Method of knitting with double feeding for product, such as tights and other similar product, machine for implementation of said method, and product produced by said machine

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method comprising the stages when at least one part (5A, 5B) of the body part (1) is knitted by reciprocating motion of two cylinders of the double cylindrical machine and the parts for legs (9A, 9B) are knitted in a continuous circular motion of two cylinders (11, 13). The first part for legs is knitted by the first of the said cylinders, and the second part for legs is knitted by the second of the said cylinders. It is envisaged that the arc of needles (C) remains temporarily inactive on each of the said two cylinders during knitting of the said at least one part (5A, 5B) of the body part (1) by reciprocating motion. Moreover, it is envisaged that the temporarily inactive needles should enter into operation at the end of knitting of the said at least one part (5A, 5B) of the body part (1) by reciprocating motion, as a result a knitting-in line (CC) is formed for connection of two parts for legs (9A, 9B), then knitting is continued by continuous circular motion by all the needles (15) of both cylinders (11, 13).

EFFECT: tights in accordance with the present invention have significantly more comfortable fit, comfort and stability.

50 cl, 21 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The invention relates to garments such as panties, stockings and other clothing, to a method and machine for knitting.

The level of technology

Currently, the most widely used method of production tights and other similar service is knitting the knitted fabric in the form of two tubes in the single-cylinder circular knitting machine, cropped length in the zone panties and connection together by sewing the respective cut edges. Produced in this manner tights fit well, but the presence of seams spoils their appearance and creates discomfort, especially in the crotch area. For convenience, in some cases in the area of the perineum product is sewn into the gusset, thereby increasing the manufacturing cost of the tights.

To eliminate these defects developed a variety of methods and appropriate knitting machines for the production of tights that at the output of the machines have already wearable form without the necessity of forming additional seams in the area of the panties.

One such method is described, for example, in U.S. patent 4011738, issued March 15, 1977, discloses a knitting this type of service through a twin-cylinder circular knitting machines. This machine produces a first tubular fabric is blasti pelvis through both cylinders, rotating reciprocating movement, and which use the same thread, which is served by one or more feeders, the needles of one cylinder is formed from a first portion of the tubular cloth, when the cylinders rotate in the same direction, and the needles of the other cylinder to form the other half when the cylinders rotate in the opposite direction. Then the machine starts to rotate in a continuous movement simultaneously producing both cylinders two other tubular parts under one for each cylinder, foot (hereinafter "details for feet"), each of which is knitted as a continuation of the corresponding half of the first tubular fabric.

Even if at first glance the appearance of such a garment is perfectly acceptable due to the absence of seams in panties, it has some important drawbacks that prevent commercial distribution of this system knitting. Namely, in the manufacturing process panties reciprocating two facing each other of the cylinder of the machine must move towards each other to the greatest extent possible to minimize involvement, connecting the two halves of the first tubular fabric. To the movement of the needle cylinder grasped the thread and forms a loop in one or more feed without interference of the respective needles of the other cylinder the echoes, used only alternate needles in both cylinders, for example, the odd-numbered needles of the lower cylinder and the even-numbered needles of the upper cylinder. As a result, the detail camisole is made a half of the needles of each cylinder, and the density of loops turns out more than half of the density of the equivalent article of clothing associated classical way and knitted on the machine with the same quality, and this greatly limits the fit and covering ability of the garment especially large sizes.

Disclosure of inventions

The present invention is to provide a method of knitting for products with a body part and the two parts of the foot such as, for example, a pair of panties, tights and other similar devices of the type described in U.S. patent 4011738, but significantly improved in order to partially or completely eliminate, at least one of the above mentioned disadvantages.

This problem is solved in a method of knitting knitwear containing Cabinet part and the two parts of the foot, through dazziling circular knitting machine, comprising stages:

- knitting at least one part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating motion of the two cylinders;

- knitting parts for the foot continuous circular motion of the two cylinders, the first item for the feet fit the first of the decree is the R of the cylinder, and the second part for the legs fit in the second of these cylinders

where in the process of knitting items for housing a reciprocating two cylinders all needles, at least one arc of the upper cylinder and all the needles of the corresponding arc of the needles of the lower cylinder are driven, and at least use two inlet and at least two threads.

Thus, the case part and the parts for the legs are made with the same density of loops. Clothing gets better. In addition, using at least two threads and filing for knitting and Cabinet parts can be used in combination so-called "S" and "Z" threads. These threads are obtained by covering the basics of threads, made of elastic strands covering fiber coiled around the base. These fibers are called fibers "S" or "Z" in accordance with the direction of winding of the covering fibers.

As each thread that covered so has a tendency to curl in the direction corresponding to the direction of winding of the covering fibers, the use of two threads of type "S" and "Z" can compensate for twisting two strands in opposite directions, resulting in the best product quality. Such a technique is known in the production of socks, but it cannot be used in the method described in PA is anti USA 4011738. Alternatively, you can use parallel threads in number equal to two or greater than two, respectively, in odd number, for example, equal to three, with three innings.

You can start knitting from the toe, i.e. the far ends of the two parts of the legs, vymazyvaja continuous movement of the two cylinders, which is knit at the same time the two parts of the foot, and the subsequent knitting of Cabinet parts reciprocating movement. However, knitting Cabinet parts, it is preferable to perform the first, from her waist, with subsequent simultaneous knitting continuous movement of the two parts to the legs and ending Mikami. Special reference will be made herein to this second method variant implementation of the invention, but it is necessary to understand that at least some of the preferred features and embodiments described with reference to this second method, you can also get in the first method.

In accordance with some of the options for the implementation of this method according to the present invention, the first tubular fabric, the upper part of Cabinet parts, in large part to fit through both cylinders of the reciprocating movement, with the first arc adjacent needles less than 360°, i.e. less than the total number of needles of the cylinder. Then, when the data first tubular fabric is connected, cylinders knit continuous movement of the lower part of the Cabinet parts and a two products that make up the parts for the legs of the tights with all its needles. At the beginning of this second phase of the needles of the two cylinders that are not knitted in the previous step, take the same thread for forming at least one common initial partial of a number of hinges for connecting two tubular layers of detail to legs, this partial number of loops, limits in the finished product the bottom line segment lastovica products. Preferably, the partial number is formed by two threads. The thread(s), forming a partial series, limits wezwanie, the length of which is proportional to the number of needles that remain inactive during knitting of the reciprocating movement. These are the same threads that form the first part of Cabinet parts tights on stage knitting with reciprocating motion.

Thus, tights in accordance with the present invention have a significantly more comfortable fit, comfort and stability than the comfort and stability that can be obtained using the method described in U.S. patent 4011738.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the method is carried out by a two-cylinder machine in which the needles of each cylinder move the I to the half pitch relative to the needles of the other cylinder. In some preferred embodiments, the implementation of the present invention platinum are deepening that will contribute to the corresponding needles of the other cylinder has formed a loop. Designed machine allows two cylinders to approach very close to each other, resulting in obtaining high-quality knitted products.

Thus, for the processing of the first tubular blade reciprocating can use all the needles in both cylinders contained in the specified first arc adjacent needles. For example, for knitting underwear each cylinder can use the arc needle 270°, resulting in obtaining the density of the hinges, to a large extent similar to the density of tights related classical way, by car of equal quality and as described above, the details for the legs of the pantyhose are connected to each other by a connection line, passing through the arc of the needle 90° along lastovica. As a result, the tights in accordance with this embodiment of the present invention is more comfortable to wear compared with the known tights.

In preferred embodiments of implementing the present invention proposes a method of knitting knitwear containing Cabinet part and the two parts of the foot, through twin-cylinder circular knitting machines, soda is relevant stages:

- knitting at least one part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating motion of the two cylinders;

- knitting parts for the foot continuous circular motion of the two cylinders, the first item for the legs fit in the first of these cylinders and the second part for the legs fit in the second of these cylinders.

Further provides that the arc of needles was inactive for each of the two cylinder during the knitting of the specified at least one part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating motion; and it is envisaged that these temporarily inactive needles begin to work at the end of the knitting of the specified at least one part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating movement, resulting in the line of involvement to connect the two parts of the legs, and then knitting continues in a circular motion all the needles in both cylinders.

In some embodiments, the implementation of this method in accordance with the present invention the formation of this product is performed by connecting the three tubular fabrics. In this case, preferably, the first tubular fabric is made through both cylinders of the machine, which rotate reciprocating and knit yarn fed at least one nicename what ielem, at least one feeder, needle one working cylinder when the cylinder is rotated in one direction, and the needles of the other cylinder work when the other cylinder is rotated in the opposite direction. Moreover, the other two tubular fabric obtained simultaneous and separate knitting the first of these two other products through the first cylinder and the second of these two other products through the second cylinder, the rotation of the first and second cylinder continuous movement and flow in the first and second cylinders of the respective threads of the respective nataprawira at least one feeder for each cylinder. In this embodiment of the invention it is preferable for the knitting of the first products of each cylinder uses the first arc adjacent needles, having a number of needles smaller than the total number of needles of the cylinder, preferably while maintaining inactive for each cylinder corresponding arc of needles, and each of the two tubular knitted cloths all the needles of the corresponding cylinder.

