefs, tights and other similar products, which, according to the invention, can be programmed for implementing the method of knitting, as described above. Twin-cylinder circular knitting machine as such well-known specialists in the art and do not require a special explanation. In General, they contain the lower cylinder and an upper cylinder, coaxial with each other and are located opposite each other needles, i.e. the needles of the lower cylinder with the hooks facing up and the needles of the upper cylinder with the hooks facing down.

In accordance with some vari is nami implementation of the present invention, two cylinders are displaced at an angle relative to each other so that the needles of each cylinder aligned with platinum the other cylinder so that the needles of one cylinder does not interfere with the needles of the other cylinder during the knitting of the product, and both cylinder can be used with effective accuracy for knitting all parts of the product.

In addition, in some embodiments, implementation of the present invention, in the process of knitting a reciprocating upper part of Cabinet parts and lines of involvement of lastovica, two cylinders, each together with the respective Cams to activate the needles move axially, by means of a special device, each toward each other to the maximum extent. Thus, the length of involvement is reduced where the thread passes from the needles of one cylinder to the needles of the other cylinder to make almost invisible lines that connect the part of Cabinet parts associated reciprocating movement in the cylinder, with the relevant part connected to the other cylinder.

Preferably, in order to pick up the thread and form a loop, during the reciprocating movement of the needles of each cylinder are partially entering between the needles of the opposite cylinder. In this situation between the inserted thus IG is AMI remains minimal peripheral gap tangentially to the cylinder. For example, the gap for a machine with a diameter of 4 inches with four hundred needles of the cylinder, is about 0.05 mm, and thus, it becomes obvious that high accuracy is required for the transmission of motion between the two cylinders so that the needles of one cylinder does not come into contact with the needles of the other cylinder, and this accuracy can only be obtained through and adjusted, depending on the situation, double transmission, to fill the entire gap structure, and this entails a significant increase in cost compared with traditional machine.

To eliminate this disadvantage, in accordance with some of the options for implementation of the present invention between the cylinders provides for angular coupling device, which is used only when the cylinders are adjacent to each other, performing knitting with reciprocating motion. This device has an axial pin fixed inside a cylinder about needles forming the gusset of the tights, the pin is axially toward the other cylinder, which is appropriate slot for the specified pin. The pin and socket are placed so that when the needles move mutually axially towards each other in working order for forming parts Cabinet parts is suratno translational movement, the pin is inserted into the slot, causing the cylinders in one specific angular position even when clearances transmission, while when the cylinders move axially away from each other for forming parts of tights continuous movement, the pin completely out of the socket.

In the process of knitting a continuous movement of the pin and socket are separated from each other in such a way as to leave a free passage for the fabric parts of the legs of the tights during their formation at that time, as the pin is inserted into the socket does not close the passage paintings Cabinet parts during reciprocating motion as to this phase of knitting hosiery cloth Cabinet parts is formed as two boundaries of the product, connected together at their respective ends in accordance with two columns of loops on the knitting phase, are in the opposite sides of the pin, as will become evident from the following descriptions.

In others, have fewer benefits, options for implementation of the present invention, two cylinders do not move towards each other during the formation of the Cabinet parts, and held at such a mutual distance, to prevent the needles from one cylinder to pass between the needles of the other cylinder. This eliminates the problems and difficulties of holding the two cylinders is exactly what angular phase. However, the product formed area at the point of return movement of the two cylinders on the phase of knitting Cabinet parts, in which the distance more than usual occurs between two adjacent columns of loops, i.e. the area of involvement more than the knitting reciprocating holding the cylinders adjacent to each other.

In accordance with the following aspect, the present invention also relates to articles of clothing, such as tights, briefs, and other similar items, which are formed by the connection of the tubular paintings, in which the tubular fabric are joined together by a free joint in accordance with the relevant series of loops, the product produced using the above method.

In accordance with one embodiment the present invention provides a knitted article containing Cabinet part and the two parts of the foot, joined along the area of lastovica in which the specified body part, and these parts for the legs are formed continuously knit seamless fabric, which in lastovica perform the connection line to connect the two parts of the legs formed at least partially close the involvement common to the two parts to the legs. The join line (C) preferably is formed by wezwanie, at the ore, two rows.

In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention-piece body contains at least one upper part, formed in two sections connected by two lines of involvement generated by the change in opposite reciprocating motion of the needle cylinder and the subsequent passage of the thread from one to the other of the two circular yalniz two-cylinder machine, which fit the product. Two lines of involvement are formed respectively in the front area and rear area of the product.

In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention-piece body contains the lower part, representing the execution of the upper part of the Cabinet parts, and the formation until then, until it forms a region of lastovica and details of foot products. Line of involvement continues in the upper part of the Cabinet parts, and the front line of involvement connected with the rear line of involvement through joint involvement between the two parts of the legs, which continues along the bottom of the Cabinet parts. In practice, the two lines of involvement the involvement of lastovica are formed on a curve that extends from the front center of the waist to the back center of the waist of the product held in the crotch area, i.e. between the two parts of the legs.

Mainly the substantial piece body formed columns of loops, continuing from the waist corps detail up parts for the foot, and at the bottom the following columns loops, continuing from the specified involvement to these parts for the foot.

Mainly, both parts of the tights, made of the reciprocating movement, and the parts are manufactured in a continuous movement produced an even number of innings threads, so that each part of the tights you can alternate the rows of filaments with an S-twisting and rows of loops with a Z-twisting, so that everywhere the fabric of the tights, especially when it is not a stretch homogeneous and not twisted.

The following advantageous features and embodiments of this method, machines and products in accordance with the present invention are described herein with reference to the variant example of implementation and the attached claims, which form an integral part of the present description.

Brief description of drawings

The invention will be more clear from the following descriptions and appended drawings showing non-limiting practical variant implementation of the invention.

Figure 1 shows the tights in accordance with the present invention, a perspective view;

on figa - same as figure 1 in a modified embodiment;

nafig and 3 partially shows two cylinder circular machine in two phases knitting tights 1, accordingly, in the process of knitting panties and in the process of knitting the two parts for the legs, schematic view in perspective;

figure 4 shows the tights shown in figure 2 and 3, the output of the machine, side view in the future;

on figa - same as figure 4 in a modified embodiment;

figure 5 is a view in section according to V-V of tights 4;

figure 6 is an enlarged view of detail VI of Fig 3;

figure 7 is an enlarged view of a part VII-VII 6;

on Fig - view according to VIII-VIII 7, in plan and deformed by stretching horizontally for greater precision;

on figa - similar to the mind pig, but without horizontal deformation relative to the actual proportions that illustrated;

figure 9 is the same as figure 7, with the machine, forming a loop with the bottom of the cylinder;

figure 10 is an enlarged view of platinum 17;

on 11, 12 and 13 shows a diagram in terms of control Cams for controlling the needles, povodni and platinum machine 2 is outside, on different work phases;

on Fig - view according to VIII-VIII 7 on the phase formation of connective series between the parts for the legs;

on Fig and 16 shows the axial kinds of machines in the incision in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention with the cylinders, respectively, moving towards each other and away from each other;

on Fig - views contrary in accordance with the XVII-XVII Fig;

on Fig and 19 shows schematic views in section of the machine head using two cylinders Fig, and following the design with cylinders axially adjacent to each other, and in construction with the cylinder moving axially from each other, respectively.

