Unit of coupling of tubular rods
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely, to units of connection of tubular rods, which are implemented when manufacturing supports of power transmission lines, cellular communication supports, etc. The unit of coupling of tubular rods includes an upper single tubular rod, to the end of which a horizontal flange is fixed, and a response flange, to which at the angle there are ends of lower tubular rods fixed. The response flange is made as separate for each lower tubular rod. Besides, at the end of each tubular rod there are two vertical flanges on each one, being tightened by bolts with similar flanges of adjacent ends of the lower tubular rods. The horizontal and response flanges along the perimeter are tightened by bolts.
EFFECT: increased stiffness of a unit.
2 cl, 4 dwg
The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the nodes connecting the tubular rods that are implemented in the manufacture of power transmission line supports, supports cellular etc.
Known collapsible connections, tubular rods, including the ends of the tubular rods with embedded gussets and attached flanges tightened between the bolts [RF Patent №2272109, IPC E04B 1/58. Bulletin No. 8 dated 20.03.2006].
A disadvantage of the known nodal connections of tubular rods that the site does not provide connection of several tubular rods: three, four, etc.
Know another hub connecting multiple tubular rods [Metal structures. The guide designer. Vol.2. Under the General editorship of V.V. Kuznetsov. M., 1998, str, Fig. 17,12 g].
Nodal connection of tubular rods includes the ends of the tubular rods with flanges which, when the screws are connected with similar flanges welded spatial insert, also of tubular elements.
The disadvantage of this connection node is the difficulty of manufacturing welding spatial insert flange.
Closest to the invention to the technical essence is the connection node of tubular rods, including top single tubular rod with a horizontal flange at stake is e and the return flange, to which angle attached intermediate segments of tubular elements with flanges at the ends, through which the flanges are attached to the lower tubular rods [the Patent for useful model №66363. IPC 02D 27/42. Bulletin No. 25 dated 10.09.2007].
The disadvantage of the connection node of the tubular rods is the increased consumption of steel and greater complexity of manufacturing due to the presence of the intermediate segments of the tubular elements and the spatial rigidity of the site as a whole.
The invention is aimed at reducing the consumption of steel, the complexity of the manufacturing process and increasing the stiffness of the node.
The technical result of the invention is ensured by the fact that the node connection of tubular rods, including top single tubular rod with a horizontal flange on the end of the second flange, to which the angle attached to the ends of the several lower tubular rods, and the flanges around the perimeter tightened bolts, second flange is made separately for each of the lower tubular rod, and the end of each tubular rod is further provided with two vertical flanges, which are tightened with bolts and similar flanges of adjacent ends of the tubular elements. The greatest efficiency is achieved if the tubular rods to perform in the form of a truncated pyramid multifaceted cross-Sich, the tion, in this case, all the ends of the tubular rods are connected to each node by the base of the pyramid.
1 shows a variant of a support with three lower tubular rods, realized with the application of the proposed connection node of the tubular rods (site A, Figure 1). Figure 2 shows a section 1-1 in figure 1. Figure 3 shows a section 2-2 in figure 1. Fig 3 shows a variant of the cross-section of the tubular rods.
The connection node of the tubular rods (site A, Figure 1) includes the upper single tubular rod 1, the end of which is attached a horizontal flange 2 and the counter flange 3, the flange 3, is made integral separately for each tubular rod, angle attached to the lower ends of the tubular rods 4, for example three. In addition, at the end of each tubular rod 4 are installed on the two vertical flange 5, which bolts 6 are tightened with similar flanges of adjacent ends of the tubular rods 4. The flanges 2 and 3 on the perimeter drawn between them by bolts 7. The basis of a single tubular rod 1 made, for example, in the form of a hollow truncated pyramid multifaceted cross-section (Figure 4), are welded to the horizontal flange 2. To the ends of the tubular rods 4 are welded response separate horizontal flanges 3 and additionally two vertical flange 5, mounted on the rods 4 with the possibility sommese the Oia them with similar flanges 5 of the adjacent tubular rods 4 to provide a spatial stiffness of the node. Combine the flanges 2, 3 and vertical flanges 5 with connecting with them and pull together respectively by bolts 6 and 7.
The invention allows the manufacture of overhead power lines, poles cellular etc. Proposed solution to this nodal connections reduces the amount of steel, reducing the complexity of the manufacturing process, increases the rigidity of the node.