On the arc of needles remaining inactive during knitting of the specified first part of Cabinet parts, wezwanie is formed of at least one partial number of simple loops on lines lastovica product specified, at least one partial p is d, fit through a needle arcs of needles in both cylinders, which remain inactive. Partial number of loops is preferably formed in two threads, which in the previous step knitting reciprocating the upper part of the Cabinet parts.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention relates to a twin-cylinder circular knitting machine for the production of products such as briefs, tights and other similar products, which, according to the invention, can be programmed for implementing the method of knitting, as described above. Twin-cylinder circular knitting machine as such well-known specialists in the art and do not require a special explanation. In General, they contain the lower cylinder and an upper cylinder, coaxial with each other and are located opposite each other needles, i.e. the needles of the lower cylinder with the hooks facing up and the needles of the upper cylinder with the hooks facing down.

In accordance with some of the options for implementation of the present invention, two cylinders are displaced at an angle relative to each other so that the needles of each cylinder aligned with platinum the other cylinder so that the needles of one cylinder does not interfere with the needles of the other cylinder during the knitting of the product, and both cylinder can be used with effective precision in the cutting of all parts of the product.

In accordance with the following aspect of the present invention also relates to the product, such as tights, panties and similar articles formed by the tubular connection of paintings which includes the tubular fabric are connected by hinges with the corresponding rows of loops, the product can be manufactured as stated above.

In accordance with an embodiment the present invention provides a knitted article containing Cabinet part and the two parts of the foot, connected by a line lastovica in which the specified body part, and these parts for the legs are formed continuously knit seamless fabric, which in lastovica provides the connection line to connect the two parts of the legs formed at least partially close of involvement, standard for the two parts to the legs. The line of connection is preferably formed by wezwanie at least two rows.

In accordance with some of the options for the implementation of the present invention provides a product, such as tights, panties and similar articles formed by the connection of the tubular paintings limiting case part and the two parts of the foot, in which case part and parts for legs each formed of at least two threads and with a density of loops, the same is La detail to the legs and Cabinet parts. In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention-piece body contains at least one part formed by the number of columns of loops is greater than the number of columns of loops forming one part for the feet. In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention, the number of columns of loops specified parts Cabinet parts is equal to the sum of the number of columns of the loops of the two parts to the legs. In other preferred embodiments, the implementation of the present invention, the number of columns of loops specified parts Cabinet parts is 1.4 to 2 times the number of columns of loops forming one part for the feet. Preferably the number of columns of loops specified parts Cabinet parts ranges from 1.5 to 1.9 times the number of columns of loops forming one part for the feet.

In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention-piece body contains at least one upper part, formed in two sections connected by two lines of involvement, formed by the return stroke of the reciprocating motion of the needle cylinder and the subsequent passage of the thread from one to the other of the two circular yalniz two-cylinder machine, which fit the product. Two lines of involvement are formed respectively on the front part and the rear part is ke products.

In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention-piece body contains the lower part, representing the execution of the upper part of the Cabinet parts, and the formation until then, until it forms a region of lastovica and details of foot products. Line of involvement continues in the upper part of the Cabinet parts, and the front line of involvement connected with the rear line of involvement through joint involvement between the two parts of the legs, which continues along the bottom of the Cabinet parts. In practice, the two lines of involvement the involvement of lastovica are formed on a curve that extends from the front center area of the edge to the rear Central region of the edge of the product held in the crotch area, i.e. between the two parts of the legs.

Practically, Cabinet item mainly consists of two columns of loops, continuing from the waist corps detail up parts for the foot, and at the bottom the following columns loops, continuing from the specified involvement to these parts for the foot.

In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention in the process of knitting a reciprocating upper part of Cabinet parts and lines lastovica involvement of two cylinders, each with Cams that operate the respective needles, digouts is axially, through a special mechanism, each to each other to the maximum extent possible. In the length of involvement is reduced where the thread passes from the needles of one cylinder to the needles of the other cylinder during knitting of the reciprocating movement of the parts to make almost invisible lines that connect the part of Cabinet parts associated reciprocating movement on one cylinder, with the relevant part connected to the other cylinder.

In this case, in order to pick up the thread and form a loop in the process of reciprocating motion of the needle of each cylinder are partially entering between the needles of the opposite cylinder. In this situation between the inserted so the needle remains minimal peripheral gap tangentially to the cylinder. For example, the gap for a machine with a diameter of 4 inches with four hundred needles of the cylinder, is about 0.05 mm, and thus, it becomes obvious that high accuracy is required for the transmission of motion between the two cylinders so that the needles of one cylinder does not come into contact with the needles of the other cylinder, and this accuracy can only be obtained through and adjusted, depending on the situation, double transmission, to fill the entire gap design, and this entails the em in a significant increase in cost compared with traditional machine.

To eliminate this disadvantage, in accordance with some of the options for implementation of the present invention, between the cylinders provides for angular coupling device, which is used only when the cylinders are adjacent to each other, performing knitting with reciprocating motion. This device may contain an axial pin fixed inside the cylinder at the point at which the reciprocating movement changes direction on the reverse, with the passage of the thread from one to the other of the two cylinders at the stage of knitting Cabinet parts reciprocating movement. This pin is axially toward the other cylinder, which is appropriate slot for the specified pin. The pin and socket are placed so that when the needles move mutually axially towards each other in working order for forming parts Cabinet parts reciprocating movement, the pin enters the socket, causing the cylinders in one specific angular position, even when clearances transmission, while when the cylinders move axially away from each other for forming parts of tights continuous movement, the pin completely out of the socket.

In the process of knitting a continuous movement of the pin and socket are separated the t other so to leave a free passage for the fabric parts of the legs of the tights during their formation while the pin is inserted into the socket does not close the passage paintings Cabinet parts during reciprocating motion as at this stage of the knitting hosiery cloth Cabinet parts is formed as two boundaries of the product, connected together at their respective ends in accordance with two columns of loops, which, at the stage of knitting, are in the opposite sides of the pin, as will become evident from the below description.

The following advantageous features and embodiments of this method, machines and products in accordance with the present invention are described herein with reference to the variant example of implementation and the attached claims, which form an integral part of the present description.

Brief description of drawings

The invention will be better understood from the following descriptions and appended drawings showing non-limiting practical variant implementation of the invention.

Figure 1 shows the tights in accordance with the present invention, a perspective view;

on figa - same as figure 1 in a modified embodiment;

figure 2 and 3 shows two cyl who echoes the circular machine at two stages in the knitting of stockings, depicted in figure 1, respectively, in the knitting process panties and in the process of knitting the two parts for the legs, partially schematic view in perspective;

figure 4 shows the tights shown in figure 2 and 3, the output of the machine, side view in the future;

on figa - same as figure 4 in a modified embodiment;

figure 5 shows a view in section according to V-V of tights 4;

figure 6 shows the enlarged view of detail VI, shown in figure 3;

7 shows an enlarged view of a part VII-VII shown in Fig.6;

on Fig shows a view according to VIII-VIII 7, in plan and deformed by stretching horizontally for better understanding;

figure 9 shows a similar view Fig.7 with the machine, forming a loop with the bottom of the cylinder;

figure 10 shows the platinum 17, magnified view;

on 11, 12 and 13 shows a diagram in terms of control Cams for controlling the needles, povodni and platinum machine 2 Is outside, on different work stages;

on Fig shows a view according to VIII-VIII 7 at the stage of forming the connecting series between the parts for the legs;

on Fig and 16 shows the machine in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention with the cylinders, respectively, moving towards each other and away from each other, the views in axial section;

on Fig shows in RA is cutting in line XVII-XVII Fig;

on Fig and 19 shows the machine head using two cylinders Fig, and following the design with cylinders axially adjacent to each other, and in construction with the cylinder moving axially from each other, respectively, schematic views in section;

on Fig is schematically shown, the intermediate working stage similar to figure 4, tights, formed using the method and machine according to the present invention in a modified embodiment, in which the knitting of Cabinet parts are used all the needles in design with 360° two cylinders;

on Fig shown tights depicted on Fig in the stretched and expanded form, the corresponding Figure 1.

The implementation of the invention

Hereinafter, the description of the method of knitting tights with a body part and two parts for the legs, which may result in parts of the foot with a closed toe or open toe, which is then sewn outside of the machine. In addition, the method in accordance with the present invention can also be used for other types of knitting items such as panties and other clothes in which details for the legs is reduced only to small parts of the product surrounding the holes for the legs around the far site.

In addition, hereinafter will be described particularly effective% of the SS, which at the time of knitting Cabinet parts arc of needles is eliminated to form the details of lastovica, i.e. the connections pane Cabinet parts and parts for the legs, which is not a point, as in the process known from U.S. patent 4011738. But you must understand that in less predominant variants of implementation of the present invention all circular isalnita (arc 360°) of the two cylinders can also be used for knitting Cabinet parts. In any case the advantage of knitting Cabinet parts is achieved with a density of loops equal to the maximum density allowed by the precision of the machine and is equal to the density of the loops of the part or parts to the legs using preferably at least two feeds with the thread type "S" and "Z" respectively.

