Balloon-borne hoisting gear

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: balloon-borne hoisting gear comprises the main platform assembly, balloon canopy unit (20) filled with gas easier than air that features sufficient lift to retain its weight and weight of connected onboard cables (30). Operating load weight is carried by several balloon-borne booster units (51) filled with gas easier than air to slide on onboard cables (30) that features sufficient lift to retain its weight and weight of said connected onboard cables to altitude below said canopy at its crown. This device can turn about its vertical axis.

EFFECT: higher stability.

15 cl, 8 dwg

 

The technical FIELD

The invention mainly relates to the field of combined tethered balloons, and more particularly to balloon lifting devices.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

Currently there is a growing interest in the use of tethered balloons to carry loads and perform different tasks on inspection (supervision) and communication tasks. Unlike aircraft with wing invariant geometry or helicopters, these balloons are used helium or hydrogen for the fact that they were in the air. They are unmanned, cheap and secured to the ground using a tethered system, which also provides power to the energy and communications.

In the Webster dictionary the definition of the term "service load", which means: "load, which, presumably, will withstand the design under normal operation(1).

A tethered balloon is designed for lifting, carrying and holding operating load at a predetermined height in the place of its location or deployment in the Earth's atmosphere. Its lifting force must be sufficient to withstand its own weight, the weight of the tethered cable and the weight of the working load. Because the weight of the tethered cable increases with height, the working height of the balloon and its maximum operational load, the lubricant have an upper limit, determined by the design.

Also tethered balloon susceptible to displacement under the action of the wind; the wind will drop the balloon from the ideal vertical position of its placement. To keep the same height, tie the rope of the balloon should be longer, and, because it is offset from the vertical position, the tie cable will SAG. The stronger the wind, the greater the offset (balloon) from the vertical position of its placement; the more slack tie the rope, the greater the weight of the tethered cable. This additional weight will pull the balloon down from its original height.

The present invention relates to neutral with regards to the value of the working load, camoranesijuventus balloon lifting device capable of simultaneously carry a large number of service loads at different altitudes in the Earth's atmosphere.

To explain features of the invention in not depending on the operating load, will conduct the conventional forklift.

In the most basic versions balloon lifting device consists of:

- balloon means for positioning the device in the Earth's atmosphere,

- balloon means for simultaneous resort the existence of a large number of service loads at different altitudes, along the mentioned positioning, and

tools for monitoring and managing the operation of the device.

For comparison, neurostatus forklift has the following:

means for positioning the forklift near or inside a building construction, a vertical shaft lift, built near the building structure and is provided with guides (rails)attached to the mine,

means for deploying the operating load, presents the cab of the forklift and the means to move up and down along the guides of mine forklift, and

means for monitoring and controlling the position of the cab of the forklift, presents several control panels, placed inside the cab of the forklift, and on the floors served by a forklift.

The main novelty of the present invention, besides being a means of positioning and deployment of operational loads are balloon is the property of its independence from the operating load. This feature (as equivalent available several cabins that share the same rails conventional lift) allows to not apply any load to the mine forklift and, consequently, to building the structure.

Search among the prior art did not reveal any patents that would be dealt this invention, however none of the solutions known from the prior art related to the tethered balloons, cannot claim independence from the load or on the simultaneous deployment of a large number of service loads at different altitudes in the Earth's atmosphere. However, the following U.S. patents are relevant to the topic:

U.S. patent No.InventorPublished
5295625Redford (Redford)on March 22, 1994
6227484Miyake (Miyake)may 8, 2001
6241160Redford (Redford)June 5, 2001

Redford announces long, floors, cylindrical device suspended in the atmosphere using toroidal cylinders located along its height. The device helps to provide a convection air movement inside it as a way of collection, transport and distribution of water condensed from the water vapor present in peremeshaem is in the air. The working height in the atmosphere is controlled by a cable wound on a reel with a gear fixed on the ground. On the shell of the cylinder is suspended from the condenser steam. On the surfaces of the condenser is the condensation of the water vapor rising within the device and transfer the collected water in the lower part of the device through a system of pipes spiral form located inside the cylindrical rack device. Water traveling down the tubing in spiral form, will also rotate the device around its vertical axis in order to increase its resistance to the wind in the atmosphere. When the water reaches the bottom of the device, it is sprayed on the ground through the ring of water distribution.

The Miyake reports tethered spherical balloon with an envelope filled with a lighter than air gas, with a gondola attached to the bottom shell of the balloon, vertical stabilizer attached to the same shell, and the connection node to secure the balloon via a tethered cable to the drum with the drive on the ground. The connection node is located opposite the vertical stabilizer of the balloon, while the gondola is located between them in the vertical plane, which is the center of the spherical balloon and its center of gravity. This feature gives a tethered spherical Aeros is ATA enhanced stability against wind. The vertical stabilizer is also attached to the gondola of the balloon stability in windy conditions. When placed at the lower altitudes in the Earth's atmosphere, below 150 m, gondola tethered spherical balloon remains vertical and relatively stationary even when the wind speed is more than 7 meters per second. This feature provides the ability to make use of the cameras installed in the gondola of a balloon, photos from the height of bird flight and video that is not possible when using conventional tethered balloon.