The implementation of the invention

Hereinafter, the description of the method of knitting tights with a body part and two parts for the legs, which may result in parts of the foot with a closed toe or open toe, which is then sewn outside of the machine. Furthermore, the method in accordance with the present invention can also be used for other types of knitting items such as panties and other clothes in which details for the legs is reduced only to small parts of the product surrounding the holes for the legs around the far site.

Figure 1 shows a partial schematic view in perspective of tights in accordance with the present invention, highlighting some of the geometric elements that are important for understanding the way of knitting stockings. Knitting is a two-cylinder machine, i.e. a machine with two dual and coaxial cylinders, each with a circular isalnita, the needles of one cylinder is located in front of the needles of the other cylinder.

Namely, figure 1 shows a Cabinet 1, which contains elastic belt 3A, 3 is, surrounding hole products (tights), area 5A, 5B (hereinafter referred to as the "upper part of Cabinet parts"), suitable for closing the upper part of the pelvis, and area 7A, 7B (hereinafter indicated as "the lower part of the Cabinet parts"), which connects the upper part of the Cabinet parts with the parts for the legs 9A, 9B. The upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts fit in a reciprocating motion in a two-cylinder circular knitting machine, the left half of 5A (as viewed in figure 1) fit on one cylinder, and the right half 5V on another cylinder, these halves are joined along two Central straight lines (m, n), respectively, the front and rear lines of tights. In the process of knitting the thread passes through the data lines from one to the other of the two circular yalniz two superimposed cylinders, twin-cylinder machines with a change in rotational motion on the reverse. Thus, the data line form a line of involvement, connecting the left and right sections of the upper part of the carcass part 1.

In turn the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and parts for the legs 9A, 9B are made with a continuous motion, left portion 7A and the left part for the legs 9A on a single cylinder machine, and the right part 7B and the right item for the legs 9B on the other cylinder of the machine. Two dotted lines A1, A2 show the ranks of the passage of the loops between the top h is d 5A, 5V Cabinet parts 1, manufactured reciprocating movement, and the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1, manufactured in a continuous movement. Details for the legs 9A, 9B are connected together along a partial arc loops SS limiting line lastovica tights, continuing between the end points C1, C2 of the connection lines A1 and A2, and which is formed one or more partial rows of loops, as better described hereinafter with reference to the method of knitting. Data partial rows are obtained by wezwanie formed threads. which form the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 and which at the same time get two needles of the cylinder, the top and bottom.

Figure 1 is a sample column of loops formed separate needles, shown in solid lines. As shown in this figure, the columns continued from elastic belts 3A, 3B along the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, along the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1, forming a single tubular fabric, and then they are separated for the formation of the two parts of the legs 9A, 9B. In this part of the columns of the loops forming the inner part of the parts for the legs 9A, 9B, begins on the line SS formed by the partial series connection, and continues in the field of lastovica between points C1 and C2, where the rows A1, A2 are connected with lines of type, respectively.

In affect, the, the product is formed as follows:

- plot 5A of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, section 7A of the lower parts 7A, 7B of Cabinet parts and detail to the legs 9A match one of the two cylinder two cylinder machine;

- section 5B of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, section 7 In the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts and detail to the legs 9 To match the other of the two cylinder two cylinder machine;

columns loops start from elastic belt and continue to generate parts for legs except the Central columns that define the scope of lastovica and the inner parts of the legs that begin with the joint involvement of line SS between points C1 and C2.

Figure 2 shows the phase of knitting elastic belts 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. During this phase, two cylinder, the lower cylinder 11 and the upper cylinder 13 rotates, the reciprocating movement for the formation of the same threads, preferably two threads, one or more feed for each cylinder, preferably two innings for each cylinder, the respective halves of the elastic zone 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. When a pair of cylinder rotates in one direction, for example in the clockwise direction, the needles of the lower cylinder 11 knit corresponding half 3A elastic p is the Yas 3A, 3V or half 5A of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, while the needles of the upper cylinder 13 remain inactive, and the hooks are raised to the level of the discharging plane dams, and when a pair of cylinder rotates in the opposite direction, i.e. in the counterclockwise direction, the needles of the lower cylinder 11 remain inactive, and the hooks are lowered to the level of leaving the plane, while the needles of the upper cylinder 13 knit the other half 3V elastic belts 3A, 3B or the other half 5B of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1.

When reversing the rotational motion of the cylinder thread each filing, shaping elastic waist or upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 passes from the needles of one cylinder to the needles of the other cylinder, forming at the point of return movement in the ends of the respective series line of involvement with the length as small as two cylinders axially close to each other. The data point changes the movement limit specified Central line (m, n) to connect the two halves 3A, 3B elastic waist and two halves 5A, 5B of the upper part of the carcass part 1.

It should be noted that during this phase, not all of the needle cylinder 11 and 13 are active. In each cylinder of the arc adjacent needles used in accordance with the main part of the total number of needles, for example, for a cylinder with 400 needles are used 350 needles, arcing adjacent active needles. The rest of the needle arc With inactive needles. So are both of the cylinder, the cylinder 11 and the cylinder 13. Needle arc from each of the two cylinders are substantially in the same angular position, i.e. they are mutually opposite to each other. They are inactive, i.e. not always work, and when the cylinders rotate in the clockwise direction and when they rotate in the counterclockwise direction. Conversely, as already mentioned, the rest of the needle, forming an arc complementary to the arc of the inactive needles, alternative work, the needles of one cylinder, when the rotation is in the clockwise direction, and the needles of the other cylinder when the rotation is in the counterclockwise direction.

Thus, there is a significant difference in the means of knitting, described in patent documents prior art mentioned in the introduction to this description, in which the phase of knitting reciprocating all of the needles of the upper and lower cylinders begin to work, the alternative first one, when the rotation is in the clockwise direction, and the other when the rotation is in the counterclockwise direction. Practically zone 3A, 3B and top the second part 5A, 5V Cabinet parts 1 can be knit with the main quantity of the needles of each cylinder, for example 350 needle cylinder with 400 needles. Thus, the total number of columns of loops of elastic belts 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts equal to 700. N 5 in this case indicates the number of loops of the upper part of Cabinet parts 5A, 5B. Nc/2 indicates the number of needles remaining inactive during this phase, knitting with reciprocating motion.

After two halves 5A, 5B of the upper part of the carcass part 1 will be associated reciprocating with the relevant final partial rows A1, A2, phase starts knitting lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and then phase knitting parts of the legs 9A, 9B (see figure 3). Both of these phases are handled by the two cylinders 11, 13, rotating in a continuous movement in one direction, knitting the threads of the respective filings and each producing first corresponding portion 7A or 7B of the lower part of the Cabinet parts 1 and then the corresponding item for the legs 9A, 9B through all their needles (e.g., 400), i.e. the work includes also those needles, which, before it has remained inactive for arcs With two cylinders 11, 13, equal to Nc/2 (=50 in this example).

At the beginning of this phase also needle arcs With both cylinders, which remain inactive in p is acesse reciprocating motion, included in the work together with the needles knitting portion 3A, 3B of the elastic belt and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. These needles, which before it had remained inactive, form one or more initial partial ranks of the SS and continue to knit in a continuous movement of the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and then the details for the legs 9A, 9B together with the other needles of the respective cylinders. This phase of the passage discussed in further detail below.