Figure 1 shows a partial schematic view in perspective of tights in accordance with the present invention, highlighting some of the geometric elements that are important for understanding the way of knitting stockings. Knitting is a two-cylinder machine, i.e. a machine with two dual and coaxial cylinders, each with a circular isalnita, the needles of one cylinder is located in front of the needles of the other cylinder.

Namely, figure 1 shows a Cabinet 1, which contains elastic belt 3A, 3B surrounding the hole of the article (tights), the area is 5A, 5B (hereinafter referred to as the "upper part of Cabinet parts"), suitable for closing the upper part of the pelvis, and area 7A, 7B (hereinafter indicated as "the lower part of the Cabinet parts"), which connects the upper part of the Cabinet parts with the parts for the legs 9A, 9B. The upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts fit in a reciprocating motion in a two-cylinder circular knitting machine, the left half of 5A (as viewed in figure 1) fit on one cylinder, and the right half 5V on another cylinder, these halves are joined along two Central straight lines (m, n), respectively, the front and rear lines of tights. In the process of knitting the thread passes through the data lines from one to the other of the two circular yalniz two superimposed cylinders, twin-cylinder machines with a change in rotational motion on the reverse. Thus, the data line form a line of involvement, connecting the left and right sections of the upper part of the carcass part 1.

In turn, the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and parts for the legs 9A, 9B are made with a continuous motion, left portion 7A and the left part for the legs 9A on a single cylinder machine, and the right part 7B and the right item for the legs 9B on the other cylinder of the machine. Two dotted lines A1, A2 show the ranks of the passage of the loops between the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, manufactured vozvrat the translational movement, and the bottom part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1, manufactured in a continuous movement. Details for the legs 9A, 9B are connected together along a partial arc loops SS limiting line lastovica tights, continuing between the end points C1, C2 of the connection lines A1 and A2, and which is formed one or more partial rows of loops, as better described hereinafter with reference to the method of knitting. Data partial rows are obtained by wezwanie formed by the threads, which form the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 and which at the same time get two needles of the cylinder, the top and bottom.

Figure 1 is a sample column of loops formed separate needles, shown in solid lines. As shown in this figure, the columns continued from elastic belts 3A, 3B along the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, along the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1, forming a single tubular fabric, and then they are separated for the formation of the two parts of the legs 9A, 9B. In this part of the columns of the loops forming the inner part of the parts for the legs 9A, 9B, begins on the line SS formed by the partial series connection, and continues in the field of lastovica between points C1 and C2, where the rows A1, A2 are connected with lines of type, respectively.

Thus, the product formed in the following way:

- plot 5A of the upper part 5A, 5 the Cabinet parts 1, section 7A of the lower parts 7A, 7B of Cabinet parts and detail to the legs 9A match one of the two cylinder two cylinder machine;

- section 5B of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, section 7B of the lower parts 7A, 7B of Cabinet parts and detail to the legs 9B match other of the two cylinder two cylinder machine;

columns loops start from elastic belt and continue to generate parts for legs except the Central columns that define the scope of lastovica and the inner parts of the legs that begin with the joint involvement of line SS between points C1 and C2.

Figure 2 shows the step of knitting an elastic belt 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. At this stage, two cylinder, the lower cylinder 11 and the upper cylinder 13 rotates, the reciprocating movement for the formation of the same threads, preferably two threads, one or more feed for each cylinder, preferably two innings for each cylinder, the respective halves of the elastic zone 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. When a pair of cylinder rotates in one direction, for example in the clockwise direction, the needles of the lower cylinder 11 knit corresponding half 3A elastic belts 3A, 3B or half 5A of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, while the needles of the upper cylinder is echoes 13 remain inactive, and the hooks are raised to the level of the discharging plane dams, and when a pair of cylinder rotates in the opposite direction, i.e. in the counterclockwise direction, the needles of the lower cylinder 11 remain inactive, and the hooks are lowered to the level of leaving the plane, while the needles of the upper cylinder 13 knit the other half 3V elastic belts 3A, 3B or the other half 5B of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1.

When reversing the rotational motion of the cylinder thread each filing, shaping elastic waist or upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, passes from the needles of one cylinder to the needles of the other cylinder, forming at the point of return movement in the ends of the respective series line of involvement with the length so small, how two cylinders axially close to each other. The data point changes the movement limit specified Central line (m, n) to connect the two halves 3A, 3B elastic waist and two halves 5A, 5B of the upper part of the carcass part 1.

It should be noted that at this stage not all of the needle cylinder 11 and 13 are active. In each cylinder of the arc adjacent needles used in accordance with the main part of the total number of needles, for example, for a cylinder with 400 needles, used 350 needles, arcing adjacent and the active needles. The rest of the needle arc With inactive needles. So are both of the front cylinder 11 and the cylinder 13. Needle arc from each of the two cylinders are substantially in the same angular position, i.e. they are mutually opposite to each other. They are inactive, i.e. not always work, and when the cylinders rotate in the clockwise direction and when they rotate in the counterclockwise direction. Conversely, as already mentioned, the rest of the needle, forming an arc, the return arc of the inactive needles, alternative work, the needles of one cylinder, when the rotation is in the clockwise direction, and the needles of the other cylinder when the rotation is in the counterclockwise direction.

Thus, there is a significant difference in the means of knitting, described in patent documents prior art mentioned in the introduction to this description, in which the step of knitting a reciprocating all of the needles of the upper and lower cylinders begin to work, the alternative first one, when the rotation is in the clockwise direction, and the other when the rotation is in the counterclockwise direction. Practically zone 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 can be knit with the main quantity of needles each cylin the RA, for example 350 needle cylinder with 400 needles. Thus, the total number of columns of loops of elastic belts 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts equal to 700. N5 in this case indicates the number of loops of the upper part of Cabinet parts 5A, 5B. Nc/2 indicates the number of needles that are inactive at this stage of the knitting reciprocating movement.

After two halves 5A, 5B of the upper part of the carcass part 1 will be associated reciprocating with the relevant final partial rows A1, A2, begins the stage of knitting the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and then step knitting parts of the legs 9A, 9B (see figure 3). Both of these steps can be done two cylinders 11, 13, rotating in a continuous movement in one direction, knitting the threads of the respective filings and each producing first corresponding portion 7A or 7B of the lower part of the Cabinet parts 1 and then the corresponding item for the legs 9A, 9B through all their needles (e.g., 400), i.e. the work includes also those needles, which, before it has remained inactive for arcs With two cylinders 11, 13, equal to Nc/2 (= 50 in this example).

At the beginning of this stage also needle arcs With both cylinders, which remain inactive during the reciprocating motion are included in the work together with the needles, to the which they knitted part 3A, 3B elastic waist and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. These needles, which before it had remained inactive, form one or more initial partial ranks of the SS and continue to knit in a continuous movement of the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and then the details for the legs 9A, 9B together with the other needles of the respective cylinders. This stage of the passage discussed in further detail below.

Thus, the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts fit the number of needles equal to the sum of the two needles of the cylinder. Conversely, every detail for the legs 9A, 9B fit the needle cylinder 11 or 13. As a result, each detail of the foot will be the number of columns of loops N9 equal to the number of needles of the cylinder (400 needles in this example). The lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts will have the number of columns of loops equal to 2×N9, i.e. equal to twice the number of needles of each cylinder 11, 13. Part of the data columns loops continues from olorado A1, A2, which end part connected to the reciprocating movement in the direction of the parts for the legs 9A, 9B, while the portion of the data columns of loops forms wezwanie With from which they proceed towards the parts of the legs 9A, 9B. As the number of needles of each cylinder 11, 13, remaining inactive in the previous step knitting reciprocating motion of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, is Nc/2, is about and the number of loops in the time of involvement, will be equal to Nc.

During the knitting inside of the lower cylinder 11 air flow is formed from the bottom through traditional intake system, not shown in the drawing. Thus, the tights as the formation of absorbed towards the bottom and move inside the lower cylinder 11 with parts 3B of the belt and 5B panties, and the part of the legs 9B inserted inside respective parts 3A, 5A, 9A tights so that when the tights are extracted from the machine, they are in the condition shown in figure 4 and 5, and to make the tights wearable form, shown in figure 1, you must remove the right item for leg 9B of the inner part of the left parts of the legs 9A, acting in accordance with the arrow F in figure 5, and also turning once turned detail to the legs 9B, the right part 5A of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts and the right part 3A elastic waistband.

This operation of extracting one part for the feet of another after knitting tights can also be performed automatically by the machine upon completion of the knitting of stockings, a preliminary separation of only the internal parts for the legs 9B from the needle 13, which form it, and a simultaneous change air flow direction up. Thus, while the last column of the loops of the other details for the legs 9A is still attached to the needle 15, which it was formed, inside which I detail for legs 9B slides off the outer parts of the legs 9A and teared up. At this point also the last column of loops outer parts of the legs 9A is removed from the needle 15 and the tights are unloaded up or down already in expanded form, as shown in figure 1.

