Device to fix panel, fastening element of panel, panel support and method for fixation of panel structure
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for panel fixation, providing for fixation of the panel on a support with two fastening grooves at the opposite sides, which during installation of the panel are located oppositely to the device of panel fixation, comprising two primary ledges, which are adapted to cover two lateral opposite sides of the support; at the same time each primary ledge comprises a secondary ledge transversely directed inside, capable of being installed into one of appropriate grooves of the support or being located behind it. One or several such elements as the panel, primary or secondary ledges, are flexible or resilient, therefore secondary ledges under action of the bending force may be elastically removed or stretched from opposite lateral sides of the support, and upon termination of the bending force action, are able to engage with the appropriate groove.
EFFECT: improved reliability.
15 cl, 16 dwg
The technical field to which the invention relates.
The present invention relates to a panel Assembly and method of assembling the panel.
The invention, in particular, applicable to the panels used in the construction of domestic appliances, such as refrigerators, but may find application, in General, when fixing the panels.
The level of technology
Consumers are constantly demanding more flexible-plan kitchen, where the refrigerator will be the basic component.
According to the present invention is proposed panel design, which is easily assembled at the factory. In addition, according to some variants of the invention, the proposed panel design that can be modified on the spot. The panel can be decorative.
Disclosure of inventions
According to one embodiments of the invention a device mounting panels, providing the lock bar on the anvil, on two opposite sides which provides mounting recess, which when installing panels are opposite the device mounting panel containing two primary protrusion is made with the possibility of coverage of the two lateral opposite sides of a support, with each primary lug includes transversely inward of the secondary protrusion that can fit in the bottom of the respective grooves of a support, or to stay behind her, moreover, one or more of elements such as (a) panel (b) primary tabs or (b) the secondary tabs are flexible or elastic, allowing the secondary projections under the action of bending efforts can elastically be discharged or hang out from opposite sides of a support and at termination, bending efforts could be linked with the corresponding notch.
The panel may be formed as a single unit with the first pair of projections and the second pair of tabs.
According to the invention also offers the fastening element panel provided to secure the cover on the support, on two opposite sides which provides mounting recess, which when installing panels are located opposite the fastening element, containing:
the first elongated bar;
a second elongated bar, protruding from the edge of the first slat in the transverse direction; and
a third elongated bar, a transverse second strap;
the first, second and third strips form the profile.
one or more of elements such as (a) panel (b) the second strap and the third strap are flexible or elastic, allowing the opposite third strap fastening element under the action of bending efforts can elastically be discharged or hang out from opposite sides od the market and at the termination of the bending efforts could be linked with the corresponding notch.
Two fastener panels can be mounted on opposite sides of the panel, while the third plank of each of the fastening element facing away from the edge of the panel inside.
The panel may be made of a material selected from the group consisting of metal, glass, acrylic, polymeric materials, laminates or composite materials.
The fastening elements can be fixed to the panel using adhesive.
The mounting panel may contain additional fastening means for fastening the panel to the support.
As an additional fastening means can be used double-sided adhesive tape.
Additional fastening means may be a hook and eyelet fastening means (such as "Velcro"), having a first pad mounted on the panel, and mating with her second pad mounted on a support.
At least one of the pads can be placed in the recess, thereby reducing the space between the panel and support.
In addition, according to the invention offers support panel containing essentially flat surface and a pair of opposite notches adapted to be coupled with directed inside the tabs panel design.
According to the invention further provides a method of fastening design is the panel to the support, includes elastic stage leads inward secondary protrusions device mounting panel and the stage clutch inward protrusions with corresponding notches of support.