Redford announces high, large diameter, floors and air transport "the hook", with tie ropes from the ground, having a cylindrical column shape in its upper part, on which is placed a cylindrical container and the valve air outlet of the device, and a conical column of variable length in its lower part, where the large valve of the air intake. The suspension system of the device includes a shell, an auxiliary cylinder and the cylinder in the form of a circular ring of large diameter, is placed around the column of cylindrical shape, both of them filled with lighter than air gases. Auxiliary tank has sufficient lifting force to sustain its own weight and the weight of the cylindrical columns. The container in the form of round concaballos diameter is designed to support its own weight, the weight of the rest of the device, including tie cables, and provide additional lifting force to lift the device at high altitude, to solve operational problems. The reduction of air transport "hook" into smaller height is controlled tethered by a rope wound on a reel with a gear fixed on the ground. Cylindrical tank, located inside the cylindrical columns of the device, is used to compensate for the change in the density of outdoor air during cycles of ascent and descent of air transport "dropship". The shell of the auxiliary cylinder and the cylinder in the form of a circular ring of large diameter equipped with a gyroscopic sails, providing rotation of the device during the phase of lifting and lowering to gyroscopically to stabilize the device while in the wind conditions. As the party in destabilizing the inversion layer, the device loads its air transport "Shuttle" a large amount of moist air that is below the atmospheric inversion layer. Transferring this amount of air to a great height in the atmosphere, the drying device and, therefore, heats the air inside its air transport "dropship". This hot and dry air, inside air transport "dropship", produced at the height n of the same atmospheric inversion layer, to start the process of thermal destabilization of the inversion layer.

The INVENTION

The device according to the present invention and its operation will address the limitations of currently known balloons. Balloon lifting device is designed for the separation of medium weight tie rope from media operating load. This feature of the overall design allows the device to simultaneously deploy a large number of service loads at different altitudes in the Earth's atmosphere, without increasing the weight of the harness cable to the device.

The function of a medium weight tie rope device performs one or more balloon blocks, made in the form of a circular dome (hereinafter - circular dome unit)filled with lighter than air gas. Balloon circular dome unit is designed to support its own weight and the weight of its attached balloon (onboard) cables, which replace the tethered cable currently used balloons. These side cables connect the circular dome unit with a rotating circular platform, located on the block of the main platform. Several mounting components are located on the periphery of the block on the main platform, designed to anchor the Oia device on the ground or on the water, based on the water service area.

The function of the carrier operating the load device perform several balloon lifting (booster) blocks with its own independent drive filled with lighter than air gas. Designed to slip on kit onboard device cables, booster unit will carry its own weight and the weight of the working load for deployment at the desired height along the aforementioned side cables.

The modular design of the device will allow you to connect multiple balloon booster blocks, so that they could carry greater operational load, just as it is run multiple locomotives connected to pull a long and heavy train.

Balloon circular dome unit has the characteristics of an improved circular disk of the wing. A circular disk wing, largely escaped the attention of researchers. The literature that detail the aerodynamics of the circular disk of the wing, is quite rare, and occurs from related fields, such as fluid mechanics, aviation and sports engineering.

In 1972, the U.S. Navy began a project to improve sameodes is authorized in the air, light flares, which is essentially stabilized by rotating axisymmetric flying disk. Stilley & Carstens researched aerodynamics flares and other such flying discs. The results of the tests in the wind tunnel were published as a typical graphs of the coefficients of the axial, normal moments and moment of the pitch. Biomechanical and aerodynamic analysis, mathematical models, computer simulation and flow visualization provided an opportunity for explanation of the physics of the circular disk of the wing.

Circular dome unit and its sub-node of the stabilizer dome reminiscent of "bunk flying saucer", a new tandem gyroscopic inertial structure (Tandem Giroscopic Inertial Structure, combining the effects Coanda with hydrodynamics Bernoulli and the law of conservation of moment. In addition, the sub-node of the stabilizer dome enhances the stability of the dome by lowering its center of gravity below the center of application of the lifting force. This property is the high stability of the circular dome unit, expressed in relation to each vertical yaw axis, the roll and pitch, allows you to return to a state of equilibrium where the net amount of effort equal to zero, after any wind disturbance.

To increase stability in the atmosphere, the device RMSE is Stroibank with capability of rotation around its vertical axis, acting as a high vertical gyroscope in the atmosphere. This feature was suggested by the "behavior" of a tropical hurricane, which is the only weather system moving at hundreds of miles from East to West in the Earth's atmosphere. Developed storm system, which resembles a huge cylindrical gyro is stable because of its huge gyroscopic inertia, resulting in the earth and its atmosphere move over her and around her. The observer on the earth's surface, gets the illusion that the hurricane moves from East to West, whereas in fact the structure of the hurricane is sustainable and Earth and its atmosphere is moving from West to East.

The system control device is distributed between the main controller (main control unit), located in the block on the main platform, and several on-Board controllers located in each balloon booster unit. This approach has simplified the management device due to the possibility of using only one type of on-Board controller, limited to this placement only balloon booster blocks.

In the main controller consists of four permanent controller: wired controller, power distribution is, the controller altitude controller stability.

Controllers wired communication and power distribution is made in compliance with current industry standards and do not require additional analysis. Their adaptation to the individual requirements to meet the specific needs of the device is considered ordinary engineering task.