Figure 6 schematically shows an axial section facing each other with the ends of the bottom 11 and the top 13 of the cylinder knitting machine in accordance with the present invention at the stage of knitting reciprocating motion of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 tights in accordance with the present invention.

In each cylinder, you can see the needle 15, which slide on the outer longitudinal grooves 11A, 13A of the cylinder under the action of the control Cam and igrovogo, the description of which will be presented next, and platinum 17, moving horizontally in the radial grooves of the respective plates or outer rings 19, 21, integral with the cylinders 11, 13. Platinum controlled by Cams 23, 25, based for each cylinder at the appropriate ring 27, 29, who is not allowed to rotate special corner bearing (not shown) non-rotating part of the machine.

On Fig, in which the horizontal distance between the needles and platinum have been increased to make the drawing clearer, shows how the needle 15 of the lower cylinder 11 are combined with the needles 15 of the upper cylinder 13 so that the needle 15 one cylinder aligned with platinum 17 the other cylinder. In addition, in an advantageous embodiment of the present invention platinum 17 have a deep recess 17B (see Fig. 10, 6, and 7) are very close to the corresponding hook 17A, and almost between the hook and patocchi T for passage of the needles 15 in front of the cylinder when they are pulled out of the specified cylinder to grip the threads of the feed.

Thus, figure 7 shows the needle 15 of the upper cylinder 13, which lowered speaking from his cylinder 13, passing in the space 17B, located opposite of platinum in order to take the thread 31 of the thread guide 55A, while the needles are in front of the cylinder 11 is inactive and remain drawn about the level of the upper edge of the sinkers 17 of the cylinder 11. It should be noted that at this stage, the thread guide 55A is slightly above the line (f), showing the horizontal plane that are equidistant from the cylinders 11 and 13, so that the needles of the upper cylinder 13 can pick up the thread properly. In addition, platinum cylinder 17, which do not form a loop, held extended in the position shown in Fig.7, in order not to interfere, due to the space 17B in accordance with the present invention, the needles of the upper cylinder, when they form a loop.

This design allows to form elastic belt 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of the body is the first part of the reciprocating movement of all the needles of the arc of the active needles of each cylinder, i.e. to use the real accuracy of the machine to obtain the required density of loops in the Cabinet parts, as described above.

Figure 9 shows the relative position of the needle 15 and Platin 17, when the hinge is formed by the lower cylinder 11 for knitting the upper part of the Cabinet parts reciprocating movement. At this stage, the needle 15 of the lower cylinder 11 is included to pick up the same thread 31 submission from the same thread guide 55A, used needles of the upper cylinder 13 (6) in the previous reciprocating step. It should be noted that at the stage Fig.9 thread guides 55A slightly raised above the line (f)to the needles of the lower cylinder took the thread properly. Such displacement of the thread guide 55A between the reciprocating cylinders steps are achieved by means of a special device, not shown in the drawing, for example, of the type represented in the mentioned U.S. patent 4011738.

As in the process of knitting elastic belts 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1 reciprocating movement, it is necessary, as explained above, so that the distance between the two facing each other cylinders as small as possible to reduce as much as possible wezwanie connecting the ends of the rows formed by two cylinders, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention PL is Tina 17 are leaving the plane 17C (figure 10) at the same level, as the upper portion of the corresponding hook 17A. As a result, the cylinders can be kept next to each other so that the distance (d) (7) between platinum 17 two cylinders 11, 13 is the distance required for the passage of the knitwear.

On 11, 12 and 13 shows the construction of a set of Cams move the needle 15 and igrovogo 16 both cylinders at the respective working stages of the machine. In the figures shown, the needle 15 and iglovod 16, for clarity, to the left of this design on the respective working paths. Starting from the bottom, to the bottom of the cylinder can be seen lifting Cams 35A, 35V, 35C, 35D and lowering Cams 37A, 37V, S, 37D for lifting and lowering of igrovogo 16, sets of levers of choice 39 that can be controlled in the classical manner by any known mechanical or electrical device of choice, four groups of Cams 41A, 41C, 41C, 41D control needles to form loops, and to the top of the cylinder you can see similar elements, such as three groups of Cams 43A, B, and 43C control needles to form loops, lifting Cams 45A, B, 45C and lowering Cams 47A, 47B for lifting and lowering of igrovogo 16 and the sets of levers of choice 49.

Respectively above and below the design Cams control needles and povodni shows the paths 51, 53 heels T Platin 17, matched with the ment of the upper cylinder and lower cylinder, which extend in the same plane as the controls needles in order to show their movement relative to the latter. However, it should be noted that actually platinum 17 move in a horizontal plane, and the needle and uglovoy move vertically in the respective grooves of the cylinder of the machine.

In long horizontal segments 51A, 53A ways Platin presented thus platinum are in the fully extended position shown in Fig.6. This position enables the associated needles 15 of the other cylinder to move axially of the cylinder to capture the thread without hitting platinum. Instead, a lower horizontal segments 51B report, V data paths are platinum 17 in the fully extended position in the direction of the centripetal movement, as platinum bottom of the cylinder, shown in Fig.9, and traditionally they are consistent with forming loops Cams 41A-41D and 43A-and 43C corresponding feed of the machine.

In addition, figure 11 (and Fig and 13), about a line (f) shows the path of the needles corresponding to the feed, which is the active phase, which is a reference to the drawing, the path, which in this case, the needles 15 of the lower cylinder 11 to form a loop capture strands of yarn feeders 55A, 55V.

At this stage cylinders 11 make an anti-clockwise direction (arrow F1)to form on the respective feed threads 55A, 55V, through an arc of adjacent needles (for example, 350 needles of the total number of 400) of the lower cylinder, two rows of loops half 3A (see also figure 1) elastic belt, or half 5A of the upper part of camisole. At this stage, groups are used Cams 41C, 41C, forming loops, and the corresponding Cams lift igrovogo 35A, 35V, while the needles 15 of the upper cylinder remain inactive, with the raised hooks on the level of the discharging plane of the respective sinkers 17, as in Fig.9. Platinum 17 of the lower cylinder follow the path indicated at 11, interacting in the usual way with needles, forming a loop on the specified groups of Cams 41C, 41C, while the Cams control platinum upper cylinder rotates counterclockwise at an angle (α) to delay the centripetal movement of these dams to the extent sufficient to not interfere with the needles of the lower cylinder during the formation of loops. This limited rotation of the Cams Platin upper cylinder in a counterclockwise direction is obtained by a simple rotation of a support 29 (6) data of Cams by means of friction to the corner bearing, not shown in the drawing.

On stage Fig cylinders make clockwise rotation (arrow F2) to form the upper cylinder through an arc of adjacent needles (for example, 350 needles of the total number of 400 IG is) and on the corresponding feed threads 55A, 55V, already used on the stage 11, two rows of loops half 3V (see also figure 1) elastic belt, or half 5B of the upper part of camisole. At this stage, are groups forming loops Cams 43A, B and the corresponding lowering Cams 47A, 47B and lifting Cams 45A, V for lowering and lifting of igrovogo. Platinum 17 upper cylinder follow the path indicated on Fig, interacting in the usual way with the appropriate needles 15, forming a loop on the specified groups of Cams 43A, B, while the Cams control platinum upper cylinder rotate clockwise to delay angle (β) centripetal movement of the respective sinkers to a degree sufficient so as not to interfere with the needles of the upper cylinder during the above-mentioned formation of the loops. This limited rotation of the Cams Platin bottom of the cylinder in the clockwise direction is obtained by a simple rotation of the support 27 of these Cams to prescribed angular supports.

On stage Fig cylinders rotate in the counterclockwise direction with a continuous motion (arrow F1) to form the corresponding half 7A, 7B of the lower part of the panties or the relevant parts for the legs 9A, 9B, using in both cases, all needles. Namely, at this stage, the lower cylinder generates, at each rotation, d is a number of loops, taking the yarn from the yarn feeders 55D, 55C through groups 41A, 41D petrobrazi Cams and associated Cam lifting igrovogo 35D, 35C, while the upper cylinder forming two rows of loops capture strands of yarn feeders 55A, 55V by groups V, and 43C petrobrazi Cams and associated Cam lowering of igrovogo 47A, 47B. Platinum 17 of the upper cylinder 13 and the lower cylinder 11 is moving along the path shown in Fig, interacting in the usual way with the appropriate needles 15, forming a loop on the specified groups of Cams W, and 43C; 41A, 41D without reciprocating displacement of the respective control Cams, as two cylinders, as clearly shown in figure 10, form a loop on mutually offset at an angle feed, without the interaction of platinum one cylinder to the needles of the other cylinder, due to the special form of platinum in accordance with this invention, as explained above.

In the early stage of the knitting continuous movement that includes all the needles of the two cylinders, i.e. needles, which form a reciprocating belt 3A, 3B and the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1, needles along the arc of the inactive needles of the two cylinders 11, 13 is free from loops at their cores as they have not participated in the previous stage of the knitting. In the early stage of the knitting continuous movement data arc With needles, is the quiet remain inactive in the previous step, form at the beginning of the knitting of the continuous movement of the row or rows for connection details for the feet in line lastovica SS (see also figure 1). For inclusion in the work of these needles must use at least one thread for the formation of the first row of loops.