Brief description of drawings
Option implementation or embodiments of the present invention hereinafter will be described by example with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Figure 1 shows a panel according to the first variant of the invention, end view;
figure 2 - panel presented on Fig 1;
figure 3 - panel design according to the second variant of the invention, end view;
figure 4 - mounting the structural members of the panel presented on figure 3;
figure 5 - ready to use panel having the structure presented in figure 3;
figure 6 - frame wall or door, which can be fixed panel having a design according to alternate embodiment of the invention;
figure 7 - the door panel according to one embodiments of the invention, which should be fixed on the door, end view;
on Fig - phase I attachment technique, consisting in the imposition of a panel presented on Fig.7, at the door;
figure 9 - panel mounted on the door;
figure 10 - alternative means of attaching the panel to a support;
on Phi is .11 - panel with additional fastening means;
on Fig enlarged view in section of an additional fastening means;
on Fig - alternative means of mounting panels;
on peg - modified door frame;
on Fig - fixing node handle, type in the incision;
on Fig panel before mounting on the refrigerator door.
The principle of numbering used on the drawings is that the digits before the point indicates the number of the drawing, and the numbers after the dot denotes a reference position. In the different drawings to designate the same elements as possible, use the same reference position. If the drawings have duplicate items or items that are shown in mirror image, to facilitate understanding of repetitive elements is only assigned to the reference position.
Understood that the drawings are used for illustrative purpose, the image elements are not exact and drawings are not necessarily made to scale, unless otherwise specified. In the drawings the objects aimed to illustrate their characteristics, and therefore the orientation of the drawings do not necessarily match the orientation of the objects you are using.
The implementation of the invention
The invention will be described on the example of variants of its implementation with reference to the accompanying che is the intellectual property.
Figure 1 shows the end view of the panel 1.004, constructed as a unit with the mounting means to 1006, 1.008, 1.010, 1.012 according to the first variant embodiment of the invention.
Panel 1.004 is essentially a flat rectangular panel and has mounting tabs 1.006, 1.008, 1.010, 1.012 at opposite edges. The fastening projections presented in figure 1, contain the primary protrusions 1.006, 1.010, which are located transversely of the panel 1.004. Preferably, the protrusions 1.006, 1.010 have a curve to generate more force attachment. For example, the protrusions may be rejected inward from the direction perpendicular to the panel. Preferably, the angle of the protrusions is from about 2° to 4°. The ends of the protrusions 1.006, 1.010 wrapped inside, resulting in a second set of protrusions 1.008, 1.012, which cross the ledges to 1006, 1.010, forming the first set. Preferably, the secondary protrusions may also be dismissed from the direction perpendicular to the primary projections, and may be positioned approximately parallel to the plane of 1.004.
Panel and the mounting tabs can be made of the same material, therefore, can be used by pressing or stamping. For example, the panel may be made of metal or plastic.
According to the further description with reference to Fig.-9, at least one element such as a panel 1.004, primary tabs 1.006, 1.010 or secondary protrusions 1.008, 1.012, preferably, is quite flexible, allowing the secondary protrusions can elastically be discharged or thibetica out, and able to grapple with the recess in the support, placed in it or behind it. The drawings are not to scale. According to one embodiments of the invention the primary protrusions may be about 72 mm, and the secondary protrusions may be in the order of 37 mm, the Width of the secondary protrusions may be about 20 mm or less, while according to another variant of the invention, the width may be approximately 3 to 4 mm up to width from 10 to 12 mm.
The top and bottom edges of the panel and the primary projections may be bent inward. Directed inside the creases can be coupled with the recess in the floor to close the Assembly before applying the foam.
Figure 2 presents a bottom view of the panel shown in figure 1. Panel 2.004 has a rectangular shape, and along its opposite long sides formed mounting tabs. The bending of the tabs provides sufficient fastening force to the fixed panel is held in place by, for example, as shown in Fig.7-10.
Alternatively, or additionally, in the inward protrusions 2.008 can be attain what about the multiple mounting holes or screw holes.
As shown in figure 2, directed inside the tabs 2.008 have cuts, for example, 2.014. The opposite ledge 2.012 can be mirrored ledge 2.008. In an alternative design, the cut can be performed with only one hand. The top and bottom edges of the panel 2.004 can be bent inward.
Support panel according to a variant embodiment of the invention, presented in Fig.7-9, is a refrigerator door having a metal frame 6.060, as shown in Fig.6. The frame is a box-like structure, which on the one hand 6.062 closed and has side walls, for example 6.066 with edges, for example 6.069, which are bent inward, as shown in the drawing, and form the periphery of an open end opposite the closed side 6.062. Thus, in the frame formed cavity that can be filled, for example, foamed insulating material. In the drawing the upper part 6.064 frame shaded avoid visual ambiguity, which facilitates the determination of the orientation of the frame in the subsequent drawings.