Onboard controllers device monitor managed using gyro propellers installed in each balloon dome unit and turn on the pivot (swivel) propellers and devices to navigate through electric cables installed in each booster unit.

Each balloon booster unit has four devices move through electric cables, four rotatable on the hinge of a propeller and at least four managed using gyro screw - in each circular dome unit.

The electrical energy required for operation of the device, is allocated two of the four on-Board cables, made in the form of bus power. Wired connectivity is provided by the other two on-Board cables, made in the form of the communication bus.

To implement the rotational stability of the electric piroplasma propellers are used, h is usually used to provide rotation and synchronization of the rotation speed of all balloon dome blocks and overhead cables with the speed of rotation of the rotatable circular platform, which is installed on the main unit of the device platform.

To ensure vertical alignment of all balloon blocks of the device, the controller stability uses two independent control module: GPS Sync and Rotational Sync. Because the control modules GPS Sync and Rotational Sync simultaneously, air screws located on each balloon block devices attached either to the control modules, GPS Sync, or to the control modules Rotational Sync.

Management protocols for control modules, GPS Sync, and Rotational Sync adapted to reflect the appropriate operational mode of the device - Modus Operandi (M.O.). Based on the data about the ambient conditions in place, the device can be operated in three MO:

1. MO 1: Stationary negigroskopicny", in which the non-rotating main platform device mounted on stationary ground or above water service area, with its circular platform and all of its in the air units do not rotate

2. MO 2: Stationary gyroscopic", in which the non-rotating main platform device mounted on stationary ground or above water service area, with its circular platform and all of its in the air blocks synchronously rotate, and

3. MO 3: "Mobile Hiroko is practical", wherein the non-rotating main platform of the device is in air or mounted on a mobile service area on the ground or on the water, with its circular platform and all of its in the air blocks synchronously rotate.

The pilot device determines, on the basis of the operating conditions, the best MO and accordingly configures the operating parameters of the controller stability.

For the control module GPS Sync is necessary on the block rotating the main platform of the device and on all balloon booster blocks to set the receiving global positioning blocks (blocks signals gp). The request signal GPS Sync generated by the controller sustainability, will be transmitted on a rotating platform device and on all balloon booster blocks; this will lead to the initiation of reading and storing coordinates of all gp receiving GPS units. Each on-Board controller will compare their own gp coordinates with the coordinates received from the controller stability. Based on this comparison, the on-Board controller will make a decision regarding the orientation and speed of all hinged propellers running GPS Sync for correcting vertical alignment balloon unit.

The controller height uses two independent mo is Ulya height control: one dedicated to the very top of the dome device, and the second is for all balloon booster blocks.

The height of the upper dome unit is regulated by four winches located on the block of a rotating circular platform of the device. These winches are used to control the length of the side cables attached to the very top of the dome.

The height of the balloon booster unit controls the node moving it over the cable and securing the cable; this highlighted hinged propellers used to move the balloon booster unit up and down the side cables. In this way each balloon booster unit can autonomously ascend and descend at any desired height below the level of the top of the dome device. Once reached the desired height, nodes fixation on the balloon cable booster unit fixed on-Board cables.

When the device predicatorum in another service area, block the main platform will work while in the air. Four propeller attached swivels designed for great traction, located on the periphery of the block main platform of devices used for lifting and transporting device in another service area, will be managed remotely, from those in the spirit command of the aircraft, such as transport helicopter.

Thus, the main aim of the present invention is the elimination of restrictions on the use of known tethered balloons and separation medium weight tie cables from media operating load.

An additional objective of the present invention is the provision of the function of medium weight tie ropes one or more balloon dome blocks filled with lighter than air gas. In the air dome unit is designed to ensure the maintenance of its own weight and the weight attached airborne cables, replacement tie the rope conventional balloon.

An additional objective of the present invention is the simultaneous deployment at different altitudes in the Earth's atmosphere a large number of operational loads, using several self-propelled balloon booster blocks, filled with gas lighter than air. Designed with capability of sliding on the onboard device cables, balloon booster blocks will carry on onboard cables its own weight and the weight of loads to deploy them to the desired height.

In addition, the aim of the present invention is to provide a balloon coolnagarrane device, having the same shape as the circular disk of the wing, with fixed underneath subnode stabilizer dome. This configuration design lowers the center of gravity of the balloon dome of the block below the center of application of the lifting force and converts dome unit in tandem gyroscopic inertial structure.

An additional objective of the present invention is to provide rotational stability of the device through the use of propellers that are installed on each balloon block device. Propellers rotate and synchronize the rotation speed of the balloon blocks the device with the speed of rotation of the ground block rotating circular platform.

Another objective of the present invention is to ensure the verticality of the device through the use of Global positioning system (GPS). Electric hinge mounted propellers installed on all balloon control device used to compensate for any movement in the wind migration. These propellers are constantly align the global position of each float unit relative to the global positioning ground block circular platform.

An additional objective of the present invention is to control the height of logo the top of the dome device, through the use of high power winches placed on surface of a rotating circular platform device and employees to change the length of side cables attached to the very top of the dome.