On Fig shows the formation of the first row of loops formed by the first thread, WA this stage. In the illustrated example, since the threads forming the upper part 5A, 5B and elastic belt 3A, 3B Cabinet parts 1 thread of yarn feeders of the lower cylinder 11, the first thread WA (one of the threads that form part 55A, 55V Cabinet parts 1) is captured by the needles of the lower cylinder 11. These needles catch the thread from the thread guide 55A feed 41C (see also Fig). The second row of loops is formed by another thread WB (which also forms part 55A, 55V Cabinet parts 1)submitted by the thread guide 55V supply 41P, as described in this document.

When, during the formation of the first series (WA) arc of needles, before this remained inactive, both cylinders 11, 13 (the tab which was previously open standard device opening of the needle, not shown in the drawing) are to traverse 55A to capture this thread, take the needle odd positions (a2, a4, and so on) of the upper cylinder and needles even position (A2, A4 and so on) of the lower cylinder. Thus, the arc of the needle n is th WA has the form of a zigzag, as shown in Fig. Continuing rotation of the cylinder in the direction F1, the following flow, i.e. the flow 41C Fig, needle arcs With two cylinders 11, 13 take the WB thread supplied by the thread guide 55V, in the reverse order shown in Fig, i.e. they are being put in place to capture the threads only on the odd needles (A1, A3 and so on) of the lower cylinder 11 and the even-numbered needles (b2, b4 and so on) of the upper cylinder 13. On Fig the path of the yarn WB, gear even-numbered needles of the upper cylinder 13 and the odd-numbered needles of the lower cylinder at this stage, indicated by a dotted line.

Thus, two mutually wasanii initial number of loops are formed on arcs of needles, and then all the needles of the arc With both cylinders 11,13 can work together with all the other needles of the two cylinders, as illustrated and described in Fig, for knitting the lower part 7A, 7B Cabinet parts 1 and corresponding parts of the legs 9A, 9B. They are connecting wezwanie on the arcuate curve of the SS on the gusset.

In the above description, it was assumed that Cabinet item fit in a reciprocating movement by means of two bottom feed and top two innings of two working yarn feeders 55A, 55V bottom of the cylinder. Thus, the initial rows of involvement generated by the arc With needles, inactive in the previous step on each cylinder 11, 13, who begin abott, when knitting with reciprocating motion and starts knitting a continuous movement shaped by the same lower yarn feeders, which feed yarns WA, WB, of which fit the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1. However, you can work in the reverse order, i.e. forming a Cabinet 1, feeding two strands of the yarn feeders of the upper cylinder. In this case, wezwanie will be formed of two yarns WA, WB, supplied by the yarn feeders of the upper cylinder on both cylinders at the stage of knitting with reciprocating motion for the formation of the upper part 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts 1.

It is also possible to perform this wezwanie reciprocating, but this solution is more complex and less rapid.

Thus, during the reciprocating motion necessary to keep two cylinders accurately phased with respect to each other with a corresponding displacement of the needle half step. This can be achieved in the usual way, by creating the transmission of movement between the cylinders is corrected transmission and recovery at the stage of assembling the inevitable backlash in the transmission through a double gear. But it is economically disadvantageous.

To eliminate this inconvenience, in some embodiments, the invention provides a special design, illustrated the new Fig. from 15 to 19, in which the hollow block 103 is secured by screws 101 to the lower cylinder 11, the specified block is provided with a top opening, inside of which is a cylindrical insert (socket) 105. The axis Y-Y of the sleeve parallel to the axis x-X of the cylinder and is placed in and around the needles forming the gusset of the tights, at equal distance from the needle, which is moving the knitting on the back and which form the columns of loops m, n 1.

Such hollow block 109 is secured by screws 111 to the upper cylinder 13, this block has a bottom opening that is angled support bracket 107, which is also the axis Y-Y. the Cap 107 can be inserted in the insert (socket) 105 with a minimum radial clearance sufficient only for the free back-and-forth axial sliding.

In the design Fig cylinders are adjacent to each other to the maximum extent possible for knitting a reciprocating parts 5A, 5B of Cabinet parts and 3A, 3B elastic belt. In this arrangement, the cap 107 is inserted with a minimum clearance in the slot 105 to keep the cylinders 11, 13 at an angle to each other so that the needles of one cylinder when they are being put in place for the formation of loops, freely inserted between the needles of the other cylinder without mutual interference, as shown in Fig. Dr. who and the edges 3A, 5A; 3B, 5B paintings produced reciprocating movement to move one within the other, as shown in figure 2 and 3, and are connected together at their respective ends in accordance with the lines m, n. Due to the construction described above stub 107, it does not prevent these two edges of the fabric during formation, as they are opposite sides from the cover plate 107, not touching her.

Thus, any angular gap arising from the mechanical transmission between the cylinders 11 and 13 is reversed and it is the gap between the gears and the connection that shape them, and there is no need to use the adjusted transmission.

In the design Fig, which shows the relative axial position of the cylinders 11, 13 in the process of knitting a continuous movement of the parts for the legs 9A, 9B, the cylinders are at a distance from each other so that the respective needle entering the work for forming the loops remained axially spaced from the needles of the other cylinder and, thus, their precise relative angular positioning is not necessary. In this position, the cap 107 is completely out of the slot 105 and remains at a distance from it to the extent sufficient for the passage between the plug and the socket of the blade parts for the legs 9A, 9B in the process of knitting.

On Fig shows a side view of golaud the key described above, two-cylinder machine with the lower cylinder 11 and the upper cylinder 13, located in the adjacent position Fig. Almost machine has two opposite polgolovki 200, 300, each of which contains the base plate 202, 302, which supports the corresponding cylinder 11, 13 by bearings 204, 206; 304, 306. The cylinders are interconnected with the drive shaft 308 and two matching pairs of gears 210, 212; 310, 312, the drive shaft is actually formed by two coaxial shafts 214, 314, connected together by connection with slotted profiles 216, which can slide axially.

In addition, each cylinder 200, 300 contains control Cams for controlling the respective needles and povodni (not shown in the drawing), the Cams that are attached to the supports, called "caps" 218, 220; 318, 320 fixed to the intermediate plate 222; 322 and to the main plate 202, 302, respectively.

The lower main plate rests on the base 324 of the machine and the cylinder receives the movement for rotation of the cylinder by a toothed belt and pulley 326.

Top belogolovka 300 has a main plate 302 that are integrated with the Shoe 328 prismatic guide 330 parallel to the axis x-X of the cylinder and attached to the side support, which, in turn, is integral with the main plate 202 of the lower polgolovki 200. The actuator 334 is located between the main plate 202 302 two polugologo to move them towards each other or away from each other, the path of the offset is determined by adjustable stops (not shown).

Thus, it is possible to move the cylinders 11, 13 towards each other relevant polugodovymi 200, 300 in the scheme Fig for knitting a reciprocating parts of tights in accordance with the above method, or move these cylinders from each other together with the above polugodovymi in the scheme Fig for knitting continuous movement of other parts of the tights.

You must understand that the reciprocating axial motion of the two cylinders towards each other with needles of one cylinder inserted between the needles of the opposite cylinder during knitting of the reciprocating movement is particularly preferable, because it allows to obtain a more uniform finished product in which the area of Cabinet parts produced by the reverse movement of the cylinder, almost not visible. However, you can install the cylinder at a distance from each other and also during the knitting of the reciprocating movement of Cabinet parts. In this case, there is less mechanical complexity at a lower quality finished product. On figa and 4A schematically illustrates the types of products that are similar to figures 1 and 4, but with a dedicated broader line of involvement m, n, i.e. the existence of a region in which two to shift the data of column hinges more mutually spaced due to the fact, in this area the thread passes from one cylinder to another, performing a greater offset than in the case of adjacent cylinders owing to the distance at which these cylinders are in the process of knitting.

The above describes an implementation option, in which the arc of needles remained inactive during the knitting of Cabinet parts reciprocating movement, the needle configured for operation for the formation of involvement in the closing region of lastovica.

Thus, it is possible to manufacture a high quality product and best prelevement, significantly better compared with what is obtained by the methods described in the prior art. Namely, the product has a significantly higher density of loops in the area of Cabinet parts than the density that can be obtained using conventional systems, in which case part fit half of the needle cylinder, i.e. for each active cylinder remain only the even-numbered needles or odd needles. While maintaining inactive only those needles on wezwanie With that match only part of the entire circular needles needle cases, the number of columns of the hinge parts Cabinet parts associated reciprocating, substantially more than the number of columns of loops of the same part for the feet. For example, if the fourth cha is th needles each circular needle cases, i.e. each cylinder shall be excluded from work during the step of knitting the reciprocating movement, the piece body fit (in part formed reciprocating) number of columns of loops equal to 1.5 times the number of columns of the hinge parts of the legs. However, the number of needles that are excluded from the operation phase of the reciprocating movement, less than 25% of the total number of needles. For example, on a machine with 400 needles 50 needles can be excluded from work during the knitting of the reciprocating movement, and as a result, wezwanie is formed With 50 needles each cylinder, while part of Cabinet parts, which fit the reciprocating movement of the formed 2-(400-50)=700 needles.