If necessary, the surface 6.062, which closes the frame can be made mounting holes, such as screw holes aligned with corresponding mounting holes formed in the panel design. Also in the surface 6.062 can be made holes 6.067 on what I fasten the mounting support handle.
Figure 7 presents a schematic top view of a design 7.002 panel according to a variant embodiment of the invention illustrated in figures 1 and 2, and support 7.072 panel, which in this case represents the fridge door with insulating material containing a frame, for example 6.060 shown in Fig.6. Front panel 7.062 doors and side walls 7.066 marked to show support neighbourhood frames presented on Fig.6.
The cavity door 7.072 filled with insulating material, which in this example is insulated with a shiny shell, such as foam insulation, with the rapid cooling of the outer shell 7.074 which formed structure, which has better grip than the inner insulating material 7.076. In accordance with the requirements of the food storage can be used suitable insulating material, for example polyurethane foam or polyurethane, preferably forming a shell, in combination with the vacuum insulation panel. In isolation formed with two longitudinal grooves, for example 7.078, one on each side of the door, allowing the Assembly to secure the panel 7.002 on the peripheral frame 6.069 by means of the fastening protrusions 7.008, 7.012. The cavity of the door frame 7.060 also filled with foam insulation.
The tabs 7.006, 7.010 spaced out enough and two is that tight or relatively elastic landing pad. However, as can be seen in Fig.7, the distance between the ends inward of the fixing protrusions 7.008, 7.012 panel less than the width of the frame 7.060. However, the design 7.002 panel made of solid material, which is flexible. Thus, as shown in Fig, the panel is able to bend, resulting in a directed inside the mounting tabs 8.006, 8.010 are drawn out, and the ends of the inward protrusions 8.008, 8.012 posted by a distance which is greater than the width of the frame 8.060 door. Therefore, the panel can be installed so that the frame was within the panel. At termination, directed inwardly bending the efforts of the protrusions tend to return to its original position and fixed in the recess 9.078, as shown in Fig.9.
Alternatively, as shown in figure 10, one end panel design down to the door so that the inward protrusion 10.008 is located in the corresponding recess, and due to the bending of the panel, the other inward protrusion 10.012 can enter the corresponding slot 10.078.
Figure 3, 4, 5 and 13 shows an alternative panel design according to one embodiments of the invention. Figure 3 shows the end view of the construction panel, figure 4 shows a bottom view of the fixing profiles 4.040, 4.042, and figure 5 shows the panel 5.003. According to the variant done by the means of the invention, the panel design provides a separate panel 3.003 and side mounting profiles 4.040 and 4.042. The side profiles contain the first fixing strip 3.009, the second cross bar 3.005 and third bar 3.007, while the last two form in cross section, essentially the shape of the letter "J", and the panel may be made of any suitable material, for example of acrylic polymer or metal. Profiles can be fixed to the panel by any suitable means.
According to one embodiments of the invention, the profiles are fixed to the panel by adhesive. The adhesive should be durable and its expected service life should be 20 years in accordance with the average life of a refrigerator. He must have heat resistance in the temperature range from -15°C to 65°C, which can be observed during transport.
To the adhesive could grapple with the material side fasteners and panel can be mounted in a clamping device and to be in the clamped condition within at least a short time. When using adhesive 3M VHB 5652 elements must be clamped for at least one minute under the clamping pressure of 100 kPa.
The adhesive should have good water resistance and good resistance to chemical agents, exposure to which it may be subjected during cleaning. To improve the performance of the adhesive should be bathroomware the first and the adhesion strength must be attained within 15 minutes. Preferably, the adhesive should not have a smell or have low odor. Irritant smell harmful for the operator, and therefore requires the ventilation system and, accordingly, investments.