1. The connection node of tubular rods, including top single tubular rod with a horizontal flange on the end of the second flange, to which the angle attached to the ends of the several lower tubular rods, and the flanges around the perimeter tightened bolts, characterized in that the return flange is made separately for each of the lower tubular rod, and the end of each tubular rod is further provided with two vertical flanges that bolt tightened with similar flanges of adjacent ends of the tubular rods.
2. The connection node of the tubular rod according to claim 1, characterized in that the tubular rods are made in the form of a truncated pyramid multifaceted cross-section.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a connection head for a system of assembly of structures with one upper end and one lower end. A middle longitudinal axis is stretching between the upper and lower end, and at least one connection flange arranged between upper and lower end with the support surface for beam adjacency. According to the invention the connection flange and the support surface have side displacement relative to the radial plane to the longitudinal axis, and the support surface is arranged in parallel to the radial plane.
EFFECT: improved design.
4 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: girder supporting joint on truss includes upper truss band and adjoining diagonal braces with misaligned axes. In a truss joint, a girder rests on truss band with eccentricity causing the joint to rotate in a direction opposite to rotation caused by brace misalignment. Crossing point of upper band axis with compressed diagonal brace axis is considered to be the centre of truss joint rotation, and girder support eccentricity is e=M/P where M is the joint torque in girder generated by forces in diagonal braces adjoining the band; P is a force exerted by the girder on upper truss band.
EFFECT: reduced material consumption per truss in girder coverage.
SUBSTANCE: joint comprises ends of connected elements with separate flanges along the height of the cross section and bracing bolts. A curvilinear sheet gusset is placed between separate flanges. The gusset is fixed by the ends to flanges, and along the convex surface - to the preliminarily cut cross section of the connected elements.
EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of a connection.
SUBSTANCE: each crossbar is concreted with support cantilevers, in a groove is made in the pillar. Connecting elements of the crossbar are made in the form of a steel rope with clamp couplings pressed at its ends. Concrete extraction is continued until the working reinforcement of the pillar is exposed. The crossbar comprises support cantilevers from a steel rolled shape with protrusion outside the limits of the crossbar end. Each of rope elements is preliminarily folded in two to form a loop protruding beyond the end of the crossbar. Ends of rope elements are solidified in the body of the crossbar. Then crossbars are installed into the design position relative to the pillar. Afterwards in the pillar recess they bend the loops of ropes, which are inserted between the working reinforcement of the pillar, and then spread into the design position. Additional reinforcement rods are placed inside the loops of the ropes. Afterwards the formwork and the node of connection are installed in the volume of the recess and filled with concrete.
EFFECT: lower labour intensiveness of assembly, increased operational capabilities and reliability.
SUBSTANCE: universal building element includes a wooden rod with steel tips fixed at the ends and equipped with connecting elements. The wooden rod is made with square or round section and is equipped with central holes in ends for a connection element. The tip is made as capable of using connecting elements of various type installed on it and is formed by an end pad with a central threaded hole that adjoins the end of the wooden rod and combines diametrical opposite four add-on flat plates with holes, with the help of which the steel tip is installed and fixed on the wooden rod by means of dowels pressed in it via holes in the specified plates of the tip. Side surfaces of the ends of the wooden rod of round section that interact with the tip are made as flat in mutually perpendicular directions.
EFFECT: increased strength characteristics.
7 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: nodal joint comprises a collapsible nodal element, made of joined four-face gussets with holes in walls, to which rod ends are fixed by bolts. The joint comprises a hollow metal core of square section arranged in the centre of the nodal joint and a combining gusset. Each of gussets is made with a shelf and vertical walls, two of which are mutually perpendicular, and the wall located between them is connected with the core wall. Between adjacent walls of the gussets there is a gap, in which there is a tip of a rod element. The core is equipped with a central bolt, rigidly fixed with the help of a pad in its base with a protruding end. The core base is arranged in the nodal element with a ledge in respect to the external face of the gusset shelf. On the protruding end of the central bolt there is a disc pad adjoining the core base and equipped with holes that match holes in the shelves of gussets in their location. Between the disc pad and the shelves of gussets there is a gap, where tips are installed and fixed.
EFFECT: higher joint reliability.