In less preferred embodiments, the implementation of the present invention can provide a knitting Cabinet parts reciprocating movement using all the needles (and not to alternate needles, as in prior art) throughout the pie yalniz both cylinders, i.e. using needles on all 360° circular yalniz two cylinders. On Fig schematically shows the product on the intermediate work stage corresponding to figure 4, in this another embodiment of the present invention. On Fig shows the form of the product, similar to figure 1. The machine design and the stage of the knitting stauts is in large part unchanged compared to the above, but also at the stage of knitting reciprocating all of the needle cylinder participate in the knitting loops. Produced in this way, the product contains the same number of columns of loops in two parts for the legs, while the body part is formed on the entire working line number of columns of loops equal to the sum of the columns of loops forming parts for the foot and, thus, with the same density of the loops on the entire product. For example, on a machine with 400 needles every detail of leg fit 400 needles, and piece body fit 800 needles.

As already mentioned in the introduction to this description, you can knit a product, starting with the toes of parts for the foot continuous movement of the two cylinders, and end in the zone of Cabinet parts. Also in this case, you can perform wezwanie With the exception of the work of the arc of needles in both cylinders, the transition from knitting items for feet to knitting Cabinet parts. Wezwanie can be made sustainable and durable, for example, using threads, obtained aerodynamic method from the melt, or wezwanie 1/1, or lycra or other known methods.

It is obvious that the drawing shows only an example provided by the practical implementation of the present invention, which can vary in shape and design, but without rejecting itconcepts, underlying the present invention. All reference numbers in paragraphs appended claims are provided solely to facilitate reading of the claims in light of the description and drawings, and in no way limit the scope of legal protection represented by the claims.

1. Method of knitting knitwear containing Cabinet item (1) and two pieces for the legs (9A, 9B), through two-cylinder (11, 13) circular knitting machines with two overlapping cylinders (11, 13)containing phases in which knit at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) the reciprocating motion of the two cylinders and knit items for legs (9A, 9B) of the continuous circular motion of the two cylinders (11, 13), the first item for the legs fit in the first of these cylinders, and the second part for the legs fit in the second of these cylinders, characterized in that in the process of knitting Cabinet parts (1) the reciprocating motion of the two cylinders (11, 13) all needles, at least one arc of needles of the upper cylinder and all the needles of the corresponding arc of the needles of the lower cylinder being put in place, using at least two inlet and at least two threads.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the first knit waist Cabinet parts, knit Cabinet item and ZAT is knit items for the feet.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the first knit at the same time Myski parts for the foot, knit items for legs and then knit Cabinet item.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that during the knitting of the specified at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts reciprocating use an even number of feeds and threads with at least one thread "S" and at least one thread "Z", each part of leg fit, at least two innings and at least one thread "S" and one thread "Z".

5. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that during the knitting of the specified at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts reciprocating use an even number of feeds and threads with at least one thread "S" and at least one thread "Z", each part of leg fit, at least two innings and at least one thread "S" and one thread "Z".

6. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that during the knitting of the specified at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts reciprocating use an even number of feeds and threads with at least one thread "S" and at least one thread "Z", each part of leg fit, at least two innings and at least one thread "S" and one thread "Z".

7. With the ladies in one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that retain the needles of the arc (C) temporarily inactive on each of these two cylinders in the process of knitting the specified at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts reciprocating and form specified temporarily inactive needles line of involvement (SS) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B).

8. The method according to p. 7 , characterized in that the first knit at least one part of Cabinet parts reciprocating hold the needles of these arcs (S) is inactive, and at the end of the knitting of the specified at least one part of the Cabinet parts give effect to these temporarily inactive needles, form a line of involvement (SS) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B) and then continue knitting a continuous circular motion through all of the needles (15) both cylinders (11, 13) for knitting the above-mentioned parts for legs (9A, 9B).

9. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the said product is formed by the combination of three tubular paintings, with the first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B) is formed by two cylinders (11; 13), which rotate reciprocating and knit yarn fed at least two yarn feeders (55A, 55V), at least two innings, with the needles of one cylinder working when the specified cylinder is rotated in the direction, and needles of the other cylinder work when it rotates in the opposite direction, while the other two tubular blade (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) is obtained by knitting simultaneously and separately from the first of these two other paintings of the first cylinder (11) and the second of these two other paintings of the second cylinder (13) by rotating the first and second cylinders continuous traffic flow in each of the specified first and second cylinders, at least two corresponding threads of the two respective yarn feeders (55C, 55D; 55A, 55V), at least two innings for each cylinder.

10. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that the knitting of the specified first tubular blade (3A, 3B, 5A, 5B) of each cylinder (11; 13) uses all the needles of the first arc of needles, with the number of needles is less than the total number of needles of the cylinder, leaving the corresponding arc (C) of the inactive needles for each cylinder, and the knitting of each of the other two tubular fabrics (7A, 7B; 9A, 9B) are performed by all of the needles (15) of the corresponding cylinder (11; 13).

11. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the specified arc (C) of needles remained inactive during the knitting of the specified first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts, but such wezwanie is formed of at least one partial close (WA; WB) and preferably two partial rows of simple loops the line lastovica (SS) products and the specified at least one partial range of fit needles arcs (C) of needles that are inactive, both cylinders (11, 13).

12. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the specified arc (C) of needles, which remains inactive during the knitting of the specified first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1), the specified wezwanie is formed of at least two partial rows (WA; WB) simple loops on the specified line lastovica (SS) product, and these two partial rows are knitted by needles arcs (C) of needles that are inactive, both cylinders (11, 13).

13. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the at least one partial row is formed by the thread that knits the specified first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1).

14. The method according to item 12, characterized in that the said at least two partial rows are formed by two threads that knit found the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1).

15. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the at least one partial range of simple loops seem to fit through arcs (C) of needles remaining inactive during the knitting of the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1), is formed by the capture of at least one thread through alternating needles (A2, A4, ...; b1, b3, ...) arcs (C) of needles remaining inactive, the two cylinders.

16. The method according to item 12, wherein casanueva partial number of simple loops match the arcs (C) of needles, remaining inactive, while knitting the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) are formed by capturing at least one first thread (WA) even needles (A2, A4, ...) arc (C) of needles that are inactive the first cylinder and the odd needles (b1, b3, ...) arc (C) of needles remaining inactive, the second cylinder, and the subsequent capture of the second thread (WB) odd needles (A1, A3...) arc (C) of needles that are inactive, first cylinder, and the even-numbered needles (b2, b4, ...) arc (C) of needles remaining inactive second cylinder.

17. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the at least one partial range or the two partial rows of loops knitted continuous and simultaneous movement of rotation of the two cylinders (11, 13).

18. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) match, at least two strings, served two yarn feeders alternative to the first cylinder (11) during rotation in one direction and to the second cylinder (13) during rotation in the opposite direction.

19. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the first part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) fit using two innings of the first cylinder and the two innings of the second cylinder.

20. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that in the process of knitting the reciprocating movement is the group specified, at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) two cylinders (11, 13) two-cylinder machine move axially to each other in adjacent operating position so that the needles of one cylinder pass between the needles of the other cylinder, while knitting a continuous circular motion of the two cylinders move axially away from each other in spaced operating positions.

21. The method according to claim 20, characterized in that in the process of knitting a reciprocating these two cylinders are connected to each other in the rotation through angle device connection located inside the two cylinders.

22. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that during the knitting of Cabinet parts and during the knitting of the parts for the two legs of the cylinder (11, 13) are located at such distance from each other that the needles of one cylinder does not pass between the needles of the other cylinder.

23. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that all the needles of the cylinder (11, 13) form a loop at the stage of knitting specified, at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) reciprocating.

24. Two-cylinder (11, 13) of the circular knitting machine for the production of clothing, such as shorts, tights and similar items containing two superimposed needle cylinder (11, 13) and vypolnen the I possibility of supervised implementation of knitting, at least one part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts (1) through reciprocating motion of the two cylinders and knitting items for legs (9A, 9B) through continuous circular motion of the two cylinders (11, 13), while the first of these cylinders made with the possibility of knitting the first details for the legs, and the second of these cylinders made with the possibility of knitting the second part for the legs, characterized in that the machine is additionally controlled so that in the process of knitting Cabinet parts (1) through reciprocating motion of the two overlapping cylinders (11, 13), all needles, at least one arc of needles of the upper cylinder and all the needles of the corresponding arc of the needles of the lower cylinder come into effect, using at least two inlet and at least two threads.

25. The machine according to paragraph 24, wherein the two cylinders (11, 13) is displaced at an angle relative to each other so that each cylinder (11, 13) has its own needle (15)aligned with platinum (17) of the other cylinders (13, 11), and needle (11) one cylinder is not faced with the needles of the other cylinder in the process of knitting products, and both cylinder is made with the possibility of using them with effective quality for knitting all parts of the product.