Another objective of the present invention is the ability of each balloon booster unit offline to ascend and descend at any desired height below the height where the top of the dome device, through the use of dedicated hinged propellers, providing moving up and down on onboard device cables.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

Figure 1 shows the vertical projection of the preferred alternative implementation of the present invention in which the balloon means for positioning the device in the Earth's atmosphere is made in the form of a balloon dome of the block.

Figure 2 presents an enlarged vertical projection balloon means to deploy operational loads in the form of a balloon booster unit.

Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical projection of the balloon dome of the block.

Figure 4 is an enlarged vertical projection means to control the device during operation, depicted together with a balloon booster b the eye.

Figure 5 is an enlarged vertical projection means to control the device during operation, are shown together with their partial cross-section.

Figure 6 is a vertical projection of the second variant of implementation of the present invention in which the balloon means for positioning the device in the Earth's atmosphere packaged in the form of two circular balloon dome blocks filled with lighter than air gas, and placed in the atmosphere at different altitudes.

Figure 7 - diagram of the control device, adapted to a second variant implementation of the present invention.

On FIG vertical projection of the third variant of implementation of the present invention, in which the device is rotating, while the block of his main platform is made present in the air.

The BEST WAY of carrying out the INVENTION

The novelty and advantages of the present invention will be better understood by considering the following description of the best mode of carrying out the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

The preferred implementation of the present invention shown in FIGURE 1 - FIGURE 5.

In FIG. 1 shows the preferred implementation of the present invention containing balloon means 10 for positionyou is the device in the Earth's atmosphere, balloon means 50 for simultaneous deployment of multiple service loads at different altitudes in the Earth's atmosphere along the means for positioning the device, and means 120 for controlling the device during its operation.

Figure 1 also shows the device attached to the service area 100, designated as parcel ground service 102.

Figure 1 below shows balloon tool 10 for positioning the device in the Earth's atmosphere that contains this balloon dome unit 20 filled with lighter than air gas, and airborne cables 30.

Figure 2 shows balloon tool 50 to accommodate the operating load, it is then presented in the form of booster unit 51.

Figure 2 also depicts the booster unit 51 containing cylindrical body of circular form 52 filled with lighter than air gas, the lower sub-node 58 round platform, the upper sub-node 56 round platform and the sub-node 70 section operating load.

Figure 2 shows the sub-node section operating load 70, includes side controller 150.

Figure 2 shows the sub-node 58 of the lower circular platform, containing four sub-node 54 nodes moving and fixing on cables and two hinged propeller 160, the implementation of the military as the propulsion system, creating a pushing effect in the direction of up/down.

Figure 2 also shows the sub-node 56 of the upper circular platform with two hinged propeller 160, performed as the propulsion system, creating a pulling force to the left/right.

Figure 2 shows also airborne cables 30, of which two cables 122 made in the form of serial bus power supply, and two cable 142 is made in the form of wire communication bus.

Figure 3 shows the balloon dome unit 20, includes a sub-node in the form of a shell 25 of the dome, the rim 24 of the dome, the hub 21 of the dome and lots of spokes 22 of the dome, connecting the hub 21 of the dome with the rim 24 of the dome.

Figure 3 also shows the balloon dome unit 20, includes a sub-node of the stabilizer 40 dome of this block.

Figure 3 also shows a sub-node of the stabilizer 40 of the dome containing the rim 42 of the stabilizer, the hub 41 of the stabilizer and lots of spokes 44 of the stabilizer connecting the hub 41 of the stabilizer with the rim 42 of the stabilizer.

Figure 3 also depicts the balloon dome unit 20 that contains many vertical rods 48 that is used to connect the hub 41 of the stabilizer with the hub 21 of the dome.

Figure 3 also shows balloon dome unit 20 containing four propeller 170 with management with gyro, two of which that are located diametrically opposite on the rim 24 of the dome, and the other two diametrically opposed on the rim 42 of the stabilizer, however, they are used to control the speed of rotation of the balloon dome unit 20.

Figure 3 also presents balloon dome unit 20 containing two booster unit 51 is placed inside the hub 21 of the dome and inside of the hub 41 of the stabilizer.

Figure 4 shows the booster unit 51 with two hinged propellers 160 posted on its subnodes top round platform 56, made in the form of a rotating motor system.

Figure 4 shows components means 120 of the control device, namely, the block main platform 130, the block of the control unit 131 and the block circular platform 90 that is designed to rotate around the above-mentioned unit of the control unit 131.

Figure 4 shows the block circular platform 90, optionally containing four winches 80, used to adjust the length of the airborne cables 30.

Figure 5 shows a block to the core platform 130, optionally containing four fixing node 110, designed to reinforce the above-mentioned block 130 main platform for the service area 100.

In FIG. 5 shows the block of the control unit 131 attached to the unit main platform 130 many fastening devices 132.

Figure 5 shows the block shield pack is Alenia 131, containing electric motors 98 connected to the subnodes 96 through a pinion gear for engagement with the block 90 circular platform and its rotation.

Figure 5 shows the block of the control unit 131 includes a sub-node 97 axial bearing which allows rotation of the block 90 circular platform in relation to a block of the control unit 131.

Figure 5 shows the block of the control unit 131 that contains the sub-node 125 of the power generator and the main controller 140.

The second variant implementation of the present invention shown in FIG.6 and FIG.7.