3 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: unit of frame coupling includes a latticed crossbar and a V-shaped column. The crossbar is made with belts from channels or C-shaped profiles. Between the walls of the crossbar belt profiles there are shelves of channels or C-shaped profiles of the column coupled with walls arranged and fixed as overlapping. Units of crossbar belts crossing with column belts are connected by diagonals. Diagonals are made of two steel strips with width of at least one and a half height of the crossbar belt profile. The thickness of strips makes at least a half of the crossbar profile or column thickness. Diagonals are arranged in units of crossbar and column crossing between their belts. Diagonal links of identical directions are tightened to each other by bolts.
EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of a frame and its units of coupling of a frame crossbar with columns.
SUBSTANCE: unit of a metal frame carcass of a building includes a double-tee column, combined with a double-tee beam, which creates a column cantilever, which is rigidly connected in the zone of least bending torques by means of flanges on high-strength bolts with a crossbar, having the cross section corresponding to the section of the column cantilever. The column is equipped with an upper stiffening rib and paired lower stiffening ribs, symmetrically arranged at both sides of the column wall in the level of the lower shelf of its cantilever. Between the upper and lower stiffening ribs of the column in parallel to its shelves there is a vertical rib for connection of the spacer and the vertical link to it, and to the column wall above the neutral axis of its cantilever and in parallel to its shelf there is a polygonal plate attached to the shelf, and this plate protrudes beyond the edge of the upper stiffening rib, for fixation of the horizontal link. Central longitudinal axes of the spacer, horizontal and vertical links are connected in one point arranged in the frame plane.
EFFECT: unit strength improvement.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: metal frame assembly for a low-rise building comprises a double-tee pillar, having alternating cross section by height within a lower floor, with paired horizontal symmetrical stiffening ribs at both sides of its wall, which are arranged in the plane of upper and lower shelves of a double-tee beam connected to the inner shelf of the pillar to form a cantilever. The free end of the cantilever in the area of least bending torques is connected by means of high-strength bolts with a crossbar, having a cross section corresponding to the cantilever section. Between horizontal stiffening ribs of the pillar there are ribs installed for connection of spacers to them, which are displaced from a neutral axis of cross section towards the outer shelf of the pillar and are installed in parallel to it. A vertical rib is welded to the inner shelf of the pillar and to the upper belt of the cantilever as arranged in the plane of cantilever walls and the pillar. The crossbar with the pillar cantilever is connected by means of flanges welded to their ends and protruding beyond the limits of their upper shelves, at the same time the crossbar and the cantilever are equipped with supporting ribs of their upper shelves and supporting ribs of their walls.
EFFECT: reduced material intensity of a unit due to its higher stiffness.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: ridge unit of connection of a frame carcass of a building includes crossbars of double-tee cross section that are arranged at the specified angle to each other and rigidly connected to each other by means of flanges welded to ends of crossbars at high-strength bolts. The ridge unit at least at one side of crossbar walls is equipped with a pair of spacers having a closed cross section arranged above the neutral axis of crossbar section and symmetrically relative to flanges. Each spacer is equipped with a flange of a T-shaped cross section, the shelf of which is rigidly connected with the end of the spacer, and the wall is arranged in the plane of the vertical or horizontal axis of spacer section and is connected on bolts with a plate attached perpendicularly to the crossbar wall, in parallel or perpendicularly to the crossbar shelf, at the same time the distance from the plane that separates flanges to the centre of gravity of spacer section shall not exceed 1.5 d, where d - transverse size of the spacer along its central axis parallel to the crossbar shelf.
EFFECT: higher stability of a crossbar from a frame plane and reduced metal intensity of a unit.
11 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly connections specially adapted for particular building parts or for particular building structures and units.
SUBSTANCE: method involved using embedded members made as metal cylindrical cartridges arranged in concrete body of units to be connected in joint area thereof and metal connection member. Cylindrical cartridge interior is previously filled with adhesive composition. One end of connection member is placed in metal cartridge of the first unit to be joined, another end is inserted in that of the second one. Flange is welded to metal cartridge end. Flange is bored at 40° - 50° for the depth of 0.5 - 0.7 of flange thickness and conical flange bore passes into cylindrical one having dimension corresponding to metal connection diameter, which forms fixing clawing funnel. Ratio between inner cartridge diameter and connection member diameter is equal to dc,in/dcm = 1.5 - 2.0, where dc,in is inner cartridge diameter, dcm is metal connection diameter. Wherein resting outline is formed in area of metal cartridge abutment to flange. Resting outline has ledge of not less than 5 mm when connection member diameter is 10 - 30 mm, which prevents shear deformation development, increases squeezing degree and blocks metal connection. Cartridge has length Lc = (10-12)·dcm, which prevents slip of metal connection.