26. Machine A.25, wherein the platinum (17) has a hook (1A) and heels (T), thus between the said hook and patocchi formed recess (17th century), designed for the passage of the corresponding needle (15) opposite the cylinder, when it forms a loop, and platinum (17) of the cylinder (11, 13) are held in extended position, when the needle (15) of the other cylinders (13, 11) are driven to construct the loop.

27. The machine according to paragraph 24, wherein the platinum (17) two cylinders (11, 13) have a plane forming loops (17C), essentially aligned with the upper part of the hook (17A).

28. Machine A.25, wherein the platinum (17) two cylinders (11, 13) have a plane forming loops (17C), essentially aligned with the upper part of the hook (17A).

29. Machine p, wherein the platinum (17) two cylinders (11, 13) have a plane forming loops (17C), essentially aligned with the upper part of the hook (17A).

30. Machine according to one of PP-29, characterized in that each cylinder (11, 13) contains control Cams (23, 25), is arranged to control the corresponding platinum (17) and installed with the possibility of angular displacement, angular changes its position at different stages of operation of the machine.

31. Machine according to item 30, wherein at each step of the return of the reciprocating motion, in which the needles of one of these cylinders do not work, the UE is alaysia Cams (23; 25) management platinum (17) of the cylinder needles which do not work, executed with a possibility of displacement in the angle (α; β) relative to their normal angular position used at the stages of continuous motion to delay the output of the corresponding platinum (17) relative to the point of formation of the loops of the other of said two cylinders, needles which work by preventing grazing specified working needles of the specified other cylinder.

32. Machine according to one of PP-29, characterized in that the two cylinders are made with the alternative of moving in two positions knitting, respectively adjacent the first position and the second spaced position of the two cylinders, there is a device gussets to limit the rotation of the two cylinders, when they are in the first connecting position.

33. Machine p, characterized in that said device gussets are located inside the two cylinders.

34. Machine p, characterized in that said device gussets contains the pin at the first of these cylinders and the nest on the second of these cylinders, when the axial translational motion of the two cylinders pin enters the socket.

35. Machine 34, characterized in that the pin and the specified socket rigidly connected to line the respective cylinders.

36. The knitted product containing Cabinet item (1) and two pieces for the legs (9A, 9B)connected in lastovica, with the specified piece body (1) and specified parts for the legs (9A, 9B) is formed of continuously knitted fabric in a seamless way, characterized in that piece body and parts for legs each formed of at least two threads, this-piece body formed by a number of columns of loops is greater than the number of columns of loops forming one of said parts for legs.

37. Product by p, characterized in that at least one of the specified Cabinet parts formed by the number of columns of loops equal to 1.4 to 1.9 times the number of columns of loops of one of said parts for the legs, and preferably equal to from 1.5 to 1.9, and more preferably equal to from 1.6 to 1.9 times the number of columns of loops of one of said parts for legs.

38. Product by p, characterized in that piece body and parts for legs formed of at least one thread "S" and at least one thread "Z".

39. The product according to clause 37, characterized in that the above-piece body, and these parts for legs formed of at least one thread "S" and at least one thread "Z".

40. Product by one of p-38, characterized in that the specified Cabinet detail and specified parts for the legs formed by respective sections of tubular knitted fabric, moreover, the columns of loops form a Cabinet item, continuing until the formation of the parts for the legs.

41. Product by one of p-38, characterized in that the above-piece body (1) contains at least one upper part (5A, 5B)formed in two sections connected by two lines of involvement (m, n)formed on the front and on the back of the product.

42. Product by one of p-38, characterized in that the upper part is formed by the number of columns of loops is greater than the number of columns of loops of one of said parts for legs.

43. Product by one of p-38, characterized in that in the area of lastovica formed line connection (SS) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B), with the specified line formed at least near of involvement and preferably two rows of involvement that are common to the two parts to his feet.

44. Product by § 42, characterized in that in the area of lastovica formed line connection (SS) to connect the two parts of the legs (9A, 9B), with the specified line formed at least near of involvement and preferably two rows of involvement common to the two parts of the feet, with the specified piece body (1) contains the lower part (7A, 7B), forming the basis for the implementation of the upper part (5A, 5B) and continued education the Oia area lastovica and parts for legs (9A, 9B) of the product, and these lines of involvement (m, n) continue in the upper part (5A, 5B) Cabinet parts, and the front line of involvement (m) is connected to the rear line of involvement (n), by means of this involvement (SS), continuing on the lower part (7A, 7B) Cabinet parts (1).

45. The product according to item 43, wherein the specified wyzwanie (SS) formed by the filaments forming the upper part (5A, 5B) of the said Cabinet parts (1).

46. The product according to item 43, characterized in that the above-piece body (1) formed by the columns of loops, continuing from the waist (3A, 3B) Cabinet parts (1) to parts of the legs (9A, 9B), and in the lower part of the subsequent columns loops, continuing from the specified involvement (SS) to said parts for legs (9A, 9B).

47. The product according to item 43, wherein the two parts for the legs (9A, 9B) formed in equal amounts (N9) column hinge parts for the legs, and wyzwanie (SS) formed by a number (Nc) of the columns of loops of involvement, with the specified piece body (1) contains the upper part (5A, 5B)formed by number (N5) column hinges Cabinet parts, is equal to the sum of columns (N9) loops of the two parts to the legs (9A, 9B) minus the number (Nc) of the columns of loops of involvement (SS).

48. Product by p, in which the lower part (7A, 7B) of the said Cabinet parts (1) formed : the m columns of loops, equal to the sum of the number (N9) columns of loops of the two parts to the legs (9A, 9B), part of which forms a specified wyzwanie (SS).

49. Product by p, wherein the specified number (Nc) of the columns of loops of involvement is less than half the number (N9) columns loops every detail of legs (9A, 9B).

50. Product by one of p-38, characterized in that the two parts for the legs (9A, 9B) formed the same number of columns of loops, with the specified piece body (1) formed by the number of columns of loops equal to the sum of the columns of the loops of the two parts to the legs.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: in one of the versions the method comprises the steps of using a plurality of drivers of twisted yarns forming the multilayer structure in the first direction, in which all drivers are able to move promptly relative to each other in a second direction which is perpendicular to the first direction, and form a plurality of intersection points of twisted yarns by moving at least one driver of twisted yarns in the second direction according to the scheme of combining, the binding yarns are moved through a plurality of twisted yarn layers at predetermined positions in the first direction, the binding yarns are fixed in place, the binding yarns are pushed to the side of felled seam of the multilayer fabric and the formed multilayer fabrics are wound.

EFFECT: improvement of the method.

20 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: tubular knitted good, such as socks, is manufactured on a machine with a fixed number of needles in the needle cylinder, the parts of calf, panel, heel and toe and other parts are knitted successively by plated hosiery of at least two threads, one of which is relatively inextensible, such as cotton yarn, the second is elastane or complex elastomer, form the front and rear parts of the product in relation to the man's leg. At that, the front part of the panel and the foot are knitted by incomplete weaving with part of the inoperative needles with formation in place of the inoperative needles of broaches of the two threads, which together form vertical strips in the form of alternating columns of loops and broaches of threads, located across the width of the entire site, or symmetrically relative to the front edge (fold) of the sock, opposite the heel part at placing of the sock on the plane.

EFFECT: ability to use one machine with a predetermined number of needles for knitting goods of different sizes.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method of knitting knitwear with a hood as follows: the individual parts of an item is knitted with flat knitting machine. New is the fact that they are joined together while knitting on both sides in the vertical direction, first stitches of body and left sleeves are connected and then stitches of body and right sleeve by successive shifts of body and sleeve parts relative to each other the required number of steps of needle and production is begun with knitting of bottom of each part of item with incomplete double purls and sleeves and body are knitted with incomplete slur, hood stand area is knitted with incomplete ribbed knitting, construction of body is knitted through the needle on the first front bed on odd needles, then on back bed through on even needles, then stiches of back bed is transferred to the front bed to the free even needles for after knitting of a raw in even needles of the front bed all the stiches are moved on the odd needles of the back bed and stiches on odd needles of the current row are knitted, then knit stiches are moved to the odd the needles of the front bed.

EFFECT: robust and extensible connection of parts.

2 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: fabrics are composed of mixed yarn made from a uniform combination of staple fibers of nylon and cotton. Such fabrics comprise the weight ratio of cotton to nylon, which is in the range of from about 55:45 to about 85:15, and these fabrics also have a mass that is in the range from about 3 to about 8 ounces/square yard. The jersey fabric of this type has the specified combination of good thermal protective properties provided.

EFFECT: high level of uniformity of mixing of staple fibers with very useful properties of abrasion resistance, bursting strength and drying time.

40 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method includes formation from a working thread with a hook or knitting needles of rows of loops from which the corresponding parts of a knitwear is formed, while as a working thread a working thread with parts of varying thickness is used. The thickness of the working thread on its corresponding part of variable thickness is adjusted according to the required thickness of the performed part of the knitwear, for formation of which this part of the working thread is used.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability of the product.