Figure 6 shows a second variant implementation of the present invention in which the balloon means 10 for positioning the device in the Earth's atmosphere contain the upper balloon dome unit 26 and the second balloon dome unit 29 filled with lighter than air gas, and placed at different heights in the atmosphere, in order to share the workload created longer and therefore heavier airborne cables 30.

In FIG. 6, also shown:

the first booster block 61 with the first onboard controller 151, placed inside the upper balloon dome unit 26 on the side 30 of the device

the second booster unit 62 with the second onboard controller 152, placed inside the sub-node stabilizatio the and 46 of the dome of the upper balloon unit for airborne cables 30 devices

the third booster unit 63 with the third side controller 153 positioned below the stabilizer 46 dome on airborne cables 30 devices

fourth booster unit 64 to the fourth side controller 154, placed inside the second balloon dome unit 29 on the side 30 of the device

fifth booster unit 65 with the fifth onboard controller 155, placed inside the second balloon sub-node of the regulator 49 dome on airborne cables 30 devices

sixth booster unit 66 with the sixth onboard controller 156 positioned below the stabilizer 49 dome on airborne cables 30 of the device, and

seventh booster unit 67 with the seventh onboard controller 157, placed under the sixth booster unit 66 on the side 30 of the device.

7 shows that the system control device according to the second variant implementation is distributed between the main controller 140 and family onboard controller 151 through 157, placed on the seven booster blocks 61 through 67.

7 shows also the main controller 140, which includes a controller sustainability 146, the controller height 147, wired controller 148 and the controller power distribution 149.

Figure 7 shows also the main controller 140 using the bus power supply 122 and the wire communication bus 142 to communicate with seven the onboard controller 151 to 157.

Figure 7 depicts the controller 149 distribution of electric energy devices using bus power supply 122 and a specified number of unidirectional electronic circuits-gate 123 for the energy distribution for seven booster blocks 61 through 67.

Figure 7 below shows how the contact controller sustainability 146 and the controller height 147 with the family onboard controllers 151 to 157 through the wire communication bus 142, using bidirectional electronic circuits-gate 143.

The controller resistance 146 is used to synchronize the rotation speed of the block is a circular platform with 90 speed all balloon block device.

In addition, the controller stability device 146 also controls the alignment of the vertical axes of all balloon blocks the device with a vertical axis of the block circular platform 90.

Figure 7 also presents the first booster unit 61 and the second booster unit 62 that control the stability of the upper balloon dome unit 26 and balloon subnode of the stabilizer 46 of the top of the dome, through the use of their onboard controllers 151 and 152.

7 shows a fourth booster unit 64 and the fifth booster unit 65 that control the resistance of the second balloon dome unit 29 and the second aerostatically stabilizer 49 dome, through the use of their onboard controllers 154 and 155.

Figure 7 also shows the third booster unit 63, the sixth booster unit 66 and the seventh booster unit 67 as an independent booster blocks, using their onboard controllers 153, 156 and 157 to control their own height and stability.

Third alternative implementation of the present invention shown in FIG. 8.

On FIG shows the basic platform 130 of the device containing four designed for great traction propeller 180, hinged, powerful enough to lift and transport the main platform 130 to relocate the unit to another service area, when the device is in working condition.

On FIG shows two air screw 180 that provides great traction, made in the form of screws for lifting/lowering, and two propeller made in the form of screws for horizontal movement.

On FIG shows also air command aircraft 200, remotely controls the operation of the device during its relocation.

While the above written description of the invention enables the professional in the art to make and use the invention, therefore, which is th currently considered the best, they will be understood and appreciated their dignity contained variations, combinations, and equivalents of the specific variant implementation of the method and examples. Accordingly, the invention should not be limited to the above-described embodiment, method, and examples, and is characterized by all variants of implementation and ways within the scope and essence of the present invention, in accordance with its formula.

Note to terms

1. There is also a translation of the term into English - http://vyww.multitran.ru/: "service load, payload, payload, operational burden". The author had in mind that, in this particular case, means the maximum mass of useful service of cargo that can be tolerated during operation of the device during delivery and at altitude. Hereinafter, the term "operating load" will include the concept of "service load, payload, payload".

1. Balloon lifting device, containing:
a) block the main platform, attached to ground or surface maintenance section, at least one mounting subnode, these block the main platform also contains fixed in its centre block of the control panel and unit circular platform mounted on top referred to the unit main platform and is able to rotate around the above-mentioned unit of the control unit;
b) balloon dome unit with at least two on-Board cables, each cable has a first end and a second end, the first end attached to the aforementioned balloon dome unit and a second end attached to said block, a circular platform, these balloon dome block also contains the rim of the dome, the hub of the dome, the many spokes of the dome and the sub-node shell dome filled with lighter than air gas, and referred to the sub-node shell dome has sufficient lifting force to support the weight mentioned balloon dome unit and the weight mentioned on-Board cables, these balloon dome unit also contains a subnode of the stabilizer dome installed to lower the center of gravity mentioned dome unit below its center of application of the lifting force; and
c) at least two balloon booster unit for simultaneously transferring and placing loads at different heights by sliding on the said airborne cables, and mentioned, at least two booster unit each comprise a cylindrical body of circular form, filled with lighter than air gas, to create a sufficient lifting force to sustain their own weight and gasexploration load, these at least two balloon booster unit each contain subnodes of the upper ring and the lower ring and the sub-node section operating load, and referred to the sub-node section operating load is placed inside the mentioned cylindrical body of circular shape and attached to the said sub-nodes of the upper and lower rings.