Thus, the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts fit the number of needles equal to the sum of the two needles of the cylinder. Conversely, every detail for the legs 9A, 9B fit the needle cylinder 11 or 13. As a result, each detail of the foot will be the number of columns of loops N9 equal to the number of needles of the cylinder (400 needles in this example). The lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts will have the number of columns of loops equal to 2xN9, i.e. equal to twice the number of needles of each cylinder 11, 13. Part of the data columns loops continues from olorado A1, A2, which end part connected to the reciprocating movement in the direction of the parts for the legs 9A, 9B, while the portion of the data columns of loops forms wezwanie With from which they proceed towards the parts of the legs 9A, 9B. As the number of needles of each cylinder 11, 13, remaining inactive in the previous phase of the knitting of the reciprocating movement is the group of the upper part 5A, 5V carcass part 1 is Nc/2, then the number during the previous phase of the loops, including wezwanie, will be equal to Nc.

During the knitting inside of the lower cylinder 11 air flow is formed from the bottom through traditional intake system, not shown in the drawing. Thus, the tights as the formation of absorbed towards the bottom and move inside the lower cylinder 11 with parts 3B of the belt and 5B panties, and the part of the legs 9B inserted inside respective parts 3A, 5A, 9A tights so that when the tights are extracted from the machine, they are in the condition shown in figures 4 and 5, and to make the tights wearable form 1, you must remove the right item for leg 9B of the inner part of the left parts of the legs 9A, acting in accordance with the arrow F in figure 5, as well as expanding after being turned detail to the legs 9B, the right part 5A of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts and the right part 3A elastic waistband.

This operation of extracting one part for the feet of another after knitting tights can also be performed automatically by the machine upon completion of the knitting of stockings, a preliminary separation of only the internal parts for the legs 9B from the needle 13, which form it, and a simultaneous change air flow direction up. Thus, until the last column is C loops other details for the legs 9A is still attached to the needles 15, which it was formed, the inner part of leg 9B slides off the outer parts of the legs 9A and teared up. At this point also the last column of loops outer parts of the legs 9A is removed from the needle 15 and the tights are unloaded up or down in the expanded view of figure 1.

Figure 6 schematically shows an axial section facing each other with the ends of the bottom 11 and the top 13 of the cylinder knitting machine in accordance with the present invention on the knitting phase of the reciprocating movement of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 tights in accordance with the present invention.

In each cylinder, you can see the needle 15, which slide on the outer longitudinal grooves 11A, 13A of the cylinder under the action of the control Cam and igrovogo, the description of which will be presented next, and platinum 17, moving horizontally in the radial grooves of the respective plates or outer rings 19, 21 are integral with the cylinders 11, 13. Platinum controlled by Cams 23, 25, based for each cylinder at the appropriate ring 27, 29, who is not allowed to rotate special corner bearing (not shown) non-rotating part of the machine.

On Fig, in which the horizontal distance between the needles and platinum have been increased to make the drawing clearer, shows how the needle 15 of the lower cylinder 11, the mouth is Owlery relative to the needles 15 of the upper cylinder 13, to needle 15 one cylinder were located on one straight line with platinum 17 other cylinder. In addition, in an advantageous embodiment of the present invention platinum 17 have a deep recess 17B (see figures 10, 6, and 7) are very close to the corresponding hook 17A, and almost between the hook and patocchi T for passage of the needles 15 in front of the cylinder when they are pulled out of the specified cylinder to grip the threads of the feed.

Thus, figure 7 shows the needle 15 of the upper cylinder 13, which lowered speaking from his cylinder 13, passing in the space 17 In the opposite platinum in order to take the thread 31 of the thread guide 55A, while the needles are in front of the cylinder 11 is inactive and remain drawn about the level of the upper edge of the sinkers 17 of the cylinder 11. It should be noted that during this phase, the thread guide 55A is slightly above the line (f), showing the horizontal plane that are equidistant from the cylinders 11 and 13, so that the needles of the upper cylinder 13 can pick up the thread properly. In addition, platinum cylinder 17, which do not form a loop, held extended in the position shown in Fig.7, in order not to interfere (due to the space 17B in accordance with the present invention) to the needles of the upper cylinder, when they form a loop is.

This design allows to form elastic belt 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts reciprocating all the needles of the arc of the active needles of each cylinder, i.e. to use the real accuracy of the machine to obtain the required density of loops in the Cabinet parts, as described above.

Figure 9 shows the relative position of the needle 15 and Platin 17, when the hinge is formed by the lower cylinder 11 for knitting the upper part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating movement. During this phase, the needle 15 of the lower cylinder 11 is included to pick up the same thread 31 submission from the same thread guide 55A, used needles of the upper cylinder 13 (6) in the previous reciprocating step. It should be noted that the phase Fig.9 thread guides 55A slightly raised above the line (f)to the needles of the lower cylinder took the thread properly. Such displacement of the thread guide 55A between the reciprocating cylinders steps are achieved by means of a special device, not shown in the drawing, for example, of the type represented in the mentioned U.S. patent 4011738.

As in the process of knitting elastic belts 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 reciprocating movement, it is necessary, as explained above, so that the distance between the two facing each other cylinders was the one less to reduce as much as possible wezwanie connecting the ends of the rows formed by two cylinders, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention platinum 17 are leaving the plane 17C (figure 10) on the same level as the upper part of the corresponding hook 17A. As a result, the cylinders can be kept next to each other so that the distance (d) (7) between platinum 17 two cylinders 11, 13 is the distance required for the passage of the knitwear.

In figures 11, 12 and 13 shows the construction of a set of Cams move the needle 15 and igrovogo 16 both cylinders at the respective operating phases of the machine. In the figures shown, the needle 15 and iglovod 16, for clarity, to the left of this design on the respective working paths. Starting from the bottom, to the bottom of the cylinder can be seen lifting Cams 35A, 35V, 35C, 35D and lowering Cams 37A, 37V, S, 37D, for lifting and lowering of igrovogo 16, sets of levers of choice 39 that can be controlled in the classical manner by any known mechanical or electrical device of choice, four groups of Cams 41A, 41C, 41C, 41D control needles to form loops, and to the top of the cylinder you can see similar elements, such as three groups of Cams 43A, B, and 43C control needles to form loops, lifting the streets 45A, V, 45C and lowering Cams 47A, 47B for lifting and lowering of igrovogo 16 and the sets of levers of choice 49.

Respectively above and below the design Cams control needles and povodni shows the paths 51, 53 heels T Platin 17, respectively, of the upper cylinder and the lower cylinder, which extend in the same plane as the controls needles, in order to show their movement relative to the latter. However, it should be noted that actually platinum 17 move in a horizontal plane, and the needle and uglovoy move vertically in the respective grooves of the cylinder of the machine.

In long horizontal segments 51A, 53A ways Platin presented thus platinum are in the fully extended position shown in Fig.6. This position enables the associated needles 15 of the other cylinder to move axially of the cylinder to capture the thread without hitting platinum. Instead, a lower horizontal segments 51B report, V data paths are platinum 17 in the fully extended position in the direction of the centripetal movement, as platinum bottom of the cylinder, shown in Fig.9, and traditionally they are consistent with forming loops Cams 41A-41D and 43A-and 43C corresponding feed of the machine.

In addition, figure 11 (and also in figures 12 and 13), about a line (f) shows the path of the needles, which is adequate to feed, which is the active phase, which is a reference to the drawing, the path, which in this case, the needles 15 of the lower cylinder 11 to form a loop capture strands of yarn feeders 55A, 55V.