4 cl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: conjugate reinforced thread of rod braiding-type contains a rod part containing polyurethane, and braided portion containing elastomer. Polyurethane contains polyurethane of double prepolymer type. It is obtained from interaction of prepolymer having isocyanate groups at both ends, which is obtained by interaction of polyol and a diisocyanate with one another, and prepolymer having hydroxyl groups at both ends, which is obtained as a result of interaction with each other of polyol, diisocyanate and diol with low molecular weight. Conjugate reinforced thread of rod braiding-type is obtained by spinning of conjugate yarn in a fineness conditions of 18 to 110 dtex, the ratio of core part mass to the braided part from 95/5 to 60/40, and the multiplicity of exhaust from 1.5 to 4.0. Knitted fabric is connected to the use of such conjugate reinforced filament. Item of clothing is obtained by using such knitted fabric.

EFFECT: conjugate reinforced fiber has excellent elongation, has sufficient strength, reveals high transparency, provides a pleasant tactile feeling and has a moderate fitting potential.

7 cl, 6 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: double combined filling-knit fabric based on the double-back stitching and overhead jacquard weave contains a overhead jacquard weave with a wale of elongated double stitches, underlap of each loop of which are connected with loops of different rows of double-back stitching.

EFFECT: broadening the range of knitted fabric due to obtaining the effect of a combination of loops with machines of different classes.

2 dwg

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: described is the method for production of piece of clothing such as the calf-length sock on the circular fabric machine with cyclic movement. The sock is produced as an “entire piece” bound without knit lines and formed as a single piece comprising a front end which is elongated and has the form of the socket which corresponds to the toe. The socket contains the first and the second front sections. The sock also comprises a jointing section between the said front end and the rear end. The jointing section contains a sole section and two side sections, and an upper opening between the side sections where the foot is inserted. All sections are produced through knitting phases, and, according to the method, several thread guides can be used simultaneously and independently during all stages to produce the calf-length sock. Described is a piece of clothing, such as a calf-length sock.

EFFECT: reduced time required to produce the piece of clothing, patterned or coloured sections can be produced without loose threads on the inside of the piece.

13 cl, 2 dwg

Jersey fabric // 2435880

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: jersey fabric produced by means of excluding 1×1 needles from operation, related to a class of figured ones, formed on the basis of the main looping weaves - by incomplete weaving, consists of half-woollen yarn with linear density of 62 tex or cotton yarn of linear density of 65 tex, used to form baseline loops of the jersey fabric and threads of leather with linear density of 673-924 tex. At the same time the following ratio of components, wt %, is selected: half-woollen yarn - 16-20 and leather threads - 80-84 or cotton yarn - 17-20 and leather threads - 80-83, number of wales and courses per 10 cm in the fabric are chosen as Pg 8-9 and Pv 14-16 accordingly. At the same time the surface density of the fabric is 479-530 g/m2.

EFFECT: jersey fabric has higher wear resistance, shape resistance, insignificant twisting at cut edges during pattern cutting of articles and at edges during article production at flat-knitting machines with one set of needles in separate parts and making it possible to expand the range of jersey fabrics, and is more comfortable for outerwear jersey items of new fashionable trends produced commercially.

1 tbl

Pullover // 2430202

FIELD: textile; paper.

SUBSTANCE: pullover comprises a front with a yoke, a back with a yoke, sleeves that are integrally joined to each other. Yokes are integrally knitted with the front and the back by low tensile weaving of the first group of tensility, which contains, according to the ornament repeat, rows of jersey structure and rows of double pressed weaving on the basis of lasting 1+1, one side of which consists of jersey stitches, and the other one - from press stitches, having single casting-on and displaced by one needle pitch. Sleeves and other parts of the front and the back are made by weaving of the second or third group of tensility.

EFFECT: improved consumer properties and saving of labour and material inputs in making of a pullover.

3 dwg

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: fabric has ribs course made from low-elasticity thread and warp-knitted plain course made from high-elasticity thread knitted-through in conjunction with ribs loops on reverse side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric is further provided with additional ribs course of low-elasticity thread and warp-knitted plain course of high-elasticity thread knitted-through, in conjunction with ribs loops, on face side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric may comprise additional warp-knitted plain course of high-elasticity thread knitted-through, in conjunction with ribs loops, on face side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric may comprise at least one ribs course of low-elasticity thread arranged between loop courses with doubled ribs and warp-knitted plain course loops.

EFFECT: elimination of curling of fabric and, accordingly, simplified sewing of articles manufactured from such a fabric.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: weft-knitted double fabric comprises, in various combinations, first row of elastic made from low-stretchable thread, row of jersey structure of hyperelastic thread whose stitches are arranged at face side or at reverse side of knitted fabric, rows of stitches at face side or reverse side of knitted fabric and press thrown-on stitches at face side or reverse side of low-stretchable thread, additional rows of elastic of low-stretchable thread, fourth row of stitches at reverse side of fabric, and press thrown-on stitches at face side of low-stretchable thread.

EFFECT: improved quality of fabric due to elimination of curling of fabric.

4 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: production of knitted articles with pockets.

SUBSTANCE: method involves knitting article on single or double jersey flat machine up to portion where pocket is to be knitted; knitting pocket with sequential reduction until desired depth of pocket is obtained, with following adding; providing reduction of operating needles by more than two rows of stitches; providing transfer of outer stitches or group of stitches at junction sites of sides of pocket sackcloth after each reduction operation, and knitting thread on free needle.

EFFECT: simplified process for manufacture of articles and reduced labor intensity.

FIELD: production of combined double knitted fabric for manufacture of special-purpose underwear articles.

SUBSTANCE: combined double knitted fabric has satin stitch-type courses arranged at both sides of knitted fabric, and transferred links. Satin stitch-type courses are arranged in alternation with lasting rows according to 4+1 pattern. Knitted fabric has additional course within pattern repeat, including lasting links of 2+1 pattern, each second link of which is transferred onto links of adjacent column from reverse side onto face side of knitted fabric, and thrown-on links arranged in courses, from which previous link had been transferred so that cell is formed. In each ninth course, lasting links of 4+1 pattern are offset by two link columns.

EFFECT: provision for producing of knitted fabric with improved form stability and increased heat-shielding properties provided by manufacture of cellular structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: production of knitted fabric.

SUBSTANCE: weft knitted fabric is made by columnar satin stitched weaving and press-type double-rib knit fabric weaving, said weavings being joined with one another through press-weaving underlaps. Columnar satin stitched weavings formed from boucle-type relief twisted yarn intersect with press-type weaving stitches of double-rib knit fabric formed from smooth yarn at face sides of said stitches.

EFFECT: increased form stability of knitted fabric, reduced material usage, elimination of coiling and double-sided boucle effect.

2 dwg

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, weft-knitted fabric of derived weaves, designed for production of domestic, sportive and technical articles.

SUBSTANCE: double-layer knitted fabric comprises two layers of derived lasting weave, said layers being connected with one another. Underlaps of one knitted fabric layer are wound around underlaps of other layer. Each link in each layer has underlap, said underlaps being made elongated. Courses of face links and reverse links are arranged in alternation.

EFFECT: increased form stability of knitted fabric.

2 dwg

FIELD: manufacture of knitted products.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing looping of knitted fabric on two-hook needle, including operation of laying of new thread on needle without throwing and including selective throwing of former threads, with at least one former thread being left on needle.

EFFECT: increased density and reduced unraveling of knitted fabric.

2 dwg

FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of patterned weave knitted fabrics.

SUBSTANCE: double weft-knitted openwork fabric comprises portions of background loops formed by double ribbed weave and groups of pattern loops consisting of doubled courses. Each of groups of patterned loops comprises inclined courses with increased clearance closed by zigzag-shaped thread lengths of transferred throw-ups. Inclined courses are arranged at least at an angle of 45 deg to horizontal plane and formed in each pattern repeat by transferring through course the group comprising at least three loops of one side of knitted fabric onto adjacent needles of the same needle bar to one or other side and subsequent transfer in each row of the group of at least four adjacent loops of other side of knitted fabric in the same direction onto needles of other needle bar at least two times in succession.

EFFECT: wider range of types of knitted fabric and articles due to creating openwork pattern of definite texture with portions of inclined courses.

5 dwg

FIELD: production of knitted articles.

SUBSTANCE: method involves setting structure of knitted fabric in the form of repeat pattern consisting of alternating standard elements; converting set structure into machine language code and knitting knitted fabric on programmable machine. Standard elements used by said method are portions of thread with constant properties. Location of standard elements in repeat pattern is set by generalized coordinates thereof, said generalized coordinates being increments of geometric coordinates on thread portion and relative (local) geometric coordinates of leading and tailing parts of said portion.

EFFECT: improved physico-mechanical properties of thread portion.

2 dwg

FIELD: manufacturing of domestic and technical knitted products.

SUBSTANCE: double-layer knitted fabric consists of two satin-stitch layers, patterned or combined single weft-knitted weaving, wherein stitches of one layer are connected with stitches of other layer by selective drawing thereof according to pattern one through the other without throwing thereof onto one another.

EFFECT: wider range of double-layer knitted products and provision for creating basic structure with reduced material usage.

6 dwg

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