The adhesive may be in the form of a double-sided adhesive tape, such as 3M VHB 5652 or 3M VHB 5952, but the alternative can be used, for example, Loctite 5590 Loctite 5610.
On different sites can be used in the adhesives of various types. For example, at the vertical edges of the acrylic panels can be applied 3M tape VHB5652 or 3Mm VHB5952 width of about 11 mm, superimposed along the sides. Such adhesive can be used for fixing the door handle. Top and bottom panels can be used ribbon ZM VHB4920 width of about 11 mm
Tape 3M VHB5652 or 3mm VHB5952 can be used for permanent connections. Tape VHB4920 can be used for plug connections.
The panel may be made of a material different from the material of the profile.
According to one embodiments of the invention, the panel may be flexible, so the panel can be applicable for the design presented in figure 1 and 2.
According to one alternative embodiment of the invention, for example, the panel is made of glass and profiles made of stainless steel, and the flexible panel may be insufficient, so that the crepe is by the tabs sufficiently could be elastically reserved and did not touch the edges of the door frame. On Fig shows a variant embodiment of the invention, according to which the panel 13.003 not flexible enough, so that the inner ends of the protrusions 13.007 could pass the sides of the door frame. In this case, the protrusion 13.005 should have the necessary flexibility. However due to the flexibility of the fixing protrusions, such as 3.005 directed inside the tabs can bypass the frame and positioned in the cutouts, such as 7.078.
According to a variant of embodiment of the invention can also be applied fastening panel design, illustrated in figure 10.
Figure 4, also shows the mounting slots 4.044, 4.046, 4.048 for the door handle. These slots can be used for device mounting handles, such as the device described in document AU 2008216999 filed by the company AB Electrolux, the content of which is incorporated by reference.
Figure 11 and 12 shows the possibility of using additional fastening means, in this example, the tape is 3M Dual Lock SJ-4570 or Velcro™. While the long side of the panel 11.004 are fastened by means of the fastening profiles for fastening the upper and lower edges of the panel to the door frame main fastening means are not used. Thus, in design, presented on 11 and 12 are additional fixing means 11.112, 11.114, 1.116, 11.118, 11.120, 11.124 and additional fastening means 11.126 in the center panel. On Fig shows the enlarged view in section along the line AA of additional fastening means, represented at 11. Decorative panel 12.004 has a first fastening element, which in this case is an overlay 12.116 fastening means such as "Velcro", mounted on panel. The corresponding mating fastening element 12.132 fastening means such as "Velcro" attached to the chassis 12.060. In this case, to the decorative panel and the surface 12.062 closer to each other, one or both plates of the fixing means such as "Velcro" may be placed in the grooves. In the present example, the overlay 12.132 fastening means such as "Velcro" is placed in flush pocket 12.130, which is mounted on the frame 12.060. Along the edges between the panel 12.004 and frame 12.060 can be used placeholder 12.134 gap. The gap filler can be a rubber band or tape having a width of 0.5 mm.
Holes 11.128 for the indicator, touch screen or the control panel may be provided as in the decorative panel and the door frame and are properly aligned.
On Fig presents a modified door frame 12.060. Curved inside edge 14.069 can be deflected from the plane of the rear surface of the frame so that copypaste fastening panel design directed inside the tabs, such as 1.008,1.012, due to the elasticity was maintained in contact with the corner edges 12.069.
On Fig presents a view in section of the mounting node handles. Bearing mounting block, such as 15.140, installed in the respective first slots, made in the surface 15.062 door frame. Bearing mounting block is attached to the door frame to fill the cavity door insulating foam. Panel 15.004 has the appropriate slot (see figure 5)through which the mounting unit when the panel is attached to the frame. Handle 15.148 in the mounting block 15.142 is fixed by screw fastening 15.144 and dowel pin and socket 15.146. On the protruding support 15.140 have samelevel.
The tabs 1.008 and 1.012 can be located continuously along the entire length of the primary projections 1.006 and 1.010 or intervals in discrete locations.
Presented at Fig panel 16.003 can be mounted on the refrigerator door Assembly. The mounting tabs, such as 16.005, 16.007, can be coupled with the corresponding notches 16.078 on both sides of the door Assembly, as described above.