2. The device under item 1, in which the said block is a circular platform also contains at least two winches to control the length mentioned on-Board cables and height placement mentioned balloon dome of the block.

3. The device under item 1, in which the said sub-node of the stabilizer dome also contains rim stabilizer, hub stabilizer and the many spokes of the stabilizer, with the said hub dome and said wheel hub stabilizer are connected by a set of rigid rods.

4. The device under item 1, in which each of the said booster units also contains at least two sub-node devices move through the cables that are used for offline raising, lowering or fixation of the respective booster unit on said airborne cables.

5. The device under item 1, in which the said unit control panel contains at least one electric motor, privateshow action subnode pinion, capable of rotating the said block circular platform around the mentioned unit control panel.

6. The device under item 1, in which the mentioned side cables are light, multifunction cables that can carry and distribute electric power for all onboard device nodes.

7. The device under item 1, in which each sub-node of the lower ring contains at least two hinged propeller, made in the form of pushers mentioned booster unit in the direction up or down on the said airborne cables.

8. The device under item 1, in which the said unit control panel also contains a sub-node of the power generator.

9. The device under item 1, in which the said rim of the dome also contains at least two propeller with control using gyroscope mounted for rotation mentioned dome unit together with its attached side cables around the vertical axis of the device.

10. The device according to p. 3, in which the said rim of the stabilizer contains at least two propeller with control using gyroscope mounted for rotation mentioned annular block stabilizer around the vertical axis of the device.

11. The device under item 1, in which the aforementioned balloon dome unit soda the inhabitants also onboard controller.

12. The device under item 1, in which each sub-node of the upper ring contains at least two hinged propeller, designed to rotate mentioned booster unit around the vertical axis of the device.

13. The device under item 1, in which the said unit control panel also contains the main controller.

14. The device according to p. 13, in which said main controller also includes a controller height to adjust the height of the balloon blocks the device and the controller sustainability, which is used to synchronize the rotation speed of the above-mentioned block circular platform with a speed of rotation of all balloon block device.

15. The device under item 1, in which the said unit main platform also contains four hinged, designed for high traction propeller to be used for the relocation of the device, the management mentioned hinged, designed for high traction propellers is controlled through the remote air command center, when the unit main platform of the device is in the air.



 

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5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: lifting system comprises support 20 secured on handler system structure 10 and support receptacle 220. Support 20 is confined by two thrust surfaces on its opposite sides that are arranged at the angle of thrust surfaces relative to each other. Support receptacle 220 has two bearing surfaces with adjoining thrust surfaces. Said bearing surfaces are complementary to said thrust surfaces. Bearing surface may displace. Note here that support 20 or handler structure 10 lifts or descends for purposes of vertical adjustment. Handler receptacle incorporates, at least, one such thrust receptacle 220.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of handler erection.

11 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting devices for transportation of long and bulky cargoes, in particular, windmill blades. Device with lifting body on guide cable ropes comprises rotary tilting gripper 12 connected with mobile controlled winch by pull cable rope and with lifting body by bearing cable rope so that bulky cargo tightened at the center of gravity in gripper in transportation may spontaneously rotate in wind and retain horizontal position. Proposed method is characterised by using above described device.

EFFECT: transportation of bulky long cargoes.

19 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: medical equipment.

SUBSTANCE: firefighting and rescue complex with the lifting platform for application from outside of high-rise buildings relates to the equipment for emergency rescue and fire fighting operations from outside of high-rise and low-rise buildings regardless their height; the essence of the invention lies in that the complex is formed by the modular frame, its modules are fixed to the building one over another and form the single structure providing furnishing of buildings regardless of their height with the equipment securing the execution of three tasks: lifting of firemen with equipment, rescuing people and fire fighting operations by means of three components: the dismountable portable lifts on the rigid and/or flexible guide rails, removable and irremovable platforms for the equipment and vertical ladders and/or stairways; all the components are applied simultaneously and complement one another without interference with one another and in case of breakdown of any of them the rest will allow to perform all the tasks; the offered device represents the complex which is efficient to the maximum effect when massively applied that is when the lifts of different producers can come with emergency rescue service equipment completes and can be used in the buildings having similar guide rails and simplified lifts (unpowered elevators) can be located on all floors of all buildings by the analogy with fire extinguishers; the complex can be folded to be unseen, it can include the autonomous multistage power and water supply delivery; the equipment can be installed in new and existent buildings and be used for construction purposes; the complex can be applied to operation of the faces and atriums of buildings; the figure 1 reveals the lateral view of the complex; the frame is fixed to the building 1, the frame consists of guide elements 2 fixed to the building with holding units 3; the elevator moves up and down on the guide rails, it consists of the frame 4, lifting platform 5, motor 6, transmission 7, clamps 8 and the operating console 9; the complex allows to lift fire-men and rescuers with equipment, perform rescue operations and extinguish fire from outside of high-rise buildings; all the components can be industrially manufactured for the short period of time and mounted from outside of buildings regardless of their height.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of emergency rescue and fire fighting operations.