During this phase, 11 cylinders make an anti-clockwise direction (arrow F1) to form on the respective feed threads 55A, 55V, through an arc of adjacent needles (for example, 350 needles of the total number of 400) of the lower cylinder, two rows of loops half 3A (see also figure 1) elastic belt, or half 5A of the upper part of camisole. This phase uses groups forming loops Cams 41C, 41P, and the corresponding Cams lift igrovogo 35A, 35V, while the needles 15 of the upper cylinder remain inactive, with the raised hooks on the level of the discharging plane of the respective sinkers 17, as in Fig.9. Platinum 17 of the lower cylinder follow the path indicated at 11, interacting in the usual way with needles, forming a loop on the specified groups of Cams 41C, 41C, while the Cams control platinum upper cylinder rotates counterclockwise at an angle (α) to delay the centripetal movement of these dams to the extent sufficient to not interfere with the needles of the lower cylinder during the formation of loops. This limited rotation of the Cams Platin upper cylinder in the counterclockwise direction is traci is obtained by a simple rotation of a support 29 (6) data of Cams by means of friction to the corner-posts, not shown in the drawing.

Phase Fig cylinders make clockwise rotation (arrow F2) to form the upper cylinder through an arc of adjacent needles (for example, 350 needles of the total number of 400 needles) and the corresponding feed threads 55A, 55V, already used in phase figure 11, two rows of loops half 3V (see also figure 1) elastic belt, or half 5B of the upper part of camisole. This phase uses groups forming loops Cams 43A, B and the corresponding lowering Cams 47A, 47B and lifting Cams 45A, V for lowering and lifting of igrovogo. Platinum 17 upper cylinder follow the path indicated on Fig, interacting in the usual way with the appropriate needles 15, forming a loop on the specified groups of Cams 43A, B, while the Cams control platinum upper cylinder rotate clockwise to delay angle (β) centripetal movement of the respective sinkers to a degree sufficient so as not to interfere with the needles of the upper cylinder during the above-mentioned formation of the loops. This limited rotation of the Cams Platin bottom of the cylinder in the clockwise direction is obtained by a simple rotation of the support 27 of these Cams to prescribed angular supports.

Phase Fig cylinders rotate in the counterclockwise direction maintaining yvnym movement (arrow F1) to form the corresponding half 7A, 7B lower part of the panties or the relevant parts for the legs 9A, 9B, using in both cases, all needles. Namely, in this phase the lower cylinder generates, at each rotation, two rows of loops, withdrawing the yarn from the yarn feeders 55D, 55C through groups 41A, 41D petrobrazi Cams and associated Cam lifting igrovogo 35D, 35C, while the upper cylinder forming two rows of loops capture strands of yarn feeders 55A, 55V by groups V, and 43C petrobrazi Cams and associated Cam lowering of igrovogo 47A, 47B. Platinum 17 of the upper cylinder 13 and the lower cylinder 11 is moving along the path shown in Fig, interacting in the usual way with the appropriate needles 15, forming a loop on the specified groups of Cams W, and 43C; 41A, 41D without reciprocating displacement of the respective control Cams, as two cylinders, as clearly shown in figure 10, form a loop on mutually offset at an angle feed, without the interaction of platinum one cylinder to the needles of the other cylinder, due to the special form of platinum in accordance with this invention, as explained above.

In the early phases of knitting continuous movement that includes all the needles of the two cylinders, i.e. needles, which form a reciprocating belt 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, needles along the arc With aktivnih needles of the two cylinders 11, 13 is free from loops at their cores as they have not participated in the previous phase of knitting. In the early phases of knitting continuous movement data arc With needles that remain inactive in the previous phase, form a row or rows for connection details for the feet in line lastovica SS (see also figure 1). For inclusion in the work of these needles must use at least one thread for the formation of the first row of loops.

On Fig shows the formation of the first row of loops formed by the first thread WAthis phase. In the illustrated example, since the threads forming the upper part 5A, 5B and elastic belt 3A, 3B Cabinet parts 1 thread of yarn feeders of the lower cylinder 11, the first thread WA(one of the threads that form part 55A, 55V Cabinet parts 1) is captured by the needles of the lower cylinder 11. These needles catch the thread from the thread guide 55A feed 41C (see also Fig). The second row of loops is formed by another thread WB(which also forms part 55A, 55V Cabinet parts 1)submitted by the thread guide 55V supply 41C as described in this document.

When, during the formation of the first series (WA) arc of needles, before this remained inactive, both cylinders 11, 13 (the tab which was previously open standard device opening of the needle, not shown in the drawing) are before what itemtitle 55A to capture this thread, take the needle odd positions (b1, b3 and so on) of the upper cylinder and needles even position (A2, A4 and so on) of the lower cylinder. Thus, the arc of the needle thread WAhas the form of a zigzag, as shown in Fig. Continuing rotation of the cylinder in the direction F1, the following flow, i.e. the flow 41C Fig, needle arcs With two cylinders 11, 13 pick up the thread WBsubmitted by traverse 55V, inverted choice as shown in Fig, i.e. they are being put in place to capture the threads only on the odd needles (A1, A3 and so on) of the lower cylinder 11 and the even-numbered needles (b2, b4 and so on) of the upper cylinder 13. On Fig the path of the thread WBthat gear even-numbered needles of the upper cylinder 13 and the odd-numbered needles of the lower cylinder during this phase, indicated by the dotted line.

Thus, two mutually wasanii initial number of loops are formed on arcs of needles, and then all the needles of the arc With both cylinders 11, 13 can work together with all the other needles of the two cylinders, as illustrated and described in Fig, for knitting the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and corresponding parts of the legs 9A, 9B. They are connecting wezwanie on the arcuate curve of the SS on the gusset.

In the above description, it was assumed that Cabinet item fit in a reciprocating movement by means of two bottom feed and top two innings on uma working yarn feeders 55A, 55V bottom of the cylinder. Thus, the initial rows of involvement generated by the arc With needles, inactive in the previous phase on each cylinder 11, 13, who begin to work when knitting with reciprocating motion and starts knitting a continuous movement shaped by the same lower yarn feeders, which serves thread WA, WBof which fit the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. However, you can work in the reverse order, i.e. forming a Cabinet 1, feeding two strands of the yarn feeders of the upper cylinder. In this case, wezwanie will be formed two threads WA, WBsubmitted by yarn feeders of the upper cylinder on both cylinder on the knitting phase of the reciprocating movement for the formation of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1.

It is also possible to perform this wezwanie reciprocating, but this solution is more complex and less rapid.

On figa unlike Fig described above, is illustrated in the real proportions outside view of the needles and sinkers of the two cylinders on the stage in the process of knitting a reciprocating shown in Fig.7, and the cylinders 11 and 13 are mutually axially adjacent to the maximum extent possible. As shown in figa when the needle cylinder is displayed on the level of the thread guide 31 for which the NAP threads they are between the needles of the other cylinder with a minimum clearance. Cylinder diameter 4" with 400 needles this gap is of the order of 0.05 mm

Thus, during the reciprocating motion necessary to keep two cylinders accurately phased with respect to each other with a corresponding displacement of the needle half step. This can be achieved in the usual way, by creating the transmission of movement between the cylinders is corrected transmission and recovery at the stage of assembling the inevitable backlash in the transmission through a double gear. But it is economically disadvantageous.

To eliminate this inconvenience, the present invention provides a special design, illustrated in Fig and on the following, in which the hollow block 103 is secured by screws 101 to the lower cylinder 11, the specified block is provided with a top opening, inside of which is a cylindrical liner 105. The axis Y-Y of the sleeve parallel to the axis x-X of the cylinder and is placed in and around the needles forming the gusset of the tights, at equal distance from the needle on which the change occurs on the reverse movement of the knitting and which form a series of loops m, n 1.