When the Assembly panel design is performed at the factory, the mounting supports for the controls and indicator, and connect the system wires installed on site before completing Assembly of the door foamed insulating material. The mounting supports for the handle of vstall the Ute through the cutouts, performed in the frame, before applying the foamed insulating material. Similarly, if the door is provided an indicator or control panel, electronic equipment and wiring must be secured before applying the foamed insulating material. After filling Assembly door foam insulation panel design can be mounted on the door frame using mounting profiles under the action of the pressing force generated by the bent tabs or screws.
In the description of the present invention, the link to the document, a description of the other inventions or other publication or application is not an admission that, at the priority date of the present invention, unless otherwise stated, document, description, publication or use are part of a well-known public information for professionals in the field to which the present invention relates.
In the description of the present invention, the terms denoting the orientation or direction, such as "upward", "downward", "vertical", "horizontal", "left", "right", "straight", "transverse" etc. are not intended to be absolute terms, if in the context it is not required or not specified otherwise. These terms generally refer to the orientation of the elements shown in the drawings.
Used the word "containing" SL is blowing to understand in its "open" sense, i.e. in the sense of "including", and in no way limiting its "closed" meaning, which is expressed by the phrase "consisting only of". When used, the words "include", "contain" and "contains" they should be given an appropriate value.
It should be understood that disclosed here, the invention encompasses all alternative combinations of two or more of the individual features mentioned or evident from the text. Various combinations of signs constitute various alternative aspects of the invention.
As have been described particular embodiments of the present invention, for specialists in this field of technology is apparent that other embodiments of the present invention that do not depart from the substance of the invention. Consequently, the present embodiments of the invention and examples should be considered in all respects illustrative and non-restrictive, and it is intended that the invention covers various modifications which are obvious to a person skilled in this technical field.
1. Mounting panel, designed for fastening panel (1.004, 3.003) on a support (7.060), on two opposite sides which provides mounting recess (7.078)that when installing panels are opposite the device to which Alenia panel, containing two primary protrusion (1.006, 1.010)made with the possibility of coverage of the two lateral opposite sides of a support (7.060), with each primary projection contains inward transverse secondary ledge (1.008, 1.012), made with the possibility of installation in one of the respective notches of support or behind it, characterized in that one or more of elements such as (a) panel (b) primary tabs or (b) the secondary tabs are flexible or elastic, allowing the secondary protrusions have the opportunity under the action of bending efforts elastic drained or hang out from opposite sides of a support and at termination, bending effort coupled with a corresponding recess.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first pair of protrusions and a second pair of tabs formed integral with the panel (1.004).
3. Device according to any one of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the tabs are bent inward of the panel relative to the perpendicular direction, and when used to provide clamping force.
4. The fastening element (4.040) panel, configured to secure the cover (3.003) on a support (7.060), on two opposite sides which provides mounting recess (7.078)that when installing a panel located opposite the fastening element, characterized in that the crepe is iny element is a longitudinal element, having a first elongated bar (4.009); a second elongated bar (3.005), protruding from the edge of the first slat in the transverse direction; and a third elongated plank (3.007), cross the second strap; and the first, second and third straps form a profile with at least one element such as (a) panel (b) the second plank or (C) a third strap is flexible enough third strap fastening element under the action of bending effort had the opportunity elastic drained or hang out from the respective sides of the support and upon termination of the bending effort coupled with a corresponding recess.
5. Mounting panel containing two fastener panel according to claim 4, secured at opposite sides of the panel, while the third plank of each of the fastening element facing away from the edge of the panel inside.
6. The device according to claim 5, in which the panel is made from a material selected from the group comprising glass, acrylic, metal, polymeric materials, composite materials or laminates.
7. The device according to claim 5, in which the fastening elements mounted on the panel with an adhesive.
8. The device according to claim 6, in which the fastening elements mounted on the panel with an adhesive.
9. Device according to any one of pp.5-8, containing additional fastening means for implementing the surveillance panel on a support.
10. The device according to claim 9, in which additional fastening means include hook and eyelet fastening means having a first pad mounted on the panel, and mating with her second pad mounted on a support.