1 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting-and-conveying machines, namely, to self-propelled lifting-and-conveying machine capable of overcoming steeps surfaces. Proposed machine comprises body accommodating, at least, two sets of linear guide mechanisms. Each said set comprises, at least, three such mechanisms interacting in coordination between themselves and with drives to allow simultaneous alternating stay of one sets in position of opposite-side vertical turn of crosspieces and forming opposite arms of support polygon rockers by support devices, and to allow other sets staying in rocker horizontal turn position to form polygons by support device. Support devices are arranged on opposite arms of linear guide mechanism rockers to automatically adhere to solid vertical wall surface in lowering thereon and to detach therefrom in going up.

EFFECT: up and down motion on wall steep and vertical surface with payload.

6 cl, 8 dwg

Gear mechanism // 2416569

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: gear mechanism comprises rod with outer thread, coupling fitted on said rod and coupling revolution drive appliances. Coupling has chamfer made on thread start and constant-diametre section with axial length corresponding to, at least, one thread. Chamfer features conical surface with rotation symmetry about coupling central axis. Said conical surface and central axis make angle varying from 2 to 35, preferably, from 5 to 15.

EFFECT: reduced vibration in mechanism.

10 cl, 4 dwg

Lifting device // 2393986

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed invention relates to material handing equipment and can be used in various industrial branches. Proposed lifting device comprises carcass accommodating movable frame that can move vertically, frame drive and frame locking devices. Movable frame drive comprises winch with cargo sling, movable unit with movable frame drive steel ropes and winch motor cut-out unit. Winch cargo sling is linked with winch motor cut-out unit via movable unit. Aforesaid carcass represents top and bottom frames inter-jointed by vertical rails.

EFFECT: minimum deviation from horizontal position in upward travel, rigid locking of movable bearing surface at reset level.

5 cl, 2 dwg

Aerostatic lifter // 2374168

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting equipment. Aerostatic lifter comprises flying lifting vehicle connected with surface power supply and control device via load-carrying electric cable (3) wound on the drum mounted on self-propelled platform. Flying-lifting vehicle comprises undercarriage (6), frame (7), and carcass (8) fitted on the frame to accommodate rotors (9) and stators (10) of rotor drives. Aforesaid self-propelled platform can carry undercarriage of aforesaid flying vehicle. Fixed carcass (8) accommodates a pair of coaxial rotors (9) running in opposite directions driven by drive stators with their armatures (11) mounted on frame (7). Aerodynamic surfaces (13) are arranged in inductive airflow zone to rotate driven by motors about their horizontal axes (15), when controlled from the surface power supply device via load-carrying electric cable (3). The latter device allows controlling flying vehicle horizontal and vertical directions.

EFFECT: higher mobility and expanded application range.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises using the system of barrage balloons secured by ropes to surface and wire entanglements. The latter are stretched between said balloons on frames. Besides it comprises application of radar and visual observation means connected to data processing center via wire communication lines. Balloon ropes ends are secured at the surface with the help of containers fitted with reduction gear boxes to vary altitude of said balloons by rope winding-unwinding.

EFFECT: efficient countermeasures.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems intended for power supply of ground objects from space. Power supply system comprises, at least, one space solar power station 1, ground control station 2 with accumulation system 3, and intermediate power reception station composed of controlled tethered balloon. Solar photo converters 5 and lasers 6 are arranged on the surface of balloon 4 for guidance to space power station 1 while on side facing the Earth IR converters 7 are arranged. Balloon 4 is preferably shaped to disc retained above clouds by cable 8 connecting it with ground system 3. Motors 9 connected with service module 10 are mounted on side surface of balloon 4. Cable 8 is connected with the system of balloon gas bags 11. Space solar power station 1 represents the Earth satellite composed of self-contained photo converting modules, focusing mirror system, super condensers, and remote power transmission system. Besides, it comprises instrumentation-propulsion module with control systems and data exchange system.

EFFECT: higher power production efficiency.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method and device for transfer of long-length bulky cargoes using lifting body on guide cables. Cargo (windmill blade) carried by balloon on guide cables is tightened by bearing cable at its center of gravity in rotating-tipping front-end tool. Said cargo is carried by several mobile controlled winch by means of transfer windlass cable secured at front-end tool. Crane windless cables are lifted by lifting cables to crane assembly and locked thereat by remote control means. In crane mode, crane windless cables are unlocked to be lowered from crane assembly to controlled winches and connected therewith. By varying free length of separate crane windless cables, cargo is set to required position. Crane assembly represents spatial structure in diameter increasing relative to vertical axis toward center from both ends to maximum. Crane bottom section has several cane windless cable guide rollers while top section has guide rollers for lifting cables of transfer safety ring.

EFFECT: transfer over great distances in highlands and other sever conditions.

10 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to development of tethered balloons. Proposed complex comprises balloon gas bag, tether, coupler secured to gas bag whereto attached via top support element are gimbal joint with two degrees of freedom and bottom support element to carry payload, surface control station and communication means to transmit control commands. Payload is arranged for azimuth rotation about bottom support element vertical axis, driven by electric motor controlled by electronic control unit incorporating speed and acceleration transducers. Top support element is furnished with knock-down lock whereto attached is rotary fastener rigidly secure to horizontal top disc. Gimbal joint upper fork is jointed to upper disc bottom surface and accommodates gimbal joint ring fitted on joint first pin. Gimbal joint bar is arranged inside joint ring on joint second pin arranged perpendicular to aforesaid first pin. Gimbal joint bar lower end is jointed to bottom support element. Top ends of two extra dampers are secured to one vertical element of joint fork on the side of two opposite side surfaces. Bottom ends of said dampers are attached to damper bracket arranged on bottom support element so that dampers in initial position are located vertically and in parallel.