EFFECT: simplified assemblage technology.
FIELD: building, particularly means for connecting building structures.
SUBSTANCE: joining device comprises several similarly sized members overlapped so that non-contacting parts are spaced apart. The members are connected with bolt. Connection parts of each member are formed as rimmed orifice having extension and depression with central aperture. Bend is made on one member side. Extension and depression may be shaped as cone, ball or truncated pyramid and formed on one or both member ends. Bolt has a cavity, outer contour of bolt head mates that of inner depression.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs for building structure mounting and demounting.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for forming wooden arches, frames and trusses.
SUBSTANCE: ridge unit comprises adhesive-bonded wooden members, hinge and covering members. Unit is provided with glass-fiber plates defining curvilinear section in plane and glass-fiber semispherical heads arranged in glass-fiber plate centers. Semispherical heads are inserted in depressions made in glass-fiber centering rim. The rim edges are inserted in slots of wooden covering members. Glass fibers in curvilinear plates are oriented along plate height and width of adhesive-bonded wooden member ends. The plates does not project beyond boundaries of above ends.
EFFECT: increased strength and reduced material consumption.
FIELD: building, particularly to produce light building structures, namely in building site.
SUBSTANCE: connection includes ends of members to be connected, tightening bolts with washers. Conical depression and conical boss are formed in washer surfaces facing each other. When nut is tightened on tightening bolt the members are jammed in conical cavity between the washers.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity of the connection.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to create rod structures of pipes.
SUBSTANCE: butt-joint comprises tubular rod ends, ribs and tightening bolts. The ribs are inserted in cuts made in tubular rods and connected one to another in crossing areas along the full length thereof. Flanges are spaced from tubular rod ends.
EFFECT: reduced flange mass.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to connect arch members during movable building erection.
SUBSTANCE: joint connection comprises arch member ends with fastening members fixedly connected to arch member ends, cylindrical joint insert with two side covering members connected thereto and tightening bolts. The fastening members are made as pipe cuts. The side covering members are provided with coaxial orifices arranged along a circle. Fastening members pass through the coaxial orifices.
EFFECT: simplified production and increased accuracy of joint connection assemblage.
FIELD: building, particularly to connect rod members of building structure with triangular three-layered roof deck panels.
SUBSTANCE: joint connection comprises three-dimensional hollow member to connect rods of triangular grid. The hollow member is solid and defines hexagon. The hollow member has one truncated end. The hollow member comprises support panel made as round plate with U-shaped spaced apart clips fixedly connected to plate along plate perimeter. The clips are adapted for deck panels connection. Triangular three-layered panels are overlapped and connected one to another. Mounting covering strips are connected to ends of all panels so that one strip end is flush with upper rib surface, another strip end is inserted in U-shaped clip.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity of the structure.
FIELD: building, particularly means to reinforce timber structures along with member connection on head block.
SUBSTANCE: reinforcement unit comprises compressed rod, belt and reinforcing side covering plates. The plates are made of angle bars and provided with transversal diaphragms. Side covering plates enclose belt section corners and pass through slots made in compressed rod.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, prevention of head block unit deformation and shearing.
SUBSTANCE: pipe junction comprises ends of pipes that are set one in the other, face plug, slots made in the pipe of greater diameter, and connecting member secured to the pipes by welding. The connecting member is made of a ring member mounted at the end of the pipe of smaller diameter, and the slots in the pipe of greater diameter do not reach the end of the pipe.
EFFECT: enhanced strength and simplified manufacturing of the joint.
FIELD: metal truss building, particularly to erect bridge span structures.
SUBSTANCE: joint includes a number of segments and connection pipes. The joint is formed as two stamped halves connected with each other by welds to form cylindrical connection pipes provided with flanges. The flanges are welded to the connection pipe ends.
EFFECT: improved manufacturability and operational reliability.