Such hollow block 109 is secured by screws 111 to the upper cylinder 13, this block has a bottom opening that is angled support bracket 107 which t is the train has an axis Y-Y. The cap 107 can be inserted in the liner 105 with a minimum radial clearance sufficient only for the free back-and-forth axial sliding.

In the design Fig cylinders are adjacent to each other to the maximum extent possible for knitting a reciprocating parts 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts and 3A, 3B elastic belt. In this arrangement, the cap 107 is inserted with a minimum clearance in the insert (socket) 105 to keep the cylinders 11, 13 at an angle to each other so that the needles of one cylinder when they are being put in place for the formation of loops, freely inserted between the needles of the other cylinder without mutual interference, as shown in Fig. Two edges 3A, 5A; 3B, 5B paintings produced reciprocating movement to move one within the other, as shown in figures 2 and 3, and are connected together at their respective ends in accordance with the lines m, n. Due to the construction described above stub 107, it does not prevent these two edges of the fabric during formation, as they are opposite sides from the cover plate 107, not touching her.

Thus, any angular gap arising from the mechanical transmission between the cylinders 11 and 13 is restored, namely, the clearance between the gears and the connection that shape them, and not to neobhodimosti refined transmission.

In the design Fig, which shows the relative axial position of the cylinders 11, 13 in the process of knitting a continuous movement of the parts for the legs 9A, 9B, the cylinders are at a distance from each other so that the respective needle entering the work for forming the loops remained axially spaced from the needles of the other cylinder, and thus, their precise relative angular positioning is not necessary. In this position, the cap 107 is fully extracted from the liner (s) 105 and remains at a distance from it to the extent sufficient for the passage between the plug and the socket of the blade parts for the legs 9A, 9B in the process of knitting.

On Fig shows a side view of the head of the above described two-cylinder machine with the lower cylinder 11 and the upper cylinder 13, located in the adjacent position Fig. Almost machine has two opposite polgolovki 200, 300, each of which contains the base plate 202, 302, which supports the corresponding cylinder 11,13 bearings 204, 206; 304, 306. The cylinders are interconnected with the drive shaft 308 and two matching pairs of gears 210, 212; 310, 312, the drive shaft is actually formed by two coaxial shafts 214, 314, connected together by connection with slotted profiles 216, which can slide axially.

In addition, each cylinder 200, 300 sod is RIT control Cams for controlling the respective needles and povodni (not shown in the drawing), Cams that are attached to the supports, called "caps" 218, 220; 318, 320, mounted on the intermediate plate 222; 322 on the main plate 202, 302, respectively.

The lower main plate rests on the base 324 of the machine and the cylinder receives the movement for rotation of the cylinder by a toothed belt and pulley 326.

Top belogolovka 300 has a main plate 302 that are integrated with the Shoe 328 prismatic guide 330 parallel to the axis x-X of the cylinder and attached to the side support, which in turn is integral with the main plate 202 of the lower polgolovki 200. The actuator 334 is located between the main plate 202, 302 two polugologo to move them towards each other or away from each other, the way the offset is determined by adjustable stops (not shown).

Thus, it is possible to move the cylinders 11, 13 towards each other relevant polugodovymi 200, 300 in the scheme Fig for knitting a reciprocating parts of tights in accordance with the above method, or move these cylinders from each other together with the above polugodovymi in the scheme Fig for knitting continuous movement of other parts of the tights. Wezwanie formed on the indicated lines m and n during reverse movements of the cylinders, minimum, and m & g is m if it is, in order not to reduce significantly the aesthetic quality of the finished product.

You must understand that the reciprocating axial motion of the two cylinders towards each other with needles of one cylinder inserted between the needles of the opposite cylinder on the phase of knitting reciprocating especially mainly because it allows to obtain a more uniform finished product in which the area of Cabinet parts produced by the reverse movement of the cylinder, almost not visible. However, you can install the cylinder at a distance from each other during the knitting phase of the reciprocating movement of Cabinet parts. In this case, there is less mechanical complexity at a lower quality finished product. In figures 1A and 4A schematically illustrates the types of products that are similar to figures 1 and 4, but with a dedicated broader line of involvement m, n, i.e. the existence of a region where two adjacent column loops more mutually spaced due to the fact that in this area the thread passes from one cylinder to another, performing a greater offset than in the case of adjacent cylinders owing to the distance at which these cylinders are in the process of knitting.

It is clear that the drawing shows the example provided only by way of practice in the political composition of the present invention, which can vary in forms and designs, but without deviating from the concept underlying the present invention. All reference numbers in paragraphs appended claims are provided solely to facilitate reading of the claims in light of the description and drawings, and in no way limit the scope of legal protection represented by the claims.

1. Method of knitting knitwear containing Cabinet item (1) and two pieces for the legs (9A, 9B), through two-cylinder (11, 13) of the circular knitting machine, comprising stages of knitting at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) the reciprocating motion of the two cylinders and knitting items for legs (9A, 9B) of the continuous circular motion of the two cylinders (11, 13), the first item for the legs fit in the first mentioned cylinder, and a second part for the feet fit the second of these cylinders, characterized in that the arc of the needle (S) is stored temporarily inactive on each of these two cylinders in the process of knitting the specified at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) reciprocating, and these needles, temporarily not active on both cylinders during the knitting of at least one part of the Cabinet parts are used for the formation of the line of involvement (what With) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B).

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the first knit Cabinet item (1) preserving the specified arc of needles (C) temporarily inactive on each of these two cylinders; introducing the work of these temporarily inactive needles at the end of the knitting of the specified at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) reciprocating, and in the form of a line of involvement (SS) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B); continue knitting a continuous circular motion through all of the needles (15) both cylinders (11, 13) for knitting items for the feet.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the first knit at the same time the two parts of the foot, starting from the corresponding wedge heels, and then knit Cabinet item.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the said product is formed by the combination of three tubular paintings; in which the first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B) is formed by two cylinders (11; 13), which rotate reciprocating and knit yarn fed at least one thread guide (55A, 55V), at least one feed, needle one working cylinder when the cylinder is rotated in one direction, and the needles of the other cylinder work when it rotates in the opposite direction; in which the other two tubular blade (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) are obtained by knitting at the same time, what about the first and separately from these other two paintings of the first cylinder (11) and the second of these two other paintings of the second cylinder (13) by rotating the first and second cylinder continuous movement and flow in the first and second the cylinders of the respective filaments of the respective yarn feeders (55C, 55D; 55A, 55V), at least one feeder for each cylinder; and in which the knitting of the specified first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B), each cylinder (11; 13) uses the first arc adjacent needles with needles smaller than the total number of needles of the cylinder, leaving inactive corresponding arc (C) of needles of each cylinder, and the knitting of each of the other two tubular fabrics (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) is performed by all of the needles (15) the corresponding cylinder (11; 13).

5. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the said product is formed by the combination of three tubular paintings; in which the first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B) is formed by two cylinders (11; 13), which rotate reciprocating and knit yarn fed at least one thread guide (55A, 55V), at least one feed, needle one working cylinder when the cylinder is rotated in one direction, and the needles of the other cylinder work when it rotates in the opposite direction; in which the other two tubular blade (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) are obtained by knitting simultaneously and separately the first of these two other paintings of the first cylinder (11) and the second of these two other paintings of the second cylinder (13) by rotating the first and second cylinder cont the uninterrupted movement and flow in the first and second cylinders of the respective filaments of the respective yarn feeders (55C, 55D; 55A, 55V), at least one feeder for each cylinder; and in which the knitting of the specified first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B), each cylinder (11; 13) uses the first arc adjacent needles with needles smaller than the total number of needles of the cylinder, leaving inactive corresponding arc (C) of needles of each cylinder, and the knitting of each of the other two tubular fabrics (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) is performed by all the needles (15) of the corresponding cylinder (11; 13).

6. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the said product is formed by the combination of three tubular paintings; in which the first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B) is formed by two cylinders (11; 13), which rotate reciprocating and knit yarn fed at least one thread guide (55A, 55V), at least one feed, needle one working cylinder when the cylinder is rotated in one direction, and the needles of the other cylinder work when it rotates in the opposite direction; in which the other two tubular blade (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) are obtained by knitting simultaneously and separately the first of these two other paintings of the first cylinder (11) and the second of these two other paintings of the second cylinder (13) by rotating the first and second cylinder continuous movement and flow in the first and second cylinders of the respective strands of the C corresponding yarn feeders (55C, 55D; 55A, 55V), at least one feeder for each cylinder; and in which the knitting of the specified first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B), each cylinder (11; 13) uses the first arc adjacent needles with needles smaller than the total number of needles of the cylinder, leaving inactive corresponding arc (C) of needles of each cylinder, and the knitting of each of the other two tubular fabrics (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) is performed by all the needles (15) of the corresponding cylinder (11; 13).

7. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the specified arc (C) of needles, which remains inactive during the knitting of the specified first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts, specified wezwanie is formed of at least one partial close (WA; WBsimple loops on lines lastovica (SS) products specified, at least one partial range of fit needles arcs (C), both cylinders (11, 13)that are inactive.

8. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that the specified arc (C) of needles remaining inactive phase of knitting specified first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1), the specified wezwanie is formed of at least two partial rows (WA; WB) common loops on the specified line lastovica (SS) products, the two partial rows match the arcs (C) of needles in both cylinders (11, 13)that are inactive.

9. The method according to claim 7, distinguish the different topics the specified at least one partial row is formed by the thread that knits the specified first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1).

10. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the said at least two partial rows are formed by two threads that knit found the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1).

11. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that the at least one partial range of simple loops that fit arcs (C) of needles remaining inactive during the knitting of the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1), is formed by the engagement of at least one yarn, alternating needles (A2, A4, ...; b1, b3, ...) arcs (C) of needles of two cylinders that are inactive.

12. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the two partial number of simple loops knitted by arcs (C) of needles remaining inactive while knitting the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) is engaged, at least one first filament (WAthe even-numbered needles (A2, A4, ...) arc of needles remaining inactive (C) of the first cylinder, and the odd needles (b1, b3, ...) arc (C) of needles remaining inactive, the second cylinder, and the subsequent engagement of the second thread (WB) odd needles (A1, A3 ...) arc of needles remaining inactive (C), the first cylinder, and the even-numbered needles (b2, b4, ...) arc of needles remaining inactive (C) of the second cylinder

13. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that the at least one partial range or the two partial rows of loops knitted continuous and simultaneous movement of rotation of the two cylinders (11, 13).

14. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) match, at least two strings, served two yarn feeders alternative to the first cylinder (11) during rotation in one direction, and a second cylinder (13) during rotation in the opposite direction.

15. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) fit using two innings of the first cylinder and the two innings of the second cylinder.

16. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that, in the process of knitting a reciprocating specified, at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1), two cylinders (11, 13) two-cylinder machine move axially toward each other adjacent the working position so that the needles of one cylinder pass between the needles of the other cylinder, while knitting a continuous circular motion of the two cylinders move axially away from each other in spaced operating positions of the two cylinders.

17. The method according to item 16, characterized in that in the process of knitting back-and-Postup the consistent movement of these two cylinders are connected in rotation with one another by angular device connection located inside the two cylinders.

18. The method according to one of items 1 to 6, characterized in that the said two cylinders (11, 13) are separated during the knitting of Cabinet parts and during the knitting of the parts for the legs at such a distance that the needles of one cylinder does not pass between the needles of the other cylinder.

19. Two-cylinder (11, 13) of the circular knitting machine for the production of clothing, such as shorts, tights and similar items containing two superimposed cylinders (11, 13), the specified machine is operated to perform the steps of knitting at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) the reciprocating motion of the two cylinders and knitting items for legs (9A, 9B) of the continuous circular motion of the two cylinders (11, 13), fit the first part for the legs, characterized in that the machine further controlled such a manner that the arc of the needle (S) remains inactive on each of these cylinders in the knitting process, at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) reciprocating, and these needles, temporarily not active on both cylinders during the knitting of at least one part of the Cabinet parts are used to form lines of involvement (SS) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B).

20. Machine according to claim 19, characterized in that the two superimposed cylinders (11, 13) CME is received at an angle relative to each other so that each cylinder (11, 13) has a needle (15)aligned with platinum (17) of the other cylinders (13, 11) so that the needle (11) one cylinder does not interfere with the needles of the other cylinder in the process of knitting products and both cylinder is made with quality knitting all parts of the product.

21. Machine according to claim 20, characterized in that the platinum (17) has a hook (17A) and heels (T), while between the said hook and patocchi formed recess (17th century), designed for the passage of the corresponding needle (15) forming the loops of the opposite cylinder, platinum (17) one cylinder (11, 13) are held in extended position, when the needle (15) of the other cylinders (13, 11) are driven to construct the loop.

22. Machine according to claim 19, characterized in that the platinum (17) two cylinders (11, 13) have a plane forming loops (17C), essentially aligned with the upper part of the hook (17A).

23. Machine according to claim 20, characterized in that the platinum (17) two cylinders (11, 13) have a plane forming loops (17C), essentially aligned with the upper part of the hook (17A).

24. Machine according to item 21, wherein the platinum (17) two cylinders (11, 13) have a plane forming loops (17C), essentially aligned with the upper part of the hook (17A).

25. Machine according to one of PP-24, characterized in that each cylinder (11, 13) contains control Cams (23, 25) for control according to the corresponding plane (17), provided with an angular movement to the angular change in the position of Cams for different phases of operation of the machine.

26. Machine A.25, characterized in that at each step of the return of the reciprocating motion, in which the needles of one of these cylinders do not operate, control Cams (23; 25) for control plane (17) of the cylinder needles which do not work, move the angle (α; β) relative to its normal angular position, used in the continuous phase of the movement, in order to delay the output of the corresponding platinum (17) relative to the point of formation of the loops of the other of said two cylinders, needles which work to prevent the grazing of these working needles of the specified on the other cylinder.

27. Machine according to one of PP-24, characterized in that the two cylinders are moved to two positions knitting, respectively adjacent the first position and the second spaced position of the two cylinders, provided the device gussets to limit the rotation of the two cylinders, when they are in the first connecting position.

28. Machine according to item 27, wherein the specified device gussets are located inside the two cylinders.

29. Machine p, characterized in that said device gussets contains the pin at the first the of these cylinders and the nest on the second mentioned cylinder, axial translational motion of the two cylinders leads to the passage of the pin into the socket.

30. Machine according to clause 29, wherein the specified pin and the specified socket rigidly connected with the respective cylinders.

31. Knitted article containing Cabinet item (1) and two pieces for the legs (9A, 9B), United on the field of lastovica in which the specified piece body (1) and specified parts for the legs (9A, 9B) are formed continuously knitted fabric without seams, characterized in that in the area of lastovica has a line connection (SS) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B) formed in at least one row of involvement that are common to the two parts to feet and that the specified piece body (1) is formed columns of loops, which extend from the waist (3A, 3B) Cabinet parts (1) to parts of the legs (9A, 9B) and in the lower part of the following columns of loops, which extend from the specified at least one row of involvement, forming a specified line of involvement (SS), to specified parts for the legs (9A, 9B).