EFFECT: stable images, higher accuracy of observation camera alignment, simplified design.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lifting devices for transportation of long and bulky cargoes, in particular, windmill blades. Device with lifting body on guide cable ropes comprises rotary tilting gripper 12 connected with mobile controlled winch by pull cable rope and with lifting body by bearing cable rope so that bulky cargo tightened at the center of gravity in gripper in transportation may spontaneously rotate in wind and retain horizontal position. Proposed method is characterised by using above described device.

EFFECT: transportation of bulky long cargoes.

19 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aeronautics. Proposed method comprises using ground vehicle in carrying cargo and, in carrying counter cargo, using rope and aerostat. Note here that second rope, ground vehicle with winch for rope and aerostat with suspended pulley block are used. Winch rope is secured to aerostat, while second rope is secured to ground vehicle and, via aerostat pulley block, to counter cargo so that, with vehicle moving on slope, winch is unwound to keep aerostat at one altitude.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of overcoming sand runs.

1 dwg

Kytoon // 2372248

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighter-than-air airships. Proposed kytoon comprises balloon, anchor rope, ground support equipment and pay load. Anchor rope represents rope-hose with one or several gas spaces to feed gas to fill balloon and that for electric generator that supplies onboard equipment, payload and motors. The latter are used to oppose wind force and hold kytoon at preset operating point.

EFFECT: increased time of continuous operation at larger altitudes.

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: balloon has an envelope filled with a gas lighter than air and/or with a hot air, a rigid carcass carrying the said envelope, a nacelle, slings to suspend the nacelle and anchor cables. The nacelle is tightly coupled with the envelope and features a funnel-like widening at its top and a central channel along its lengthwise axis to limit air intake into the envelope. The balloon envelope can be made from conducting material to make an electrode in a storage battery intended for utilisation of atmospheric electricity, or can be used as an antenna, or can house a particular antenna for communication purposes.

EFFECT: expanded potentialities.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: navigation.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises producing elevating force for an aircraft, climbing the platform for wireless net for transmitting information up to a given level, and locking the aircraft and platform at a given point of the surface by means of a flexible link. The flexible link is made of a flexible torsion that is set on the cylindrical shell and has a length no less than the given height of the platform. The device comprises hollow housing provided with two mutually perpendicular openings and closer of the circuit of transmitting torque mounted in the space of the housing for permitting axial movement and rotation around the vertical line. The flexible link is made of a flexible torsion that is set in the cylindrical shell. The top end of the torsion is secure to the pin of the thrust propeller, and the bottom end is provided with the clutch member having gearing member connected with the source of torque. The flexible link passes through the mutually perpendicular openings in the housing. The closure of the circuit has outer teeth of spline transmission for engaging the source of torque provided with teeth of the conical transmission.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: means for support of navigation of air platforms used for forming wireless information transmission systems within line-of-sight range in preset geographic region.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes creation of lifting force of flying vehicle for keeping the platform at preset altitude and holding the flying vehicle and air platform in preset point of surface with the aid of flexible rod which is used as channel for feeding the supply energy for forming the thrust vector of flying vehicle lifting force. According to invention, gaseous medium is used as energy carrier for forming the supply energy. Working medium is charged under pressure to energy supply channel of flexible rod and at outlet of this channel energy of gaseous working medium is converted into energy creating the lifting force of flying vehicle. For creating the lifting force, energy of gaseous working medium in form of combustible or natural gas may be converted into electric power or reactive thrust at output of energy supply channel. According to first version, instrument bay of air platform is provided with at least one fuel element for conversion of combustible or natural gas energy into electrical energy and flexible rod is provided with hollow channel whose lower end is brought into communication with combustible or natural gas source; upper end of flexible rod is provided with at least one fuel element whose electrical output is connected with input of electric motor of tractor propeller. According to second version, flexible rod is provided with hollow channel whose lower end is brought into communication with combustible or natural gas source or compressed air source and upper end is connected with rotating engine of tractor propeller made in form of jet engine or in form of ramjet engine provided with ignition element for ignition of combustible or natural gas or in form of converter for conversion of compressed air pressure into rotary motion of tractor propeller.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of navigation of air platforms due to enhanced lightning protection and climatic stability of power supply to tractor propeller engine and air platform instruments.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transportation power systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system includes transport facilities, captive balloon, captive cable used for holding and guiding the transport facilities and wind-power electric stations mounted on captive balloon and used for motion of transport facilities. Captive cable is provided with two (or more) current conductors fastened with insulating layers made from high-strength material. Each current conductor is located in vertical longitudinal plane and is fastened to ends of captive cable through insulating layers and is connected with respective wind-power electric station. Outer surfaces of current conductors located in vertical longitudinal planes are provided with current-conducting wear-resistance coats.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability of system in upper layers of troposphere.

2 cl, 2 dwg

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