11. The device according to claim 10, in which at least one of the plates is located in the recess to reduce the space between the panel and support.
12. Device according to any one of pp.5-8, 10, 11 in which the second strap is bent relative to the first strap.
13. The device according to claim 9, in which the second strap is bent relative to the first strap.
14. Bearing (7.060) panel containing essentially flat surface and a pair of opposite grooves (7.078)made with the possibility of coupling with directed inside the tabs panel design.
15. Mounting method panel construction according to any one of claims 1, 2, 5-13, characterized in that it includes the stages on which divert directed inside the tabs (10.006, 10.012) device mounting panel and concatenate directed inside the tabs with the corresponding slots supports (10.078).
SUBSTANCE: multilayer construction panel comprises an inner frame made in the form of a collapsible frame, made from galvanised perforated thermal profiles, made of lower and upper guides of a "П"-shaped profile with edge bends made towards one side, between which there are vertical ribs of a C-shaped profile arranged in a row at the distance from each other in longitudinal direction of the guides and rigidly connected to them by means of fastening elements, and also comprises a sheet lining, and in the inner cavity there is a non-structural insulant arranged, the external casing of the panel surface is made in the form of a fire-resistant air-permeable material arranged along its outer side, adjoining the vertical ribs of the C-shaped profile, and rigidly pressed with grating, made of rigidly connected to each other horizontal and vertical - shaped profiles, at the same time the grating is arranged aflush with the panel contour or as protruding, with a rigidly fixed finishing facade layer along the entire outer surface of the panel. In the panel there are window and/or door openings formed by "П"-shaped and C-shaped profiles. The protruding part of the grating is connected to a joint angle. Along the lower side of the panel there is a sealing gasket arranged. Along upper and/or lateral sides of the panel there is a compensating gasket. The fire-resistant air permeable material is represented by cement-magnesium slabs with perforation, or steel sheets with an anti-corrosion coating with perforation.
EFFECT: improved operational capabilities due to improved environmental capability, increased fire resistance, tightness, thermal properties, increased strength, reliability, durability and universality.
12 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: laminated panel for making a building wall comprises an outer facing board, an inner wall board and a fastening structure arranged between the outer facing board and the inner wall board, and at least partially submerged into a polymer foam material. The polymer foam material is a polyurethane foam material and has density exceeding 30 kg/m3. Besides, the fastening structure comprises a metal frame, comprising at least two side stands, an upper crossbeam and a lower crossbeam. At the same time in the fastening structure there is at least one mineral wool panel. The method of laminated panel manufacturing is also described.
EFFECT: reduction of labour intensiveness of manufacturing.
29 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wood-gypsum-concrete board is made of gypsum-concrete board and wooden frame made of two or more longitudinal bars, which form bearing ribs of panel and joined to transverse bars. Gypsum-concrete board arranged between wooden bars along panel thickness forms gypsum-concrete gaskets between bars of bearing ribs, which are solidly joined to bars into a single composite structure.
EFFECT: improved bearing capacity of panel.
SUBSTANCE: connection device for use in structure of stand frame comprises detachable attached/disconnected part. The first element (plate) comprises an element at least in one wall, which, when elements are connected, engages according element at least in one wall of the second component (stand). Element, such as V-shaped ledge, is arranged at an angle to longitudinal axis of component, and element on the second component is arranged in general as parallel to its longitudinal axis so that after engagement of the first and second components, according elements in the fist and second components are engaged so that they are leveled versus each other, thus attaching the first element to the second one.
EFFECT: holding function, may be arranged on upper surface of web to prevent sliding, shift, motion and displacement of stand inside plate.
13 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to lightweight building slabs which are used for manufacturing of furniture, doors, walls and suchlike. Slab contains filler bonded to facing layer from at least one side and collars bonded to facing layer. Bonding of facing layer to filler and collars is performed under line pressure, at that line pressure is directed along lightweight board, after that division of infinite slab into several lightweight slabs. Infinite slab is divided in area of collars in such a way that after division one collar forms edges of two adjacent slabs.