32. Product by p, characterized in that the specified line connection (CC) is formed by wezwanie at least two rows.

33. Product by p, characterized in that the above-piece body (1) contains at least one upper part (5A, 5B)formed in two sections connected by two lines in which Azania (m, n)formed on the front and on the back of the product.

34. Product by p, characterized in that the above-piece body (1) contains at least one upper part (5A, 5B)formed in two sections connected by two lines of involvement (m, n)formed on the front and on the back of the product.

35. Product by p, characterized in that the above-piece body (1) contains the lower part (7A, 7B)forming performance of the upper part (5A, 5B) and continued education of lastovica and parts for legs (9A, 9B) of the product, and these lines of involvement (m, n) continue in the upper part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts, and the front line of involvement (m) is connected to the rear line of involvement (n), by means of this involvement (SS), which continues to the lower part (7A, 7V) Cabinet parts (1).

36. The product according to clause 34, characterized in that the above-piece body (1) contains the lower part (7A, 7B)forming performance of the upper part (5A, 5B) and continued education of lastovica and parts for legs (9A, 9B) of the product, and this line of involvement (m, n) continue in the upper part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts, and the front line of involvement (m) is connected to the rear line of involvement (n), by means of this involvement (SS), which continues to the lower part (7A, 7B) of corpus the first part (1).

37. Product by one of PP-36, characterized in that the specified wezwanie is formed by the threads, which form the upper part (5A, 5B) of the said Cabinet parts (1).

38. Product by one of PP-36, characterized in that the two parts for the legs (9A, 9B) formed in equal amounts (N9) column hinge parts for the legs, but such wyzwanie (SS) formed by a number (Nc) of the columns of loops of involvement, and the specified body part (1) contains the upper part (5A, 5B)formed by number (N5) column hinges Cabinet parts, is equal to the sum of the number (N9) columns of loops of the two parts to the legs (9A, 9B) minus the number (Nc) of the columns of loops of involvement (SS).

39. The product according to § 38, characterized in that the above-piece body (1) contains the lower part (7A, 7B)formed by the number of columns of loops equal to the sum of the number (N9) columns of loops of the two parts to the legs (9A, 9B), part of which forms a specified wyzwanie (SS).

40. The product according to § 38, wherein the specified number (Nc) of the columns of loops of involvement is less than half the number (N9) columns loops every detail of legs (9A, 9B).



 

Same patents:

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of technology of knitwear manufacture, in particular to processes of manufacturing knitted goods on knitting machines with electronic programme control, to technology of hosiery manufacture. The method of manufacturing knitted goods comprising areas of knitted fabric with the specified length of thread in a loop when designing, or runner length when knitting, and the weave construction. In this method, the velocity of thread is continuously measured in the area between the thread tension regulator and the knitting mechanism of the knitting machine, according to the measured values of the velocity of thread and the specified values of needle cylinder rate of rotation and the number of needles of the knitting machine, using the computing device the dependence of the length of thread in the loop or the runner length is created on the depth of knocking-over in the "operation mode" according to the specified values of the length of thread in the loop and the created dependence on the computing device the functional command of the thread length regulator in the loop is formed.

EFFECT: improvement of the method.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacturing process of tubular knitwear, principally legwear garment classified as casual clothes, mostly for autumn or winter. According to the invention the product is characterised in that, for example, in the manufacture of tights, while knitting a torso part having a maximum width corresponding to the maximum perimeters of the circumference of human body in its critical standard sections, the length of thread in the loop (ℓ) is increased and simultaneously the total linear density of the threads (T) is increased, preferably by inclusion of additional thread in the knitting process, in which the filling coefficient of knitwear (k) is within the range of 0.85-0.95 and is determined by the formula k=T, where ℓ is the length of the thread in the loop, and T is total linear density of the threads. The proposal does not exclude the construction of products in the form of tights, leggings, shorts, half-stockings and other products where the parts of the product of maximum width are made of thicker yarn and the length of thread in the loop is simultaneously increased.

EFFECT: proposal according to the invention provides creation of a wider range of product sizes, including breeches with treads (tights) and leggings without gore of large sizes.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method comprising the stages when at least one part (5A, 5B) of the body part (1) is knitted by reciprocating motion of two cylinders of the double cylindrical machine and the parts for legs (9A, 9B) are knitted in a continuous circular motion of two cylinders (11, 13). The first part for legs is knitted by the first of the said cylinders, and the second part for legs is knitted by the second of the said cylinders. It is envisaged that the arc of needles (C) remains temporarily inactive on each of the said two cylinders during knitting of the said at least one part (5A, 5B) of the body part (1) by reciprocating motion. Moreover, it is envisaged that the temporarily inactive needles should enter into operation at the end of knitting of the said at least one part (5A, 5B) of the body part (1) by reciprocating motion, as a result a knitting-in line (CC) is formed for connection of two parts for legs (9A, 9B), then knitting is continued by continuous circular motion by all the needles (15) of both cylinders (11, 13).

EFFECT: tights in accordance with the present invention have significantly more comfortable fit, comfort and stability.

50 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: in one of the versions the method comprises the steps of using a plurality of drivers of twisted yarns forming the multilayer structure in the first direction, in which all drivers are able to move promptly relative to each other in a second direction which is perpendicular to the first direction, and form a plurality of intersection points of twisted yarns by moving at least one driver of twisted yarns in the second direction according to the scheme of combining, the binding yarns are moved through a plurality of twisted yarn layers at predetermined positions in the first direction, the binding yarns are fixed in place, the binding yarns are pushed to the side of felled seam of the multilayer fabric and the formed multilayer fabrics are wound.

EFFECT: improvement of the method.

20 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: tubular knitted good, such as socks, is manufactured on a machine with a fixed number of needles in the needle cylinder, the parts of calf, panel, heel and toe and other parts are knitted successively by plated hosiery of at least two threads, one of which is relatively inextensible, such as cotton yarn, the second is elastane or complex elastomer, form the front and rear parts of the product in relation to the man's leg. At that, the front part of the panel and the foot are knitted by incomplete weaving with part of the inoperative needles with formation in place of the inoperative needles of broaches of the two threads, which together form vertical strips in the form of alternating columns of loops and broaches of threads, located across the width of the entire site, or symmetrically relative to the front edge (fold) of the sock, opposite the heel part at placing of the sock on the plane.

EFFECT: ability to use one machine with a predetermined number of needles for knitting goods of different sizes.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method of knitting knitwear with a hood as follows: the individual parts of an item is knitted with flat knitting machine. New is the fact that they are joined together while knitting on both sides in the vertical direction, first stitches of body and left sleeves are connected and then stitches of body and right sleeve by successive shifts of body and sleeve parts relative to each other the required number of steps of needle and production is begun with knitting of bottom of each part of item with incomplete double purls and sleeves and body are knitted with incomplete slur, hood stand area is knitted with incomplete ribbed knitting, construction of body is knitted through the needle on the first front bed on odd needles, then on back bed through on even needles, then stiches of back bed is transferred to the front bed to the free even needles for after knitting of a raw in even needles of the front bed all the stiches are moved on the odd needles of the back bed and stiches on odd needles of the current row are knitted, then knit stiches are moved to the odd the needles of the front bed.

EFFECT: robust and extensible connection of parts.

2 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: fabrics are composed of mixed yarn made from a uniform combination of staple fibers of nylon and cotton. Such fabrics comprise the weight ratio of cotton to nylon, which is in the range of from about 55:45 to about 85:15, and these fabrics also have a mass that is in the range from about 3 to about 8 ounces/square yard. The jersey fabric of this type has the specified combination of good thermal protective properties provided.

EFFECT: high level of uniformity of mixing of staple fibers with very useful properties of abrasion resistance, bursting strength and drying time.

40 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method includes formation from a working thread with a hook or knitting needles of rows of loops from which the corresponding parts of a knitwear is formed, while as a working thread a working thread with parts of varying thickness is used. The thickness of the working thread on its corresponding part of variable thickness is adjusted according to the required thickness of the performed part of the knitwear, for formation of which this part of the working thread is used.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability of the product.

4 cl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: conjugate reinforced thread of rod braiding-type contains a rod part containing polyurethane, and braided portion containing elastomer. Polyurethane contains polyurethane of double prepolymer type. It is obtained from interaction of prepolymer having isocyanate groups at both ends, which is obtained by interaction of polyol and a diisocyanate with one another, and prepolymer having hydroxyl groups at both ends, which is obtained as a result of interaction with each other of polyol, diisocyanate and diol with low molecular weight. Conjugate reinforced thread of rod braiding-type is obtained by spinning of conjugate yarn in a fineness conditions of 18 to 110 dtex, the ratio of core part mass to the braided part from 95/5 to 60/40, and the multiplicity of exhaust from 1.5 to 4.0. Knitted fabric is connected to the use of such conjugate reinforced filament. Item of clothing is obtained by using such knitted fabric.

EFFECT: conjugate reinforced fiber has excellent elongation, has sufficient strength, reveals high transparency, provides a pleasant tactile feeling and has a moderate fitting potential.

7 cl, 6 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: double combined filling-knit fabric based on the double-back stitching and overhead jacquard weave contains a overhead jacquard weave with a wale of elongated double stitches, underlap of each loop of which are connected with loops of different rows of double-back stitching.

EFFECT: broadening the range of knitted fabric due to obtaining the effect of a combination of loops with machines of different classes.

2 dwg

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: fabric has ribs course made from low-elasticity thread and warp-knitted plain course made from high-elasticity thread knitted-through in conjunction with ribs loops on reverse side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric is further provided with additional ribs course of low-elasticity thread and warp-knitted plain course of high-elasticity thread knitted-through, in conjunction with ribs loops, on face side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric may comprise additional warp-knitted plain course of high-elasticity thread knitted-through, in conjunction with ribs loops, on face side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric may comprise at least one ribs course of low-elasticity thread arranged between loop courses with doubled ribs and warp-knitted plain course loops.

EFFECT: elimination of curling of fabric and, accordingly, simplified sewing of articles manufactured from such a fabric.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: weft-knitted double fabric comprises, in various combinations, first row of elastic made from low-stretchable thread, row of jersey structure of hyperelastic thread whose stitches are arranged at face side or at reverse side of knitted fabric, rows of stitches at face side or reverse side of knitted fabric and press thrown-on stitches at face side or reverse side of low-stretchable thread, additional rows of elastic of low-stretchable thread, fourth row of stitches at reverse side of fabric, and press thrown-on stitches at face side of low-stretchable thread.

EFFECT: improved quality of fabric due to elimination of curling of fabric.

4 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: production of knitted articles with pockets.

SUBSTANCE: method involves knitting article on single or double jersey flat machine up to portion where pocket is to be knitted; knitting pocket with sequential reduction until desired depth of pocket is obtained, with following adding; providing reduction of operating needles by more than two rows of stitches; providing transfer of outer stitches or group of stitches at junction sites of sides of pocket sackcloth after each reduction operation, and knitting thread on free needle.

EFFECT: simplified process for manufacture of articles and reduced labor intensity.

FIELD: production of combined double knitted fabric for manufacture of special-purpose underwear articles.

SUBSTANCE: combined double knitted fabric has satin stitch-type courses arranged at both sides of knitted fabric, and transferred links. Satin stitch-type courses are arranged in alternation with lasting rows according to 4+1 pattern. Knitted fabric has additional course within pattern repeat, including lasting links of 2+1 pattern, each second link of which is transferred onto links of adjacent column from reverse side onto face side of knitted fabric, and thrown-on links arranged in courses, from which previous link had been transferred so that cell is formed. In each ninth course, lasting links of 4+1 pattern are offset by two link columns.

EFFECT: provision for producing of knitted fabric with improved form stability and increased heat-shielding properties provided by manufacture of cellular structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: production of knitted fabric.

SUBSTANCE: weft knitted fabric is made by columnar satin stitched weaving and press-type double-rib knit fabric weaving, said weavings being joined with one another through press-weaving underlaps. Columnar satin stitched weavings formed from boucle-type relief twisted yarn intersect with press-type weaving stitches of double-rib knit fabric formed from smooth yarn at face sides of said stitches.

EFFECT: increased form stability of knitted fabric, reduced material usage, elimination of coiling and double-sided boucle effect.

2 dwg

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, weft-knitted fabric of derived weaves, designed for production of domestic, sportive and technical articles.

SUBSTANCE: double-layer knitted fabric comprises two layers of derived lasting weave, said layers being connected with one another. Underlaps of one knitted fabric layer are wound around underlaps of other layer. Each link in each layer has underlap, said underlaps being made elongated. Courses of face links and reverse links are arranged in alternation.

EFFECT: increased form stability of knitted fabric.

2 dwg

FIELD: manufacture of knitted products.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing looping of knitted fabric on two-hook needle, including operation of laying of new thread on needle without throwing and including selective throwing of former threads, with at least one former thread being left on needle.

EFFECT: increased density and reduced unraveling of knitted fabric.

2 dwg

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of patterned weave knitted fabrics.

SUBSTANCE: double weft-knitted openwork fabric comprises portions of background loops formed by double ribbed weave and groups of pattern loops consisting of doubled courses. Each of groups of patterned loops comprises inclined courses with increased clearance closed by zigzag-shaped thread lengths of transferred throw-ups. Inclined courses are arranged at least at an angle of 45 deg to horizontal plane and formed in each pattern repeat by transferring through course the group comprising at least three loops of one side of knitted fabric onto adjacent needles of the same needle bar to one or other side and subsequent transfer in each row of the group of at least four adjacent loops of other side of knitted fabric in the same direction onto needles of other needle bar at least two times in succession.

EFFECT: wider range of types of knitted fabric and articles due to creating openwork pattern of definite texture with portions of inclined courses.

5 dwg

FIELD: production of knitted articles.

SUBSTANCE: method involves setting structure of knitted fabric in the form of repeat pattern consisting of alternating standard elements; converting set structure into machine language code and knitting knitted fabric on programmable machine. Standard elements used by said method are portions of thread with constant properties. Location of standard elements in repeat pattern is set by generalized coordinates thereof, said generalized coordinates being increments of geometric coordinates on thread portion and relative (local) geometric coordinates of leading and tailing parts of said portion.

EFFECT: improved physico-mechanical properties of thread portion.

2 dwg

FIELD: manufacturing of domestic and technical knitted products.

SUBSTANCE: double-layer knitted fabric consists of two satin-stitch layers, patterned or combined single weft-knitted weaving, wherein stitches of one layer are connected with stitches of other layer by selective drawing thereof according to pattern one through the other without throwing thereof onto one another.

EFFECT: wider range of double-layer knitted products and provision for creating basic structure with reduced material usage.

6 dwg

Up!