EFFECT: improvement of manufacturing of lightweight structural panel.
28 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in the first version, wood and metal panel includes wood and metal foam frame formed of lengthwise and transverse wooden boards, flat-topped metal frames attached to them and bearing stiffeners and housing, and heat-insulated waterproof interlayer. Lengthwise boards feature support plates attached to their ends, and flat-topped metal frames feature slits for lengthwise boards. In the second version, wood and metal panel includes rectangular welded metal frames attached to frame boards along frame perimetre, and stiffeners of metal frames are made in the form of one or more diagonal strips welded to frame or to each other and to frame.
EFFECT: enhanced rigidity and durability of panel.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: constructional engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to constructional engineering, in particular to building construction systems. The walled building construction system is formed by panel components. Panel components are made of material containing fibrous vegetable breakage, the latter being sawdust or wood chips. Panel components are grooved on one surface for bearing structure frame. Walls either consist of prefabricated non-load-bearing wall elements or are assemblied thereof. Non-load-bearing wall elements contain panel components. Frames, rift and overhead joist of coverage are constructed in panel components grooves.
EFFECT: increased heat insulation and air diffusion in non-load-bearing wall elements.
23 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building board with main part with porous surface and paper web applied thereon. Building board with main part 10 with porous surface and paper web 14 applied thereon above mid layer of cured binder 36. Note here that said binder penetrates in said paper web. Note also that said paper web 14 comprises primer layer 34 coating aforesaid binder penetrating through web 14 to adhere paper web to coloring fluid 38. Said fluid may be applied with the help of programmed printing process, in particular, jet printing, on paper web surface located above said main part 10 and provided with primer layer 34.
EFFECT: building board with pattern made thereon, lower costs.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative paper using powders of aminoplast resins and/or phenol plastic resins and/or mixes thereof, of their mixes with additives. Proposed method comprises producing the composition for processing and applying it on substrate. Note here that processing composition represents a dry powder mix containing one polymer resin powder and/or mix of powders that can interact to form one polymer resin. Note also that said composition comprises additional heating either before or after application on the substrate to melt partially the polymer resin and/or melt and to subject said reagents to polymerisation/cross-linking. Note also that proposed method differs in that said composition represents a dry solid composition, Note that said polymer resin represents one or more amine and/or phenol resin or mix thereof.
EFFECT: perfected process.
16 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises the steps that follow. Making the multiple first layers (1a, 1b, 1c, 1d) of impregnated cellulose fibres. Making the multiple second layers (2a, 2b, 2c, 2d) of impregnated cellulose fibres. Making the wood chipboard (3). Making the set (4) of layers with top facing layer (4a) including first layers (1a, 1b, 1c. 1d) of cellulose fibres with central board (4b) abutting on top facing layer (4a) by its top surface (4b.1) including chipboard (3) and bottom facing layer (4c) abutting on bottom surface (4b.2) of central boars (4b) including second layers (2a, 2b, 2c, 2d) of cellulose fibres. Note here that top facing layer (4a) and/or bottom facing layer (4c) is made so that after escaping out of hot press (5) it features thickness of at least 2 mm. Displacement of said set (4) of layer in hot press (5). Pressing of said set (4) of layer in hot press (5) at increased pressing force and temperature for making multilayer board (6) and discharging said board (6) from hot press (5).
EFFECT: lower products costs.
18 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative articles using amber and amber production wastes as filler and may be used for making decorative construction boards. Proposed method comprises preparation of filler, binder and mould, filling said binder in mould, curing it, extracting the article and drying to condition. Note here that article is cured at pressure to complete hardening. Note also that filler is the first to be filled in said mould, then binder is poured therein. Note that in pouring the binder absolute pressure is kept in said mould not exceeding 30 kPa. Note that pouring is carried out from below while, after pouring, absoluter pressure of up to 100-300 kPa is created to complete hardening. Note that pressure feed moment is selected to make binder viscosity be increased by not over 30% at said moment. After extraction, the articled is sliced into thin plates.
EFFECT: reduced labor input.
4 cl, 4 ex, 4 tbl
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to surface decoration, particularly, to set for surface decoration, to painted coat and method of surface decoration. Proposed set comprises PVC-based surface coating to be painted covered by protective varnish based of polyurethane polymer cross-linked by UV radiation, and encased acrylo-urethane paint.
EFFECT: simple process, better spraying capacity and strength, wide range of colours and ornamental patters.
15 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative laminated board and to method of its production. Method comprises the following stages. Preparing the board of fibrous or chip material, coating the board on, at least, one side with liquid glue hardened by pressure and/or heat. Building up of decorative layer not impregnated with resin on glue layer. Applying thermoplastic or liquid cover material o decorative layer. Pressing and heating laminar structure thus made to form surface structure of cover layer.
EFFECT: simple and efficiency process.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method and device for refining particle board. Method of refining particle board 2 with decorative finish on one of its sides comprises the following steps. (a) Cleaning particle board top and bottom surfaces. (b) Applying first top layer of pitch containing corundum particles on top surface and first bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (c) Drying top and bottom first layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (d) Applying second top layer of pitch containing cellulose on top surface and second bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (e) Drying top and bottom second layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (f) Applying third top layer of pitch containing glass particles on top surface and third bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (g) Drying third said layers to residual moisture content of 3%-6%, and (h) compacting layered structure at pressure and temperature.
EFFECT: perfected procedure.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of floor boards. Proposed method comprises the following stages: making large-size rectangular board (1, 2, 3, 4) with tope side having, at least, set of long panel decors (D1.1, D1.2, D1.3, D1.4; D2.1, D2.2, D2.3, D2.4, D2.5, D2.6; D3.1, D3.2, D3.3, D3.4, D3.5, D3.6; D4.1, D4.2, D4.3, D4.4, D4.5, D4.6). Note here that every said decor has its direction and extends parallel with one board edge while kevery set has, in the first extreme area perpendicular to decor direction and along one board edge, one straight segment of panel decor (http://Al.ll11, A1.31; A2.32, A2.42; A3.12, A3.22; A4.12, A4.32, A4.52) to be combined with second segment of panel decor (A1.22, A1.42; A2.51, A2.61; A3.32, A3.42, A3.52, A3.62, A3.51, A3.61; A4.22, A4.62) in the same first extreme area and/of in opposite extreme area of this set of panel decors located opposite the first segment of panel decor perpendicular to direction of shifted panel decor (D1.2, D1.4; D2.5, D2.6; D3.3, D3.4, D3.5, D3.6; D4.2, D4.4, D4.6); dividing large-size board (1, 2, 3, 4) into separate panels with one of said panel decors (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4; 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6; 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4; 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6); shaping lengthwise and crosswise edges of appropriate panels and making inclined surfaces by scarfing lengthwise edges on decorated side of finished panel and second transverse edge not intended for making continuous decor.
EFFECT: higher quality.
20 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to material workpiece and workpiece processing press plate. Material workpiece comprises, at least, one substrate central layer and decorative layer made on, at least, one side of substrate layer. Decorative layer is arranged on both sides of workpiece to allow precise embossing. Note here that structures on workpiece both sides are accurately leveled.
EFFECT: higher quality.
11 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to manufacture a floor panel (1), including a bearing board (2) and a decorative layer (3) applied onto the upper side of the bearing board (2), consists in the fact that the decorative layer (3) is pressed in a press with heat supply to the bearing board (2), besides, when pressing with the help of a stamping tool in th surface (8) of the decorative layer (3) a surface structure (10) is arranged, which serves to imitate a wood pattern or a different material. When pressing with the help of a stamping tool, microgrooves (9) are arranged in the surface (8) of the decorative layer (3), where a surface structure is imposed, also comprising grooves, which in their dimensions are much larger than microgrooves.
EFFECT: invention provides for antiskid properties of a panel.
8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: decorative art.
SUBSTANCE: for simplification of the method the relief is produced by sticking of deceptive material over the contour of the applied image, and the required amount of plastic compound is applied by small sections uniformly on the image surface sections that a free of deceptive material.
EFFECT: simplified procedure.